/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
/*
 * include/linux/idr.h
 * 
 * 2002-10-18  written by Jim Houston jim.houston@ccur.com
 *	Copyright (C) 2002 by Concurrent Computer Corporation
 *
 * Small id to pointer translation service avoiding fixed sized
 * tables.
 */

#ifndef __IDR_H__
#define __IDR_H__

#include <linux/radix-tree.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>

struct idr {
	struct radix_tree_root	idr_rt;
	unsigned int		idr_base;
	unsigned int		idr_next;
};

/*
 * The IDR API does not expose the tagging functionality of the radix tree
 * to users.  Use tag 0 to track whether a node has free space below it.
 */
#define IDR_FREE	0

/* Set the IDR flag and the IDR_FREE tag */
#define IDR_RT_MARKER	(ROOT_IS_IDR | (__force gfp_t)			\
					(1 << (ROOT_TAG_SHIFT + IDR_FREE)))

#define IDR_INIT_BASE(name, base) {					\
	.idr_rt = RADIX_TREE_INIT(name, IDR_RT_MARKER),			\
	.idr_base = (base),						\
	.idr_next = 0,							\
}

/**
 * IDR_INIT() - Initialise an IDR.
 * @name: Name of IDR.
 *
 * A freshly-initialised IDR contains no IDs.
 */
#define IDR_INIT(name)	IDR_INIT_BASE(name, 0)

/**
 * DEFINE_IDR() - Define a statically-allocated IDR.
 * @name: Name of IDR.
 *
 * An IDR defined using this macro is ready for use with no additional
 * initialisation required.  It contains no IDs.
 */
#define DEFINE_IDR(name)	struct idr name = IDR_INIT(name)

/**
 * idr_get_cursor - Return the current position of the cyclic allocator
 * @idr: idr handle
 *
 * The value returned is the value that will be next returned from
 * idr_alloc_cyclic() if it is free (otherwise the search will start from
 * this position).
 */
static inline unsigned int idr_get_cursor(const struct idr *idr)
{
	return READ_ONCE(idr->idr_next);
}

/**
 * idr_set_cursor - Set the current position of the cyclic allocator
 * @idr: idr handle
 * @val: new position
 *
 * The next call to idr_alloc_cyclic() will return @val if it is free
 * (otherwise the search will start from this position).
 */
static inline void idr_set_cursor(struct idr *idr, unsigned int val)
{
	WRITE_ONCE(idr->idr_next, val);
}

/**
 * DOC: idr sync
 * idr synchronization (stolen from radix-tree.h)
 *
 * idr_find() is able to be called locklessly, using RCU. The caller must
 * ensure calls to this function are made within rcu_read_lock() regions.
 * Other readers (lock-free or otherwise) and modifications may be running
 * concurrently.
 *
 * It is still required that the caller manage the synchronization and
 * lifetimes of the items. So if RCU lock-free lookups are used, typically
 * this would mean that the items have their own locks, or are amenable to
 * lock-free access; and that the items are freed by RCU (or only freed after
 * having been deleted from the idr tree *and* a synchronize_rcu() grace
 * period).
 */

#define idr_lock(idr)		xa_lock(&(idr)->idr_rt)
#define idr_unlock(idr)		xa_unlock(&(idr)->idr_rt)
#define idr_lock_bh(idr)	xa_lock_bh(&(idr)->idr_rt)
#define idr_unlock_bh(idr)	xa_unlock_bh(&(idr)->idr_rt)
#define idr_lock_irq(idr)	xa_lock_irq(&(idr)->idr_rt)
#define idr_unlock_irq(idr)	xa_unlock_irq(&(idr)->idr_rt)
#define idr_lock_irqsave(idr, flags) \
				xa_lock_irqsave(&(idr)->idr_rt, flags)
#define idr_unlock_irqrestore(idr, flags) \
				xa_unlock_irqrestore(&(idr)->idr_rt, flags)

void idr_preload(gfp_t gfp_mask);

int idr_alloc(struct idr *, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t);
int __must_check idr_alloc_u32(struct idr *, void *ptr, u32 *id,
				unsigned long max, gfp_t);
int idr_alloc_cyclic(struct idr *, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t);
void *idr_remove(struct idr *, unsigned long id);
void *idr_find(const struct idr *, unsigned long id);
int idr_for_each(const struct idr *,
		 int (*fn)(int id, void *p, void *data), void *data);
void *idr_get_next(struct idr *, int *nextid);
void *idr_get_next_ul(struct idr *, unsigned long *nextid);
void *idr_replace(struct idr *, void *, unsigned long id);
void idr_destroy(struct idr *);

/**
 * idr_init_base() - Initialise an IDR.
 * @idr: IDR handle.
 * @base: The base value for the IDR.
 *
 * This variation of idr_init() creates an IDR which will allocate IDs
 * starting at %base.
 */
static inline void idr_init_base(struct idr *idr, int base)
{
	INIT_RADIX_TREE(&idr->idr_rt, IDR_RT_MARKER);
	idr->idr_base = base;
	idr->idr_next = 0;
}

/**
 * idr_init() - Initialise an IDR.
 * @idr: IDR handle.
 *
 * Initialise a dynamically allocated IDR.  To initialise a
 * statically allocated IDR, use DEFINE_IDR().
 */
static inline void idr_init(struct idr *idr)
{
	idr_init_base(idr, 0);
}

/**
 * idr_is_empty() - Are there any IDs allocated?
 * @idr: IDR handle.
 *
 * Return: %true if any IDs have been allocated from this IDR.
 */
static inline bool idr_is_empty(const struct idr *idr)
{
	return radix_tree_empty(&idr->idr_rt) &&
		radix_tree_tagged(&idr->idr_rt, IDR_FREE);
}

/**
 * idr_preload_end - end preload section started with idr_preload()
 *
 * Each idr_preload() should be matched with an invocation of this
 * function.  See idr_preload() for details.
 */
static inline void idr_preload_end(void)
{
	preempt_enable();
}

/**
 * idr_for_each_entry() - Iterate over an IDR's elements of a given type.
 * @idr: IDR handle.
 * @entry: The type * to use as cursor
 * @id: Entry ID.
 *
 * @entry and @id do not need to be initialized before the loop, and
 * after normal termination @entry is left with the value NULL.  This
 * is convenient for a "not found" value.
 */
#define idr_for_each_entry(idr, entry, id)			\
	for (id = 0; ((entry) = idr_get_next(idr, &(id))) != NULL; ++id)

/**
 * idr_for_each_entry_ul() - Iterate over an IDR's elements of a given type.
 * @idr: IDR handle.
 * @entry: The type * to use as cursor.
 * @id: Entry ID.
 *
 * @entry and @id do not need to be initialized before the loop, and
 * after normal termination @entry is left with the value NULL.  This
 * is convenient for a "not found" value.
 */
#define idr_for_each_entry_ul(idr, entry, id)			\
	for (id = 0; ((entry) = idr_get_next_ul(idr, &(id))) != NULL; ++id)

/**
 * idr_for_each_entry_continue() - Continue iteration over an IDR's elements of a given type
 * @idr: IDR handle.
 * @entry: The type * to use as a cursor.
 * @id: Entry ID.
 *
 * Continue to iterate over entries, continuing after the current position.
 */
#define idr_for_each_entry_continue(idr, entry, id)			\
	for ((entry) = idr_get_next((idr), &(id));			\
	     entry;							\
	     ++id, (entry) = idr_get_next((idr), &(id)))

/*
 * IDA - ID Allocator, use when translation from id to pointer isn't necessary.
 */
#define IDA_CHUNK_SIZE		128	/* 128 bytes per chunk */
#define IDA_BITMAP_LONGS	(IDA_CHUNK_SIZE / sizeof(long))
#define IDA_BITMAP_BITS 	(IDA_BITMAP_LONGS * sizeof(long) * 8)

struct ida_bitmap {
	unsigned long		bitmap[IDA_BITMAP_LONGS];
};

struct ida {
	struct xarray xa;
};

#define IDA_INIT_FLAGS	(XA_FLAGS_LOCK_IRQ | XA_FLAGS_ALLOC)

#define IDA_INIT(name)	{						\
	.xa = XARRAY_INIT(name, IDA_INIT_FLAGS)				\
}
#define DEFINE_IDA(name)	struct ida name = IDA_INIT(name)

int ida_alloc_range(struct ida *, unsigned int min, unsigned int max, gfp_t);
void ida_free(struct ida *, unsigned int id);
void ida_destroy(struct ida *ida);

/**
 * ida_alloc() - Allocate an unused ID.
 * @ida: IDA handle.
 * @gfp: Memory allocation flags.
 *
 * Allocate an ID between 0 and %INT_MAX, inclusive.
 *
 * Context: Any context.
 * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated,
 * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs.
 */
static inline int ida_alloc(struct ida *ida, gfp_t gfp)
{
	return ida_alloc_range(ida, 0, ~0, gfp);
}

/**
 * ida_alloc_min() - Allocate an unused ID.
 * @ida: IDA handle.
 * @min: Lowest ID to allocate.
 * @gfp: Memory allocation flags.
 *
 * Allocate an ID between @min and %INT_MAX, inclusive.
 *
 * Context: Any context.
 * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated,
 * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs.
 */
static inline int ida_alloc_min(struct ida *ida, unsigned int min, gfp_t gfp)
{
	return ida_alloc_range(ida, min, ~0, gfp);
}

/**
 * ida_alloc_max() - Allocate an unused ID.
 * @ida: IDA handle.
 * @max: Highest ID to allocate.
 * @gfp: Memory allocation flags.
 *
 * Allocate an ID between 0 and @max, inclusive.
 *
 * Context: Any context.
 * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated,
 * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs.
 */
static inline int ida_alloc_max(struct ida *ida, unsigned int max, gfp_t gfp)
{
	return ida_alloc_range(ida, 0, max, gfp);
}

static inline void ida_init(struct ida *ida)
{
	xa_init_flags(&ida->xa, IDA_INIT_FLAGS);
}

#define ida_simple_get(ida, start, end, gfp)	\
			ida_alloc_range(ida, start, (end) - 1, gfp)
#define ida_simple_remove(ida, id)	ida_free(ida, id)

static inline bool ida_is_empty(const struct ida *ida)
{
	return xa_empty(&ida->xa);
}
#endif /* __IDR_H__ */