// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
 * Slab allocator functions that are independent of the allocator strategy
 *
 * (C) 2012 Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
 */
#include <linux/slab.h>

#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/poison.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/memory.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/kfence.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/kasan.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <linux/memcontrol.h>

#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/kmem.h>

#include "internal.h"

#include "slab.h"

enum slab_state slab_state;
LIST_HEAD(slab_caches);
DEFINE_MUTEX(slab_mutex);
struct kmem_cache *kmem_cache;

#ifdef CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY
bool usercopy_fallback __ro_after_init =
		IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY_FALLBACK);
module_param(usercopy_fallback, bool, 0400);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(usercopy_fallback,
		"WARN instead of reject usercopy whitelist violations");
#endif

static LIST_HEAD(slab_caches_to_rcu_destroy);
static void slab_caches_to_rcu_destroy_workfn(struct work_struct *work);
static DECLARE_WORK(slab_caches_to_rcu_destroy_work,
		    slab_caches_to_rcu_destroy_workfn);

/*
 * Set of flags that will prevent slab merging
 */
#define SLAB_NEVER_MERGE (SLAB_RED_ZONE | SLAB_POISON | SLAB_STORE_USER | \
		SLAB_TRACE | SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU | SLAB_NOLEAKTRACE | \
		SLAB_FAILSLAB | kasan_never_merge())

#define SLAB_MERGE_SAME (SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT | SLAB_CACHE_DMA | \
			 SLAB_CACHE_DMA32 | SLAB_ACCOUNT)

/*
 * Merge control. If this is set then no merging of slab caches will occur.
 */
static bool slab_nomerge = !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SLAB_MERGE_DEFAULT);

static int __init setup_slab_nomerge(char *str)
{
	slab_nomerge = true;
	return 1;
}

static int __init setup_slab_merge(char *str)
{
	slab_nomerge = false;
	return 1;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB
__setup_param("slub_nomerge", slub_nomerge, setup_slab_nomerge, 0);
__setup_param("slub_merge", slub_merge, setup_slab_merge, 0);
#endif

__setup("slab_nomerge", setup_slab_nomerge);
__setup("slab_merge", setup_slab_merge);

/*
 * Determine the size of a slab object
 */
unsigned int kmem_cache_size(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
	return s->object_size;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_size);

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM
static int kmem_cache_sanity_check(const char *name, unsigned int size)
{
	if (!name || in_interrupt() || size > KMALLOC_MAX_SIZE) {
		pr_err("kmem_cache_create(%s) integrity check failed\n", name);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	WARN_ON(strchr(name, ' '));	/* It confuses parsers */
	return 0;
}
#else
static inline int kmem_cache_sanity_check(const char *name, unsigned int size)
{
	return 0;
}
#endif

void __kmem_cache_free_bulk(struct kmem_cache *s, size_t nr, void **p)
{
	size_t i;

	for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) {
		if (s)
			kmem_cache_free(s, p[i]);
		else
			kfree(p[i]);
	}
}

int __kmem_cache_alloc_bulk(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, size_t nr,
								void **p)
{
	size_t i;

	for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) {
		void *x = p[i] = kmem_cache_alloc(s, flags);
		if (!x) {
			__kmem_cache_free_bulk(s, i, p);
			return 0;
		}
	}
	return i;
}

/*
 * Figure out what the alignment of the objects will be given a set of
 * flags, a user specified alignment and the size of the objects.
 */
static unsigned int calculate_alignment(slab_flags_t flags,
		unsigned int align, unsigned int size)
{
	/*
	 * If the user wants hardware cache aligned objects then follow that
	 * suggestion if the object is sufficiently large.
	 *
	 * The hardware cache alignment cannot override the specified
	 * alignment though. If that is greater then use it.
	 */
	if (flags & SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN) {
		unsigned int ralign;

		ralign = cache_line_size();
		while (size <= ralign / 2)
			ralign /= 2;
		align = max(align, ralign);
	}

	if (align < ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN)
		align = ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN;

	return ALIGN(align, sizeof(void *));
}

/*
 * Find a mergeable slab cache
 */
int slab_unmergeable(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
	if (slab_nomerge || (s->flags & SLAB_NEVER_MERGE))
		return 1;

	if (s->ctor)
		return 1;

	if (s->usersize)
		return 1;

	/*
	 * We may have set a slab to be unmergeable during bootstrap.
	 */
	if (s->refcount < 0)
		return 1;

	return 0;
}

struct kmem_cache *find_mergeable(unsigned int size, unsigned int align,
		slab_flags_t flags, const char *name, void (*ctor)(void *))
{
	struct kmem_cache *s;

	if (slab_nomerge)
		return NULL;

	if (ctor)
		return NULL;

	size = ALIGN(size, sizeof(void *));
	align = calculate_alignment(flags, align, size);
	size = ALIGN(size, align);
	flags = kmem_cache_flags(size, flags, name);

	if (flags & SLAB_NEVER_MERGE)
		return NULL;

	list_for_each_entry_reverse(s, &slab_caches, list) {
		if (slab_unmergeable(s))
			continue;

		if (size > s->size)
			continue;

		if ((flags & SLAB_MERGE_SAME) != (s->flags & SLAB_MERGE_SAME))
			continue;
		/*
		 * Check if alignment is compatible.
		 * Courtesy of Adrian Drzewiecki
		 */
		if ((s->size & ~(align - 1)) != s->size)
			continue;

		if (s->size - size >= sizeof(void *))
			continue;

		if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SLAB) && align &&
			(align > s->align || s->align % align))
			continue;

		return s;
	}
	return NULL;
}

static struct kmem_cache *create_cache(const char *name,
		unsigned int object_size, unsigned int align,
		slab_flags_t flags, unsigned int useroffset,
		unsigned int usersize, void (*ctor)(void *),
		struct kmem_cache *root_cache)
{
	struct kmem_cache *s;
	int err;

	if (WARN_ON(useroffset + usersize > object_size))
		useroffset = usersize = 0;

	err = -ENOMEM;
	s = kmem_cache_zalloc(kmem_cache, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!s)
		goto out;

	s->name = name;
	s->size = s->object_size = object_size;
	s->align = align;
	s->ctor = ctor;
	s->useroffset = useroffset;
	s->usersize = usersize;

	err = __kmem_cache_create(s, flags);
	if (err)
		goto out_free_cache;

	s->refcount = 1;
	list_add(&s->list, &slab_caches);
out:
	if (err)
		return ERR_PTR(err);
	return s;

out_free_cache:
	kmem_cache_free(kmem_cache, s);
	goto out;
}

/**
 * kmem_cache_create_usercopy - Create a cache with a region suitable
 * for copying to userspace
 * @name: A string which is used in /proc/slabinfo to identify this cache.
 * @size: The size of objects to be created in this cache.
 * @align: The required alignment for the objects.
 * @flags: SLAB flags
 * @useroffset: Usercopy region offset
 * @usersize: Usercopy region size
 * @ctor: A constructor for the objects.
 *
 * Cannot be called within a interrupt, but can be interrupted.
 * The @ctor is run when new pages are allocated by the cache.
 *
 * The flags are
 *
 * %SLAB_POISON - Poison the slab with a known test pattern (a5a5a5a5)
 * to catch references to uninitialised memory.
 *
 * %SLAB_RED_ZONE - Insert `Red` zones around the allocated memory to check
 * for buffer overruns.
 *
 * %SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN - Align the objects in this cache to a hardware
 * cacheline.  This can be beneficial if you're counting cycles as closely
 * as davem.
 *
 * Return: a pointer to the cache on success, NULL on failure.
 */
struct kmem_cache *
kmem_cache_create_usercopy(const char *name,
		  unsigned int size, unsigned int align,
		  slab_flags_t flags,
		  unsigned int useroffset, unsigned int usersize,
		  void (*ctor)(void *))
{
	struct kmem_cache *s = NULL;
	const char *cache_name;
	int err;

#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG
	/*
	 * If no slub_debug was enabled globally, the static key is not yet
	 * enabled by setup_slub_debug(). Enable it if the cache is being
	 * created with any of the debugging flags passed explicitly.
	 */
	if (flags & SLAB_DEBUG_FLAGS)
		static_branch_enable(&slub_debug_enabled);
#endif

	mutex_lock(&slab_mutex);

	err = kmem_cache_sanity_check(name, size);
	if (err) {
		goto out_unlock;
	}

	/* Refuse requests with allocator specific flags */
	if (flags & ~SLAB_FLAGS_PERMITTED) {
		err = -EINVAL;
		goto out_unlock;
	}

	/*
	 * Some allocators will constraint the set of valid flags to a subset
	 * of all flags. We expect them to define CACHE_CREATE_MASK in this
	 * case, and we'll just provide them with a sanitized version of the
	 * passed flags.
	 */
	flags &= CACHE_CREATE_MASK;

	/* Fail closed on bad usersize of useroffset values. */
	if (WARN_ON(!usersize && useroffset) ||
	    WARN_ON(size < usersize || size - usersize < useroffset))
		usersize = useroffset = 0;

	if (!usersize)
		s = __kmem_cache_alias(name, size, align, flags, ctor);
	if (s)
		goto out_unlock;

	cache_name = kstrdup_const(name, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!cache_name) {
		err = -ENOMEM;
		goto out_unlock;
	}

	s = create_cache(cache_name, size,
			 calculate_alignment(flags, align, size),
			 flags, useroffset, usersize, ctor, NULL);
	if (IS_ERR(s)) {
		err = PTR_ERR(s);
		kfree_const(cache_name);
	}

out_unlock:
	mutex_unlock(&slab_mutex);

	if (err) {
		if (flags & SLAB_PANIC)
			panic("%s: Failed to create slab '%s'. Error %d\n",
				__func__, name, err);
		else {
			pr_warn("%s(%s) failed with error %d\n",
				__func__, name, err);
			dump_stack();
		}
		return NULL;
	}
	return s;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_create_usercopy);

/**
 * kmem_cache_create - Create a cache.
 * @name: A string which is used in /proc/slabinfo to identify this cache.
 * @size: The size of objects to be created in this cache.
 * @align: The required alignment for the objects.
 * @flags: SLAB flags
 * @ctor: A constructor for the objects.
 *
 * Cannot be called within a interrupt, but can be interrupted.
 * The @ctor is run when new pages are allocated by the cache.
 *
 * The flags are
 *
 * %SLAB_POISON - Poison the slab with a known test pattern (a5a5a5a5)
 * to catch references to uninitialised memory.
 *
 * %SLAB_RED_ZONE - Insert `Red` zones around the allocated memory to check
 * for buffer overruns.
 *
 * %SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN - Align the objects in this cache to a hardware
 * cacheline.  This can be beneficial if you're counting cycles as closely
 * as davem.
 *
 * Return: a pointer to the cache on success, NULL on failure.
 */
struct kmem_cache *
kmem_cache_create(const char *name, unsigned int size, unsigned int align,
		slab_flags_t flags, void (*ctor)(void *))
{
	return kmem_cache_create_usercopy(name, size, align, flags, 0, 0,
					  ctor);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_create);

static void slab_caches_to_rcu_destroy_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
{
	LIST_HEAD(to_destroy);
	struct kmem_cache *s, *s2;

	/*
	 * On destruction, SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU kmem_caches are put on the
	 * @slab_caches_to_rcu_destroy list.  The slab pages are freed
	 * through RCU and the associated kmem_cache are dereferenced
	 * while freeing the pages, so the kmem_caches should be freed only
	 * after the pending RCU operations are finished.  As rcu_barrier()
	 * is a pretty slow operation, we batch all pending destructions
	 * asynchronously.
	 */
	mutex_lock(&slab_mutex);
	list_splice_init(&slab_caches_to_rcu_destroy, &to_destroy);
	mutex_unlock(&slab_mutex);

	if (list_empty(&to_destroy))
		return;

	rcu_barrier();

	list_for_each_entry_safe(s, s2, &to_destroy, list) {
		debugfs_slab_release(s);
		kfence_shutdown_cache(s);
#ifdef SLAB_SUPPORTS_SYSFS
		sysfs_slab_release(s);
#else
		slab_kmem_cache_release(s);
#endif
	}
}

static int shutdown_cache(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
	/* free asan quarantined objects */
	kasan_cache_shutdown(s);

	if (__kmem_cache_shutdown(s) != 0)
		return -EBUSY;

	list_del(&s->list);

	if (s->flags & SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU) {
#ifdef SLAB_SUPPORTS_SYSFS
		sysfs_slab_unlink(s);
#endif
		list_add_tail(&s->list, &slab_caches_to_rcu_destroy);
		schedule_work(&slab_caches_to_rcu_destroy_work);
	} else {
		kfence_shutdown_cache(s);
		debugfs_slab_release(s);
#ifdef SLAB_SUPPORTS_SYSFS
		sysfs_slab_unlink(s);
		sysfs_slab_release(s);
#else
		slab_kmem_cache_release(s);
#endif
	}

	return 0;
}

void slab_kmem_cache_release(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
	__kmem_cache_release(s);
	kfree_const(s->name);
	kmem_cache_free(kmem_cache, s);
}

void kmem_cache_destroy(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
	int err;

	if (unlikely(!s))
		return;

	cpus_read_lock();
	mutex_lock(&slab_mutex);

	s->refcount--;
	if (s->refcount)
		goto out_unlock;

	err = shutdown_cache(s);
	if (err) {
		pr_err("%s %s: Slab cache still has objects\n",
		       __func__, s->name);
		dump_stack();
	}
out_unlock:
	mutex_unlock(&slab_mutex);
	cpus_read_unlock();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_destroy);

/**
 * kmem_cache_shrink - Shrink a cache.
 * @cachep: The cache to shrink.
 *
 * Releases as many slabs as possible for a cache.
 * To help debugging, a zero exit status indicates all slabs were released.
 *
 * Return: %0 if all slabs were released, non-zero otherwise
 */
int kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *cachep)
{
	int ret;


	kasan_cache_shrink(cachep);
	ret = __kmem_cache_shrink(cachep);

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_shrink);

bool slab_is_available(void)
{
	return slab_state >= UP;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK
/**
 * kmem_valid_obj - does the pointer reference a valid slab object?
 * @object: pointer to query.
 *
 * Return: %true if the pointer is to a not-yet-freed object from
 * kmalloc() or kmem_cache_alloc(), either %true or %false if the pointer
 * is to an already-freed object, and %false otherwise.
 */
bool kmem_valid_obj(void *object)
{
	struct page *page;

	/* Some arches consider ZERO_SIZE_PTR to be a valid address. */
	if (object < (void *)PAGE_SIZE || !virt_addr_valid(object))
		return false;
	page = virt_to_head_page(object);
	return PageSlab(page);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kmem_valid_obj);

/**
 * kmem_dump_obj - Print available slab provenance information
 * @object: slab object for which to find provenance information.
 *
 * This function uses pr_cont(), so that the caller is expected to have
 * printed out whatever preamble is appropriate.  The provenance information
 * depends on the type of object and on how much debugging is enabled.
 * For a slab-cache object, the fact that it is a slab object is printed,
 * and, if available, the slab name, return address, and stack trace from
 * the allocation and last free path of that object.
 *
 * This function will splat if passed a pointer to a non-slab object.
 * If you are not sure what type of object you have, you should instead
 * use mem_dump_obj().
 */
void kmem_dump_obj(void *object)
{
	char *cp = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MMU) ? "" : "/vmalloc";
	int i;
	struct page *page;
	unsigned long ptroffset;
	struct kmem_obj_info kp = { };

	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!virt_addr_valid(object)))
		return;
	page = virt_to_head_page(object);
	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PageSlab(page))) {
		pr_cont(" non-slab memory.\n");
		return;
	}
	kmem_obj_info(&kp, object, page);
	if (kp.kp_slab_cache)
		pr_cont(" slab%s %s", cp, kp.kp_slab_cache->name);
	else
		pr_cont(" slab%s", cp);
	if (kp.kp_objp)
		pr_cont(" start %px", kp.kp_objp);
	if (kp.kp_data_offset)
		pr_cont(" data offset %lu", kp.kp_data_offset);
	if (kp.kp_objp) {
		ptroffset = ((char *)object - (char *)kp.kp_objp) - kp.kp_data_offset;
		pr_cont(" pointer offset %lu", ptroffset);
	}
	if (kp.kp_slab_cache && kp.kp_slab_cache->usersize)
		pr_cont(" size %u", kp.kp_slab_cache->usersize);
	if (kp.kp_ret)
		pr_cont(" allocated at %pS\n", kp.kp_ret);
	else
		pr_cont("\n");
	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(kp.kp_stack); i++) {
		if (!kp.kp_stack[i])
			break;
		pr_info("    %pS\n", kp.kp_stack[i]);
	}

	if (kp.kp_free_stack[0])
		pr_cont(" Free path:\n");

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(kp.kp_free_stack); i++) {
		if (!kp.kp_free_stack[i])
			break;
		pr_info("    %pS\n", kp.kp_free_stack[i]);
	}

}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kmem_dump_obj);
#endif

#ifndef CONFIG_SLOB
/* Create a cache during boot when no slab services are available yet */
void __init create_boot_cache(struct kmem_cache *s, const char *name,
		unsigned int size, slab_flags_t flags,
		unsigned int useroffset, unsigned int usersize)
{
	int err;
	unsigned int align = ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN;

	s->name = name;
	s->size = s->object_size = size;

	/*
	 * For power of two sizes, guarantee natural alignment for kmalloc
	 * caches, regardless of SL*B debugging options.
	 */
	if (is_power_of_2(size))
		align = max(align, size);
	s->align = calculate_alignment(flags, align, size);

	s->useroffset = useroffset;
	s->usersize = usersize;

	err = __kmem_cache_create(s, flags);

	if (err)
		panic("Creation of kmalloc slab %s size=%u failed. Reason %d\n",
					name, size, err);

	s->refcount = -1;	/* Exempt from merging for now */
}

struct kmem_cache *__init create_kmalloc_cache(const char *name,
		unsigned int size, slab_flags_t flags,
		unsigned int useroffset, unsigned int usersize)
{
	struct kmem_cache *s = kmem_cache_zalloc(kmem_cache, GFP_NOWAIT);

	if (!s)
		panic("Out of memory when creating slab %s\n", name);

	create_boot_cache(s, name, size, flags, useroffset, usersize);
	kasan_cache_create_kmalloc(s);
	list_add(&s->list, &slab_caches);
	s->refcount = 1;
	return s;
}

struct kmem_cache *
kmalloc_caches[NR_KMALLOC_TYPES][KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH + 1] __ro_after_init =
{ /* initialization for https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=42570 */ };
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmalloc_caches);

/*
 * Conversion table for small slabs sizes / 8 to the index in the
 * kmalloc array. This is necessary for slabs < 192 since we have non power
 * of two cache sizes there. The size of larger slabs can be determined using
 * fls.
 */
static u8 size_index[24] __ro_after_init = {
	3,	/* 8 */
	4,	/* 16 */
	5,	/* 24 */
	5,	/* 32 */
	6,	/* 40 */
	6,	/* 48 */
	6,	/* 56 */
	6,	/* 64 */
	1,	/* 72 */
	1,	/* 80 */
	1,	/* 88 */
	1,	/* 96 */
	7,	/* 104 */
	7,	/* 112 */
	7,	/* 120 */
	7,	/* 128 */
	2,	/* 136 */
	2,	/* 144 */
	2,	/* 152 */
	2,	/* 160 */
	2,	/* 168 */
	2,	/* 176 */
	2,	/* 184 */
	2	/* 192 */
};

static inline unsigned int size_index_elem(unsigned int bytes)
{
	return (bytes - 1) / 8;
}

/*
 * Find the kmem_cache structure that serves a given size of
 * allocation
 */
struct kmem_cache *kmalloc_slab(size_t size, gfp_t flags)
{
	unsigned int index;

	if (size <= 192) {
		if (!size)
			return ZERO_SIZE_PTR;

		index = size_index[size_index_elem(size)];
	} else {
		if (WARN_ON_ONCE(size > KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE))
			return NULL;
		index = fls(size - 1);
	}

	return kmalloc_caches[kmalloc_type(flags)][index];
}

#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA
#define KMALLOC_DMA_NAME(sz)	.name[KMALLOC_DMA] = "dma-kmalloc-" #sz,
#else
#define KMALLOC_DMA_NAME(sz)
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM
#define KMALLOC_CGROUP_NAME(sz)	.name[KMALLOC_CGROUP] = "kmalloc-cg-" #sz,
#else
#define KMALLOC_CGROUP_NAME(sz)
#endif

#define INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(__size, __short_size)			\
{								\
	.name[KMALLOC_NORMAL]  = "kmalloc-" #__short_size,	\
	.name[KMALLOC_RECLAIM] = "kmalloc-rcl-" #__short_size,	\
	KMALLOC_CGROUP_NAME(__short_size)			\
	KMALLOC_DMA_NAME(__short_size)				\
	.size = __size,						\
}

/*
 * kmalloc_info[] is to make slub_debug=,kmalloc-xx option work at boot time.
 * kmalloc_index() supports up to 2^25=32MB, so the final entry of the table is
 * kmalloc-32M.
 */
const struct kmalloc_info_struct kmalloc_info[] __initconst = {
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(0, 0),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(96, 96),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(192, 192),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(8, 8),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(16, 16),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(32, 32),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(64, 64),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(128, 128),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(256, 256),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(512, 512),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(1024, 1k),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(2048, 2k),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(4096, 4k),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(8192, 8k),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(16384, 16k),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(32768, 32k),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(65536, 64k),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(131072, 128k),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(262144, 256k),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(524288, 512k),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(1048576, 1M),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(2097152, 2M),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(4194304, 4M),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(8388608, 8M),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(16777216, 16M),
	INIT_KMALLOC_INFO(33554432, 32M)
};

/*
 * Patch up the size_index table if we have strange large alignment
 * requirements for the kmalloc array. This is only the case for
 * MIPS it seems. The standard arches will not generate any code here.
 *
 * Largest permitted alignment is 256 bytes due to the way we
 * handle the index determination for the smaller caches.
 *
 * Make sure that nothing crazy happens if someone starts tinkering
 * around with ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN
 */
void __init setup_kmalloc_cache_index_table(void)
{
	unsigned int i;

	BUILD_BUG_ON(KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE > 256 ||
		(KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE & (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE - 1)));

	for (i = 8; i < KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE; i += 8) {
		unsigned int elem = size_index_elem(i);

		if (elem >= ARRAY_SIZE(size_index))
			break;
		size_index[elem] = KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW;
	}

	if (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE >= 64) {
		/*
		 * The 96 byte size cache is not used if the alignment
		 * is 64 byte.
		 */
		for (i = 64 + 8; i <= 96; i += 8)
			size_index[size_index_elem(i)] = 7;

	}

	if (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE >= 128) {
		/*
		 * The 192 byte sized cache is not used if the alignment
		 * is 128 byte. Redirect kmalloc to use the 256 byte cache
		 * instead.
		 */
		for (i = 128 + 8; i <= 192; i += 8)
			size_index[size_index_elem(i)] = 8;
	}
}

static void __init
new_kmalloc_cache(int idx, enum kmalloc_cache_type type, slab_flags_t flags)
{
	if (type == KMALLOC_RECLAIM) {
		flags |= SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT;
	} else if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM) && (type == KMALLOC_CGROUP)) {
		if (cgroup_memory_nokmem) {
			kmalloc_caches[type][idx] = kmalloc_caches[KMALLOC_NORMAL][idx];
			return;
		}
		flags |= SLAB_ACCOUNT;
	}

	kmalloc_caches[type][idx] = create_kmalloc_cache(
					kmalloc_info[idx].name[type],
					kmalloc_info[idx].size, flags, 0,
					kmalloc_info[idx].size);

	/*
	 * If CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM is enabled, disable cache merging for
	 * KMALLOC_NORMAL caches.
	 */
	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM) && (type == KMALLOC_NORMAL))
		kmalloc_caches[type][idx]->refcount = -1;
}

/*
 * Create the kmalloc array. Some of the regular kmalloc arrays
 * may already have been created because they were needed to
 * enable allocations for slab creation.
 */
void __init create_kmalloc_caches(slab_flags_t flags)
{
	int i;
	enum kmalloc_cache_type type;

	/*
	 * Including KMALLOC_CGROUP if CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM defined
	 */
	for (type = KMALLOC_NORMAL; type <= KMALLOC_RECLAIM; type++) {
		for (i = KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW; i <= KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH; i++) {
			if (!kmalloc_caches[type][i])
				new_kmalloc_cache(i, type, flags);

			/*
			 * Caches that are not of the two-to-the-power-of size.
			 * These have to be created immediately after the
			 * earlier power of two caches
			 */
			if (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE <= 32 && i == 6 &&
					!kmalloc_caches[type][1])
				new_kmalloc_cache(1, type, flags);
			if (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE <= 64 && i == 7 &&
					!kmalloc_caches[type][2])
				new_kmalloc_cache(2, type, flags);
		}
	}

	/* Kmalloc array is now usable */
	slab_state = UP;

#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA
	for (i = 0; i <= KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH; i++) {
		struct kmem_cache *s = kmalloc_caches[KMALLOC_NORMAL][i];

		if (s) {
			kmalloc_caches[KMALLOC_DMA][i] = create_kmalloc_cache(
				kmalloc_info[i].name[KMALLOC_DMA],
				kmalloc_info[i].size,
				SLAB_CACHE_DMA | flags, 0,
				kmalloc_info[i].size);
		}
	}
#endif
}
#endif /* !CONFIG_SLOB */

gfp_t kmalloc_fix_flags(gfp_t flags)
{
	gfp_t invalid_mask = flags & GFP_SLAB_BUG_MASK;

	flags &= ~GFP_SLAB_BUG_MASK;
	pr_warn("Unexpected gfp: %#x (%pGg). Fixing up to gfp: %#x (%pGg). Fix your code!\n",
			invalid_mask, &invalid_mask, flags, &flags);
	dump_stack();

	return flags;
}

/*
 * To avoid unnecessary overhead, we pass through large allocation requests
 * directly to the page allocator. We use __GFP_COMP, because we will need to
 * know the allocation order to free the pages properly in kfree.
 */
void *kmalloc_order(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order)
{
	void *ret = NULL;
	struct page *page;

	if (unlikely(flags & GFP_SLAB_BUG_MASK))
		flags = kmalloc_fix_flags(flags);

	flags |= __GFP_COMP;
	page = alloc_pages(flags, order);
	if (likely(page)) {
		ret = page_address(page);
		mod_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE_B,
				      PAGE_SIZE << order);
	}
	ret = kasan_kmalloc_large(ret, size, flags);
	/* As ret might get tagged, call kmemleak hook after KASAN. */
	kmemleak_alloc(ret, size, 1, flags);
	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmalloc_order);

#ifdef CONFIG_TRACING
void *kmalloc_order_trace(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order)
{
	void *ret = kmalloc_order(size, flags, order);
	trace_kmalloc(_RET_IP_, ret, size, PAGE_SIZE << order, flags);
	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmalloc_order_trace);
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_SLAB_FREELIST_RANDOM
/* Randomize a generic freelist */
static void freelist_randomize(struct rnd_state *state, unsigned int *list,
			       unsigned int count)
{
	unsigned int rand;
	unsigned int i;

	for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
		list[i] = i;

	/* Fisher-Yates shuffle */
	for (i = count - 1; i > 0; i--) {
		rand = prandom_u32_state(state);
		rand %= (i + 1);
		swap(list[i], list[rand]);
	}
}

/* Create a random sequence per cache */
int cache_random_seq_create(struct kmem_cache *cachep, unsigned int count,
				    gfp_t gfp)
{
	struct rnd_state state;

	if (count < 2 || cachep->random_seq)
		return 0;

	cachep->random_seq = kcalloc(count, sizeof(unsigned int), gfp);
	if (!cachep->random_seq)
		return -ENOMEM;

	/* Get best entropy at this stage of boot */
	prandom_seed_state(&state, get_random_long());

	freelist_randomize(&state, cachep->random_seq, count);
	return 0;
}

/* Destroy the per-cache random freelist sequence */
void cache_random_seq_destroy(struct kmem_cache *cachep)
{
	kfree(cachep->random_seq);
	cachep->random_seq = NULL;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SLAB_FREELIST_RANDOM */

#if defined(CONFIG_SLAB) || defined(CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG)
#ifdef CONFIG_SLAB
#define SLABINFO_RIGHTS (0600)
#else
#define SLABINFO_RIGHTS (0400)
#endif

static void print_slabinfo_header(struct seq_file *m)
{
	/*
	 * Output format version, so at least we can change it
	 * without _too_ many complaints.
	 */
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB
	seq_puts(m, "slabinfo - version: 2.1 (statistics)\n");
#else
	seq_puts(m, "slabinfo - version: 2.1\n");
#endif
	seq_puts(m, "# name            <active_objs> <num_objs> <objsize> <objperslab> <pagesperslab>");
	seq_puts(m, " : tunables <limit> <batchcount> <sharedfactor>");
	seq_puts(m, " : slabdata <active_slabs> <num_slabs> <sharedavail>");
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB
	seq_puts(m, " : globalstat <listallocs> <maxobjs> <grown> <reaped> <error> <maxfreeable> <nodeallocs> <remotefrees> <alienoverflow>");
	seq_puts(m, " : cpustat <allochit> <allocmiss> <freehit> <freemiss>");
#endif
	seq_putc(m, '\n');
}

void *slab_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
{
	mutex_lock(&slab_mutex);
	return seq_list_start(&slab_caches, *pos);
}

void *slab_next(struct seq_file *m, void *p, loff_t *pos)
{
	return seq_list_next(p, &slab_caches, pos);
}

void slab_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *p)
{
	mutex_unlock(&slab_mutex);
}

static void cache_show(struct kmem_cache *s, struct seq_file *m)
{
	struct slabinfo sinfo;

	memset(&sinfo, 0, sizeof(sinfo));
	get_slabinfo(s, &sinfo);

	seq_printf(m, "%-17s %6lu %6lu %6u %4u %4d",
		   s->name, sinfo.active_objs, sinfo.num_objs, s->size,
		   sinfo.objects_per_slab, (1 << sinfo.cache_order));

	seq_printf(m, " : tunables %4u %4u %4u",
		   sinfo.limit, sinfo.batchcount, sinfo.shared);
	seq_printf(m, " : slabdata %6lu %6lu %6lu",
		   sinfo.active_slabs, sinfo.num_slabs, sinfo.shared_avail);
	slabinfo_show_stats(m, s);
	seq_putc(m, '\n');
}

static int slab_show(struct seq_file *m, void *p)
{
	struct kmem_cache *s = list_entry(p, struct kmem_cache, list);

	if (p == slab_caches.next)
		print_slabinfo_header(m);
	cache_show(s, m);
	return 0;
}

void dump_unreclaimable_slab(void)
{
	struct kmem_cache *s;
	struct slabinfo sinfo;

	/*
	 * Here acquiring slab_mutex is risky since we don't prefer to get
	 * sleep in oom path. But, without mutex hold, it may introduce a
	 * risk of crash.
	 * Use mutex_trylock to protect the list traverse, dump nothing
	 * without acquiring the mutex.
	 */
	if (!mutex_trylock(&slab_mutex)) {
		pr_warn("excessive unreclaimable slab but cannot dump stats\n");
		return;
	}

	pr_info("Unreclaimable slab info:\n");
	pr_info("Name                      Used          Total\n");

	list_for_each_entry(s, &slab_caches, list) {
		if (s->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT)
			continue;

		get_slabinfo(s, &sinfo);

		if (sinfo.num_objs > 0)
			pr_info("%-17s %10luKB %10luKB\n", s->name,
				(sinfo.active_objs * s->size) / 1024,
				(sinfo.num_objs * s->size) / 1024);
	}
	mutex_unlock(&slab_mutex);
}

#if defined(CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM)
int memcg_slab_show(struct seq_file *m, void *p)
{
	/*
	 * Deprecated.
	 * Please, take a look at tools/cgroup/slabinfo.py .
	 */
	return 0;
}
#endif

/*
 * slabinfo_op - iterator that generates /proc/slabinfo
 *
 * Output layout:
 * cache-name
 * num-active-objs
 * total-objs
 * object size
 * num-active-slabs
 * total-slabs
 * num-pages-per-slab
 * + further values on SMP and with statistics enabled
 */
static const struct seq_operations slabinfo_op = {
	.start = slab_start,
	.next = slab_next,
	.stop = slab_stop,
	.show = slab_show,
};

static int slabinfo_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	return seq_open(file, &slabinfo_op);
}

static const struct proc_ops slabinfo_proc_ops = {
	.proc_flags	= PROC_ENTRY_PERMANENT,
	.proc_open	= slabinfo_open,
	.proc_read	= seq_read,
	.proc_write	= slabinfo_write,
	.proc_lseek	= seq_lseek,
	.proc_release	= seq_release,
};

static int __init slab_proc_init(void)
{
	proc_create("slabinfo", SLABINFO_RIGHTS, NULL, &slabinfo_proc_ops);
	return 0;
}
module_init(slab_proc_init);

#endif /* CONFIG_SLAB || CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG */

static __always_inline void *__do_krealloc(const void *p, size_t new_size,
					   gfp_t flags)
{
	void *ret;
	size_t ks;

	/* Don't use instrumented ksize to allow precise KASAN poisoning. */
	if (likely(!ZERO_OR_NULL_PTR(p))) {
		if (!kasan_check_byte(p))
			return NULL;
		ks = kfence_ksize(p) ?: __ksize(p);
	} else
		ks = 0;

	/* If the object still fits, repoison it precisely. */
	if (ks >= new_size) {
		p = kasan_krealloc((void *)p, new_size, flags);
		return (void *)p;
	}

	ret = kmalloc_track_caller(new_size, flags);
	if (ret && p) {
		/* Disable KASAN checks as the object's redzone is accessed. */
		kasan_disable_current();
		memcpy(ret, kasan_reset_tag(p), ks);
		kasan_enable_current();
	}

	return ret;
}

/**
 * krealloc - reallocate memory. The contents will remain unchanged.
 * @p: object to reallocate memory for.
 * @new_size: how many bytes of memory are required.
 * @flags: the type of memory to allocate.
 *
 * The contents of the object pointed to are preserved up to the
 * lesser of the new and old sizes (__GFP_ZERO flag is effectively ignored).
 * If @p is %NULL, krealloc() behaves exactly like kmalloc().  If @new_size
 * is 0 and @p is not a %NULL pointer, the object pointed to is freed.
 *
 * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL in case of error
 */
void *krealloc(const void *p, size_t new_size, gfp_t flags)
{
	void *ret;

	if (unlikely(!new_size)) {
		kfree(p);
		return ZERO_SIZE_PTR;
	}

	ret = __do_krealloc(p, new_size, flags);
	if (ret && kasan_reset_tag(p) != kasan_reset_tag(ret))
		kfree(p);

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(krealloc);

/**
 * kfree_sensitive - Clear sensitive information in memory before freeing
 * @p: object to free memory of
 *
 * The memory of the object @p points to is zeroed before freed.
 * If @p is %NULL, kfree_sensitive() does nothing.
 *
 * Note: this function zeroes the whole allocated buffer which can be a good
 * deal bigger than the requested buffer size passed to kmalloc(). So be
 * careful when using this function in performance sensitive code.
 */
void kfree_sensitive(const void *p)
{
	size_t ks;
	void *mem = (void *)p;

	ks = ksize(mem);
	if (ks)
		memzero_explicit(mem, ks);
	kfree(mem);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kfree_sensitive);

/**
 * ksize - get the actual amount of memory allocated for a given object
 * @objp: Pointer to the object
 *
 * kmalloc may internally round up allocations and return more memory
 * than requested. ksize() can be used to determine the actual amount of
 * memory allocated. The caller may use this additional memory, even though
 * a smaller amount of memory was initially specified with the kmalloc call.
 * The caller must guarantee that objp points to a valid object previously
 * allocated with either kmalloc() or kmem_cache_alloc(). The object
 * must not be freed during the duration of the call.
 *
 * Return: size of the actual memory used by @objp in bytes
 */
size_t ksize(const void *objp)
{
	size_t size;

	/*
	 * We need to first check that the pointer to the object is valid, and
	 * only then unpoison the memory. The report printed from ksize() is
	 * more useful, then when it's printed later when the behaviour could
	 * be undefined due to a potential use-after-free or double-free.
	 *
	 * We use kasan_check_byte(), which is supported for the hardware
	 * tag-based KASAN mode, unlike kasan_check_read/write().
	 *
	 * If the pointed to memory is invalid, we return 0 to avoid users of
	 * ksize() writing to and potentially corrupting the memory region.
	 *
	 * We want to perform the check before __ksize(), to avoid potentially
	 * crashing in __ksize() due to accessing invalid metadata.
	 */
	if (unlikely(ZERO_OR_NULL_PTR(objp)) || !kasan_check_byte(objp))
		return 0;

	size = kfence_ksize(objp) ?: __ksize(objp);
	/*
	 * We assume that ksize callers could use whole allocated area,
	 * so we need to unpoison this area.
	 */
	kasan_unpoison_range(objp, size);
	return size;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(ksize);

/* Tracepoints definitions. */
EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL(kmalloc);
EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_alloc);
EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL(kmalloc_node);
EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_alloc_node);
EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL(kfree);
EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_free);

int should_failslab(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags)
{
	if (__should_failslab(s, gfpflags))
		return -ENOMEM;
	return 0;
}
ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION