/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*  linux/include/linux/clocksource.h
 *  This file contains the structure definitions for clocksources.
 *  If you are not a clocksource, or timekeeping code, you should
 *  not be including this file!

#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/timex.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/of.h>
#include <linux/clocksource_ids.h>
#include <asm/div64.h>
#include <asm/io.h>

struct clocksource;
struct module;

#include <asm/clocksource.h>

#include <vdso/clocksource.h>

 * struct clocksource - hardware abstraction for a free running counter
 *	Provides mostly state-free accessors to the underlying hardware.
 *	This is the structure used for system time.
 * @read:		Returns a cycle value, passes clocksource as argument
 * @mask:		Bitmask for two's complement
 *			subtraction of non 64 bit counters
 * @mult:		Cycle to nanosecond multiplier
 * @shift:		Cycle to nanosecond divisor (power of two)
 * @max_idle_ns:	Maximum idle time permitted by the clocksource (nsecs)
 * @maxadj:		Maximum adjustment value to mult (~11%)
 * @uncertainty_margin:	Maximum uncertainty in nanoseconds per half second.
 *			Zero says to use default WATCHDOG_THRESHOLD.
 * @archdata:		Optional arch-specific data
 * @max_cycles:		Maximum safe cycle value which won't overflow on
 *			multiplication
 * @name:		Pointer to clocksource name
 * @list:		List head for registration (internal)
 * @rating:		Rating value for selection (higher is better)
 *			To avoid rating inflation the following
 *			list should give you a guide as to how
 *			to assign your clocksource a rating
 *			1-99: Unfit for real use
 *				Only available for bootup and testing purposes.
 *			100-199: Base level usability.
 *				Functional for real use, but not desired.
 *			200-299: Good.
 *				A correct and usable clocksource.
 *			300-399: Desired.
 *				A reasonably fast and accurate clocksource.
 *			400-499: Perfect
 *				The ideal clocksource. A must-use where
 *				available.
 * @id:			Defaults to CSID_GENERIC. The id value is captured
 *			in certain snapshot functions to allow callers to
 *			validate the clocksource from which the snapshot was
 *			taken.
 * @flags:		Flags describing special properties
 * @enable:		Optional function to enable the clocksource
 * @disable:		Optional function to disable the clocksource
 * @suspend:		Optional suspend function for the clocksource
 * @resume:		Optional resume function for the clocksource
 * @mark_unstable:	Optional function to inform the clocksource driver that
 *			the watchdog marked the clocksource unstable
 * @tick_stable:        Optional function called periodically from the watchdog
 *			code to provide stable synchronization points
 * @wd_list:		List head to enqueue into the watchdog list (internal)
 * @cs_last:		Last clocksource value for clocksource watchdog
 * @wd_last:		Last watchdog value corresponding to @cs_last
 * @owner:		Module reference, must be set by clocksource in modules
 * Note: This struct is not used in hotpathes of the timekeeping code
 * because the timekeeper caches the hot path fields in its own data
 * structure, so no cache line alignment is required,
 * The pointer to the clocksource itself is handed to the read
 * callback. If you need extra information there you can wrap struct
 * clocksource into your own struct. Depending on the amount of
 * information you need you should consider to cache line align that
 * structure.
struct clocksource {
	u64			(*read)(struct clocksource *cs);
	u64			mask;
	u32			mult;
	u32			shift;
	u64			max_idle_ns;
	u32			maxadj;
	u32			uncertainty_margin;
	struct arch_clocksource_data archdata;
	u64			max_cycles;
	const char		*name;
	struct list_head	list;
	int			rating;
	enum clocksource_ids	id;
	enum vdso_clock_mode	vdso_clock_mode;
	unsigned long		flags;

	int			(*enable)(struct clocksource *cs);
	void			(*disable)(struct clocksource *cs);
	void			(*suspend)(struct clocksource *cs);
	void			(*resume)(struct clocksource *cs);
	void			(*mark_unstable)(struct clocksource *cs);
	void			(*tick_stable)(struct clocksource *cs);

	/* private: */
	/* Watchdog related data, used by the framework */
	struct list_head	wd_list;
	u64			cs_last;
	u64			wd_last;
	struct module		*owner;

 * Clock source flags bits::

/* simplify initialization of mask field */
#define CLOCKSOURCE_MASK(bits) GENMASK_ULL((bits) - 1, 0)

static inline u32 clocksource_freq2mult(u32 freq, u32 shift_constant, u64 from)
	/*  freq = cyc/from
	 *  mult/2^shift  = ns/cyc
	 *  mult = ns/cyc * 2^shift
	 *  mult = from/freq * 2^shift
	 *  mult = from * 2^shift / freq
	 *  mult = (from<<shift) / freq
	u64 tmp = ((u64)from) << shift_constant;

	tmp += freq/2; /* round for do_div */
	do_div(tmp, freq);

	return (u32)tmp;

 * clocksource_khz2mult - calculates mult from khz and shift
 * @khz:		Clocksource frequency in KHz
 * @shift_constant:	Clocksource shift factor
 * Helper functions that converts a khz counter frequency to a timsource
 * multiplier, given the clocksource shift value
static inline u32 clocksource_khz2mult(u32 khz, u32 shift_constant)
	return clocksource_freq2mult(khz, shift_constant, NSEC_PER_MSEC);

 * clocksource_hz2mult - calculates mult from hz and shift
 * @hz:			Clocksource frequency in Hz
 * @shift_constant:	Clocksource shift factor
 * Helper functions that converts a hz counter
 * frequency to a timsource multiplier, given the
 * clocksource shift value
static inline u32 clocksource_hz2mult(u32 hz, u32 shift_constant)
	return clocksource_freq2mult(hz, shift_constant, NSEC_PER_SEC);

 * clocksource_cyc2ns - converts clocksource cycles to nanoseconds
 * @cycles:	cycles
 * @mult:	cycle to nanosecond multiplier
 * @shift:	cycle to nanosecond divisor (power of two)
 * Converts clocksource cycles to nanoseconds, using the given @mult and @shift.
 * The code is optimized for performance and is not intended to work
 * with absolute clocksource cycles (as those will easily overflow),
 * but is only intended to be used with relative (delta) clocksource cycles.
 * XXX - This could use some mult_lxl_ll() asm optimization
static inline s64 clocksource_cyc2ns(u64 cycles, u32 mult, u32 shift)
	return ((u64) cycles * mult) >> shift;

extern int clocksource_unregister(struct clocksource*);
extern void clocksource_touch_watchdog(void);
extern void clocksource_change_rating(struct clocksource *cs, int rating);
extern void clocksource_suspend(void);
extern void clocksource_resume(void);
extern struct clocksource * __init clocksource_default_clock(void);
extern void clocksource_mark_unstable(struct clocksource *cs);
extern void
clocksource_start_suspend_timing(struct clocksource *cs, u64 start_cycles);
extern u64 clocksource_stop_suspend_timing(struct clocksource *cs, u64 now);

extern u64
clocks_calc_max_nsecs(u32 mult, u32 shift, u32 maxadj, u64 mask, u64 *max_cycles);
extern void
clocks_calc_mult_shift(u32 *mult, u32 *shift, u32 from, u32 to, u32 minsec);

 * Don't call __clocksource_register_scale directly, use
 * clocksource_register_hz/khz
extern int
__clocksource_register_scale(struct clocksource *cs, u32 scale, u32 freq);
extern void
__clocksource_update_freq_scale(struct clocksource *cs, u32 scale, u32 freq);

 * Don't call this unless you are a default clocksource
 * (AKA: jiffies) and absolutely have to.
static inline int __clocksource_register(struct clocksource *cs)
	return __clocksource_register_scale(cs, 1, 0);

static inline int clocksource_register_hz(struct clocksource *cs, u32 hz)
	return __clocksource_register_scale(cs, 1, hz);

static inline int clocksource_register_khz(struct clocksource *cs, u32 khz)
	return __clocksource_register_scale(cs, 1000, khz);

static inline void __clocksource_update_freq_hz(struct clocksource *cs, u32 hz)
	__clocksource_update_freq_scale(cs, 1, hz);

static inline void __clocksource_update_freq_khz(struct clocksource *cs, u32 khz)
	__clocksource_update_freq_scale(cs, 1000, khz);

extern void clocksource_arch_init(struct clocksource *cs);
static inline void clocksource_arch_init(struct clocksource *cs) { }

extern int timekeeping_notify(struct clocksource *clock);

extern u64 clocksource_mmio_readl_up(struct clocksource *);
extern u64 clocksource_mmio_readl_down(struct clocksource *);
extern u64 clocksource_mmio_readw_up(struct clocksource *);
extern u64 clocksource_mmio_readw_down(struct clocksource *);

extern int clocksource_mmio_init(void __iomem *, const char *,
	unsigned long, int, unsigned, u64 (*)(struct clocksource *));

extern int clocksource_i8253_init(void);

#define TIMER_OF_DECLARE(name, compat, fn) \
	OF_DECLARE_1_RET(timer, name, compat, fn)

extern void timer_probe(void);
static inline void timer_probe(void) {}

#define TIMER_ACPI_DECLARE(name, table_id, fn)		\
	ACPI_DECLARE_PROBE_ENTRY(timer, name, table_id, 0, NULL, 0, fn)

extern ulong max_cswd_read_retries;
void clocksource_verify_percpu(struct clocksource *cs);