// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
/*
 *  Fast Userspace Mutexes (which I call "Futexes!").
 *  (C) Rusty Russell, IBM 2002
 *
 *  Generalized futexes, futex requeueing, misc fixes by Ingo Molnar
 *  (C) Copyright 2003 Red Hat Inc, All Rights Reserved
 *
 *  Removed page pinning, fix privately mapped COW pages and other cleanups
 *  (C) Copyright 2003, 2004 Jamie Lokier
 *
 *  Robust futex support started by Ingo Molnar
 *  (C) Copyright 2006 Red Hat Inc, All Rights Reserved
 *  Thanks to Thomas Gleixner for suggestions, analysis and fixes.
 *
 *  PI-futex support started by Ingo Molnar and Thomas Gleixner
 *  Copyright (C) 2006 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
 *  Copyright (C) 2006 Timesys Corp., Thomas Gleixner <tglx@timesys.com>
 *
 *  PRIVATE futexes by Eric Dumazet
 *  Copyright (C) 2007 Eric Dumazet <dada1@cosmosbay.com>
 *
 *  Requeue-PI support by Darren Hart <dvhltc@us.ibm.com>
 *  Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2009
 *  Thanks to Thomas Gleixner for conceptual design and careful reviews.
 *
 *  Thanks to Ben LaHaise for yelling "hashed waitqueues" loudly
 *  enough at me, Linus for the original (flawed) idea, Matthew
 *  Kirkwood for proof-of-concept implementation.
 *
 *  "The futexes are also cursed."
 *  "But they come in a choice of three flavours!"
 */
#include <linux/compat.h>
#include <linux/jhash.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/memblock.h>
#include <linux/fault-inject.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>

#include "futex.h"
#include "../locking/rtmutex_common.h"

/*
 * The base of the bucket array and its size are always used together
 * (after initialization only in futex_hash()), so ensure that they
 * reside in the same cacheline.
 */
static struct {
	struct futex_hash_bucket *queues;
	unsigned long            hashsize;
} __futex_data __read_mostly __aligned(2*sizeof(long));
#define futex_queues   (__futex_data.queues)
#define futex_hashsize (__futex_data.hashsize)


/*
 * Fault injections for futexes.
 */
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIL_FUTEX

static struct {
	struct fault_attr attr;

	bool ignore_private;
} fail_futex = {
	.attr = FAULT_ATTR_INITIALIZER,
	.ignore_private = false,
};

static int __init setup_fail_futex(char *str)
{
	return setup_fault_attr(&fail_futex.attr, str);
}
__setup("fail_futex=", setup_fail_futex);

bool should_fail_futex(bool fshared)
{
	if (fail_futex.ignore_private && !fshared)
		return false;

	return should_fail(&fail_futex.attr, 1);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION_DEBUG_FS

static int __init fail_futex_debugfs(void)
{
	umode_t mode = S_IFREG | S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR;
	struct dentry *dir;

	dir = fault_create_debugfs_attr("fail_futex", NULL,
					&fail_futex.attr);
	if (IS_ERR(dir))
		return PTR_ERR(dir);

	debugfs_create_bool("ignore-private", mode, dir,
			    &fail_futex.ignore_private);
	return 0;
}

late_initcall(fail_futex_debugfs);

#endif /* CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION_DEBUG_FS */

#endif /* CONFIG_FAIL_FUTEX */

/**
 * futex_hash - Return the hash bucket in the global hash
 * @key:	Pointer to the futex key for which the hash is calculated
 *
 * We hash on the keys returned from get_futex_key (see below) and return the
 * corresponding hash bucket in the global hash.
 */
struct futex_hash_bucket *futex_hash(union futex_key *key)
{
	u32 hash = jhash2((u32 *)key, offsetof(typeof(*key), both.offset) / 4,
			  key->both.offset);

	return &futex_queues[hash & (futex_hashsize - 1)];
}


/**
 * futex_setup_timer - set up the sleeping hrtimer.
 * @time:	ptr to the given timeout value
 * @timeout:	the hrtimer_sleeper structure to be set up
 * @flags:	futex flags
 * @range_ns:	optional range in ns
 *
 * Return: Initialized hrtimer_sleeper structure or NULL if no timeout
 *	   value given
 */
struct hrtimer_sleeper *
futex_setup_timer(ktime_t *time, struct hrtimer_sleeper *timeout,
		  int flags, u64 range_ns)
{
	if (!time)
		return NULL;

	hrtimer_init_sleeper_on_stack(timeout, (flags & FLAGS_CLOCKRT) ?
				      CLOCK_REALTIME : CLOCK_MONOTONIC,
				      HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
	/*
	 * If range_ns is 0, calling hrtimer_set_expires_range_ns() is
	 * effectively the same as calling hrtimer_set_expires().
	 */
	hrtimer_set_expires_range_ns(&timeout->timer, *time, range_ns);

	return timeout;
}

/*
 * Generate a machine wide unique identifier for this inode.
 *
 * This relies on u64 not wrapping in the life-time of the machine; which with
 * 1ns resolution means almost 585 years.
 *
 * This further relies on the fact that a well formed program will not unmap
 * the file while it has a (shared) futex waiting on it. This mapping will have
 * a file reference which pins the mount and inode.
 *
 * If for some reason an inode gets evicted and read back in again, it will get
 * a new sequence number and will _NOT_ match, even though it is the exact same
 * file.
 *
 * It is important that futex_match() will never have a false-positive, esp.
 * for PI futexes that can mess up the state. The above argues that false-negatives
 * are only possible for malformed programs.
 */
static u64 get_inode_sequence_number(struct inode *inode)
{
	static atomic64_t i_seq;
	u64 old;

	/* Does the inode already have a sequence number? */
	old = atomic64_read(&inode->i_sequence);
	if (likely(old))
		return old;

	for (;;) {
		u64 new = atomic64_add_return(1, &i_seq);
		if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!new))
			continue;

		old = atomic64_cmpxchg_relaxed(&inode->i_sequence, 0, new);
		if (old)
			return old;
		return new;
	}
}

/**
 * get_futex_key() - Get parameters which are the keys for a futex
 * @uaddr:	virtual address of the futex
 * @fshared:	false for a PROCESS_PRIVATE futex, true for PROCESS_SHARED
 * @key:	address where result is stored.
 * @rw:		mapping needs to be read/write (values: FUTEX_READ,
 *              FUTEX_WRITE)
 *
 * Return: a negative error code or 0
 *
 * The key words are stored in @key on success.
 *
 * For shared mappings (when @fshared), the key is:
 *
 *   ( inode->i_sequence, page->index, offset_within_page )
 *
 * [ also see get_inode_sequence_number() ]
 *
 * For private mappings (or when !@fshared), the key is:
 *
 *   ( current->mm, address, 0 )
 *
 * This allows (cross process, where applicable) identification of the futex
 * without keeping the page pinned for the duration of the FUTEX_WAIT.
 *
 * lock_page() might sleep, the caller should not hold a spinlock.
 */
int get_futex_key(u32 __user *uaddr, bool fshared, union futex_key *key,
		  enum futex_access rw)
{
	unsigned long address = (unsigned long)uaddr;
	struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
	struct page *page, *tail;
	struct address_space *mapping;
	int err, ro = 0;

	/*
	 * The futex address must be "naturally" aligned.
	 */
	key->both.offset = address % PAGE_SIZE;
	if (unlikely((address % sizeof(u32)) != 0))
		return -EINVAL;
	address -= key->both.offset;

	if (unlikely(!access_ok(uaddr, sizeof(u32))))
		return -EFAULT;

	if (unlikely(should_fail_futex(fshared)))
		return -EFAULT;

	/*
	 * PROCESS_PRIVATE futexes are fast.
	 * As the mm cannot disappear under us and the 'key' only needs
	 * virtual address, we dont even have to find the underlying vma.
	 * Note : We do have to check 'uaddr' is a valid user address,
	 *        but access_ok() should be faster than find_vma()
	 */
	if (!fshared) {
		key->private.mm = mm;
		key->private.address = address;
		return 0;
	}

again:
	/* Ignore any VERIFY_READ mapping (futex common case) */
	if (unlikely(should_fail_futex(true)))
		return -EFAULT;

	err = get_user_pages_fast(address, 1, FOLL_WRITE, &page);
	/*
	 * If write access is not required (eg. FUTEX_WAIT), try
	 * and get read-only access.
	 */
	if (err == -EFAULT && rw == FUTEX_READ) {
		err = get_user_pages_fast(address, 1, 0, &page);
		ro = 1;
	}
	if (err < 0)
		return err;
	else
		err = 0;

	/*
	 * The treatment of mapping from this point on is critical. The page
	 * lock protects many things but in this context the page lock
	 * stabilizes mapping, prevents inode freeing in the shared
	 * file-backed region case and guards against movement to swap cache.
	 *
	 * Strictly speaking the page lock is not needed in all cases being
	 * considered here and page lock forces unnecessarily serialization
	 * From this point on, mapping will be re-verified if necessary and
	 * page lock will be acquired only if it is unavoidable
	 *
	 * Mapping checks require the head page for any compound page so the
	 * head page and mapping is looked up now. For anonymous pages, it
	 * does not matter if the page splits in the future as the key is
	 * based on the address. For filesystem-backed pages, the tail is
	 * required as the index of the page determines the key. For
	 * base pages, there is no tail page and tail == page.
	 */
	tail = page;
	page = compound_head(page);
	mapping = READ_ONCE(page->mapping);

	/*
	 * If page->mapping is NULL, then it cannot be a PageAnon
	 * page; but it might be the ZERO_PAGE or in the gate area or
	 * in a special mapping (all cases which we are happy to fail);
	 * or it may have been a good file page when get_user_pages_fast
	 * found it, but truncated or holepunched or subjected to
	 * invalidate_complete_page2 before we got the page lock (also
	 * cases which we are happy to fail).  And we hold a reference,
	 * so refcount care in invalidate_inode_page's remove_mapping
	 * prevents drop_caches from setting mapping to NULL beneath us.
	 *
	 * The case we do have to guard against is when memory pressure made
	 * shmem_writepage move it from filecache to swapcache beneath us:
	 * an unlikely race, but we do need to retry for page->mapping.
	 */
	if (unlikely(!mapping)) {
		int shmem_swizzled;

		/*
		 * Page lock is required to identify which special case above
		 * applies. If this is really a shmem page then the page lock
		 * will prevent unexpected transitions.
		 */
		lock_page(page);
		shmem_swizzled = PageSwapCache(page) || page->mapping;
		unlock_page(page);
		put_page(page);

		if (shmem_swizzled)
			goto again;

		return -EFAULT;
	}

	/*
	 * Private mappings are handled in a simple way.
	 *
	 * If the futex key is stored on an anonymous page, then the associated
	 * object is the mm which is implicitly pinned by the calling process.
	 *
	 * NOTE: When userspace waits on a MAP_SHARED mapping, even if
	 * it's a read-only handle, it's expected that futexes attach to
	 * the object not the particular process.
	 */
	if (PageAnon(page)) {
		/*
		 * A RO anonymous page will never change and thus doesn't make
		 * sense for futex operations.
		 */
		if (unlikely(should_fail_futex(true)) || ro) {
			err = -EFAULT;
			goto out;
		}

		key->both.offset |= FUT_OFF_MMSHARED; /* ref taken on mm */
		key->private.mm = mm;
		key->private.address = address;

	} else {
		struct inode *inode;

		/*
		 * The associated futex object in this case is the inode and
		 * the page->mapping must be traversed. Ordinarily this should
		 * be stabilised under page lock but it's not strictly
		 * necessary in this case as we just want to pin the inode, not
		 * update the radix tree or anything like that.
		 *
		 * The RCU read lock is taken as the inode is finally freed
		 * under RCU. If the mapping still matches expectations then the
		 * mapping->host can be safely accessed as being a valid inode.
		 */
		rcu_read_lock();

		if (READ_ONCE(page->mapping) != mapping) {
			rcu_read_unlock();
			put_page(page);

			goto again;
		}

		inode = READ_ONCE(mapping->host);
		if (!inode) {
			rcu_read_unlock();
			put_page(page);

			goto again;
		}

		key->both.offset |= FUT_OFF_INODE; /* inode-based key */
		key->shared.i_seq = get_inode_sequence_number(inode);
		key->shared.pgoff = page_to_pgoff(tail);
		rcu_read_unlock();
	}

out:
	put_page(page);
	return err;
}

/**
 * fault_in_user_writeable() - Fault in user address and verify RW access
 * @uaddr:	pointer to faulting user space address
 *
 * Slow path to fixup the fault we just took in the atomic write
 * access to @uaddr.
 *
 * We have no generic implementation of a non-destructive write to the
 * user address. We know that we faulted in the atomic pagefault
 * disabled section so we can as well avoid the #PF overhead by
 * calling get_user_pages() right away.
 */
int fault_in_user_writeable(u32 __user *uaddr)
{
	struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
	int ret;

	mmap_read_lock(mm);
	ret = fixup_user_fault(mm, (unsigned long)uaddr,
			       FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, NULL);
	mmap_read_unlock(mm);

	return ret < 0 ? ret : 0;
}

/**
 * futex_top_waiter() - Return the highest priority waiter on a futex
 * @hb:		the hash bucket the futex_q's reside in
 * @key:	the futex key (to distinguish it from other futex futex_q's)
 *
 * Must be called with the hb lock held.
 */
struct futex_q *futex_top_waiter(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb, union futex_key *key)
{
	struct futex_q *this;

	plist_for_each_entry(this, &hb->chain, list) {
		if (futex_match(&this->key, key))
			return this;
	}
	return NULL;
}

int futex_cmpxchg_value_locked(u32 *curval, u32 __user *uaddr, u32 uval, u32 newval)
{
	int ret;

	pagefault_disable();
	ret = futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(curval, uaddr, uval, newval);
	pagefault_enable();

	return ret;
}

int futex_get_value_locked(u32 *dest, u32 __user *from)
{
	int ret;

	pagefault_disable();
	ret = __get_user(*dest, from);
	pagefault_enable();

	return ret ? -EFAULT : 0;
}

/**
 * wait_for_owner_exiting - Block until the owner has exited
 * @ret: owner's current futex lock status
 * @exiting:	Pointer to the exiting task
 *
 * Caller must hold a refcount on @exiting.
 */
void wait_for_owner_exiting(int ret, struct task_struct *exiting)
{
	if (ret != -EBUSY) {
		WARN_ON_ONCE(exiting);
		return;
	}

	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(ret == -EBUSY && !exiting))
		return;

	mutex_lock(&exiting->futex_exit_mutex);
	/*
	 * No point in doing state checking here. If the waiter got here
	 * while the task was in exec()->exec_futex_release() then it can
	 * have any FUTEX_STATE_* value when the waiter has acquired the
	 * mutex. OK, if running, EXITING or DEAD if it reached exit()
	 * already. Highly unlikely and not a problem. Just one more round
	 * through the futex maze.
	 */
	mutex_unlock(&exiting->futex_exit_mutex);

	put_task_struct(exiting);
}

/**
 * __futex_unqueue() - Remove the futex_q from its futex_hash_bucket
 * @q:	The futex_q to unqueue
 *
 * The q->lock_ptr must not be NULL and must be held by the caller.
 */
void __futex_unqueue(struct futex_q *q)
{
	struct futex_hash_bucket *hb;

	if (WARN_ON_SMP(!q->lock_ptr) || WARN_ON(plist_node_empty(&q->list)))
		return;
	lockdep_assert_held(q->lock_ptr);

	hb = container_of(q->lock_ptr, struct futex_hash_bucket, lock);
	plist_del(&q->list, &hb->chain);
	futex_hb_waiters_dec(hb);
}

/* The key must be already stored in q->key. */
struct futex_hash_bucket *futex_q_lock(struct futex_q *q)
	__acquires(&hb->lock)
{
	struct futex_hash_bucket *hb;

	hb = futex_hash(&q->key);

	/*
	 * Increment the counter before taking the lock so that
	 * a potential waker won't miss a to-be-slept task that is
	 * waiting for the spinlock. This is safe as all futex_q_lock()
	 * users end up calling futex_queue(). Similarly, for housekeeping,
	 * decrement the counter at futex_q_unlock() when some error has
	 * occurred and we don't end up adding the task to the list.
	 */
	futex_hb_waiters_inc(hb); /* implies smp_mb(); (A) */

	q->lock_ptr = &hb->lock;

	spin_lock(&hb->lock);
	return hb;
}

void futex_q_unlock(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb)
	__releases(&hb->lock)
{
	spin_unlock(&hb->lock);
	futex_hb_waiters_dec(hb);
}

void __futex_queue(struct futex_q *q, struct futex_hash_bucket *hb)
{
	int prio;

	/*
	 * The priority used to register this element is
	 * - either the real thread-priority for the real-time threads
	 * (i.e. threads with a priority lower than MAX_RT_PRIO)
	 * - or MAX_RT_PRIO for non-RT threads.
	 * Thus, all RT-threads are woken first in priority order, and
	 * the others are woken last, in FIFO order.
	 */
	prio = min(current->normal_prio, MAX_RT_PRIO);

	plist_node_init(&q->list, prio);
	plist_add(&q->list, &hb->chain);
	q->task = current;
}

/**
 * futex_unqueue() - Remove the futex_q from its futex_hash_bucket
 * @q:	The futex_q to unqueue
 *
 * The q->lock_ptr must not be held by the caller. A call to futex_unqueue() must
 * be paired with exactly one earlier call to futex_queue().
 *
 * Return:
 *  - 1 - if the futex_q was still queued (and we removed unqueued it);
 *  - 0 - if the futex_q was already removed by the waking thread
 */
int futex_unqueue(struct futex_q *q)
{
	spinlock_t *lock_ptr;
	int ret = 0;

	/* In the common case we don't take the spinlock, which is nice. */
retry:
	/*
	 * q->lock_ptr can change between this read and the following spin_lock.
	 * Use READ_ONCE to forbid the compiler from reloading q->lock_ptr and
	 * optimizing lock_ptr out of the logic below.
	 */
	lock_ptr = READ_ONCE(q->lock_ptr);
	if (lock_ptr != NULL) {
		spin_lock(lock_ptr);
		/*
		 * q->lock_ptr can change between reading it and
		 * spin_lock(), causing us to take the wrong lock.  This
		 * corrects the race condition.
		 *
		 * Reasoning goes like this: if we have the wrong lock,
		 * q->lock_ptr must have changed (maybe several times)
		 * between reading it and the spin_lock().  It can
		 * change again after the spin_lock() but only if it was
		 * already changed before the spin_lock().  It cannot,
		 * however, change back to the original value.  Therefore
		 * we can detect whether we acquired the correct lock.
		 */
		if (unlikely(lock_ptr != q->lock_ptr)) {
			spin_unlock(lock_ptr);
			goto retry;
		}
		__futex_unqueue(q);

		BUG_ON(q->pi_state);

		spin_unlock(lock_ptr);
		ret = 1;
	}

	return ret;
}

/*
 * PI futexes can not be requeued and must remove themselves from the
 * hash bucket. The hash bucket lock (i.e. lock_ptr) is held.
 */
void futex_unqueue_pi(struct futex_q *q)
{
	__futex_unqueue(q);

	BUG_ON(!q->pi_state);
	put_pi_state(q->pi_state);
	q->pi_state = NULL;
}

/* Constants for the pending_op argument of handle_futex_death */
#define HANDLE_DEATH_PENDING	true
#define HANDLE_DEATH_LIST	false

/*
 * Process a futex-list entry, check whether it's owned by the
 * dying task, and do notification if so:
 */
static int handle_futex_death(u32 __user *uaddr, struct task_struct *curr,
			      bool pi, bool pending_op)
{
	u32 uval, nval, mval;
	int err;

	/* Futex address must be 32bit aligned */
	if ((((unsigned long)uaddr) % sizeof(*uaddr)) != 0)
		return -1;

retry:
	if (get_user(uval, uaddr))
		return -1;

	/*
	 * Special case for regular (non PI) futexes. The unlock path in
	 * user space has two race scenarios:
	 *
	 * 1. The unlock path releases the user space futex value and
	 *    before it can execute the futex() syscall to wake up
	 *    waiters it is killed.
	 *
	 * 2. A woken up waiter is killed before it can acquire the
	 *    futex in user space.
	 *
	 * In both cases the TID validation below prevents a wakeup of
	 * potential waiters which can cause these waiters to block
	 * forever.
	 *
	 * In both cases the following conditions are met:
	 *
	 *	1) task->robust_list->list_op_pending != NULL
	 *	   @pending_op == true
	 *	2) User space futex value == 0
	 *	3) Regular futex: @pi == false
	 *
	 * If these conditions are met, it is safe to attempt waking up a
	 * potential waiter without touching the user space futex value and
	 * trying to set the OWNER_DIED bit. The user space futex value is
	 * uncontended and the rest of the user space mutex state is
	 * consistent, so a woken waiter will just take over the
	 * uncontended futex. Setting the OWNER_DIED bit would create
	 * inconsistent state and malfunction of the user space owner died
	 * handling.
	 */
	if (pending_op && !pi && !uval) {
		futex_wake(uaddr, 1, 1, FUTEX_BITSET_MATCH_ANY);
		return 0;
	}

	if ((uval & FUTEX_TID_MASK) != task_pid_vnr(curr))
		return 0;

	/*
	 * Ok, this dying thread is truly holding a futex
	 * of interest. Set the OWNER_DIED bit atomically
	 * via cmpxchg, and if the value had FUTEX_WAITERS
	 * set, wake up a waiter (if any). (We have to do a
	 * futex_wake() even if OWNER_DIED is already set -
	 * to handle the rare but possible case of recursive
	 * thread-death.) The rest of the cleanup is done in
	 * userspace.
	 */
	mval = (uval & FUTEX_WAITERS) | FUTEX_OWNER_DIED;

	/*
	 * We are not holding a lock here, but we want to have
	 * the pagefault_disable/enable() protection because
	 * we want to handle the fault gracefully. If the
	 * access fails we try to fault in the futex with R/W
	 * verification via get_user_pages. get_user() above
	 * does not guarantee R/W access. If that fails we
	 * give up and leave the futex locked.
	 */
	if ((err = futex_cmpxchg_value_locked(&nval, uaddr, uval, mval))) {
		switch (err) {
		case -EFAULT:
			if (fault_in_user_writeable(uaddr))
				return -1;
			goto retry;

		case -EAGAIN:
			cond_resched();
			goto retry;

		default:
			WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
			return err;
		}
	}

	if (nval != uval)
		goto retry;

	/*
	 * Wake robust non-PI futexes here. The wakeup of
	 * PI futexes happens in exit_pi_state():
	 */
	if (!pi && (uval & FUTEX_WAITERS))
		futex_wake(uaddr, 1, 1, FUTEX_BITSET_MATCH_ANY);

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Fetch a robust-list pointer. Bit 0 signals PI futexes:
 */
static inline int fetch_robust_entry(struct robust_list __user **entry,
				     struct robust_list __user * __user *head,
				     unsigned int *pi)
{
	unsigned long uentry;

	if (get_user(uentry, (unsigned long __user *)head))
		return -EFAULT;

	*entry = (void __user *)(uentry & ~1UL);
	*pi = uentry & 1;

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Walk curr->robust_list (very carefully, it's a userspace list!)
 * and mark any locks found there dead, and notify any waiters.
 *
 * We silently return on any sign of list-walking problem.
 */
static void exit_robust_list(struct task_struct *curr)
{
	struct robust_list_head __user *head = curr->robust_list;
	struct robust_list __user *entry, *next_entry, *pending;
	unsigned int limit = ROBUST_LIST_LIMIT, pi, pip;
	unsigned int next_pi;
	unsigned long futex_offset;
	int rc;

	/*
	 * Fetch the list head (which was registered earlier, via
	 * sys_set_robust_list()):
	 */
	if (fetch_robust_entry(&entry, &head->list.next, &pi))
		return;
	/*
	 * Fetch the relative futex offset:
	 */
	if (get_user(futex_offset, &head->futex_offset))
		return;
	/*
	 * Fetch any possibly pending lock-add first, and handle it
	 * if it exists:
	 */
	if (fetch_robust_entry(&pending, &head->list_op_pending, &pip))
		return;

	next_entry = NULL;	/* avoid warning with gcc */
	while (entry != &head->list) {
		/*
		 * Fetch the next entry in the list before calling
		 * handle_futex_death:
		 */
		rc = fetch_robust_entry(&next_entry, &entry->next, &next_pi);
		/*
		 * A pending lock might already be on the list, so
		 * don't process it twice:
		 */
		if (entry != pending) {
			if (handle_futex_death((void __user *)entry + futex_offset,
						curr, pi, HANDLE_DEATH_LIST))
				return;
		}
		if (rc)
			return;
		entry = next_entry;
		pi = next_pi;
		/*
		 * Avoid excessively long or circular lists:
		 */
		if (!--limit)
			break;

		cond_resched();
	}

	if (pending) {
		handle_futex_death((void __user *)pending + futex_offset,
				   curr, pip, HANDLE_DEATH_PENDING);
	}
}

#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
static void __user *futex_uaddr(struct robust_list __user *entry,
				compat_long_t futex_offset)
{
	compat_uptr_t base = ptr_to_compat(entry);
	void __user *uaddr = compat_ptr(base + futex_offset);

	return uaddr;
}

/*
 * Fetch a robust-list pointer. Bit 0 signals PI futexes:
 */
static inline int
compat_fetch_robust_entry(compat_uptr_t *uentry, struct robust_list __user **entry,
		   compat_uptr_t __user *head, unsigned int *pi)
{
	if (get_user(*uentry, head))
		return -EFAULT;

	*entry = compat_ptr((*uentry) & ~1);
	*pi = (unsigned int)(*uentry) & 1;

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Walk curr->robust_list (very carefully, it's a userspace list!)
 * and mark any locks found there dead, and notify any waiters.
 *
 * We silently return on any sign of list-walking problem.
 */
static void compat_exit_robust_list(struct task_struct *curr)
{
	struct compat_robust_list_head __user *head = curr->compat_robust_list;
	struct robust_list __user *entry, *next_entry, *pending;
	unsigned int limit = ROBUST_LIST_LIMIT, pi, pip;
	unsigned int next_pi;
	compat_uptr_t uentry, next_uentry, upending;
	compat_long_t futex_offset;
	int rc;

	/*
	 * Fetch the list head (which was registered earlier, via
	 * sys_set_robust_list()):
	 */
	if (compat_fetch_robust_entry(&uentry, &entry, &head->list.next, &pi))
		return;
	/*
	 * Fetch the relative futex offset:
	 */
	if (get_user(futex_offset, &head->futex_offset))
		return;
	/*
	 * Fetch any possibly pending lock-add first, and handle it
	 * if it exists:
	 */
	if (compat_fetch_robust_entry(&upending, &pending,
			       &head->list_op_pending, &pip))
		return;

	next_entry = NULL;	/* avoid warning with gcc */
	while (entry != (struct robust_list __user *) &head->list) {
		/*
		 * Fetch the next entry in the list before calling
		 * handle_futex_death:
		 */
		rc = compat_fetch_robust_entry(&next_uentry, &next_entry,
			(compat_uptr_t __user *)&entry->next, &next_pi);
		/*
		 * A pending lock might already be on the list, so
		 * dont process it twice:
		 */
		if (entry != pending) {
			void __user *uaddr = futex_uaddr(entry, futex_offset);

			if (handle_futex_death(uaddr, curr, pi,
					       HANDLE_DEATH_LIST))
				return;
		}
		if (rc)
			return;
		uentry = next_uentry;
		entry = next_entry;
		pi = next_pi;
		/*
		 * Avoid excessively long or circular lists:
		 */
		if (!--limit)
			break;

		cond_resched();
	}
	if (pending) {
		void __user *uaddr = futex_uaddr(pending, futex_offset);

		handle_futex_death(uaddr, curr, pip, HANDLE_DEATH_PENDING);
	}
}
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX_PI

/*
 * This task is holding PI mutexes at exit time => bad.
 * Kernel cleans up PI-state, but userspace is likely hosed.
 * (Robust-futex cleanup is separate and might save the day for userspace.)
 */
static void exit_pi_state_list(struct task_struct *curr)
{
	struct list_head *next, *head = &curr->pi_state_list;
	struct futex_pi_state *pi_state;
	struct futex_hash_bucket *hb;
	union futex_key key = FUTEX_KEY_INIT;

	/*
	 * We are a ZOMBIE and nobody can enqueue itself on
	 * pi_state_list anymore, but we have to be careful
	 * versus waiters unqueueing themselves:
	 */
	raw_spin_lock_irq(&curr->pi_lock);
	while (!list_empty(head)) {
		next = head->next;
		pi_state = list_entry(next, struct futex_pi_state, list);
		key = pi_state->key;
		hb = futex_hash(&key);

		/*
		 * We can race against put_pi_state() removing itself from the
		 * list (a waiter going away). put_pi_state() will first
		 * decrement the reference count and then modify the list, so
		 * its possible to see the list entry but fail this reference
		 * acquire.
		 *
		 * In that case; drop the locks to let put_pi_state() make
		 * progress and retry the loop.
		 */
		if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&pi_state->refcount)) {
			raw_spin_unlock_irq(&curr->pi_lock);
			cpu_relax();
			raw_spin_lock_irq(&curr->pi_lock);
			continue;
		}
		raw_spin_unlock_irq(&curr->pi_lock);

		spin_lock(&hb->lock);
		raw_spin_lock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
		raw_spin_lock(&curr->pi_lock);
		/*
		 * We dropped the pi-lock, so re-check whether this
		 * task still owns the PI-state:
		 */
		if (head->next != next) {
			/* retain curr->pi_lock for the loop invariant */
			raw_spin_unlock(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
			spin_unlock(&hb->lock);
			put_pi_state(pi_state);
			continue;
		}

		WARN_ON(pi_state->owner != curr);
		WARN_ON(list_empty(&pi_state->list));
		list_del_init(&pi_state->list);
		pi_state->owner = NULL;

		raw_spin_unlock(&curr->pi_lock);
		raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
		spin_unlock(&hb->lock);

		rt_mutex_futex_unlock(&pi_state->pi_mutex);
		put_pi_state(pi_state);

		raw_spin_lock_irq(&curr->pi_lock);
	}
	raw_spin_unlock_irq(&curr->pi_lock);
}
#else
static inline void exit_pi_state_list(struct task_struct *curr) { }
#endif

static void futex_cleanup(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
	if (unlikely(tsk->robust_list)) {
		exit_robust_list(tsk);
		tsk->robust_list = NULL;
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	if (unlikely(tsk->compat_robust_list)) {
		compat_exit_robust_list(tsk);
		tsk->compat_robust_list = NULL;
	}
#endif

	if (unlikely(!list_empty(&tsk->pi_state_list)))
		exit_pi_state_list(tsk);
}

/**
 * futex_exit_recursive - Set the tasks futex state to FUTEX_STATE_DEAD
 * @tsk:	task to set the state on
 *
 * Set the futex exit state of the task lockless. The futex waiter code
 * observes that state when a task is exiting and loops until the task has
 * actually finished the futex cleanup. The worst case for this is that the
 * waiter runs through the wait loop until the state becomes visible.
 *
 * This is called from the recursive fault handling path in make_task_dead().
 *
 * This is best effort. Either the futex exit code has run already or
 * not. If the OWNER_DIED bit has been set on the futex then the waiter can
 * take it over. If not, the problem is pushed back to user space. If the
 * futex exit code did not run yet, then an already queued waiter might
 * block forever, but there is nothing which can be done about that.
 */
void futex_exit_recursive(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
	/* If the state is FUTEX_STATE_EXITING then futex_exit_mutex is held */
	if (tsk->futex_state == FUTEX_STATE_EXITING)
		mutex_unlock(&tsk->futex_exit_mutex);
	tsk->futex_state = FUTEX_STATE_DEAD;
}

static void futex_cleanup_begin(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
	/*
	 * Prevent various race issues against a concurrent incoming waiter
	 * including live locks by forcing the waiter to block on
	 * tsk->futex_exit_mutex when it observes FUTEX_STATE_EXITING in
	 * attach_to_pi_owner().
	 */
	mutex_lock(&tsk->futex_exit_mutex);

	/*
	 * Switch the state to FUTEX_STATE_EXITING under tsk->pi_lock.
	 *
	 * This ensures that all subsequent checks of tsk->futex_state in
	 * attach_to_pi_owner() must observe FUTEX_STATE_EXITING with
	 * tsk->pi_lock held.
	 *
	 * It guarantees also that a pi_state which was queued right before
	 * the state change under tsk->pi_lock by a concurrent waiter must
	 * be observed in exit_pi_state_list().
	 */
	raw_spin_lock_irq(&tsk->pi_lock);
	tsk->futex_state = FUTEX_STATE_EXITING;
	raw_spin_unlock_irq(&tsk->pi_lock);
}

static void futex_cleanup_end(struct task_struct *tsk, int state)
{
	/*
	 * Lockless store. The only side effect is that an observer might
	 * take another loop until it becomes visible.
	 */
	tsk->futex_state = state;
	/*
	 * Drop the exit protection. This unblocks waiters which observed
	 * FUTEX_STATE_EXITING to reevaluate the state.
	 */
	mutex_unlock(&tsk->futex_exit_mutex);
}

void futex_exec_release(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
	/*
	 * The state handling is done for consistency, but in the case of
	 * exec() there is no way to prevent further damage as the PID stays
	 * the same. But for the unlikely and arguably buggy case that a
	 * futex is held on exec(), this provides at least as much state
	 * consistency protection which is possible.
	 */
	futex_cleanup_begin(tsk);
	futex_cleanup(tsk);
	/*
	 * Reset the state to FUTEX_STATE_OK. The task is alive and about
	 * exec a new binary.
	 */
	futex_cleanup_end(tsk, FUTEX_STATE_OK);
}

void futex_exit_release(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
	futex_cleanup_begin(tsk);
	futex_cleanup(tsk);
	futex_cleanup_end(tsk, FUTEX_STATE_DEAD);
}

static int __init futex_init(void)
{
	unsigned int futex_shift;
	unsigned long i;

#if CONFIG_BASE_SMALL
	futex_hashsize = 16;
#else
	futex_hashsize = roundup_pow_of_two(256 * num_possible_cpus());
#endif

	futex_queues = alloc_large_system_hash("futex", sizeof(*futex_queues),
					       futex_hashsize, 0,
					       futex_hashsize < 256 ? HASH_SMALL : 0,
					       &futex_shift, NULL,
					       futex_hashsize, futex_hashsize);
	futex_hashsize = 1UL << futex_shift;

	for (i = 0; i < futex_hashsize; i++) {
		atomic_set(&futex_queues[i].waiters, 0);
		plist_head_init(&futex_queues[i].chain);
		spin_lock_init(&futex_queues[i].lock);
	}

	return 0;
}
core_initcall