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#ifndef __LINUX_GFP_H
#define __LINUX_GFP_H

#include <linux/mmdebug.h>
#include <linux/mmzone.h>
#include <linux/stddef.h>
#include <linux/linkage.h>
#include <linux/topology.h>

struct vm_area_struct;

 * In case of changes, please don't forget to update
 * include/trace/events/mmflags.h and tools/perf/builtin-kmem.c

/* Plain integer GFP bitmasks. Do not use this directly. */
#define ___GFP_DMA		0x01u
#define ___GFP_HIGHMEM		0x02u
#define ___GFP_DMA32		0x04u
#define ___GFP_MOVABLE		0x08u
#define ___GFP_RECLAIMABLE	0x10u
#define ___GFP_HIGH		0x20u
#define ___GFP_IO		0x40u
#define ___GFP_FS		0x80u
#define ___GFP_WRITE		0x100u
#define ___GFP_NOWARN		0x200u
#define ___GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL	0x400u
#define ___GFP_NOFAIL		0x800u
#define ___GFP_NORETRY		0x1000u
#define ___GFP_MEMALLOC		0x2000u
#define ___GFP_COMP		0x4000u
#define ___GFP_ZERO		0x8000u
#define ___GFP_NOMEMALLOC	0x10000u
#define ___GFP_HARDWALL		0x20000u
#define ___GFP_THISNODE		0x40000u
#define ___GFP_ATOMIC		0x80000u
#define ___GFP_ACCOUNT		0x100000u
#define ___GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM	0x200000u
#define ___GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM	0x400000u
#define ___GFP_NOLOCKDEP	0x800000u
#define ___GFP_NOLOCKDEP	0
/* If the above are modified, __GFP_BITS_SHIFT may need updating */

 * Physical address zone modifiers (see linux/mmzone.h - low four bits)
 * Do not put any conditional on these. If necessary modify the definitions
 * without the underscores and use them consistently. The definitions here may
 * be used in bit comparisons.
#define __GFP_DMA	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_DMA)
#define __GFP_HIGHMEM	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_HIGHMEM)
#define __GFP_DMA32	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_DMA32)
#define __GFP_MOVABLE	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_MOVABLE)  /* ZONE_MOVABLE allowed */

 * Page mobility and placement hints
 * These flags provide hints about how mobile the page is. Pages with similar
 * mobility are placed within the same pageblocks to minimise problems due
 * to external fragmentation.
 * __GFP_MOVABLE (also a zone modifier) indicates that the page can be
 *   moved by page migration during memory compaction or can be reclaimed.
 * __GFP_RECLAIMABLE is used for slab allocations that specify
 *   SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT and whose pages can be freed via shrinkers.
 * __GFP_WRITE indicates the caller intends to dirty the page. Where possible,
 *   these pages will be spread between local zones to avoid all the dirty
 *   pages being in one zone (fair zone allocation policy).
 * __GFP_HARDWALL enforces the cpuset memory allocation policy.
 * __GFP_THISNODE forces the allocation to be satisified from the requested
 *   node with no fallbacks or placement policy enforcements.
 * __GFP_ACCOUNT causes the allocation to be accounted to kmemcg.
#define __GFP_RECLAIMABLE ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_RECLAIMABLE)
#define __GFP_WRITE	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_WRITE)
#define __GFP_HARDWALL   ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_HARDWALL)
#define __GFP_THISNODE	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_THISNODE)
#define __GFP_ACCOUNT	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_ACCOUNT)

 * Watermark modifiers -- controls access to emergency reserves
 * __GFP_HIGH indicates that the caller is high-priority and that granting
 *   the request is necessary before the system can make forward progress.
 *   For example, creating an IO context to clean pages.
 * __GFP_ATOMIC indicates that the caller cannot reclaim or sleep and is
 *   high priority. Users are typically interrupt handlers. This may be
 *   used in conjunction with __GFP_HIGH
 * __GFP_MEMALLOC allows access to all memory. This should only be used when
 *   the caller guarantees the allocation will allow more memory to be freed
 *   very shortly e.g. process exiting or swapping. Users either should
 *   be the MM or co-ordinating closely with the VM (e.g. swap over NFS).
 * __GFP_NOMEMALLOC is used to explicitly forbid access to emergency reserves.
 *   This takes precedence over the __GFP_MEMALLOC flag if both are set.
#define __GFP_ATOMIC	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_ATOMIC)
#define __GFP_HIGH	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_HIGH)
#define __GFP_MEMALLOC	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_MEMALLOC)
#define __GFP_NOMEMALLOC ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOMEMALLOC)

 * Reclaim modifiers
 * __GFP_IO can start physical IO.
 * __GFP_FS can call down to the low-level FS. Clearing the flag avoids the
 *   allocator recursing into the filesystem which might already be holding
 *   locks.
 * __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM indicates that the caller may enter direct reclaim.
 *   This flag can be cleared to avoid unnecessary delays when a fallback
 *   option is available.
 * __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM indicates that the caller wants to wake kswapd when
 *   the low watermark is reached and have it reclaim pages until the high
 *   watermark is reached. A caller may wish to clear this flag when fallback
 *   options are available and the reclaim is likely to disrupt the system. The
 *   canonical example is THP allocation where a fallback is cheap but
 *   reclaim/compaction may cause indirect stalls.
 * __GFP_RECLAIM is shorthand to allow/forbid both direct and kswapd reclaim.
 * The default allocator behavior depends on the request size. We have a concept
 * of so called costly allocations (with order > PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER).
 * !costly allocations are too essential to fail so they are implicitly
 * non-failing by default (with some exceptions like OOM victims might fail so
 * the caller still has to check for failures) while costly requests try to be
 * not disruptive and back off even without invoking the OOM killer.
 * The following three modifiers might be used to override some of these
 * implicit rules
 * __GFP_NORETRY: The VM implementation will try only very lightweight
 *   memory direct reclaim to get some memory under memory pressure (thus
 *   it can sleep). It will avoid disruptive actions like OOM killer. The
 *   caller must handle the failure which is quite likely to happen under
 *   heavy memory pressure. The flag is suitable when failure can easily be
 *   handled at small cost, such as reduced throughput
 * __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL: The VM implementation will retry memory reclaim
 *   procedures that have previously failed if there is some indication
 *   that progress has been made else where.  It can wait for other
 *   tasks to attempt high level approaches to freeing memory such as
 *   compaction (which removes fragmentation) and page-out.
 *   There is still a definite limit to the number of retries, but it is
 *   a larger limit than with __GFP_NORETRY.
 *   Allocations with this flag may fail, but only when there is
 *   genuinely little unused memory. While these allocations do not
 *   directly trigger the OOM killer, their failure indicates that
 *   the system is likely to need to use the OOM killer soon.  The
 *   caller must handle failure, but can reasonably do so by failing
 *   a higher-level request, or completing it only in a much less
 *   efficient manner.
 *   If the allocation does fail, and the caller is in a position to
 *   free some non-essential memory, doing so could benefit the system
 *   as a whole.
 * __GFP_NOFAIL: The VM implementation _must_ retry infinitely: the caller
 *   cannot handle allocation failures. The allocation could block
 *   indefinitely but will never return with failure. Testing for
 *   failure is pointless.
 *   New users should be evaluated carefully (and the flag should be
 *   used only when there is no reasonable failure policy) but it is
 *   definitely preferable to use the flag rather than opencode endless
 *   loop around allocator.
 *   Using this flag for costly allocations is _highly_ discouraged.
#define __GFP_IO	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_IO)
#define __GFP_FS	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_FS)
#define __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM) /* Caller can reclaim */
#define __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM) /* kswapd can wake */
#define __GFP_RECLAIM ((__force gfp_t)(___GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM|___GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM))
#define __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL)
#define __GFP_NOFAIL	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOFAIL)
#define __GFP_NORETRY	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NORETRY)

 * Action modifiers
 * __GFP_NOWARN suppresses allocation failure reports.
 * __GFP_COMP address compound page metadata.
 * __GFP_ZERO returns a zeroed page on success.
#define __GFP_NOWARN	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOWARN)
#define __GFP_COMP	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_COMP)
#define __GFP_ZERO	((__force gfp_t)___GFP_ZERO)

/* Disable lockdep for GFP context tracking */
#define __GFP_NOLOCKDEP ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOLOCKDEP)

/* Room for N __GFP_FOO bits */
#define __GFP_BITS_MASK ((__force gfp_t)((1 << __GFP_BITS_SHIFT) - 1))

 * Useful GFP flag combinations that are commonly used. It is recommended
 * that subsystems start with one of these combinations and then set/clear
 * __GFP_FOO flags as necessary.
 * GFP_ATOMIC users can not sleep and need the allocation to succeed. A lower
 *   watermark is applied to allow access to "atomic reserves"
 * GFP_KERNEL is typical for kernel-internal allocations. The caller requires
 *   ZONE_NORMAL or a lower zone for direct access but can direct reclaim.
 * GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT is the same as GFP_KERNEL, except the allocation is
 *   accounted to kmemcg.
 * GFP_NOWAIT is for kernel allocations that should not stall for direct
 *   reclaim, start physical IO or use any filesystem callback.
 * GFP_NOIO will use direct reclaim to discard clean pages or slab pages
 *   that do not require the starting of any physical IO.
 *   Please try to avoid using this flag directly and instead use
 *   memalloc_noio_{save,restore} to mark the whole scope which cannot
 *   perform any IO with a short explanation why. All allocation requests
 *   will inherit GFP_NOIO implicitly.
 * GFP_NOFS will use direct reclaim but will not use any filesystem interfaces.
 *   Please try to avoid using this flag directly and instead use
 *   memalloc_nofs_{save,restore} to mark the whole scope which cannot/shouldn't
 *   recurse into the FS layer with a short explanation why. All allocation
 *   requests will inherit GFP_NOFS implicitly.
 * GFP_USER is for userspace allocations that also need to be directly
 *   accessibly by the kernel or hardware. It is typically used by hardware
 *   for buffers that are mapped to userspace (e.g. graphics) that hardware
 *   still must DMA to. cpuset limits are enforced for these allocations.
 * GFP_DMA exists for historical reasons and should be avoided where possible.
 *   The flags indicates that the caller requires that the lowest zone be
 *   used (ZONE_DMA or 16M on x86-64). Ideally, this would be removed but
 *   it would require careful auditing as some users really require it and
 *   others use the flag to avoid lowmem reserves in ZONE_DMA and treat the
 *   lowest zone as a type of emergency reserve.
 * GFP_DMA32 is similar to GFP_DMA except that the caller requires a 32-bit
 *   address.
 * GFP_HIGHUSER is for userspace allocations that may be mapped to userspace,
 *   do not need to be directly accessible by the kernel but that cannot
 *   move once in use. An example may be a hardware allocation that maps
 *   data directly into userspace but has no addressing limitations.
 * GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE is for userspace allocations that the kernel does not
 *   need direct access to but can use kmap() when access is required. They
 *   are expected to be movable via page reclaim or page migration. Typically,
 *   pages on the LRU would also be allocated with GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE.
 * GFP_TRANSHUGE and GFP_TRANSHUGE_LIGHT are used for THP allocations. They are
 *   compound allocations that will generally fail quickly if memory is not
 *   available and will not wake kswapd/kcompactd on failure. The _LIGHT
 *   version does not attempt reclaim/compaction at all and is by default used
 *   in page fault path, while the non-light is used by khugepaged.
#define GFP_DMA		__GFP_DMA
#define GFP_DMA32	__GFP_DMA32

/* Convert GFP flags to their corresponding migrate type */

static inline int gfpflags_to_migratetype(const gfp_t gfp_flags)

	if (unlikely(page_group_by_mobility_disabled))

	/* Group based on mobility */
	return (gfp_flags & GFP_MOVABLE_MASK) >> GFP_MOVABLE_SHIFT;

static inline bool gfpflags_allow_blocking(const gfp_t gfp_flags)
	return !!(gfp_flags & __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM);




 * GFP_ZONE_TABLE is a word size bitstring that is used for looking up the
 * zone to use given the lowest 4 bits of gfp_t. Entries are GFP_ZONES_SHIFT
 * bits long and there are 16 of them to cover all possible combinations of
 * The zone fallback order is MOVABLE=>HIGHMEM=>NORMAL=>DMA32=>DMA.
 * But GFP_MOVABLE is not only a zone specifier but also an allocation
 * policy. Therefore __GFP_MOVABLE plus another zone selector is valid.
 * Only 1 bit of the lowest 3 bits (DMA,DMA32,HIGHMEM) can be set to "1".
 *       bit       result
 *       =================
 *       0x0    => NORMAL
 *       0x1    => DMA or NORMAL
 *       0x2    => HIGHMEM or NORMAL
 *       0x3    => BAD (DMA+HIGHMEM)
 *       0x4    => DMA32 or NORMAL
 *       0x5    => BAD (DMA+DMA32)
 *       0x6    => BAD (HIGHMEM+DMA32)
 *       0x7    => BAD (HIGHMEM+DMA32+DMA)
 *       0x8    => NORMAL (MOVABLE+0)
 *       0x9    => DMA or NORMAL (MOVABLE+DMA)
 *       0xa    => MOVABLE (Movable is valid only if HIGHMEM is set too)
 *       0xb    => BAD (MOVABLE+HIGHMEM+DMA)
 *       0xc    => DMA32 or NORMAL (MOVABLE+DMA32)
 *       0xd    => BAD (MOVABLE+DMA32+DMA)
 *       0xe    => BAD (MOVABLE+DMA32+HIGHMEM)
 *       0xf    => BAD (MOVABLE+DMA32+HIGHMEM+DMA)
 * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT must be <= 2 on 32 bit platforms.

#if defined(CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE) && (MAX_NR_ZONES-1) <= 4
/* ZONE_DEVICE is not a valid GFP zone specifier */

#error GFP_ZONES_SHIFT too large to create GFP_ZONE_TABLE integer

#define GFP_ZONE_TABLE ( \
	(ZONE_NORMAL << 0 * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT)				       \
	| (OPT_ZONE_DMA << ___GFP_DMA * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT)		       \
	| (OPT_ZONE_DMA32 << ___GFP_DMA32 * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT)		       \

 * GFP_ZONE_BAD is a bitmap for all combinations of __GFP_DMA, __GFP_DMA32
 * __GFP_HIGHMEM and __GFP_MOVABLE that are not permitted. One flag per
 * entry starting with bit 0. Bit is set if the combination is not
 * allowed.
#define GFP_ZONE_BAD ( \
	1 << (___GFP_DMA | ___GFP_HIGHMEM)				      \
	| 1 << (___GFP_DMA | ___GFP_DMA32)				      \
	| 1 << (___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_HIGHMEM)				      \
	| 1 << (___GFP_DMA | ___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_HIGHMEM)		      \
	| 1 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_HIGHMEM | ___GFP_DMA)		      \
	| 1 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_DMA)		      \
	| 1 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_HIGHMEM)		      \
	| 1 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_DMA | ___GFP_HIGHMEM)  \

static inline enum zone_type gfp_zone(gfp_t flags)
	enum zone_type z;
	int bit = (__force int) (flags & GFP_ZONEMASK);

	z = (GFP_ZONE_TABLE >> (bit * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT)) &
					 ((1 << GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) - 1);
	VM_BUG_ON((GFP_ZONE_BAD >> bit) & 1);
	return z;

 * There is only one page-allocator function, and two main namespaces to
 * it. The alloc_page*() variants return 'struct page *' and as such
 * can allocate highmem pages, the *get*page*() variants return
 * virtual kernel addresses to the allocated page(s).

static inline int gfp_zonelist(gfp_t flags)
	if (unlikely(flags & __GFP_THISNODE))

 * We get the zone list from the current node and the gfp_mask.
 * This zone list contains a maximum of MAXNODES*MAX_NR_ZONES zones.
 * There are two zonelists per node, one for all zones with memory and
 * one containing just zones from the node the zonelist belongs to.
 * For the normal case of non-DISCONTIGMEM systems the NODE_DATA() gets
 * optimized to &contig_page_data at compile-time.
static inline struct zonelist *node_zonelist(int nid, gfp_t flags)
	return NODE_DATA(nid)->node_zonelists + gfp_zonelist(flags);

static inline void arch_free_page(struct page *page, int order) { }
static inline void arch_alloc_page(struct page *page, int order) { }

struct page *
__alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, int preferred_nid,
							nodemask_t *nodemask);

static inline struct page *
__alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, int preferred_nid)
	return __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp_mask, order, preferred_nid, NULL);

 * Allocate pages, preferring the node given as nid. The node must be valid and
 * online. For more general interface, see alloc_pages_node().
static inline struct page *
__alloc_pages_node(int nid, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order)
	VM_BUG_ON(nid < 0 || nid >= MAX_NUMNODES);
	VM_WARN_ON((gfp_mask & __GFP_THISNODE) && !node_online(nid));

	return __alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order, nid);

 * Allocate pages, preferring the node given as nid. When nid == NUMA_NO_NODE,
 * prefer the current CPU's closest node. Otherwise node must be valid and
 * online.
static inline struct page *alloc_pages_node(int nid, gfp_t gfp_mask,
						unsigned int order)
	if (nid == NUMA_NO_NODE)
		nid = numa_mem_id();

	return __alloc_pages_node(nid, gfp_mask, order);

extern struct page *alloc_pages_current(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned order);

static inline struct page *
alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order)
	return alloc_pages_current(gfp_mask, order);
extern struct page *alloc_pages_vma(gfp_t gfp_mask, int order,
			struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
			int node, bool hugepage);
#define alloc_hugepage_vma(gfp_mask, vma, addr, order)	\
	alloc_pages_vma(gfp_mask, order, vma, addr, numa_node_id(), true)
#define alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order) \
		alloc_pages_node(numa_node_id(), gfp_mask, order)
#define alloc_pages_vma(gfp_mask, order, vma, addr, node, false)\
	alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order)
#define alloc_hugepage_vma(gfp_mask, vma, addr, order)	\
	alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order)
#define alloc_page(gfp_mask) alloc_pages(gfp_mask, 0)
#define alloc_page_vma(gfp_mask, vma, addr)			\
	alloc_pages_vma(gfp_mask, 0, vma, addr, numa_node_id(), false)
#define alloc_page_vma_node(gfp_mask, vma, addr, node)		\
	alloc_pages_vma(gfp_mask, 0, vma, addr, node, false)

extern unsigned long __get_free_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order);
extern unsigned long get_zeroed_page(gfp_t gfp_mask);

void *alloc_pages_exact(size_t size, gfp_t gfp_mask);
void free_pages_exact(void *virt, size_t size);
void * __meminit alloc_pages_exact_nid(int nid, size_t size, gfp_t gfp_mask);

#define __get_free_page(gfp_mask) \
		__get_free_pages((gfp_mask), 0)

#define __get_dma_pages(gfp_mask, order) \
		__get_free_pages((gfp_mask) | GFP_DMA, (order))

extern void __free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
extern void free_pages(unsigned long addr, unsigned int order);
extern void free_unref_page(struct page *page);
extern void free_unref_page_list(struct list_head *list);

struct page_frag_cache;
extern void __page_frag_cache_drain(struct page *page, unsigned int count);
extern void *page_frag_alloc(struct page_frag_cache *nc,
			     unsigned int fragsz, gfp_t gfp_mask);
extern void page_frag_free(void *addr);

#define __free_page(page) __free_pages((page), 0)
#define free_page(addr) free_pages((addr), 0)

void page_alloc_init(void);
void drain_zone_pages(struct zone *zone, struct per_cpu_pages *pcp);
void drain_all_pages(struct zone *zone);
void drain_local_pages(struct zone *zone);

void page_alloc_init_late(void);

 * gfp_allowed_mask is set to GFP_BOOT_MASK during early boot to restrict what
 * GFP flags are used before interrupts are enabled. Once interrupts are
 * enabled, it is set to __GFP_BITS_MASK while the system is running. During
 * hibernation, it is used by PM to avoid I/O during memory allocation while
 * devices are suspended.
extern gfp_t gfp_allowed_mask;

/* Returns true if the gfp_mask allows use of ALLOC_NO_WATERMARK */
bool gfp_pfmemalloc_allowed(gfp_t gfp_mask);

extern void pm_restrict_gfp_mask(void);
extern void pm_restore_gfp_mask(void);

extern bool pm_suspended_storage(void);
static inline bool pm_suspended_storage(void)
	return false;
#endif /* CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */

/* The below functions must be run on a range from a single zone. */
extern int alloc_contig_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
			      unsigned migratetype, gfp_t gfp_mask);
extern void free_contig_range(unsigned long pfn, unsigned nr_pages);

/* CMA stuff */
extern void init_cma_reserved_pageblock(struct page *page);

#endif /* __LINUX_GFP_H */