// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
/*
 * Kernel-based Virtual Machine driver for Linux
 *
 * derived from drivers/kvm/kvm_main.c
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2006 Qumranet, Inc.
 * Copyright (C) 2008 Qumranet, Inc.
 * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2008
 * Copyright 2010 Red Hat, Inc. and/or its affiliates.
 *
 * Authors:
 *   Avi Kivity   <avi@qumranet.com>
 *   Yaniv Kamay  <yaniv@qumranet.com>
 *   Amit Shah    <amit.shah@qumranet.com>
 *   Ben-Ami Yassour <benami@il.ibm.com>
 */

#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
#include "irq.h"
#include "ioapic.h"
#include "mmu.h"
#include "i8254.h"
#include "tss.h"
#include "kvm_cache_regs.h"
#include "kvm_emulate.h"
#include "x86.h"
#include "cpuid.h"
#include "pmu.h"
#include "hyperv.h"
#include "lapic.h"
#include "xen.h"

#include <linux/clocksource.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/kvm.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/iommu.h>
#include <linux/intel-iommu.h>
#include <linux/cpufreq.h>
#include <linux/user-return-notifier.h>
#include <linux/srcu.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/perf_event.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/hash.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/timekeeper_internal.h>
#include <linux/pvclock_gtod.h>
#include <linux/kvm_irqfd.h>
#include <linux/irqbypass.h>
#include <linux/sched/stat.h>
#include <linux/sched/isolation.h>
#include <linux/mem_encrypt.h>
#include <linux/entry-kvm.h>
#include <linux/suspend.h>

#include <trace/events/kvm.h>

#include <asm/debugreg.h>
#include <asm/msr.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/mce.h>
#include <asm/pkru.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <asm/fpu/internal.h> /* Ugh! */
#include <asm/pvclock.h>
#include <asm/div64.h>
#include <asm/irq_remapping.h>
#include <asm/mshyperv.h>
#include <asm/hypervisor.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/intel_pt.h>
#include <asm/emulate_prefix.h>
#include <asm/sgx.h>
#include <clocksource/hyperv_timer.h>

#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include "trace.h"

#define MAX_IO_MSRS 256
#define KVM_MAX_MCE_BANKS 32
u64 __read_mostly kvm_mce_cap_supported = MCG_CTL_P | MCG_SER_P;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_mce_cap_supported);

#define emul_to_vcpu(ctxt) \
	((struct kvm_vcpu *)(ctxt)->vcpu)

/* EFER defaults:
 * - enable syscall per default because its emulated by KVM
 * - enable LME and LMA per default on 64 bit KVM
 */
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
static
u64 __read_mostly efer_reserved_bits = ~((u64)(EFER_SCE | EFER_LME | EFER_LMA));
#else
static u64 __read_mostly efer_reserved_bits = ~((u64)EFER_SCE);
#endif

static u64 __read_mostly cr4_reserved_bits = CR4_RESERVED_BITS;

#define KVM_EXIT_HYPERCALL_VALID_MASK (1 << KVM_HC_MAP_GPA_RANGE)

#define KVM_X2APIC_API_VALID_FLAGS (KVM_X2APIC_API_USE_32BIT_IDS | \
                                    KVM_X2APIC_API_DISABLE_BROADCAST_QUIRK)

static void update_cr8_intercept(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
static void process_nmi(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
static void process_smi(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
static void enter_smm(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
static void __kvm_set_rflags(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long rflags);
static void store_regs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
static int sync_regs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);

static int __set_sregs2(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_sregs2 *sregs2);
static void __get_sregs2(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_sregs2 *sregs2);

struct kvm_x86_ops kvm_x86_ops __read_mostly;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_x86_ops);

#define KVM_X86_OP(func)					     \
	DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(kvm_x86_##func,			     \
				*(((struct kvm_x86_ops *)0)->func));
#define KVM_X86_OP_NULL KVM_X86_OP
#include <asm/kvm-x86-ops.h>
EXPORT_STATIC_CALL_GPL(kvm_x86_get_cs_db_l_bits);
EXPORT_STATIC_CALL_GPL(kvm_x86_cache_reg);
EXPORT_STATIC_CALL_GPL(kvm_x86_tlb_flush_current);

static bool __read_mostly ignore_msrs = 0;
module_param(ignore_msrs, bool, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);

bool __read_mostly report_ignored_msrs = true;
module_param(report_ignored_msrs, bool, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(report_ignored_msrs);

unsigned int min_timer_period_us = 200;
module_param(min_timer_period_us, uint, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);

static bool __read_mostly kvmclock_periodic_sync = true;
module_param(kvmclock_periodic_sync, bool, S_IRUGO);

bool __read_mostly kvm_has_tsc_control;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_has_tsc_control);
u32  __read_mostly kvm_max_guest_tsc_khz;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_max_guest_tsc_khz);
u8   __read_mostly kvm_tsc_scaling_ratio_frac_bits;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_tsc_scaling_ratio_frac_bits);
u64  __read_mostly kvm_max_tsc_scaling_ratio;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_max_tsc_scaling_ratio);
u64 __read_mostly kvm_default_tsc_scaling_ratio;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_default_tsc_scaling_ratio);
bool __read_mostly kvm_has_bus_lock_exit;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_has_bus_lock_exit);

/* tsc tolerance in parts per million - default to 1/2 of the NTP threshold */
static u32 __read_mostly tsc_tolerance_ppm = 250;
module_param(tsc_tolerance_ppm, uint, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);

/*
 * lapic timer advance (tscdeadline mode only) in nanoseconds.  '-1' enables
 * adaptive tuning starting from default advancement of 1000ns.  '0' disables
 * advancement entirely.  Any other value is used as-is and disables adaptive
 * tuning, i.e. allows privileged userspace to set an exact advancement time.
 */
static int __read_mostly lapic_timer_advance_ns = -1;
module_param(lapic_timer_advance_ns, int, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);

static bool __read_mostly vector_hashing = true;
module_param(vector_hashing, bool, S_IRUGO);

bool __read_mostly enable_vmware_backdoor = false;
module_param(enable_vmware_backdoor, bool, S_IRUGO);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(enable_vmware_backdoor);

static bool __read_mostly force_emulation_prefix = false;
module_param(force_emulation_prefix, bool, S_IRUGO);

int __read_mostly pi_inject_timer = -1;
module_param(pi_inject_timer, bint, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);

/*
 * Restoring the host value for MSRs that are only consumed when running in
 * usermode, e.g. SYSCALL MSRs and TSC_AUX, can be deferred until the CPU
 * returns to userspace, i.e. the kernel can run with the guest's value.
 */
#define KVM_MAX_NR_USER_RETURN_MSRS 16

struct kvm_user_return_msrs {
	struct user_return_notifier urn;
	bool registered;
	struct kvm_user_return_msr_values {
		u64 host;
		u64 curr;
	} values[KVM_MAX_NR_USER_RETURN_MSRS];
};

u32 __read_mostly kvm_nr_uret_msrs;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_nr_uret_msrs);
static u32 __read_mostly kvm_uret_msrs_list[KVM_MAX_NR_USER_RETURN_MSRS];
static struct kvm_user_return_msrs __percpu *user_return_msrs;

#define KVM_SUPPORTED_XCR0     (XFEATURE_MASK_FP | XFEATURE_MASK_SSE \
				| XFEATURE_MASK_YMM | XFEATURE_MASK_BNDREGS \
				| XFEATURE_MASK_BNDCSR | XFEATURE_MASK_AVX512 \
				| XFEATURE_MASK_PKRU)

u64 __read_mostly host_efer;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(host_efer);

bool __read_mostly allow_smaller_maxphyaddr = 0;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(allow_smaller_maxphyaddr);

bool __read_mostly enable_apicv = true;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(enable_apicv);

u64 __read_mostly host_xss;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(host_xss);
u64 __read_mostly supported_xss;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(supported_xss);

const struct _kvm_stats_desc kvm_vm_stats_desc[] = {
	KVM_GENERIC_VM_STATS(),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VM, mmu_shadow_zapped),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VM, mmu_pte_write),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VM, mmu_pde_zapped),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VM, mmu_flooded),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VM, mmu_recycled),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VM, mmu_cache_miss),
	STATS_DESC_ICOUNTER(VM, mmu_unsync),
	STATS_DESC_ICOUNTER(VM, pages_4k),
	STATS_DESC_ICOUNTER(VM, pages_2m),
	STATS_DESC_ICOUNTER(VM, pages_1g),
	STATS_DESC_ICOUNTER(VM, nx_lpage_splits),
	STATS_DESC_PCOUNTER(VM, max_mmu_rmap_size),
	STATS_DESC_PCOUNTER(VM, max_mmu_page_hash_collisions)
};

const struct kvm_stats_header kvm_vm_stats_header = {
	.name_size = KVM_STATS_NAME_SIZE,
	.num_desc = ARRAY_SIZE(kvm_vm_stats_desc),
	.id_offset = sizeof(struct kvm_stats_header),
	.desc_offset = sizeof(struct kvm_stats_header) + KVM_STATS_NAME_SIZE,
	.data_offset = sizeof(struct kvm_stats_header) + KVM_STATS_NAME_SIZE +
		       sizeof(kvm_vm_stats_desc),
};

const struct _kvm_stats_desc kvm_vcpu_stats_desc[] = {
	KVM_GENERIC_VCPU_STATS(),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, pf_fixed),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, pf_guest),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, tlb_flush),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, invlpg),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, exits),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, io_exits),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, mmio_exits),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, signal_exits),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, irq_window_exits),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, nmi_window_exits),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, l1d_flush),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, halt_exits),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, request_irq_exits),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, irq_exits),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, host_state_reload),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, fpu_reload),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, insn_emulation),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, insn_emulation_fail),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, hypercalls),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, irq_injections),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, nmi_injections),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, req_event),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, nested_run),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, directed_yield_attempted),
	STATS_DESC_COUNTER(VCPU, directed_yield_successful),
	STATS_DESC_ICOUNTER(VCPU, guest_mode)
};

const struct kvm_stats_header kvm_vcpu_stats_header = {
	.name_size = KVM_STATS_NAME_SIZE,
	.num_desc = ARRAY_SIZE(kvm_vcpu_stats_desc),
	.id_offset = sizeof(struct kvm_stats_header),
	.desc_offset = sizeof(struct kvm_stats_header) + KVM_STATS_NAME_SIZE,
	.data_offset = sizeof(struct kvm_stats_header) + KVM_STATS_NAME_SIZE +
		       sizeof(kvm_vcpu_stats_desc),
};

u64 __read_mostly host_xcr0;
u64 __read_mostly supported_xcr0;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(supported_xcr0);

static struct kmem_cache *x86_fpu_cache;

static struct kmem_cache *x86_emulator_cache;

/*
 * When called, it means the previous get/set msr reached an invalid msr.
 * Return true if we want to ignore/silent this failed msr access.
 */
static bool kvm_msr_ignored_check(u32 msr, u64 data, bool write)
{
	const char *op = write ? "wrmsr" : "rdmsr";

	if (ignore_msrs) {
		if (report_ignored_msrs)
			kvm_pr_unimpl("ignored %s: 0x%x data 0x%llx\n",
				      op, msr, data);
		/* Mask the error */
		return true;
	} else {
		kvm_debug_ratelimited("unhandled %s: 0x%x data 0x%llx\n",
				      op, msr, data);
		return false;
	}
}

static struct kmem_cache *kvm_alloc_emulator_cache(void)
{
	unsigned int useroffset = offsetof(struct x86_emulate_ctxt, src);
	unsigned int size = sizeof(struct x86_emulate_ctxt);

	return kmem_cache_create_usercopy("x86_emulator", size,
					  __alignof__(struct x86_emulate_ctxt),
					  SLAB_ACCOUNT, useroffset,
					  size - useroffset, NULL);
}

static int emulator_fix_hypercall(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt);

static inline void kvm_async_pf_hash_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	int i;
	for (i = 0; i < ASYNC_PF_PER_VCPU; i++)
		vcpu->arch.apf.gfns[i] = ~0;
}

static void kvm_on_user_return(struct user_return_notifier *urn)
{
	unsigned slot;
	struct kvm_user_return_msrs *msrs
		= container_of(urn, struct kvm_user_return_msrs, urn);
	struct kvm_user_return_msr_values *values;
	unsigned long flags;

	/*
	 * Disabling irqs at this point since the following code could be
	 * interrupted and executed through kvm_arch_hardware_disable()
	 */
	local_irq_save(flags);
	if (msrs->registered) {
		msrs->registered = false;
		user_return_notifier_unregister(urn);
	}
	local_irq_restore(flags);
	for (slot = 0; slot < kvm_nr_uret_msrs; ++slot) {
		values = &msrs->values[slot];
		if (values->host != values->curr) {
			wrmsrl(kvm_uret_msrs_list[slot], values->host);
			values->curr = values->host;
		}
	}
}

static int kvm_probe_user_return_msr(u32 msr)
{
	u64 val;
	int ret;

	preempt_disable();
	ret = rdmsrl_safe(msr, &val);
	if (ret)
		goto out;
	ret = wrmsrl_safe(msr, val);
out:
	preempt_enable();
	return ret;
}

int kvm_add_user_return_msr(u32 msr)
{
	BUG_ON(kvm_nr_uret_msrs >= KVM_MAX_NR_USER_RETURN_MSRS);

	if (kvm_probe_user_return_msr(msr))
		return -1;

	kvm_uret_msrs_list[kvm_nr_uret_msrs] = msr;
	return kvm_nr_uret_msrs++;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_add_user_return_msr);

int kvm_find_user_return_msr(u32 msr)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < kvm_nr_uret_msrs; ++i) {
		if (kvm_uret_msrs_list[i] == msr)
			return i;
	}
	return -1;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_find_user_return_msr);

static void kvm_user_return_msr_cpu_online(void)
{
	unsigned int cpu = smp_processor_id();
	struct kvm_user_return_msrs *msrs = per_cpu_ptr(user_return_msrs, cpu);
	u64 value;
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < kvm_nr_uret_msrs; ++i) {
		rdmsrl_safe(kvm_uret_msrs_list[i], &value);
		msrs->values[i].host = value;
		msrs->values[i].curr = value;
	}
}

int kvm_set_user_return_msr(unsigned slot, u64 value, u64 mask)
{
	unsigned int cpu = smp_processor_id();
	struct kvm_user_return_msrs *msrs = per_cpu_ptr(user_return_msrs, cpu);
	int err;

	value = (value & mask) | (msrs->values[slot].host & ~mask);
	if (value == msrs->values[slot].curr)
		return 0;
	err = wrmsrl_safe(kvm_uret_msrs_list[slot], value);
	if (err)
		return 1;

	msrs->values[slot].curr = value;
	if (!msrs->registered) {
		msrs->urn.on_user_return = kvm_on_user_return;
		user_return_notifier_register(&msrs->urn);
		msrs->registered = true;
	}
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_set_user_return_msr);

static void drop_user_return_notifiers(void)
{
	unsigned int cpu = smp_processor_id();
	struct kvm_user_return_msrs *msrs = per_cpu_ptr(user_return_msrs, cpu);

	if (msrs->registered)
		kvm_on_user_return(&msrs->urn);
}

u64 kvm_get_apic_base(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	return vcpu->arch.apic_base;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_get_apic_base);

enum lapic_mode kvm_get_apic_mode(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	return kvm_apic_mode(kvm_get_apic_base(vcpu));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_get_apic_mode);

int kvm_set_apic_base(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct msr_data *msr_info)
{
	enum lapic_mode old_mode = kvm_get_apic_mode(vcpu);
	enum lapic_mode new_mode = kvm_apic_mode(msr_info->data);
	u64 reserved_bits = kvm_vcpu_reserved_gpa_bits_raw(vcpu) | 0x2ff |
		(guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_X2APIC) ? 0 : X2APIC_ENABLE);

	if ((msr_info->data & reserved_bits) != 0 || new_mode == LAPIC_MODE_INVALID)
		return 1;
	if (!msr_info->host_initiated) {
		if (old_mode == LAPIC_MODE_X2APIC && new_mode == LAPIC_MODE_XAPIC)
			return 1;
		if (old_mode == LAPIC_MODE_DISABLED && new_mode == LAPIC_MODE_X2APIC)
			return 1;
	}

	kvm_lapic_set_base(vcpu, msr_info->data);
	kvm_recalculate_apic_map(vcpu->kvm);
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_set_apic_base);

/*
 * Handle a fault on a hardware virtualization (VMX or SVM) instruction.
 *
 * Hardware virtualization extension instructions may fault if a reboot turns
 * off virtualization while processes are running.  Usually after catching the
 * fault we just panic; during reboot instead the instruction is ignored.
 */
noinstr void kvm_spurious_fault(void)
{
	/* Fault while not rebooting.  We want the trace. */
	BUG_ON(!kvm_rebooting);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_spurious_fault);

#define EXCPT_BENIGN		0
#define EXCPT_CONTRIBUTORY	1
#define EXCPT_PF		2

static int exception_class(int vector)
{
	switch (vector) {
	case PF_VECTOR:
		return EXCPT_PF;
	case DE_VECTOR:
	case TS_VECTOR:
	case NP_VECTOR:
	case SS_VECTOR:
	case GP_VECTOR:
		return EXCPT_CONTRIBUTORY;
	default:
		break;
	}
	return EXCPT_BENIGN;
}

#define EXCPT_FAULT		0
#define EXCPT_TRAP		1
#define EXCPT_ABORT		2
#define EXCPT_INTERRUPT		3

static int exception_type(int vector)
{
	unsigned int mask;

	if (WARN_ON(vector > 31 || vector == NMI_VECTOR))
		return EXCPT_INTERRUPT;

	mask = 1 << vector;

	/* #DB is trap, as instruction watchpoints are handled elsewhere */
	if (mask & ((1 << DB_VECTOR) | (1 << BP_VECTOR) | (1 << OF_VECTOR)))
		return EXCPT_TRAP;

	if (mask & ((1 << DF_VECTOR) | (1 << MC_VECTOR)))
		return EXCPT_ABORT;

	/* Reserved exceptions will result in fault */
	return EXCPT_FAULT;
}

void kvm_deliver_exception_payload(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	unsigned nr = vcpu->arch.exception.nr;
	bool has_payload = vcpu->arch.exception.has_payload;
	unsigned long payload = vcpu->arch.exception.payload;

	if (!has_payload)
		return;

	switch (nr) {
	case DB_VECTOR:
		/*
		 * "Certain debug exceptions may clear bit 0-3.  The
		 * remaining contents of the DR6 register are never
		 * cleared by the processor".
		 */
		vcpu->arch.dr6 &= ~DR_TRAP_BITS;
		/*
		 * In order to reflect the #DB exception payload in guest
		 * dr6, three components need to be considered: active low
		 * bit, FIXED_1 bits and active high bits (e.g. DR6_BD,
		 * DR6_BS and DR6_BT)
		 * DR6_ACTIVE_LOW contains the FIXED_1 and active low bits.
		 * In the target guest dr6:
		 * FIXED_1 bits should always be set.
		 * Active low bits should be cleared if 1-setting in payload.
		 * Active high bits should be set if 1-setting in payload.
		 *
		 * Note, the payload is compatible with the pending debug
		 * exceptions/exit qualification under VMX, that active_low bits
		 * are active high in payload.
		 * So they need to be flipped for DR6.
		 */
		vcpu->arch.dr6 |= DR6_ACTIVE_LOW;
		vcpu->arch.dr6 |= payload;
		vcpu->arch.dr6 ^= payload & DR6_ACTIVE_LOW;

		/*
		 * The #DB payload is defined as compatible with the 'pending
		 * debug exceptions' field under VMX, not DR6. While bit 12 is
		 * defined in the 'pending debug exceptions' field (enabled
		 * breakpoint), it is reserved and must be zero in DR6.
		 */
		vcpu->arch.dr6 &= ~BIT(12);
		break;
	case PF_VECTOR:
		vcpu->arch.cr2 = payload;
		break;
	}

	vcpu->arch.exception.has_payload = false;
	vcpu->arch.exception.payload = 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_deliver_exception_payload);

static void kvm_multiple_exception(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
		unsigned nr, bool has_error, u32 error_code,
	        bool has_payload, unsigned long payload, bool reinject)
{
	u32 prev_nr;
	int class1, class2;

	kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_EVENT, vcpu);

	if (!vcpu->arch.exception.pending && !vcpu->arch.exception.injected) {
	queue:
		if (reinject) {
			/*
			 * On vmentry, vcpu->arch.exception.pending is only
			 * true if an event injection was blocked by
			 * nested_run_pending.  In that case, however,
			 * vcpu_enter_guest requests an immediate exit,
			 * and the guest shouldn't proceed far enough to
			 * need reinjection.
			 */
			WARN_ON_ONCE(vcpu->arch.exception.pending);
			vcpu->arch.exception.injected = true;
			if (WARN_ON_ONCE(has_payload)) {
				/*
				 * A reinjected event has already
				 * delivered its payload.
				 */
				has_payload = false;
				payload = 0;
			}
		} else {
			vcpu->arch.exception.pending = true;
			vcpu->arch.exception.injected = false;
		}
		vcpu->arch.exception.has_error_code = has_error;
		vcpu->arch.exception.nr = nr;
		vcpu->arch.exception.error_code = error_code;
		vcpu->arch.exception.has_payload = has_payload;
		vcpu->arch.exception.payload = payload;
		if (!is_guest_mode(vcpu))
			kvm_deliver_exception_payload(vcpu);
		return;
	}

	/* to check exception */
	prev_nr = vcpu->arch.exception.nr;
	if (prev_nr == DF_VECTOR) {
		/* triple fault -> shutdown */
		kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_TRIPLE_FAULT, vcpu);
		return;
	}
	class1 = exception_class(prev_nr);
	class2 = exception_class(nr);
	if ((class1 == EXCPT_CONTRIBUTORY && class2 == EXCPT_CONTRIBUTORY)
		|| (class1 == EXCPT_PF && class2 != EXCPT_BENIGN)) {
		/*
		 * Generate double fault per SDM Table 5-5.  Set
		 * exception.pending = true so that the double fault
		 * can trigger a nested vmexit.
		 */
		vcpu->arch.exception.pending = true;
		vcpu->arch.exception.injected = false;
		vcpu->arch.exception.has_error_code = true;
		vcpu->arch.exception.nr = DF_VECTOR;
		vcpu->arch.exception.error_code = 0;
		vcpu->arch.exception.has_payload = false;
		vcpu->arch.exception.payload = 0;
	} else
		/* replace previous exception with a new one in a hope
		   that instruction re-execution will regenerate lost
		   exception */
		goto queue;
}

void kvm_queue_exception(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned nr)
{
	kvm_multiple_exception(vcpu, nr, false, 0, false, 0, false);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_queue_exception);

void kvm_requeue_exception(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned nr)
{
	kvm_multiple_exception(vcpu, nr, false, 0, false, 0, true);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_requeue_exception);

void kvm_queue_exception_p(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned nr,
			   unsigned long payload)
{
	kvm_multiple_exception(vcpu, nr, false, 0, true, payload, false);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_queue_exception_p);

static void kvm_queue_exception_e_p(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned nr,
				    u32 error_code, unsigned long payload)
{
	kvm_multiple_exception(vcpu, nr, true, error_code,
			       true, payload, false);
}

int kvm_complete_insn_gp(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int err)
{
	if (err)
		kvm_inject_gp(vcpu, 0);
	else
		return kvm_skip_emulated_instruction(vcpu);

	return 1;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_complete_insn_gp);

void kvm_inject_page_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct x86_exception *fault)
{
	++vcpu->stat.pf_guest;
	vcpu->arch.exception.nested_apf =
		is_guest_mode(vcpu) && fault->async_page_fault;
	if (vcpu->arch.exception.nested_apf) {
		vcpu->arch.apf.nested_apf_token = fault->address;
		kvm_queue_exception_e(vcpu, PF_VECTOR, fault->error_code);
	} else {
		kvm_queue_exception_e_p(vcpu, PF_VECTOR, fault->error_code,
					fault->address);
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_inject_page_fault);

bool kvm_inject_emulated_page_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				    struct x86_exception *fault)
{
	struct kvm_mmu *fault_mmu;
	WARN_ON_ONCE(fault->vector != PF_VECTOR);

	fault_mmu = fault->nested_page_fault ? vcpu->arch.mmu :
					       vcpu->arch.walk_mmu;

	/*
	 * Invalidate the TLB entry for the faulting address, if it exists,
	 * else the access will fault indefinitely (and to emulate hardware).
	 */
	if ((fault->error_code & PFERR_PRESENT_MASK) &&
	    !(fault->error_code & PFERR_RSVD_MASK))
		kvm_mmu_invalidate_gva(vcpu, fault_mmu, fault->address,
				       fault_mmu->root_hpa);

	fault_mmu->inject_page_fault(vcpu, fault);
	return fault->nested_page_fault;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_inject_emulated_page_fault);

void kvm_inject_nmi(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	atomic_inc(&vcpu->arch.nmi_queued);
	kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_NMI, vcpu);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_inject_nmi);

void kvm_queue_exception_e(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned nr, u32 error_code)
{
	kvm_multiple_exception(vcpu, nr, true, error_code, false, 0, false);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_queue_exception_e);

void kvm_requeue_exception_e(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned nr, u32 error_code)
{
	kvm_multiple_exception(vcpu, nr, true, error_code, false, 0, true);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_requeue_exception_e);

/*
 * Checks if cpl <= required_cpl; if true, return true.  Otherwise queue
 * a #GP and return false.
 */
bool kvm_require_cpl(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int required_cpl)
{
	if (static_call(kvm_x86_get_cpl)(vcpu) <= required_cpl)
		return true;
	kvm_queue_exception_e(vcpu, GP_VECTOR, 0);
	return false;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_require_cpl);

bool kvm_require_dr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int dr)
{
	if ((dr != 4 && dr != 5) || !kvm_read_cr4_bits(vcpu, X86_CR4_DE))
		return true;

	kvm_queue_exception(vcpu, UD_VECTOR);
	return false;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_require_dr);

/*
 * This function will be used to read from the physical memory of the currently
 * running guest. The difference to kvm_vcpu_read_guest_page is that this function
 * can read from guest physical or from the guest's guest physical memory.
 */
int kvm_read_guest_page_mmu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_mmu *mmu,
			    gfn_t ngfn, void *data, int offset, int len,
			    u32 access)
{
	struct x86_exception exception;
	gfn_t real_gfn;
	gpa_t ngpa;

	ngpa     = gfn_to_gpa(ngfn);
	real_gfn = mmu->translate_gpa(vcpu, ngpa, access, &exception);
	if (real_gfn == UNMAPPED_GVA)
		return -EFAULT;

	real_gfn = gpa_to_gfn(real_gfn);

	return kvm_vcpu_read_guest_page(vcpu, real_gfn, data, offset, len);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_read_guest_page_mmu);

static inline u64 pdptr_rsvd_bits(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	return vcpu->arch.reserved_gpa_bits | rsvd_bits(5, 8) | rsvd_bits(1, 2);
}

/*
 * Load the pae pdptrs.  Return 1 if they are all valid, 0 otherwise.
 */
int load_pdptrs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_mmu *mmu, unsigned long cr3)
{
	gfn_t pdpt_gfn = cr3 >> PAGE_SHIFT;
	unsigned offset = ((cr3 & (PAGE_SIZE-1)) >> 5) << 2;
	int i;
	int ret;
	u64 pdpte[ARRAY_SIZE(mmu->pdptrs)];

	ret = kvm_read_guest_page_mmu(vcpu, mmu, pdpt_gfn, pdpte,
				      offset * sizeof(u64), sizeof(pdpte),
				      PFERR_USER_MASK|PFERR_WRITE_MASK);
	if (ret < 0) {
		ret = 0;
		goto out;
	}
	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(pdpte); ++i) {
		if ((pdpte[i] & PT_PRESENT_MASK) &&
		    (pdpte[i] & pdptr_rsvd_bits(vcpu))) {
			ret = 0;
			goto out;
		}
	}
	ret = 1;

	memcpy(mmu->pdptrs, pdpte, sizeof(mmu->pdptrs));
	kvm_register_mark_dirty(vcpu, VCPU_EXREG_PDPTR);
	vcpu->arch.pdptrs_from_userspace = false;

out:

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(load_pdptrs);

void kvm_post_set_cr0(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long old_cr0, unsigned long cr0)
{
	if ((cr0 ^ old_cr0) & X86_CR0_PG) {
		kvm_clear_async_pf_completion_queue(vcpu);
		kvm_async_pf_hash_reset(vcpu);
	}

	if ((cr0 ^ old_cr0) & KVM_MMU_CR0_ROLE_BITS)
		kvm_mmu_reset_context(vcpu);

	if (((cr0 ^ old_cr0) & X86_CR0_CD) &&
	    kvm_arch_has_noncoherent_dma(vcpu->kvm) &&
	    !kvm_check_has_quirk(vcpu->kvm, KVM_X86_QUIRK_CD_NW_CLEARED))
		kvm_zap_gfn_range(vcpu->kvm, 0, ~0ULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_post_set_cr0);

int kvm_set_cr0(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr0)
{
	unsigned long old_cr0 = kvm_read_cr0(vcpu);
	unsigned long pdptr_bits = X86_CR0_CD | X86_CR0_NW | X86_CR0_PG;

	cr0 |= X86_CR0_ET;

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	if (cr0 & 0xffffffff00000000UL)
		return 1;
#endif

	cr0 &= ~CR0_RESERVED_BITS;

	if ((cr0 & X86_CR0_NW) && !(cr0 & X86_CR0_CD))
		return 1;

	if ((cr0 & X86_CR0_PG) && !(cr0 & X86_CR0_PE))
		return 1;

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	if ((vcpu->arch.efer & EFER_LME) && !is_paging(vcpu) &&
	    (cr0 & X86_CR0_PG)) {
		int cs_db, cs_l;

		if (!is_pae(vcpu))
			return 1;
		static_call(kvm_x86_get_cs_db_l_bits)(vcpu, &cs_db, &cs_l);
		if (cs_l)
			return 1;
	}
#endif
	if (!(vcpu->arch.efer & EFER_LME) && (cr0 & X86_CR0_PG) &&
	    is_pae(vcpu) && ((cr0 ^ old_cr0) & pdptr_bits) &&
	    !load_pdptrs(vcpu, vcpu->arch.walk_mmu, kvm_read_cr3(vcpu)))
		return 1;

	if (!(cr0 & X86_CR0_PG) && kvm_read_cr4_bits(vcpu, X86_CR4_PCIDE))
		return 1;

	static_call(kvm_x86_set_cr0)(vcpu, cr0);

	kvm_post_set_cr0(vcpu, old_cr0, cr0);

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_set_cr0);

void kvm_lmsw(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long msw)
{
	(void)kvm_set_cr0(vcpu, kvm_read_cr0_bits(vcpu, ~0x0eul) | (msw & 0x0f));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_lmsw);

void kvm_load_guest_xsave_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
		return;

	if (kvm_read_cr4_bits(vcpu, X86_CR4_OSXSAVE)) {

		if (vcpu->arch.xcr0 != host_xcr0)
			xsetbv(XCR_XFEATURE_ENABLED_MASK, vcpu->arch.xcr0);

		if (vcpu->arch.xsaves_enabled &&
		    vcpu->arch.ia32_xss != host_xss)
			wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_XSS, vcpu->arch.ia32_xss);
	}

	if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PKU) &&
	    (kvm_read_cr4_bits(vcpu, X86_CR4_PKE) ||
	     (vcpu->arch.xcr0 & XFEATURE_MASK_PKRU)) &&
	    vcpu->arch.pkru != vcpu->arch.host_pkru)
		write_pkru(vcpu->arch.pkru);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_load_guest_xsave_state);

void kvm_load_host_xsave_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
		return;

	if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PKU) &&
	    (kvm_read_cr4_bits(vcpu, X86_CR4_PKE) ||
	     (vcpu->arch.xcr0 & XFEATURE_MASK_PKRU))) {
		vcpu->arch.pkru = rdpkru();
		if (vcpu->arch.pkru != vcpu->arch.host_pkru)
			write_pkru(vcpu->arch.host_pkru);
	}

	if (kvm_read_cr4_bits(vcpu, X86_CR4_OSXSAVE)) {

		if (vcpu->arch.xcr0 != host_xcr0)
			xsetbv(XCR_XFEATURE_ENABLED_MASK, host_xcr0);

		if (vcpu->arch.xsaves_enabled &&
		    vcpu->arch.ia32_xss != host_xss)
			wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_XSS, host_xss);
	}

}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_load_host_xsave_state);

static int __kvm_set_xcr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 index, u64 xcr)
{
	u64 xcr0 = xcr;
	u64 old_xcr0 = vcpu->arch.xcr0;
	u64 valid_bits;

	/* Only support XCR_XFEATURE_ENABLED_MASK(xcr0) now  */
	if (index != XCR_XFEATURE_ENABLED_MASK)
		return 1;
	if (!(xcr0 & XFEATURE_MASK_FP))
		return 1;
	if ((xcr0 & XFEATURE_MASK_YMM) && !(xcr0 & XFEATURE_MASK_SSE))
		return 1;

	/*
	 * Do not allow the guest to set bits that we do not support
	 * saving.  However, xcr0 bit 0 is always set, even if the
	 * emulated CPU does not support XSAVE (see fx_init).
	 */
	valid_bits = vcpu->arch.guest_supported_xcr0 | XFEATURE_MASK_FP;
	if (xcr0 & ~valid_bits)
		return 1;

	if ((!(xcr0 & XFEATURE_MASK_BNDREGS)) !=
	    (!(xcr0 & XFEATURE_MASK_BNDCSR)))
		return 1;

	if (xcr0 & XFEATURE_MASK_AVX512) {
		if (!(xcr0 & XFEATURE_MASK_YMM))
			return 1;
		if ((xcr0 & XFEATURE_MASK_AVX512) != XFEATURE_MASK_AVX512)
			return 1;
	}
	vcpu->arch.xcr0 = xcr0;

	if ((xcr0 ^ old_xcr0) & XFEATURE_MASK_EXTEND)
		kvm_update_cpuid_runtime(vcpu);
	return 0;
}

int kvm_emulate_xsetbv(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	if (static_call(kvm_x86_get_cpl)(vcpu) != 0 ||
	    __kvm_set_xcr(vcpu, kvm_rcx_read(vcpu), kvm_read_edx_eax(vcpu))) {
		kvm_inject_gp(vcpu, 0);
		return 1;
	}

	return kvm_skip_emulated_instruction(vcpu);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_emulate_xsetbv);

bool kvm_is_valid_cr4(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr4)
{
	if (cr4 & cr4_reserved_bits)
		return false;

	if (cr4 & vcpu->arch.cr4_guest_rsvd_bits)
		return false;

	return static_call(kvm_x86_is_valid_cr4)(vcpu, cr4);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_is_valid_cr4);

void kvm_post_set_cr4(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long old_cr4, unsigned long cr4)
{
	if (((cr4 ^ old_cr4) & KVM_MMU_CR4_ROLE_BITS) ||
	    (!(cr4 & X86_CR4_PCIDE) && (old_cr4 & X86_CR4_PCIDE)))
		kvm_mmu_reset_context(vcpu);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_post_set_cr4);

int kvm_set_cr4(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr4)
{
	unsigned long old_cr4 = kvm_read_cr4(vcpu);
	unsigned long pdptr_bits = X86_CR4_PGE | X86_CR4_PSE | X86_CR4_PAE |
				   X86_CR4_SMEP;

	if (!kvm_is_valid_cr4(vcpu, cr4))
		return 1;

	if (is_long_mode(vcpu)) {
		if (!(cr4 & X86_CR4_PAE))
			return 1;
		if ((cr4 ^ old_cr4) & X86_CR4_LA57)
			return 1;
	} else if (is_paging(vcpu) && (cr4 & X86_CR4_PAE)
		   && ((cr4 ^ old_cr4) & pdptr_bits)
		   && !load_pdptrs(vcpu, vcpu->arch.walk_mmu,
				   kvm_read_cr3(vcpu)))
		return 1;

	if ((cr4 & X86_CR4_PCIDE) && !(old_cr4 & X86_CR4_PCIDE)) {
		if (!guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_PCID))
			return 1;

		/* PCID can not be enabled when cr3[11:0]!=000H or EFER.LMA=0 */
		if ((kvm_read_cr3(vcpu) & X86_CR3_PCID_MASK) || !is_long_mode(vcpu))
			return 1;
	}

	static_call(kvm_x86_set_cr4)(vcpu, cr4);

	kvm_post_set_cr4(vcpu, old_cr4, cr4);

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_set_cr4);

static void kvm_invalidate_pcid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long pcid)
{
	struct kvm_mmu *mmu = vcpu->arch.mmu;
	unsigned long roots_to_free = 0;
	int i;

	/*
	 * If neither the current CR3 nor any of the prev_roots use the given
	 * PCID, then nothing needs to be done here because a resync will
	 * happen anyway before switching to any other CR3.
	 */
	if (kvm_get_active_pcid(vcpu) == pcid) {
		kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_MMU_SYNC, vcpu);
		kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_TLB_FLUSH_CURRENT, vcpu);
	}

	for (i = 0; i < KVM_MMU_NUM_PREV_ROOTS; i++)
		if (kvm_get_pcid(vcpu, mmu->prev_roots[i].pgd) == pcid)
			roots_to_free |= KVM_MMU_ROOT_PREVIOUS(i);

	kvm_mmu_free_roots(vcpu, mmu, roots_to_free);
}

int kvm_set_cr3(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr3)
{
	bool skip_tlb_flush = false;
	unsigned long pcid = 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	bool pcid_enabled = kvm_read_cr4_bits(vcpu, X86_CR4_PCIDE);

	if (pcid_enabled) {
		skip_tlb_flush = cr3 & X86_CR3_PCID_NOFLUSH;
		cr3 &= ~X86_CR3_PCID_NOFLUSH;
		pcid = cr3 & X86_CR3_PCID_MASK;
	}
#endif

	/* PDPTRs are always reloaded for PAE paging. */
	if (cr3 == kvm_read_cr3(vcpu) && !is_pae_paging(vcpu))
		goto handle_tlb_flush;

	/*
	 * Do not condition the GPA check on long mode, this helper is used to
	 * stuff CR3, e.g. for RSM emulation, and there is no guarantee that
	 * the current vCPU mode is accurate.
	 */
	if (kvm_vcpu_is_illegal_gpa(vcpu, cr3))
		return 1;

	if (is_pae_paging(vcpu) && !load_pdptrs(vcpu, vcpu->arch.walk_mmu, cr3))
		return 1;

	if (cr3 != kvm_read_cr3(vcpu))
		kvm_mmu_new_pgd(vcpu, cr3);

	vcpu->arch.cr3 = cr3;
	kvm_register_mark_available(vcpu, VCPU_EXREG_CR3);

handle_tlb_flush:
	/*
	 * A load of CR3 that flushes the TLB flushes only the current PCID,
	 * even if PCID is disabled, in which case PCID=0 is flushed.  It's a
	 * moot point in the end because _disabling_ PCID will flush all PCIDs,
	 * and it's impossible to use a non-zero PCID when PCID is disabled,
	 * i.e. only PCID=0 can be relevant.
	 */
	if (!skip_tlb_flush)
		kvm_invalidate_pcid(vcpu, pcid);

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_set_cr3);

int kvm_set_cr8(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr8)
{
	if (cr8 & CR8_RESERVED_BITS)
		return 1;
	if (lapic_in_kernel(vcpu))
		kvm_lapic_set_tpr(vcpu, cr8);
	else
		vcpu->arch.cr8 = cr8;
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_set_cr8);

unsigned long kvm_get_cr8(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	if (lapic_in_kernel(vcpu))
		return kvm_lapic_get_cr8(vcpu);
	else
		return vcpu->arch.cr8;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_get_cr8);

static void kvm_update_dr0123(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	int i;

	if (!(vcpu->guest_debug & KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_HW_BP)) {
		for (i = 0; i < KVM_NR_DB_REGS; i++)
			vcpu->arch.eff_db[i] = vcpu->arch.db[i];
	}
}

void kvm_update_dr7(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	unsigned long dr7;

	if (vcpu->guest_debug & KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_HW_BP)
		dr7 = vcpu->arch.guest_debug_dr7;
	else
		dr7 = vcpu->arch.dr7;
	static_call(kvm_x86_set_dr7)(vcpu, dr7);
	vcpu->arch.switch_db_regs &= ~KVM_DEBUGREG_BP_ENABLED;
	if (dr7 & DR7_BP_EN_MASK)
		vcpu->arch.switch_db_regs |= KVM_DEBUGREG_BP_ENABLED;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_update_dr7);

static u64 kvm_dr6_fixed(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	u64 fixed = DR6_FIXED_1;

	if (!guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_RTM))
		fixed |= DR6_RTM;

	if (!guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_BUS_LOCK_DETECT))
		fixed |= DR6_BUS_LOCK;
	return fixed;
}

int kvm_set_dr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int dr, unsigned long val)
{
	size_t size = ARRAY_SIZE(vcpu->arch.db);

	switch (dr) {
	case 0 ... 3:
		vcpu->arch.db[array_index_nospec(dr, size)] = val;
		if (!(vcpu->guest_debug & KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_HW_BP))
			vcpu->arch.eff_db[dr] = val;
		break;
	case 4:
	case 6:
		if (!kvm_dr6_valid(val))
			return 1; /* #GP */
		vcpu->arch.dr6 = (val & DR6_VOLATILE) | kvm_dr6_fixed(vcpu);
		break;
	case 5:
	default: /* 7 */
		if (!kvm_dr7_valid(val))
			return 1; /* #GP */
		vcpu->arch.dr7 = (val & DR7_VOLATILE) | DR7_FIXED_1;
		kvm_update_dr7(vcpu);
		break;
	}

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_set_dr);

void kvm_get_dr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int dr, unsigned long *val)
{
	size_t size = ARRAY_SIZE(vcpu->arch.db);

	switch (dr) {
	case 0 ... 3:
		*val = vcpu->arch.db[array_index_nospec(dr, size)];
		break;
	case 4:
	case 6:
		*val = vcpu->arch.dr6;
		break;
	case 5:
	default: /* 7 */
		*val = vcpu->arch.dr7;
		break;
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_get_dr);

int kvm_emulate_rdpmc(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	u32 ecx = kvm_rcx_read(vcpu);
	u64 data;

	if (kvm_pmu_rdpmc(vcpu, ecx, &data)) {
		kvm_inject_gp(vcpu, 0);
		return 1;
	}

	kvm_rax_write(vcpu, (u32)data);
	kvm_rdx_write(vcpu, data >> 32);
	return kvm_skip_emulated_instruction(vcpu);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_emulate_rdpmc);

/*
 * List of msr numbers which we expose to userspace through KVM_GET_MSRS
 * and KVM_SET_MSRS, and KVM_GET_MSR_INDEX_LIST.
 *
 * The three MSR lists(msrs_to_save, emulated_msrs, msr_based_features)
 * extract the supported MSRs from the related const lists.
 * msrs_to_save is selected from the msrs_to_save_all to reflect the
 * capabilities of the host cpu. This capabilities test skips MSRs that are
 * kvm-specific. Those are put in emulated_msrs_all; filtering of emulated_msrs
 * may depend on host virtualization features rather than host cpu features.
 */

static const u32 msrs_to_save_all[] = {
	MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS, MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_ESP, MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_EIP,
	MSR_STAR,
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	MSR_CSTAR, MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE, MSR_SYSCALL_MASK, MSR_LSTAR,
#endif
	MSR_IA32_TSC, MSR_IA32_CR_PAT, MSR_VM_HSAVE_PA,
	MSR_IA32_FEAT_CTL, MSR_IA32_BNDCFGS, MSR_TSC_AUX,
	MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL,
	MSR_IA32_RTIT_CTL, MSR_IA32_RTIT_STATUS, MSR_IA32_RTIT_CR3_MATCH,
	MSR_IA32_RTIT_OUTPUT_BASE, MSR_IA32_RTIT_OUTPUT_MASK,
	MSR_IA32_RTIT_ADDR0_A, MSR_IA32_RTIT_ADDR0_B,
	MSR_IA32_RTIT_ADDR1_A, MSR_IA32_RTIT_ADDR1_B,
	MSR_IA32_RTIT_ADDR2_A, MSR_IA32_RTIT_ADDR2_B,
	MSR_IA32_RTIT_ADDR3_A, MSR_IA32_RTIT_ADDR3_B,
	MSR_IA32_UMWAIT_CONTROL,

	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_FIXED_CTR0, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_FIXED_CTR1,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_FIXED_CTR0 + 2, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_FIXED_CTR0 + 3,
	MSR_CORE_PERF_FIXED_CTR_CTRL, MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_STATUS,
	MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL, MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_OVF_CTRL,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR1,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 2, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 3,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 4, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 5,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 6, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 7,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 8, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 9,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 10, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 11,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 12, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 13,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 14, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 15,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 16, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 17,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL1,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 2, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 3,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 4, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 5,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 6, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 7,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 8, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 9,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 10, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 11,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 12, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 13,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 14, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 15,
	MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 16, MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 17,

	MSR_K7_EVNTSEL0, MSR_K7_EVNTSEL1, MSR_K7_EVNTSEL2, MSR_K7_EVNTSEL3,
	MSR_K7_PERFCTR0, MSR_K7_PERFCTR1, MSR_K7_PERFCTR2, MSR_K7_PERFCTR3,
	MSR_F15H_PERF_CTL0, MSR_F15H_PERF_CTL1, MSR_F15H_PERF_CTL2,
	MSR_F15H_PERF_CTL3, MSR_F15H_PERF_CTL4, MSR_F15H_PERF_CTL5,
	MSR_F15H_PERF_CTR0, MSR_F15H_PERF_CTR1, MSR_F15H_PERF_CTR2,
	MSR_F15H_PERF_CTR3, MSR_F15H_PERF_CTR4, MSR_F15H_PERF_CTR5,
};

static u32 msrs_to_save[ARRAY_SIZE(msrs_to_save_all)];
static unsigned num_msrs_to_save;

static const u32 emulated_msrs_all[] = {
	MSR_KVM_SYSTEM_TIME, MSR_KVM_WALL_CLOCK,
	MSR_KVM_SYSTEM_TIME_NEW, MSR_KVM_WALL_CLOCK_NEW,
	HV_X64_MSR_GUEST_OS_ID, HV_X64_MSR_HYPERCALL,
	HV_X64_MSR_TIME_REF_COUNT, HV_X64_MSR_REFERENCE_TSC,
	HV_X64_MSR_TSC_FREQUENCY, HV_X64_MSR_APIC_FREQUENCY,
	HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_P0, HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_P1, HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_P2,
	HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_P3, HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_P4, HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_CTL,
	HV_X64_MSR_RESET,
	HV_X64_MSR_VP_INDEX,
	HV_X64_MSR_VP_RUNTIME,
	HV_X64_MSR_SCONTROL,
	HV_X64_MSR_STIMER0_CONFIG,
	HV_X64_MSR_VP_ASSIST_PAGE,
	HV_X64_MSR_REENLIGHTENMENT_CONTROL, HV_X64_MSR_TSC_EMULATION_CONTROL,
	HV_X64_MSR_TSC_EMULATION_STATUS,
	HV_X64_MSR_SYNDBG_OPTIONS,
	HV_X64_MSR_SYNDBG_CONTROL, HV_X64_MSR_SYNDBG_STATUS,
	HV_X64_MSR_SYNDBG_SEND_BUFFER, HV_X64_MSR_SYNDBG_RECV_BUFFER,
	HV_X64_MSR_SYNDBG_PENDING_BUFFER,

	MSR_KVM_ASYNC_PF_EN, MSR_KVM_STEAL_TIME,
	MSR_KVM_PV_EOI_EN, MSR_KVM_ASYNC_PF_INT, MSR_KVM_ASYNC_PF_ACK,

	MSR_IA32_TSC_ADJUST,
	MSR_IA32_TSC_DEADLINE,
	MSR_IA32_ARCH_CAPABILITIES,
	MSR_IA32_PERF_CAPABILITIES,
	MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE,
	MSR_IA32_MCG_STATUS,
	MSR_IA32_MCG_CTL,
	MSR_IA32_MCG_EXT_CTL,
	MSR_IA32_SMBASE,
	MSR_SMI_COUNT,
	MSR_PLATFORM_INFO,
	MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES,
	MSR_AMD64_VIRT_SPEC_CTRL,
	MSR_IA32_POWER_CTL,
	MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV,

	/*
	 * The following list leaves out MSRs whose values are determined
	 * by arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c based on CPUID or other MSRs.
	 * We always support the "true" VMX control MSRs, even if the host
	 * processor does not, so I am putting these registers here rather
	 * than in msrs_to_save_all.
	 */
	MSR_IA32_VMX_BASIC,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_TRUE_PINBASED_CTLS,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_TRUE_PROCBASED_CTLS,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_TRUE_EXIT_CTLS,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_TRUE_ENTRY_CTLS,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_MISC,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_CR0_FIXED0,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_CR4_FIXED0,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_VMCS_ENUM,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_PROCBASED_CTLS2,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_EPT_VPID_CAP,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_VMFUNC,

	MSR_K7_HWCR,
	MSR_KVM_POLL_CONTROL,
};

static u32 emulated_msrs[ARRAY_SIZE(emulated_msrs_all)];
static unsigned num_emulated_msrs;

/*
 * List of msr numbers which are used to expose MSR-based features that
 * can be used by a hypervisor to validate requested CPU features.
 */
static const u32 msr_based_features_all[] = {
	MSR_IA32_VMX_BASIC,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_TRUE_PINBASED_CTLS,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_PINBASED_CTLS,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_TRUE_PROCBASED_CTLS,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_PROCBASED_CTLS,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_TRUE_EXIT_CTLS,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_EXIT_CTLS,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_TRUE_ENTRY_CTLS,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_ENTRY_CTLS,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_MISC,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_CR0_FIXED0,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_CR0_FIXED1,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_CR4_FIXED0,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_CR4_FIXED1,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_VMCS_ENUM,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_PROCBASED_CTLS2,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_EPT_VPID_CAP,
	MSR_IA32_VMX_VMFUNC,

	MSR_F10H_DECFG,
	MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV,
	MSR_IA32_ARCH_CAPABILITIES,
	MSR_IA32_PERF_CAPABILITIES,
};

static u32 msr_based_features[ARRAY_SIZE(msr_based_features_all)];
static unsigned int num_msr_based_features;

static u64 kvm_get_arch_capabilities(void)
{
	u64 data = 0;

	if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_ARCH_CAPABILITIES))
		rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_ARCH_CAPABILITIES, data);

	/*
	 * If nx_huge_pages is enabled, KVM's shadow paging will ensure that
	 * the nested hypervisor runs with NX huge pages.  If it is not,
	 * L1 is anyway vulnerable to ITLB_MULTIHIT exploits from other
	 * L1 guests, so it need not worry about its own (L2) guests.
	 */
	data |= ARCH_CAP_PSCHANGE_MC_NO;

	/*
	 * If we're doing cache flushes (either "always" or "cond")
	 * we will do one whenever the guest does a vmlaunch/vmresume.
	 * If an outer hypervisor is doing the cache flush for us
	 * (VMENTER_L1D_FLUSH_NESTED_VM), we can safely pass that
	 * capability to the guest too, and if EPT is disabled we're not
	 * vulnerable.  Overall, only VMENTER_L1D_FLUSH_NEVER will
	 * require a nested hypervisor to do a flush of its own.
	 */
	if (l1tf_vmx_mitigation != VMENTER_L1D_FLUSH_NEVER)
		data |= ARCH_CAP_SKIP_VMENTRY_L1DFLUSH;

	if (!boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_CPU_MELTDOWN))
		data |= ARCH_CAP_RDCL_NO;
	if (!boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS))
		data |= ARCH_CAP_SSB_NO;
	if (!boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_MDS))
		data |= ARCH_CAP_MDS_NO;

	if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RTM)) {
		/*
		 * If RTM=0 because the kernel has disabled TSX, the host might
		 * have TAA_NO or TSX_CTRL.  Clear TAA_NO (the guest sees RTM=0
		 * and therefore knows that there cannot be TAA) but keep
		 * TSX_CTRL: some buggy userspaces leave it set on tsx=on hosts,
		 * and we want to allow migrating those guests to tsx=off hosts.
		 */
		data &= ~ARCH_CAP_TAA_NO;
	} else if (!boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_TAA)) {
		data |= ARCH_CAP_TAA_NO;
	} else {
		/*
		 * Nothing to do here; we emulate TSX_CTRL if present on the
		 * host so the guest can choose between disabling TSX or
		 * using VERW to clear CPU buffers.
		 */
	}

	return data;
}

static int kvm_get_msr_feature(struct kvm_msr_entry *msr)
{
	switch (msr->index) {
	case MSR_IA32_ARCH_CAPABILITIES:
		msr->data = kvm_get_arch_capabilities();
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV:
		rdmsrl_safe(msr->index, &msr->data);
		break;
	default:
		return static_call(kvm_x86_get_msr_feature)(msr);
	}
	return 0;
}

static int do_get_msr_feature(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned index, u64 *data)
{
	struct kvm_msr_entry msr;
	int r;

	msr.index = index;
	r = kvm_get_msr_feature(&msr);

	if (r == KVM_MSR_RET_INVALID) {
		/* Unconditionally clear the output for simplicity */
		*data = 0;
		if (kvm_msr_ignored_check(index, 0, false))
			r = 0;
	}

	if (r)
		return r;

	*data = msr.data;

	return 0;
}

static bool __kvm_valid_efer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 efer)
{
	if (efer & EFER_FFXSR && !guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_FXSR_OPT))
		return false;

	if (efer & EFER_SVME && !guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_SVM))
		return false;

	if (efer & (EFER_LME | EFER_LMA) &&
	    !guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_LM))
		return false;

	if (efer & EFER_NX && !guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_NX))
		return false;

	return true;

}
bool kvm_valid_efer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 efer)
{
	if (efer & efer_reserved_bits)
		return false;

	return __kvm_valid_efer(vcpu, efer);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_valid_efer);

static int set_efer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct msr_data *msr_info)
{
	u64 old_efer = vcpu->arch.efer;
	u64 efer = msr_info->data;
	int r;

	if (efer & efer_reserved_bits)
		return 1;

	if (!msr_info->host_initiated) {
		if (!__kvm_valid_efer(vcpu, efer))
			return 1;

		if (is_paging(vcpu) &&
		    (vcpu->arch.efer & EFER_LME) != (efer & EFER_LME))
			return 1;
	}

	efer &= ~EFER_LMA;
	efer |= vcpu->arch.efer & EFER_LMA;

	r = static_call(kvm_x86_set_efer)(vcpu, efer);
	if (r) {
		WARN_ON(r > 0);
		return r;
	}

	/* Update reserved bits */
	if ((efer ^ old_efer) & EFER_NX)
		kvm_mmu_reset_context(vcpu);

	return 0;
}

void kvm_enable_efer_bits(u64 mask)
{
       efer_reserved_bits &= ~mask;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_enable_efer_bits);

bool kvm_msr_allowed(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 index, u32 type)
{
	struct kvm_x86_msr_filter *msr_filter;
	struct msr_bitmap_range *ranges;
	struct kvm *kvm = vcpu->kvm;
	bool allowed;
	int idx;
	u32 i;

	/* x2APIC MSRs do not support filtering. */
	if (index >= 0x800 && index <= 0x8ff)
		return true;

	idx = srcu_read_lock(&kvm->srcu);

	msr_filter = srcu_dereference(kvm->arch.msr_filter, &kvm->srcu);
	if (!msr_filter) {
		allowed = true;
		goto out;
	}

	allowed = msr_filter->default_allow;
	ranges = msr_filter->ranges;

	for (i = 0; i < msr_filter->count; i++) {
		u32 start = ranges[i].base;
		u32 end = start + ranges[i].nmsrs;
		u32 flags = ranges[i].flags;
		unsigned long *bitmap = ranges[i].bitmap;

		if ((index >= start) && (index < end) && (flags & type)) {
			allowed = !!test_bit(index - start, bitmap);
			break;
		}
	}

out:
	srcu_read_unlock(&kvm->srcu, idx);

	return allowed;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_msr_allowed);

/*
 * Write @data into the MSR specified by @index.  Select MSR specific fault
 * checks are bypassed if @host_initiated is %true.
 * Returns 0 on success, non-0 otherwise.
 * Assumes vcpu_load() was already called.
 */
static int __kvm_set_msr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 index, u64 data,
			 bool host_initiated)
{
	struct msr_data msr;

	if (!host_initiated && !kvm_msr_allowed(vcpu, index, KVM_MSR_FILTER_WRITE))
		return KVM_MSR_RET_FILTERED;

	switch (index) {
	case MSR_FS_BASE:
	case MSR_GS_BASE:
	case MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE:
	case MSR_CSTAR:
	case MSR_LSTAR:
		if (is_noncanonical_address(data, vcpu))
			return 1;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_EIP:
	case MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_ESP:
		/*
		 * IA32_SYSENTER_ESP and IA32_SYSENTER_EIP cause #GP if
		 * non-canonical address is written on Intel but not on
		 * AMD (which ignores the top 32-bits, because it does
		 * not implement 64-bit SYSENTER).
		 *
		 * 64-bit code should hence be able to write a non-canonical
		 * value on AMD.  Making the address canonical ensures that
		 * vmentry does not fail on Intel after writing a non-canonical
		 * value, and that something deterministic happens if the guest
		 * invokes 64-bit SYSENTER.
		 */
		data = get_canonical(data, vcpu_virt_addr_bits(vcpu));
		break;
	case MSR_TSC_AUX:
		if (!kvm_is_supported_user_return_msr(MSR_TSC_AUX))
			return 1;

		if (!host_initiated &&
		    !guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_RDTSCP) &&
		    !guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_RDPID))
			return 1;

		/*
		 * Per Intel's SDM, bits 63:32 are reserved, but AMD's APM has
		 * incomplete and conflicting architectural behavior.  Current
		 * AMD CPUs completely ignore bits 63:32, i.e. they aren't
		 * reserved and always read as zeros.  Enforce Intel's reserved
		 * bits check if and only if the guest CPU is Intel, and clear
		 * the bits in all other cases.  This ensures cross-vendor
		 * migration will provide consistent behavior for the guest.
		 */
		if (guest_cpuid_is_intel(vcpu) && (data >> 32) != 0)
			return 1;

		data = (u32)data;
		break;
	}

	msr.data = data;
	msr.index = index;
	msr.host_initiated = host_initiated;

	return static_call(kvm_x86_set_msr)(vcpu, &msr);
}

static int kvm_set_msr_ignored_check(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				     u32 index, u64 data, bool host_initiated)
{
	int ret = __kvm_set_msr(vcpu, index, data, host_initiated);

	if (ret == KVM_MSR_RET_INVALID)
		if (kvm_msr_ignored_check(index, data, true))
			ret = 0;

	return ret;
}

/*
 * Read the MSR specified by @index into @data.  Select MSR specific fault
 * checks are bypassed if @host_initiated is %true.
 * Returns 0 on success, non-0 otherwise.
 * Assumes vcpu_load() was already called.
 */
int __kvm_get_msr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 index, u64 *data,
		  bool host_initiated)
{
	struct msr_data msr;
	int ret;

	if (!host_initiated && !kvm_msr_allowed(vcpu, index, KVM_MSR_FILTER_READ))
		return KVM_MSR_RET_FILTERED;

	switch (index) {
	case MSR_TSC_AUX:
		if (!kvm_is_supported_user_return_msr(MSR_TSC_AUX))
			return 1;

		if (!host_initiated &&
		    !guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_RDTSCP) &&
		    !guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_RDPID))
			return 1;
		break;
	}

	msr.index = index;
	msr.host_initiated = host_initiated;

	ret = static_call(kvm_x86_get_msr)(vcpu, &msr);
	if (!ret)
		*data = msr.data;
	return ret;
}

static int kvm_get_msr_ignored_check(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				     u32 index, u64 *data, bool host_initiated)
{
	int ret = __kvm_get_msr(vcpu, index, data, host_initiated);

	if (ret == KVM_MSR_RET_INVALID) {
		/* Unconditionally clear *data for simplicity */
		*data = 0;
		if (kvm_msr_ignored_check(index, 0, false))
			ret = 0;
	}

	return ret;
}

int kvm_get_msr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 index, u64 *data)
{
	return kvm_get_msr_ignored_check(vcpu, index, data, false);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_get_msr);

int kvm_set_msr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 index, u64 data)
{
	return kvm_set_msr_ignored_check(vcpu, index, data, false);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_set_msr);

static int complete_emulated_rdmsr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	int err = vcpu->run->msr.error;
	if (!err) {
		kvm_rax_write(vcpu, (u32)vcpu->run->msr.data);
		kvm_rdx_write(vcpu, vcpu->run->msr.data >> 32);
	}

	return static_call(kvm_x86_complete_emulated_msr)(vcpu, err);
}

static int complete_emulated_wrmsr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	return static_call(kvm_x86_complete_emulated_msr)(vcpu, vcpu->run->msr.error);
}

static u64 kvm_msr_reason(int r)
{
	switch (r) {
	case KVM_MSR_RET_INVALID:
		return KVM_MSR_EXIT_REASON_UNKNOWN;
	case KVM_MSR_RET_FILTERED:
		return KVM_MSR_EXIT_REASON_FILTER;
	default:
		return KVM_MSR_EXIT_REASON_INVAL;
	}
}

static int kvm_msr_user_space(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 index,
			      u32 exit_reason, u64 data,
			      int (*completion)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu),
			      int r)
{
	u64 msr_reason = kvm_msr_reason(r);

	/* Check if the user wanted to know about this MSR fault */
	if (!(vcpu->kvm->arch.user_space_msr_mask & msr_reason))
		return 0;

	vcpu->run->exit_reason = exit_reason;
	vcpu->run->msr.error = 0;
	memset(vcpu->run->msr.pad, 0, sizeof(vcpu->run->msr.pad));
	vcpu->run->msr.reason = msr_reason;
	vcpu->run->msr.index = index;
	vcpu->run->msr.data = data;
	vcpu->arch.complete_userspace_io = completion;

	return 1;
}

static int kvm_get_msr_user_space(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 index, int r)
{
	return kvm_msr_user_space(vcpu, index, KVM_EXIT_X86_RDMSR, 0,
				   complete_emulated_rdmsr, r);
}

static int kvm_set_msr_user_space(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 index, u64 data, int r)
{
	return kvm_msr_user_space(vcpu, index, KVM_EXIT_X86_WRMSR, data,
				   complete_emulated_wrmsr, r);
}

int kvm_emulate_rdmsr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	u32 ecx = kvm_rcx_read(vcpu);
	u64 data;
	int r;

	r = kvm_get_msr(vcpu, ecx, &data);

	/* MSR read failed? See if we should ask user space */
	if (r && kvm_get_msr_user_space(vcpu, ecx, r)) {
		/* Bounce to user space */
		return 0;
	}

	if (!r) {
		trace_kvm_msr_read(ecx, data);

		kvm_rax_write(vcpu, data & -1u);
		kvm_rdx_write(vcpu, (data >> 32) & -1u);
	} else {
		trace_kvm_msr_read_ex(ecx);
	}

	return static_call(kvm_x86_complete_emulated_msr)(vcpu, r);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_emulate_rdmsr);

int kvm_emulate_wrmsr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	u32 ecx = kvm_rcx_read(vcpu);
	u64 data = kvm_read_edx_eax(vcpu);
	int r;

	r = kvm_set_msr(vcpu, ecx, data);

	/* MSR write failed? See if we should ask user space */
	if (r && kvm_set_msr_user_space(vcpu, ecx, data, r))
		/* Bounce to user space */
		return 0;

	/* Signal all other negative errors to userspace */
	if (r < 0)
		return r;

	if (!r)
		trace_kvm_msr_write(ecx, data);
	else
		trace_kvm_msr_write_ex(ecx, data);

	return static_call(kvm_x86_complete_emulated_msr)(vcpu, r);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_emulate_wrmsr);

int kvm_emulate_as_nop(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	return kvm_skip_emulated_instruction(vcpu);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_emulate_as_nop);

int kvm_emulate_invd(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	/* Treat an INVD instruction as a NOP and just skip it. */
	return kvm_emulate_as_nop(vcpu);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_emulate_invd);

int kvm_emulate_mwait(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	pr_warn_once("kvm: MWAIT instruction emulated as NOP!\n");
	return kvm_emulate_as_nop(vcpu);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_emulate_mwait);

int kvm_handle_invalid_op(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	kvm_queue_exception(vcpu, UD_VECTOR);
	return 1;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_handle_invalid_op);

int kvm_emulate_monitor(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	pr_warn_once("kvm: MONITOR instruction emulated as NOP!\n");
	return kvm_emulate_as_nop(vcpu);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_emulate_monitor);

static inline bool kvm_vcpu_exit_request(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	xfer_to_guest_mode_prepare();
	return vcpu->mode == EXITING_GUEST_MODE || kvm_request_pending(vcpu) ||
		xfer_to_guest_mode_work_pending();
}

/*
 * The fast path for frequent and performance sensitive wrmsr emulation,
 * i.e. the sending of IPI, sending IPI early in the VM-Exit flow reduces
 * the latency of virtual IPI by avoiding the expensive bits of transitioning
 * from guest to host, e.g. reacquiring KVM's SRCU lock. In contrast to the
 * other cases which must be called after interrupts are enabled on the host.
 */
static int handle_fastpath_set_x2apic_icr_irqoff(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 data)
{
	if (!lapic_in_kernel(vcpu) || !apic_x2apic_mode(vcpu->arch.apic))
		return 1;

	if (((data & APIC_SHORT_MASK) == APIC_DEST_NOSHORT) &&
		((data & APIC_DEST_MASK) == APIC_DEST_PHYSICAL) &&
		((data & APIC_MODE_MASK) == APIC_DM_FIXED) &&
		((u32)(data >> 32) != X2APIC_BROADCAST)) {

		data &= ~(1 << 12);
		kvm_apic_send_ipi(vcpu->arch.apic, (u32)data, (u32)(data >> 32));
		kvm_lapic_set_reg(vcpu->arch.apic, APIC_ICR2, (u32)(data >> 32));
		kvm_lapic_set_reg(vcpu->arch.apic, APIC_ICR, (u32)data);
		trace_kvm_apic_write(APIC_ICR, (u32)data);
		return 0;
	}

	return 1;
}

static int handle_fastpath_set_tscdeadline(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 data)
{
	if (!kvm_can_use_hv_timer(vcpu))
		return 1;

	kvm_set_lapic_tscdeadline_msr(vcpu, data);
	return 0;
}

fastpath_t handle_fastpath_set_msr_irqoff(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	u32 msr = kvm_rcx_read(vcpu);
	u64 data;
	fastpath_t ret = EXIT_FASTPATH_NONE;

	switch (msr) {
	case APIC_BASE_MSR + (APIC_ICR >> 4):
		data = kvm_read_edx_eax(vcpu);
		if (!handle_fastpath_set_x2apic_icr_irqoff(vcpu, data)) {
			kvm_skip_emulated_instruction(vcpu);
			ret = EXIT_FASTPATH_EXIT_HANDLED;
		}
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_TSC_DEADLINE:
		data = kvm_read_edx_eax(vcpu);
		if (!handle_fastpath_set_tscdeadline(vcpu, data)) {
			kvm_skip_emulated_instruction(vcpu);
			ret = EXIT_FASTPATH_REENTER_GUEST;
		}
		break;
	default:
		break;
	}

	if (ret != EXIT_FASTPATH_NONE)
		trace_kvm_msr_write(msr, data);

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_fastpath_set_msr_irqoff);

/*
 * Adapt set_msr() to msr_io()'s calling convention
 */
static int do_get_msr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned index, u64 *data)
{
	return kvm_get_msr_ignored_check(vcpu, index, data, true);
}

static int do_set_msr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned index, u64 *data)
{
	return kvm_set_msr_ignored_check(vcpu, index, *data, true);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
struct pvclock_clock {
	int vclock_mode;
	u64 cycle_last;
	u64 mask;
	u32 mult;
	u32 shift;
	u64 base_cycles;
	u64 offset;
};

struct pvclock_gtod_data {
	seqcount_t	seq;

	struct pvclock_clock clock; /* extract of a clocksource struct */
	struct pvclock_clock raw_clock; /* extract of a clocksource struct */

	ktime_t		offs_boot;
	u64		wall_time_sec;
};

static struct pvclock_gtod_data pvclock_gtod_data;

static void update_pvclock_gtod(struct timekeeper *tk)
{
	struct pvclock_gtod_data *vdata = &pvclock_gtod_data;

	write_seqcount_begin(&vdata->seq);

	/* copy pvclock gtod data */
	vdata->clock.vclock_mode	= tk->tkr_mono.clock->vdso_clock_mode;
	vdata->clock.cycle_last		= tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last;
	vdata->clock.mask		= tk->tkr_mono.mask;
	vdata->clock.mult		= tk->tkr_mono.mult;
	vdata->clock.shift		= tk->tkr_mono.shift;
	vdata->clock.base_cycles	= tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec;
	vdata->clock.offset		= tk->tkr_mono.base;

	vdata->raw_clock.vclock_mode	= tk->tkr_raw.clock->vdso_clock_mode;
	vdata->raw_clock.cycle_last	= tk->tkr_raw.cycle_last;
	vdata->raw_clock.mask		= tk->tkr_raw.mask;
	vdata->raw_clock.mult		= tk->tkr_raw.mult;
	vdata->raw_clock.shift		= tk->tkr_raw.shift;
	vdata->raw_clock.base_cycles	= tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec;
	vdata->raw_clock.offset		= tk->tkr_raw.base;

	vdata->wall_time_sec            = tk->xtime_sec;

	vdata->offs_boot		= tk->offs_boot;

	write_seqcount_end(&vdata->seq);
}

static s64 get_kvmclock_base_ns(void)
{
	/* Count up from boot time, but with the frequency of the raw clock.  */
	return ktime_to_ns(ktime_add(ktime_get_raw(), pvclock_gtod_data.offs_boot));
}
#else
static s64 get_kvmclock_base_ns(void)
{
	/* Master clock not used, so we can just use CLOCK_BOOTTIME.  */
	return ktime_get_boottime_ns();
}
#endif

void kvm_write_wall_clock(struct kvm *kvm, gpa_t wall_clock, int sec_hi_ofs)
{
	int version;
	int r;
	struct pvclock_wall_clock wc;
	u32 wc_sec_hi;
	u64 wall_nsec;

	if (!wall_clock)
		return;

	r = kvm_read_guest(kvm, wall_clock, &version, sizeof(version));
	if (r)
		return;

	if (version & 1)
		++version;  /* first time write, random junk */

	++version;

	if (kvm_write_guest(kvm, wall_clock, &version, sizeof(version)))
		return;

	/*
	 * The guest calculates current wall clock time by adding
	 * system time (updated by kvm_guest_time_update below) to the
	 * wall clock specified here.  We do the reverse here.
	 */
	wall_nsec = ktime_get_real_ns() - get_kvmclock_ns(kvm);

	wc.nsec = do_div(wall_nsec, 1000000000);
	wc.sec = (u32)wall_nsec; /* overflow in 2106 guest time */
	wc.version = version;

	kvm_write_guest(kvm, wall_clock, &wc, sizeof(wc));

	if (sec_hi_ofs) {
		wc_sec_hi = wall_nsec >> 32;
		kvm_write_guest(kvm, wall_clock + sec_hi_ofs,
				&wc_sec_hi, sizeof(wc_sec_hi));
	}

	version++;
	kvm_write_guest(kvm, wall_clock, &version, sizeof(version));
}

static void kvm_write_system_time(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t system_time,
				  bool old_msr, bool host_initiated)
{
	struct kvm_arch *ka = &vcpu->kvm->arch;

	if (vcpu->vcpu_id == 0 && !host_initiated) {
		if (ka->boot_vcpu_runs_old_kvmclock != old_msr)
			kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_MASTERCLOCK_UPDATE, vcpu);

		ka->boot_vcpu_runs_old_kvmclock = old_msr;
	}

	vcpu->arch.time = system_time;
	kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_GLOBAL_CLOCK_UPDATE, vcpu);

	/* we verify if the enable bit is set... */
	vcpu->arch.pv_time_enabled = false;
	if (!(system_time & 1))
		return;

	if (!kvm_gfn_to_hva_cache_init(vcpu->kvm,
				       &vcpu->arch.pv_time, system_time & ~1ULL,
				       sizeof(struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info)))
		vcpu->arch.pv_time_enabled = true;

	return;
}

static uint32_t div_frac(uint32_t dividend, uint32_t divisor)
{
	do_shl32_div32(dividend, divisor);
	return dividend;
}

static void kvm_get_time_scale(uint64_t scaled_hz, uint64_t base_hz,
			       s8 *pshift, u32 *pmultiplier)
{
	uint64_t scaled64;
	int32_t  shift = 0;
	uint64_t tps64;
	uint32_t tps32;

	tps64 = base_hz;
	scaled64 = scaled_hz;
	while (tps64 > scaled64*2 || tps64 & 0xffffffff00000000ULL) {
		tps64 >>= 1;
		shift--;
	}

	tps32 = (uint32_t)tps64;
	while (tps32 <= scaled64 || scaled64 & 0xffffffff00000000ULL) {
		if (scaled64 & 0xffffffff00000000ULL || tps32 & 0x80000000)
			scaled64 >>= 1;
		else
			tps32 <<= 1;
		shift++;
	}

	*pshift = shift;
	*pmultiplier = div_frac(scaled64, tps32);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
static atomic_t kvm_guest_has_master_clock = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
#endif

static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, cpu_tsc_khz);
static unsigned long max_tsc_khz;

static u32 adjust_tsc_khz(u32 khz, s32 ppm)
{
	u64 v = (u64)khz * (1000000 + ppm);
	do_div(v, 1000000);
	return v;
}

static void kvm_vcpu_write_tsc_multiplier(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 l1_multiplier);

static int set_tsc_khz(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 user_tsc_khz, bool scale)
{
	u64 ratio;

	/* Guest TSC same frequency as host TSC? */
	if (!scale) {
		kvm_vcpu_write_tsc_multiplier(vcpu, kvm_default_tsc_scaling_ratio);
		return 0;
	}

	/* TSC scaling supported? */
	if (!kvm_has_tsc_control) {
		if (user_tsc_khz > tsc_khz) {
			vcpu->arch.tsc_catchup = 1;
			vcpu->arch.tsc_always_catchup = 1;
			return 0;
		} else {
			pr_warn_ratelimited("user requested TSC rate below hardware speed\n");
			return -1;
		}
	}

	/* TSC scaling required  - calculate ratio */
	ratio = mul_u64_u32_div(1ULL << kvm_tsc_scaling_ratio_frac_bits,
				user_tsc_khz, tsc_khz);

	if (ratio == 0 || ratio >= kvm_max_tsc_scaling_ratio) {
		pr_warn_ratelimited("Invalid TSC scaling ratio - virtual-tsc-khz=%u\n",
			            user_tsc_khz);
		return -1;
	}

	kvm_vcpu_write_tsc_multiplier(vcpu, ratio);
	return 0;
}

static int kvm_set_tsc_khz(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 user_tsc_khz)
{
	u32 thresh_lo, thresh_hi;
	int use_scaling = 0;

	/* tsc_khz can be zero if TSC calibration fails */
	if (user_tsc_khz == 0) {
		/* set tsc_scaling_ratio to a safe value */
		kvm_vcpu_write_tsc_multiplier(vcpu, kvm_default_tsc_scaling_ratio);
		return -1;
	}

	/* Compute a scale to convert nanoseconds in TSC cycles */
	kvm_get_time_scale(user_tsc_khz * 1000LL, NSEC_PER_SEC,
			   &vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_shift,
			   &vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_mult);
	vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_khz = user_tsc_khz;

	/*
	 * Compute the variation in TSC rate which is acceptable
	 * within the range of tolerance and decide if the
	 * rate being applied is within that bounds of the hardware
	 * rate.  If so, no scaling or compensation need be done.
	 */
	thresh_lo = adjust_tsc_khz(tsc_khz, -tsc_tolerance_ppm);
	thresh_hi = adjust_tsc_khz(tsc_khz, tsc_tolerance_ppm);
	if (user_tsc_khz < thresh_lo || user_tsc_khz > thresh_hi) {
		pr_debug("kvm: requested TSC rate %u falls outside tolerance [%u,%u]\n", user_tsc_khz, thresh_lo, thresh_hi);
		use_scaling = 1;
	}
	return set_tsc_khz(vcpu, user_tsc_khz, use_scaling);
}

static u64 compute_guest_tsc(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, s64 kernel_ns)
{
	u64 tsc = pvclock_scale_delta(kernel_ns-vcpu->arch.this_tsc_nsec,
				      vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_mult,
				      vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_shift);
	tsc += vcpu->arch.this_tsc_write;
	return tsc;
}

static inline int gtod_is_based_on_tsc(int mode)
{
	return mode == VDSO_CLOCKMODE_TSC || mode == VDSO_CLOCKMODE_HVCLOCK;
}

static void kvm_track_tsc_matching(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	bool vcpus_matched;
	struct kvm_arch *ka = &vcpu->kvm->arch;
	struct pvclock_gtod_data *gtod = &pvclock_gtod_data;

	vcpus_matched = (ka->nr_vcpus_matched_tsc + 1 ==
			 atomic_read(&vcpu->kvm->online_vcpus));

	/*
	 * Once the masterclock is enabled, always perform request in
	 * order to update it.
	 *
	 * In order to enable masterclock, the host clocksource must be TSC
	 * and the vcpus need to have matched TSCs.  When that happens,
	 * perform request to enable masterclock.
	 */
	if (ka->use_master_clock ||
	    (gtod_is_based_on_tsc(gtod->clock.vclock_mode) && vcpus_matched))
		kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_MASTERCLOCK_UPDATE, vcpu);

	trace_kvm_track_tsc(vcpu->vcpu_id, ka->nr_vcpus_matched_tsc,
			    atomic_read(&vcpu->kvm->online_vcpus),
		            ka->use_master_clock, gtod->clock.vclock_mode);
#endif
}

/*
 * Multiply tsc by a fixed point number represented by ratio.
 *
 * The most significant 64-N bits (mult) of ratio represent the
 * integral part of the fixed point number; the remaining N bits
 * (frac) represent the fractional part, ie. ratio represents a fixed
 * point number (mult + frac * 2^(-N)).
 *
 * N equals to kvm_tsc_scaling_ratio_frac_bits.
 */
static inline u64 __scale_tsc(u64 ratio, u64 tsc)
{
	return mul_u64_u64_shr(tsc, ratio, kvm_tsc_scaling_ratio_frac_bits);
}

u64 kvm_scale_tsc(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 tsc, u64 ratio)
{
	u64 _tsc = tsc;

	if (ratio != kvm_default_tsc_scaling_ratio)
		_tsc = __scale_tsc(ratio, tsc);

	return _tsc;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_scale_tsc);

static u64 kvm_compute_l1_tsc_offset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 target_tsc)
{
	u64 tsc;

	tsc = kvm_scale_tsc(vcpu, rdtsc(), vcpu->arch.l1_tsc_scaling_ratio);

	return target_tsc - tsc;
}

u64 kvm_read_l1_tsc(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 host_tsc)
{
	return vcpu->arch.l1_tsc_offset +
		kvm_scale_tsc(vcpu, host_tsc, vcpu->arch.l1_tsc_scaling_ratio);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_read_l1_tsc);

u64 kvm_calc_nested_tsc_offset(u64 l1_offset, u64 l2_offset, u64 l2_multiplier)
{
	u64 nested_offset;

	if (l2_multiplier == kvm_default_tsc_scaling_ratio)
		nested_offset = l1_offset;
	else
		nested_offset = mul_s64_u64_shr((s64) l1_offset, l2_multiplier,
						kvm_tsc_scaling_ratio_frac_bits);

	nested_offset += l2_offset;
	return nested_offset;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_calc_nested_tsc_offset);

u64 kvm_calc_nested_tsc_multiplier(u64 l1_multiplier, u64 l2_multiplier)
{
	if (l2_multiplier != kvm_default_tsc_scaling_ratio)
		return mul_u64_u64_shr(l1_multiplier, l2_multiplier,
				       kvm_tsc_scaling_ratio_frac_bits);

	return l1_multiplier;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_calc_nested_tsc_multiplier);

static void kvm_vcpu_write_tsc_offset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 l1_offset)
{
	trace_kvm_write_tsc_offset(vcpu->vcpu_id,
				   vcpu->arch.l1_tsc_offset,
				   l1_offset);

	vcpu->arch.l1_tsc_offset = l1_offset;

	/*
	 * If we are here because L1 chose not to trap WRMSR to TSC then
	 * according to the spec this should set L1's TSC (as opposed to
	 * setting L1's offset for L2).
	 */
	if (is_guest_mode(vcpu))
		vcpu->arch.tsc_offset = kvm_calc_nested_tsc_offset(
			l1_offset,
			static_call(kvm_x86_get_l2_tsc_offset)(vcpu),
			static_call(kvm_x86_get_l2_tsc_multiplier)(vcpu));
	else
		vcpu->arch.tsc_offset = l1_offset;

	static_call(kvm_x86_write_tsc_offset)(vcpu, vcpu->arch.tsc_offset);
}

static void kvm_vcpu_write_tsc_multiplier(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 l1_multiplier)
{
	vcpu->arch.l1_tsc_scaling_ratio = l1_multiplier;

	/* Userspace is changing the multiplier while L2 is active */
	if (is_guest_mode(vcpu))
		vcpu->arch.tsc_scaling_ratio = kvm_calc_nested_tsc_multiplier(
			l1_multiplier,
			static_call(kvm_x86_get_l2_tsc_multiplier)(vcpu));
	else
		vcpu->arch.tsc_scaling_ratio = l1_multiplier;

	if (kvm_has_tsc_control)
		static_call(kvm_x86_write_tsc_multiplier)(
			vcpu, vcpu->arch.tsc_scaling_ratio);
}

static inline bool kvm_check_tsc_unstable(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	/*
	 * TSC is marked unstable when we're running on Hyper-V,
	 * 'TSC page' clocksource is good.
	 */
	if (pvclock_gtod_data.clock.vclock_mode == VDSO_CLOCKMODE_HVCLOCK)
		return false;
#endif
	return check_tsc_unstable();
}

static void kvm_synchronize_tsc(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 data)
{
	struct kvm *kvm = vcpu->kvm;
	u64 offset, ns, elapsed;
	unsigned long flags;
	bool matched;
	bool already_matched;
	bool synchronizing = false;

	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&kvm->arch.tsc_write_lock, flags);
	offset = kvm_compute_l1_tsc_offset(vcpu, data);
	ns = get_kvmclock_base_ns();
	elapsed = ns - kvm->arch.last_tsc_nsec;

	if (vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_khz) {
		if (data == 0) {
			/*
			 * detection of vcpu initialization -- need to sync
			 * with other vCPUs. This particularly helps to keep
			 * kvm_clock stable after CPU hotplug
			 */
			synchronizing = true;
		} else {
			u64 tsc_exp = kvm->arch.last_tsc_write +
						nsec_to_cycles(vcpu, elapsed);
			u64 tsc_hz = vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_khz * 1000LL;
			/*
			 * Special case: TSC write with a small delta (1 second)
			 * of virtual cycle time against real time is
			 * interpreted as an attempt to synchronize the CPU.
			 */
			synchronizing = data < tsc_exp + tsc_hz &&
					data + tsc_hz > tsc_exp;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * For a reliable TSC, we can match TSC offsets, and for an unstable
	 * TSC, we add elapsed time in this computation.  We could let the
	 * compensation code attempt to catch up if we fall behind, but
	 * it's better to try to match offsets from the beginning.
         */
	if (synchronizing &&
	    vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_khz == kvm->arch.last_tsc_khz) {
		if (!kvm_check_tsc_unstable()) {
			offset = kvm->arch.cur_tsc_offset;
		} else {
			u64 delta = nsec_to_cycles(vcpu, elapsed);
			data += delta;
			offset = kvm_compute_l1_tsc_offset(vcpu, data);
		}
		matched = true;
		already_matched = (vcpu->arch.this_tsc_generation == kvm->arch.cur_tsc_generation);
	} else {
		/*
		 * We split periods of matched TSC writes into generations.
		 * For each generation, we track the original measured
		 * nanosecond time, offset, and write, so if TSCs are in
		 * sync, we can match exact offset, and if not, we can match
		 * exact software computation in compute_guest_tsc()
		 *
		 * These values are tracked in kvm->arch.cur_xxx variables.
		 */
		kvm->arch.cur_tsc_generation++;
		kvm->arch.cur_tsc_nsec = ns;
		kvm->arch.cur_tsc_write = data;
		kvm->arch.cur_tsc_offset = offset;
		matched = false;
	}

	/*
	 * We also track th most recent recorded KHZ, write and time to
	 * allow the matching interval to be extended at each write.
	 */
	kvm->arch.last_tsc_nsec = ns;
	kvm->arch.last_tsc_write = data;
	kvm->arch.last_tsc_khz = vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_khz;

	vcpu->arch.last_guest_tsc = data;

	/* Keep track of which generation this VCPU has synchronized to */
	vcpu->arch.this_tsc_generation = kvm->arch.cur_tsc_generation;
	vcpu->arch.this_tsc_nsec = kvm->arch.cur_tsc_nsec;
	vcpu->arch.this_tsc_write = kvm->arch.cur_tsc_write;

	kvm_vcpu_write_tsc_offset(vcpu, offset);
	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&kvm->arch.tsc_write_lock, flags);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&kvm->arch.pvclock_gtod_sync_lock, flags);
	if (!matched) {
		kvm->arch.nr_vcpus_matched_tsc = 0;
	} else if (!already_matched) {
		kvm->arch.nr_vcpus_matched_tsc++;
	}

	kvm_track_tsc_matching(vcpu);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&kvm->arch.pvclock_gtod_sync_lock, flags);
}

static inline void adjust_tsc_offset_guest(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
					   s64 adjustment)
{
	u64 tsc_offset = vcpu->arch.l1_tsc_offset;
	kvm_vcpu_write_tsc_offset(vcpu, tsc_offset + adjustment);
}

static inline void adjust_tsc_offset_host(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, s64 adjustment)
{
	if (vcpu->arch.l1_tsc_scaling_ratio != kvm_default_tsc_scaling_ratio)
		WARN_ON(adjustment < 0);
	adjustment = kvm_scale_tsc(vcpu, (u64) adjustment,
				   vcpu->arch.l1_tsc_scaling_ratio);
	adjust_tsc_offset_guest(vcpu, adjustment);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64

static u64 read_tsc(void)
{
	u64 ret = (u64)rdtsc_ordered();
	u64 last = pvclock_gtod_data.clock.cycle_last;

	if (likely(ret >= last))
		return ret;

	/*
	 * GCC likes to generate cmov here, but this branch is extremely
	 * predictable (it's just a function of time and the likely is
	 * very likely) and there's a data dependence, so force GCC
	 * to generate a branch instead.  I don't barrier() because
	 * we don't actually need a barrier, and if this function
	 * ever gets inlined it will generate worse code.
	 */
	asm volatile ("");
	return last;
}

static inline u64 vgettsc(struct pvclock_clock *clock, u64 *tsc_timestamp,
			  int *mode)
{
	long v;
	u64 tsc_pg_val;

	switch (clock->vclock_mode) {
	case VDSO_CLOCKMODE_HVCLOCK:
		tsc_pg_val = hv_read_tsc_page_tsc(hv_get_tsc_page(),
						  tsc_timestamp);
		if (tsc_pg_val != U64_MAX) {
			/* TSC page valid */
			*mode = VDSO_CLOCKMODE_HVCLOCK;
			v = (tsc_pg_val - clock->cycle_last) &
				clock->mask;
		} else {
			/* TSC page invalid */
			*mode = VDSO_CLOCKMODE_NONE;
		}
		break;
	case VDSO_CLOCKMODE_TSC:
		*mode = VDSO_CLOCKMODE_TSC;
		*tsc_timestamp = read_tsc();
		v = (*tsc_timestamp - clock->cycle_last) &
			clock->mask;
		break;
	default:
		*mode = VDSO_CLOCKMODE_NONE;
	}

	if (*mode == VDSO_CLOCKMODE_NONE)
		*tsc_timestamp = v = 0;

	return v * clock->mult;
}

static int do_monotonic_raw(s64 *t, u64 *tsc_timestamp)
{
	struct pvclock_gtod_data *gtod = &pvclock_gtod_data;
	unsigned long seq;
	int mode;
	u64 ns;

	do {
		seq = read_seqcount_begin(&gtod->seq);
		ns = gtod->raw_clock.base_cycles;
		ns += vgettsc(&gtod->raw_clock, tsc_timestamp, &mode);
		ns >>= gtod->raw_clock.shift;
		ns += ktime_to_ns(ktime_add(gtod->raw_clock.offset, gtod->offs_boot));
	} while (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&gtod->seq, seq)));
	*t = ns;

	return mode;
}

static int do_realtime(struct timespec64 *ts, u64 *tsc_timestamp)
{
	struct pvclock_gtod_data *gtod = &pvclock_gtod_data;
	unsigned long seq;
	int mode;
	u64 ns;

	do {
		seq = read_seqcount_begin(&gtod->seq);
		ts->tv_sec = gtod->wall_time_sec;
		ns = gtod->clock.base_cycles;
		ns += vgettsc(&gtod->clock, tsc_timestamp, &mode);
		ns >>= gtod->clock.shift;
	} while (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&gtod->seq, seq)));

	ts->tv_sec += __iter_div_u64_rem(ns, NSEC_PER_SEC, &ns);
	ts->tv_nsec = ns;

	return mode;
}

/* returns true if host is using TSC based clocksource */
static bool kvm_get_time_and_clockread(s64 *kernel_ns, u64 *tsc_timestamp)
{
	/* checked again under seqlock below */
	if (!gtod_is_based_on_tsc(pvclock_gtod_data.clock.vclock_mode))
		return false;

	return gtod_is_based_on_tsc(do_monotonic_raw(kernel_ns,
						      tsc_timestamp));
}

/* returns true if host is using TSC based clocksource */
static bool kvm_get_walltime_and_clockread(struct timespec64 *ts,
					   u64 *tsc_timestamp)
{
	/* checked again under seqlock below */
	if (!gtod_is_based_on_tsc(pvclock_gtod_data.clock.vclock_mode))
		return false;

	return gtod_is_based_on_tsc(do_realtime(ts, tsc_timestamp));
}
#endif

/*
 *
 * Assuming a stable TSC across physical CPUS, and a stable TSC
 * across virtual CPUs, the following condition is possible.
 * Each numbered line represents an event visible to both
 * CPUs at the next numbered event.
 *
 * "timespecX" represents host monotonic time. "tscX" represents
 * RDTSC value.
 *
 * 		VCPU0 on CPU0		|	VCPU1 on CPU1
 *
 * 1.  read timespec0,tsc0
 * 2.					| timespec1 = timespec0 + N
 * 					| tsc1 = tsc0 + M
 * 3. transition to guest		| transition to guest
 * 4. ret0 = timespec0 + (rdtsc - tsc0) |
 * 5.				        | ret1 = timespec1 + (rdtsc - tsc1)
 * 				        | ret1 = timespec0 + N + (rdtsc - (tsc0 + M))
 *
 * Since ret0 update is visible to VCPU1 at time 5, to obey monotonicity:
 *
 * 	- ret0 < ret1
 *	- timespec0 + (rdtsc - tsc0) < timespec0 + N + (rdtsc - (tsc0 + M))
 *		...
 *	- 0 < N - M => M < N
 *
 * That is, when timespec0 != timespec1, M < N. Unfortunately that is not
 * always the case (the difference between two distinct xtime instances
 * might be smaller then the difference between corresponding TSC reads,
 * when updating guest vcpus pvclock areas).
 *
 * To avoid that problem, do not allow visibility of distinct
 * system_timestamp/tsc_timestamp values simultaneously: use a master
 * copy of host monotonic time values. Update that master copy
 * in lockstep.
 *
 * Rely on synchronization of host TSCs and guest TSCs for monotonicity.
 *
 */

static void pvclock_update_vm_gtod_copy(struct kvm *kvm)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	struct kvm_arch *ka = &kvm->arch;
	int vclock_mode;
	bool host_tsc_clocksource, vcpus_matched;

	vcpus_matched = (ka->nr_vcpus_matched_tsc + 1 ==
			atomic_read(&kvm->online_vcpus));

	/*
	 * If the host uses TSC clock, then passthrough TSC as stable
	 * to the guest.
	 */
	host_tsc_clocksource = kvm_get_time_and_clockread(
					&ka->master_kernel_ns,
					&ka->master_cycle_now);

	ka->use_master_clock = host_tsc_clocksource && vcpus_matched
				&& !ka->backwards_tsc_observed
				&& !ka->boot_vcpu_runs_old_kvmclock;

	if (ka->use_master_clock)
		atomic_set(&kvm_guest_has_master_clock, 1);

	vclock_mode = pvclock_gtod_data.clock.vclock_mode;
	trace_kvm_update_master_clock(ka->use_master_clock, vclock_mode,
					vcpus_matched);
#endif
}

void kvm_make_mclock_inprogress_request(struct kvm *kvm)
{
	kvm_make_all_cpus_request(kvm, KVM_REQ_MCLOCK_INPROGRESS);
}

static void kvm_gen_update_masterclock(struct kvm *kvm)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	int i;
	struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu;
	struct kvm_arch *ka = &kvm->arch;
	unsigned long flags;

	kvm_hv_invalidate_tsc_page(kvm);

	kvm_make_mclock_inprogress_request(kvm);

	/* no guest entries from this point */
	spin_lock_irqsave(&ka->pvclock_gtod_sync_lock, flags);
	pvclock_update_vm_gtod_copy(kvm);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ka->pvclock_gtod_sync_lock, flags);

	kvm_for_each_vcpu(i, vcpu, kvm)
		kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_CLOCK_UPDATE, vcpu);

	/* guest entries allowed */
	kvm_for_each_vcpu(i, vcpu, kvm)
		kvm_clear_request(KVM_REQ_MCLOCK_INPROGRESS, vcpu);
#endif
}

u64 get_kvmclock_ns(struct kvm *kvm)
{
	struct kvm_arch *ka = &kvm->arch;
	struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info hv_clock;
	unsigned long flags;
	u64 ret;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&ka->pvclock_gtod_sync_lock, flags);
	if (!ka->use_master_clock) {
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ka->pvclock_gtod_sync_lock, flags);
		return get_kvmclock_base_ns() + ka->kvmclock_offset;
	}

	hv_clock.tsc_timestamp = ka->master_cycle_now;
	hv_clock.system_time = ka->master_kernel_ns + ka->kvmclock_offset;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ka->pvclock_gtod_sync_lock, flags);

	/* both __this_cpu_read() and rdtsc() should be on the same cpu */
	get_cpu();

	if (__this_cpu_read(cpu_tsc_khz)) {
		kvm_get_time_scale(NSEC_PER_SEC, __this_cpu_read(cpu_tsc_khz) * 1000LL,
				   &hv_clock.tsc_shift,
				   &hv_clock.tsc_to_system_mul);
		ret = __pvclock_read_cycles(&hv_clock, rdtsc());
	} else
		ret = get_kvmclock_base_ns() + ka->kvmclock_offset;

	put_cpu();

	return ret;
}

static void kvm_setup_pvclock_page(struct kvm_vcpu *v,
				   struct gfn_to_hva_cache *cache,
				   unsigned int offset)
{
	struct kvm_vcpu_arch *vcpu = &v->arch;
	struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info guest_hv_clock;

	if (unlikely(kvm_read_guest_offset_cached(v->kvm, cache,
		&guest_hv_clock, offset, sizeof(guest_hv_clock))))
		return;

	/* This VCPU is paused, but it's legal for a guest to read another
	 * VCPU's kvmclock, so we really have to follow the specification where
	 * it says that version is odd if data is being modified, and even after
	 * it is consistent.
	 *
	 * Version field updates must be kept separate.  This is because
	 * kvm_write_guest_cached might use a "rep movs" instruction, and
	 * writes within a string instruction are weakly ordered.  So there
	 * are three writes overall.
	 *
	 * As a small optimization, only write the version field in the first
	 * and third write.  The vcpu->pv_time cache is still valid, because the
	 * version field is the first in the struct.
	 */
	BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info, version) != 0);

	if (guest_hv_clock.version & 1)
		++guest_hv_clock.version;  /* first time write, random junk */

	vcpu->hv_clock.version = guest_hv_clock.version + 1;
	kvm_write_guest_offset_cached(v->kvm, cache,
				      &vcpu->hv_clock, offset,
				      sizeof(vcpu->hv_clock.version));

	smp_wmb();

	/* retain PVCLOCK_GUEST_STOPPED if set in guest copy */
	vcpu->hv_clock.flags |= (guest_hv_clock.flags & PVCLOCK_GUEST_STOPPED);

	if (vcpu->pvclock_set_guest_stopped_request) {
		vcpu->hv_clock.flags |= PVCLOCK_GUEST_STOPPED;
		vcpu->pvclock_set_guest_stopped_request = false;
	}

	trace_kvm_pvclock_update(v->vcpu_id, &vcpu->hv_clock);

	kvm_write_guest_offset_cached(v->kvm, cache,
				      &vcpu->hv_clock, offset,
				      sizeof(vcpu->hv_clock));

	smp_wmb();

	vcpu->hv_clock.version++;
	kvm_write_guest_offset_cached(v->kvm, cache,
				     &vcpu->hv_clock, offset,
				     sizeof(vcpu->hv_clock.version));
}

static int kvm_guest_time_update(struct kvm_vcpu *v)
{
	unsigned long flags, tgt_tsc_khz;
	struct kvm_vcpu_arch *vcpu = &v->arch;
	struct kvm_arch *ka = &v->kvm->arch;
	s64 kernel_ns;
	u64 tsc_timestamp, host_tsc;
	u8 pvclock_flags;
	bool use_master_clock;

	kernel_ns = 0;
	host_tsc = 0;

	/*
	 * If the host uses TSC clock, then passthrough TSC as stable
	 * to the guest.
	 */
	spin_lock_irqsave(&ka->pvclock_gtod_sync_lock, flags);
	use_master_clock = ka->use_master_clock;
	if (use_master_clock) {
		host_tsc = ka->master_cycle_now;
		kernel_ns = ka->master_kernel_ns;
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ka->pvclock_gtod_sync_lock, flags);

	/* Keep irq disabled to prevent changes to the clock */
	local_irq_save(flags);
	tgt_tsc_khz = __this_cpu_read(cpu_tsc_khz);
	if (unlikely(tgt_tsc_khz == 0)) {
		local_irq_restore(flags);
		kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_CLOCK_UPDATE, v);
		return 1;
	}
	if (!use_master_clock) {
		host_tsc = rdtsc();
		kernel_ns = get_kvmclock_base_ns();
	}

	tsc_timestamp = kvm_read_l1_tsc(v, host_tsc);

	/*
	 * We may have to catch up the TSC to match elapsed wall clock
	 * time for two reasons, even if kvmclock is used.
	 *   1) CPU could have been running below the maximum TSC rate
	 *   2) Broken TSC compensation resets the base at each VCPU
	 *      entry to avoid unknown leaps of TSC even when running
	 *      again on the same CPU.  This may cause apparent elapsed
	 *      time to disappear, and the guest to stand still or run
	 *	very slowly.
	 */
	if (vcpu->tsc_catchup) {
		u64 tsc = compute_guest_tsc(v, kernel_ns);
		if (tsc > tsc_timestamp) {
			adjust_tsc_offset_guest(v, tsc - tsc_timestamp);
			tsc_timestamp = tsc;
		}
	}

	local_irq_restore(flags);

	/* With all the info we got, fill in the values */

	if (kvm_has_tsc_control)
		tgt_tsc_khz = kvm_scale_tsc(v, tgt_tsc_khz,
					    v->arch.l1_tsc_scaling_ratio);

	if (unlikely(vcpu->hw_tsc_khz != tgt_tsc_khz)) {
		kvm_get_time_scale(NSEC_PER_SEC, tgt_tsc_khz * 1000LL,
				   &vcpu->hv_clock.tsc_shift,
				   &vcpu->hv_clock.tsc_to_system_mul);
		vcpu->hw_tsc_khz = tgt_tsc_khz;
	}

	vcpu->hv_clock.tsc_timestamp = tsc_timestamp;
	vcpu->hv_clock.system_time = kernel_ns + v->kvm->arch.kvmclock_offset;
	vcpu->last_guest_tsc = tsc_timestamp;

	/* If the host uses TSC clocksource, then it is stable */
	pvclock_flags = 0;
	if (use_master_clock)
		pvclock_flags |= PVCLOCK_TSC_STABLE_BIT;

	vcpu->hv_clock.flags = pvclock_flags;

	if (vcpu->pv_time_enabled)
		kvm_setup_pvclock_page(v, &vcpu->pv_time, 0);
	if (vcpu->xen.vcpu_info_set)
		kvm_setup_pvclock_page(v, &vcpu->xen.vcpu_info_cache,
				       offsetof(struct compat_vcpu_info, time));
	if (vcpu->xen.vcpu_time_info_set)
		kvm_setup_pvclock_page(v, &vcpu->xen.vcpu_time_info_cache, 0);
	if (!v->vcpu_idx)
		kvm_hv_setup_tsc_page(v->kvm, &vcpu->hv_clock);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * kvmclock updates which are isolated to a given vcpu, such as
 * vcpu->cpu migration, should not allow system_timestamp from
 * the rest of the vcpus to remain static. Otherwise ntp frequency
 * correction applies to one vcpu's system_timestamp but not
 * the others.
 *
 * So in those cases, request a kvmclock update for all vcpus.
 * We need to rate-limit these requests though, as they can
 * considerably slow guests that have a large number of vcpus.
 * The time for a remote vcpu to update its kvmclock is bound
 * by the delay we use to rate-limit the updates.
 */

#define KVMCLOCK_UPDATE_DELAY msecs_to_jiffies(100)

static void kvmclock_update_fn(struct work_struct *work)
{
	int i;
	struct delayed_work *dwork = to_delayed_work(work);
	struct kvm_arch *ka = container_of(dwork, struct kvm_arch,
					   kvmclock_update_work);
	struct kvm *kvm = container_of(ka, struct kvm, arch);
	struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu;

	kvm_for_each_vcpu(i, vcpu, kvm) {
		kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_CLOCK_UPDATE, vcpu);
		kvm_vcpu_kick(vcpu);
	}
}

static void kvm_gen_kvmclock_update(struct kvm_vcpu *v)
{
	struct kvm *kvm = v->kvm;

	kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_CLOCK_UPDATE, v);
	schedule_delayed_work(&kvm->arch.kvmclock_update_work,
					KVMCLOCK_UPDATE_DELAY);
}

#define KVMCLOCK_SYNC_PERIOD (300 * HZ)

static void kvmclock_sync_fn(struct work_struct *work)
{
	struct delayed_work *dwork = to_delayed_work(work);
	struct kvm_arch *ka = container_of(dwork, struct kvm_arch,
					   kvmclock_sync_work);
	struct kvm *kvm = container_of(ka, struct kvm, arch);

	if (!kvmclock_periodic_sync)
		return;

	schedule_delayed_work(&kvm->arch.kvmclock_update_work, 0);
	schedule_delayed_work(&kvm->arch.kvmclock_sync_work,
					KVMCLOCK_SYNC_PERIOD);
}

/*
 * On AMD, HWCR[McStatusWrEn] controls whether setting MCi_STATUS results in #GP.
 */
static bool can_set_mci_status(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	/* McStatusWrEn enabled? */
	if (guest_cpuid_is_amd_or_hygon(vcpu))
		return !!(vcpu->arch.msr_hwcr & BIT_ULL(18));

	return false;
}

static int set_msr_mce(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct msr_data *msr_info)
{
	u64 mcg_cap = vcpu->arch.mcg_cap;
	unsigned bank_num = mcg_cap & 0xff;
	u32 msr = msr_info->index;
	u64 data = msr_info->data;

	switch (msr) {
	case MSR_IA32_MCG_STATUS:
		vcpu->arch.mcg_status = data;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_MCG_CTL:
		if (!(mcg_cap & MCG_CTL_P) &&
		    (data || !msr_info->host_initiated))
			return 1;
		if (data != 0 && data != ~(u64)0)
			return 1;
		vcpu->arch.mcg_ctl = data;
		break;
	default:
		if (msr >= MSR_IA32_MC0_CTL &&
		    msr < MSR_IA32_MCx_CTL(bank_num)) {
			u32 offset = array_index_nospec(
				msr - MSR_IA32_MC0_CTL,
				MSR_IA32_MCx_CTL(bank_num) - MSR_IA32_MC0_CTL);

			/* only 0 or all 1s can be written to IA32_MCi_CTL
			 * some Linux kernels though clear bit 10 in bank 4 to
			 * workaround a BIOS/GART TBL issue on AMD K8s, ignore
			 * this to avoid an uncatched #GP in the guest
			 */
			if ((offset & 0x3) == 0 &&
			    data != 0 && (data | (1 << 10)) != ~(u64)0)
				return -1;

			/* MCi_STATUS */
			if (!msr_info->host_initiated &&
			    (offset & 0x3) == 1 && data != 0) {
				if (!can_set_mci_status(vcpu))
					return -1;
			}

			vcpu->arch.mce_banks[offset] = data;
			break;
		}
		return 1;
	}
	return 0;
}

static inline bool kvm_pv_async_pf_enabled(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	u64 mask = KVM_ASYNC_PF_ENABLED | KVM_ASYNC_PF_DELIVERY_AS_INT;

	return (vcpu->arch.apf.msr_en_val & mask) == mask;
}

static int kvm_pv_enable_async_pf(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 data)
{
	gpa_t gpa = data & ~0x3f;

	/* Bits 4:5 are reserved, Should be zero */
	if (data & 0x30)
		return 1;

	if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_ASYNC_PF_VMEXIT) &&
	    (data & KVM_ASYNC_PF_DELIVERY_AS_PF_VMEXIT))
		return 1;

	if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_ASYNC_PF_INT) &&
	    (data & KVM_ASYNC_PF_DELIVERY_AS_INT))
		return 1;

	if (!lapic_in_kernel(vcpu))
		return data ? 1 : 0;

	vcpu->arch.apf.msr_en_val = data;

	if (!kvm_pv_async_pf_enabled(vcpu)) {
		kvm_clear_async_pf_completion_queue(vcpu);
		kvm_async_pf_hash_reset(vcpu);
		return 0;
	}

	if (kvm_gfn_to_hva_cache_init(vcpu->kvm, &vcpu->arch.apf.data, gpa,
					sizeof(u64)))
		return 1;

	vcpu->arch.apf.send_user_only = !(data & KVM_ASYNC_PF_SEND_ALWAYS);
	vcpu->arch.apf.delivery_as_pf_vmexit = data & KVM_ASYNC_PF_DELIVERY_AS_PF_VMEXIT;

	kvm_async_pf_wakeup_all(vcpu);

	return 0;
}

static int kvm_pv_enable_async_pf_int(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 data)
{
	/* Bits 8-63 are reserved */
	if (data >> 8)
		return 1;

	if (!lapic_in_kernel(vcpu))
		return 1;

	vcpu->arch.apf.msr_int_val = data;

	vcpu->arch.apf.vec = data & KVM_ASYNC_PF_VEC_MASK;

	return 0;
}

static void kvmclock_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	vcpu->arch.pv_time_enabled = false;
	vcpu->arch.time = 0;
}

static void kvm_vcpu_flush_tlb_all(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	++vcpu->stat.tlb_flush;
	static_call(kvm_x86_tlb_flush_all)(vcpu);
}

static void kvm_vcpu_flush_tlb_guest(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	++vcpu->stat.tlb_flush;

	if (!tdp_enabled) {
               /*
		 * A TLB flush on behalf of the guest is equivalent to
		 * INVPCID(all), toggling CR4.PGE, etc., which requires
		 * a forced sync of the shadow page tables.  Unload the
		 * entire MMU here and the subsequent load will sync the
		 * shadow page tables, and also flush the TLB.
		 */
		kvm_mmu_unload(vcpu);
		return;
	}

	static_call(kvm_x86_tlb_flush_guest)(vcpu);
}

static void record_steal_time(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	struct kvm_host_map map;
	struct kvm_steal_time *st;

	if (kvm_xen_msr_enabled(vcpu->kvm)) {
		kvm_xen_runstate_set_running(vcpu);
		return;
	}

	if (!(vcpu->arch.st.msr_val & KVM_MSR_ENABLED))
		return;

	/* -EAGAIN is returned in atomic context so we can just return. */
	if (kvm_map_gfn(vcpu, vcpu->arch.st.msr_val >> PAGE_SHIFT,
			&map, &vcpu->arch.st.cache, false))
		return;

	st = map.hva +
		offset_in_page(vcpu->arch.st.msr_val & KVM_STEAL_VALID_BITS);

	/*
	 * Doing a TLB flush here, on the guest's behalf, can avoid
	 * expensive IPIs.
	 */
	if (guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_PV_TLB_FLUSH)) {
		u8 st_preempted = xchg(&st->preempted, 0);

		trace_kvm_pv_tlb_flush(vcpu->vcpu_id,
				       st_preempted & KVM_VCPU_FLUSH_TLB);
		if (st_preempted & KVM_VCPU_FLUSH_TLB)
			kvm_vcpu_flush_tlb_guest(vcpu);
	} else {
		st->preempted = 0;
	}

	vcpu->arch.st.preempted = 0;

	if (st->version & 1)
		st->version += 1;  /* first time write, random junk */

	st->version += 1;

	smp_wmb();

	st->steal += current->sched_info.run_delay -
		vcpu->arch.st.last_steal;
	vcpu->arch.st.last_steal = current->sched_info.run_delay;

	smp_wmb();

	st->version += 1;

	kvm_unmap_gfn(vcpu, &map, &vcpu->arch.st.cache, true, false);
}

int kvm_set_msr_common(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct msr_data *msr_info)
{
	bool pr = false;
	u32 msr = msr_info->index;
	u64 data = msr_info->data;

	if (msr && msr == vcpu->kvm->arch.xen_hvm_config.msr)
		return kvm_xen_write_hypercall_page(vcpu, data);

	switch (msr) {
	case MSR_AMD64_NB_CFG:
	case MSR_IA32_UCODE_WRITE:
	case MSR_VM_HSAVE_PA:
	case MSR_AMD64_PATCH_LOADER:
	case MSR_AMD64_BU_CFG2:
	case MSR_AMD64_DC_CFG:
	case MSR_F15H_EX_CFG:
		break;

	case MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV:
		if (msr_info->host_initiated)
			vcpu->arch.microcode_version = data;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_ARCH_CAPABILITIES:
		if (!msr_info->host_initiated)
			return 1;
		vcpu->arch.arch_capabilities = data;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_PERF_CAPABILITIES: {
		struct kvm_msr_entry msr_ent = {.index = msr, .data = 0};

		if (!msr_info->host_initiated)
			return 1;
		if (guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_PDCM) && kvm_get_msr_feature(&msr_ent))
			return 1;
		if (data & ~msr_ent.data)
			return 1;

		vcpu->arch.perf_capabilities = data;

		return 0;
		}
	case MSR_EFER:
		return set_efer(vcpu, msr_info);
	case MSR_K7_HWCR:
		data &= ~(u64)0x40;	/* ignore flush filter disable */
		data &= ~(u64)0x100;	/* ignore ignne emulation enable */
		data &= ~(u64)0x8;	/* ignore TLB cache disable */

		/* Handle McStatusWrEn */
		if (data == BIT_ULL(18)) {
			vcpu->arch.msr_hwcr = data;
		} else if (data != 0) {
			vcpu_unimpl(vcpu, "unimplemented HWCR wrmsr: 0x%llx\n",
				    data);
			return 1;
		}
		break;
	case MSR_FAM10H_MMIO_CONF_BASE:
		if (data != 0) {
			vcpu_unimpl(vcpu, "unimplemented MMIO_CONF_BASE wrmsr: "
				    "0x%llx\n", data);
			return 1;
		}
		break;
	case 0x200 ... 0x2ff:
		return kvm_mtrr_set_msr(vcpu, msr, data);
	case MSR_IA32_APICBASE:
		return kvm_set_apic_base(vcpu, msr_info);
	case APIC_BASE_MSR ... APIC_BASE_MSR + 0xff:
		return kvm_x2apic_msr_write(vcpu, msr, data);
	case MSR_IA32_TSC_DEADLINE:
		kvm_set_lapic_tscdeadline_msr(vcpu, data);
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_TSC_ADJUST:
		if (guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_TSC_ADJUST)) {
			if (!msr_info->host_initiated) {
				s64 adj = data - vcpu->arch.ia32_tsc_adjust_msr;
				adjust_tsc_offset_guest(vcpu, adj);
				/* Before back to guest, tsc_timestamp must be adjusted
				 * as well, otherwise guest's percpu pvclock time could jump.
				 */
				kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_CLOCK_UPDATE, vcpu);
			}
			vcpu->arch.ia32_tsc_adjust_msr = data;
		}
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE:
		if (!kvm_check_has_quirk(vcpu->kvm, KVM_X86_QUIRK_MISC_ENABLE_NO_MWAIT) &&
		    ((vcpu->arch.ia32_misc_enable_msr ^ data) & MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_MWAIT)) {
			if (!guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_XMM3))
				return 1;
			vcpu->arch.ia32_misc_enable_msr = data;
			kvm_update_cpuid_runtime(vcpu);
		} else {
			vcpu->arch.ia32_misc_enable_msr = data;
		}
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_SMBASE:
		if (!msr_info->host_initiated)
			return 1;
		vcpu->arch.smbase = data;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_POWER_CTL:
		vcpu->arch.msr_ia32_power_ctl = data;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_TSC:
		if (msr_info->host_initiated) {
			kvm_synchronize_tsc(vcpu, data);
		} else {
			u64 adj = kvm_compute_l1_tsc_offset(vcpu, data) - vcpu->arch.l1_tsc_offset;
			adjust_tsc_offset_guest(vcpu, adj);
			vcpu->arch.ia32_tsc_adjust_msr += adj;
		}
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_XSS:
		if (!msr_info->host_initiated &&
		    !guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_XSAVES))
			return 1;
		/*
		 * KVM supports exposing PT to the guest, but does not support
		 * IA32_XSS[bit 8]. Guests have to use RDMSR/WRMSR rather than
		 * XSAVES/XRSTORS to save/restore PT MSRs.
		 */
		if (data & ~supported_xss)
			return 1;
		vcpu->arch.ia32_xss = data;
		break;
	case MSR_SMI_COUNT:
		if (!msr_info->host_initiated)
			return 1;
		vcpu->arch.smi_count = data;
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_WALL_CLOCK_NEW:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_CLOCKSOURCE2))
			return 1;

		vcpu->kvm->arch.wall_clock = data;
		kvm_write_wall_clock(vcpu->kvm, data, 0);
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_WALL_CLOCK:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_CLOCKSOURCE))
			return 1;

		vcpu->kvm->arch.wall_clock = data;
		kvm_write_wall_clock(vcpu->kvm, data, 0);
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_SYSTEM_TIME_NEW:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_CLOCKSOURCE2))
			return 1;

		kvm_write_system_time(vcpu, data, false, msr_info->host_initiated);
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_SYSTEM_TIME:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_CLOCKSOURCE))
			return 1;

		kvm_write_system_time(vcpu, data, true,  msr_info->host_initiated);
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_ASYNC_PF_EN:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_ASYNC_PF))
			return 1;

		if (kvm_pv_enable_async_pf(vcpu, data))
			return 1;
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_ASYNC_PF_INT:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_ASYNC_PF_INT))
			return 1;

		if (kvm_pv_enable_async_pf_int(vcpu, data))
			return 1;
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_ASYNC_PF_ACK:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_ASYNC_PF_INT))
			return 1;
		if (data & 0x1) {
			vcpu->arch.apf.pageready_pending = false;
			kvm_check_async_pf_completion(vcpu);
		}
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_STEAL_TIME:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_STEAL_TIME))
			return 1;

		if (unlikely(!sched_info_on()))
			return 1;

		if (data & KVM_STEAL_RESERVED_MASK)
			return 1;

		vcpu->arch.st.msr_val = data;

		if (!(data & KVM_MSR_ENABLED))
			break;

		kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_STEAL_UPDATE, vcpu);

		break;
	case MSR_KVM_PV_EOI_EN:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_PV_EOI))
			return 1;

		if (kvm_lapic_enable_pv_eoi(vcpu, data, sizeof(u8)))
			return 1;
		break;

	case MSR_KVM_POLL_CONTROL:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_POLL_CONTROL))
			return 1;

		/* only enable bit supported */
		if (data & (-1ULL << 1))
			return 1;

		vcpu->arch.msr_kvm_poll_control = data;
		break;

	case MSR_IA32_MCG_CTL:
	case MSR_IA32_MCG_STATUS:
	case MSR_IA32_MC0_CTL ... MSR_IA32_MCx_CTL(KVM_MAX_MCE_BANKS) - 1:
		return set_msr_mce(vcpu, msr_info);

	case MSR_K7_PERFCTR0 ... MSR_K7_PERFCTR3:
	case MSR_P6_PERFCTR0 ... MSR_P6_PERFCTR1:
		pr = true;
		fallthrough;
	case MSR_K7_EVNTSEL0 ... MSR_K7_EVNTSEL3:
	case MSR_P6_EVNTSEL0 ... MSR_P6_EVNTSEL1:
		if (kvm_pmu_is_valid_msr(vcpu, msr))
			return kvm_pmu_set_msr(vcpu, msr_info);

		if (pr || data != 0)
			vcpu_unimpl(vcpu, "disabled perfctr wrmsr: "
				    "0x%x data 0x%llx\n", msr, data);
		break;
	case MSR_K7_CLK_CTL:
		/*
		 * Ignore all writes to this no longer documented MSR.
		 * Writes are only relevant for old K7 processors,
		 * all pre-dating SVM, but a recommended workaround from
		 * AMD for these chips. It is possible to specify the
		 * affected processor models on the command line, hence
		 * the need to ignore the workaround.
		 */
		break;
	case HV_X64_MSR_GUEST_OS_ID ... HV_X64_MSR_SINT15:
	case HV_X64_MSR_SYNDBG_CONTROL ... HV_X64_MSR_SYNDBG_PENDING_BUFFER:
	case HV_X64_MSR_SYNDBG_OPTIONS:
	case HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_P0 ... HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_P4:
	case HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_CTL:
	case HV_X64_MSR_STIMER0_CONFIG ... HV_X64_MSR_STIMER3_COUNT:
	case HV_X64_MSR_REENLIGHTENMENT_CONTROL:
	case HV_X64_MSR_TSC_EMULATION_CONTROL:
	case HV_X64_MSR_TSC_EMULATION_STATUS:
		return kvm_hv_set_msr_common(vcpu, msr, data,
					     msr_info->host_initiated);
	case MSR_IA32_BBL_CR_CTL3:
		/* Drop writes to this legacy MSR -- see rdmsr
		 * counterpart for further detail.
		 */
		if (report_ignored_msrs)
			vcpu_unimpl(vcpu, "ignored wrmsr: 0x%x data 0x%llx\n",
				msr, data);
		break;
	case MSR_AMD64_OSVW_ID_LENGTH:
		if (!guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_OSVW))
			return 1;
		vcpu->arch.osvw.length = data;
		break;
	case MSR_AMD64_OSVW_STATUS:
		if (!guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_OSVW))
			return 1;
		vcpu->arch.osvw.status = data;
		break;
	case MSR_PLATFORM_INFO:
		if (!msr_info->host_initiated ||
		    (!(data & MSR_PLATFORM_INFO_CPUID_FAULT) &&
		     cpuid_fault_enabled(vcpu)))
			return 1;
		vcpu->arch.msr_platform_info = data;
		break;
	case MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES:
		if (data & ~MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES_CPUID_FAULT ||
		    (data & MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES_CPUID_FAULT &&
		     !supports_cpuid_fault(vcpu)))
			return 1;
		vcpu->arch.msr_misc_features_enables = data;
		break;
	default:
		if (kvm_pmu_is_valid_msr(vcpu, msr))
			return kvm_pmu_set_msr(vcpu, msr_info);
		return KVM_MSR_RET_INVALID;
	}
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_set_msr_common);

static int get_msr_mce(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 msr, u64 *pdata, bool host)
{
	u64 data;
	u64 mcg_cap = vcpu->arch.mcg_cap;
	unsigned bank_num = mcg_cap & 0xff;

	switch (msr) {
	case MSR_IA32_P5_MC_ADDR:
	case MSR_IA32_P5_MC_TYPE:
		data = 0;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_MCG_CAP:
		data = vcpu->arch.mcg_cap;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_MCG_CTL:
		if (!(mcg_cap & MCG_CTL_P) && !host)
			return 1;
		data = vcpu->arch.mcg_ctl;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_MCG_STATUS:
		data = vcpu->arch.mcg_status;
		break;
	default:
		if (msr >= MSR_IA32_MC0_CTL &&
		    msr < MSR_IA32_MCx_CTL(bank_num)) {
			u32 offset = array_index_nospec(
				msr - MSR_IA32_MC0_CTL,
				MSR_IA32_MCx_CTL(bank_num) - MSR_IA32_MC0_CTL);

			data = vcpu->arch.mce_banks[offset];
			break;
		}
		return 1;
	}
	*pdata = data;
	return 0;
}

int kvm_get_msr_common(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct msr_data *msr_info)
{
	switch (msr_info->index) {
	case MSR_IA32_PLATFORM_ID:
	case MSR_IA32_EBL_CR_POWERON:
	case MSR_IA32_LASTBRANCHFROMIP:
	case MSR_IA32_LASTBRANCHTOIP:
	case MSR_IA32_LASTINTFROMIP:
	case MSR_IA32_LASTINTTOIP:
	case MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG:
	case MSR_K8_TSEG_ADDR:
	case MSR_K8_TSEG_MASK:
	case MSR_VM_HSAVE_PA:
	case MSR_K8_INT_PENDING_MSG:
	case MSR_AMD64_NB_CFG:
	case MSR_FAM10H_MMIO_CONF_BASE:
	case MSR_AMD64_BU_CFG2:
	case MSR_IA32_PERF_CTL:
	case MSR_AMD64_DC_CFG:
	case MSR_F15H_EX_CFG:
	/*
	 * Intel Sandy Bridge CPUs must support the RAPL (running average power
	 * limit) MSRs. Just return 0, as we do not want to expose the host
	 * data here. Do not conditionalize this on CPUID, as KVM does not do
	 * so for existing CPU-specific MSRs.
	 */
	case MSR_RAPL_POWER_UNIT:
	case MSR_PP0_ENERGY_STATUS:	/* Power plane 0 (core) */
	case MSR_PP1_ENERGY_STATUS:	/* Power plane 1 (graphics uncore) */
	case MSR_PKG_ENERGY_STATUS:	/* Total package */
	case MSR_DRAM_ENERGY_STATUS:	/* DRAM controller */
		msr_info->data = 0;
		break;
	case MSR_F15H_PERF_CTL0 ... MSR_F15H_PERF_CTR5:
		if (kvm_pmu_is_valid_msr(vcpu, msr_info->index))
			return kvm_pmu_get_msr(vcpu, msr_info);
		if (!msr_info->host_initiated)
			return 1;
		msr_info->data = 0;
		break;
	case MSR_K7_EVNTSEL0 ... MSR_K7_EVNTSEL3:
	case MSR_K7_PERFCTR0 ... MSR_K7_PERFCTR3:
	case MSR_P6_PERFCTR0 ... MSR_P6_PERFCTR1:
	case MSR_P6_EVNTSEL0 ... MSR_P6_EVNTSEL1:
		if (kvm_pmu_is_valid_msr(vcpu, msr_info->index))
			return kvm_pmu_get_msr(vcpu, msr_info);
		msr_info->data = 0;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV:
		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.microcode_version;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_ARCH_CAPABILITIES:
		if (!msr_info->host_initiated &&
		    !guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_ARCH_CAPABILITIES))
			return 1;
		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.arch_capabilities;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_PERF_CAPABILITIES:
		if (!msr_info->host_initiated &&
		    !guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_PDCM))
			return 1;
		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.perf_capabilities;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_POWER_CTL:
		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.msr_ia32_power_ctl;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_TSC: {
		/*
		 * Intel SDM states that MSR_IA32_TSC read adds the TSC offset
		 * even when not intercepted. AMD manual doesn't explicitly
		 * state this but appears to behave the same.
		 *
		 * On userspace reads and writes, however, we unconditionally
		 * return L1's TSC value to ensure backwards-compatible
		 * behavior for migration.
		 */
		u64 offset, ratio;

		if (msr_info->host_initiated) {
			offset = vcpu->arch.l1_tsc_offset;
			ratio = vcpu->arch.l1_tsc_scaling_ratio;
		} else {
			offset = vcpu->arch.tsc_offset;
			ratio = vcpu->arch.tsc_scaling_ratio;
		}

		msr_info->data = kvm_scale_tsc(vcpu, rdtsc(), ratio) + offset;
		break;
	}
	case MSR_MTRRcap:
	case 0x200 ... 0x2ff:
		return kvm_mtrr_get_msr(vcpu, msr_info->index, &msr_info->data);
	case 0xcd: /* fsb frequency */
		msr_info->data = 3;
		break;
		/*
		 * MSR_EBC_FREQUENCY_ID
		 * Conservative value valid for even the basic CPU models.
		 * Models 0,1: 000 in bits 23:21 indicating a bus speed of
		 * 100MHz, model 2 000 in bits 18:16 indicating 100MHz,
		 * and 266MHz for model 3, or 4. Set Core Clock
		 * Frequency to System Bus Frequency Ratio to 1 (bits
		 * 31:24) even though these are only valid for CPU
		 * models > 2, however guests may end up dividing or
		 * multiplying by zero otherwise.
		 */
	case MSR_EBC_FREQUENCY_ID:
		msr_info->data = 1 << 24;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_APICBASE:
		msr_info->data = kvm_get_apic_base(vcpu);
		break;
	case APIC_BASE_MSR ... APIC_BASE_MSR + 0xff:
		return kvm_x2apic_msr_read(vcpu, msr_info->index, &msr_info->data);
	case MSR_IA32_TSC_DEADLINE:
		msr_info->data = kvm_get_lapic_tscdeadline_msr(vcpu);
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_TSC_ADJUST:
		msr_info->data = (u64)vcpu->arch.ia32_tsc_adjust_msr;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE:
		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.ia32_misc_enable_msr;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_SMBASE:
		if (!msr_info->host_initiated)
			return 1;
		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.smbase;
		break;
	case MSR_SMI_COUNT:
		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.smi_count;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_PERF_STATUS:
		/* TSC increment by tick */
		msr_info->data = 1000ULL;
		/* CPU multiplier */
		msr_info->data |= (((uint64_t)4ULL) << 40);
		break;
	case MSR_EFER:
		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.efer;
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_WALL_CLOCK:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_CLOCKSOURCE))
			return 1;

		msr_info->data = vcpu->kvm->arch.wall_clock;
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_WALL_CLOCK_NEW:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_CLOCKSOURCE2))
			return 1;

		msr_info->data = vcpu->kvm->arch.wall_clock;
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_SYSTEM_TIME:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_CLOCKSOURCE))
			return 1;

		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.time;
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_SYSTEM_TIME_NEW:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_CLOCKSOURCE2))
			return 1;

		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.time;
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_ASYNC_PF_EN:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_ASYNC_PF))
			return 1;

		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.apf.msr_en_val;
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_ASYNC_PF_INT:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_ASYNC_PF_INT))
			return 1;

		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.apf.msr_int_val;
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_ASYNC_PF_ACK:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_ASYNC_PF_INT))
			return 1;

		msr_info->data = 0;
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_STEAL_TIME:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_STEAL_TIME))
			return 1;

		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.st.msr_val;
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_PV_EOI_EN:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_PV_EOI))
			return 1;

		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.pv_eoi.msr_val;
		break;
	case MSR_KVM_POLL_CONTROL:
		if (!guest_pv_has(vcpu, KVM_FEATURE_POLL_CONTROL))
			return 1;

		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.msr_kvm_poll_control;
		break;
	case MSR_IA32_P5_MC_ADDR:
	case MSR_IA32_P5_MC_TYPE:
	case MSR_IA32_MCG_CAP:
	case MSR_IA32_MCG_CTL:
	case MSR_IA32_MCG_STATUS:
	case MSR_IA32_MC0_CTL ... MSR_IA32_MCx_CTL(KVM_MAX_MCE_BANKS) - 1:
		return get_msr_mce(vcpu, msr_info->index, &msr_info->data,
				   msr_info->host_initiated);
	case MSR_IA32_XSS:
		if (!msr_info->host_initiated &&
		    !guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_XSAVES))
			return 1;
		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.ia32_xss;
		break;
	case MSR_K7_CLK_CTL:
		/*
		 * Provide expected ramp-up count for K7. All other
		 * are set to zero, indicating minimum divisors for
		 * every field.
		 *
		 * This prevents guest kernels on AMD host with CPU
		 * type 6, model 8 and higher from exploding due to
		 * the rdmsr failing.
		 */
		msr_info->data = 0x20000000;
		break;
	case HV_X64_MSR_GUEST_OS_ID ... HV_X64_MSR_SINT15:
	case HV_X64_MSR_SYNDBG_CONTROL ... HV_X64_MSR_SYNDBG_PENDING_BUFFER:
	case HV_X64_MSR_SYNDBG_OPTIONS:
	case HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_P0 ... HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_P4:
	case HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_CTL:
	case HV_X64_MSR_STIMER0_CONFIG ... HV_X64_MSR_STIMER3_COUNT:
	case HV_X64_MSR_REENLIGHTENMENT_CONTROL:
	case HV_X64_MSR_TSC_EMULATION_CONTROL:
	case HV_X64_MSR_TSC_EMULATION_STATUS:
		return kvm_hv_get_msr_common(vcpu,
					     msr_info->index, &msr_info->data,
					     msr_info->host_initiated);
	case MSR_IA32_BBL_CR_CTL3:
		/* This legacy MSR exists but isn't fully documented in current
		 * silicon.  It is however accessed by winxp in very narrow
		 * scenarios where it sets bit #19, itself documented as
		 * a "reserved" bit.  Best effort attempt to source coherent
		 * read data here should the balance of the register be
		 * interpreted by the guest:
		 *
		 * L2 cache control register 3: 64GB range, 256KB size,
		 * enabled, latency 0x1, configured
		 */
		msr_info->data = 0xbe702111;
		break;
	case MSR_AMD64_OSVW_ID_LENGTH:
		if (!guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_OSVW))
			return 1;
		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.osvw.length;
		break;
	case MSR_AMD64_OSVW_STATUS:
		if (!guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_OSVW))
			return 1;
		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.osvw.status;
		break;
	case MSR_PLATFORM_INFO:
		if (!msr_info->host_initiated &&
		    !vcpu->kvm->arch.guest_can_read_msr_platform_info)
			return 1;
		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.msr_platform_info;
		break;
	case MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES:
		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.msr_misc_features_enables;
		break;
	case MSR_K7_HWCR:
		msr_info->data = vcpu->arch.msr_hwcr;
		break;
	default:
		if (kvm_pmu_is_valid_msr(vcpu, msr_info->index))
			return kvm_pmu_get_msr(vcpu, msr_info);
		return KVM_MSR_RET_INVALID;
	}
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_get_msr_common);

/*
 * Read or write a bunch of msrs. All parameters are kernel addresses.
 *
 * @return number of msrs set successfully.
 */
static int __msr_io(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_msrs *msrs,
		    struct kvm_msr_entry *entries,
		    int (*do_msr)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				  unsigned index, u64 *data))
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < msrs->nmsrs; ++i)
		if (do_msr(vcpu, entries[i].index, &entries[i].data))
			break;

	return i;
}

/*
 * Read or write a bunch of msrs. Parameters are user addresses.
 *
 * @return number of msrs set successfully.
 */
static int msr_io(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_msrs __user *user_msrs,
		  int (*do_msr)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				unsigned index, u64 *data),
		  int writeback)
{
	struct kvm_msrs msrs;
	struct kvm_msr_entry *entries;
	int r, n;
	unsigned size;

	r = -EFAULT;
	if (copy_from_user(&msrs, user_msrs, sizeof(msrs)))
		goto out;

	r = -E2BIG;
	if (msrs.nmsrs >= MAX_IO_MSRS)
		goto out;

	size = sizeof(struct kvm_msr_entry) * msrs.nmsrs;
	entries = memdup_user(user_msrs->entries, size);
	if (IS_ERR(entries)) {
		r = PTR_ERR(entries);
		goto out;
	}

	r = n = __msr_io(vcpu, &msrs, entries, do_msr);
	if (r < 0)
		goto out_free;

	r = -EFAULT;
	if (writeback && copy_to_user(user_msrs->entries, entries, size))
		goto out_free;

	r = n;

out_free:
	kfree(entries);
out:
	return r;
}

static inline bool kvm_can_mwait_in_guest(void)
{
	return boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_MWAIT) &&
		!boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_MONITOR) &&
		boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_ARAT);
}

static int kvm_ioctl_get_supported_hv_cpuid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
					    struct kvm_cpuid2 __user *cpuid_arg)
{
	struct kvm_cpuid2 cpuid;
	int r;

	r = -EFAULT;
	if (copy_from_user(&cpuid, cpuid_arg, sizeof(cpuid)))
		return r;

	r = kvm_get_hv_cpuid(vcpu, &cpuid, cpuid_arg->entries);
	if (r)
		return r;

	r = -EFAULT;
	if (copy_to_user(cpuid_arg, &cpuid, sizeof(cpuid)))
		return r;

	return 0;
}

int kvm_vm_ioctl_check_extension(struct kvm *kvm, long ext)
{
	int r = 0;

	switch (ext) {
	case KVM_CAP_IRQCHIP:
	case KVM_CAP_HLT:
	case KVM_CAP_MMU_SHADOW_CACHE_CONTROL:
	case KVM_CAP_SET_TSS_ADDR:
	case KVM_CAP_EXT_CPUID:
	case KVM_CAP_EXT_EMUL_CPUID:
	case KVM_CAP_CLOCKSOURCE:
	case KVM_CAP_PIT:
	case KVM_CAP_NOP_IO_DELAY:
	case KVM_CAP_MP_STATE:
	case KVM_CAP_SYNC_MMU:
	case KVM_CAP_USER_NMI:
	case KVM_CAP_REINJECT_CONTROL:
	case KVM_CAP_IRQ_INJECT_STATUS:
	case KVM_CAP_IOEVENTFD:
	case KVM_CAP_IOEVENTFD_NO_LENGTH:
	case KVM_CAP_PIT2:
	case KVM_CAP_PIT_STATE2:
	case KVM_CAP_SET_IDENTITY_MAP_ADDR:
	case KVM_CAP_VCPU_EVENTS:
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV:
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_VAPIC:
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_SPIN:
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_SYNIC:
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_SYNIC2:
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_VP_INDEX:
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_EVENTFD:
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_TLBFLUSH:
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_SEND_IPI:
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_CPUID:
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_ENFORCE_CPUID:
	case KVM_CAP_SYS_HYPERV_CPUID:
	case KVM_CAP_PCI_SEGMENT:
	case KVM_CAP_DEBUGREGS:
	case KVM_CAP_X86_ROBUST_SINGLESTEP:
	case KVM_CAP_XSAVE:
	case KVM_CAP_ASYNC_PF:
	case KVM_CAP_ASYNC_PF_INT:
	case KVM_CAP_GET_TSC_KHZ:
	case KVM_CAP_KVMCLOCK_CTRL:
	case KVM_CAP_READONLY_MEM:
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_TIME:
	case KVM_CAP_IOAPIC_POLARITY_IGNORED:
	case KVM_CAP_TSC_DEADLINE_TIMER:
	case KVM_CAP_DISABLE_QUIRKS:
	case KVM_CAP_SET_BOOT_CPU_ID:
 	case KVM_CAP_SPLIT_IRQCHIP:
	case KVM_CAP_IMMEDIATE_EXIT:
	case KVM_CAP_PMU_EVENT_FILTER:
	case KVM_CAP_GET_MSR_FEATURES:
	case KVM_CAP_MSR_PLATFORM_INFO:
	case KVM_CAP_EXCEPTION_PAYLOAD:
	case KVM_CAP_SET_GUEST_DEBUG:
	case KVM_CAP_LAST_CPU:
	case KVM_CAP_X86_USER_SPACE_MSR:
	case KVM_CAP_X86_MSR_FILTER:
	case KVM_CAP_ENFORCE_PV_FEATURE_CPUID:
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_SGX_KVM
	case KVM_CAP_SGX_ATTRIBUTE:
#endif
	case KVM_CAP_VM_COPY_ENC_CONTEXT_FROM:
	case KVM_CAP_SREGS2:
	case KVM_CAP_EXIT_ON_EMULATION_FAILURE:
		r = 1;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_EXIT_HYPERCALL:
		r = KVM_EXIT_HYPERCALL_VALID_MASK;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_SET_GUEST_DEBUG2:
		return KVM_GUESTDBG_VALID_MASK;
#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_XEN
	case KVM_CAP_XEN_HVM:
		r = KVM_XEN_HVM_CONFIG_HYPERCALL_MSR |
		    KVM_XEN_HVM_CONFIG_INTERCEPT_HCALL |
		    KVM_XEN_HVM_CONFIG_SHARED_INFO;
		if (sched_info_on())
			r |= KVM_XEN_HVM_CONFIG_RUNSTATE;
		break;
#endif
	case KVM_CAP_SYNC_REGS:
		r = KVM_SYNC_X86_VALID_FIELDS;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_ADJUST_CLOCK:
		r = KVM_CLOCK_TSC_STABLE;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_X86_DISABLE_EXITS:
		r |=  KVM_X86_DISABLE_EXITS_HLT | KVM_X86_DISABLE_EXITS_PAUSE |
		      KVM_X86_DISABLE_EXITS_CSTATE;
		if(kvm_can_mwait_in_guest())
			r |= KVM_X86_DISABLE_EXITS_MWAIT;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_X86_SMM:
		/* SMBASE is usually relocated above 1M on modern chipsets,
		 * and SMM handlers might indeed rely on 4G segment limits,
		 * so do not report SMM to be available if real mode is
		 * emulated via vm86 mode.  Still, do not go to great lengths
		 * to avoid userspace's usage of the feature, because it is a
		 * fringe case that is not enabled except via specific settings
		 * of the module parameters.
		 */
		r = static_call(kvm_x86_has_emulated_msr)(kvm, MSR_IA32_SMBASE);
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_VAPIC:
		r = !static_call(kvm_x86_cpu_has_accelerated_tpr)();
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_NR_VCPUS:
		r = KVM_SOFT_MAX_VCPUS;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_MAX_VCPUS:
		r = KVM_MAX_VCPUS;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_MAX_VCPU_ID:
		r = KVM_MAX_VCPU_ID;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_PV_MMU:	/* obsolete */
		r = 0;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_MCE:
		r = KVM_MAX_MCE_BANKS;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_XCRS:
		r = boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVE);
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_TSC_CONTROL:
		r = kvm_has_tsc_control;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_X2APIC_API:
		r = KVM_X2APIC_API_VALID_FLAGS;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_NESTED_STATE:
		r = kvm_x86_ops.nested_ops->get_state ?
			kvm_x86_ops.nested_ops->get_state(NULL, NULL, 0) : 0;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_DIRECT_TLBFLUSH:
		r = kvm_x86_ops.enable_direct_tlbflush != NULL;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_ENLIGHTENED_VMCS:
		r = kvm_x86_ops.nested_ops->enable_evmcs != NULL;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_SMALLER_MAXPHYADDR:
		r = (int) allow_smaller_maxphyaddr;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_STEAL_TIME:
		r = sched_info_on();
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_X86_BUS_LOCK_EXIT:
		if (kvm_has_bus_lock_exit)
			r = KVM_BUS_LOCK_DETECTION_OFF |
			    KVM_BUS_LOCK_DETECTION_EXIT;
		else
			r = 0;
		break;
	default:
		break;
	}
	return r;

}

long kvm_arch_dev_ioctl(struct file *filp,
			unsigned int ioctl, unsigned long arg)
{
	void __user *argp = (void __user *)arg;
	long r;

	switch (ioctl) {
	case KVM_GET_MSR_INDEX_LIST: {
		struct kvm_msr_list __user *user_msr_list = argp;
		struct kvm_msr_list msr_list;
		unsigned n;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&msr_list, user_msr_list, sizeof(msr_list)))
			goto out;
		n = msr_list.nmsrs;
		msr_list.nmsrs = num_msrs_to_save + num_emulated_msrs;
		if (copy_to_user(user_msr_list, &msr_list, sizeof(msr_list)))
			goto out;
		r = -E2BIG;
		if (n < msr_list.nmsrs)
			goto out;
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_to_user(user_msr_list->indices, &msrs_to_save,
				 num_msrs_to_save * sizeof(u32)))
			goto out;
		if (copy_to_user(user_msr_list->indices + num_msrs_to_save,
				 &emulated_msrs,
				 num_emulated_msrs * sizeof(u32)))
			goto out;
		r = 0;
		break;
	}
	case KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID:
	case KVM_GET_EMULATED_CPUID: {
		struct kvm_cpuid2 __user *cpuid_arg = argp;
		struct kvm_cpuid2 cpuid;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&cpuid, cpuid_arg, sizeof(cpuid)))
			goto out;

		r = kvm_dev_ioctl_get_cpuid(&cpuid, cpuid_arg->entries,
					    ioctl);
		if (r)
			goto out;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_to_user(cpuid_arg, &cpuid, sizeof(cpuid)))
			goto out;
		r = 0;
		break;
	}
	case KVM_X86_GET_MCE_CAP_SUPPORTED:
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_to_user(argp, &kvm_mce_cap_supported,
				 sizeof(kvm_mce_cap_supported)))
			goto out;
		r = 0;
		break;
	case KVM_GET_MSR_FEATURE_INDEX_LIST: {
		struct kvm_msr_list __user *user_msr_list = argp;
		struct kvm_msr_list msr_list;
		unsigned int n;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&msr_list, user_msr_list, sizeof(msr_list)))
			goto out;
		n = msr_list.nmsrs;
		msr_list.nmsrs = num_msr_based_features;
		if (copy_to_user(user_msr_list, &msr_list, sizeof(msr_list)))
			goto out;
		r = -E2BIG;
		if (n < msr_list.nmsrs)
			goto out;
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_to_user(user_msr_list->indices, &msr_based_features,
				 num_msr_based_features * sizeof(u32)))
			goto out;
		r = 0;
		break;
	}
	case KVM_GET_MSRS:
		r = msr_io(NULL, argp, do_get_msr_feature, 1);
		break;
	case KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_HV_CPUID:
		r = kvm_ioctl_get_supported_hv_cpuid(NULL, argp);
		break;
	default:
		r = -EINVAL;
		break;
	}
out:
	return r;
}

static void wbinvd_ipi(void *garbage)
{
	wbinvd();
}

static bool need_emulate_wbinvd(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	return kvm_arch_has_noncoherent_dma(vcpu->kvm);
}

void kvm_arch_vcpu_load(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int cpu)
{
	/* Address WBINVD may be executed by guest */
	if (need_emulate_wbinvd(vcpu)) {
		if (static_call(kvm_x86_has_wbinvd_exit)())
			cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, vcpu->arch.wbinvd_dirty_mask);
		else if (vcpu->cpu != -1 && vcpu->cpu != cpu)
			smp_call_function_single(vcpu->cpu,
					wbinvd_ipi, NULL, 1);
	}

	static_call(kvm_x86_vcpu_load)(vcpu, cpu);

	/* Save host pkru register if supported */
	vcpu->arch.host_pkru = read_pkru();

	/* Apply any externally detected TSC adjustments (due to suspend) */
	if (unlikely(vcpu->arch.tsc_offset_adjustment)) {
		adjust_tsc_offset_host(vcpu, vcpu->arch.tsc_offset_adjustment);
		vcpu->arch.tsc_offset_adjustment = 0;
		kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_CLOCK_UPDATE, vcpu);
	}

	if (unlikely(vcpu->cpu != cpu) || kvm_check_tsc_unstable()) {
		s64 tsc_delta = !vcpu->arch.last_host_tsc ? 0 :
				rdtsc() - vcpu->arch.last_host_tsc;
		if (tsc_delta < 0)
			mark_tsc_unstable("KVM discovered backwards TSC");

		if (kvm_check_tsc_unstable()) {
			u64 offset = kvm_compute_l1_tsc_offset(vcpu,
						vcpu->arch.last_guest_tsc);
			kvm_vcpu_write_tsc_offset(vcpu, offset);
			vcpu->arch.tsc_catchup = 1;
		}

		if (kvm_lapic_hv_timer_in_use(vcpu))
			kvm_lapic_restart_hv_timer(vcpu);

		/*
		 * On a host with synchronized TSC, there is no need to update
		 * kvmclock on vcpu->cpu migration
		 */
		if (!vcpu->kvm->arch.use_master_clock || vcpu->cpu == -1)
			kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_GLOBAL_CLOCK_UPDATE, vcpu);
		if (vcpu->cpu != cpu)
			kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_MIGRATE_TIMER, vcpu);
		vcpu->cpu = cpu;
	}

	kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_STEAL_UPDATE, vcpu);
}

static void kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	struct kvm_host_map map;
	struct kvm_steal_time *st;

	if (!(vcpu->arch.st.msr_val & KVM_MSR_ENABLED))
		return;

	if (vcpu->arch.st.preempted)
		return;

	if (kvm_map_gfn(vcpu, vcpu->arch.st.msr_val >> PAGE_SHIFT, &map,
			&vcpu->arch.st.cache, true))
		return;

	st = map.hva +
		offset_in_page(vcpu->arch.st.msr_val & KVM_STEAL_VALID_BITS);

	st->preempted = vcpu->arch.st.preempted = KVM_VCPU_PREEMPTED;

	kvm_unmap_gfn(vcpu, &map, &vcpu->arch.st.cache, true, true);
}

void kvm_arch_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	int idx;

	if (vcpu->preempted && !vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
		vcpu->arch.preempted_in_kernel = !static_call(kvm_x86_get_cpl)(vcpu);

	/*
	 * Take the srcu lock as memslots will be accessed to check the gfn
	 * cache generation against the memslots generation.
	 */
	idx = srcu_read_lock(&vcpu->kvm->srcu);
	if (kvm_xen_msr_enabled(vcpu->kvm))
		kvm_xen_runstate_set_preempted(vcpu);
	else
		kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(vcpu);
	srcu_read_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->srcu, idx);

	static_call(kvm_x86_vcpu_put)(vcpu);
	vcpu->arch.last_host_tsc = rdtsc();
}

static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_get_lapic(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				    struct kvm_lapic_state *s)
{
	if (vcpu->arch.apicv_active)
		static_call(kvm_x86_sync_pir_to_irr)(vcpu);

	return kvm_apic_get_state(vcpu, s);
}

static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_set_lapic(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				    struct kvm_lapic_state *s)
{
	int r;

	r = kvm_apic_set_state(vcpu, s);
	if (r)
		return r;
	update_cr8_intercept(vcpu);

	return 0;
}

static int kvm_cpu_accept_dm_intr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	/*
	 * We can accept userspace's request for interrupt injection
	 * as long as we have a place to store the interrupt number.
	 * The actual injection will happen when the CPU is able to
	 * deliver the interrupt.
	 */
	if (kvm_cpu_has_extint(vcpu))
		return false;

	/* Acknowledging ExtINT does not happen if LINT0 is masked.  */
	return (!lapic_in_kernel(vcpu) ||
		kvm_apic_accept_pic_intr(vcpu));
}

static int kvm_vcpu_ready_for_interrupt_injection(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	/*
	 * Do not cause an interrupt window exit if an exception
	 * is pending or an event needs reinjection; userspace
	 * might want to inject the interrupt manually using KVM_SET_REGS
	 * or KVM_SET_SREGS.  For that to work, we must be at an
	 * instruction boundary and with no events half-injected.
	 */
	return (kvm_arch_interrupt_allowed(vcpu) &&
		kvm_cpu_accept_dm_intr(vcpu) &&
		!kvm_event_needs_reinjection(vcpu) &&
		!vcpu->arch.exception.pending);
}

static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_interrupt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				    struct kvm_interrupt *irq)
{
	if (irq->irq >= KVM_NR_INTERRUPTS)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (!irqchip_in_kernel(vcpu->kvm)) {
		kvm_queue_interrupt(vcpu, irq->irq, false);
		kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_EVENT, vcpu);
		return 0;
	}

	/*
	 * With in-kernel LAPIC, we only use this to inject EXTINT, so
	 * fail for in-kernel 8259.
	 */
	if (pic_in_kernel(vcpu->kvm))
		return -ENXIO;

	if (vcpu->arch.pending_external_vector != -1)
		return -EEXIST;

	vcpu->arch.pending_external_vector = irq->irq;
	kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_EVENT, vcpu);
	return 0;
}

static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_nmi(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	kvm_inject_nmi(vcpu);

	return 0;
}

static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_smi(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_SMI, vcpu);

	return 0;
}

static int vcpu_ioctl_tpr_access_reporting(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
					   struct kvm_tpr_access_ctl *tac)
{
	if (tac->flags)
		return -EINVAL;
	vcpu->arch.tpr_access_reporting = !!tac->enabled;
	return 0;
}

static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_setup_mce(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
					u64 mcg_cap)
{
	int r;
	unsigned bank_num = mcg_cap & 0xff, bank;

	r = -EINVAL;
	if (!bank_num || bank_num > KVM_MAX_MCE_BANKS)
		goto out;
	if (mcg_cap & ~(kvm_mce_cap_supported | 0xff | 0xff0000))
		goto out;
	r = 0;
	vcpu->arch.mcg_cap = mcg_cap;
	/* Init IA32_MCG_CTL to all 1s */
	if (mcg_cap & MCG_CTL_P)
		vcpu->arch.mcg_ctl = ~(u64)0;
	/* Init IA32_MCi_CTL to all 1s */
	for (bank = 0; bank < bank_num; bank++)
		vcpu->arch.mce_banks[bank*4] = ~(u64)0;

	static_call(kvm_x86_setup_mce)(vcpu);
out:
	return r;
}

static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_mce(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				      struct kvm_x86_mce *mce)
{
	u64 mcg_cap = vcpu->arch.mcg_cap;
	unsigned bank_num = mcg_cap & 0xff;
	u64 *banks = vcpu->arch.mce_banks;

	if (mce->bank >= bank_num || !(mce->status & MCI_STATUS_VAL))
		return -EINVAL;
	/*
	 * if IA32_MCG_CTL is not all 1s, the uncorrected error
	 * reporting is disabled
	 */
	if ((mce->status & MCI_STATUS_UC) && (mcg_cap & MCG_CTL_P) &&
	    vcpu->arch.mcg_ctl != ~(u64)0)
		return 0;
	banks += 4 * mce->bank;
	/*
	 * if IA32_MCi_CTL is not all 1s, the uncorrected error
	 * reporting is disabled for the bank
	 */
	if ((mce->status & MCI_STATUS_UC) && banks[0] != ~(u64)0)
		return 0;
	if (mce->status & MCI_STATUS_UC) {
		if ((vcpu->arch.mcg_status & MCG_STATUS_MCIP) ||
		    !kvm_read_cr4_bits(vcpu, X86_CR4_MCE)) {
			kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_TRIPLE_FAULT, vcpu);
			return 0;
		}
		if (banks[1] & MCI_STATUS_VAL)
			mce->status |= MCI_STATUS_OVER;
		banks[2] = mce->addr;
		banks[3] = mce->misc;
		vcpu->arch.mcg_status = mce->mcg_status;
		banks[1] = mce->status;
		kvm_queue_exception(vcpu, MC_VECTOR);
	} else if (!(banks[1] & MCI_STATUS_VAL)
		   || !(banks[1] & MCI_STATUS_UC)) {
		if (banks[1] & MCI_STATUS_VAL)
			mce->status |= MCI_STATUS_OVER;
		banks[2] = mce->addr;
		banks[3] = mce->misc;
		banks[1] = mce->status;
	} else
		banks[1] |= MCI_STATUS_OVER;
	return 0;
}

static void kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_vcpu_events(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
					       struct kvm_vcpu_events *events)
{
	process_nmi(vcpu);

	if (kvm_check_request(KVM_REQ_SMI, vcpu))
		process_smi(vcpu);

	/*
	 * In guest mode, payload delivery should be deferred,
	 * so that the L1 hypervisor can intercept #PF before
	 * CR2 is modified (or intercept #DB before DR6 is
	 * modified under nVMX). Unless the per-VM capability,
	 * KVM_CAP_EXCEPTION_PAYLOAD, is set, we may not defer the delivery of
	 * an exception payload and handle after a KVM_GET_VCPU_EVENTS. Since we
	 * opportunistically defer the exception payload, deliver it if the
	 * capability hasn't been requested before processing a
	 * KVM_GET_VCPU_EVENTS.
	 */
	if (!vcpu->kvm->arch.exception_payload_enabled &&
	    vcpu->arch.exception.pending && vcpu->arch.exception.has_payload)
		kvm_deliver_exception_payload(vcpu);

	/*
	 * The API doesn't provide the instruction length for software
	 * exceptions, so don't report them. As long as the guest RIP
	 * isn't advanced, we should expect to encounter the exception
	 * again.
	 */
	if (kvm_exception_is_soft(vcpu->arch.exception.nr)) {
		events->exception.injected = 0;
		events->exception.pending = 0;
	} else {
		events->exception.injected = vcpu->arch.exception.injected;
		events->exception.pending = vcpu->arch.exception.pending;
		/*
		 * For ABI compatibility, deliberately conflate
		 * pending and injected exceptions when
		 * KVM_CAP_EXCEPTION_PAYLOAD isn't enabled.
		 */
		if (!vcpu->kvm->arch.exception_payload_enabled)
			events->exception.injected |=
				vcpu->arch.exception.pending;
	}
	events->exception.nr = vcpu->arch.exception.nr;
	events->exception.has_error_code = vcpu->arch.exception.has_error_code;
	events->exception.error_code = vcpu->arch.exception.error_code;
	events->exception_has_payload = vcpu->arch.exception.has_payload;
	events->exception_payload = vcpu->arch.exception.payload;

	events->interrupt.injected =
		vcpu->arch.interrupt.injected && !vcpu->arch.interrupt.soft;
	events->interrupt.nr = vcpu->arch.interrupt.nr;
	events->interrupt.soft = 0;
	events->interrupt.shadow = static_call(kvm_x86_get_interrupt_shadow)(vcpu);

	events->nmi.injected = vcpu->arch.nmi_injected;
	events->nmi.pending = vcpu->arch.nmi_pending != 0;
	events->nmi.masked = static_call(kvm_x86_get_nmi_mask)(vcpu);
	events->nmi.pad = 0;

	events->sipi_vector = 0; /* never valid when reporting to user space */

	events->smi.smm = is_smm(vcpu);
	events->smi.pending = vcpu->arch.smi_pending;
	events->smi.smm_inside_nmi =
		!!(vcpu->arch.hflags & HF_SMM_INSIDE_NMI_MASK);
	events->smi.latched_init = kvm_lapic_latched_init(vcpu);

	events->flags = (KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_NMI_PENDING
			 | KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SHADOW
			 | KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SMM);
	if (vcpu->kvm->arch.exception_payload_enabled)
		events->flags |= KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_PAYLOAD;

	memset(&events->reserved, 0, sizeof(events->reserved));
}

static void kvm_smm_changed(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool entering_smm);

static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_vcpu_events(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
					      struct kvm_vcpu_events *events)
{
	if (events->flags & ~(KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_NMI_PENDING
			      | KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SIPI_VECTOR
			      | KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SHADOW
			      | KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SMM
			      | KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_PAYLOAD))
		return -EINVAL;

	if (events->flags & KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_PAYLOAD) {
		if (!vcpu->kvm->arch.exception_payload_enabled)
			return -EINVAL;
		if (events->exception.pending)
			events->exception.injected = 0;
		else
			events->exception_has_payload = 0;
	} else {
		events->exception.pending = 0;
		events->exception_has_payload = 0;
	}

	if ((events->exception.injected || events->exception.pending) &&
	    (events->exception.nr > 31 || events->exception.nr == NMI_VECTOR))
		return -EINVAL;

	/* INITs are latched while in SMM */
	if (events->flags & KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SMM &&
	    (events->smi.smm || events->smi.pending) &&
	    vcpu->arch.mp_state == KVM_MP_STATE_INIT_RECEIVED)
		return -EINVAL;

	process_nmi(vcpu);
	vcpu->arch.exception.injected = events->exception.injected;
	vcpu->arch.exception.pending = events->exception.pending;
	vcpu->arch.exception.nr = events->exception.nr;
	vcpu->arch.exception.has_error_code = events->exception.has_error_code;
	vcpu->arch.exception.error_code = events->exception.error_code;
	vcpu->arch.exception.has_payload = events->exception_has_payload;
	vcpu->arch.exception.payload = events->exception_payload;

	vcpu->arch.interrupt.injected = events->interrupt.injected;
	vcpu->arch.interrupt.nr = events->interrupt.nr;
	vcpu->arch.interrupt.soft = events->interrupt.soft;
	if (events->flags & KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SHADOW)
		static_call(kvm_x86_set_interrupt_shadow)(vcpu,
						events->interrupt.shadow);

	vcpu->arch.nmi_injected = events->nmi.injected;
	if (events->flags & KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_NMI_PENDING)
		vcpu->arch.nmi_pending = events->nmi.pending;
	static_call(kvm_x86_set_nmi_mask)(vcpu, events->nmi.masked);

	if (events->flags & KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SIPI_VECTOR &&
	    lapic_in_kernel(vcpu))
		vcpu->arch.apic->sipi_vector = events->sipi_vector;

	if (events->flags & KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SMM) {
		if (!!(vcpu->arch.hflags & HF_SMM_MASK) != events->smi.smm)
			kvm_smm_changed(vcpu, events->smi.smm);

		vcpu->arch.smi_pending = events->smi.pending;

		if (events->smi.smm) {
			if (events->smi.smm_inside_nmi)
				vcpu->arch.hflags |= HF_SMM_INSIDE_NMI_MASK;
			else
				vcpu->arch.hflags &= ~HF_SMM_INSIDE_NMI_MASK;
		}

		if (lapic_in_kernel(vcpu)) {
			if (events->smi.latched_init)
				set_bit(KVM_APIC_INIT, &vcpu->arch.apic->pending_events);
			else
				clear_bit(KVM_APIC_INIT, &vcpu->arch.apic->pending_events);
		}
	}

	kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_EVENT, vcpu);

	return 0;
}

static void kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_debugregs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
					     struct kvm_debugregs *dbgregs)
{
	unsigned long val;

	memcpy(dbgregs->db, vcpu->arch.db, sizeof(vcpu->arch.db));
	kvm_get_dr(vcpu, 6, &val);
	dbgregs->dr6 = val;
	dbgregs->dr7 = vcpu->arch.dr7;
	dbgregs->flags = 0;
	memset(&dbgregs->reserved, 0, sizeof(dbgregs->reserved));
}

static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_debugregs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
					    struct kvm_debugregs *dbgregs)
{
	if (dbgregs->flags)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (!kvm_dr6_valid(dbgregs->dr6))
		return -EINVAL;
	if (!kvm_dr7_valid(dbgregs->dr7))
		return -EINVAL;

	memcpy(vcpu->arch.db, dbgregs->db, sizeof(vcpu->arch.db));
	kvm_update_dr0123(vcpu);
	vcpu->arch.dr6 = dbgregs->dr6;
	vcpu->arch.dr7 = dbgregs->dr7;
	kvm_update_dr7(vcpu);

	return 0;
}

#define XSTATE_COMPACTION_ENABLED (1ULL << 63)

static void fill_xsave(u8 *dest, struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	struct xregs_state *xsave = &vcpu->arch.guest_fpu->state.xsave;
	u64 xstate_bv = xsave->header.xfeatures;
	u64 valid;

	/*
	 * Copy legacy XSAVE area, to avoid complications with CPUID
	 * leaves 0 and 1 in the loop below.
	 */
	memcpy(dest, xsave, XSAVE_HDR_OFFSET);

	/* Set XSTATE_BV */
	xstate_bv &= vcpu->arch.guest_supported_xcr0 | XFEATURE_MASK_FPSSE;
	*(u64 *)(dest + XSAVE_HDR_OFFSET) = xstate_bv;

	/*
	 * Copy each region from the possibly compacted offset to the
	 * non-compacted offset.
	 */
	valid = xstate_bv & ~XFEATURE_MASK_FPSSE;
	while (valid) {
		u32 size, offset, ecx, edx;
		u64 xfeature_mask = valid & -valid;
		int xfeature_nr = fls64(xfeature_mask) - 1;
		void *src;

		cpuid_count(XSTATE_CPUID, xfeature_nr,
			    &size, &offset, &ecx, &edx);

		if (xfeature_nr == XFEATURE_PKRU) {
			memcpy(dest + offset, &vcpu->arch.pkru,
			       sizeof(vcpu->arch.pkru));
		} else {
			src = get_xsave_addr(xsave, xfeature_nr);
			if (src)
				memcpy(dest + offset, src, size);
		}

		valid -= xfeature_mask;
	}
}

static void load_xsave(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u8 *src)
{
	struct xregs_state *xsave = &vcpu->arch.guest_fpu->state.xsave;
	u64 xstate_bv = *(u64 *)(src + XSAVE_HDR_OFFSET);
	u64 valid;

	/*
	 * Copy legacy XSAVE area, to avoid complications with CPUID
	 * leaves 0 and 1 in the loop below.
	 */
	memcpy(xsave, src, XSAVE_HDR_OFFSET);

	/* Set XSTATE_BV and possibly XCOMP_BV.  */
	xsave->header.xfeatures = xstate_bv;
	if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVES))
		xsave->header.xcomp_bv = host_xcr0 | XSTATE_COMPACTION_ENABLED;

	/*
	 * Copy each region from the non-compacted offset to the
	 * possibly compacted offset.
	 */
	valid = xstate_bv & ~XFEATURE_MASK_FPSSE;
	while (valid) {
		u32 size, offset, ecx, edx;
		u64 xfeature_mask = valid & -valid;
		int xfeature_nr = fls64(xfeature_mask) - 1;

		cpuid_count(XSTATE_CPUID, xfeature_nr,
			    &size, &offset, &ecx, &edx);

		if (xfeature_nr == XFEATURE_PKRU) {
			memcpy(&vcpu->arch.pkru, src + offset,
			       sizeof(vcpu->arch.pkru));
		} else {
			void *dest = get_xsave_addr(xsave, xfeature_nr);

			if (dest)
				memcpy(dest, src + offset, size);
		}

		valid -= xfeature_mask;
	}
}

static void kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_xsave(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
					 struct kvm_xsave *guest_xsave)
{
	if (!vcpu->arch.guest_fpu)
		return;

	if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVE)) {
		memset(guest_xsave, 0, sizeof(struct kvm_xsave));
		fill_xsave((u8 *) guest_xsave->region, vcpu);
	} else {
		memcpy(guest_xsave->region,
			&vcpu->arch.guest_fpu->state.fxsave,
			sizeof(struct fxregs_state));
		*(u64 *)&guest_xsave->region[XSAVE_HDR_OFFSET / sizeof(u32)] =
			XFEATURE_MASK_FPSSE;
	}
}

#define XSAVE_MXCSR_OFFSET 24

static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_xsave(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
					struct kvm_xsave *guest_xsave)
{
	u64 xstate_bv;
	u32 mxcsr;

	if (!vcpu->arch.guest_fpu)
		return 0;

	xstate_bv = *(u64 *)&guest_xsave->region[XSAVE_HDR_OFFSET / sizeof(u32)];
	mxcsr = *(u32 *)&guest_xsave->region[XSAVE_MXCSR_OFFSET / sizeof(u32)];

	if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVE)) {
		/*
		 * Here we allow setting states that are not present in
		 * CPUID leaf 0xD, index 0, EDX:EAX.  This is for compatibility
		 * with old userspace.
		 */
		if (xstate_bv & ~supported_xcr0 || mxcsr & ~mxcsr_feature_mask)
			return -EINVAL;
		load_xsave(vcpu, (u8 *)guest_xsave->region);
	} else {
		if (xstate_bv & ~XFEATURE_MASK_FPSSE ||
			mxcsr & ~mxcsr_feature_mask)
			return -EINVAL;
		memcpy(&vcpu->arch.guest_fpu->state.fxsave,
			guest_xsave->region, sizeof(struct fxregs_state));
	}
	return 0;
}

static void kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_xcrs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
					struct kvm_xcrs *guest_xcrs)
{
	if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVE)) {
		guest_xcrs->nr_xcrs = 0;
		return;
	}

	guest_xcrs->nr_xcrs = 1;
	guest_xcrs->flags = 0;
	guest_xcrs->xcrs[0].xcr = XCR_XFEATURE_ENABLED_MASK;
	guest_xcrs->xcrs[0].value = vcpu->arch.xcr0;
}

static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_xcrs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				       struct kvm_xcrs *guest_xcrs)
{
	int i, r = 0;

	if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVE))
		return -EINVAL;

	if (guest_xcrs->nr_xcrs > KVM_MAX_XCRS || guest_xcrs->flags)
		return -EINVAL;

	for (i = 0; i < guest_xcrs->nr_xcrs; i++)
		/* Only support XCR0 currently */
		if (guest_xcrs->xcrs[i].xcr == XCR_XFEATURE_ENABLED_MASK) {
			r = __kvm_set_xcr(vcpu, XCR_XFEATURE_ENABLED_MASK,
				guest_xcrs->xcrs[i].value);
			break;
		}
	if (r)
		r = -EINVAL;
	return r;
}

/*
 * kvm_set_guest_paused() indicates to the guest kernel that it has been
 * stopped by the hypervisor.  This function will be called from the host only.
 * EINVAL is returned when the host attempts to set the flag for a guest that
 * does not support pv clocks.
 */
static int kvm_set_guest_paused(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
	if (!vcpu->arch.pv_time_enabled)
		return -EINVAL;
	vcpu->arch.pvclock_set_guest_stopped_request = true;
	kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_CLOCK_UPDATE, vcpu);
	return 0;
}

static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_enable_cap(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				     struct kvm_enable_cap *cap)
{
	int r;
	uint16_t vmcs_version;
	void __user *user_ptr;

	if (cap->flags)
		return -EINVAL;

	switch (cap->cap) {
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_SYNIC2:
		if (cap->args[0])
			return -EINVAL;
		fallthrough;

	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_SYNIC:
		if (!irqchip_in_kernel(vcpu->kvm))
			return -EINVAL;
		return kvm_hv_activate_synic(vcpu, cap->cap ==
					     KVM_CAP_HYPERV_SYNIC2);
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_ENLIGHTENED_VMCS:
		if (!kvm_x86_ops.nested_ops->enable_evmcs)
			return -ENOTTY;
		r = kvm_x86_ops.nested_ops->enable_evmcs(vcpu, &vmcs_version);
		if (!r) {
			user_ptr = (void __user *)(uintptr_t)cap->args[0];
			if (copy_to_user(user_ptr, &vmcs_version,
					 sizeof(vmcs_version)))
				r = -EFAULT;
		}
		return r;
	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_DIRECT_TLBFLUSH:
		if (!kvm_x86_ops.enable_direct_tlbflush)
			return -ENOTTY;

		return static_call(kvm_x86_enable_direct_tlbflush)(vcpu);

	case KVM_CAP_HYPERV_ENFORCE_CPUID:
		return kvm_hv_set_enforce_cpuid(vcpu, cap->args[0]);

	case KVM_CAP_ENFORCE_PV_FEATURE_CPUID:
		vcpu->arch.pv_cpuid.enforce = cap->args[0];
		if (vcpu->arch.pv_cpuid.enforce)
			kvm_update_pv_runtime(vcpu);

		return 0;
	default:
		return -EINVAL;
	}
}

long kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl(struct file *filp,
			 unsigned int ioctl, unsigned long arg)
{
	struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu = filp->private_data;
	void __user *argp = (void __user *)arg;
	int r;
	union {
		struct kvm_sregs2 *sregs2;
		struct kvm_lapic_state *lapic;
		struct kvm_xsave *xsave;
		struct kvm_xcrs *xcrs;
		void *buffer;
	} u;

	vcpu_load(vcpu);

	u.buffer = NULL;
	switch (ioctl) {
	case KVM_GET_LAPIC: {
		r = -EINVAL;
		if (!lapic_in_kernel(vcpu))
			goto out;
		u.lapic = kzalloc(sizeof(struct kvm_lapic_state),
				GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT);

		r = -ENOMEM;
		if (!u.lapic)
			goto out;
		r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_get_lapic(vcpu, u.lapic);
		if (r)
			goto out;
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_to_user(argp, u.lapic, sizeof(struct kvm_lapic_state)))
			goto out;
		r = 0;
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_LAPIC: {
		r = -EINVAL;
		if (!lapic_in_kernel(vcpu))
			goto out;
		u.lapic = memdup_user(argp, sizeof(*u.lapic));
		if (IS_ERR(u.lapic)) {
			r = PTR_ERR(u.lapic);
			goto out_nofree;
		}

		r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_set_lapic(vcpu, u.lapic);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_INTERRUPT: {
		struct kvm_interrupt irq;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&irq, argp, sizeof(irq)))
			goto out;
		r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_interrupt(vcpu, &irq);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_NMI: {
		r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_nmi(vcpu);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SMI: {
		r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_smi(vcpu);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_CPUID: {
		struct kvm_cpuid __user *cpuid_arg = argp;
		struct kvm_cpuid cpuid;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&cpuid, cpuid_arg, sizeof(cpuid)))
			goto out;
		r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_set_cpuid(vcpu, &cpuid, cpuid_arg->entries);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_CPUID2: {
		struct kvm_cpuid2 __user *cpuid_arg = argp;
		struct kvm_cpuid2 cpuid;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&cpuid, cpuid_arg, sizeof(cpuid)))
			goto out;
		r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_set_cpuid2(vcpu, &cpuid,
					      cpuid_arg->entries);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_GET_CPUID2: {
		struct kvm_cpuid2 __user *cpuid_arg = argp;
		struct kvm_cpuid2 cpuid;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&cpuid, cpuid_arg, sizeof(cpuid)))
			goto out;
		r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_get_cpuid2(vcpu, &cpuid,
					      cpuid_arg->entries);
		if (r)
			goto out;
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_to_user(cpuid_arg, &cpuid, sizeof(cpuid)))
			goto out;
		r = 0;
		break;
	}
	case KVM_GET_MSRS: {
		int idx = srcu_read_lock(&vcpu->kvm->srcu);
		r = msr_io(vcpu, argp, do_get_msr, 1);
		srcu_read_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->srcu, idx);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_MSRS: {
		int idx = srcu_read_lock(&vcpu->kvm->srcu);
		r = msr_io(vcpu, argp, do_set_msr, 0);
		srcu_read_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->srcu, idx);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_TPR_ACCESS_REPORTING: {
		struct kvm_tpr_access_ctl tac;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&tac, argp, sizeof(tac)))
			goto out;
		r = vcpu_ioctl_tpr_access_reporting(vcpu, &tac);
		if (r)
			goto out;
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_to_user(argp, &tac, sizeof(tac)))
			goto out;
		r = 0;
		break;
	};
	case KVM_SET_VAPIC_ADDR: {
		struct kvm_vapic_addr va;
		int idx;

		r = -EINVAL;
		if (!lapic_in_kernel(vcpu))
			goto out;
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&va, argp, sizeof(va)))
			goto out;
		idx = srcu_read_lock(&vcpu->kvm->srcu);
		r = kvm_lapic_set_vapic_addr(vcpu, va.vapic_addr);
		srcu_read_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->srcu, idx);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_X86_SETUP_MCE: {
		u64 mcg_cap;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&mcg_cap, argp, sizeof(mcg_cap)))
			goto out;
		r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_setup_mce(vcpu, mcg_cap);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_X86_SET_MCE: {
		struct kvm_x86_mce mce;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&mce, argp, sizeof(mce)))
			goto out;
		r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_mce(vcpu, &mce);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_GET_VCPU_EVENTS: {
		struct kvm_vcpu_events events;

		kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_vcpu_events(vcpu, &events);

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_to_user(argp, &events, sizeof(struct kvm_vcpu_events)))
			break;
		r = 0;
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_VCPU_EVENTS: {
		struct kvm_vcpu_events events;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&events, argp, sizeof(struct kvm_vcpu_events)))
			break;

		r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_vcpu_events(vcpu, &events);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_GET_DEBUGREGS: {
		struct kvm_debugregs dbgregs;

		kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_debugregs(vcpu, &dbgregs);

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_to_user(argp, &dbgregs,
				 sizeof(struct kvm_debugregs)))
			break;
		r = 0;
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_DEBUGREGS: {
		struct kvm_debugregs dbgregs;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&dbgregs, argp,
				   sizeof(struct kvm_debugregs)))
			break;

		r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_debugregs(vcpu, &dbgregs);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_GET_XSAVE: {
		u.xsave = kzalloc(sizeof(struct kvm_xsave), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT);
		r = -ENOMEM;
		if (!u.xsave)
			break;

		kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_xsave(vcpu, u.xsave);

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_to_user(argp, u.xsave, sizeof(struct kvm_xsave)))
			break;
		r = 0;
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_XSAVE: {
		u.xsave = memdup_user(argp, sizeof(*u.xsave));
		if (IS_ERR(u.xsave)) {
			r = PTR_ERR(u.xsave);
			goto out_nofree;
		}

		r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_xsave(vcpu, u.xsave);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_GET_XCRS: {
		u.xcrs = kzalloc(sizeof(struct kvm_xcrs), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT);
		r = -ENOMEM;
		if (!u.xcrs)
			break;

		kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_xcrs(vcpu, u.xcrs);

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_to_user(argp, u.xcrs,
				 sizeof(struct kvm_xcrs)))
			break;
		r = 0;
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_XCRS: {
		u.xcrs = memdup_user(argp, sizeof(*u.xcrs));
		if (IS_ERR(u.xcrs)) {
			r = PTR_ERR(u.xcrs);
			goto out_nofree;
		}

		r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_xcrs(vcpu, u.xcrs);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_TSC_KHZ: {
		u32 user_tsc_khz;

		r = -EINVAL;
		user_tsc_khz = (u32)arg;

		if (kvm_has_tsc_control &&
		    user_tsc_khz >= kvm_max_guest_tsc_khz)
			goto out;

		if (user_tsc_khz == 0)
			user_tsc_khz = tsc_khz;

		if (!kvm_set_tsc_khz(vcpu, user_tsc_khz))
			r = 0;

		goto out;
	}
	case KVM_GET_TSC_KHZ: {
		r = vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_khz;
		goto out;
	}
	case KVM_KVMCLOCK_CTRL: {
		r = kvm_set_guest_paused(vcpu);
		goto out;
	}
	case KVM_ENABLE_CAP: {
		struct kvm_enable_cap cap;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&cap, argp, sizeof(cap)))
			goto out;
		r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_enable_cap(vcpu, &cap);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_GET_NESTED_STATE: {
		struct kvm_nested_state __user *user_kvm_nested_state = argp;
		u32 user_data_size;

		r = -EINVAL;
		if (!kvm_x86_ops.nested_ops->get_state)
			break;

		BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(user_data_size) != sizeof(user_kvm_nested_state->size));
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (get_user(user_data_size, &user_kvm_nested_state->size))
			break;

		r = kvm_x86_ops.nested_ops->get_state(vcpu, user_kvm_nested_state,
						     user_data_size);
		if (r < 0)
			break;

		if (r > user_data_size) {
			if (put_user(r, &user_kvm_nested_state->size))
				r = -EFAULT;
			else
				r = -E2BIG;
			break;
		}

		r = 0;
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_NESTED_STATE: {
		struct kvm_nested_state __user *user_kvm_nested_state = argp;
		struct kvm_nested_state kvm_state;
		int idx;

		r = -EINVAL;
		if (!kvm_x86_ops.nested_ops->set_state)
			break;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&kvm_state, user_kvm_nested_state, sizeof(kvm_state)))
			break;

		r = -EINVAL;
		if (kvm_state.size < sizeof(kvm_state))
			break;

		if (kvm_state.flags &
		    ~(KVM_STATE_NESTED_RUN_PENDING | KVM_STATE_NESTED_GUEST_MODE
		      | KVM_STATE_NESTED_EVMCS | KVM_STATE_NESTED_MTF_PENDING
		      | KVM_STATE_NESTED_GIF_SET))
			break;

		/* nested_run_pending implies guest_mode.  */
		if ((kvm_state.flags & KVM_STATE_NESTED_RUN_PENDING)
		    && !(kvm_state.flags & KVM_STATE_NESTED_GUEST_MODE))
			break;

		idx = srcu_read_lock(&vcpu->kvm->srcu);
		r = kvm_x86_ops.nested_ops->set_state(vcpu, user_kvm_nested_state, &kvm_state);
		srcu_read_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->srcu, idx);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_HV_CPUID:
		r = kvm_ioctl_get_supported_hv_cpuid(vcpu, argp);
		break;
#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_XEN
	case KVM_XEN_VCPU_GET_ATTR: {
		struct kvm_xen_vcpu_attr xva;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&xva, argp, sizeof(xva)))
			goto out;
		r = kvm_xen_vcpu_get_attr(vcpu, &xva);
		if (!r && copy_to_user(argp, &xva, sizeof(xva)))
			r = -EFAULT;
		break;
	}
	case KVM_XEN_VCPU_SET_ATTR: {
		struct kvm_xen_vcpu_attr xva;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&xva, argp, sizeof(xva)))
			goto out;
		r = kvm_xen_vcpu_set_attr(vcpu, &xva);
		break;
	}
#endif
	case KVM_GET_SREGS2: {
		u.sregs2 = kzalloc(sizeof(struct kvm_sregs2), GFP_KERNEL);
		r = -ENOMEM;
		if (!u.sregs2)
			goto out;
		__get_sregs2(vcpu, u.sregs2);
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_to_user(argp, u.sregs2, sizeof(struct kvm_sregs2)))
			goto out;
		r = 0;
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_SREGS2: {
		u.sregs2 = memdup_user(argp, sizeof(struct kvm_sregs2));
		if (IS_ERR(u.sregs2)) {
			r = PTR_ERR(u.sregs2);
			u.sregs2 = NULL;
			goto out;
		}
		r = __set_sregs2(vcpu, u.sregs2);
		break;
	}
	default:
		r = -EINVAL;
	}
out:
	kfree(u.buffer);
out_nofree:
	vcpu_put(vcpu);
	return r;
}

vm_fault_t kvm_arch_vcpu_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct vm_fault *vmf)
{
	return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
}

static int kvm_vm_ioctl_set_tss_addr(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long addr)
{
	int ret;

	if (addr > (unsigned int)(-3 * PAGE_SIZE))
		return -EINVAL;
	ret = static_call(kvm_x86_set_tss_addr)(kvm, addr);
	return ret;
}

static int kvm_vm_ioctl_set_identity_map_addr(struct kvm *kvm,
					      u64 ident_addr)
{
	return static_call(kvm_x86_set_identity_map_addr)(kvm, ident_addr);
}

static int kvm_vm_ioctl_set_nr_mmu_pages(struct kvm *kvm,
					 unsigned long kvm_nr_mmu_pages)
{
	if (kvm_nr_mmu_pages < KVM_MIN_ALLOC_MMU_PAGES)
		return -EINVAL;

	mutex_lock(&kvm->slots_lock);

	kvm_mmu_change_mmu_pages(kvm, kvm_nr_mmu_pages);
	kvm->arch.n_requested_mmu_pages = kvm_nr_mmu_pages;

	mutex_unlock(&kvm->slots_lock);
	return 0;
}

static unsigned long kvm_vm_ioctl_get_nr_mmu_pages(struct kvm *kvm)
{
	return kvm->arch.n_max_mmu_pages;
}

static int kvm_vm_ioctl_get_irqchip(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_irqchip *chip)
{
	struct kvm_pic *pic = kvm->arch.vpic;
	int r;

	r = 0;
	switch (chip->chip_id) {
	case KVM_IRQCHIP_PIC_MASTER:
		memcpy(&chip->chip.pic, &pic->pics[0],
			sizeof(struct kvm_pic_state));
		break;
	case KVM_IRQCHIP_PIC_SLAVE:
		memcpy(&chip->chip.pic, &pic->pics[1],
			sizeof(struct kvm_pic_state));
		break;
	case KVM_IRQCHIP_IOAPIC:
		kvm_get_ioapic(kvm, &chip->chip.ioapic);
		break;
	default:
		r = -EINVAL;
		break;
	}
	return r;
}

static int kvm_vm_ioctl_set_irqchip(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_irqchip *chip)
{
	struct kvm_pic *pic = kvm->arch.vpic;
	int r;

	r = 0;
	switch (chip->chip_id) {
	case KVM_IRQCHIP_PIC_MASTER:
		spin_lock(&pic->lock);
		memcpy(&pic->pics[0], &chip->chip.pic,
			sizeof(struct kvm_pic_state));
		spin_unlock(&pic->lock);
		break;
	case KVM_IRQCHIP_PIC_SLAVE:
		spin_lock(&pic->lock);
		memcpy(&pic->pics[1], &chip->chip.pic,
			sizeof(struct kvm_pic_state));
		spin_unlock(&pic->lock);
		break;
	case KVM_IRQCHIP_IOAPIC:
		kvm_set_ioapic(kvm, &chip->chip.ioapic);
		break;
	default:
		r = -EINVAL;
		break;
	}
	kvm_pic_update_irq(pic);
	return r;
}

static int kvm_vm_ioctl_get_pit(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_pit_state *ps)
{
	struct kvm_kpit_state *kps = &kvm->arch.vpit->pit_state;

	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(*ps) != sizeof(kps->channels));

	mutex_lock(&kps->lock);
	memcpy(ps, &kps->channels, sizeof(*ps));
	mutex_unlock(&kps->lock);
	return 0;
}

static int kvm_vm_ioctl_set_pit(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_pit_state *ps)
{
	int i;
	struct kvm_pit *pit = kvm->arch.vpit;

	mutex_lock(&pit->pit_state.lock);
	memcpy(&pit->pit_state.channels, ps, sizeof(*ps));
	for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
		kvm_pit_load_count(pit, i, ps->channels[i].count, 0);
	mutex_unlock(&pit->pit_state.lock);
	return 0;
}

static int kvm_vm_ioctl_get_pit2(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_pit_state2 *ps)
{
	mutex_lock(&kvm->arch.vpit->pit_state.lock);
	memcpy(ps->channels, &kvm->arch.vpit->pit_state.channels,
		sizeof(ps->channels));
	ps->flags = kvm->arch.vpit->pit_state.flags;
	mutex_unlock(&kvm->arch.vpit->pit_state.lock);
	memset(&ps->reserved, 0, sizeof(ps->reserved));
	return 0;
}

static int kvm_vm_ioctl_set_pit2(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_pit_state2 *ps)
{
	int start = 0;
	int i;
	u32 prev_legacy, cur_legacy;
	struct kvm_pit *pit = kvm->arch.vpit;

	mutex_lock(&pit->pit_state.lock);
	prev_legacy = pit->pit_state.flags & KVM_PIT_FLAGS_HPET_LEGACY;
	cur_legacy = ps->flags & KVM_PIT_FLAGS_HPET_LEGACY;
	if (!prev_legacy && cur_legacy)
		start = 1;
	memcpy(&pit->pit_state.channels, &ps->channels,
	       sizeof(pit->pit_state.channels));
	pit->pit_state.flags = ps->flags;
	for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
		kvm_pit_load_count(pit, i, pit->pit_state.channels[i].count,
				   start && i == 0);
	mutex_unlock(&pit->pit_state.lock);
	return 0;
}

static int kvm_vm_ioctl_reinject(struct kvm *kvm,
				 struct kvm_reinject_control *control)
{
	struct kvm_pit *pit = kvm->arch.vpit;

	/* pit->pit_state.lock was overloaded to prevent userspace from getting
	 * an inconsistent state after running multiple KVM_REINJECT_CONTROL
	 * ioctls in parallel.  Use a separate lock if that ioctl isn't rare.
	 */
	mutex_lock(&pit->pit_state.lock);
	kvm_pit_set_reinject(pit, control->pit_reinject);
	mutex_unlock(&pit->pit_state.lock);

	return 0;
}

void kvm_arch_sync_dirty_log(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot)
{

	/*
	 * Flush all CPUs' dirty log buffers to the  dirty_bitmap.  Called
	 * before reporting dirty_bitmap to userspace.  KVM flushes the buffers
	 * on all VM-Exits, thus we only need to kick running vCPUs to force a
	 * VM-Exit.
	 */
	struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu;
	int i;

	kvm_for_each_vcpu(i, vcpu, kvm)
		kvm_vcpu_kick(vcpu);
}

int kvm_vm_ioctl_irq_line(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_irq_level *irq_event,
			bool line_status)
{
	if (!irqchip_in_kernel(kvm))
		return -ENXIO;

	irq_event->status = kvm_set_irq(kvm, KVM_USERSPACE_IRQ_SOURCE_ID,
					irq_event->irq, irq_event->level,
					line_status);
	return 0;
}

int kvm_vm_ioctl_enable_cap(struct kvm *kvm,
			    struct kvm_enable_cap *cap)
{
	int r;

	if (cap->flags)
		return -EINVAL;

	switch (cap->cap) {
	case KVM_CAP_DISABLE_QUIRKS:
		kvm->arch.disabled_quirks = cap->args[0];
		r = 0;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_SPLIT_IRQCHIP: {
		mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
		r = -EINVAL;
		if (cap->args[0] > MAX_NR_RESERVED_IOAPIC_PINS)
			goto split_irqchip_unlock;
		r = -EEXIST;
		if (irqchip_in_kernel(kvm))
			goto split_irqchip_unlock;
		if (kvm->created_vcpus)
			goto split_irqchip_unlock;
		r = kvm_setup_empty_irq_routing(kvm);
		if (r)
			goto split_irqchip_unlock;
		/* Pairs with irqchip_in_kernel. */
		smp_wmb();
		kvm->arch.irqchip_mode = KVM_IRQCHIP_SPLIT;
		kvm->arch.nr_reserved_ioapic_pins = cap->args[0];
		r = 0;
split_irqchip_unlock:
		mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_CAP_X2APIC_API:
		r = -EINVAL;
		if (cap->args[0] & ~KVM_X2APIC_API_VALID_FLAGS)
			break;

		if (cap->args[0] & KVM_X2APIC_API_USE_32BIT_IDS)
			kvm->arch.x2apic_format = true;
		if (cap->args[0] & KVM_X2APIC_API_DISABLE_BROADCAST_QUIRK)
			kvm->arch.x2apic_broadcast_quirk_disabled = true;

		r = 0;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_X86_DISABLE_EXITS:
		r = -EINVAL;
		if (cap->args[0] & ~KVM_X86_DISABLE_VALID_EXITS)
			break;

		if ((cap->args[0] & KVM_X86_DISABLE_EXITS_MWAIT) &&
			kvm_can_mwait_in_guest())
			kvm->arch.mwait_in_guest = true;
		if (cap->args[0] & KVM_X86_DISABLE_EXITS_HLT)
			kvm->arch.hlt_in_guest = true;
		if (cap->args[0] & KVM_X86_DISABLE_EXITS_PAUSE)
			kvm->arch.pause_in_guest = true;
		if (cap->args[0] & KVM_X86_DISABLE_EXITS_CSTATE)
			kvm->arch.cstate_in_guest = true;
		r = 0;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_MSR_PLATFORM_INFO:
		kvm->arch.guest_can_read_msr_platform_info = cap->args[0];
		r = 0;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_EXCEPTION_PAYLOAD:
		kvm->arch.exception_payload_enabled = cap->args[0];
		r = 0;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_X86_USER_SPACE_MSR:
		kvm->arch.user_space_msr_mask = cap->args[0];
		r = 0;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_X86_BUS_LOCK_EXIT:
		r = -EINVAL;
		if (cap->args[0] & ~KVM_BUS_LOCK_DETECTION_VALID_MODE)
			break;

		if ((cap->args[0] & KVM_BUS_LOCK_DETECTION_OFF) &&
		    (cap->args[0] & KVM_BUS_LOCK_DETECTION_EXIT))
			break;

		if (kvm_has_bus_lock_exit &&
		    cap->args[0] & KVM_BUS_LOCK_DETECTION_EXIT)
			kvm->arch.bus_lock_detection_enabled = true;
		r = 0;
		break;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_SGX_KVM
	case KVM_CAP_SGX_ATTRIBUTE: {
		unsigned long allowed_attributes = 0;

		r = sgx_set_attribute(&allowed_attributes, cap->args[0]);
		if (r)
			break;

		/* KVM only supports the PROVISIONKEY privileged attribute. */
		if ((allowed_attributes & SGX_ATTR_PROVISIONKEY) &&
		    !(allowed_attributes & ~SGX_ATTR_PROVISIONKEY))
			kvm->arch.sgx_provisioning_allowed = true;
		else
			r = -EINVAL;
		break;
	}
#endif
	case KVM_CAP_VM_COPY_ENC_CONTEXT_FROM:
		r = -EINVAL;
		if (kvm_x86_ops.vm_copy_enc_context_from)
			r = kvm_x86_ops.vm_copy_enc_context_from(kvm, cap->args[0]);
		return r;
	case KVM_CAP_EXIT_HYPERCALL:
		if (cap->args[0] & ~KVM_EXIT_HYPERCALL_VALID_MASK) {
			r = -EINVAL;
			break;
		}
		kvm->arch.hypercall_exit_enabled = cap->args[0];
		r = 0;
		break;
	case KVM_CAP_EXIT_ON_EMULATION_FAILURE:
		r = -EINVAL;
		if (cap->args[0] & ~1)
			break;
		kvm->arch.exit_on_emulation_error = cap->args[0];
		r = 0;
		break;
	default:
		r = -EINVAL;
		break;
	}
	return r;
}

static struct kvm_x86_msr_filter *kvm_alloc_msr_filter(bool default_allow)
{
	struct kvm_x86_msr_filter *msr_filter;

	msr_filter = kzalloc(sizeof(*msr_filter), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT);
	if (!msr_filter)
		return NULL;

	msr_filter->default_allow = default_allow;
	return msr_filter;
}

static void kvm_free_msr_filter(struct kvm_x86_msr_filter *msr_filter)
{
	u32 i;

	if (!msr_filter)
		return;

	for (i = 0; i < msr_filter->count; i++)
		kfree(msr_filter->ranges[i].bitmap);

	kfree(msr_filter);
}

static int kvm_add_msr_filter(struct kvm_x86_msr_filter *msr_filter,
			      struct kvm_msr_filter_range *user_range)
{
	unsigned long *bitmap = NULL;
	size_t bitmap_size;

	if (!user_range->nmsrs)
		return 0;

	if (user_range->flags & ~(KVM_MSR_FILTER_READ | KVM_MSR_FILTER_WRITE))
		return -EINVAL;

	if (!user_range->flags)
		return -EINVAL;

	bitmap_size = BITS_TO_LONGS(user_range->nmsrs) * sizeof(long);
	if (!bitmap_size || bitmap_size > KVM_MSR_FILTER_MAX_BITMAP_SIZE)
		return -EINVAL;

	bitmap = memdup_user((__user u8*)user_range->bitmap, bitmap_size);
	if (IS_ERR(bitmap))
		return PTR_ERR(bitmap);

	msr_filter->ranges[msr_filter->count] = (struct msr_bitmap_range) {
		.flags = user_range->flags,
		.base = user_range->base,
		.nmsrs = user_range->nmsrs,
		.bitmap = bitmap,
	};

	msr_filter->count++;
	return 0;
}

static int kvm_vm_ioctl_set_msr_filter(struct kvm *kvm, void __user *argp)
{
	struct kvm_msr_filter __user *user_msr_filter = argp;
	struct kvm_x86_msr_filter *new_filter, *old_filter;
	struct kvm_msr_filter filter;
	bool default_allow;
	bool empty = true;
	int r = 0;
	u32 i;

	if (copy_from_user(&filter, user_msr_filter, sizeof(filter)))
		return -EFAULT;

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(filter.ranges); i++)
		empty &= !filter.ranges[i].nmsrs;

	default_allow = !(filter.flags & KVM_MSR_FILTER_DEFAULT_DENY);
	if (empty && !default_allow)
		return -EINVAL;

	new_filter = kvm_alloc_msr_filter(default_allow);
	if (!new_filter)
		return -ENOMEM;

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(filter.ranges); i++) {
		r = kvm_add_msr_filter(new_filter, &filter.ranges[i]);
		if (r) {
			kvm_free_msr_filter(new_filter);
			return r;
		}
	}

	mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);

	/* The per-VM filter is protected by kvm->lock... */
	old_filter = srcu_dereference_check(kvm->arch.msr_filter, &kvm->srcu, 1);

	rcu_assign_pointer(kvm->arch.msr_filter, new_filter);
	synchronize_srcu(&kvm->srcu);

	kvm_free_msr_filter(old_filter);

	kvm_make_all_cpus_request(kvm, KVM_REQ_MSR_FILTER_CHANGED);
	mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);

	return 0;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_KVM_PM_NOTIFIER
static int kvm_arch_suspend_notifier(struct kvm *kvm)
{
	struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu;
	int i, ret = 0;

	mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
	kvm_for_each_vcpu(i, vcpu, kvm) {
		if (!vcpu->arch.pv_time_enabled)
			continue;

		ret = kvm_set_guest_paused(vcpu);
		if (ret) {
			kvm_err("Failed to pause guest VCPU%d: %d\n",
				vcpu->vcpu_id, ret);
			break;
		}
	}
	mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);

	return ret ? NOTIFY_BAD : NOTIFY_DONE;
}

int kvm_arch_pm_notifier(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long state)
{
	switch (state) {
	case PM_HIBERNATION_PREPARE:
	case PM_SUSPEND_PREPARE:
		return kvm_arch_suspend_notifier(kvm);
	}

	return NOTIFY_DONE;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_KVM_PM_NOTIFIER */

long kvm_arch_vm_ioctl(struct file *filp,
		       unsigned int ioctl, unsigned long arg)
{
	struct kvm *kvm = filp->private_data;
	void __user *argp = (void __user *)arg;
	int r = -ENOTTY;
	/*
	 * This union makes it completely explicit to gcc-3.x
	 * that these two variables' stack usage should be
	 * combined, not added together.
	 */
	union {
		struct kvm_pit_state ps;
		struct kvm_pit_state2 ps2;
		struct kvm_pit_config pit_config;
	} u;

	switch (ioctl) {
	case KVM_SET_TSS_ADDR:
		r = kvm_vm_ioctl_set_tss_addr(kvm, arg);
		break;
	case KVM_SET_IDENTITY_MAP_ADDR: {
		u64 ident_addr;

		mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
		r = -EINVAL;
		if (kvm->created_vcpus)
			goto set_identity_unlock;
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&ident_addr, argp, sizeof(ident_addr)))
			goto set_identity_unlock;
		r = kvm_vm_ioctl_set_identity_map_addr(kvm, ident_addr);
set_identity_unlock:
		mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_NR_MMU_PAGES:
		r = kvm_vm_ioctl_set_nr_mmu_pages(kvm, arg);
		break;
	case KVM_GET_NR_MMU_PAGES:
		r = kvm_vm_ioctl_get_nr_mmu_pages(kvm);
		break;
	case KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP: {
		mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);

		r = -EEXIST;
		if (irqchip_in_kernel(kvm))
			goto create_irqchip_unlock;

		r = -EINVAL;
		if (kvm->created_vcpus)
			goto create_irqchip_unlock;

		r = kvm_pic_init(kvm);
		if (r)
			goto create_irqchip_unlock;

		r = kvm_ioapic_init(kvm);
		if (r) {
			kvm_pic_destroy(kvm);
			goto create_irqchip_unlock;
		}

		r = kvm_setup_default_irq_routing(kvm);
		if (r) {
			kvm_ioapic_destroy(kvm);
			kvm_pic_destroy(kvm);
			goto create_irqchip_unlock;
		}
		/* Write kvm->irq_routing before enabling irqchip_in_kernel. */
		smp_wmb();
		kvm->arch.irqchip_mode = KVM_IRQCHIP_KERNEL;
	create_irqchip_unlock:
		mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_CREATE_PIT:
		u.pit_config.flags = KVM_PIT_SPEAKER_DUMMY;
		goto create_pit;
	case KVM_CREATE_PIT2:
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&u.pit_config, argp,
				   sizeof(struct kvm_pit_config)))
			goto out;
	create_pit:
		mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
		r = -EEXIST;
		if (kvm->arch.vpit)
			goto create_pit_unlock;
		r = -ENOMEM;
		kvm->arch.vpit = kvm_create_pit(kvm, u.pit_config.flags);
		if (kvm->arch.vpit)
			r = 0;
	create_pit_unlock:
		mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
		break;
	case KVM_GET_IRQCHIP: {
		/* 0: PIC master, 1: PIC slave, 2: IOAPIC */
		struct kvm_irqchip *chip;

		chip = memdup_user(argp, sizeof(*chip));
		if (IS_ERR(chip)) {
			r = PTR_ERR(chip);
			goto out;
		}

		r = -ENXIO;
		if (!irqchip_kernel(kvm))
			goto get_irqchip_out;
		r = kvm_vm_ioctl_get_irqchip(kvm, chip);
		if (r)
			goto get_irqchip_out;
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_to_user(argp, chip, sizeof(*chip)))
			goto get_irqchip_out;
		r = 0;
	get_irqchip_out:
		kfree(chip);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_IRQCHIP: {
		/* 0: PIC master, 1: PIC slave, 2: IOAPIC */
		struct kvm_irqchip *chip;

		chip = memdup_user(argp, sizeof(*chip));
		if (IS_ERR(chip)) {
			r = PTR_ERR(chip);
			goto out;
		}

		r = -ENXIO;
		if (!irqchip_kernel(kvm))
			goto set_irqchip_out;
		r = kvm_vm_ioctl_set_irqchip(kvm, chip);
	set_irqchip_out:
		kfree(chip);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_GET_PIT: {
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&u.ps, argp, sizeof(struct kvm_pit_state)))
			goto out;
		r = -ENXIO;
		if (!kvm->arch.vpit)
			goto out;
		r = kvm_vm_ioctl_get_pit(kvm, &u.ps);
		if (r)
			goto out;
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_to_user(argp, &u.ps, sizeof(struct kvm_pit_state)))
			goto out;
		r = 0;
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_PIT: {
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&u.ps, argp, sizeof(u.ps)))
			goto out;
		mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
		r = -ENXIO;
		if (!kvm->arch.vpit)
			goto set_pit_out;
		r = kvm_vm_ioctl_set_pit(kvm, &u.ps);
set_pit_out:
		mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_GET_PIT2: {
		r = -ENXIO;
		if (!kvm->arch.vpit)
			goto out;
		r = kvm_vm_ioctl_get_pit2(kvm, &u.ps2);
		if (r)
			goto out;
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_to_user(argp, &u.ps2, sizeof(u.ps2)))
			goto out;
		r = 0;
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_PIT2: {
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&u.ps2, argp, sizeof(u.ps2)))
			goto out;
		mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
		r = -ENXIO;
		if (!kvm->arch.vpit)
			goto set_pit2_out;
		r = kvm_vm_ioctl_set_pit2(kvm, &u.ps2);
set_pit2_out:
		mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_REINJECT_CONTROL: {
		struct kvm_reinject_control control;
		r =  -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&control, argp, sizeof(control)))
			goto out;
		r = -ENXIO;
		if (!kvm->arch.vpit)
			goto out;
		r = kvm_vm_ioctl_reinject(kvm, &control);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_BOOT_CPU_ID:
		r = 0;
		mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
		if (kvm->created_vcpus)
			r = -EBUSY;
		else
			kvm->arch.bsp_vcpu_id = arg;
		mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
		break;
#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_XEN
	case KVM_XEN_HVM_CONFIG: {
		struct kvm_xen_hvm_config xhc;
		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&xhc, argp, sizeof(xhc)))
			goto out;
		r = kvm_xen_hvm_config(kvm, &xhc);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_XEN_HVM_GET_ATTR: {
		struct kvm_xen_hvm_attr xha;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&xha, argp, sizeof(xha)))
			goto out;
		r = kvm_xen_hvm_get_attr(kvm, &xha);
		if (!r && copy_to_user(argp, &xha, sizeof(xha)))
			r = -EFAULT;
		break;
	}
	case KVM_XEN_HVM_SET_ATTR: {
		struct kvm_xen_hvm_attr xha;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&xha, argp, sizeof(xha)))
			goto out;
		r = kvm_xen_hvm_set_attr(kvm, &xha);
		break;
	}
#endif
	case KVM_SET_CLOCK: {
		struct kvm_arch *ka = &kvm->arch;
		struct kvm_clock_data user_ns;
		u64 now_ns;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&user_ns, argp, sizeof(user_ns)))
			goto out;

		r = -EINVAL;
		if (user_ns.flags)
			goto out;

		r = 0;
		/*
		 * TODO: userspace has to take care of races with VCPU_RUN, so
		 * kvm_gen_update_masterclock() can be cut down to locked
		 * pvclock_update_vm_gtod_copy().
		 */
		kvm_gen_update_masterclock(kvm);

		/*
		 * This pairs with kvm_guest_time_update(): when masterclock is
		 * in use, we use master_kernel_ns + kvmclock_offset to set
		 * unsigned 'system_time' so if we use get_kvmclock_ns() (which
		 * is slightly ahead) here we risk going negative on unsigned
		 * 'system_time' when 'user_ns.clock' is very small.
		 */
		spin_lock_irq(&ka->pvclock_gtod_sync_lock);
		if (kvm->arch.use_master_clock)
			now_ns = ka->master_kernel_ns;
		else
			now_ns = get_kvmclock_base_ns();
		ka->kvmclock_offset = user_ns.clock - now_ns;
		spin_unlock_irq(&ka->pvclock_gtod_sync_lock);

		kvm_make_all_cpus_request(kvm, KVM_REQ_CLOCK_UPDATE);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_GET_CLOCK: {
		struct kvm_clock_data user_ns;
		u64 now_ns;

		now_ns = get_kvmclock_ns(kvm);
		user_ns.clock = now_ns;
		user_ns.flags = kvm->arch.use_master_clock ? KVM_CLOCK_TSC_STABLE : 0;
		memset(&user_ns.pad, 0, sizeof(user_ns.pad));

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_to_user(argp, &user_ns, sizeof(user_ns)))
			goto out;
		r = 0;
		break;
	}
	case KVM_MEMORY_ENCRYPT_OP: {
		r = -ENOTTY;
		if (kvm_x86_ops.mem_enc_op)
			r = static_call(kvm_x86_mem_enc_op)(kvm, argp);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_MEMORY_ENCRYPT_REG_REGION: {
		struct kvm_enc_region region;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&region, argp, sizeof(region)))
			goto out;

		r = -ENOTTY;
		if (kvm_x86_ops.mem_enc_reg_region)
			r = static_call(kvm_x86_mem_enc_reg_region)(kvm, &region);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_MEMORY_ENCRYPT_UNREG_REGION: {
		struct kvm_enc_region region;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&region, argp, sizeof(region)))
			goto out;

		r = -ENOTTY;
		if (kvm_x86_ops.mem_enc_unreg_region)
			r = static_call(kvm_x86_mem_enc_unreg_region)(kvm, &region);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_HYPERV_EVENTFD: {
		struct kvm_hyperv_eventfd hvevfd;

		r = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(&hvevfd, argp, sizeof(hvevfd)))
			goto out;
		r = kvm_vm_ioctl_hv_eventfd(kvm, &hvevfd);
		break;
	}
	case KVM_SET_PMU_EVENT_FILTER:
		r = kvm_vm_ioctl_set_pmu_event_filter(kvm, argp);
		break;
	case KVM_X86_SET_MSR_FILTER:
		r = kvm_vm_ioctl_set_msr_filter(kvm, argp);
		break;
	default:
		r = -ENOTTY;
	}
out:
	return r;
}

static void kvm_init_msr_list(void)
{
	struct x86_pmu_capability x86_pmu;
	u32 dummy[2];
	unsigned i;

	BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(INTEL_PMC_MAX_FIXED != 4,
			 "Please update the fixed PMCs in msrs_to_saved_all[]");

	perf_get_x86_pmu_capability(&x86_pmu);

	num_msrs_to_save = 0;
	num_emulated_msrs = 0;
	num_msr_based_features = 0;

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(msrs_to_save_all); i++) {
		if (rdmsr_safe(msrs_to_save_all[i], &dummy[0], &dummy[1]) < 0)
			continue;

		/*
		 * Even MSRs that are valid in the host may not be exposed
		 * to the guests in some cases.
		 */
		switch (msrs_to_save_all[i]) {
		case MSR_IA32_BNDCFGS:
			if (!kvm_mpx_supported())
				continue;
			break;
		case MSR_TSC_AUX:
			if (!kvm_cpu_cap_has(X86_FEATURE_RDTSCP) &&
			    !kvm_cpu_cap_has(X86_FEATURE_RDPID))
				continue;
			break;
		case MSR_IA32_UMWAIT_CONTROL:
			if (!kvm_cpu_cap_has(X86_FEATURE_WAITPKG))
				continue;
			break;
		case MSR_IA32_RTIT_CTL:
		case MSR_IA32_RTIT_STATUS:
			if (!kvm_cpu_cap_has(X86_FEATURE_INTEL_PT))
				continue;
			break;
		case MSR_IA32_RTIT_CR3_MATCH:
			if (!kvm_cpu_cap_has(X86_FEATURE_INTEL_PT) ||
			    !intel_pt_validate_hw_cap(PT_CAP_cr3_filtering))
				continue;
			break;
		case MSR_IA32_RTIT_OUTPUT_BASE:
		case MSR_IA32_RTIT_OUTPUT_MASK:
			if (!kvm_cpu_cap_has(X86_FEATURE_INTEL_PT) ||
				(!intel_pt_validate_hw_cap(PT_CAP_topa_output) &&
				 !intel_pt_validate_hw_cap(PT_CAP_single_range_output)))
				continue;
			break;
		case MSR_IA32_RTIT_ADDR0_A ... MSR_IA32_RTIT_ADDR3_B:
			if (!kvm_cpu_cap_has(X86_FEATURE_INTEL_PT) ||
				msrs_to_save_all[i] - MSR_IA32_RTIT_ADDR0_A >=
				intel_pt_validate_hw_cap(PT_CAP_num_address_ranges) * 2)
				continue;
			break;
		case MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 ... MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 + 17:
			if (msrs_to_save_all[i] - MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_PERFCTR0 >=
			    min(INTEL_PMC_MAX_GENERIC, x86_pmu.num_counters_gp))
				continue;
			break;
		case MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 ... MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 + 17:
			if (msrs_to_save_all[i] - MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL0 >=
			    min(INTEL_PMC_MAX_GENERIC, x86_pmu.num_counters_gp))
				continue;
			break;
		default:
			break;
		}

		msrs_to_save[num_msrs_to_save++] = msrs_to_save_all[i];
	}

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(emulated_msrs_all); i++) {
		if (!static_call(kvm_x86_has_emulated_msr)(NULL, emulated_msrs_all[i]))
			continue;

		emulated_msrs[num_emulated_msrs++] = emulated_msrs_all[i];
	}

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(msr_based_features_all); i++) {
		struct kvm_msr_entry msr;

		msr.index = msr_based_features_all[i];
		if (kvm_get_msr_feature(&msr))
			continue;

		msr_based_features[num_msr_based_features++] = msr_based_features_all[i];
	}
}

static int vcpu_mmio_write(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t addr, int len,
			   const void *v)
{
	int handled = 0;
	int n;

	do {
		n = min(len, 8);
		if (!(lapic_in_kernel(vcpu) &&
		      !kvm_iodevice_write(vcpu, &vcpu->arch.apic->dev, addr, n, v))
		    && kvm_io_bus_write(vcpu, KVM_MMIO_BUS, addr, n, v))
			break;
		handled += n;
		addr += n;
		len -= n;
		v += n;
	} while (len);

	return handled;
}

static int vcpu_mmio_read(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t addr, int len, void *v)
{
	int handled = 0;
	int n;

	do {
		n = min(len, 8);
		if (!(lapic_in_kernel(vcpu) &&
		      !kvm_iodevice_read(vcpu, &vcpu->arch.apic->dev,
					 addr, n, v))
		    && kvm_io_bus_read(vcpu, KVM_MMIO_BUS, addr, n,