* Copyright 2015 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
 * copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
 * to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
 * the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
 * and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
 * Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.


#include <drm/spsc_queue.h>
#include <linux/dma-fence.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/xarray.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>

#define MAX_WAIT_SCHED_ENTITY_Q_EMPTY msecs_to_jiffies(1000)

 * DRM_SCHED_FENCE_DONT_PIPELINE - Prefent dependency pipelining
 * Setting this flag on a scheduler fence prevents pipelining of jobs depending
 * on this fence. In other words we always insert a full CPU round trip before
 * dependen jobs are pushed to the hw queue.

enum dma_resv_usage;
struct dma_resv;
struct drm_gem_object;

struct drm_gpu_scheduler;
struct drm_sched_rq;

/* These are often used as an (initial) index
 * to an array, and as such should start at 0.
enum drm_sched_priority {


/* Used to chose between FIFO and RR jobs scheduling */
extern int drm_sched_policy;

#define DRM_SCHED_POLICY_RR    0

 * struct drm_sched_entity - A wrapper around a job queue (typically
 * attached to the DRM file_priv).
 * Entities will emit jobs in order to their corresponding hardware
 * ring, and the scheduler will alternate between entities based on
 * scheduling policy.
struct drm_sched_entity {
	 * @list:
	 * Used to append this struct to the list of entities in the runqueue
	 * @rq under &drm_sched_rq.entities.
	 * Protected by &drm_sched_rq.lock of @rq.
	struct list_head		list;

	 * @rq:
	 * Runqueue on which this entity is currently scheduled.
	 * FIXME: Locking is very unclear for this. Writers are protected by
	 * @rq_lock, but readers are generally lockless and seem to just race
	 * with not even a READ_ONCE.
	struct drm_sched_rq		*rq;

	 * @sched_list:
	 * A list of schedulers (struct drm_gpu_scheduler).  Jobs from this entity can
	 * be scheduled on any scheduler on this list.
	 * This can be modified by calling drm_sched_entity_modify_sched().
	 * Locking is entirely up to the driver, see the above function for more
	 * details.
	 * This will be set to NULL if &num_sched_list equals 1 and @rq has been
	 * set already.
	 * FIXME: This means priority changes through
	 * drm_sched_entity_set_priority() will be lost henceforth in this case.
	struct drm_gpu_scheduler        **sched_list;

	 * @num_sched_list:
	 * Number of drm_gpu_schedulers in the @sched_list.
	unsigned int                    num_sched_list;

	 * @priority:
	 * Priority of the entity. This can be modified by calling
	 * drm_sched_entity_set_priority(). Protected by &rq_lock.
	enum drm_sched_priority         priority;

	 * @rq_lock:
	 * Lock to modify the runqueue to which this entity belongs.
	spinlock_t			rq_lock;

	 * @job_queue: the list of jobs of this entity.
	struct spsc_queue		job_queue;

	 * @fence_seq:
	 * A linearly increasing seqno incremented with each new
	 * &drm_sched_fence which is part of the entity.
	 * FIXME: Callers of drm_sched_job_arm() need to ensure correct locking,
	 * this doesn't need to be atomic.
	atomic_t			fence_seq;

	 * @fence_context:
	 * A unique context for all the fences which belong to this entity.  The
	 * &drm_sched_fence.scheduled uses the fence_context but
	 * &drm_sched_fence.finished uses fence_context + 1.
	uint64_t			fence_context;

	 * @dependency:
	 * The dependency fence of the job which is on the top of the job queue.
	struct dma_fence		*dependency;

	 * @cb:
	 * Callback for the dependency fence above.
	struct dma_fence_cb		cb;

	 * @guilty:
	 * Points to entities' guilty.
	atomic_t			*guilty;

	 * @last_scheduled:
	 * Points to the finished fence of the last scheduled job. Only written
	 * by the scheduler thread, can be accessed locklessly from
	 * drm_sched_job_arm() iff the queue is empty.
	struct dma_fence                *last_scheduled;

	 * @last_user: last group leader pushing a job into the entity.
	struct task_struct		*last_user;

	 * @stopped:
	 * Marks the enity as removed from rq and destined for
	 * termination. This is set by calling drm_sched_entity_flush() and by
	 * drm_sched_fini().
	bool 				stopped;

	 * @entity_idle:
	 * Signals when entity is not in use, used to sequence entity cleanup in
	 * drm_sched_entity_fini().
	struct completion		entity_idle;

	 * @oldest_job_waiting:
	 * Marks earliest job waiting in SW queue
	ktime_t				oldest_job_waiting;

	 * @rb_tree_node:
	 * The node used to insert this entity into time based priority queue
	struct rb_node			rb_tree_node;

	 * @elapsed_ns:
	 * Records the amount of time where jobs from this entity were active
	 * on the GPU.
	uint64_t elapsed_ns;

 * struct drm_sched_rq - queue of entities to be scheduled.
 * @lock: to modify the entities list.
 * @sched: the scheduler to which this rq belongs to.
 * @entities: list of the entities to be scheduled.
 * @current_entity: the entity which is to be scheduled.
 * @rb_tree_root: root of time based priory queue of entities for FIFO scheduling
 * Run queue is a set of entities scheduling command submissions for
 * one specific ring. It implements the scheduling policy that selects
 * the next entity to emit commands from.
struct drm_sched_rq {
	spinlock_t			lock;
	struct drm_gpu_scheduler	*sched;
	struct list_head		entities;
	struct drm_sched_entity		*current_entity;
	struct rb_root_cached		rb_tree_root;

 * struct drm_sched_fence - fences corresponding to the scheduling of a job.
struct drm_sched_fence {
         * @scheduled: this fence is what will be signaled by the scheduler
         * when the job is scheduled.
	struct dma_fence		scheduled;

         * @finished: this fence is what will be signaled by the scheduler
         * when the job is completed.
         * When setting up an out fence for the job, you should use
         * this, since it's available immediately upon
         * drm_sched_job_init(), and the fence returned by the driver
         * from run_job() won't be created until the dependencies have
         * resolved.
	struct dma_fence		finished;

         * @parent: the fence returned by &drm_sched_backend_ops.run_job
         * when scheduling the job on hardware. We signal the
         * &drm_sched_fence.finished fence once parent is signalled.
	struct dma_fence		*parent;
         * @sched: the scheduler instance to which the job having this struct
         * belongs to.
	struct drm_gpu_scheduler	*sched;
         * @lock: the lock used by the scheduled and the finished fences.
	spinlock_t			lock;
         * @owner: job owner for debugging
	void				*owner;

struct drm_sched_fence *to_drm_sched_fence(struct dma_fence *f);

 * struct drm_sched_job - A job to be run by an entity.
 * @queue_node: used to append this struct to the queue of jobs in an entity.
 * @list: a job participates in a "pending" and "done" lists.
 * @sched: the scheduler instance on which this job is scheduled.
 * @s_fence: contains the fences for the scheduling of job.
 * @finish_cb: the callback for the finished fence.
 * @work: Helper to reschdeule job kill to different context.
 * @id: a unique id assigned to each job scheduled on the scheduler.
 * @karma: increment on every hang caused by this job. If this exceeds the hang
 *         limit of the scheduler then the job is marked guilty and will not
 *         be scheduled further.
 * @s_priority: the priority of the job.
 * @entity: the entity to which this job belongs.
 * @cb: the callback for the parent fence in s_fence.
 * A job is created by the driver using drm_sched_job_init(), and
 * should call drm_sched_entity_push_job() once it wants the scheduler
 * to schedule the job.
struct drm_sched_job {
	struct spsc_node		queue_node;
	struct list_head		list;
	struct drm_gpu_scheduler	*sched;
	struct drm_sched_fence		*s_fence;

	 * work is used only after finish_cb has been used and will not be
	 * accessed anymore.
	union {
		struct dma_fence_cb		finish_cb;
		struct work_struct		work;

	uint64_t			id;
	atomic_t			karma;
	enum drm_sched_priority		s_priority;
	struct drm_sched_entity         *entity;
	struct dma_fence_cb		cb;
	 * @dependencies:
	 * Contains the dependencies as struct dma_fence for this job, see
	 * drm_sched_job_add_dependency() and
	 * drm_sched_job_add_implicit_dependencies().
	struct xarray			dependencies;

	/** @last_dependency: tracks @dependencies as they signal */
	unsigned long			last_dependency;

	 * @submit_ts:
	 * When the job was pushed into the entity queue.
	ktime_t                         submit_ts;

static inline bool drm_sched_invalidate_job(struct drm_sched_job *s_job,
					    int threshold)
	return s_job && atomic_inc_return(&s_job->karma) > threshold;

enum drm_gpu_sched_stat {
	DRM_GPU_SCHED_STAT_NONE, /* Reserve 0 */

 * struct drm_sched_backend_ops - Define the backend operations
 *	called by the scheduler
 * These functions should be implemented in the driver side.
struct drm_sched_backend_ops {
	 * @prepare_job:
	 * Called when the scheduler is considering scheduling this job next, to
	 * get another struct dma_fence for this job to block on.  Once it
	 * returns NULL, run_job() may be called.
	 * Can be NULL if no additional preparation to the dependencies are
	 * necessary. Skipped when jobs are killed instead of run.
	struct dma_fence *(*prepare_job)(struct drm_sched_job *sched_job,
					 struct drm_sched_entity *s_entity);

         * @run_job: Called to execute the job once all of the dependencies
         * have been resolved.  This may be called multiple times, if
	 * timedout_job() has happened and drm_sched_job_recovery()
	 * decides to try it again.
	struct dma_fence *(*run_job)(struct drm_sched_job *sched_job);

	 * @timedout_job: Called when a job has taken too long to execute,
	 * to trigger GPU recovery.
	 * This method is called in a workqueue context.
	 * Drivers typically issue a reset to recover from GPU hangs, and this
	 * procedure usually follows the following workflow:
	 * 1. Stop the scheduler using drm_sched_stop(). This will park the
	 *    scheduler thread and cancel the timeout work, guaranteeing that
	 *    nothing is queued while we reset the hardware queue
	 * 2. Try to gracefully stop non-faulty jobs (optional)
	 * 3. Issue a GPU reset (driver-specific)
	 * 4. Re-submit jobs using drm_sched_resubmit_jobs()
	 * 5. Restart the scheduler using drm_sched_start(). At that point, new
	 *    jobs can be queued, and the scheduler thread is unblocked
	 * Note that some GPUs have distinct hardware queues but need to reset
	 * the GPU globally, which requires extra synchronization between the
	 * timeout handler of the different &drm_gpu_scheduler. One way to
	 * achieve this synchronization is to create an ordered workqueue
	 * (using alloc_ordered_workqueue()) at the driver level, and pass this
	 * queue to drm_sched_init(), to guarantee that timeout handlers are
	 * executed sequentially. The above workflow needs to be slightly
	 * adjusted in that case:
	 * 1. Stop all schedulers impacted by the reset using drm_sched_stop()
	 * 2. Try to gracefully stop non-faulty jobs on all queues impacted by
	 *    the reset (optional)
	 * 3. Issue a GPU reset on all faulty queues (driver-specific)
	 * 4. Re-submit jobs on all schedulers impacted by the reset using
	 *    drm_sched_resubmit_jobs()
	 * 5. Restart all schedulers that were stopped in step #1 using
	 *    drm_sched_start()
	 * Return DRM_GPU_SCHED_STAT_NOMINAL, when all is normal,
	 * and the underlying driver has started or completed recovery.
	 * Return DRM_GPU_SCHED_STAT_ENODEV, if the device is no longer
	 * available, i.e. has been unplugged.
	enum drm_gpu_sched_stat (*timedout_job)(struct drm_sched_job *sched_job);

         * @free_job: Called once the job's finished fence has been signaled
         * and it's time to clean it up.
	void (*free_job)(struct drm_sched_job *sched_job);

 * struct drm_gpu_scheduler - scheduler instance-specific data
 * @ops: backend operations provided by the driver.
 * @hw_submission_limit: the max size of the hardware queue.
 * @timeout: the time after which a job is removed from the scheduler.
 * @name: name of the ring for which this scheduler is being used.
 * @sched_rq: priority wise array of run queues.
 * @wake_up_worker: the wait queue on which the scheduler sleeps until a job
 *                  is ready to be scheduled.
 * @job_scheduled: once @drm_sched_entity_do_release is called the scheduler
 *                 waits on this wait queue until all the scheduled jobs are
 *                 finished.
 * @hw_rq_count: the number of jobs currently in the hardware queue.
 * @job_id_count: used to assign unique id to the each job.
 * @timeout_wq: workqueue used to queue @work_tdr
 * @work_tdr: schedules a delayed call to @drm_sched_job_timedout after the
 *            timeout interval is over.
 * @thread: the kthread on which the scheduler which run.
 * @pending_list: the list of jobs which are currently in the job queue.
 * @job_list_lock: lock to protect the pending_list.
 * @hang_limit: once the hangs by a job crosses this limit then it is marked
 *              guilty and it will no longer be considered for scheduling.
 * @score: score to help loadbalancer pick a idle sched
 * @_score: score used when the driver doesn't provide one
 * @ready: marks if the underlying HW is ready to work
 * @free_guilty: A hit to time out handler to free the guilty job.
 * @dev: system &struct device
 * One scheduler is implemented for each hardware ring.
struct drm_gpu_scheduler {
	const struct drm_sched_backend_ops	*ops;
	uint32_t			hw_submission_limit;
	long				timeout;
	const char			*name;
	struct drm_sched_rq		sched_rq[DRM_SCHED_PRIORITY_COUNT];
	wait_queue_head_t		wake_up_worker;
	wait_queue_head_t		job_scheduled;
	atomic_t			hw_rq_count;
	atomic64_t			job_id_count;
	struct workqueue_struct		*timeout_wq;
	struct delayed_work		work_tdr;
	struct task_struct		*thread;
	struct list_head		pending_list;
	spinlock_t			job_list_lock;
	int				hang_limit;
	atomic_t                        *score;
	atomic_t                        _score;
	bool				ready;
	bool				free_guilty;
	struct device			*dev;

int drm_sched_init(struct drm_gpu_scheduler *sched,
		   const struct drm_sched_backend_ops *ops,
		   uint32_t hw_submission, unsigned hang_limit,
		   long timeout, struct workqueue_struct *timeout_wq,
		   atomic_t *score, const char *name, struct device *dev);

void drm_sched_fini(struct drm_gpu_scheduler *sched);
int drm_sched_job_init(struct drm_sched_job *job,
		       struct drm_sched_entity *entity,
		       void *owner);
void drm_sched_job_arm(struct drm_sched_job *job);
int drm_sched_job_add_dependency(struct drm_sched_job *job,
				 struct dma_fence *fence);
int drm_sched_job_add_resv_dependencies(struct drm_sched_job *job,
					struct dma_resv *resv,
					enum dma_resv_usage usage);
int drm_sched_job_add_implicit_dependencies(struct drm_sched_job *job,
					    struct drm_gem_object *obj,
					    bool write);

void drm_sched_entity_modify_sched(struct drm_sched_entity *entity,
				    struct drm_gpu_scheduler **sched_list,
                                   unsigned int num_sched_list);

void drm_sched_job_cleanup(struct drm_sched_job *job);
void drm_sched_wakeup(struct drm_gpu_scheduler *sched);
void drm_sched_stop(struct drm_gpu_scheduler *sched, struct drm_sched_job *bad);
void drm_sched_start(struct drm_gpu_scheduler *sched, bool full_recovery);
void drm_sched_resubmit_jobs(struct drm_gpu_scheduler *sched);
void drm_sched_increase_karma(struct drm_sched_job *bad);
void drm_sched_reset_karma(struct drm_sched_job *bad);
void drm_sched_increase_karma_ext(struct drm_sched_job *bad, int type);
bool drm_sched_dependency_optimized(struct dma_fence* fence,
				    struct drm_sched_entity *entity);
void drm_sched_fault(struct drm_gpu_scheduler *sched);

void drm_sched_rq_add_entity(struct drm_sched_rq *rq,
			     struct drm_sched_entity *entity);
void drm_sched_rq_remove_entity(struct drm_sched_rq *rq,
				struct drm_sched_entity *entity);

void drm_sched_rq_update_fifo(struct drm_sched_entity *entity, ktime_t ts);

int drm_sched_entity_init(struct drm_sched_entity *entity,
			  enum drm_sched_priority priority,
			  struct drm_gpu_scheduler **sched_list,
			  unsigned int num_sched_list,
			  atomic_t *guilty);
long drm_sched_entity_flush(struct drm_sched_entity *entity, long timeout);
void drm_sched_entity_fini(struct drm_sched_entity *entity);
void drm_sched_entity_destroy(struct drm_sched_entity *entity);
void drm_sched_entity_select_rq(struct drm_sched_entity *entity);
struct drm_sched_job *drm_sched_entity_pop_job(struct drm_sched_entity *entity);
void drm_sched_entity_push_job(struct drm_sched_job *sched_job);
void drm_sched_entity_set_priority(struct drm_sched_entity *entity,
				   enum drm_sched_priority priority);
bool drm_sched_entity_is_ready(struct drm_sched_entity *entity);

struct drm_sched_fence *drm_sched_fence_alloc(
	struct drm_sched_entity *s_entity, void *owner);
void drm_sched_fence_init(struct drm_sched_fence *fence,
			  struct drm_sched_entity *entity);
void drm_sched_fence_free(struct drm_sched_fence *fence);

void drm_sched_fence_scheduled(struct drm_sched_fence *fence);
void drm_sched_fence_finished(struct drm_sched_fence *fence);

unsigned long drm_sched_suspend_timeout(struct drm_gpu_scheduler *sched);
void drm_sched_resume_timeout(struct drm_gpu_scheduler *sched,
		                unsigned long remaining);
struct drm_gpu_scheduler *
drm_sched_pick_best(struct drm_gpu_scheduler **sched_list,
		     unsigned int num_sched_list);