/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
 * Macros for manipulating and testing page->flags

#ifndef PAGE_FLAGS_H
#define PAGE_FLAGS_H

#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/bug.h>
#include <linux/mmdebug.h>
#include <linux/mm_types.h>
#include <generated/bounds.h>
#endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS_H */

 * Various page->flags bits:
 * PG_reserved is set for special pages. The "struct page" of such a page
 * should in general not be touched (e.g. set dirty) except by its owner.
 * Pages marked as PG_reserved include:
 * - Pages part of the kernel image (including vDSO) and similar (e.g. BIOS,
 *   initrd, HW tables)
 * - Pages reserved or allocated early during boot (before the page allocator
 *   was initialized). This includes (depending on the architecture) the
 *   initial vmemmap, initial page tables, crashkernel, elfcorehdr, and much
 *   much more. Once (if ever) freed, PG_reserved is cleared and they will
 *   be given to the page allocator.
 * - Pages falling into physical memory gaps - not IORESOURCE_SYSRAM. Trying
 *   to read/write these pages might end badly. Don't touch!
 * - The zero page(s)
 * - Pages not added to the page allocator when onlining a section because
 *   they were excluded via the online_page_callback() or because they are
 *   PG_hwpoison.
 * - Pages allocated in the context of kexec/kdump (loaded kernel image,
 *   control pages, vmcoreinfo)
 * - MMIO/DMA pages. Some architectures don't allow to ioremap pages that are
 *   not marked PG_reserved (as they might be in use by somebody else who does
 *   not respect the caching strategy).
 * - Pages part of an offline section (struct pages of offline sections should
 *   not be trusted as they will be initialized when first onlined).
 * - MCA pages on ia64
 * - Pages holding CPU notes for POWER Firmware Assisted Dump
 * - Device memory (e.g. PMEM, DAX, HMM)
 * Some PG_reserved pages will be excluded from the hibernation image.
 * PG_reserved does in general not hinder anybody from dumping or swapping
 * and is no longer required for remap_pfn_range(). ioremap might require it.
 * Consequently, PG_reserved for a page mapped into user space can indicate
 * the zero page, the vDSO, MMIO pages or device memory.
 * The PG_private bitflag is set on pagecache pages if they contain filesystem
 * specific data (which is normally at page->private). It can be used by
 * private allocations for its own usage.
 * During initiation of disk I/O, PG_locked is set. This bit is set before I/O
 * and cleared when writeback _starts_ or when read _completes_. PG_writeback
 * is set before writeback starts and cleared when it finishes.
 * PG_locked also pins a page in pagecache, and blocks truncation of the file
 * while it is held.
 * page_waitqueue(page) is a wait queue of all tasks waiting for the page
 * to become unlocked.
 * PG_swapbacked is set when a page uses swap as a backing storage.  This are
 * usually PageAnon or shmem pages but please note that even anonymous pages
 * might lose their PG_swapbacked flag when they simply can be dropped (e.g. as
 * a result of MADV_FREE).
 * PG_referenced, PG_reclaim are used for page reclaim for anonymous and
 * file-backed pagecache (see mm/vmscan.c).
 * PG_error is set to indicate that an I/O error occurred on this page.
 * PG_arch_1 is an architecture specific page state bit.  The generic code
 * guarantees that this bit is cleared for a page when it first is entered into
 * the page cache.
 * PG_hwpoison indicates that a page got corrupted in hardware and contains
 * data with incorrect ECC bits that triggered a machine check. Accessing is
 * not safe since it may cause another machine check. Don't touch!

 * Don't use the pageflags directly.  Use the PageFoo macros.
 * The page flags field is split into two parts, the main flags area
 * which extends from the low bits upwards, and the fields area which
 * extends from the high bits downwards.
 *  | FIELD | ... | FLAGS |
 *  N-1           ^       0
 *               (NR_PAGEFLAGS)
 * The fields area is reserved for fields mapping zone, node (for NUMA) and
 * SPARSEMEM section (for variants of SPARSEMEM that require section ids like
enum pageflags {
	PG_locked,		/* Page is locked. Don't touch. */
	PG_waiters,		/* Page has waiters, check its waitqueue. Must be bit #7 and in the same byte as "PG_locked" */
	PG_owner_priv_1,	/* Owner use. If pagecache, fs may use*/
	PG_private,		/* If pagecache, has fs-private data */
	PG_private_2,		/* If pagecache, has fs aux data */
	PG_writeback,		/* Page is under writeback */
	PG_head,		/* A head page */
	PG_mappedtodisk,	/* Has blocks allocated on-disk */
	PG_reclaim,		/* To be reclaimed asap */
	PG_swapbacked,		/* Page is backed by RAM/swap */
	PG_unevictable,		/* Page is "unevictable"  */
	PG_mlocked,		/* Page is vma mlocked */
	PG_uncached,		/* Page has been mapped as uncached */
	PG_hwpoison,		/* hardware poisoned page. Don't touch */
#if defined(CONFIG_PAGE_IDLE_FLAG) && defined(CONFIG_64BIT)
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT

	PG_readahead = PG_reclaim,

	/* Filesystems */
	PG_checked = PG_owner_priv_1,

	/* SwapBacked */
	PG_swapcache = PG_owner_priv_1,	/* Swap page: swp_entry_t in private */

	/* Two page bits are conscripted by FS-Cache to maintain local caching
	 * state.  These bits are set on pages belonging to the netfs's inodes
	 * when those inodes are being locally cached.
	PG_fscache = PG_private_2,	/* page backed by cache */

	/* XEN */
	/* Pinned in Xen as a read-only pagetable page. */
	PG_pinned = PG_owner_priv_1,
	/* Pinned as part of domain save (see xen_mm_pin_all()). */
	PG_savepinned = PG_dirty,
	/* Has a grant mapping of another (foreign) domain's page. */
	PG_foreign = PG_owner_priv_1,
	/* Remapped by swiotlb-xen. */
	PG_xen_remapped = PG_owner_priv_1,

	/* SLOB */
	PG_slob_free = PG_private,

	/* Compound pages. Stored in first tail page's flags */
	PG_double_map = PG_workingset,

	 * Compound pages. Stored in first tail page's flags.
	 * Indicates that at least one subpage is hwpoisoned in the
	 * THP.
	PG_has_hwpoisoned = PG_mappedtodisk,

	/* non-lru isolated movable page */
	PG_isolated = PG_reclaim,

	/* Only valid for buddy pages. Used to track pages that are reported */
	PG_reported = PG_uptodate,



static inline unsigned long _compound_head(const struct page *page)
	unsigned long head = READ_ONCE(page->compound_head);

	if (unlikely(head & 1))
		return head - 1;
	return (unsigned long)page;

#define compound_head(page)	((typeof(page))_compound_head(page))

 * page_folio - Converts from page to folio.
 * @p: The page.
 * Every page is part of a folio.  This function cannot be called on a
 * NULL pointer.
 * Context: No reference, nor lock is required on @page.  If the caller
 * does not hold a reference, this call may race with a folio split, so
 * it should re-check the folio still contains this page after gaining
 * a reference on the folio.
 * Return: The folio which contains this page.
#define page_folio(p)		(_Generic((p),				\
	const struct page *:	(const struct folio *)_compound_head(p), \
	struct page *:		(struct folio *)_compound_head(p)))

 * folio_page - Return a page from a folio.
 * @folio: The folio.
 * @n: The page number to return.
 * @n is relative to the start of the folio.  This function does not
 * check that the page number lies within @folio; the caller is presumed
 * to have a reference to the page.
#define folio_page(folio, n)	nth_page(&(folio)->page, n)

static __always_inline int PageTail(struct page *page)
	return READ_ONCE(page->compound_head) & 1;

static __always_inline int PageCompound(struct page *page)
	return test_bit(PG_head, &page->flags) || PageTail(page);

static inline int PagePoisoned(const struct page *page)
	return READ_ONCE(page->flags) == PAGE_POISON_PATTERN;

void page_init_poison(struct page *page, size_t size);
static inline void page_init_poison(struct page *page, size_t size)

static unsigned long *folio_flags(struct folio *folio, unsigned n)
	struct page *page = &folio->page;

	VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page);
	VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(n > 0 && !test_bit(PG_head, &page->flags), page);
	return &page[n].flags;

 * Page flags policies wrt compound pages
 *     check if this struct page poisoned/uninitialized
 * PF_ANY:
 *     the page flag is relevant for small, head and tail pages.
 *     for compound page all operations related to the page flag applied to
 *     head page.
 *     for compound page, callers only ever operate on the head page.
 *     modifications of the page flag must be done on small or head pages,
 *     checks can be done on tail pages too.
 *     the page flag is not relevant for compound pages.
 *     the page flag is stored in the first tail page.
#define PF_POISONED_CHECK(page) ({					\
		VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PagePoisoned(page), page);		\
		page; })
#define PF_ANY(page, enforce)	PF_POISONED_CHECK(page)
#define PF_HEAD(page, enforce)	PF_POISONED_CHECK(compound_head(page))
#define PF_ONLY_HEAD(page, enforce) ({					\
		VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page);		\
#define PF_NO_TAIL(page, enforce) ({					\
		VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(enforce && PageTail(page), page);	\
		PF_POISONED_CHECK(compound_head(page)); })
#define PF_NO_COMPOUND(page, enforce) ({				\
		VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(enforce && PageCompound(page), page);	\
#define PF_SECOND(page, enforce) ({					\
		VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(!PageHead(page), page);		\
		PF_POISONED_CHECK(&page[1]); })

/* Which page is the flag stored in */
#define FOLIO_PF_ANY		0
#define FOLIO_PF_HEAD		0
#define FOLIO_PF_NO_TAIL	0
#define FOLIO_PF_SECOND		1

 * Macros to create function definitions for page flags
#define TESTPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy)				\
static __always_inline bool folio_test_##lname(struct folio *folio)	\
{ return test_bit(PG_##lname, folio_flags(folio, FOLIO_##policy)); }	\
static __always_inline int Page##uname(struct page *page)		\
{ return test_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 0)->flags); }

#define SETPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy)				\
static __always_inline							\
void folio_set_##lname(struct folio *folio)				\
{ set_bit(PG_##lname, folio_flags(folio, FOLIO_##policy)); }		\
static __always_inline void SetPage##uname(struct page *page)		\
{ set_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); }

#define CLEARPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy)				\
static __always_inline							\
void folio_clear_##lname(struct folio *folio)				\
{ clear_bit(PG_##lname, folio_flags(folio, FOLIO_##policy)); }		\
static __always_inline void ClearPage##uname(struct page *page)		\
{ clear_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); }

#define __SETPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy)				\
static __always_inline							\
void __folio_set_##lname(struct folio *folio)				\
{ __set_bit(PG_##lname, folio_flags(folio, FOLIO_##policy)); }		\
static __always_inline void __SetPage##uname(struct page *page)		\
{ __set_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); }

#define __CLEARPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy)				\
static __always_inline							\
void __folio_clear_##lname(struct folio *folio)				\
{ __clear_bit(PG_##lname, folio_flags(folio, FOLIO_##policy)); }	\
static __always_inline void __ClearPage##uname(struct page *page)	\
{ __clear_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); }

#define TESTSETFLAG(uname, lname, policy)				\
static __always_inline							\
bool folio_test_set_##lname(struct folio *folio)			\
{ return test_and_set_bit(PG_##lname, folio_flags(folio, FOLIO_##policy)); } \
static __always_inline int TestSetPage##uname(struct page *page)	\
{ return test_and_set_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); }

#define TESTCLEARFLAG(uname, lname, policy)				\
static __always_inline							\
bool folio_test_clear_##lname(struct folio *folio)			\
{ return test_and_clear_bit(PG_##lname, folio_flags(folio, FOLIO_##policy)); } \
static __always_inline int TestClearPage##uname(struct page *page)	\
{ return test_and_clear_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); }

#define PAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy)					\
	TESTPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy)				\
	SETPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy)				\
	CLEARPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy)

#define __PAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy)				\
	TESTPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy)				\
	__SETPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy)				\
	__CLEARPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy)

#define TESTSCFLAG(uname, lname, policy)				\
	TESTSETFLAG(uname, lname, policy)				\
	TESTCLEARFLAG(uname, lname, policy)

#define TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(uname, lname)				\
static inline bool folio_test_##lname(const struct folio *folio) { return false; } \
static inline int Page##uname(const struct page *page) { return 0; }

#define SETPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname, lname)					\
static inline void folio_set_##lname(struct folio *folio) { }		\
static inline void SetPage##uname(struct page *page) {  }

#define CLEARPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname, lname)				\
static inline void folio_clear_##lname(struct folio *folio) { }		\
static inline void ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) {  }

#define __CLEARPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname, lname)				\
static inline void __folio_clear_##lname(struct folio *folio) { }	\
static inline void __ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) {  }

#define TESTSETFLAG_FALSE(uname, lname)					\
static inline bool folio_test_set_##lname(struct folio *folio)		\
{ return 0; }								\
static inline int TestSetPage##uname(struct page *page) { return 0; }

#define TESTCLEARFLAG_FALSE(uname, lname)				\
static inline bool folio_test_clear_##lname(struct folio *folio)	\
{ return 0; }								\
static inline int TestClearPage##uname(struct page *page) { return 0; }

#define PAGEFLAG_FALSE(uname, lname) TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(uname, lname)	\
	SETPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname, lname) CLEARPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname, lname)

#define TESTSCFLAG_FALSE(uname, lname)					\

__PAGEFLAG(Locked, locked, PF_NO_TAIL)
PAGEFLAG(Waiters, waiters, PF_ONLY_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Waiters, waiters, PF_ONLY_HEAD)
PAGEFLAG(Referenced, referenced, PF_HEAD)
	TESTCLEARFLAG(Referenced, referenced, PF_HEAD)
	__SETPAGEFLAG(Referenced, referenced, PF_HEAD)
PAGEFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD) TESTSCFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD)
PAGEFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD)
PAGEFLAG(Workingset, workingset, PF_HEAD)
	TESTCLEARFLAG(Workingset, workingset, PF_HEAD)
__PAGEFLAG(Slab, slab, PF_NO_TAIL)
__PAGEFLAG(SlobFree, slob_free, PF_NO_TAIL)
PAGEFLAG(Checked, checked, PF_NO_COMPOUND)	   /* Used by some filesystems */

/* Xen */
PAGEFLAG(SavePinned, savepinned, PF_NO_COMPOUND);
PAGEFLAG(Foreign, foreign, PF_NO_COMPOUND);
PAGEFLAG(XenRemapped, xen_remapped, PF_NO_COMPOUND)
	TESTCLEARFLAG(XenRemapped, xen_remapped, PF_NO_COMPOUND)

PAGEFLAG(Reserved, reserved, PF_NO_COMPOUND)
	__CLEARPAGEFLAG(Reserved, reserved, PF_NO_COMPOUND)
	__SETPAGEFLAG(Reserved, reserved, PF_NO_COMPOUND)
PAGEFLAG(SwapBacked, swapbacked, PF_NO_TAIL)
	__CLEARPAGEFLAG(SwapBacked, swapbacked, PF_NO_TAIL)
	__SETPAGEFLAG(SwapBacked, swapbacked, PF_NO_TAIL)

 * Private page markings that may be used by the filesystem that owns the page
 * for its own purposes.
 * - PG_private and PG_private_2 cause releasepage() and co to be invoked
PAGEFLAG(Private, private, PF_ANY)
PAGEFLAG(Private2, private_2, PF_ANY) TESTSCFLAG(Private2, private_2, PF_ANY)
PAGEFLAG(OwnerPriv1, owner_priv_1, PF_ANY)
	TESTCLEARFLAG(OwnerPriv1, owner_priv_1, PF_ANY)

 * Only test-and-set exist for PG_writeback.  The unconditional operators are
 * risky: they bypass page accounting.
TESTPAGEFLAG(Writeback, writeback, PF_NO_TAIL)
	TESTSCFLAG(Writeback, writeback, PF_NO_TAIL)
PAGEFLAG(MappedToDisk, mappedtodisk, PF_NO_TAIL)

/* PG_readahead is only used for reads; PG_reclaim is only for writes */
PAGEFLAG(Reclaim, reclaim, PF_NO_TAIL)
	TESTCLEARFLAG(Reclaim, reclaim, PF_NO_TAIL)
PAGEFLAG(Readahead, readahead, PF_NO_COMPOUND)
	TESTCLEARFLAG(Readahead, readahead, PF_NO_COMPOUND)

 * Must use a macro here due to header dependency issues. page_zone() is not
 * available at this point.
#define PageHighMem(__p) is_highmem_idx(page_zonenum(__p))
PAGEFLAG_FALSE(HighMem, highmem)

static __always_inline bool folio_test_swapcache(struct folio *folio)
	return folio_test_swapbacked(folio) &&
			test_bit(PG_swapcache, folio_flags(folio, 0));

static __always_inline bool PageSwapCache(struct page *page)
	return folio_test_swapcache(page_folio(page));

SETPAGEFLAG(SwapCache, swapcache, PF_NO_TAIL)
CLEARPAGEFLAG(SwapCache, swapcache, PF_NO_TAIL)
PAGEFLAG_FALSE(SwapCache, swapcache)

PAGEFLAG(Unevictable, unevictable, PF_HEAD)
	__CLEARPAGEFLAG(Unevictable, unevictable, PF_HEAD)
	TESTCLEARFLAG(Unevictable, unevictable, PF_HEAD)

PAGEFLAG(Mlocked, mlocked, PF_NO_TAIL)
	__CLEARPAGEFLAG(Mlocked, mlocked, PF_NO_TAIL)
	TESTSCFLAG(Mlocked, mlocked, PF_NO_TAIL)
PAGEFLAG_FALSE(Mlocked, mlocked) __CLEARPAGEFLAG_NOOP(Mlocked, mlocked)
	TESTSCFLAG_FALSE(Mlocked, mlocked)

PAGEFLAG(Uncached, uncached, PF_NO_COMPOUND)
PAGEFLAG_FALSE(Uncached, uncached)

PAGEFLAG(HWPoison, hwpoison, PF_ANY)
TESTSCFLAG(HWPoison, hwpoison, PF_ANY)
#define __PG_HWPOISON (1UL << PG_hwpoison)
#define MAGIC_HWPOISON	0x48575053U	/* HWPS */
extern void SetPageHWPoisonTakenOff(struct page *page);
extern void ClearPageHWPoisonTakenOff(struct page *page);
extern bool take_page_off_buddy(struct page *page);
extern bool put_page_back_buddy(struct page *page);
PAGEFLAG_FALSE(HWPoison, hwpoison)
#define __PG_HWPOISON 0

#if defined(CONFIG_PAGE_IDLE_FLAG) && defined(CONFIG_64BIT)
PAGEFLAG(Idle, idle, PF_ANY)

PAGEFLAG(SkipKASanPoison, skip_kasan_poison, PF_HEAD)
PAGEFLAG_FALSE(SkipKASanPoison, skip_kasan_poison)

 * PageReported() is used to track reported free pages within the Buddy
 * allocator. We can use the non-atomic version of the test and set
 * operations as both should be shielded with the zone lock to prevent
 * any possible races on the setting or clearing of the bit.
__PAGEFLAG(Reported, reported, PF_NO_COMPOUND)

 * On an anonymous page mapped into a user virtual memory area,
 * page->mapping points to its anon_vma, not to a struct address_space;
 * with the PAGE_MAPPING_ANON bit set to distinguish it.  See rmap.h.
 * On an anonymous page in a VM_MERGEABLE area, if CONFIG_KSM is enabled,
 * the PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE bit may be set along with the PAGE_MAPPING_ANON
 * bit; and then page->mapping points, not to an anon_vma, but to a private
 * structure which KSM associates with that merged page.  See ksm.h.
 * PAGE_MAPPING_KSM without PAGE_MAPPING_ANON is used for non-lru movable
 * page and then page->mapping points a struct address_space.
 * Please note that, confusingly, "page_mapping" refers to the inode
 * address_space which maps the page from disk; whereas "page_mapped"
 * refers to user virtual address space into which the page is mapped.

static __always_inline int PageMappingFlags(struct page *page)
	return ((unsigned long)page->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) != 0;

static __always_inline bool folio_test_anon(struct folio *folio)
	return ((unsigned long)folio->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_ANON) != 0;

static __always_inline bool PageAnon(struct page *page)
	return folio_test_anon(page_folio(page));

static __always_inline int __PageMovable(struct page *page)
	return ((unsigned long)page->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) ==

 * A KSM page is one of those write-protected "shared pages" or "merged pages"
 * which KSM maps into multiple mms, wherever identical anonymous page content
 * is found in VM_MERGEABLE vmas.  It's a PageAnon page, pointing not to any
 * anon_vma, but to that page's node of the stable tree.
static __always_inline bool folio_test_ksm(struct folio *folio)
	return ((unsigned long)folio->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) ==

static __always_inline bool PageKsm(struct page *page)
	return folio_test_ksm(page_folio(page));

u64 stable_page_flags(struct page *page);

 * folio_test_uptodate - Is this folio up to date?
 * @folio: The folio.
 * The uptodate flag is set on a folio when every byte in the folio is
 * at least as new as the corresponding bytes on storage.  Anonymous
 * and CoW folios are always uptodate.  If the folio is not uptodate,
 * some of the bytes in it may be; see the is_partially_uptodate()
 * address_space operation.
static inline bool folio_test_uptodate(struct folio *folio)
	bool ret = test_bit(PG_uptodate, folio_flags(folio, 0));
	 * Must ensure that the data we read out of the folio is loaded
	 * _after_ we've loaded folio->flags to check the uptodate bit.
	 * We can skip the barrier if the folio is not uptodate, because
	 * we wouldn't be reading anything from it.
	 * See folio_mark_uptodate() for the other side of the story.
	if (ret)

	return ret;

static inline int PageUptodate(struct page *page)
	return folio_test_uptodate(page_folio(page));

static __always_inline void __folio_mark_uptodate(struct folio *folio)
	__set_bit(PG_uptodate, folio_flags(folio, 0));

static __always_inline void folio_mark_uptodate(struct folio *folio)
	 * Memory barrier must be issued before setting the PG_uptodate bit,
	 * so that all previous stores issued in order to bring the folio
	 * uptodate are actually visible before folio_test_uptodate becomes true.
	set_bit(PG_uptodate, folio_flags(folio, 0));

static __always_inline void __SetPageUptodate(struct page *page)
	__folio_mark_uptodate((struct folio *)page);

static __always_inline void SetPageUptodate(struct page *page)
	folio_mark_uptodate((struct folio *)page);

CLEARPAGEFLAG(Uptodate, uptodate, PF_NO_TAIL)

bool __folio_start_writeback(struct folio *folio, bool keep_write);
bool set_page_writeback(struct page *page);

#define folio_start_writeback(folio)			\
	__folio_start_writeback(folio, false)
#define folio_start_writeback_keepwrite(folio)	\
	__folio_start_writeback(folio, true)

static inline void set_page_writeback_keepwrite(struct page *page)

static inline bool test_set_page_writeback(struct page *page)
	return set_page_writeback(page);


 * folio_test_large() - Does this folio contain more than one page?
 * @folio: The folio to test.
 * Return: True if the folio is larger than one page.
static inline bool folio_test_large(struct folio *folio)
	return folio_test_head(folio);

static __always_inline void set_compound_head(struct page *page, struct page *head)
	WRITE_ONCE(page->compound_head, (unsigned long)head + 1);

static __always_inline void clear_compound_head(struct page *page)
	WRITE_ONCE(page->compound_head, 0);

static inline void ClearPageCompound(struct page *page)

#define PG_head_mask ((1UL << PG_head))

int PageHuge(struct page *page);
int PageHeadHuge(struct page *page);
static inline bool folio_test_hugetlb(struct folio *folio)
	return PageHeadHuge(&folio->page);
TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(HeadHuge, headhuge)

 * PageHuge() only returns true for hugetlbfs pages, but not for
 * normal or transparent huge pages.
 * PageTransHuge() returns true for both transparent huge and
 * hugetlbfs pages, but not normal pages. PageTransHuge() can only be
 * called only in the core VM paths where hugetlbfs pages can't exist.
static inline int PageTransHuge(struct page *page)
	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page);
	return PageHead(page);

static inline bool folio_test_transhuge(struct folio *folio)
	return folio_test_head(folio);

 * PageTransCompound returns true for both transparent huge pages
 * and hugetlbfs pages, so it should only be called when it's known
 * that hugetlbfs pages aren't involved.
static inline int PageTransCompound(struct page *page)
	return PageCompound(page);

 * PageTransTail returns true for both transparent huge pages
 * and hugetlbfs pages, so it should only be called when it's known
 * that hugetlbfs pages aren't involved.
static inline int PageTransTail(struct page *page)
	return PageTail(page);

 * PageDoubleMap indicates that the compound page is mapped with PTEs as well
 * as PMDs.
 * This is required for optimization of rmap operations for THP: we can postpone
 * per small page mapcount accounting (and its overhead from atomic operations)
 * until the first PMD split.
 * For the page PageDoubleMap means ->_mapcount in all sub-pages is offset up
 * by one. This reference will go away with last compound_mapcount.
 * See also __split_huge_pmd_locked() and page_remove_anon_compound_rmap().
PAGEFLAG(DoubleMap, double_map, PF_SECOND)
	TESTSCFLAG(DoubleMap, double_map, PF_SECOND)
TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(TransHuge, transhuge)
TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(TransCompound, transcompound)
TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(TransCompoundMap, transcompoundmap)
TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(TransTail, transtail)
PAGEFLAG_FALSE(DoubleMap, double_map)
	TESTSCFLAG_FALSE(DoubleMap, double_map)

 * PageHasHWPoisoned indicates that at least one subpage is hwpoisoned in the
 * compound page.
 * This flag is set by hwpoison handler.  Cleared by THP split or free page.
PAGEFLAG(HasHWPoisoned, has_hwpoisoned, PF_SECOND)
	TESTSCFLAG(HasHWPoisoned, has_hwpoisoned, PF_SECOND)
PAGEFLAG_FALSE(HasHWPoisoned, has_hwpoisoned)
	TESTSCFLAG_FALSE(HasHWPoisoned, has_hwpoisoned)

 * Check if a page is currently marked HWPoisoned. Note that this check is
 * best effort only and inherently racy: there is no way to synchronize with
 * failing hardware.
static inline bool is_page_hwpoison(struct page *page)
	if (PageHWPoison(page))
		return true;
	return PageHuge(page) && PageHWPoison(compound_head(page));

 * For pages that are never mapped to userspace (and aren't PageSlab),
 * page_type may be used.  Because it is initialised to -1, we invert the
 * sense of the bit, so __SetPageFoo *clears* the bit used for PageFoo, and
 * __ClearPageFoo *sets* the bit used for PageFoo.  We reserve a few high and
 * low bits so that an underflow or overflow of page_mapcount() won't be
 * mistaken for a page type value.

#define PAGE_TYPE_BASE	0xf0000000
/* Reserve		0x0000007f to catch underflows of page_mapcount */
#define PG_buddy	0x00000080
#define PG_offline	0x00000100
#define PG_table	0x00000200
#define PG_guard	0x00000400

#define PageType(page, flag)						\
	((page->page_type & (PAGE_TYPE_BASE | flag)) == PAGE_TYPE_BASE)

static inline int page_has_type(struct page *page)
	return (int)page->page_type < PAGE_MAPCOUNT_RESERVE;

#define PAGE_TYPE_OPS(uname, lname)					\
static __always_inline int Page##uname(struct page *page)		\
{									\
	return PageType(page, PG_##lname);				\
}									\
static __always_inline void __SetPage##uname(struct page *page)		\
{									\
	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageType(page, 0), page);			\
	page->page_type &= ~PG_##lname;					\
}									\
static __always_inline void __ClearPage##uname(struct page *page)	\
{									\
	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!Page##uname(page), page);			\
	page->page_type |= PG_##lname;					\

 * PageBuddy() indicates that the page is free and in the buddy system
 * (see mm/page_alloc.c).
PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Buddy, buddy)

 * PageOffline() indicates that the page is logically offline although the
 * containing section is online. (e.g. inflated in a balloon driver or
 * not onlined when onlining the section).
 * The content of these pages is effectively stale. Such pages should not
 * be touched (read/write/dump/save) except by their owner.
 * If a driver wants to allow to offline unmovable PageOffline() pages without
 * putting them back to the buddy, it can do so via the memory notifier by
 * decrementing the reference count in MEM_GOING_OFFLINE and incrementing the
 * reference count in MEM_CANCEL_OFFLINE. When offlining, the PageOffline()
 * pages (now with a reference count of zero) are treated like free pages,
 * allowing the containing memory block to get offlined. A driver that
 * relies on this feature is aware that re-onlining the memory block will
 * require to re-set the pages PageOffline() and not giving them to the
 * buddy via online_page_callback_t.
 * There are drivers that mark a page PageOffline() and expect there won't be
 * any further access to page content. PFN walkers that read content of random
 * pages should check PageOffline() and synchronize with such drivers using
 * page_offline_freeze()/page_offline_thaw().
PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Offline, offline)

extern void page_offline_freeze(void);
extern void page_offline_thaw(void);
extern void page_offline_begin(void);
extern void page_offline_end(void);

 * Marks pages in use as page tables.
PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Table, table)

 * Marks guardpages used with debug_pagealloc.
PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Guard, guard)

extern bool is_free_buddy_page(struct page *page);

__PAGEFLAG(Isolated, isolated, PF_ANY);

#define __PG_MLOCKED		(1UL << PG_mlocked)
#define __PG_MLOCKED		0

 * Flags checked when a page is freed.  Pages being freed should not have
 * these flags set.  If they are, there is a problem.
	(1UL << PG_lru		| 1UL << PG_locked	|	\
	 1UL << PG_private	| 1UL << PG_private_2	|	\
	 1UL << PG_writeback	| 1UL << PG_reserved	|	\
	 1UL << PG_slab		| 1UL << PG_active 	|	\
	 1UL << PG_unevictable	| __PG_MLOCKED)

 * Flags checked when a page is prepped for return by the page allocator.
 * Pages being prepped should not have these flags set.  If they are set,
 * there has been a kernel bug or struct page corruption.
 * __PG_HWPOISON is exceptional because it needs to be kept beyond page's
 * alloc-free cycle to prevent from reusing the page.

	(1UL << PG_private | 1UL << PG_private_2)
 * page_has_private - Determine if page has private stuff
 * @page: The page to be checked
 * Determine if a page has private stuff, indicating that release routines
 * should be invoked upon it.
static inline int page_has_private(struct page *page)
	return !!(page->flags & PAGE_FLAGS_PRIVATE);

static inline bool folio_has_private(struct folio *folio)
	return page_has_private(&folio->page);

#undef PF_ANY
#undef PF_HEAD
#undef PF_NO_TAIL
#undef PF_SECOND
#endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS_H */

#endif	/* PAGE_FLAGS_H */