// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
/*
 * MIPI Display Bus Interface (DBI) LCD controller support
 *
 * Copyright 2016 Noralf Trønnes
 */

#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/dma-buf.h>
#include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/regulator/consumer.h>
#include <linux/spi/spi.h>

#include <drm/drm_connector.h>
#include <drm/drm_damage_helper.h>
#include <drm/drm_drv.h>
#include <drm/drm_gem_cma_helper.h>
#include <drm/drm_format_helper.h>
#include <drm/drm_fourcc.h>
#include <drm/drm_gem_framebuffer_helper.h>
#include <drm/drm_mipi_dbi.h>
#include <drm/drm_modes.h>
#include <drm/drm_probe_helper.h>
#include <drm/drm_rect.h>
#include <video/mipi_display.h>

#define MIPI_DBI_MAX_SPI_READ_SPEED 2000000 /* 2MHz */

#define DCS_POWER_MODE_DISPLAY			BIT(2)
#define DCS_POWER_MODE_DISPLAY_NORMAL_MODE	BIT(3)
#define DCS_POWER_MODE_SLEEP_MODE		BIT(4)
#define DCS_POWER_MODE_PARTIAL_MODE		BIT(5)
#define DCS_POWER_MODE_IDLE_MODE		BIT(6)
#define DCS_POWER_MODE_RESERVED_MASK		(BIT(0) | BIT(1) | BIT(7))

/**
 * DOC: overview
 *
 * This library provides helpers for MIPI Display Bus Interface (DBI)
 * compatible display controllers.
 *
 * Many controllers for tiny lcd displays are MIPI compliant and can use this
 * library. If a controller uses registers 0x2A and 0x2B to set the area to
 * update and uses register 0x2C to write to frame memory, it is most likely
 * MIPI compliant.
 *
 * Only MIPI Type 1 displays are supported since a full frame memory is needed.
 *
 * There are 3 MIPI DBI implementation types:
 *
 * A. Motorola 6800 type parallel bus
 *
 * B. Intel 8080 type parallel bus
 *
 * C. SPI type with 3 options:
 *
 *    1. 9-bit with the Data/Command signal as the ninth bit
 *    2. Same as above except it's sent as 16 bits
 *    3. 8-bit with the Data/Command signal as a separate D/CX pin
 *
 * Currently mipi_dbi only supports Type C options 1 and 3 with
 * mipi_dbi_spi_init().
 */

#define MIPI_DBI_DEBUG_COMMAND(cmd, data, len) \
({ \
	if (!len) \
		DRM_DEBUG_DRIVER("cmd=%02x\n", cmd); \
	else if (len <= 32) \
		DRM_DEBUG_DRIVER("cmd=%02x, par=%*ph\n", cmd, (int)len, data);\
	else \
		DRM_DEBUG_DRIVER("cmd=%02x, len=%zu\n", cmd, len); \
})

static const u8 mipi_dbi_dcs_read_commands[] = {
	MIPI_DCS_GET_DISPLAY_ID,
	MIPI_DCS_GET_RED_CHANNEL,
	MIPI_DCS_GET_GREEN_CHANNEL,
	MIPI_DCS_GET_BLUE_CHANNEL,
	MIPI_DCS_GET_DISPLAY_STATUS,
	MIPI_DCS_GET_POWER_MODE,
	MIPI_DCS_GET_ADDRESS_MODE,
	MIPI_DCS_GET_PIXEL_FORMAT,
	MIPI_DCS_GET_DISPLAY_MODE,
	MIPI_DCS_GET_SIGNAL_MODE,
	MIPI_DCS_GET_DIAGNOSTIC_RESULT,
	MIPI_DCS_READ_MEMORY_START,
	MIPI_DCS_READ_MEMORY_CONTINUE,
	MIPI_DCS_GET_SCANLINE,
	MIPI_DCS_GET_DISPLAY_BRIGHTNESS,
	MIPI_DCS_GET_CONTROL_DISPLAY,
	MIPI_DCS_GET_POWER_SAVE,
	MIPI_DCS_GET_CABC_MIN_BRIGHTNESS,
	MIPI_DCS_READ_DDB_START,
	MIPI_DCS_READ_DDB_CONTINUE,
	0, /* sentinel */
};

static bool mipi_dbi_command_is_read(struct mipi_dbi *dbi, u8 cmd)
{
	unsigned int i;

	if (!dbi->read_commands)
		return false;

	for (i = 0; i < 0xff; i++) {
		if (!dbi->read_commands[i])
			return false;
		if (cmd == dbi->read_commands[i])
			return true;
	}

	return false;
}

/**
 * mipi_dbi_command_read - MIPI DCS read command
 * @dbi: MIPI DBI structure
 * @cmd: Command
 * @val: Value read
 *
 * Send MIPI DCS read command to the controller.
 *
 * Returns:
 * Zero on success, negative error code on failure.
 */
int mipi_dbi_command_read(struct mipi_dbi *dbi, u8 cmd, u8 *val)
{
	if (!dbi->read_commands)
		return -EACCES;

	if (!mipi_dbi_command_is_read(dbi, cmd))
		return -EINVAL;

	return mipi_dbi_command_buf(dbi, cmd, val, 1);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_command_read);

/**
 * mipi_dbi_command_buf - MIPI DCS command with parameter(s) in an array
 * @dbi: MIPI DBI structure
 * @cmd: Command
 * @data: Parameter buffer
 * @len: Buffer length
 *
 * Returns:
 * Zero on success, negative error code on failure.
 */
int mipi_dbi_command_buf(struct mipi_dbi *dbi, u8 cmd, u8 *data, size_t len)
{
	u8 *cmdbuf;
	int ret;

	/* SPI requires dma-safe buffers */
	cmdbuf = kmemdup(&cmd, 1, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!cmdbuf)
		return -ENOMEM;

	mutex_lock(&dbi->cmdlock);
	ret = dbi->command(dbi, cmdbuf, data, len);
	mutex_unlock(&dbi->cmdlock);

	kfree(cmdbuf);

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_command_buf);

/* This should only be used by mipi_dbi_command() */
int mipi_dbi_command_stackbuf(struct mipi_dbi *dbi, u8 cmd, const u8 *data,
			      size_t len)
{
	u8 *buf;
	int ret;

	buf = kmemdup(data, len, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!buf)
		return -ENOMEM;

	ret = mipi_dbi_command_buf(dbi, cmd, buf, len);

	kfree(buf);

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_command_stackbuf);

/**
 * mipi_dbi_buf_copy - Copy a framebuffer, transforming it if necessary
 * @dst: The destination buffer
 * @fb: The source framebuffer
 * @clip: Clipping rectangle of the area to be copied
 * @swap: When true, swap MSB/LSB of 16-bit values
 *
 * Returns:
 * Zero on success, negative error code on failure.
 */
int mipi_dbi_buf_copy(void *dst, struct drm_framebuffer *fb,
		      struct drm_rect *clip, bool swap)
{
	struct drm_gem_object *gem = drm_gem_fb_get_obj(fb, 0);
	struct drm_gem_cma_object *cma_obj = to_drm_gem_cma_obj(gem);
	struct dma_buf_attachment *import_attach = gem->import_attach;
	struct drm_format_name_buf format_name;
	void *src = cma_obj->vaddr;
	int ret = 0;

	if (import_attach) {
		ret = dma_buf_begin_cpu_access(import_attach->dmabuf,
					       DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
	}

	switch (fb->format->format) {
	case DRM_FORMAT_RGB565:
		if (swap)
			drm_fb_swab(dst, src, fb, clip, !import_attach);
		else
			drm_fb_memcpy(dst, src, fb, clip);
		break;
	case DRM_FORMAT_XRGB8888:
		drm_fb_xrgb8888_to_rgb565(dst, src, fb, clip, swap);
		break;
	default:
		drm_err_once(fb->dev, "Format is not supported: %s\n",
			     drm_get_format_name(fb->format->format, &format_name));
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (import_attach)
		ret = dma_buf_end_cpu_access(import_attach->dmabuf,
					     DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_buf_copy);

static void mipi_dbi_set_window_address(struct mipi_dbi_dev *dbidev,
					unsigned int xs, unsigned int xe,
					unsigned int ys, unsigned int ye)
{
	struct mipi_dbi *dbi = &dbidev->dbi;

	xs += dbidev->left_offset;
	xe += dbidev->left_offset;
	ys += dbidev->top_offset;
	ye += dbidev->top_offset;

	mipi_dbi_command(dbi, MIPI_DCS_SET_COLUMN_ADDRESS, (xs >> 8) & 0xff,
			 xs & 0xff, (xe >> 8) & 0xff, xe & 0xff);
	mipi_dbi_command(dbi, MIPI_DCS_SET_PAGE_ADDRESS, (ys >> 8) & 0xff,
			 ys & 0xff, (ye >> 8) & 0xff, ye & 0xff);
}

static void mipi_dbi_fb_dirty(struct drm_framebuffer *fb, struct drm_rect *rect)
{
	struct drm_gem_object *gem = drm_gem_fb_get_obj(fb, 0);
	struct drm_gem_cma_object *cma_obj = to_drm_gem_cma_obj(gem);
	struct mipi_dbi_dev *dbidev = drm_to_mipi_dbi_dev(fb->dev);
	unsigned int height = rect->y2 - rect->y1;
	unsigned int width = rect->x2 - rect->x1;
	struct mipi_dbi *dbi = &dbidev->dbi;
	bool swap = dbi->swap_bytes;
	int idx, ret = 0;
	bool full;
	void *tr;

	if (WARN_ON(!fb))
		return;

	if (!drm_dev_enter(fb->dev, &idx))
		return;

	full = width == fb->width && height == fb->height;

	DRM_DEBUG_KMS("Flushing [FB:%d] " DRM_RECT_FMT "\n", fb->base.id, DRM_RECT_ARG(rect));

	if (!dbi->dc || !full || swap ||
	    fb->format->format == DRM_FORMAT_XRGB8888) {
		tr = dbidev->tx_buf;
		ret = mipi_dbi_buf_copy(dbidev->tx_buf, fb, rect, swap);
		if (ret)
			goto err_msg;
	} else {
		tr = cma_obj->vaddr;
	}

	mipi_dbi_set_window_address(dbidev, rect->x1, rect->x2 - 1, rect->y1,
				    rect->y2 - 1);

	ret = mipi_dbi_command_buf(dbi, MIPI_DCS_WRITE_MEMORY_START, tr,
				   width * height * 2);
err_msg:
	if (ret)
		drm_err_once(fb->dev, "Failed to update display %d\n", ret);

	drm_dev_exit(idx);
}

/**
 * mipi_dbi_pipe_update - Display pipe update helper
 * @pipe: Simple display pipe
 * @old_state: Old plane state
 *
 * This function handles framebuffer flushing and vblank events. Drivers can use
 * this as their &drm_simple_display_pipe_funcs->update callback.
 */
void mipi_dbi_pipe_update(struct drm_simple_display_pipe *pipe,
			  struct drm_plane_state *old_state)
{
	struct drm_plane_state *state = pipe->plane.state;
	struct drm_rect rect;

	if (!pipe->crtc.state->active)
		return;

	if (drm_atomic_helper_damage_merged(old_state, state, &rect))
		mipi_dbi_fb_dirty(state->fb, &rect);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_pipe_update);

/**
 * mipi_dbi_enable_flush - MIPI DBI enable helper
 * @dbidev: MIPI DBI device structure
 * @crtc_state: CRTC state
 * @plane_state: Plane state
 *
 * Flushes the whole framebuffer and enables the backlight. Drivers can use this
 * in their &drm_simple_display_pipe_funcs->enable callback.
 *
 * Note: Drivers which don't use mipi_dbi_pipe_update() because they have custom
 * framebuffer flushing, can't use this function since they both use the same
 * flushing code.
 */
void mipi_dbi_enable_flush(struct mipi_dbi_dev *dbidev,
			   struct drm_crtc_state *crtc_state,
			   struct drm_plane_state *plane_state)
{
	struct drm_framebuffer *fb = plane_state->fb;
	struct drm_rect rect = {
		.x1 = 0,
		.x2 = fb->width,
		.y1 = 0,
		.y2 = fb->height,
	};
	int idx;

	if (!drm_dev_enter(&dbidev->drm, &idx))
		return;

	mipi_dbi_fb_dirty(fb, &rect);
	backlight_enable(dbidev->backlight);

	drm_dev_exit(idx);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_enable_flush);

static void mipi_dbi_blank(struct mipi_dbi_dev *dbidev)
{
	struct drm_device *drm = &dbidev->drm;
	u16 height = drm->mode_config.min_height;
	u16 width = drm->mode_config.min_width;
	struct mipi_dbi *dbi = &dbidev->dbi;
	size_t len = width * height * 2;
	int idx;

	if (!drm_dev_enter(drm, &idx))
		return;

	memset(dbidev->tx_buf, 0, len);

	mipi_dbi_set_window_address(dbidev, 0, width - 1, 0, height - 1);
	mipi_dbi_command_buf(dbi, MIPI_DCS_WRITE_MEMORY_START,
			     (u8 *)dbidev->tx_buf, len);

	drm_dev_exit(idx);
}

/**
 * mipi_dbi_pipe_disable - MIPI DBI pipe disable helper
 * @pipe: Display pipe
 *
 * This function disables backlight if present, if not the display memory is
 * blanked. The regulator is disabled if in use. Drivers can use this as their
 * &drm_simple_display_pipe_funcs->disable callback.
 */
void mipi_dbi_pipe_disable(struct drm_simple_display_pipe *pipe)
{
	struct mipi_dbi_dev *dbidev = drm_to_mipi_dbi_dev(pipe->crtc.dev);

	DRM_DEBUG_KMS("\n");

	if (dbidev->backlight)
		backlight_disable(dbidev->backlight);
	else
		mipi_dbi_blank(dbidev);

	if (dbidev->regulator)
		regulator_disable(dbidev->regulator);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_pipe_disable);

static int mipi_dbi_connector_get_modes(struct drm_connector *connector)
{
	struct mipi_dbi_dev *dbidev = drm_to_mipi_dbi_dev(connector->dev);
	struct drm_display_mode *mode;

	mode = drm_mode_duplicate(connector->dev, &dbidev->mode);
	if (!mode) {
		DRM_ERROR("Failed to duplicate mode\n");
		return 0;
	}

	if (mode->name[0] == '\0')
		drm_mode_set_name(mode);

	mode->type |= DRM_MODE_TYPE_PREFERRED;
	drm_mode_probed_add(connector, mode);

	if (mode->width_mm) {
		connector->display_info.width_mm = mode->width_mm;
		connector->display_info.height_mm = mode->height_mm;
	}

	return 1;
}

static const struct drm_connector_helper_funcs mipi_dbi_connector_hfuncs = {
	.get_modes = mipi_dbi_connector_get_modes,
};

static const struct drm_connector_funcs mipi_dbi_connector_funcs = {
	.reset = drm_atomic_helper_connector_reset,
	.fill_modes = drm_helper_probe_single_connector_modes,
	.destroy = drm_connector_cleanup,
	.atomic_duplicate_state = drm_atomic_helper_connector_duplicate_state,
	.atomic_destroy_state = drm_atomic_helper_connector_destroy_state,
};

static int mipi_dbi_rotate_mode(struct drm_display_mode *mode,
				unsigned int rotation)
{
	if (rotation == 0 || rotation == 180) {
		return 0;
	} else if (rotation == 90 || rotation == 270) {
		swap(mode->hdisplay, mode->vdisplay);
		swap(mode->hsync_start, mode->vsync_start);
		swap(mode->hsync_end, mode->vsync_end);
		swap(mode->htotal, mode->vtotal);
		swap(mode->width_mm, mode->height_mm);
		return 0;
	} else {
		return -EINVAL;
	}
}

static const struct drm_mode_config_funcs mipi_dbi_mode_config_funcs = {
	.fb_create = drm_gem_fb_create_with_dirty,
	.atomic_check = drm_atomic_helper_check,
	.atomic_commit = drm_atomic_helper_commit,
};

static const uint32_t mipi_dbi_formats[] = {
	DRM_FORMAT_RGB565,
	DRM_FORMAT_XRGB8888,
};

/**
 * mipi_dbi_dev_init_with_formats - MIPI DBI device initialization with custom formats
 * @dbidev: MIPI DBI device structure to initialize
 * @funcs: Display pipe functions
 * @formats: Array of supported formats (DRM_FORMAT\_\*).
 * @format_count: Number of elements in @formats
 * @mode: Display mode
 * @rotation: Initial rotation in degrees Counter Clock Wise
 * @tx_buf_size: Allocate a transmit buffer of this size.
 *
 * This function sets up a &drm_simple_display_pipe with a &drm_connector that
 * has one fixed &drm_display_mode which is rotated according to @rotation.
 * This mode is used to set the mode config min/max width/height properties.
 *
 * Use mipi_dbi_dev_init() if you don't need custom formats.
 *
 * Note:
 * Some of the helper functions expects RGB565 to be the default format and the
 * transmit buffer sized to fit that.
 *
 * Returns:
 * Zero on success, negative error code on failure.
 */
int mipi_dbi_dev_init_with_formats(struct mipi_dbi_dev *dbidev,
				   const struct drm_simple_display_pipe_funcs *funcs,
				   const uint32_t *formats, unsigned int format_count,
				   const struct drm_display_mode *mode,
				   unsigned int rotation, size_t tx_buf_size)
{
	static const uint64_t modifiers[] = {
		DRM_FORMAT_MOD_LINEAR,
		DRM_FORMAT_MOD_INVALID
	};
	struct drm_device *drm = &dbidev->drm;
	int ret;

	if (!dbidev->dbi.command)
		return -EINVAL;

	ret = drmm_mode_config_init(drm);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	dbidev->tx_buf = devm_kmalloc(drm->dev, tx_buf_size, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!dbidev->tx_buf)
		return -ENOMEM;

	drm_mode_copy(&dbidev->mode, mode);
	ret = mipi_dbi_rotate_mode(&dbidev->mode, rotation);
	if (ret) {
		DRM_ERROR("Illegal rotation value %u\n", rotation);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	drm_connector_helper_add(&dbidev->connector, &mipi_dbi_connector_hfuncs);
	ret = drm_connector_init(drm, &dbidev->connector, &mipi_dbi_connector_funcs,
				 DRM_MODE_CONNECTOR_SPI);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	ret = drm_simple_display_pipe_init(drm, &dbidev->pipe, funcs, formats, format_count,
					   modifiers, &dbidev->connector);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	drm_plane_enable_fb_damage_clips(&dbidev->pipe.plane);

	drm->mode_config.funcs = &mipi_dbi_mode_config_funcs;
	drm->mode_config.min_width = dbidev->mode.hdisplay;
	drm->mode_config.max_width = dbidev->mode.hdisplay;
	drm->mode_config.min_height = dbidev->mode.vdisplay;
	drm->mode_config.max_height = dbidev->mode.vdisplay;
	dbidev->rotation = rotation;

	DRM_DEBUG_KMS("rotation = %u\n", rotation);

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_dev_init_with_formats);

/**
 * mipi_dbi_dev_init - MIPI DBI device initialization
 * @dbidev: MIPI DBI device structure to initialize
 * @funcs: Display pipe functions
 * @mode: Display mode
 * @rotation: Initial rotation in degrees Counter Clock Wise
 *
 * This function sets up a &drm_simple_display_pipe with a &drm_connector that
 * has one fixed &drm_display_mode which is rotated according to @rotation.
 * This mode is used to set the mode config min/max width/height properties.
 * Additionally &mipi_dbi.tx_buf is allocated.
 *
 * Supported formats: Native RGB565 and emulated XRGB8888.
 *
 * Returns:
 * Zero on success, negative error code on failure.
 */
int mipi_dbi_dev_init(struct mipi_dbi_dev *dbidev,
		      const struct drm_simple_display_pipe_funcs *funcs,
		      const struct drm_display_mode *mode, unsigned int rotation)
{
	size_t bufsize = mode->vdisplay * mode->hdisplay * sizeof(u16);

	dbidev->drm.mode_config.preferred_depth = 16;

	return mipi_dbi_dev_init_with_formats(dbidev, funcs, mipi_dbi_formats,
					      ARRAY_SIZE(mipi_dbi_formats), mode,
					      rotation, bufsize);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_dev_init);

/**
 * mipi_dbi_hw_reset - Hardware reset of controller
 * @dbi: MIPI DBI structure
 *
 * Reset controller if the &mipi_dbi->reset gpio is set.
 */
void mipi_dbi_hw_reset(struct mipi_dbi *dbi)
{
	if (!dbi->reset)
		return;

	gpiod_set_value_cansleep(dbi->reset, 0);
	usleep_range(20, 1000);
	gpiod_set_value_cansleep(dbi->reset, 1);
	msleep(120);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_hw_reset);

/**
 * mipi_dbi_display_is_on - Check if display is on
 * @dbi: MIPI DBI structure
 *
 * This function checks the Power Mode register (if readable) to see if
 * display output is turned on. This can be used to see if the bootloader
 * has already turned on the display avoiding flicker when the pipeline is
 * enabled.
 *
 * Returns:
 * true if the display can be verified to be on, false otherwise.
 */
bool mipi_dbi_display_is_on(struct mipi_dbi *dbi)
{
	u8 val;

	if (mipi_dbi_command_read(dbi, MIPI_DCS_GET_POWER_MODE, &val))
		return false;

	val &= ~DCS_POWER_MODE_RESERVED_MASK;

	/* The poweron/reset value is 08h DCS_POWER_MODE_DISPLAY_NORMAL_MODE */
	if (val != (DCS_POWER_MODE_DISPLAY |
	    DCS_POWER_MODE_DISPLAY_NORMAL_MODE | DCS_POWER_MODE_SLEEP_MODE))
		return false;

	DRM_DEBUG_DRIVER("Display is ON\n");

	return true;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_display_is_on);

static int mipi_dbi_poweron_reset_conditional(struct mipi_dbi_dev *dbidev, bool cond)
{
	struct device *dev = dbidev->drm.dev;
	struct mipi_dbi *dbi = &dbidev->dbi;
	int ret;

	if (dbidev->regulator) {
		ret = regulator_enable(dbidev->regulator);
		if (ret) {
			DRM_DEV_ERROR(dev, "Failed to enable regulator (%d)\n", ret);
			return ret;
		}
	}

	if (cond && mipi_dbi_display_is_on(dbi))
		return 1;

	mipi_dbi_hw_reset(dbi);
	ret = mipi_dbi_command(dbi, MIPI_DCS_SOFT_RESET);
	if (ret) {
		DRM_DEV_ERROR(dev, "Failed to send reset command (%d)\n", ret);
		if (dbidev->regulator)
			regulator_disable(dbidev->regulator);
		return ret;
	}

	/*
	 * If we did a hw reset, we know the controller is in Sleep mode and
	 * per MIPI DSC spec should wait 5ms after soft reset. If we didn't,
	 * we assume worst case and wait 120ms.
	 */
	if (dbi->reset)
		usleep_range(5000, 20000);
	else
		msleep(120);

	return 0;
}

/**
 * mipi_dbi_poweron_reset - MIPI DBI poweron and reset
 * @dbidev: MIPI DBI device structure
 *
 * This function enables the regulator if used and does a hardware and software
 * reset.
 *
 * Returns:
 * Zero on success, or a negative error code.
 */
int mipi_dbi_poweron_reset(struct mipi_dbi_dev *dbidev)
{
	return mipi_dbi_poweron_reset_conditional(dbidev, false);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_poweron_reset);

/**
 * mipi_dbi_poweron_conditional_reset - MIPI DBI poweron and conditional reset
 * @dbidev: MIPI DBI device structure
 *
 * This function enables the regulator if used and if the display is off, it
 * does a hardware and software reset. If mipi_dbi_display_is_on() determines
 * that the display is on, no reset is performed.
 *
 * Returns:
 * Zero if the controller was reset, 1 if the display was already on, or a
 * negative error code.
 */
int mipi_dbi_poweron_conditional_reset(struct mipi_dbi_dev *dbidev)
{
	return mipi_dbi_poweron_reset_conditional(dbidev, true);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_poweron_conditional_reset);

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SPI)

/**
 * mipi_dbi_spi_cmd_max_speed - get the maximum SPI bus speed
 * @spi: SPI device
 * @len: The transfer buffer length.
 *
 * Many controllers have a max speed of 10MHz, but can be pushed way beyond
 * that. Increase reliability by running pixel data at max speed and the rest
 * at 10MHz, preventing transfer glitches from messing up the init settings.
 */
u32 mipi_dbi_spi_cmd_max_speed(struct spi_device *spi, size_t len)
{
	if (len > 64)
		return 0; /* use default */

	return min_t(u32, 10000000, spi->max_speed_hz);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_spi_cmd_max_speed);

static bool mipi_dbi_machine_little_endian(void)
{
#if defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN)
	return true;
#else
	return false;
#endif
}

/*
 * MIPI DBI Type C Option 1
 *
 * If the SPI controller doesn't have 9 bits per word support,
 * use blocks of 9 bytes to send 8x 9-bit words using a 8-bit SPI transfer.
 * Pad partial blocks with MIPI_DCS_NOP (zero).
 * This is how the D/C bit (x) is added:
 *     x7654321
 *     0x765432
 *     10x76543
 *     210x7654
 *     3210x765
 *     43210x76
 *     543210x7
 *     6543210x
 *     76543210
 */

static int mipi_dbi_spi1e_transfer(struct mipi_dbi *dbi, int dc,
				   const void *buf, size_t len,
				   unsigned int bpw)
{
	bool swap_bytes = (bpw == 16 && mipi_dbi_machine_little_endian());
	size_t chunk, max_chunk = dbi->tx_buf9_len;
	struct spi_device *spi = dbi->spi;
	struct spi_transfer tr = {
		.tx_buf = dbi->tx_buf9,
		.bits_per_word = 8,
	};
	struct spi_message m;
	const u8 *src = buf;
	int i, ret;
	u8 *dst;

	if (drm_debug_enabled(DRM_UT_DRIVER))
		pr_debug("[drm:%s] dc=%d, max_chunk=%zu, transfers:\n",
			 __func__, dc, max_chunk);

	tr.speed_hz = mipi_dbi_spi_cmd_max_speed(spi, len);
	spi_message_init_with_transfers(&m, &tr, 1);

	if (!dc) {
		if (WARN_ON_ONCE(len != 1))
			return -EINVAL;

		/* Command: pad no-op's (zeroes) at beginning of block */
		dst = dbi->tx_buf9;
		memset(dst, 0, 9);
		dst[8] = *src;
		tr.len = 9;

		return spi_sync(spi, &m);
	}

	/* max with room for adding one bit per byte */
	max_chunk = max_chunk / 9 * 8;
	/* but no bigger than len */
	max_chunk = min(max_chunk, len);
	/* 8 byte blocks */
	max_chunk = max_t(size_t, 8, max_chunk & ~0x7);

	while (len) {
		size_t added = 0;

		chunk = min(len, max_chunk);
		len -= chunk;
		dst = dbi->tx_buf9;

		if (chunk < 8) {
			u8 val, carry = 0;

			/* Data: pad no-op's (zeroes) at end of block */
			memset(dst, 0, 9);

			if (swap_bytes) {
				for (i = 1; i < (chunk + 1); i++) {
					val = src[1];
					*dst++ = carry | BIT(8 - i) | (val >> i);
					carry = val << (8 - i);
					i++;
					val = src[0];
					*dst++ = carry | BIT(8 - i) | (val >> i);
					carry = val << (8 - i);
					src += 2;
				}
				*dst++ = carry;
			} else {
				for (i = 1; i < (chunk + 1); i++) {
					val = *src++;
					*dst++ = carry | BIT(8 - i) | (val >> i);
					carry = val << (8 - i);
				}
				*dst++ = carry;
			}

			chunk = 8;
			added = 1;
		} else {
			for (i = 0; i < chunk; i += 8) {
				if (swap_bytes) {
					*dst++ =                 BIT(7) | (src[1] >> 1);
					*dst++ = (src[1] << 7) | BIT(6) | (src[0] >> 2);
					*dst++ = (src[0] << 6) | BIT(5) | (src[3] >> 3);
					*dst++ = (src[3] << 5) | BIT(4) | (src[2] >> 4);
					*dst++ = (src[2] << 4) | BIT(3) | (src[5] >> 5);
					*dst++ = (src[5] << 3) | BIT(2) | (src[4] >> 6);
					*dst++ = (src[4] << 2) | BIT(1) | (src[7] >> 7);
					*dst++ = (src[7] << 1) | BIT(0);
					*dst++ = src[6];
				} else {
					*dst++ =                 BIT(7) | (src[0] >> 1);
					*dst++ = (src[0] << 7) | BIT(6) | (src[1] >> 2);
					*dst++ = (src[1] << 6) | BIT(5) | (src[2] >> 3);
					*dst++ = (src[2] << 5) | BIT(4) | (src[3] >> 4);
					*dst++ = (src[3] << 4) | BIT(3) | (src[4] >> 5);
					*dst++ = (src[4] << 3) | BIT(2) | (src[5] >> 6);
					*dst++ = (src[5] << 2) | BIT(1) | (src[6] >> 7);
					*dst++ = (src[6] << 1) | BIT(0);
					*dst++ = src[7];
				}

				src += 8;
				added++;
			}
		}

		tr.len = chunk + added;

		ret = spi_sync(spi, &m);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int mipi_dbi_spi1_transfer(struct mipi_dbi *dbi, int dc,
				  const void *buf, size_t len,
				  unsigned int bpw)
{
	struct spi_device *spi = dbi->spi;
	struct spi_transfer tr = {
		.bits_per_word = 9,
	};
	const u16 *src16 = buf;
	const u8 *src8 = buf;
	struct spi_message m;
	size_t max_chunk;
	u16 *dst16;
	int ret;

	if (!spi_is_bpw_supported(spi, 9))
		return mipi_dbi_spi1e_transfer(dbi, dc, buf, len, bpw);

	tr.speed_hz = mipi_dbi_spi_cmd_max_speed(spi, len);
	max_chunk = dbi->tx_buf9_len;
	dst16 = dbi->tx_buf9;

	if (drm_debug_enabled(DRM_UT_DRIVER))
		pr_debug("[drm:%s] dc=%d, max_chunk=%zu, transfers:\n",
			 __func__, dc, max_chunk);

	max_chunk = min(max_chunk / 2, len);

	spi_message_init_with_transfers(&m, &tr, 1);
	tr.tx_buf = dst16;

	while (len) {
		size_t chunk = min(len, max_chunk);
		unsigned int i;

		if (bpw == 16 && mipi_dbi_machine_little_endian()) {
			for (i = 0; i < (chunk * 2); i += 2) {
				dst16[i]     = *src16 >> 8;
				dst16[i + 1] = *src16++ & 0xFF;
				if (dc) {
					dst16[i]     |= 0x0100;
					dst16[i + 1] |= 0x0100;
				}
			}
		} else {
			for (i = 0; i < chunk; i++) {
				dst16[i] = *src8++;
				if (dc)
					dst16[i] |= 0x0100;
			}
		}

		tr.len = chunk * 2;
		len -= chunk;

		ret = spi_sync(spi, &m);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int mipi_dbi_typec1_command(struct mipi_dbi *dbi, u8 *cmd,
				   u8 *parameters, size_t num)
{
	unsigned int bpw = (*cmd == MIPI_DCS_WRITE_MEMORY_START) ? 16 : 8;
	int ret;

	if (mipi_dbi_command_is_read(dbi, *cmd))
		return -EOPNOTSUPP;

	MIPI_DBI_DEBUG_COMMAND(*cmd, parameters, num);

	ret = mipi_dbi_spi1_transfer(dbi, 0, cmd, 1, 8);
	if (ret || !num)
		return ret;

	return mipi_dbi_spi1_transfer(dbi, 1, parameters, num, bpw);
}

/* MIPI DBI Type C Option 3 */

static int mipi_dbi_typec3_command_read(struct mipi_dbi *dbi, u8 *cmd,
					u8 *data, size_t len)
{
	struct spi_device *spi = dbi->spi;
	u32 speed_hz = min_t(u32, MIPI_DBI_MAX_SPI_READ_SPEED,
			     spi->max_speed_hz / 2);
	struct spi_transfer tr[2] = {
		{
			.speed_hz = speed_hz,
			.tx_buf = cmd,
			.len = 1,
		}, {
			.speed_hz = speed_hz,
			.len = len,
		},
	};
	struct spi_message m;
	u8 *buf;
	int ret;

	if (!len)
		return -EINVAL;

	/*
	 * Support non-standard 24-bit and 32-bit Nokia read commands which
	 * start with a dummy clock, so we need to read an extra byte.
	 */
	if (*cmd == MIPI_DCS_GET_DISPLAY_ID ||
	    *cmd == MIPI_DCS_GET_DISPLAY_STATUS) {
		if (!(len == 3 || len == 4))
			return -EINVAL;

		tr[1].len = len + 1;
	}

	buf = kmalloc(tr[1].len, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!buf)
		return -ENOMEM;

	tr[1].rx_buf = buf;
	gpiod_set_value_cansleep(dbi->dc, 0);

	spi_message_init_with_transfers(&m, tr, ARRAY_SIZE(tr));
	ret = spi_sync(spi, &m);
	if (ret)
		goto err_free;

	if (tr[1].len == len) {
		memcpy(data, buf, len);
	} else {
		unsigned int i;

		for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
			data[i] = (buf[i] << 1) | (buf[i + 1] >> 7);
	}

	MIPI_DBI_DEBUG_COMMAND(*cmd, data, len);

err_free:
	kfree(buf);

	return ret;
}

static int mipi_dbi_typec3_command(struct mipi_dbi *dbi, u8 *cmd,
				   u8 *par, size_t num)
{
	struct spi_device *spi = dbi->spi;
	unsigned int bpw = 8;
	u32 speed_hz;
	int ret;

	if (mipi_dbi_command_is_read(dbi, *cmd))
		return mipi_dbi_typec3_command_read(dbi, cmd, par, num);

	MIPI_DBI_DEBUG_COMMAND(*cmd, par, num);

	gpiod_set_value_cansleep(dbi->dc, 0);
	speed_hz = mipi_dbi_spi_cmd_max_speed(spi, 1);
	ret = mipi_dbi_spi_transfer(spi, speed_hz, 8, cmd, 1);
	if (ret || !num)
		return ret;

	if (*cmd == MIPI_DCS_WRITE_MEMORY_START && !dbi->swap_bytes)
		bpw = 16;

	gpiod_set_value_cansleep(dbi->dc, 1);
	speed_hz = mipi_dbi_spi_cmd_max_speed(spi, num);

	return mipi_dbi_spi_transfer(spi, speed_hz, bpw, par, num);
}

/**
 * mipi_dbi_spi_init - Initialize MIPI DBI SPI interface
 * @spi: SPI device
 * @dbi: MIPI DBI structure to initialize
 * @dc: D/C gpio (optional)
 *
 * This function sets &mipi_dbi->command, enables &mipi_dbi->read_commands for the
 * usual read commands. It should be followed by a call to mipi_dbi_dev_init() or
 * a driver-specific init.
 *
 * If @dc is set, a Type C Option 3 interface is assumed, if not
 * Type C Option 1.
 *
 * If the SPI master driver doesn't support the necessary bits per word,
 * the following transformation is used:
 *
 * - 9-bit: reorder buffer as 9x 8-bit words, padded with no-op command.
 * - 16-bit: if big endian send as 8-bit, if little endian swap bytes
 *
 * Returns:
 * Zero on success, negative error code on failure.
 */
int mipi_dbi_spi_init(struct spi_device *spi, struct mipi_dbi *dbi,
		      struct gpio_desc *dc)
{
	struct device *dev = &spi->dev;
	int ret;

	/*
	 * Even though it's not the SPI device that does DMA (the master does),
	 * the dma mask is necessary for the dma_alloc_wc() in
	 * drm_gem_cma_create(). The dma_addr returned will be a physical
	 * address which might be different from the bus address, but this is
	 * not a problem since the address will not be used.
	 * The virtual address is used in the transfer and the SPI core
	 * re-maps it on the SPI master device using the DMA streaming API
	 * (spi_map_buf()).
	 */
	if (!dev->coherent_dma_mask) {
		ret = dma_coerce_mask_and_coherent(dev, DMA_BIT_MASK(32));
		if (ret) {
			dev_warn(dev, "Failed to set dma mask %d\n", ret);
			return ret;
		}
	}

	dbi->spi = spi;
	dbi->read_commands = mipi_dbi_dcs_read_commands;

	if (dc) {
		dbi->command = mipi_dbi_typec3_command;
		dbi->dc = dc;
		if (mipi_dbi_machine_little_endian() && !spi_is_bpw_supported(spi, 16))
			dbi->swap_bytes = true;
	} else {
		dbi->command = mipi_dbi_typec1_command;
		dbi->tx_buf9_len = SZ_16K;
		dbi->tx_buf9 = devm_kmalloc(dev, dbi->tx_buf9_len, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!dbi->tx_buf9)
			return -ENOMEM;
	}

	mutex_init(&dbi->cmdlock);

	DRM_DEBUG_DRIVER("SPI speed: %uMHz\n", spi->max_speed_hz / 1000000);

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_spi_init);

/**
 * mipi_dbi_spi_transfer - SPI transfer helper
 * @spi: SPI device
 * @speed_hz: Override speed (optional)
 * @bpw: Bits per word
 * @buf: Buffer to transfer
 * @len: Buffer length
 *
 * This SPI transfer helper breaks up the transfer of @buf into chunks which
 * the SPI controller driver can handle.
 *
 * Returns:
 * Zero on success, negative error code on failure.
 */
int mipi_dbi_spi_transfer(struct spi_device *spi, u32 speed_hz,
			  u8 bpw, const void *buf, size_t len)
{
	size_t max_chunk = spi_max_transfer_size(spi);
	struct spi_transfer tr = {
		.bits_per_word = bpw,
		.speed_hz = speed_hz,
	};
	struct spi_message m;
	size_t chunk;
	int ret;

	spi_message_init_with_transfers(&m, &tr, 1);

	while (len) {
		chunk = min(len, max_chunk);

		tr.tx_buf = buf;
		tr.len = chunk;
		buf += chunk;
		len -= chunk;

		ret = spi_sync(spi, &m);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
	}

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_spi_transfer);

#endif /* CONFIG_SPI */

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS

static ssize_t mipi_dbi_debugfs_command_write(struct file *file,
					      const char __user *ubuf,
					      size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
	struct seq_file *m = file->private_data;
	struct mipi_dbi_dev *dbidev = m->private;
	u8 val, cmd = 0, parameters[64];
	char *buf, *pos, *token;
	int i, ret, idx;

	if (!drm_dev_enter(&dbidev->drm, &idx))
		return -ENODEV;

	buf = memdup_user_nul(ubuf, count);
	if (IS_ERR(buf)) {
		ret = PTR_ERR(buf);
		goto err_exit;
	}

	/* strip trailing whitespace */
	for (i = count - 1; i > 0; i--)
		if (isspace(buf[i]))
			buf[i] = '\0';
		else
			break;
	i = 0;
	pos = buf;
	while (pos) {
		token = strsep(&pos, " ");
		if (!token) {
			ret = -EINVAL;
			goto err_free;
		}

		ret = kstrtou8(token, 16, &val);
		if (ret < 0)
			goto err_free;

		if (token == buf)
			cmd = val;
		else
			parameters[i++] = val;

		if (i == 64) {
			ret = -E2BIG;
			goto err_free;
		}
	}

	ret = mipi_dbi_command_buf(&dbidev->dbi, cmd, parameters, i);

err_free:
	kfree(buf);
err_exit:
	drm_dev_exit(idx);

	return ret < 0 ? ret : count;
}

static int mipi_dbi_debugfs_command_show(struct seq_file *m, void *unused)
{
	struct mipi_dbi_dev *dbidev = m->private;
	struct mipi_dbi *dbi = &dbidev->dbi;
	u8 cmd, val[4];
	int ret, idx;
	size_t len;

	if (!drm_dev_enter(&dbidev->drm, &idx))
		return -ENODEV;

	for (cmd = 0; cmd < 255; cmd++) {
		if (!mipi_dbi_command_is_read(dbi, cmd))
			continue;

		switch (cmd) {
		case MIPI_DCS_READ_MEMORY_START:
		case MIPI_DCS_READ_MEMORY_CONTINUE:
			len = 2;
			break;
		case MIPI_DCS_GET_DISPLAY_ID:
			len = 3;
			break;
		case MIPI_DCS_GET_DISPLAY_STATUS:
			len = 4;
			break;
		default:
			len = 1;
			break;
		}

		seq_printf(m, "%02x: ", cmd);
		ret = mipi_dbi_command_buf(dbi, cmd, val, len);
		if (ret) {
			seq_puts(m, "XX\n");
			continue;
		}
		seq_printf(m, "%*phN\n", (int)len, val);
	}

	drm_dev_exit(idx);

	return 0;
}

static int mipi_dbi_debugfs_command_open(struct inode *inode,
					 struct file *file)
{
	return single_open(file, mipi_dbi_debugfs_command_show,
			   inode->i_private);
}

static const struct file_operations mipi_dbi_debugfs_command_fops = {
	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
	.open = mipi_dbi_debugfs_command_open,
	.read = seq_read,
	.llseek = seq_lseek,
	.release = single_release,
	.write = mipi_dbi_debugfs_command_write,
};

/**
 * mipi_dbi_debugfs_init - Create debugfs entries
 * @minor: DRM minor
 *
 * This function creates a 'command' debugfs file for sending commands to the
 * controller or getting the read command values.
 * Drivers can use this as their &drm_driver->debugfs_init callback.
 *
 */
void mipi_dbi_debugfs_init(struct drm_minor *minor)
{
	struct mipi_dbi_dev *dbidev = drm_to_mipi_dbi_dev(minor->dev);
	umode_t mode = S_IFREG | S_IWUSR;

	if (dbidev->dbi.read_commands)
		mode |= S_IRUGO;
	debugfs_create_file("command", mode, minor->debugfs_root, dbidev,
			    &mipi_dbi_debugfs_command_fops);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_debugfs_init);

#endif

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL"