// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
//
// em28xx-video.c - driver for Empia EM2800/EM2820/2840 USB
//		    video capture devices
//
// Copyright (C) 2005 Ludovico Cavedon <cavedon@sssup.it>
//		      Markus Rechberger <mrechberger@gmail.com>
//		      Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@kernel.org>
//		      Sascha Sommer <saschasommer@freenet.de>
// Copyright (C) 2012 Frank Schäfer <fschaefer.oss@googlemail.com>
//
//	Some parts based on SN9C10x PC Camera Controllers GPL driver made
//		by Luca Risolia <luca.risolia@studio.unibo.it>
//
// This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
// (at your option) any later version.
//
// This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
// GNU General Public License for more details.

#include "em28xx.h"

#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/bitmap.h>
#include <linux/usb.h>
#include <linux/i2c.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>

#include "em28xx-v4l.h"
#include <media/v4l2-common.h>
#include <media/v4l2-ioctl.h>
#include <media/v4l2-event.h>
#include <media/drv-intf/msp3400.h>
#include <media/tuner.h>

#define DRIVER_AUTHOR "Ludovico Cavedon <cavedon@sssup.it>, " \
		      "Markus Rechberger <mrechberger@gmail.com>, " \
		      "Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@kernel.org>, " \
		      "Sascha Sommer <saschasommer@freenet.de>"

static unsigned int isoc_debug;
module_param(isoc_debug, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(isoc_debug, "enable debug messages [isoc transfers]");

static unsigned int disable_vbi;
module_param(disable_vbi, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_vbi, "disable vbi support");

static int alt;
module_param(alt, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(alt, "alternate setting to use for video endpoint");

#define em28xx_videodbg(fmt, arg...) do {				\
	if (video_debug)						\
		dev_printk(KERN_DEBUG, &dev->intf->dev,			\
			   "video: %s: " fmt, __func__, ## arg);	\
} while (0)

#define em28xx_isocdbg(fmt, arg...) do {\
	if (isoc_debug) \
		dev_printk(KERN_DEBUG, &dev->intf->dev,			\
			   "isoc: %s: " fmt, __func__, ## arg);		\
} while (0)

MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC " - v4l2 interface");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
MODULE_VERSION(EM28XX_VERSION);

#define EM25XX_FRMDATAHDR_BYTE1			0x02
#define EM25XX_FRMDATAHDR_BYTE2_STILL_IMAGE	0x20
#define EM25XX_FRMDATAHDR_BYTE2_FRAME_END	0x02
#define EM25XX_FRMDATAHDR_BYTE2_FRAME_ID	0x01
#define EM25XX_FRMDATAHDR_BYTE2_MASK	(EM25XX_FRMDATAHDR_BYTE2_STILL_IMAGE | \
					 EM25XX_FRMDATAHDR_BYTE2_FRAME_END |   \
					 EM25XX_FRMDATAHDR_BYTE2_FRAME_ID)

static unsigned int video_nr[] = {[0 ... (EM28XX_MAXBOARDS - 1)] = -1U };
static unsigned int vbi_nr[]   = {[0 ... (EM28XX_MAXBOARDS - 1)] = -1U };
static unsigned int radio_nr[] = {[0 ... (EM28XX_MAXBOARDS - 1)] = -1U };

module_param_array(video_nr, int, NULL, 0444);
module_param_array(vbi_nr, int, NULL, 0444);
module_param_array(radio_nr, int, NULL, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(video_nr, "video device numbers");
MODULE_PARM_DESC(vbi_nr,   "vbi device numbers");
MODULE_PARM_DESC(radio_nr, "radio device numbers");

static unsigned int video_debug;
module_param(video_debug, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(video_debug, "enable debug messages [video]");

/* supported video standards */
static struct em28xx_fmt format[] = {
	{
		.fourcc   = V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUYV,
		.depth    = 16,
		.reg	  = EM28XX_OUTFMT_YUV422_Y0UY1V,
	}, {
		.fourcc   = V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB565,
		.depth    = 16,
		.reg      = EM28XX_OUTFMT_RGB_16_656,
	}, {
		.fourcc   = V4L2_PIX_FMT_SRGGB8,
		.depth    = 8,
		.reg      = EM28XX_OUTFMT_RGB_8_RGRG,
	}, {
		.fourcc   = V4L2_PIX_FMT_SBGGR8,
		.depth    = 8,
		.reg      = EM28XX_OUTFMT_RGB_8_BGBG,
	}, {
		.fourcc   = V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGRBG8,
		.depth    = 8,
		.reg      = EM28XX_OUTFMT_RGB_8_GRGR,
	}, {
		.fourcc   = V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGBRG8,
		.depth    = 8,
		.reg      = EM28XX_OUTFMT_RGB_8_GBGB,
	}, {
		.fourcc   = V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV411P,
		.depth    = 12,
		.reg      = EM28XX_OUTFMT_YUV411,
	},
};

/*FIXME: maxw should be dependent of alt mode */
static inline unsigned int norm_maxw(struct em28xx *dev)
{
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;

	if (dev->is_webcam)
		return v4l2->sensor_xres;

	if (dev->board.max_range_640_480)
		return 640;

	return 720;
}

static inline unsigned int norm_maxh(struct em28xx *dev)
{
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;

	if (dev->is_webcam)
		return v4l2->sensor_yres;

	if (dev->board.max_range_640_480)
		return 480;

	return (v4l2->norm & V4L2_STD_625_50) ? 576 : 480;
}

static int em28xx_vbi_supported(struct em28xx *dev)
{
	/* Modprobe option to manually disable */
	if (disable_vbi == 1)
		return 0;

	if (dev->is_webcam)
		return 0;

	/* FIXME: check subdevices for VBI support */

	if (dev->chip_id == CHIP_ID_EM2860 ||
	    dev->chip_id == CHIP_ID_EM2883)
		return 1;

	/* Version of em28xx that does not support VBI */
	return 0;
}

/*
 * em28xx_wake_i2c()
 * configure i2c attached devices
 */
static void em28xx_wake_i2c(struct em28xx *dev)
{
	struct v4l2_device *v4l2_dev = &dev->v4l2->v4l2_dev;

	v4l2_device_call_all(v4l2_dev, 0, core,  reset, 0);
	v4l2_device_call_all(v4l2_dev, 0, video, s_routing,
			     INPUT(dev->ctl_input)->vmux, 0, 0);
}

static int em28xx_colorlevels_set_default(struct em28xx *dev)
{
	em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R20_YGAIN, CONTRAST_DEFAULT);
	em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R21_YOFFSET, BRIGHTNESS_DEFAULT);
	em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R22_UVGAIN, SATURATION_DEFAULT);
	em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R23_UOFFSET, BLUE_BALANCE_DEFAULT);
	em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R24_VOFFSET, RED_BALANCE_DEFAULT);
	em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R25_SHARPNESS, SHARPNESS_DEFAULT);

	em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R14_GAMMA, 0x20);
	em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R15_RGAIN, 0x20);
	em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R16_GGAIN, 0x20);
	em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R17_BGAIN, 0x20);
	em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R18_ROFFSET, 0x00);
	em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R19_GOFFSET, 0x00);
	return em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R1A_BOFFSET, 0x00);
}

static int em28xx_set_outfmt(struct em28xx *dev)
{
	int ret;
	u8 fmt, vinctrl;
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;

	fmt = v4l2->format->reg;
	if (!dev->is_em25xx)
		fmt |= 0x20;
	/*
	 * NOTE: it's not clear if this is really needed !
	 * The datasheets say bit 5 is a reserved bit and devices seem to work
	 * fine without it. But the Windows driver sets it for em2710/50+em28xx
	 * devices and we've always been setting it, too.
	 *
	 * em2765 (em25xx, em276x/7x/8x) devices do NOT work with this bit set,
	 * it's likely used for an additional (compressed ?) format there.
	 */
	ret = em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R27_OUTFMT, fmt);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;

	ret = em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R10_VINMODE, v4l2->vinmode);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;

	vinctrl = v4l2->vinctl;
	if (em28xx_vbi_supported(dev) == 1) {
		vinctrl |= EM28XX_VINCTRL_VBI_RAW;
		em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R34_VBI_START_H, 0x00);
		em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R36_VBI_WIDTH,
				 v4l2->vbi_width / 4);
		em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R37_VBI_HEIGHT, v4l2->vbi_height);
		if (v4l2->norm & V4L2_STD_525_60) {
			/* NTSC */
			em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R35_VBI_START_V, 0x09);
		} else if (v4l2->norm & V4L2_STD_625_50) {
			/* PAL */
			em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R35_VBI_START_V, 0x07);
		}
	}

	return em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R11_VINCTRL, vinctrl);
}

static int em28xx_accumulator_set(struct em28xx *dev, u8 xmin, u8 xmax,
				  u8 ymin, u8 ymax)
{
	em28xx_videodbg("em28xx Scale: (%d,%d)-(%d,%d)\n",
			xmin, ymin, xmax, ymax);

	em28xx_write_regs(dev, EM28XX_R28_XMIN, &xmin, 1);
	em28xx_write_regs(dev, EM28XX_R29_XMAX, &xmax, 1);
	em28xx_write_regs(dev, EM28XX_R2A_YMIN, &ymin, 1);
	return em28xx_write_regs(dev, EM28XX_R2B_YMAX, &ymax, 1);
}

static void em28xx_capture_area_set(struct em28xx *dev, u8 hstart, u8 vstart,
				    u16 width, u16 height)
{
	u8 cwidth = width >> 2;
	u8 cheight = height >> 2;
	u8 overflow = (height >> 9 & 0x02) | (width >> 10 & 0x01);
	/* NOTE: size limit: 2047x1023 = 2MPix */

	em28xx_videodbg("capture area set to (%d,%d): %dx%d\n",
			hstart, vstart,
		       ((overflow & 2) << 9 | cwidth << 2),
		       ((overflow & 1) << 10 | cheight << 2));

	em28xx_write_regs(dev, EM28XX_R1C_HSTART, &hstart, 1);
	em28xx_write_regs(dev, EM28XX_R1D_VSTART, &vstart, 1);
	em28xx_write_regs(dev, EM28XX_R1E_CWIDTH, &cwidth, 1);
	em28xx_write_regs(dev, EM28XX_R1F_CHEIGHT, &cheight, 1);
	em28xx_write_regs(dev, EM28XX_R1B_OFLOW, &overflow, 1);

	/* FIXME: function/meaning of these registers ? */
	/* FIXME: align width+height to multiples of 4 ?! */
	if (dev->is_em25xx) {
		em28xx_write_reg(dev, 0x34, width >> 4);
		em28xx_write_reg(dev, 0x35, height >> 4);
	}
}

static int em28xx_scaler_set(struct em28xx *dev, u16 h, u16 v)
{
	u8 mode = 0x00;
	/* the em2800 scaler only supports scaling down to 50% */

	if (dev->board.is_em2800) {
		mode = (v ? 0x20 : 0x00) | (h ? 0x10 : 0x00);
	} else {
		u8 buf[2];

		buf[0] = h;
		buf[1] = h >> 8;
		em28xx_write_regs(dev, EM28XX_R30_HSCALELOW, (char *)buf, 2);

		buf[0] = v;
		buf[1] = v >> 8;
		em28xx_write_regs(dev, EM28XX_R32_VSCALELOW, (char *)buf, 2);
		/*
		 * it seems that both H and V scalers must be active
		 * to work correctly
		 */
		mode = (h || v) ? 0x30 : 0x00;
	}
	return em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R26_COMPR, mode);
}

/* FIXME: this only function read values from dev */
static int em28xx_resolution_set(struct em28xx *dev)
{
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	int width = norm_maxw(dev);
	int height = norm_maxh(dev);

	/* Properly setup VBI */
	v4l2->vbi_width = 720;
	if (v4l2->norm & V4L2_STD_525_60)
		v4l2->vbi_height = 12;
	else
		v4l2->vbi_height = 18;

	em28xx_set_outfmt(dev);

	em28xx_accumulator_set(dev, 1, (width - 4) >> 2, 1, (height - 4) >> 2);

	/*
	 * If we don't set the start position to 2 in VBI mode, we end up
	 * with line 20/21 being YUYV encoded instead of being in 8-bit
	 * greyscale.  The core of the issue is that line 21 (and line 23 for
	 * PAL WSS) are inside of active video region, and as a result they
	 * get the pixelformatting associated with that area.  So by cropping
	 * it out, we end up with the same format as the rest of the VBI
	 * region
	 */
	if (em28xx_vbi_supported(dev) == 1)
		em28xx_capture_area_set(dev, 0, 2, width, height);
	else
		em28xx_capture_area_set(dev, 0, 0, width, height);

	return em28xx_scaler_set(dev, v4l2->hscale, v4l2->vscale);
}

/* Set USB alternate setting for analog video */
static int em28xx_set_alternate(struct em28xx *dev)
{
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	struct usb_device *udev = interface_to_usbdev(dev->intf);
	int err;
	int i;
	unsigned int min_pkt_size = v4l2->width * 2 + 4;

	/*
	 * NOTE: for isoc transfers, only alt settings > 0 are allowed
	 * bulk transfers seem to work only with alt=0 !
	 */
	dev->alt = 0;
	if (alt > 0 && alt < dev->num_alt) {
		em28xx_videodbg("alternate forced to %d\n", dev->alt);
		dev->alt = alt;
		goto set_alt;
	}
	if (dev->analog_xfer_bulk)
		goto set_alt;

	/*
	 * When image size is bigger than a certain value,
	 * the frame size should be increased, otherwise, only
	 * green screen will be received.
	 */
	if (v4l2->width * 2 * v4l2->height > 720 * 240 * 2)
		min_pkt_size *= 2;

	for (i = 0; i < dev->num_alt; i++) {
		/* stop when the selected alt setting offers enough bandwidth */
		if (dev->alt_max_pkt_size_isoc[i] >= min_pkt_size) {
			dev->alt = i;
			break;
		/*
		 * otherwise make sure that we end up with the maximum
		 * bandwidth because the min_pkt_size equation might be wrong.
		 *
		 */
		} else if (dev->alt_max_pkt_size_isoc[i] >
			   dev->alt_max_pkt_size_isoc[dev->alt])
			dev->alt = i;
	}

set_alt:
	/*
	 * NOTE: for bulk transfers, we need to call usb_set_interface()
	 * even if the previous settings were the same. Otherwise streaming
	 * fails with all urbs having status = -EOVERFLOW !
	 */
	if (dev->analog_xfer_bulk) {
		dev->max_pkt_size = 512; /* USB 2.0 spec */
		dev->packet_multiplier = EM28XX_BULK_PACKET_MULTIPLIER;
	} else { /* isoc */
		em28xx_videodbg("minimum isoc packet size: %u (alt=%d)\n",
				min_pkt_size, dev->alt);
		dev->max_pkt_size =
				  dev->alt_max_pkt_size_isoc[dev->alt];
		dev->packet_multiplier = EM28XX_NUM_ISOC_PACKETS;
	}
	em28xx_videodbg("setting alternate %d with wMaxPacketSize=%u\n",
			dev->alt, dev->max_pkt_size);
	err = usb_set_interface(udev, dev->ifnum, dev->alt);
	if (err < 0) {
		dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
			"cannot change alternate number to %d (error=%i)\n",
			dev->alt, err);
		return err;
	}
	return 0;
}

/*
 * DMA and thread functions
 */

/*
 * Finish the current buffer
 */
static inline void finish_buffer(struct em28xx *dev,
				 struct em28xx_buffer *buf)
{
	em28xx_isocdbg("[%p/%d] wakeup\n", buf, buf->top_field);

	buf->vb.sequence = dev->v4l2->field_count++;
	if (dev->v4l2->progressive)
		buf->vb.field = V4L2_FIELD_NONE;
	else
		buf->vb.field = V4L2_FIELD_INTERLACED;
	buf->vb.vb2_buf.timestamp = ktime_get_ns();

	vb2_buffer_done(&buf->vb.vb2_buf, VB2_BUF_STATE_DONE);
}

/*
 * Copy picture data from USB buffer to videobuf buffer
 */
static void em28xx_copy_video(struct em28xx *dev,
			      struct em28xx_buffer *buf,
			      unsigned char *usb_buf,
			      unsigned long len)
{
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	void *fieldstart, *startwrite, *startread;
	int  linesdone, currlinedone, offset, lencopy, remain;
	int bytesperline = v4l2->width << 1;

	if (buf->pos + len > buf->length)
		len = buf->length - buf->pos;

	startread = usb_buf;
	remain = len;

	if (v4l2->progressive || buf->top_field)
		fieldstart = buf->vb_buf;
	else /* interlaced mode, even nr. of lines */
		fieldstart = buf->vb_buf + bytesperline;

	linesdone = buf->pos / bytesperline;
	currlinedone = buf->pos % bytesperline;

	if (v4l2->progressive)
		offset = linesdone * bytesperline + currlinedone;
	else
		offset = linesdone * bytesperline * 2 + currlinedone;

	startwrite = fieldstart + offset;
	lencopy = bytesperline - currlinedone;
	lencopy = lencopy > remain ? remain : lencopy;

	if ((char *)startwrite + lencopy > (char *)buf->vb_buf + buf->length) {
		em28xx_isocdbg("Overflow of %zu bytes past buffer end (1)\n",
			       ((char *)startwrite + lencopy) -
			      ((char *)buf->vb_buf + buf->length));
		remain = (char *)buf->vb_buf + buf->length -
			 (char *)startwrite;
		lencopy = remain;
	}
	if (lencopy <= 0)
		return;
	memcpy(startwrite, startread, lencopy);

	remain -= lencopy;

	while (remain > 0) {
		if (v4l2->progressive)
			startwrite += lencopy;
		else
			startwrite += lencopy + bytesperline;
		startread += lencopy;
		if (bytesperline > remain)
			lencopy = remain;
		else
			lencopy = bytesperline;

		if ((char *)startwrite + lencopy > (char *)buf->vb_buf +
		    buf->length) {
			em28xx_isocdbg("Overflow of %zu bytes past buffer end(2)\n",
				       ((char *)startwrite + lencopy) -
				       ((char *)buf->vb_buf + buf->length));
			remain = (char *)buf->vb_buf + buf->length -
				 (char *)startwrite;
			lencopy = remain;
		}
		if (lencopy <= 0)
			break;

		memcpy(startwrite, startread, lencopy);

		remain -= lencopy;
	}

	buf->pos += len;
}

/*
 * Copy VBI data from USB buffer to videobuf buffer
 */
static void em28xx_copy_vbi(struct em28xx *dev,
			    struct em28xx_buffer *buf,
			    unsigned char *usb_buf,
			    unsigned long len)
{
	unsigned int offset;

	if (buf->pos + len > buf->length)
		len = buf->length - buf->pos;

	offset = buf->pos;
	/* Make sure the bottom field populates the second half of the frame */
	if (buf->top_field == 0)
		offset += dev->v4l2->vbi_width * dev->v4l2->vbi_height;

	memcpy(buf->vb_buf + offset, usb_buf, len);
	buf->pos += len;
}

static inline void print_err_status(struct em28xx *dev,
				    int packet, int status)
{
	char *errmsg = "Unknown";

	switch (status) {
	case -ENOENT:
		errmsg = "unlinked synchronously";
		break;
	case -ECONNRESET:
		errmsg = "unlinked asynchronously";
		break;
	case -ENOSR:
		errmsg = "Buffer error (overrun)";
		break;
	case -EPIPE:
		errmsg = "Stalled (device not responding)";
		break;
	case -EOVERFLOW:
		errmsg = "Babble (bad cable?)";
		break;
	case -EPROTO:
		errmsg = "Bit-stuff error (bad cable?)";
		break;
	case -EILSEQ:
		errmsg = "CRC/Timeout (could be anything)";
		break;
	case -ETIME:
		errmsg = "Device does not respond";
		break;
	}
	if (packet < 0) {
		em28xx_isocdbg("URB status %d [%s].\n",	status, errmsg);
	} else {
		em28xx_isocdbg("URB packet %d, status %d [%s].\n",
			       packet, status, errmsg);
	}
}

/*
 * get the next available buffer from dma queue
 */
static inline struct em28xx_buffer *get_next_buf(struct em28xx *dev,
						 struct em28xx_dmaqueue *dma_q)
{
	struct em28xx_buffer *buf;

	if (list_empty(&dma_q->active)) {
		em28xx_isocdbg("No active queue to serve\n");
		return NULL;
	}

	/* Get the next buffer */
	buf = list_entry(dma_q->active.next, struct em28xx_buffer, list);
	/* Cleans up buffer - Useful for testing for frame/URB loss */
	list_del(&buf->list);
	buf->pos = 0;
	buf->vb_buf = buf->mem;

	return buf;
}

/*
 * Finish the current buffer if completed and prepare for the next field
 */
static struct em28xx_buffer *
finish_field_prepare_next(struct em28xx *dev,
			  struct em28xx_buffer *buf,
			  struct em28xx_dmaqueue *dma_q)
{
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;

	if (v4l2->progressive || v4l2->top_field) { /* Brand new frame */
		if (buf)
			finish_buffer(dev, buf);
		buf = get_next_buf(dev, dma_q);
	}
	if (buf) {
		buf->top_field = v4l2->top_field;
		buf->pos = 0;
	}

	return buf;
}

/*
 * Process data packet according to the em2710/em2750/em28xx frame data format
 */
static inline void process_frame_data_em28xx(struct em28xx *dev,
					     unsigned char *data_pkt,
					     unsigned int  data_len)
{
	struct em28xx_v4l2      *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	struct em28xx_buffer    *buf = dev->usb_ctl.vid_buf;
	struct em28xx_buffer    *vbi_buf = dev->usb_ctl.vbi_buf;
	struct em28xx_dmaqueue  *dma_q = &dev->vidq;
	struct em28xx_dmaqueue  *vbi_dma_q = &dev->vbiq;

	/*
	 * capture type 0 = vbi start
	 * capture type 1 = vbi in progress
	 * capture type 2 = video start
	 * capture type 3 = video in progress
	 */
	if (data_len >= 4) {
		/*
		 * NOTE: Headers are always 4 bytes and
		 * never split across packets
		 */
		if (data_pkt[0] == 0x88 && data_pkt[1] == 0x88 &&
		    data_pkt[2] == 0x88 && data_pkt[3] == 0x88) {
			/* Continuation */
			data_pkt += 4;
			data_len -= 4;
		} else if (data_pkt[0] == 0x33 && data_pkt[1] == 0x95) {
			/* Field start (VBI mode) */
			v4l2->capture_type = 0;
			v4l2->vbi_read = 0;
			em28xx_isocdbg("VBI START HEADER !!!\n");
			v4l2->top_field = !(data_pkt[2] & 1);
			data_pkt += 4;
			data_len -= 4;
		} else if (data_pkt[0] == 0x22 && data_pkt[1] == 0x5a) {
			/* Field start (VBI disabled) */
			v4l2->capture_type = 2;
			em28xx_isocdbg("VIDEO START HEADER !!!\n");
			v4l2->top_field = !(data_pkt[2] & 1);
			data_pkt += 4;
			data_len -= 4;
		}
	}
	/*
	 * NOTE: With bulk transfers, intermediate data packets
	 * have no continuation header
	 */

	if (v4l2->capture_type == 0) {
		vbi_buf = finish_field_prepare_next(dev, vbi_buf, vbi_dma_q);
		dev->usb_ctl.vbi_buf = vbi_buf;
		v4l2->capture_type = 1;
	}

	if (v4l2->capture_type == 1) {
		int vbi_size = v4l2->vbi_width * v4l2->vbi_height;
		int vbi_data_len = ((v4l2->vbi_read + data_len) > vbi_size) ?
				   (vbi_size - v4l2->vbi_read) : data_len;

		/* Copy VBI data */
		if (vbi_buf)
			em28xx_copy_vbi(dev, vbi_buf, data_pkt, vbi_data_len);
		v4l2->vbi_read += vbi_data_len;

		if (vbi_data_len < data_len) {
			/* Continue with copying video data */
			v4l2->capture_type = 2;
			data_pkt += vbi_data_len;
			data_len -= vbi_data_len;
		}
	}

	if (v4l2->capture_type == 2) {
		buf = finish_field_prepare_next(dev, buf, dma_q);
		dev->usb_ctl.vid_buf = buf;
		v4l2->capture_type = 3;
	}

	if (v4l2->capture_type == 3 && buf && data_len > 0)
		em28xx_copy_video(dev, buf, data_pkt, data_len);
}

/*
 * Process data packet according to the em25xx/em276x/7x/8x frame data format
 */
static inline void process_frame_data_em25xx(struct em28xx *dev,
					     unsigned char *data_pkt,
					     unsigned int  data_len)
{
	struct em28xx_buffer    *buf = dev->usb_ctl.vid_buf;
	struct em28xx_dmaqueue  *dmaq = &dev->vidq;
	struct em28xx_v4l2      *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	bool frame_end = false;

	/* Check for header */
	/*
	 * NOTE: at least with bulk transfers, only the first packet
	 * has a header and has always set the FRAME_END bit
	 */
	if (data_len >= 2) {	/* em25xx header is only 2 bytes long */
		if ((data_pkt[0] == EM25XX_FRMDATAHDR_BYTE1) &&
		    ((data_pkt[1] & ~EM25XX_FRMDATAHDR_BYTE2_MASK) == 0x00)) {
			v4l2->top_field = !(data_pkt[1] &
					   EM25XX_FRMDATAHDR_BYTE2_FRAME_ID);
			frame_end = data_pkt[1] &
				    EM25XX_FRMDATAHDR_BYTE2_FRAME_END;
			data_pkt += 2;
			data_len -= 2;
		}

		/* Finish field and prepare next (BULK only) */
		if (dev->analog_xfer_bulk && frame_end) {
			buf = finish_field_prepare_next(dev, buf, dmaq);
			dev->usb_ctl.vid_buf = buf;
		}
		/*
		 * NOTE: in ISOC mode when a new frame starts and buf==NULL,
		 * we COULD already prepare a buffer here to avoid skipping the
		 * first frame.
		 */
	}

	/* Copy data */
	if (buf && data_len > 0)
		em28xx_copy_video(dev, buf, data_pkt, data_len);

	/* Finish frame (ISOC only) => avoids lag of 1 frame */
	if (!dev->analog_xfer_bulk && frame_end) {
		buf = finish_field_prepare_next(dev, buf, dmaq);
		dev->usb_ctl.vid_buf = buf;
	}

	/*
	 * NOTES:
	 *
	 * 1) Tested with USB bulk transfers only !
	 * The wording in the datasheet suggests that isoc might work different.
	 * The current code assumes that with isoc transfers each packet has a
	 * header like with the other em28xx devices.
	 *
	 * 2) Support for interlaced mode is pure theory. It has not been
	 * tested and it is unknown if these devices actually support it.
	 */
}

/* Processes and copies the URB data content (video and VBI data) */
static inline int em28xx_urb_data_copy(struct em28xx *dev, struct urb *urb)
{
	int xfer_bulk, num_packets, i;
	unsigned char *usb_data_pkt;
	unsigned int usb_data_len;

	if (!dev)
		return 0;

	if (dev->disconnected)
		return 0;

	if (urb->status < 0)
		print_err_status(dev, -1, urb->status);

	xfer_bulk = usb_pipebulk(urb->pipe);

	if (xfer_bulk) /* bulk */
		num_packets = 1;
	else /* isoc */
		num_packets = urb->number_of_packets;

	for (i = 0; i < num_packets; i++) {
		if (xfer_bulk) { /* bulk */
			usb_data_len = urb->actual_length;

			usb_data_pkt = urb->transfer_buffer;
		} else { /* isoc */
			if (urb->iso_frame_desc[i].status < 0) {
				print_err_status(dev, i,
						 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].status);
				if (urb->iso_frame_desc[i].status != -EPROTO)
					continue;
			}

			usb_data_len = urb->iso_frame_desc[i].actual_length;
			if (usb_data_len > dev->max_pkt_size) {
				em28xx_isocdbg("packet bigger than packet size");
				continue;
			}

			usb_data_pkt = urb->transfer_buffer +
				       urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset;
		}

		if (usb_data_len == 0) {
			/* NOTE: happens very often with isoc transfers */
			/* em28xx_usbdbg("packet %d is empty",i); - spammy */
			continue;
		}

		if (dev->is_em25xx)
			process_frame_data_em25xx(dev,
						  usb_data_pkt, usb_data_len);
		else
			process_frame_data_em28xx(dev,
						  usb_data_pkt, usb_data_len);
	}
	return 1;
}

static int get_resource(enum v4l2_buf_type f_type)
{
	switch (f_type) {
	case V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE:
		return EM28XX_RESOURCE_VIDEO;
	case V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VBI_CAPTURE:
		return EM28XX_RESOURCE_VBI;
	default:
		WARN_ON(1);
		return -1; /* Indicate that device is busy */
	}
}

/* Usage lock check functions */
static int res_get(struct em28xx *dev, enum v4l2_buf_type f_type)
{
	int res_type = get_resource(f_type);

	/* is it free? */
	if (dev->resources & res_type) {
		/* no, someone else uses it */
		return -EBUSY;
	}

	/* it's free, grab it */
	dev->resources |= res_type;
	em28xx_videodbg("res: get %d\n", res_type);
	return 0;
}

static void res_free(struct em28xx *dev, enum v4l2_buf_type f_type)
{
	int res_type = get_resource(f_type);

	dev->resources &= ~res_type;
	em28xx_videodbg("res: put %d\n", res_type);
}

static void em28xx_v4l2_media_release(struct em28xx *dev)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < MAX_EM28XX_INPUT; i++) {
		if (!INPUT(i)->type)
			return;
		media_device_unregister_entity(&dev->input_ent[i]);
	}
#endif
}

/*
 * Media Controller helper functions
 */

static int em28xx_enable_analog_tuner(struct em28xx *dev)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER
	struct media_device *mdev = dev->media_dev;
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	struct media_entity *source;
	struct media_link *link, *found_link = NULL;
	int ret, active_links = 0;

	if (!mdev || !v4l2->decoder)
		return 0;

	/*
	 * This will find the tuner that is connected into the decoder.
	 * Technically, this is not 100% correct, as the device may be
	 * using an analog input instead of the tuner. However, as we can't
	 * do DVB streaming while the DMA engine is being used for V4L2,
	 * this should be enough for the actual needs.
	 */
	list_for_each_entry(link, &v4l2->decoder->links, list) {
		if (link->sink->entity == v4l2->decoder) {
			found_link = link;
			if (link->flags & MEDIA_LNK_FL_ENABLED)
				active_links++;
			break;
		}
	}

	if (active_links == 1 || !found_link)
		return 0;

	source = found_link->source->entity;
	list_for_each_entry(link, &source->links, list) {
		struct media_entity *sink;
		int flags = 0;

		sink = link->sink->entity;

		if (sink == v4l2->decoder)
			flags = MEDIA_LNK_FL_ENABLED;

		ret = media_entity_setup_link(link, flags);
		if (ret) {
			dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
				"Couldn't change link %s->%s to %s. Error %d\n",
				source->name, sink->name,
				flags ? "enabled" : "disabled",
				ret);
			return ret;
		}

		em28xx_videodbg("link %s->%s was %s\n",
				source->name, sink->name,
				flags ? "ENABLED" : "disabled");
	}
#endif
	return 0;
}

static const char * const iname[] = {
	[EM28XX_VMUX_COMPOSITE]  = "Composite",
	[EM28XX_VMUX_SVIDEO]     = "S-Video",
	[EM28XX_VMUX_TELEVISION] = "Television",
	[EM28XX_RADIO]           = "Radio",
};

static void em28xx_v4l2_create_entities(struct em28xx *dev)
{
#if defined(CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER)
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	int ret, i;

	/* Initialize Video, VBI and Radio pads */
	v4l2->video_pad.flags = MEDIA_PAD_FL_SINK;
	ret = media_entity_pads_init(&v4l2->vdev.entity, 1, &v4l2->video_pad);
	if (ret < 0)
		dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
			"failed to initialize video media entity!\n");

	if (em28xx_vbi_supported(dev)) {
		v4l2->vbi_pad.flags = MEDIA_PAD_FL_SINK;
		ret = media_entity_pads_init(&v4l2->vbi_dev.entity, 1,
					     &v4l2->vbi_pad);
		if (ret < 0)
			dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
				"failed to initialize vbi media entity!\n");
	}

	/* Webcams don't have input connectors */
	if (dev->is_webcam)
		return;

	/* Create entities for each input connector */
	for (i = 0; i < MAX_EM28XX_INPUT; i++) {
		struct media_entity *ent = &dev->input_ent[i];

		if (!INPUT(i)->type)
			break;

		ent->name = iname[INPUT(i)->type];
		ent->flags = MEDIA_ENT_FL_CONNECTOR;
		dev->input_pad[i].flags = MEDIA_PAD_FL_SOURCE;

		switch (INPUT(i)->type) {
		case EM28XX_VMUX_COMPOSITE:
			ent->function = MEDIA_ENT_F_CONN_COMPOSITE;
			break;
		case EM28XX_VMUX_SVIDEO:
			ent->function = MEDIA_ENT_F_CONN_SVIDEO;
			break;
		default: /* EM28XX_VMUX_TELEVISION or EM28XX_RADIO */
			if (dev->tuner_type != TUNER_ABSENT)
				ent->function = MEDIA_ENT_F_CONN_RF;
			break;
		}

		ret = media_entity_pads_init(ent, 1, &dev->input_pad[i]);
		if (ret < 0)
			dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
				"failed to initialize input pad[%d]!\n", i);

		ret = media_device_register_entity(dev->media_dev, ent);
		if (ret < 0)
			dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
				"failed to register input entity %d!\n", i);
	}
#endif
}

/*
 * Videobuf2 operations
 */

static int queue_setup(struct vb2_queue *vq,
		       unsigned int *nbuffers, unsigned int *nplanes,
		       unsigned int sizes[], struct device *alloc_devs[])
{
	struct em28xx *dev = vb2_get_drv_priv(vq);
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	unsigned long size =
		    (v4l2->width * v4l2->height * v4l2->format->depth + 7) >> 3;

	if (*nplanes)
		return sizes[0] < size ? -EINVAL : 0;
	*nplanes = 1;
	sizes[0] = size;

	em28xx_enable_analog_tuner(dev);

	return 0;
}

static int
buffer_prepare(struct vb2_buffer *vb)
{
	struct vb2_v4l2_buffer *vbuf = to_vb2_v4l2_buffer(vb);
	struct em28xx        *dev = vb2_get_drv_priv(vb->vb2_queue);
	struct em28xx_v4l2   *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	unsigned long size;

	em28xx_videodbg("%s, field=%d\n", __func__, vbuf->field);

	size = (v4l2->width * v4l2->height * v4l2->format->depth + 7) >> 3;

	if (vb2_plane_size(vb, 0) < size) {
		em28xx_videodbg("%s data will not fit into plane (%lu < %lu)\n",
				__func__, vb2_plane_size(vb, 0), size);
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	vb2_set_plane_payload(vb, 0, size);

	return 0;
}

int em28xx_start_analog_streaming(struct vb2_queue *vq, unsigned int count)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = vb2_get_drv_priv(vq);
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	struct v4l2_frequency f;
	struct v4l2_fh *owner;
	int rc = 0;

	em28xx_videodbg("%s\n", __func__);

	dev->v4l2->field_count = 0;

	/*
	 * Make sure streaming is not already in progress for this type
	 * of filehandle (e.g. video, vbi)
	 */
	rc = res_get(dev, vq->type);
	if (rc)
		return rc;

	if (v4l2->streaming_users == 0) {
		/* First active streaming user, so allocate all the URBs */

		/* Allocate the USB bandwidth */
		em28xx_set_alternate(dev);

		/*
		 * Needed, since GPIO might have disabled power of
		 * some i2c device
		 */
		em28xx_wake_i2c(dev);

		v4l2->capture_type = -1;
		rc = em28xx_init_usb_xfer(dev, EM28XX_ANALOG_MODE,
					  dev->analog_xfer_bulk,
					  EM28XX_NUM_BUFS,
					  dev->max_pkt_size,
					  dev->packet_multiplier,
					  em28xx_urb_data_copy);
		if (rc < 0)
			return rc;

		/*
		 * djh: it's not clear whether this code is still needed.  I'm
		 * leaving it in here for now entirely out of concern for
		 * backward compatibility (the old code did it)
		 */

		/* Ask tuner to go to analog or radio mode */
		memset(&f, 0, sizeof(f));
		f.frequency = v4l2->frequency;
		owner = (struct v4l2_fh *)vq->owner;
		if (owner && owner->vdev->vfl_type == VFL_TYPE_RADIO)
			f.type = V4L2_TUNER_RADIO;
		else
			f.type = V4L2_TUNER_ANALOG_TV;
		v4l2_device_call_all(&v4l2->v4l2_dev,
				     0, tuner, s_frequency, &f);

		/* Enable video stream at TV decoder */
		v4l2_device_call_all(&v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0, video, s_stream, 1);
	}

	v4l2->streaming_users++;

	return rc;
}

static void em28xx_stop_streaming(struct vb2_queue *vq)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = vb2_get_drv_priv(vq);
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	struct em28xx_dmaqueue *vidq = &dev->vidq;
	unsigned long flags = 0;

	em28xx_videodbg("%s\n", __func__);

	res_free(dev, vq->type);

	if (v4l2->streaming_users-- == 1) {
		/* Disable video stream at TV decoder */
		v4l2_device_call_all(&v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0, video, s_stream, 0);

		/* Last active user, so shutdown all the URBS */
		em28xx_uninit_usb_xfer(dev, EM28XX_ANALOG_MODE);
	}

	spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->slock, flags);
	if (dev->usb_ctl.vid_buf) {
		vb2_buffer_done(&dev->usb_ctl.vid_buf->vb.vb2_buf,
				VB2_BUF_STATE_ERROR);
		dev->usb_ctl.vid_buf = NULL;
	}
	while (!list_empty(&vidq->active)) {
		struct em28xx_buffer *buf;

		buf = list_entry(vidq->active.next, struct em28xx_buffer, list);
		list_del(&buf->list);
		vb2_buffer_done(&buf->vb.vb2_buf, VB2_BUF_STATE_ERROR);
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->slock, flags);
}

void em28xx_stop_vbi_streaming(struct vb2_queue *vq)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = vb2_get_drv_priv(vq);
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	struct em28xx_dmaqueue *vbiq = &dev->vbiq;
	unsigned long flags = 0;

	em28xx_videodbg("%s\n", __func__);

	res_free(dev, vq->type);

	if (v4l2->streaming_users-- == 1) {
		/* Disable video stream at TV decoder */
		v4l2_device_call_all(&v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0, video, s_stream, 0);

		/* Last active user, so shutdown all the URBS */
		em28xx_uninit_usb_xfer(dev, EM28XX_ANALOG_MODE);
	}

	spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->slock, flags);
	if (dev->usb_ctl.vbi_buf) {
		vb2_buffer_done(&dev->usb_ctl.vbi_buf->vb.vb2_buf,
				VB2_BUF_STATE_ERROR);
		dev->usb_ctl.vbi_buf = NULL;
	}
	while (!list_empty(&vbiq->active)) {
		struct em28xx_buffer *buf;

		buf = list_entry(vbiq->active.next, struct em28xx_buffer, list);
		list_del(&buf->list);
		vb2_buffer_done(&buf->vb.vb2_buf, VB2_BUF_STATE_ERROR);
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->slock, flags);
}

static void
buffer_queue(struct vb2_buffer *vb)
{
	struct vb2_v4l2_buffer *vbuf = to_vb2_v4l2_buffer(vb);
	struct em28xx *dev = vb2_get_drv_priv(vb->vb2_queue);
	struct em28xx_buffer *buf =
		container_of(vbuf, struct em28xx_buffer, vb);
	struct em28xx_dmaqueue *vidq = &dev->vidq;
	unsigned long flags = 0;

	em28xx_videodbg("%s\n", __func__);
	buf->mem = vb2_plane_vaddr(vb, 0);
	buf->length = vb2_plane_size(vb, 0);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->slock, flags);
	list_add_tail(&buf->list, &vidq->active);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->slock, flags);
}

static const struct vb2_ops em28xx_video_qops = {
	.queue_setup    = queue_setup,
	.buf_prepare    = buffer_prepare,
	.buf_queue      = buffer_queue,
	.start_streaming = em28xx_start_analog_streaming,
	.stop_streaming = em28xx_stop_streaming,
	.wait_prepare   = vb2_ops_wait_prepare,
	.wait_finish    = vb2_ops_wait_finish,
};

static int em28xx_vb2_setup(struct em28xx *dev)
{
	int rc;
	struct vb2_queue *q;
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;

	/* Setup Videobuf2 for Video capture */
	q = &v4l2->vb_vidq;
	q->type = V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE;
	q->io_modes = VB2_READ | VB2_MMAP | VB2_USERPTR | VB2_DMABUF;
	q->timestamp_flags = V4L2_BUF_FLAG_TIMESTAMP_MONOTONIC;
	q->drv_priv = dev;
	q->buf_struct_size = sizeof(struct em28xx_buffer);
	q->ops = &em28xx_video_qops;
	q->mem_ops = &vb2_vmalloc_memops;

	rc = vb2_queue_init(q);
	if (rc < 0)
		return rc;

	/* Setup Videobuf2 for VBI capture */
	q = &v4l2->vb_vbiq;
	q->type = V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VBI_CAPTURE;
	q->io_modes = VB2_READ | VB2_MMAP | VB2_USERPTR;
	q->timestamp_flags = V4L2_BUF_FLAG_TIMESTAMP_MONOTONIC;
	q->drv_priv = dev;
	q->buf_struct_size = sizeof(struct em28xx_buffer);
	q->ops = &em28xx_vbi_qops;
	q->mem_ops = &vb2_vmalloc_memops;

	rc = vb2_queue_init(q);
	if (rc < 0)
		return rc;

	return 0;
}

/*
 * v4l2 interface
 */

static void video_mux(struct em28xx *dev, int index)
{
	struct v4l2_device *v4l2_dev = &dev->v4l2->v4l2_dev;

	dev->ctl_input = index;
	dev->ctl_ainput = INPUT(index)->amux;
	dev->ctl_aoutput = INPUT(index)->aout;

	if (!dev->ctl_aoutput)
		dev->ctl_aoutput = EM28XX_AOUT_MASTER;

	v4l2_device_call_all(v4l2_dev, 0, video, s_routing,
			     INPUT(index)->vmux, 0, 0);

	if (dev->has_msp34xx) {
		if (dev->i2s_speed) {
			v4l2_device_call_all(v4l2_dev, 0, audio,
					     s_i2s_clock_freq, dev->i2s_speed);
		}
		/* Note: this is msp3400 specific */
		v4l2_device_call_all(v4l2_dev, 0, audio, s_routing,
				     dev->ctl_ainput,
				     MSP_OUTPUT(MSP_SC_IN_DSP_SCART1), 0);
	}

	if (dev->board.adecoder != EM28XX_NOADECODER) {
		v4l2_device_call_all(v4l2_dev, 0, audio, s_routing,
				     dev->ctl_ainput, dev->ctl_aoutput, 0);
	}

	em28xx_audio_analog_set(dev);
}

static void em28xx_ctrl_notify(struct v4l2_ctrl *ctrl, void *priv)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = priv;

	/*
	 * In the case of non-AC97 volume controls, we still need
	 * to do some setups at em28xx, in order to mute/unmute
	 * and to adjust audio volume. However, the value ranges
	 * should be checked by the corresponding V4L subdriver.
	 */
	switch (ctrl->id) {
	case V4L2_CID_AUDIO_MUTE:
		dev->mute = ctrl->val;
		em28xx_audio_analog_set(dev);
		break;
	case V4L2_CID_AUDIO_VOLUME:
		dev->volume = ctrl->val;
		em28xx_audio_analog_set(dev);
		break;
	}
}

static int em28xx_s_ctrl(struct v4l2_ctrl *ctrl)
{
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 =
		  container_of(ctrl->handler, struct em28xx_v4l2, ctrl_handler);
	struct em28xx *dev = v4l2->dev;
	int ret = -EINVAL;

	switch (ctrl->id) {
	case V4L2_CID_AUDIO_MUTE:
		dev->mute = ctrl->val;
		ret = em28xx_audio_analog_set(dev);
		break;
	case V4L2_CID_AUDIO_VOLUME:
		dev->volume = ctrl->val;
		ret = em28xx_audio_analog_set(dev);
		break;
	case V4L2_CID_CONTRAST:
		ret = em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R20_YGAIN, ctrl->val);
		break;
	case V4L2_CID_BRIGHTNESS:
		ret = em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R21_YOFFSET, ctrl->val);
		break;
	case V4L2_CID_SATURATION:
		ret = em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R22_UVGAIN, ctrl->val);
		break;
	case V4L2_CID_BLUE_BALANCE:
		ret = em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R23_UOFFSET, ctrl->val);
		break;
	case V4L2_CID_RED_BALANCE:
		ret = em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R24_VOFFSET, ctrl->val);
		break;
	case V4L2_CID_SHARPNESS:
		ret = em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R25_SHARPNESS, ctrl->val);
		break;
	}

	return (ret < 0) ? ret : 0;
}

static const struct v4l2_ctrl_ops em28xx_ctrl_ops = {
	.s_ctrl = em28xx_s_ctrl,
};

static void size_to_scale(struct em28xx *dev,
			  unsigned int width, unsigned int height,
			unsigned int *hscale, unsigned int *vscale)
{
	unsigned int          maxw = norm_maxw(dev);
	unsigned int          maxh = norm_maxh(dev);

	*hscale = (((unsigned long)maxw) << 12) / width - 4096L;
	if (*hscale > EM28XX_HVSCALE_MAX)
		*hscale = EM28XX_HVSCALE_MAX;

	*vscale = (((unsigned long)maxh) << 12) / height - 4096L;
	if (*vscale > EM28XX_HVSCALE_MAX)
		*vscale = EM28XX_HVSCALE_MAX;
}

static void scale_to_size(struct em28xx *dev,
			  unsigned int hscale, unsigned int vscale,
			  unsigned int *width, unsigned int *height)
{
	unsigned int          maxw = norm_maxw(dev);
	unsigned int          maxh = norm_maxh(dev);

	*width = (((unsigned long)maxw) << 12) / (hscale + 4096L);
	*height = (((unsigned long)maxh) << 12) / (vscale + 4096L);

	/* Don't let width or height to be zero */
	if (*width < 1)
		*width = 1;
	if (*height < 1)
		*height = 1;
}

/*
 * IOCTL vidioc handling
 */

static int vidioc_g_fmt_vid_cap(struct file *file, void *priv,
				struct v4l2_format *f)
{
	struct em28xx         *dev = video_drvdata(file);
	struct em28xx_v4l2    *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;

	f->fmt.pix.width = v4l2->width;
	f->fmt.pix.height = v4l2->height;
	f->fmt.pix.pixelformat = v4l2->format->fourcc;
	f->fmt.pix.bytesperline = (v4l2->width * v4l2->format->depth + 7) >> 3;
	f->fmt.pix.sizeimage = f->fmt.pix.bytesperline * v4l2->height;
	f->fmt.pix.colorspace = V4L2_COLORSPACE_SMPTE170M;

	/* FIXME: TOP? NONE? BOTTOM? ALTENATE? */
	if (v4l2->progressive)
		f->fmt.pix.field = V4L2_FIELD_NONE;
	else
		f->fmt.pix.field = v4l2->interlaced_fieldmode ?
			   V4L2_FIELD_INTERLACED : V4L2_FIELD_TOP;
	return 0;
}

static struct em28xx_fmt *format_by_fourcc(unsigned int fourcc)
{
	unsigned int i;

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(format); i++)
		if (format[i].fourcc == fourcc)
			return &format[i];

	return NULL;
}

static int vidioc_try_fmt_vid_cap(struct file *file, void *priv,
				  struct v4l2_format *f)
{
	struct em28xx         *dev   = video_drvdata(file);
	struct em28xx_v4l2    *v4l2  = dev->v4l2;
	unsigned int          width  = f->fmt.pix.width;
	unsigned int          height = f->fmt.pix.height;
	unsigned int          maxw   = norm_maxw(dev);
	unsigned int          maxh   = norm_maxh(dev);
	unsigned int          hscale, vscale;
	struct em28xx_fmt     *fmt;

	fmt = format_by_fourcc(f->fmt.pix.pixelformat);
	if (!fmt) {
		fmt = &format[0];
		em28xx_videodbg("Fourcc format (%08x) invalid. Using default (%08x).\n",
				f->fmt.pix.pixelformat, fmt->fourcc);
	}

	if (dev->board.is_em2800) {
		/* the em2800 can only scale down to 50% */
		height = height > (3 * maxh / 4) ? maxh : maxh / 2;
		width = width > (3 * maxw / 4) ? maxw : maxw / 2;
		/*
		 * MaxPacketSize for em2800 is too small to capture at full
		 * resolution use half of maxw as the scaler can only scale
		 * to 50%
		 */
		if (width == maxw && height == maxh)
			width /= 2;
	} else {
		/*
		 * width must even because of the YUYV format
		 * height must be even because of interlacing
		 */
		v4l_bound_align_image(&width, 48, maxw, 1, &height, 32, maxh,
				      1, 0);
	}
	/* Avoid division by zero at size_to_scale */
	if (width < 1)
		width = 1;
	if (height < 1)
		height = 1;

	size_to_scale(dev, width, height, &hscale, &vscale);
	scale_to_size(dev, hscale, vscale, &width, &height);

	f->fmt.pix.width = width;
	f->fmt.pix.height = height;
	f->fmt.pix.pixelformat = fmt->fourcc;
	f->fmt.pix.bytesperline = (width * fmt->depth + 7) >> 3;
	f->fmt.pix.sizeimage = f->fmt.pix.bytesperline * height;
	f->fmt.pix.colorspace = V4L2_COLORSPACE_SMPTE170M;
	if (v4l2->progressive)
		f->fmt.pix.field = V4L2_FIELD_NONE;
	else
		f->fmt.pix.field = v4l2->interlaced_fieldmode ?
			   V4L2_FIELD_INTERLACED : V4L2_FIELD_TOP;

	return 0;
}

static int em28xx_set_video_format(struct em28xx *dev, unsigned int fourcc,
				   unsigned int width, unsigned int height)
{
	struct em28xx_fmt     *fmt;
	struct em28xx_v4l2    *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;

	fmt = format_by_fourcc(fourcc);
	if (!fmt)
		return -EINVAL;

	v4l2->format = fmt;
	v4l2->width  = width;
	v4l2->height = height;

	/* set new image size */
	size_to_scale(dev, v4l2->width, v4l2->height,
		      &v4l2->hscale, &v4l2->vscale);

	em28xx_resolution_set(dev);

	return 0;
}

static int vidioc_s_fmt_vid_cap(struct file *file, void *priv,
				struct v4l2_format *f)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;

	if (vb2_is_busy(&v4l2->vb_vidq))
		return -EBUSY;

	vidioc_try_fmt_vid_cap(file, priv, f);

	return em28xx_set_video_format(dev, f->fmt.pix.pixelformat,
				f->fmt.pix.width, f->fmt.pix.height);
}

static int vidioc_g_std(struct file *file, void *priv, v4l2_std_id *norm)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);

	*norm = dev->v4l2->norm;

	return 0;
}

static int vidioc_querystd(struct file *file, void *priv, v4l2_std_id *norm)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);

	v4l2_device_call_all(&dev->v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0, video, querystd, norm);

	return 0;
}

static int vidioc_s_std(struct file *file, void *priv, v4l2_std_id norm)
{
	struct em28xx      *dev  = video_drvdata(file);
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	struct v4l2_format f;

	if (norm == v4l2->norm)
		return 0;

	if (v4l2->streaming_users > 0)
		return -EBUSY;

	v4l2->norm = norm;

	/* Adjusts width/height, if needed */
	f.fmt.pix.width = 720;
	f.fmt.pix.height = (norm & V4L2_STD_525_60) ? 480 : 576;
	vidioc_try_fmt_vid_cap(file, priv, &f);

	/* set new image size */
	v4l2->width = f.fmt.pix.width;
	v4l2->height = f.fmt.pix.height;
	size_to_scale(dev, v4l2->width, v4l2->height,
		      &v4l2->hscale, &v4l2->vscale);

	em28xx_resolution_set(dev);
	v4l2_device_call_all(&v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0, video, s_std, v4l2->norm);

	return 0;
}

static int vidioc_g_parm(struct file *file, void *priv,
			 struct v4l2_streamparm *p)
{
	struct v4l2_subdev_frame_interval ival = { 0 };
	struct em28xx      *dev  = video_drvdata(file);
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	int rc = 0;

	if (p->type != V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE &&
	    p->type != V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE_MPLANE)
		return -EINVAL;

	p->parm.capture.readbuffers = EM28XX_MIN_BUF;
	p->parm.capture.capability = V4L2_CAP_TIMEPERFRAME;
	if (dev->is_webcam) {
		rc = v4l2_device_call_until_err(&v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0,
						video, g_frame_interval, &ival);
		if (!rc)
			p->parm.capture.timeperframe = ival.interval;
	} else {
		v4l2_video_std_frame_period(v4l2->norm,
					    &p->parm.capture.timeperframe);
	}

	return rc;
}

static int vidioc_s_parm(struct file *file, void *priv,
			 struct v4l2_streamparm *p)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);
	struct v4l2_subdev_frame_interval ival = {
		0,
		p->parm.capture.timeperframe
	};
	int rc = 0;

	if (!dev->is_webcam)
		return -ENOTTY;

	if (p->type != V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE &&
	    p->type != V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE_MPLANE)
		return -EINVAL;

	memset(&p->parm, 0, sizeof(p->parm));
	p->parm.capture.readbuffers = EM28XX_MIN_BUF;
	p->parm.capture.capability = V4L2_CAP_TIMEPERFRAME;
	rc = v4l2_device_call_until_err(&dev->v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0,
					video, s_frame_interval, &ival);
	if (!rc)
		p->parm.capture.timeperframe = ival.interval;
	return rc;
}

static int vidioc_enum_input(struct file *file, void *priv,
			     struct v4l2_input *i)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);
	unsigned int       n;
	int j;

	n = i->index;
	if (n >= MAX_EM28XX_INPUT)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (!INPUT(n)->type)
		return -EINVAL;

	i->type = V4L2_INPUT_TYPE_CAMERA;

	strscpy(i->name, iname[INPUT(n)->type], sizeof(i->name));

	if (INPUT(n)->type == EM28XX_VMUX_TELEVISION)
		i->type = V4L2_INPUT_TYPE_TUNER;

	i->std = dev->v4l2->vdev.tvnorms;
	/* webcams do not have the STD API */
	if (dev->is_webcam)
		i->capabilities = 0;

	/* Dynamically generates an audioset bitmask */
	i->audioset = 0;
	for (j = 0; j < MAX_EM28XX_INPUT; j++)
		if (dev->amux_map[j] != EM28XX_AMUX_UNUSED)
			i->audioset |= 1 << j;

	return 0;
}

static int vidioc_g_input(struct file *file, void *priv, unsigned int *i)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);

	*i = dev->ctl_input;

	return 0;
}

static int vidioc_s_input(struct file *file, void *priv, unsigned int i)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);

	if (i >= MAX_EM28XX_INPUT)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (!INPUT(i)->type)
		return -EINVAL;

	video_mux(dev, i);
	return 0;
}

static int em28xx_fill_audio_input(struct em28xx *dev,
				   const char *s,
				   struct v4l2_audio *a,
				   unsigned int index)
{
	unsigned int idx = dev->amux_map[index];

	/*
	 * With msp3400, almost all mappings use the default (amux = 0).
	 * The only one may use a different value is WinTV USB2, where it
	 * can also be SCART1 input.
	 * As it is very doubtful that we would see new boards with msp3400,
	 * let's just reuse the existing switch.
	 */
	if (dev->has_msp34xx && idx != EM28XX_AMUX_UNUSED)
		idx = EM28XX_AMUX_LINE_IN;

	switch (idx) {
	case EM28XX_AMUX_VIDEO:
		strscpy(a->name, "Television", sizeof(a->name));
		break;
	case EM28XX_AMUX_LINE_IN:
		strscpy(a->name, "Line In", sizeof(a->name));
		break;
	case EM28XX_AMUX_VIDEO2:
		strscpy(a->name, "Television alt", sizeof(a->name));
		break;
	case EM28XX_AMUX_PHONE:
		strscpy(a->name, "Phone", sizeof(a->name));
		break;
	case EM28XX_AMUX_MIC:
		strscpy(a->name, "Mic", sizeof(a->name));
		break;
	case EM28XX_AMUX_CD:
		strscpy(a->name, "CD", sizeof(a->name));
		break;
	case EM28XX_AMUX_AUX:
		strscpy(a->name, "Aux", sizeof(a->name));
		break;
	case EM28XX_AMUX_PCM_OUT:
		strscpy(a->name, "PCM", sizeof(a->name));
		break;
	case EM28XX_AMUX_UNUSED:
	default:
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	a->index = index;
	a->capability = V4L2_AUDCAP_STEREO;

	em28xx_videodbg("%s: audio input index %d is '%s'\n",
			s, a->index, a->name);

	return 0;
}

static int vidioc_enumaudio(struct file *file, void *fh, struct v4l2_audio *a)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);

	if (a->index >= MAX_EM28XX_INPUT)
		return -EINVAL;

	return em28xx_fill_audio_input(dev, __func__, a, a->index);
}

static int vidioc_g_audio(struct file *file, void *priv, struct v4l2_audio *a)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < MAX_EM28XX_INPUT; i++)
		if (dev->ctl_ainput == dev->amux_map[i])
			return em28xx_fill_audio_input(dev, __func__, a, i);

	/* Should never happen! */
	return -EINVAL;
}

static int vidioc_s_audio(struct file *file, void *priv,
			  const struct v4l2_audio *a)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);
	int idx, i;

	if (a->index >= MAX_EM28XX_INPUT)
		return -EINVAL;

	idx = dev->amux_map[a->index];

	if (idx == EM28XX_AMUX_UNUSED)
		return -EINVAL;

	dev->ctl_ainput = idx;

	/*
	 * FIXME: This is wrong, as different inputs at em28xx_cards
	 * may have different audio outputs. So, the right thing
	 * to do is to implement VIDIOC_G_AUDOUT/VIDIOC_S_AUDOUT.
	 * With the current board definitions, this would work fine,
	 * as, currently, all boards fit.
	 */
	for (i = 0; i < MAX_EM28XX_INPUT; i++)
		if (idx == dev->amux_map[i])
			break;
	if (i == MAX_EM28XX_INPUT)
		return -EINVAL;

	dev->ctl_aoutput = INPUT(i)->aout;

	if (!dev->ctl_aoutput)
		dev->ctl_aoutput = EM28XX_AOUT_MASTER;

	em28xx_videodbg("%s: set audio input to %d\n", __func__,
			dev->ctl_ainput);

	return 0;
}

static int vidioc_g_tuner(struct file *file, void *priv,
			  struct v4l2_tuner *t)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);

	if (t->index != 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	strscpy(t->name, "Tuner", sizeof(t->name));

	v4l2_device_call_all(&dev->v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0, tuner, g_tuner, t);
	return 0;
}

static int vidioc_s_tuner(struct file *file, void *priv,
			  const struct v4l2_tuner *t)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);

	if (t->index != 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	v4l2_device_call_all(&dev->v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0, tuner, s_tuner, t);
	return 0;
}

static int vidioc_g_frequency(struct file *file, void *priv,
			      struct v4l2_frequency *f)
{
	struct em28xx         *dev = video_drvdata(file);
	struct em28xx_v4l2    *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;

	if (f->tuner != 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	f->frequency = v4l2->frequency;
	return 0;
}

static int vidioc_s_frequency(struct file *file, void *priv,
			      const struct v4l2_frequency *f)
{
	struct v4l2_frequency  new_freq = *f;
	struct em28xx             *dev  = video_drvdata(file);
	struct em28xx_v4l2        *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;

	if (f->tuner != 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	v4l2_device_call_all(&v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0, tuner, s_frequency, f);
	v4l2_device_call_all(&v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0, tuner, g_frequency, &new_freq);
	v4l2->frequency = new_freq.frequency;

	return 0;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_VIDEO_ADV_DEBUG
static int vidioc_g_chip_info(struct file *file, void *priv,
			      struct v4l2_dbg_chip_info *chip)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);

	if (chip->match.addr > 1)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (chip->match.addr == 1)
		strscpy(chip->name, "ac97", sizeof(chip->name));
	else
		strscpy(chip->name,
			dev->v4l2->v4l2_dev.name, sizeof(chip->name));
	return 0;
}

static int em28xx_reg_len(int reg)
{
	switch (reg) {
	case EM28XX_R40_AC97LSB:
	case EM28XX_R30_HSCALELOW:
	case EM28XX_R32_VSCALELOW:
		return 2;
	default:
		return 1;
	}
}

static int vidioc_g_register(struct file *file, void *priv,
			     struct v4l2_dbg_register *reg)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);
	int ret;

	if (reg->match.addr > 1)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (reg->match.addr) {
		ret = em28xx_read_ac97(dev, reg->reg);
		if (ret < 0)
			return ret;

		reg->val = ret;
		reg->size = 1;
		return 0;
	}

	/* Match host */
	reg->size = em28xx_reg_len(reg->reg);
	if (reg->size == 1) {
		ret = em28xx_read_reg(dev, reg->reg);

		if (ret < 0)
			return ret;

		reg->val = ret;
	} else {
		__le16 val = 0;

		ret = dev->em28xx_read_reg_req_len(dev, USB_REQ_GET_STATUS,
						   reg->reg, (char *)&val, 2);
		if (ret < 0)
			return ret;

		reg->val = le16_to_cpu(val);
	}

	return 0;
}

static int vidioc_s_register(struct file *file, void *priv,
			     const struct v4l2_dbg_register *reg)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);
	__le16 buf;

	if (reg->match.addr > 1)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (reg->match.addr)
		return em28xx_write_ac97(dev, reg->reg, reg->val);

	/* Match host */
	buf = cpu_to_le16(reg->val);

	return em28xx_write_regs(dev, reg->reg, (char *)&buf,
			       em28xx_reg_len(reg->reg));
}
#endif

static int vidioc_querycap(struct file *file, void  *priv,
			   struct v4l2_capability *cap)
{
	struct em28xx         *dev  = video_drvdata(file);
	struct em28xx_v4l2    *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	struct usb_device *udev = interface_to_usbdev(dev->intf);

	strscpy(cap->driver, "em28xx", sizeof(cap->driver));
	strscpy(cap->card, em28xx_boards[dev->model].name, sizeof(cap->card));
	usb_make_path(udev, cap->bus_info, sizeof(cap->bus_info));

	cap->capabilities = V4L2_CAP_DEVICE_CAPS | V4L2_CAP_READWRITE |
			    V4L2_CAP_VIDEO_CAPTURE | V4L2_CAP_STREAMING;
	if (dev->int_audio_type != EM28XX_INT_AUDIO_NONE)
		cap->capabilities |= V4L2_CAP_AUDIO;
	if (dev->tuner_type != TUNER_ABSENT)
		cap->capabilities |= V4L2_CAP_TUNER;
	if (video_is_registered(&v4l2->vbi_dev))
		cap->capabilities |= V4L2_CAP_VBI_CAPTURE;
	if (video_is_registered(&v4l2->radio_dev))
		cap->capabilities |= V4L2_CAP_RADIO;
	return 0;
}

static int vidioc_enum_fmt_vid_cap(struct file *file, void  *priv,
				   struct v4l2_fmtdesc *f)
{
	if (unlikely(f->index >= ARRAY_SIZE(format)))
		return -EINVAL;

	f->pixelformat = format[f->index].fourcc;

	return 0;
}

static int vidioc_enum_framesizes(struct file *file, void *priv,
				  struct v4l2_frmsizeenum *fsize)
{
	struct em28xx         *dev = video_drvdata(file);
	struct em28xx_fmt     *fmt;
	unsigned int	      maxw = norm_maxw(dev);
	unsigned int	      maxh = norm_maxh(dev);

	fmt = format_by_fourcc(fsize->pixel_format);
	if (!fmt) {
		em28xx_videodbg("Fourcc format (%08x) invalid.\n",
				fsize->pixel_format);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (dev->board.is_em2800) {
		if (fsize->index > 1)
			return -EINVAL;
		fsize->type = V4L2_FRMSIZE_TYPE_DISCRETE;
		fsize->discrete.width = maxw / (1 + fsize->index);
		fsize->discrete.height = maxh / (1 + fsize->index);
		return 0;
	}

	if (fsize->index != 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	/* Report a continuous range */
	fsize->type = V4L2_FRMSIZE_TYPE_STEPWISE;
	scale_to_size(dev, EM28XX_HVSCALE_MAX, EM28XX_HVSCALE_MAX,
		      &fsize->stepwise.min_width, &fsize->stepwise.min_height);
	if (fsize->stepwise.min_width < 48)
		fsize->stepwise.min_width = 48;
	if (fsize->stepwise.min_height < 38)
		fsize->stepwise.min_height = 38;
	fsize->stepwise.max_width = maxw;
	fsize->stepwise.max_height = maxh;
	fsize->stepwise.step_width = 1;
	fsize->stepwise.step_height = 1;
	return 0;
}

/* RAW VBI ioctls */

static int vidioc_g_fmt_vbi_cap(struct file *file, void *priv,
				struct v4l2_format *format)
{
	struct em28xx         *dev  = video_drvdata(file);
	struct em28xx_v4l2    *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;

	format->fmt.vbi.samples_per_line = v4l2->vbi_width;
	format->fmt.vbi.sample_format = V4L2_PIX_FMT_GREY;
	format->fmt.vbi.offset = 0;
	format->fmt.vbi.flags = 0;
	format->fmt.vbi.sampling_rate = 6750000 * 4 / 2;
	format->fmt.vbi.count[0] = v4l2->vbi_height;
	format->fmt.vbi.count[1] = v4l2->vbi_height;
	memset(format->fmt.vbi.reserved, 0, sizeof(format->fmt.vbi.reserved));

	/* Varies by video standard (NTSC, PAL, etc.) */
	if (v4l2->norm & V4L2_STD_525_60) {
		/* NTSC */
		format->fmt.vbi.start[0] = 10;
		format->fmt.vbi.start[1] = 273;
	} else if (v4l2->norm & V4L2_STD_625_50) {
		/* PAL */
		format->fmt.vbi.start[0] = 6;
		format->fmt.vbi.start[1] = 318;
	}

	return 0;
}

/*
 * RADIO ESPECIFIC IOCTLS
 */

static int radio_g_tuner(struct file *file, void *priv,
			 struct v4l2_tuner *t)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);

	if (unlikely(t->index > 0))
		return -EINVAL;

	strscpy(t->name, "Radio", sizeof(t->name));

	v4l2_device_call_all(&dev->v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0, tuner, g_tuner, t);

	return 0;
}

static int radio_s_tuner(struct file *file, void *priv,
			 const struct v4l2_tuner *t)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(file);

	if (t->index != 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	v4l2_device_call_all(&dev->v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0, tuner, s_tuner, t);

	return 0;
}

/*
 * em28xx_free_v4l2() - Free struct em28xx_v4l2
 *
 * @ref: struct kref for struct em28xx_v4l2
 *
 * Called when all users of struct em28xx_v4l2 are gone
 */
static void em28xx_free_v4l2(struct kref *ref)
{
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = container_of(ref, struct em28xx_v4l2, ref);

	v4l2->dev->v4l2 = NULL;
	kfree(v4l2);
}

/*
 * em28xx_v4l2_open()
 * inits the device and starts isoc transfer
 */
static int em28xx_v4l2_open(struct file *filp)
{
	struct video_device *vdev = video_devdata(filp);
	struct em28xx *dev = video_drvdata(filp);
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	enum v4l2_buf_type fh_type = 0;
	int ret;

	switch (vdev->vfl_type) {
	case VFL_TYPE_GRABBER:
		fh_type = V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE;
		break;
	case VFL_TYPE_VBI:
		fh_type = V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VBI_CAPTURE;
		break;
	case VFL_TYPE_RADIO:
		break;
	default:
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	em28xx_videodbg("open dev=%s type=%s users=%d\n",
			video_device_node_name(vdev), v4l2_type_names[fh_type],
			v4l2->users);

	if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev->lock))
		return -ERESTARTSYS;

	ret = v4l2_fh_open(filp);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
			"%s: v4l2_fh_open() returned error %d\n",
		       __func__, ret);
		mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
		return ret;
	}

	if (v4l2->users == 0) {
		em28xx_set_mode(dev, EM28XX_ANALOG_MODE);

		if (vdev->vfl_type != VFL_TYPE_RADIO)
			em28xx_resolution_set(dev);

		/*
		 * Needed, since GPIO might have disabled power
		 * of some i2c devices
		 */
		em28xx_wake_i2c(dev);
	}

	if (vdev->vfl_type == VFL_TYPE_RADIO) {
		em28xx_videodbg("video_open: setting radio device\n");
		v4l2_device_call_all(&v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0, tuner, s_radio);
	}

	kref_get(&dev->ref);
	kref_get(&v4l2->ref);
	v4l2->users++;

	mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);

	return 0;
}

/*
 * em28xx_v4l2_fini()
 * unregisters the v4l2,i2c and usb devices
 * called when the device gets disconnected or at module unload
 */
static int em28xx_v4l2_fini(struct em28xx *dev)
{
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;

	if (dev->is_audio_only) {
		/* Shouldn't initialize IR for this interface */
		return 0;
	}

	if (!dev->has_video) {
		/* This device does not support the v4l2 extension */
		return 0;
	}

	if (!v4l2)
		return 0;

	dev_info(&dev->intf->dev, "Closing video extension\n");

	mutex_lock(&dev->lock);

	v4l2_device_disconnect(&v4l2->v4l2_dev);

	em28xx_uninit_usb_xfer(dev, EM28XX_ANALOG_MODE);

	em28xx_v4l2_media_release(dev);

	if (video_is_registered(&v4l2->radio_dev)) {
		dev_info(&dev->intf->dev, "V4L2 device %s deregistered\n",
			 video_device_node_name(&v4l2->radio_dev));
		video_unregister_device(&v4l2->radio_dev);
	}
	if (video_is_registered(&v4l2->vbi_dev)) {
		dev_info(&dev->intf->dev, "V4L2 device %s deregistered\n",
			 video_device_node_name(&v4l2->vbi_dev));
		video_unregister_device(&v4l2->vbi_dev);
	}
	if (video_is_registered(&v4l2->vdev)) {
		dev_info(&dev->intf->dev, "V4L2 device %s deregistered\n",
			 video_device_node_name(&v4l2->vdev));
		video_unregister_device(&v4l2->vdev);
	}

	v4l2_ctrl_handler_free(&v4l2->ctrl_handler);
	v4l2_device_unregister(&v4l2->v4l2_dev);

	kref_put(&v4l2->ref, em28xx_free_v4l2);

	mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);

	kref_put(&dev->ref, em28xx_free_device);

	return 0;
}

static int em28xx_v4l2_suspend(struct em28xx *dev)
{
	if (dev->is_audio_only)
		return 0;

	if (!dev->has_video)
		return 0;

	dev_info(&dev->intf->dev, "Suspending video extension\n");
	em28xx_stop_urbs(dev);
	return 0;
}

static int em28xx_v4l2_resume(struct em28xx *dev)
{
	if (dev->is_audio_only)
		return 0;

	if (!dev->has_video)
		return 0;

	dev_info(&dev->intf->dev, "Resuming video extension\n");
	/* what do we do here */
	return 0;
}

/*
 * em28xx_v4l2_close()
 * stops streaming and deallocates all resources allocated by the v4l2
 * calls and ioctls
 */
static int em28xx_v4l2_close(struct file *filp)
{
	struct em28xx         *dev  = video_drvdata(filp);
	struct em28xx_v4l2    *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	struct usb_device *udev = interface_to_usbdev(dev->intf);
	int              err;

	em28xx_videodbg("users=%d\n", v4l2->users);

	vb2_fop_release(filp);
	mutex_lock(&dev->lock);

	if (v4l2->users == 1) {
		/* No sense to try to write to the device */
		if (dev->disconnected)
			goto exit;

		/* Save some power by putting tuner to sleep */
		v4l2_device_call_all(&v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0, tuner, standby);

		/* do this before setting alternate! */
		em28xx_set_mode(dev, EM28XX_SUSPEND);

		/* set alternate 0 */
		dev->alt = 0;
		em28xx_videodbg("setting alternate 0\n");
		err = usb_set_interface(udev, 0, 0);
		if (err < 0) {
			dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
				"cannot change alternate number to 0 (error=%i)\n",
				err);
		}
	}

exit:
	v4l2->users--;
	kref_put(&v4l2->ref, em28xx_free_v4l2);
	mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
	kref_put(&dev->ref, em28xx_free_device);

	return 0;
}

static const struct v4l2_file_operations em28xx_v4l_fops = {
	.owner         = THIS_MODULE,
	.open          = em28xx_v4l2_open,
	.release       = em28xx_v4l2_close,
	.read          = vb2_fop_read,
	.poll          = vb2_fop_poll,
	.mmap          = vb2_fop_mmap,
	.unlocked_ioctl = video_ioctl2,
};

static const struct v4l2_ioctl_ops video_ioctl_ops = {
	.vidioc_querycap            = vidioc_querycap,
	.vidioc_enum_fmt_vid_cap    = vidioc_enum_fmt_vid_cap,
	.vidioc_g_fmt_vid_cap       = vidioc_g_fmt_vid_cap,
	.vidioc_try_fmt_vid_cap     = vidioc_try_fmt_vid_cap,
	.vidioc_s_fmt_vid_cap       = vidioc_s_fmt_vid_cap,
	.vidioc_g_fmt_vbi_cap       = vidioc_g_fmt_vbi_cap,
	.vidioc_try_fmt_vbi_cap     = vidioc_g_fmt_vbi_cap,
	.vidioc_s_fmt_vbi_cap       = vidioc_g_fmt_vbi_cap,
	.vidioc_enum_framesizes     = vidioc_enum_framesizes,
	.vidioc_enumaudio           = vidioc_enumaudio,
	.vidioc_g_audio             = vidioc_g_audio,
	.vidioc_s_audio             = vidioc_s_audio,

	.vidioc_reqbufs             = vb2_ioctl_reqbufs,
	.vidioc_create_bufs         = vb2_ioctl_create_bufs,
	.vidioc_prepare_buf         = vb2_ioctl_prepare_buf,
	.vidioc_querybuf            = vb2_ioctl_querybuf,
	.vidioc_qbuf                = vb2_ioctl_qbuf,
	.vidioc_dqbuf               = vb2_ioctl_dqbuf,

	.vidioc_g_std               = vidioc_g_std,
	.vidioc_querystd            = vidioc_querystd,
	.vidioc_s_std               = vidioc_s_std,
	.vidioc_g_parm		    = vidioc_g_parm,
	.vidioc_s_parm		    = vidioc_s_parm,
	.vidioc_enum_input          = vidioc_enum_input,
	.vidioc_g_input             = vidioc_g_input,
	.vidioc_s_input             = vidioc_s_input,
	.vidioc_streamon            = vb2_ioctl_streamon,
	.vidioc_streamoff           = vb2_ioctl_streamoff,
	.vidioc_g_tuner             = vidioc_g_tuner,
	.vidioc_s_tuner             = vidioc_s_tuner,
	.vidioc_g_frequency         = vidioc_g_frequency,
	.vidioc_s_frequency         = vidioc_s_frequency,
	.vidioc_subscribe_event = v4l2_ctrl_subscribe_event,
	.vidioc_unsubscribe_event = v4l2_event_unsubscribe,
#ifdef CONFIG_VIDEO_ADV_DEBUG
	.vidioc_g_chip_info         = vidioc_g_chip_info,
	.vidioc_g_register          = vidioc_g_register,
	.vidioc_s_register          = vidioc_s_register,
#endif
};

static const struct video_device em28xx_video_template = {
	.fops		= &em28xx_v4l_fops,
	.ioctl_ops	= &video_ioctl_ops,
	.release	= video_device_release_empty,
	.tvnorms	= V4L2_STD_ALL,
};

static const struct v4l2_file_operations radio_fops = {
	.owner         = THIS_MODULE,
	.open          = em28xx_v4l2_open,
	.release       = em28xx_v4l2_close,
	.unlocked_ioctl = video_ioctl2,
};

static const struct v4l2_ioctl_ops radio_ioctl_ops = {
	.vidioc_querycap      = vidioc_querycap,
	.vidioc_g_tuner       = radio_g_tuner,
	.vidioc_s_tuner       = radio_s_tuner,
	.vidioc_g_frequency   = vidioc_g_frequency,
	.vidioc_s_frequency   = vidioc_s_frequency,
	.vidioc_subscribe_event = v4l2_ctrl_subscribe_event,
	.vidioc_unsubscribe_event = v4l2_event_unsubscribe,
#ifdef CONFIG_VIDEO_ADV_DEBUG
	.vidioc_g_chip_info   = vidioc_g_chip_info,
	.vidioc_g_register    = vidioc_g_register,
	.vidioc_s_register    = vidioc_s_register,
#endif
};

static struct video_device em28xx_radio_template = {
	.fops		= &radio_fops,
	.ioctl_ops	= &radio_ioctl_ops,
	.release	= video_device_release_empty,
};

/* I2C possible address to saa7115, tvp5150, msp3400, tvaudio */
static unsigned short saa711x_addrs[] = {
	0x4a >> 1, 0x48 >> 1,   /* SAA7111, SAA7111A and SAA7113 */
	0x42 >> 1, 0x40 >> 1,   /* SAA7114, SAA7115 and SAA7118 */
	I2C_CLIENT_END };

static unsigned short tvp5150_addrs[] = {
	0xb8 >> 1,
	0xba >> 1,
	I2C_CLIENT_END
};

static unsigned short msp3400_addrs[] = {
	0x80 >> 1,
	0x88 >> 1,
	I2C_CLIENT_END
};

/******************************** usb interface ******************************/

static void em28xx_vdev_init(struct em28xx *dev,
			     struct video_device *vfd,
			     const struct video_device *template,
			     const char *type_name)
{
	*vfd		= *template;
	vfd->v4l2_dev	= &dev->v4l2->v4l2_dev;
	vfd->lock	= &dev->lock;
	if (dev->is_webcam)
		vfd->tvnorms = 0;

	snprintf(vfd->name, sizeof(vfd->name), "%s %s",
		 dev_name(&dev->intf->dev), type_name);

	video_set_drvdata(vfd, dev);
}

static void em28xx_tuner_setup(struct em28xx *dev, unsigned short tuner_addr)
{
	struct em28xx_v4l2      *v4l2 = dev->v4l2;
	struct v4l2_device      *v4l2_dev = &v4l2->v4l2_dev;
	struct tuner_setup      tun_setup;
	struct v4l2_frequency   f;

	memset(&tun_setup, 0, sizeof(tun_setup));

	tun_setup.mode_mask = T_ANALOG_TV | T_RADIO;
	tun_setup.tuner_callback = em28xx_tuner_callback;

	if (dev->board.radio.type) {
		tun_setup.type = dev->board.radio.type;
		tun_setup.addr = dev->board.radio_addr;

		v4l2_device_call_all(v4l2_dev,
				     0, tuner, s_type_addr, &tun_setup);
	}

	if (dev->tuner_type != TUNER_ABSENT && dev->tuner_type) {
		tun_setup.type   = dev->tuner_type;
		tun_setup.addr   = tuner_addr;

		v4l2_device_call_all(v4l2_dev,
				     0, tuner, s_type_addr, &tun_setup);
	}

	if (dev->board.tda9887_conf) {
		struct v4l2_priv_tun_config tda9887_cfg;

		tda9887_cfg.tuner = TUNER_TDA9887;
		tda9887_cfg.priv = &dev->board.tda9887_conf;

		v4l2_device_call_all(v4l2_dev,
				     0, tuner, s_config, &tda9887_cfg);
	}

	if (dev->tuner_type == TUNER_XC2028) {
		struct v4l2_priv_tun_config  xc2028_cfg;
		struct xc2028_ctrl           ctl;

		memset(&xc2028_cfg, 0, sizeof(xc2028_cfg));
		memset(&ctl, 0, sizeof(ctl));

		em28xx_setup_xc3028(dev, &ctl);

		xc2028_cfg.tuner = TUNER_XC2028;
		xc2028_cfg.priv  = &ctl;

		v4l2_device_call_all(v4l2_dev, 0, tuner, s_config, &xc2028_cfg);
	}

	/* configure tuner */
	f.tuner = 0;
	f.type = V4L2_TUNER_ANALOG_TV;
	f.frequency = 9076;     /* just a magic number */
	v4l2->frequency = f.frequency;
	v4l2_device_call_all(v4l2_dev, 0, tuner, s_frequency, &f);
}

static int em28xx_v4l2_init(struct em28xx *dev)
{
	u8 val;
	int ret;
	unsigned int maxw;
	struct v4l2_ctrl_handler *hdl;
	struct em28xx_v4l2 *v4l2;

	if (dev->is_audio_only) {
		/* Shouldn't initialize IR for this interface */
		return 0;
	}

	if (!dev->has_video) {
		/* This device does not support the v4l2 extension */
		return 0;
	}

	dev_info(&dev->intf->dev, "Registering V4L2 extension\n");

	mutex_lock(&dev->lock);

	v4l2 = kzalloc(sizeof(*v4l2), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!v4l2) {
		mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}
	kref_init(&v4l2->ref);
	v4l2->dev = dev;
	dev->v4l2 = v4l2;

#ifdef CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER
	v4l2->v4l2_dev.mdev = dev->media_dev;
#endif
	ret = v4l2_device_register(&dev->intf->dev, &v4l2->v4l2_dev);
	if (ret < 0) {
		dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
			"Call to v4l2_device_register() failed!\n");
		goto err;
	}

	hdl = &v4l2->ctrl_handler;
	v4l2_ctrl_handler_init(hdl, 8);
	v4l2->v4l2_dev.ctrl_handler = hdl;

	if (dev->is_webcam)
		v4l2->progressive = true;

	/*
	 * Default format, used for tvp5150 or saa711x output formats
	 */
	v4l2->vinmode = EM28XX_VINMODE_YUV422_CbYCrY;
	v4l2->vinctl  = EM28XX_VINCTRL_INTERLACED |
			EM28XX_VINCTRL_CCIR656_ENABLE;

	/* request some modules */

	if (dev->has_msp34xx)
		v4l2_i2c_new_subdev(&v4l2->v4l2_dev,
				    &dev->i2c_adap[dev->def_i2c_bus],
				    "msp3400", 0, msp3400_addrs);

	if (dev->board.decoder == EM28XX_SAA711X)
		v4l2_i2c_new_subdev(&v4l2->v4l2_dev,
				    &dev->i2c_adap[dev->def_i2c_bus],
				    "saa7115_auto", 0, saa711x_addrs);

	if (dev->board.decoder == EM28XX_TVP5150)
		v4l2_i2c_new_subdev(&v4l2->v4l2_dev,
				    &dev->i2c_adap[dev->def_i2c_bus],
				    "tvp5150", 0, tvp5150_addrs);

	if (dev->board.adecoder == EM28XX_TVAUDIO)
		v4l2_i2c_new_subdev(&v4l2->v4l2_dev,
				    &dev->i2c_adap[dev->def_i2c_bus],
				    "tvaudio", dev->board.tvaudio_addr, NULL);

	/* Initialize tuner and camera */

	if (dev->board.tuner_type != TUNER_ABSENT) {
		unsigned short tuner_addr = dev->board.tuner_addr;
		int has_demod = (dev->board.tda9887_conf & TDA9887_PRESENT);

		if (dev->board.radio.type)
			v4l2_i2c_new_subdev(&v4l2->v4l2_dev,
					    &dev->i2c_adap[dev->def_i2c_bus],
					    "tuner", dev->board.radio_addr,
					    NULL);

		if (has_demod)
			v4l2_i2c_new_subdev(&v4l2->v4l2_dev,
					    &dev->i2c_adap[dev->def_i2c_bus],
					    "tuner", 0,
					    v4l2_i2c_tuner_addrs(ADDRS_DEMOD));
		if (tuner_addr == 0) {
			enum v4l2_i2c_tuner_type type =
				has_demod ? ADDRS_TV_WITH_DEMOD : ADDRS_TV;
			struct v4l2_subdev *sd;

			sd = v4l2_i2c_new_subdev(&v4l2->v4l2_dev,
						 &dev->i2c_adap[dev->def_i2c_bus],
						 "tuner", 0,
						 v4l2_i2c_tuner_addrs(type));

			if (sd)
				tuner_addr = v4l2_i2c_subdev_addr(sd);
		} else {
			v4l2_i2c_new_subdev(&v4l2->v4l2_dev,
					    &dev->i2c_adap[dev->def_i2c_bus],
					    "tuner", tuner_addr, NULL);
		}

		em28xx_tuner_setup(dev, tuner_addr);
	}

	if (dev->em28xx_sensor != EM28XX_NOSENSOR)
		em28xx_init_camera(dev);

	/* Configure audio */
	ret = em28xx_audio_setup(dev);
	if (ret < 0) {
		dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
			"%s: Error while setting audio - error [%d]!\n",
			__func__, ret);
		goto unregister_dev;
	}
	if (dev->audio_mode.ac97 != EM28XX_NO_AC97) {
		v4l2_ctrl_new_std(hdl, &em28xx_ctrl_ops,
				  V4L2_CID_AUDIO_MUTE, 0, 1, 1, 1);
		v4l2_ctrl_new_std(hdl, &em28xx_ctrl_ops,
				  V4L2_CID_AUDIO_VOLUME, 0, 0x1f, 1, 0x1f);
	} else {
		/* install the em28xx notify callback */
		v4l2_ctrl_notify(v4l2_ctrl_find(hdl, V4L2_CID_AUDIO_MUTE),
				 em28xx_ctrl_notify, dev);
		v4l2_ctrl_notify(v4l2_ctrl_find(hdl, V4L2_CID_AUDIO_VOLUME),
				 em28xx_ctrl_notify, dev);
	}

	/* wake i2c devices */
	em28xx_wake_i2c(dev);

	/* init video dma queues */
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->vidq.active);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->vbiq.active);

	if (dev->has_msp34xx) {
		/* Send a reset to other chips via gpio */
		ret = em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM2820_R08_GPIO_CTRL, 0xf7);
		if (ret < 0) {
			dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
				"%s: em28xx_write_reg - msp34xx(1) failed! error [%d]\n",
				__func__, ret);
			goto unregister_dev;
		}
		usleep_range(10000, 11000);

		ret = em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM2820_R08_GPIO_CTRL, 0xff);
		if (ret < 0) {
			dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
				"%s: em28xx_write_reg - msp34xx(2) failed! error [%d]\n",
				__func__, ret);
			goto unregister_dev;
		}
		usleep_range(10000, 11000);
	}

	/* set default norm */
	v4l2->norm = V4L2_STD_PAL;
	v4l2_device_call_all(&v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0, video, s_std, v4l2->norm);
	v4l2->interlaced_fieldmode = EM28XX_INTERLACED_DEFAULT;

	/* Analog specific initialization */
	v4l2->format = &format[0];

	maxw = norm_maxw(dev);
	/*
	 * MaxPacketSize for em2800 is too small to capture at full resolution
	 * use half of maxw as the scaler can only scale to 50%
	 */
	if (dev->board.is_em2800)
		maxw /= 2;

	em28xx_set_video_format(dev, format[0].fourcc,
				maxw, norm_maxh(dev));

	video_mux(dev, 0);

	/* Audio defaults */
	dev->mute = 1;
	dev->volume = 0x1f;

/*	em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R0E_AUDIOSRC, 0xc0); audio register */
	val = (u8)em28xx_read_reg(dev, EM28XX_R0F_XCLK);
	em28xx_write_reg(dev, EM28XX_R0F_XCLK,
			 (EM28XX_XCLK_AUDIO_UNMUTE | val));

	em28xx_set_outfmt(dev);

	/* Add image controls */

	/*
	 * NOTE: at this point, the subdevices are already registered, so
	 * bridge controls are only added/enabled when no subdevice provides
	 * them
	 */
	if (!v4l2_ctrl_find(hdl, V4L2_CID_CONTRAST))
		v4l2_ctrl_new_std(hdl, &em28xx_ctrl_ops,
				  V4L2_CID_CONTRAST,
				  0, 0x1f, 1, CONTRAST_DEFAULT);
	if (!v4l2_ctrl_find(hdl, V4L2_CID_BRIGHTNESS))
		v4l2_ctrl_new_std(hdl, &em28xx_ctrl_ops,
				  V4L2_CID_BRIGHTNESS,
				  -0x80, 0x7f, 1, BRIGHTNESS_DEFAULT);
	if (!v4l2_ctrl_find(hdl, V4L2_CID_SATURATION))
		v4l2_ctrl_new_std(hdl, &em28xx_ctrl_ops,
				  V4L2_CID_SATURATION,
				  0, 0x1f, 1, SATURATION_DEFAULT);
	if (!v4l2_ctrl_find(hdl, V4L2_CID_BLUE_BALANCE))
		v4l2_ctrl_new_std(hdl, &em28xx_ctrl_ops,
				  V4L2_CID_BLUE_BALANCE,
				  -0x30, 0x30, 1, BLUE_BALANCE_DEFAULT);
	if (!v4l2_ctrl_find(hdl, V4L2_CID_RED_BALANCE))
		v4l2_ctrl_new_std(hdl, &em28xx_ctrl_ops,
				  V4L2_CID_RED_BALANCE,
				  -0x30, 0x30, 1, RED_BALANCE_DEFAULT);
	if (!v4l2_ctrl_find(hdl, V4L2_CID_SHARPNESS))
		v4l2_ctrl_new_std(hdl, &em28xx_ctrl_ops,
				  V4L2_CID_SHARPNESS,
				  0, 0x0f, 1, SHARPNESS_DEFAULT);

	/* Reset image controls */
	em28xx_colorlevels_set_default(dev);
	v4l2_ctrl_handler_setup(hdl);
	ret = hdl->error;
	if (ret)
		goto unregister_dev;

	/* allocate and fill video video_device struct */
	em28xx_vdev_init(dev, &v4l2->vdev, &em28xx_video_template, "video");
	mutex_init(&v4l2->vb_queue_lock);
	mutex_init(&v4l2->vb_vbi_queue_lock);
	v4l2->vdev.queue = &v4l2->vb_vidq;
	v4l2->vdev.queue->lock = &v4l2->vb_queue_lock;
	v4l2->vdev.device_caps = V4L2_CAP_READWRITE | V4L2_CAP_VIDEO_CAPTURE |
				 V4L2_CAP_STREAMING;
	if (dev->int_audio_type != EM28XX_INT_AUDIO_NONE)
		v4l2->vdev.device_caps |= V4L2_CAP_AUDIO;
	if (dev->tuner_type != TUNER_ABSENT)
		v4l2->vdev.device_caps |= V4L2_CAP_TUNER;


	/* disable inapplicable ioctls */
	if (dev->is_webcam) {
		v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vdev, VIDIOC_QUERYSTD);
		v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vdev, VIDIOC_G_STD);
		v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vdev, VIDIOC_S_STD);
	} else {
		v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vdev, VIDIOC_S_PARM);
	}
	if (dev->tuner_type == TUNER_ABSENT) {
		v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vdev, VIDIOC_G_TUNER);
		v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vdev, VIDIOC_S_TUNER);
		v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vdev, VIDIOC_G_FREQUENCY);
		v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vdev, VIDIOC_S_FREQUENCY);
	}
	if (dev->int_audio_type == EM28XX_INT_AUDIO_NONE) {
		v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vdev, VIDIOC_G_AUDIO);
		v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vdev, VIDIOC_S_AUDIO);
	}

	/* register v4l2 video video_device */
	ret = video_register_device(&v4l2->vdev, VFL_TYPE_GRABBER,
				    video_nr[dev->devno]);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
			"unable to register video device (error=%i).\n", ret);
		goto unregister_dev;
	}

	/* Allocate and fill vbi video_device struct */
	if (em28xx_vbi_supported(dev) == 1) {
		em28xx_vdev_init(dev, &v4l2->vbi_dev, &em28xx_video_template,
				 "vbi");

		v4l2->vbi_dev.queue = &v4l2->vb_vbiq;
		v4l2->vbi_dev.queue->lock = &v4l2->vb_vbi_queue_lock;
		v4l2->vbi_dev.device_caps = V4L2_CAP_STREAMING |
			V4L2_CAP_READWRITE | V4L2_CAP_VBI_CAPTURE;
		if (dev->tuner_type != TUNER_ABSENT)
			v4l2->vbi_dev.device_caps |= V4L2_CAP_TUNER;

		/* disable inapplicable ioctls */
		v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vbi_dev, VIDIOC_S_PARM);
		if (dev->tuner_type == TUNER_ABSENT) {
			v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vbi_dev, VIDIOC_G_TUNER);
			v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vbi_dev, VIDIOC_S_TUNER);
			v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vbi_dev, VIDIOC_G_FREQUENCY);
			v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vbi_dev, VIDIOC_S_FREQUENCY);
		}
		if (dev->int_audio_type == EM28XX_INT_AUDIO_NONE) {
			v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vbi_dev, VIDIOC_G_AUDIO);
			v4l2_disable_ioctl(&v4l2->vbi_dev, VIDIOC_S_AUDIO);
		}

		/* register v4l2 vbi video_device */
		ret = video_register_device(&v4l2->vbi_dev, VFL_TYPE_VBI,
					    vbi_nr[dev->devno]);
		if (ret < 0) {
			dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
				"unable to register vbi device\n");
			goto unregister_dev;
		}
	}

	if (em28xx_boards[dev->model].radio.type == EM28XX_RADIO) {
		em28xx_vdev_init(dev, &v4l2->radio_dev, &em28xx_radio_template,
				 "radio");
		v4l2->radio_dev.device_caps = V4L2_CAP_RADIO | V4L2_CAP_TUNER;
		ret = video_register_device(&v4l2->radio_dev, VFL_TYPE_RADIO,
					    radio_nr[dev->devno]);
		if (ret < 0) {
			dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
				"can't register radio device\n");
			goto unregister_dev;
		}
		dev_info(&dev->intf->dev,
			 "Registered radio device as %s\n",
			 video_device_node_name(&v4l2->radio_dev));
	}

	/* Init entities at the Media Controller */
	em28xx_v4l2_create_entities(dev);

#ifdef CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER
	ret = v4l2_mc_create_media_graph(dev->media_dev);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
			"failed to create media graph\n");
		em28xx_v4l2_media_release(dev);
		goto unregister_dev;
	}
#endif

	dev_info(&dev->intf->dev,
		 "V4L2 video device registered as %s\n",
		 video_device_node_name(&v4l2->vdev));

	if (video_is_registered(&v4l2->vbi_dev))
		dev_info(&dev->intf->dev,
			 "V4L2 VBI device registered as %s\n",
			 video_device_node_name(&v4l2->vbi_dev));

	/* Save some power by putting tuner to sleep */
	v4l2_device_call_all(&v4l2->v4l2_dev, 0, tuner, standby);

	/* initialize videobuf2 stuff */
	em28xx_vb2_setup(dev);

	dev_info(&dev->intf->dev,
		 "V4L2 extension successfully initialized\n");

	kref_get(&dev->ref);

	mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
	return 0;

unregister_dev:
	if (video_is_registered(&v4l2->radio_dev)) {
		dev_info(&dev->intf->dev,
			 "V4L2 device %s deregistered\n",
			 video_device_node_name(&v4l2->radio_dev));
		video_unregister_device(&v4l2->radio_dev);
	}
	if (video_is_registered(&v4l2->vbi_dev)) {
		dev_info(&dev->intf->dev,
			 "V4L2 device %s deregistered\n",
			 video_device_node_name(&v4l2->vbi_dev));
		video_unregister_device(&v4l2->vbi_dev);
	}
	if (video_is_registered(&v4l2->vdev)) {
		dev_info(&dev->intf->dev,
			 "V4L2 device %s deregistered\n",
			 video_device_node_name(&v4l2->vdev));
		video_unregister_device(&v4l2->vdev);
	}

	v4l2_ctrl_handler_free(&v4l2->ctrl_handler);
	v4l2_device_unregister(&v4l2->v4l2_dev);
err:
	dev->v4l2 = NULL;
	kref_put(&v4l2->ref, em28xx_free_v4l2);
	mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
	return ret;
}

static struct em28xx_ops v4l2_ops = {
	.id   = EM28XX_V4L2,
	.name = "Em28xx v4l2 Extension",
	.init = em28xx_v4l2_init,
	.fini = em28xx_v4l2_fini,
	.suspend = em28xx_v4l2_suspend,
	.resume = em28xx_v4l2_resume,
};

static int __init em28xx_video_register(void)
{
	return em28xx_register_extension(&v4l2_ops);
}

static void __exit em28xx_video_unregister(void)
{
	em28xx_unregister_extension(&v4l2_ops);
}

module_init(em28xx_video_register);
module_exit