/*
 * Media device
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2010 Nokia Corporation
 *
 * Contacts: Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>
 *	     Sakari Ailus <sakari.ailus@iki.fi>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 */

#ifndef _MEDIA_DEVICE_H
#define _MEDIA_DEVICE_H

#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>

#include <media/media-devnode.h>
#include <media/media-entity.h>

struct ida;
struct device;
struct media_device;

/**
 * struct media_entity_notify - Media Entity Notify
 *
 * @list: List head
 * @notify_data: Input data to invoke the callback
 * @notify: Callback function pointer
 *
 * Drivers may register a callback to take action when new entities get
 * registered with the media device. This handler is intended for creating
 * links between existing entities and should not create entities and register
 * them.
 */
struct media_entity_notify {
	struct list_head list;
	void *notify_data;
	void (*notify)(struct media_entity *entity, void *notify_data);
};

/**
 * struct media_device_ops - Media device operations
 * @link_notify: Link state change notification callback. This callback is
 *		 called with the graph_mutex held.
 * @req_alloc: Allocate a request. Set this if you need to allocate a struct
 *	       larger then struct media_request. @req_alloc and @req_free must
 *	       either both be set or both be NULL.
 * @req_free: Free a request. Set this if @req_alloc was set as well, leave
 *	      to NULL otherwise.
 * @req_validate: Validate a request, but do not queue yet. The req_queue_mutex
 *	          lock is held when this op is called.
 * @req_queue: Queue a validated request, cannot fail. If something goes
 *	       wrong when queueing this request then it should be marked
 *	       as such internally in the driver and any related buffers
 *	       must eventually return to vb2 with state VB2_BUF_STATE_ERROR.
 *	       The req_queue_mutex lock is held when this op is called.
 *	       It is important that vb2 buffer objects are queued last after
 *	       all other object types are queued: queueing a buffer kickstarts
 *	       the request processing, so all other objects related to the
 *	       request (and thus the buffer) must be available to the driver.
 *	       And once a buffer is queued, then the driver can complete
 *	       or delete objects from the request before req_queue exits.
 */
struct media_device_ops {
	int (*link_notify)(struct media_link *link, u32 flags,
			   unsigned int notification);
	struct media_request *(*req_alloc)(struct media_device *mdev);
	void (*req_free)(struct media_request *req);
	int (*req_validate)(struct media_request *req);
	void (*req_queue)(struct media_request *req);
};

/**
 * struct media_device - Media device
 * @dev:	Parent device
 * @devnode:	Media device node
 * @driver_name: Optional device driver name. If not set, calls to
 *		%MEDIA_IOC_DEVICE_INFO will return ``dev->driver->name``.
 *		This is needed for USB drivers for example, as otherwise
 *		they'll all appear as if the driver name was "usb".
 * @model:	Device model name
 * @serial:	Device serial number (optional)
 * @bus_info:	Unique and stable device location identifier
 * @hw_revision: Hardware device revision
 * @topology_version: Monotonic counter for storing the version of the graph
 *		topology. Should be incremented each time the topology changes.
 * @id:		Unique ID used on the last registered graph object
 * @entity_internal_idx: Unique internal entity ID used by the graph traversal
 *		algorithms
 * @entity_internal_idx_max: Allocated internal entity indices
 * @entities:	List of registered entities
 * @interfaces:	List of registered interfaces
 * @pads:	List of registered pads
 * @links:	List of registered links
 * @entity_notify: List of registered entity_notify callbacks
 * @graph_mutex: Protects access to struct media_device data
 * @pm_count_walk: Graph walk for power state walk. Access serialised using
 *		   graph_mutex.
 *
 * @source_priv: Driver Private data for enable/disable source handlers
 * @enable_source: Enable Source Handler function pointer
 * @disable_source: Disable Source Handler function pointer
 *
 * @ops:	Operation handler callbacks
 * @req_queue_mutex: Serialise the MEDIA_REQUEST_IOC_QUEUE ioctl w.r.t.
 *		     other operations that stop or start streaming.
 * @request_id: Used to generate unique request IDs
 *
 * This structure represents an abstract high-level media device. It allows easy
 * access to entities and provides basic media device-level support. The
 * structure can be allocated directly or embedded in a larger structure.
 *
 * The parent @dev is a physical device. It must be set before registering the
 * media device.
 *
 * @model is a descriptive model name exported through sysfs. It doesn't have to
 * be unique.
 *
 * @enable_source is a handler to find source entity for the
 * sink entity  and activate the link between them if source
 * entity is free. Drivers should call this handler before
 * accessing the source.
 *
 * @disable_source is a handler to find source entity for the
 * sink entity  and deactivate the link between them. Drivers
 * should call this handler to release the source.
 *
 * Use-case: find tuner entity connected to the decoder
 * entity and check if it is available, and activate the
 * the link between them from @enable_source and deactivate
 * from @disable_source.
 *
 * .. note::
 *
 *    Bridge driver is expected to implement and set the
 *    handler when &media_device is registered or when
 *    bridge driver finds the media_device during probe.
 *    Bridge driver sets source_priv with information
 *    necessary to run @enable_source and @disable_source handlers.
 *    Callers should hold graph_mutex to access and call @enable_source
 *    and @disable_source handlers.
 */
struct media_device {
	/* dev->driver_data points to this struct. */
	struct device *dev;
	struct media_devnode *devnode;

	char model[32];
	char driver_name[32];
	char serial[40];
	char bus_info[32];
	u32 hw_revision;

	u64 topology_version;

	u32 id;
	struct ida entity_internal_idx;
	int entity_internal_idx_max;

	struct list_head entities;
	struct list_head interfaces;
	struct list_head pads;
	struct list_head links;

	/* notify callback list invoked when a new entity is registered */
	struct list_head entity_notify;

	/* Serializes graph operations. */
	struct mutex graph_mutex;
	struct media_graph pm_count_walk;

	void *source_priv;
	int (*enable_source)(struct media_entity *entity,
			     struct media_pipeline *pipe);
	void (*disable_source)(struct media_entity *entity);

	const struct media_device_ops *ops;

	struct mutex req_queue_mutex;
	atomic_t request_id;
};

/* We don't need to include pci.h or usb.h here */
struct pci_dev;
struct usb_device;

#ifdef CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER

/* Supported link_notify @notification values. */
#define MEDIA_DEV_NOTIFY_PRE_LINK_CH	0
#define MEDIA_DEV_NOTIFY_POST_LINK_CH	1

/**
 * media_entity_enum_init - Initialise an entity enumeration
 *
 * @ent_enum: Entity enumeration to be initialised
 * @mdev: The related media device
 *
 * Return: zero on success or a negative error code.
 */
static inline __must_check int media_entity_enum_init(
	struct media_entity_enum *ent_enum, struct media_device *mdev)
{
	return __media_entity_enum_init(ent_enum,
					mdev->entity_internal_idx_max + 1);
}

/**
 * media_device_init() - Initializes a media device element
 *
 * @mdev:	pointer to struct &media_device
 *
 * This function initializes the media device prior to its registration.
 * The media device initialization and registration is split in two functions
 * to avoid race conditions and make the media device available to user-space
 * before the media graph has been completed.
 *
 * So drivers need to first initialize the media device, register any entity
 * within the media device, create pad to pad links and then finally register
 * the media device by calling media_device_register() as a final step.
 */
void media_device_init(struct media_device *mdev);

/**
 * media_device_cleanup() - Cleanups a media device element
 *
 * @mdev:	pointer to struct &media_device
 *
 * This function that will destroy the graph_mutex that is
 * initialized in media_device_init().
 */
void media_device_cleanup(struct media_device *mdev);

/**
 * __media_device_register() - Registers a media device element
 *
 * @mdev:	pointer to struct &media_device
 * @owner:	should be filled with %THIS_MODULE
 *
 * Users, should, instead, call the media_device_register() macro.
 *
 * The caller is responsible for initializing the &media_device structure
 * before registration. The following fields of &media_device must be set:
 *
 *  - &media_entity.dev must point to the parent device (usually a &pci_dev,
 *    &usb_interface or &platform_device instance).
 *
 *  - &media_entity.model must be filled with the device model name as a
 *    NUL-terminated UTF-8 string. The device/model revision must not be
 *    stored in this field.
 *
 * The following fields are optional:
 *
 *  - &media_entity.serial is a unique serial number stored as a
 *    NUL-terminated ASCII string. The field is big enough to store a GUID
 *    in text form. If the hardware doesn't provide a unique serial number
 *    this field must be left empty.
 *
 *  - &media_entity.bus_info represents the location of the device in the
 *    system as a NUL-terminated ASCII string. For PCI/PCIe devices
 *    &media_entity.bus_info must be set to "PCI:" (or "PCIe:") followed by
 *    the value of pci_name(). For USB devices,the usb_make_path() function
 *    must be used. This field is used by applications to distinguish between
 *    otherwise identical devices that don't provide a serial number.
 *
 *  - &media_entity.hw_revision is the hardware device revision in a
 *    driver-specific format. When possible the revision should be formatted
 *    with the KERNEL_VERSION() macro.
 *
 * .. note::
 *
 *    #) Upon successful registration a character device named media[0-9]+ is created. The device major and minor numbers are dynamic. The model name is exported as a sysfs attribute.
 *
 *    #) Unregistering a media device that hasn't been registered is **NOT** safe.
 *
 * Return: returns zero on success or a negative error code.
 */
int __must_check __media_device_register(struct media_device *mdev,
					 struct module *owner);


/**
 * media_device_register() - Registers a media device element
 *
 * @mdev:	pointer to struct &media_device
 *
 * This macro calls __media_device_register() passing %THIS_MODULE as
 * the __media_device_register() second argument (**owner**).
 */
#define media_device_register(mdev) __media_device_register(mdev, THIS_MODULE)

/**
 * media_device_unregister() - Unregisters a media device element
 *
 * @mdev:	pointer to struct &media_device
 *
 * It is safe to call this function on an unregistered (but initialised)
 * media device.
 */
void media_device_unregister(struct media_device *mdev);

/**
 * media_device_register_entity() - registers a media entity inside a
 *	previously registered media device.
 *
 * @mdev:	pointer to struct &media_device
 * @entity:	pointer to struct &media_entity to be registered
 *
 * Entities are identified by a unique positive integer ID. The media
 * controller framework will such ID automatically. IDs are not guaranteed
 * to be contiguous, and the ID number can change on newer Kernel versions.
 * So, neither the driver nor userspace should hardcode ID numbers to refer
 * to the entities, but, instead, use the framework to find the ID, when
 * needed.
 *
 * The media_entity name, type and flags fields should be initialized before
 * calling media_device_register_entity(). Entities embedded in higher-level
 * standard structures can have some of those fields set by the higher-level
 * framework.
 *
 * If the device has pads, media_entity_pads_init() should be called before
 * this function. Otherwise, the &media_entity.pad and &media_entity.num_pads
 * should be zeroed before calling this function.
 *
 * Entities have flags that describe the entity capabilities and state:
 *
 * %MEDIA_ENT_FL_DEFAULT
 *    indicates the default entity for a given type.
 *    This can be used to report the default audio and video devices or the
 *    default camera sensor.
 *
 * .. note::
 *
 *    Drivers should set the entity function before calling this function.
 *    Please notice that the values %MEDIA_ENT_F_V4L2_SUBDEV_UNKNOWN and
 *    %MEDIA_ENT_F_UNKNOWN should not be used by the drivers.
 */
int __must_check media_device_register_entity(struct media_device *mdev,
					      struct media_entity *entity);

/**
 * media_device_unregister_entity() - unregisters a media entity.
 *
 * @entity:	pointer to struct &media_entity to be unregistered
 *
 * All links associated with the entity and all PADs are automatically
 * unregistered from the media_device when this function is called.
 *
 * Unregistering an entity will not change the IDs of the other entities and
 * the previoully used ID will never be reused for a newly registered entities.
 *
 * When a media device is unregistered, all its entities are unregistered
 * automatically. No manual entities unregistration is then required.
 *
 * .. note::
 *
 *    The media_entity instance itself must be freed explicitly by
 *    the driver if required.
 */
void media_device_unregister_entity(struct media_entity *entity);

/**
 * media_device_register_entity_notify() - Registers a media entity_notify
 *					   callback
 *
 * @mdev:      The media device
 * @nptr:      The media_entity_notify
 *
 * .. note::
 *
 *    When a new entity is registered, all the registered
 *    media_entity_notify callbacks are invoked.
 */

int __must_check media_device_register_entity_notify(struct media_device *mdev,
					struct media_entity_notify *nptr);

/**
 * media_device_unregister_entity_notify() - Unregister a media entity notify
 *					     callback
 *
 * @mdev:      The media device
 * @nptr:      The media_entity_notify
 *
 */
void media_device_unregister_entity_notify(struct media_device *mdev,
					struct media_entity_notify *nptr);

/* Iterate over all entities. */
#define media_device_for_each_entity(entity, mdev)			\
	list_for_each_entry(entity, &(mdev)->entities, graph_obj.list)

/* Iterate over all interfaces. */
#define media_device_for_each_intf(intf, mdev)			\
	list_for_each_entry(intf, &(mdev)->interfaces, graph_obj.list)

/* Iterate over all pads. */
#define media_device_for_each_pad(pad, mdev)			\
	list_for_each_entry(pad, &(mdev)->pads, graph_obj.list)

/* Iterate over all links. */
#define media_device_for_each_link(link, mdev)			\
	list_for_each_entry(link, &(mdev)->links, graph_obj.list)

/**
 * media_device_pci_init() - create and initialize a
 *	struct &media_device from a PCI device.
 *
 * @mdev:	pointer to struct &media_device
 * @pci_dev:	pointer to struct pci_dev
 * @name:	media device name. If %NULL, the routine will use the default
 *		name for the pci device, given by pci_name() macro.
 */
void media_device_pci_init(struct media_device *mdev,
			   struct pci_dev *pci_dev,
			   const char *name);
/**
 * __media_device_usb_init() - create and initialize a
 *	struct &media_device from a PCI device.
 *
 * @mdev:	pointer to struct &media_device
 * @udev:	pointer to struct usb_device
 * @board_name:	media device name. If %NULL, the routine will use the usb
 *		product name, if available.
 * @driver_name: name of the driver. if %NULL, the routine will use the name
 *		given by ``udev->dev->driver->name``, with is usually the wrong
 *		thing to do.
 *
 * .. note::
 *
 *    It is better to call media_device_usb_init() instead, as
 *    such macro fills driver_name with %KBUILD_MODNAME.
 */
void __media_device_usb_init(struct media_device *mdev,
			     struct usb_device *udev,
			     const char *board_name,
			     const char *driver_name);

#else
static inline int media_device_register(struct media_device *mdev)
{
	return 0;
}
static inline void media_device_unregister(struct media_device *mdev)
{
}
static inline int media_device_register_entity(struct media_device *mdev,
						struct media_entity *entity)
{
	return 0;
}
static inline void media_device_unregister_entity(struct media_entity *entity)
{
}
static inline int media_device_register_entity_notify(
					struct media_device *mdev,
					struct media_entity_notify *nptr)
{
	return 0;
}
static inline void media_device_unregister_entity_notify(
					struct media_device *mdev,
					struct media_entity_notify *nptr)
{
}

static inline void media_device_pci_init(struct media_device *mdev,
					 struct pci_dev *pci_dev,
					 char *name)
{
}

static inline void __media_device_usb_init(struct media_device *mdev,
					   struct usb_device *udev,
					   char *board_name,
					   char *driver_name)
{
}

#endif /* CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER */

/**
 * media_device_usb_init() - create and initialize a
 *	struct &media_device from a PCI device.
 *
 * @mdev:	pointer to struct &media_device
 * @udev:	pointer to struct usb_device
 * @name:	media device name. If %NULL, the routine will use the usb
 *		product name, if available.
 *
 * This macro calls media_device_usb_init() passing the
 * media_device_usb_init() **driver_name** parameter filled with
 * %KBUILD_MODNAME.
 */
#define media_device_usb_init(mdev, udev, name) \
	__media_device_usb_init(mdev, udev, name, KBUILD_MODNAME)

#endif