// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
/*
 * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992  Linus Torvalds
 * Copyright (C) 2001  Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de> SuSE
 * Copyright (C) 2016 - 2020 Christoph Hellwig
 */
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/mpage.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h>
#include <linux/falloc.h>
#include <linux/suspend.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include "blk.h"

static struct inode *bdev_file_inode(struct file *file)
{
	return file->f_mapping->host;
}

static int blkdev_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
		struct buffer_head *bh, int create)
{
	bh->b_bdev = I_BDEV(inode);
	bh->b_blocknr = iblock;
	set_buffer_mapped(bh);
	return 0;
}

static unsigned int dio_bio_write_op(struct kiocb *iocb)
{
	unsigned int op = REQ_OP_WRITE | REQ_SYNC | REQ_IDLE;

	/* avoid the need for a I/O completion work item */
	if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DSYNC)
		op |= REQ_FUA;
	return op;
}

#define DIO_INLINE_BIO_VECS 4

static void blkdev_bio_end_io_simple(struct bio *bio)
{
	struct task_struct *waiter = bio->bi_private;

	WRITE_ONCE(bio->bi_private, NULL);
	blk_wake_io_task(waiter);
}

static ssize_t __blkdev_direct_IO_simple(struct kiocb *iocb,
		struct iov_iter *iter, unsigned int nr_pages)
{
	struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
	struct block_device *bdev = I_BDEV(bdev_file_inode(file));
	struct bio_vec inline_vecs[DIO_INLINE_BIO_VECS], *vecs;
	loff_t pos = iocb->ki_pos;
	bool should_dirty = false;
	struct bio bio;
	ssize_t ret;
	blk_qc_t qc;

	if ((pos | iov_iter_alignment(iter)) &
	    (bdev_logical_block_size(bdev) - 1))
		return -EINVAL;

	if (nr_pages <= DIO_INLINE_BIO_VECS)
		vecs = inline_vecs;
	else {
		vecs = kmalloc_array(nr_pages, sizeof(struct bio_vec),
				     GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!vecs)
			return -ENOMEM;
	}

	bio_init(&bio, vecs, nr_pages);
	bio_set_dev(&bio, bdev);
	bio.bi_iter.bi_sector = pos >> 9;
	bio.bi_write_hint = iocb->ki_hint;
	bio.bi_private = current;
	bio.bi_end_io = blkdev_bio_end_io_simple;
	bio.bi_ioprio = iocb->ki_ioprio;

	ret = bio_iov_iter_get_pages(&bio, iter);
	if (unlikely(ret))
		goto out;
	ret = bio.bi_iter.bi_size;

	if (iov_iter_rw(iter) == READ) {
		bio.bi_opf = REQ_OP_READ;
		if (iter_is_iovec(iter))
			should_dirty = true;
	} else {
		bio.bi_opf = dio_bio_write_op(iocb);
		task_io_account_write(ret);
	}
	if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT)
		bio.bi_opf |= REQ_NOWAIT;
	if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_HIPRI)
		bio_set_polled(&bio, iocb);

	qc = submit_bio(&bio);
	for (;;) {
		set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
		if (!READ_ONCE(bio.bi_private))
			break;
		if (!(iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_HIPRI) ||
		    !blk_poll(bdev_get_queue(bdev), qc, true))
			blk_io_schedule();
	}
	__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);

	bio_release_pages(&bio, should_dirty);
	if (unlikely(bio.bi_status))
		ret = blk_status_to_errno(bio.bi_status);

out:
	if (vecs != inline_vecs)
		kfree(vecs);

	bio_uninit(&bio);

	return ret;
}

struct blkdev_dio {
	union {
		struct kiocb		*iocb;
		struct task_struct	*waiter;
	};
	size_t			size;
	atomic_t		ref;
	bool			multi_bio : 1;
	bool			should_dirty : 1;
	bool			is_sync : 1;
	struct bio		bio;
};

static struct bio_set blkdev_dio_pool;

static int blkdev_iopoll(struct kiocb *kiocb, bool wait)
{
	struct block_device *bdev = I_BDEV(kiocb->ki_filp->f_mapping->host);
	struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev);

	return blk_poll(q, READ_ONCE(kiocb->ki_cookie), wait);
}

static void blkdev_bio_end_io(struct bio *bio)
{
	struct blkdev_dio *dio = bio->bi_private;
	bool should_dirty = dio->should_dirty;

	if (bio->bi_status && !dio->bio.bi_status)
		dio->bio.bi_status = bio->bi_status;

	if (!dio->multi_bio || atomic_dec_and_test(&dio->ref)) {
		if (!dio->is_sync) {
			struct kiocb *iocb = dio->iocb;
			ssize_t ret;

			if (likely(!dio->bio.bi_status)) {
				ret = dio->size;
				iocb->ki_pos += ret;
			} else {
				ret = blk_status_to_errno(dio->bio.bi_status);
			}

			dio->iocb->ki_complete(iocb, ret, 0);
			if (dio->multi_bio)
				bio_put(&dio->bio);
		} else {
			struct task_struct *waiter = dio->waiter;

			WRITE_ONCE(dio->waiter, NULL);
			blk_wake_io_task(waiter);
		}
	}

	if (should_dirty) {
		bio_check_pages_dirty(bio);
	} else {
		bio_release_pages(bio, false);
		bio_put(bio);
	}
}

static ssize_t __blkdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter,
		unsigned int nr_pages)
{
	struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
	struct inode *inode = bdev_file_inode(file);
	struct block_device *bdev = I_BDEV(inode);
	struct blk_plug plug;
	struct blkdev_dio *dio;
	struct bio *bio;
	bool is_poll = (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_HIPRI) != 0;
	bool is_read = (iov_iter_rw(iter) == READ), is_sync;
	loff_t pos = iocb->ki_pos;
	blk_qc_t qc = BLK_QC_T_NONE;
	int ret = 0;

	if ((pos | iov_iter_alignment(iter)) &
	    (bdev_logical_block_size(bdev) - 1))
		return -EINVAL;

	bio = bio_alloc_kiocb(iocb, nr_pages, &blkdev_dio_pool);

	dio = container_of(bio, struct blkdev_dio, bio);
	dio->is_sync = is_sync = is_sync_kiocb(iocb);
	if (dio->is_sync) {
		dio->waiter = current;
		bio_get(bio);
	} else {
		dio->iocb = iocb;
	}

	dio->size = 0;
	dio->multi_bio = false;
	dio->should_dirty = is_read && iter_is_iovec(iter);

	/*
	 * Don't plug for HIPRI/polled IO, as those should go straight
	 * to issue
	 */
	if (!is_poll)
		blk_start_plug(&plug);

	for (;;) {
		bio_set_dev(bio, bdev);
		bio->bi_iter.bi_sector = pos >> 9;
		bio->bi_write_hint = iocb->ki_hint;
		bio->bi_private = dio;
		bio->bi_end_io = blkdev_bio_end_io;
		bio->bi_ioprio = iocb->ki_ioprio;

		ret = bio_iov_iter_get_pages(bio, iter);
		if (unlikely(ret)) {
			bio->bi_status = BLK_STS_IOERR;
			bio_endio(bio);
			break;
		}

		if (is_read) {
			bio->bi_opf = REQ_OP_READ;
			if (dio->should_dirty)
				bio_set_pages_dirty(bio);
		} else {
			bio->bi_opf = dio_bio_write_op(iocb);
			task_io_account_write(bio->bi_iter.bi_size);
		}
		if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT)
			bio->bi_opf |= REQ_NOWAIT;

		dio->size += bio->bi_iter.bi_size;
		pos += bio->bi_iter.bi_size;

		nr_pages = bio_iov_vecs_to_alloc(iter, BIO_MAX_VECS);
		if (!nr_pages) {
			bool polled = false;

			if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_HIPRI) {
				bio_set_polled(bio, iocb);
				polled = true;
			}

			qc = submit_bio(bio);

			if (polled)
				WRITE_ONCE(iocb->ki_cookie, qc);
			break;
		}

		if (!dio->multi_bio) {
			/*
			 * AIO needs an extra reference to ensure the dio
			 * structure which is embedded into the first bio
			 * stays around.
			 */
			if (!is_sync)
				bio_get(bio);
			dio->multi_bio = true;
			atomic_set(&dio->ref, 2);
		} else {
			atomic_inc(&dio->ref);
		}

		submit_bio(bio);
		bio = bio_alloc(GFP_KERNEL, nr_pages);
	}

	if (!is_poll)
		blk_finish_plug(&plug);

	if (!is_sync)
		return -EIOCBQUEUED;

	for (;;) {
		set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
		if (!READ_ONCE(dio->waiter))
			break;

		if (!(iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_HIPRI) ||
		    !blk_poll(bdev_get_queue(bdev), qc, true))
			blk_io_schedule();
	}
	__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);

	if (!ret)
		ret = blk_status_to_errno(dio->bio.bi_status);
	if (likely(!ret))
		ret = dio->size;

	bio_put(&dio->bio);
	return ret;
}

static ssize_t blkdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter)
{
	unsigned int nr_pages;

	if (!iov_iter_count(iter))
		return 0;

	nr_pages = bio_iov_vecs_to_alloc(iter, BIO_MAX_VECS + 1);
	if (is_sync_kiocb(iocb) && nr_pages <= BIO_MAX_VECS)
		return __blkdev_direct_IO_simple(iocb, iter, nr_pages);

	return __blkdev_direct_IO(iocb, iter, bio_max_segs(nr_pages));
}

static int blkdev_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
	return block_write_full_page(page, blkdev_get_block, wbc);
}

static int blkdev_readpage(struct file * file, struct page * page)
{
	return block_read_full_page(page, blkdev_get_block);
}

static void blkdev_readahead(struct readahead_control *rac)
{
	mpage_readahead(rac, blkdev_get_block);
}

static int blkdev_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
		loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep,
		void **fsdata)
{
	return block_write_begin(mapping, pos, len, flags, pagep,
				 blkdev_get_block);
}

static int blkdev_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
		loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page,
		void *fsdata)
{
	int ret;
	ret = block_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, page, fsdata);

	unlock_page(page);
	put_page(page);

	return ret;
}

static int blkdev_writepages(struct address_space *mapping,
			     struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
	return generic_writepages(mapping, wbc);
}

const struct address_space_operations def_blk_aops = {
	.set_page_dirty	= __set_page_dirty_buffers,
	.readpage	= blkdev_readpage,
	.readahead	= blkdev_readahead,
	.writepage	= blkdev_writepage,
	.write_begin	= blkdev_write_begin,
	.write_end	= blkdev_write_end,
	.writepages	= blkdev_writepages,
	.direct_IO	= blkdev_direct_IO,
	.migratepage	= buffer_migrate_page_norefs,
	.is_dirty_writeback = buffer_check_dirty_writeback,
};

/*
 * for a block special file file_inode(file)->i_size is zero
 * so we compute the size by hand (just as in block_read/write above)
 */
static loff_t blkdev_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence)
{
	struct inode *bd_inode = bdev_file_inode(file);
	loff_t retval;

	inode_lock(bd_inode);
	retval = fixed_size_llseek(file, offset, whence, i_size_read(bd_inode));
	inode_unlock(bd_inode);
	return retval;
}

static int blkdev_fsync(struct file *filp, loff_t start, loff_t end,
		int datasync)
{
	struct inode *bd_inode = bdev_file_inode(filp);
	struct block_device *bdev = I_BDEV(bd_inode);
	int error;

	error = file_write_and_wait_range(filp, start, end);
	if (error)
		return error;

	/*
	 * There is no need to serialise calls to blkdev_issue_flush with
	 * i_mutex and doing so causes performance issues with concurrent
	 * O_SYNC writers to a block device.
	 */
	error = blkdev_issue_flush(bdev);
	if (error == -EOPNOTSUPP)
		error = 0;

	return error;
}

static int blkdev_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
	struct block_device *bdev;

	/*
	 * Preserve backwards compatibility and allow large file access
	 * even if userspace doesn't ask for it explicitly. Some mkfs
	 * binary needs it. We might want to drop this workaround
	 * during an unstable branch.
	 */
	filp->f_flags |= O_LARGEFILE;
	filp->f_mode |= FMODE_NOWAIT | FMODE_BUF_RASYNC;

	if (filp->f_flags & O_NDELAY)
		filp->f_mode |= FMODE_NDELAY;
	if (filp->f_flags & O_EXCL)
		filp->f_mode |= FMODE_EXCL;
	if ((filp->f_flags & O_ACCMODE) == 3)
		filp->f_mode |= FMODE_WRITE_IOCTL;

	bdev = blkdev_get_by_dev(inode->i_rdev, filp->f_mode, filp);
	if (IS_ERR(bdev))
		return PTR_ERR(bdev);
	filp->f_mapping = bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping;
	filp->f_wb_err = filemap_sample_wb_err(filp->f_mapping);
	return 0;
}

static int blkdev_close(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
	struct block_device *bdev = I_BDEV(bdev_file_inode(filp));

	blkdev_put(bdev, filp->f_mode);
	return 0;
}

static long block_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
	struct block_device *bdev = I_BDEV(bdev_file_inode(file));
	fmode_t mode = file->f_mode;

	/*
	 * O_NDELAY can be altered using fcntl(.., F_SETFL, ..), so we have
	 * to updated it before every ioctl.
	 */
	if (file->f_flags & O_NDELAY)
		mode |= FMODE_NDELAY;
	else
		mode &= ~FMODE_NDELAY;

	return blkdev_ioctl(bdev, mode, cmd, arg);
}

/*
 * Write data to the block device.  Only intended for the block device itself
 * and the raw driver which basically is a fake block device.
 *
 * Does not take i_mutex for the write and thus is not for general purpose
 * use.
 */
static ssize_t blkdev_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from)
{
	struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
	struct inode *bd_inode = bdev_file_inode(file);
	loff_t size = i_size_read(bd_inode);
	struct blk_plug plug;
	size_t shorted = 0;
	ssize_t ret;

	if (bdev_read_only(I_BDEV(bd_inode)))
		return -EPERM;

	if (IS_SWAPFILE(bd_inode) && !is_hibernate_resume_dev(bd_inode->i_rdev))
		return -ETXTBSY;

	if (!iov_iter_count(from))
		return 0;

	if (iocb->ki_pos >= size)
		return -ENOSPC;

	if ((iocb->ki_flags & (IOCB_NOWAIT | IOCB_DIRECT)) == IOCB_NOWAIT)
		return -EOPNOTSUPP;

	size -= iocb->ki_pos;
	if (iov_iter_count(from) > size) {
		shorted = iov_iter_count(from) - size;
		iov_iter_truncate(from, size);
	}

	blk_start_plug(&plug);
	ret = __generic_file_write_iter(iocb, from);
	if (ret > 0)
		ret = generic_write_sync(iocb, ret);
	iov_iter_reexpand(from, iov_iter_count(from) + shorted);
	blk_finish_plug(&plug);
	return ret;
}

static ssize_t blkdev_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to)
{
	struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
	struct inode *bd_inode = bdev_file_inode(file);
	loff_t size = i_size_read(bd_inode);
	loff_t pos = iocb->ki_pos;
	size_t shorted = 0;
	ssize_t ret;

	if (pos >= size)
		return 0;

	size -= pos;
	if (iov_iter_count(to) > size) {
		shorted = iov_iter_count(to) - size;
		iov_iter_truncate(to, size);
	}

	ret = generic_file_read_iter(iocb, to);
	iov_iter_reexpand(to, iov_iter_count(to) + shorted);
	return ret;
}

#define	BLKDEV_FALLOC_FL_SUPPORTED					\
		(FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE | FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE |		\
		 FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE | FALLOC_FL_NO_HIDE_STALE)

static long blkdev_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t start,
			     loff_t len)
{
	struct inode *inode = bdev_file_inode(file);
	struct block_device *bdev = I_BDEV(inode);
	loff_t end = start + len - 1;
	loff_t isize;
	int error;

	/* Fail if we don't recognize the flags. */
	if (mode & ~BLKDEV_FALLOC_FL_SUPPORTED)
		return -EOPNOTSUPP;

	/* Don't go off the end of the device. */
	isize = i_size_read(bdev->bd_inode);
	if (start >= isize)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (end >= isize) {
		if (mode & FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) {
			len = isize - start;
			end = start + len - 1;
		} else
			return -EINVAL;
	}

	/*
	 * Don't allow IO that isn't aligned to logical block size.
	 */
	if ((start | len) & (bdev_logical_block_size(bdev) - 1))
		return -EINVAL;

	filemap_invalidate_lock(inode->i_mapping);

	/* Invalidate the page cache, including dirty pages. */
	error = truncate_bdev_range(bdev, file->f_mode, start, end);
	if (error)
		goto fail;

	switch (mode) {
	case FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE:
	case FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE | FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE:
		error = blkdev_issue_zeroout(bdev, start >> 9, len >> 9,
					    GFP_KERNEL, BLKDEV_ZERO_NOUNMAP);
		break;
	case FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE | FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE:
		error = blkdev_issue_zeroout(bdev, start >> 9, len >> 9,
					     GFP_KERNEL, BLKDEV_ZERO_NOFALLBACK);
		break;
	case FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE | FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE | FALLOC_FL_NO_HIDE_STALE:
		error = blkdev_issue_discard(bdev, start >> 9, len >> 9,
					     GFP_KERNEL, 0);
		break;
	default:
		error = -EOPNOTSUPP;
	}

 fail:
	filemap_invalidate_unlock(inode->i_mapping);
	return error;
}

const struct file_operations def_blk_fops = {
	.open		= blkdev_open,
	.release	= blkdev_close,
	.llseek		= blkdev_llseek,
	.read_iter	= blkdev_read_iter,
	.write_iter	= blkdev_write_iter,
	.iopoll		= blkdev_iopoll,
	.mmap		= generic_file_mmap,
	.fsync		= blkdev_fsync,
	.unlocked_ioctl	= block_ioctl,
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	.compat_ioctl	= compat_blkdev_ioctl,
#endif
	.splice_read	= generic_file_splice_read,
	.splice_write	= iter_file_splice_write,
	.fallocate	= blkdev_fallocate,
};

static __init int blkdev_init(void)
{
	return bioset_init(&blkdev_dio_pool, 4,
				offsetof(struct blkdev_dio, bio),
				BIOSET_NEED_BVECS|BIOSET_PERCPU_CACHE);
}
module_init