123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233343536373839404142434445464748495051525354555657585960616263646566676869707172737475767778798081828384858687888990919293949596979899100101102103104105106107108109110111112113114115116117118119120121122123124125126127128129130131132133134135136137138139140141142143144145146147148149150151152153154155156157158159160161162163164165166167168169170171172173174175176177178179180181182183184185186187188189190191192193194195196197198199200201202203204205206207208209210211212213214215216217218219220221222223224225226227228229230231232233234235236237238239240241242243244245246247248249250251252253254255256257258259260261262263264265266267268269270271272273274275276277278279280281282283284285286287288289290291292293294295296297298299300301302303304305306307308309310311312313314315316317318319320321322323324325326327328329330331332333334335336337338339340341342343344345346347348349350351352353354355356357358359360361362363364365366367368369370371372373374375376377378379380381382383384385386387388389390391392393394395396397398399400401402403404405406407408409410411412413414415416417418419420421422423424425426427428429430431432433434435436437438439440441442443444445446447448449450451452453454455456457458459460461462463464465466467468469470471472473474475476477478479480481482483484485486487488489490491492493494495496497498499500501502503504505506507508509510511512513514515516517518519520521522523524525526527528529530531532533534535536537538539540541542543544545546547548549550551552553554555556557558559560561562563564565566567568569570571572573574575576577578579580581582583584585586587588589590591592593594595596597598599600601602603604605606607608609610611612613614615616617618619620621622623624625626627628629630631632633634635636637638639640641642643644645646647648649650651652653654655656657658659660661662663664665666667668669670671672673674675676677678679680681682683684685686687688689690691/*
 * An i2c driver for the Xicor/Intersil X1205 RTC
 * Copyright 2004 Karen Spearel
 * Copyright 2005 Alessandro Zummo
 *
 * please send all reports to:
 *	Karen Spearel <kas111 at gmail dot com>
 *	Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>
 *
 * based on a lot of other RTC drivers.
 *
 * Information and datasheet:
 * http://www.intersil.com/cda/deviceinfo/0,1477,X1205,00.html
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */

#include <linux/i2c.h>
#include <linux/bcd.h>
#include <linux/rtc.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>

/* offsets into CCR area */

#define CCR_SEC			0
#define CCR_MIN			1
#define CCR_HOUR		2
#define CCR_MDAY		3
#define CCR_MONTH		4
#define CCR_YEAR		5
#define CCR_WDAY		6
#define CCR_Y2K			7

#define X1205_REG_SR		0x3F	/* status register */
#define X1205_REG_Y2K		0x37
#define X1205_REG_DW		0x36
#define X1205_REG_YR		0x35
#define X1205_REG_MO		0x34
#define X1205_REG_DT		0x33
#define X1205_REG_HR		0x32
#define X1205_REG_MN		0x31
#define X1205_REG_SC		0x30
#define X1205_REG_DTR		0x13
#define X1205_REG_ATR		0x12
#define X1205_REG_INT		0x11
#define X1205_REG_0		0x10
#define X1205_REG_Y2K1		0x0F
#define X1205_REG_DWA1		0x0E
#define X1205_REG_YRA1		0x0D
#define X1205_REG_MOA1		0x0C
#define X1205_REG_DTA1		0x0B
#define X1205_REG_HRA1		0x0A
#define X1205_REG_MNA1		0x09
#define X1205_REG_SCA1		0x08
#define X1205_REG_Y2K0		0x07
#define X1205_REG_DWA0		0x06
#define X1205_REG_YRA0		0x05
#define X1205_REG_MOA0		0x04
#define X1205_REG_DTA0		0x03
#define X1205_REG_HRA0		0x02
#define X1205_REG_MNA0		0x01
#define X1205_REG_SCA0		0x00

#define X1205_CCR_BASE		0x30	/* Base address of CCR */
#define X1205_ALM0_BASE		0x00	/* Base address of ALARM0 */

#define X1205_SR_RTCF		0x01	/* Clock failure */
#define X1205_SR_WEL		0x02	/* Write Enable Latch */
#define X1205_SR_RWEL		0x04	/* Register Write Enable */
#define X1205_SR_AL0		0x20	/* Alarm 0 match */

#define X1205_DTR_DTR0		0x01
#define X1205_DTR_DTR1		0x02
#define X1205_DTR_DTR2		0x04

#define X1205_HR_MIL		0x80	/* Set in ccr.hour for 24 hr mode */

#define X1205_INT_AL0E		0x20	/* Alarm 0 enable */

static struct i2c_driver x1205_driver;

/*
 * In the routines that deal directly with the x1205 hardware, we use
 * rtc_time -- month 0-11, hour 0-23, yr = calendar year-epoch
 * Epoch is initialized as 2000. Time is set to UTC.
 */
static int x1205_get_datetime(struct i2c_client *client, struct rtc_time *tm,
				unsigned char reg_base)
{
	unsigned char dt_addr[2] = { 0, reg_base };
	unsigned char buf[8];
	int i;

	struct i2c_msg msgs[] = {
		{/* setup read ptr */
			.addr = client->addr,
			.len = 2,
			.buf = dt_addr
		},
		{/* read date */
			.addr = client->addr,
			.flags = I2C_M_RD,
			.len = 8,
			.buf = buf
		},
	};

	/* read date registers */
	if (i2c_transfer(client->adapter, &msgs[0], 2) != 2) {
		dev_err(&client->dev, "%s: read error\n", __func__);
		return -EIO;
	}

	dev_dbg(&client->dev,
		"%s: raw read data - sec=%02x, min=%02x, hr=%02x, "
		"mday=%02x, mon=%02x, year=%02x, wday=%02x, y2k=%02x\n",
		__func__,
		buf[0], buf[1], buf[2], buf[3],
		buf[4], buf[5], buf[6], buf[7]);

	/* Mask out the enable bits if these are alarm registers */
	if (reg_base < X1205_CCR_BASE)
		for (i = 0; i <= 4; i++)
			buf[i] &= 0x7F;

	tm->tm_sec = bcd2bin(buf[CCR_SEC]);
	tm->tm_min = bcd2bin(buf[CCR_MIN]);
	tm->tm_hour = bcd2bin(buf[CCR_HOUR] & 0x3F); /* hr is 0-23 */
	tm->tm_mday = bcd2bin(buf[CCR_MDAY]);
	tm->tm_mon = bcd2bin(buf[CCR_MONTH]) - 1; /* mon is 0-11 */
	tm->tm_year = bcd2bin(buf[CCR_YEAR])
			+ (bcd2bin(buf[CCR_Y2K]) * 100) - 1900;
	tm->tm_wday = buf[CCR_WDAY];

	dev_dbg(&client->dev, "%s: tm is secs=%d, mins=%d, hours=%d, "
		"mday=%d, mon=%d, year=%d, wday=%d\n",
		__func__,
		tm->tm_sec, tm->tm_min, tm->tm_hour,
		tm->tm_mday, tm->tm_mon, tm->tm_year, tm->tm_wday);

	return 0;
}

static int x1205_get_status(struct i2c_client *client, unsigned char *sr)
{
	static unsigned char sr_addr[2] = { 0, X1205_REG_SR };

	struct i2c_msg msgs[] = {
		{     /* setup read ptr */
			.addr = client->addr,
			.len = 2,
			.buf = sr_addr
		},
		{    /* read status */
			.addr = client->addr,
			.flags = I2C_M_RD,
			.len = 1,
			.buf = sr
		},
	};

	/* read status register */
	if (i2c_transfer(client->adapter, &msgs[0], 2) != 2) {
		dev_err(&client->dev, "%s: read error\n", __func__);
		return -EIO;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int x1205_set_datetime(struct i2c_client *client, struct rtc_time *tm,
			u8 reg_base, unsigned char alm_enable)
{
	int i, xfer;
	unsigned char rdata[10] = { 0, reg_base };
	unsigned char *buf = rdata + 2;

	static const unsigned char wel[3] = { 0, X1205_REG_SR,
						X1205_SR_WEL };

	static const unsigned char rwel[3] = { 0, X1205_REG_SR,
						X1205_SR_WEL | X1205_SR_RWEL };

	static const unsigned char diswe[3] = { 0, X1205_REG_SR, 0 };

	dev_dbg(&client->dev,
		"%s: sec=%d min=%d hour=%d mday=%d mon=%d year=%d wday=%d\n",
		__func__, tm->tm_sec, tm->tm_min, tm->tm_hour, tm->tm_mday,
		tm->tm_mon, tm->tm_year, tm->tm_wday);

	buf[CCR_SEC] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_sec);
	buf[CCR_MIN] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_min);

	/* set hour and 24hr bit */
	buf[CCR_HOUR] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_hour) | X1205_HR_MIL;

	buf[CCR_MDAY] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_mday);

	/* month, 1 - 12 */
	buf[CCR_MONTH] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_mon + 1);

	/* year, since the rtc epoch*/
	buf[CCR_YEAR] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_year % 100);
	buf[CCR_WDAY] = tm->tm_wday & 0x07;
	buf[CCR_Y2K] = bin2bcd((tm->tm_year + 1900) / 100);

	/* If writing alarm registers, set compare bits on registers 0-4 */
	if (reg_base < X1205_CCR_BASE)
		for (i = 0; i <= 4; i++)
			buf[i] |= 0x80;

	/* this sequence is required to unlock the chip */
	xfer = i2c_master_send(client, wel, 3);
	if (xfer != 3) {
		dev_err(&client->dev, "%s: wel - %d\n", __func__, xfer);
		return -EIO;
	}

	xfer = i2c_master_send(client, rwel, 3);
	if (xfer != 3) {
		dev_err(&client->dev, "%s: rwel - %d\n", __func__, xfer);
		return -EIO;
	}

	xfer = i2c_master_send(client, rdata, sizeof(rdata));
	if (xfer != sizeof(rdata)) {
		dev_err(&client->dev,
			"%s: result=%d addr=%02x, data=%02x\n",
			__func__,
			 xfer, rdata[1], rdata[2]);
		return -EIO;
	}

	/* If we wrote to the nonvolatile region, wait 10msec for write cycle*/
	if (reg_base < X1205_CCR_BASE) {
		unsigned char al0e[3] = { 0, X1205_REG_INT, 0 };

		msleep(10);

		/* ...and set or clear the AL0E bit in the INT register */

		/* Need to set RWEL again as the write has cleared it */
		xfer = i2c_master_send(client, rwel, 3);
		if (xfer != 3) {
			dev_err(&client->dev,
				"%s: aloe rwel - %d\n",
				__func__,
				xfer);
			return -EIO;
		}

		if (alm_enable)
			al0e[2] = X1205_INT_AL0E;

		xfer = i2c_master_send(client, al0e, 3);
		if (xfer != 3) {
			dev_err(&client->dev,
				"%s: al0e - %d\n",
				__func__,
				xfer);
			return -EIO;
		}

		/* and wait 10msec again for this write to complete */
		msleep(10);
	}

	/* disable further writes */
	xfer = i2c_master_send(client, diswe, 3);
	if (xfer != 3) {
		dev_err(&client->dev, "%s: diswe - %d\n", __func__, xfer);
		return -EIO;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int x1205_fix_osc(struct i2c_client *client)
{
	int err;
	struct rtc_time tm;

	memset(&tm, 0, sizeof(tm));

	err = x1205_set_datetime(client, &tm, X1205_CCR_BASE, 0);
	if (err < 0)
		dev_err(&client->dev, "unable to restart the oscillator\n");

	return err;
}

static int x1205_get_dtrim(struct i2c_client *client, int *trim)
{
	unsigned char dtr;
	static unsigned char dtr_addr[2] = { 0, X1205_REG_DTR };

	struct i2c_msg msgs[] = {
		{	/* setup read ptr */
			.addr = client->addr,
			.len = 2,
			.buf = dtr_addr
		},
		{      /* read dtr */
			.addr = client->addr,
			.flags = I2C_M_RD,
			.len = 1,
			.buf = &dtr
		},
	};

	/* read dtr register */
	if (i2c_transfer(client->adapter, &msgs[0], 2) != 2) {
		dev_err(&client->dev, "%s: read error\n", __func__);
		return -EIO;
	}

	dev_dbg(&client->dev, "%s: raw dtr=%x\n", __func__, dtr);

	*trim = 0;

	if (dtr & X1205_DTR_DTR0)
		*trim += 20;

	if (dtr & X1205_DTR_DTR1)
		*trim += 10;

	if (dtr & X1205_DTR_DTR2)
		*trim = -*trim;

	return 0;
}

static int x1205_get_atrim(struct i2c_client *client, int *trim)
{
	s8 atr;
	static unsigned char atr_addr[2] = { 0, X1205_REG_ATR };

	struct i2c_msg msgs[] = {
		{/* setup read ptr */
			.addr = client->addr,
			.len = 2,
			.buf = atr_addr
		},
		{/* read atr */
			.addr = client->addr,
			.flags = I2C_M_RD,
			.len = 1,
			.buf = &atr
		},
	};

	/* read atr register */
	if (i2c_transfer(client->adapter, &msgs[0], 2) != 2) {
		dev_err(&client->dev, "%s: read error\n", __func__);
		return -EIO;
	}

	dev_dbg(&client->dev, "%s: raw atr=%x\n", __func__, atr);

	/* atr is a two's complement value on 6 bits,
	 * perform sign extension. The formula is
	 * Catr = (atr * 0.25pF) + 11.00pF.
	 */
	atr = sign_extend32(atr, 5);

	dev_dbg(&client->dev, "%s: raw atr=%x (%d)\n", __func__, atr, atr);

	*trim = (atr * 250) + 11000;

	dev_dbg(&client->dev, "%s: real=%d\n", __func__, *trim);

	return 0;
}

struct x1205_limit {
	unsigned char reg, mask, min, max;
};

static int x1205_validate_client(struct i2c_client *client)
{
	int i, xfer;

	/* Probe array. We will read the register at the specified
	 * address and check if the given bits are zero.
	 */
	static const unsigned char probe_zero_pattern[] = {
		/* register, mask */
		X1205_REG_SR,	0x18,
		X1205_REG_DTR,	0xF8,
		X1205_REG_ATR,	0xC0,
		X1205_REG_INT,	0x18,
		X1205_REG_0,	0xFF,
	};

	static const struct x1205_limit probe_limits_pattern[] = {
		/* register, mask, min, max */
		{ X1205_REG_Y2K,	0xFF,	19,	20	},
		{ X1205_REG_DW,		0xFF,	0,	6	},
		{ X1205_REG_YR,		0xFF,	0,	99	},
		{ X1205_REG_MO,		0xFF,	0,	12	},
		{ X1205_REG_DT,		0xFF,	0,	31	},
		{ X1205_REG_HR,		0x7F,	0,	23	},
		{ X1205_REG_MN,		0xFF,	0,	59	},
		{ X1205_REG_SC,		0xFF,	0,	59	},
		{ X1205_REG_Y2K1,	0xFF,	19,	20	},
		{ X1205_REG_Y2K0,	0xFF,	19,	20	},
	};

	/* check that registers have bits a 0 where expected */
	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(probe_zero_pattern); i += 2) {
		unsigned char buf;

		unsigned char addr[2] = { 0, probe_zero_pattern[i] };

		struct i2c_msg msgs[2] = {
			{
				.addr = client->addr,
				.len = 2,
				.buf = addr
			},
			{
				.addr = client->addr,
				.flags = I2C_M_RD,
				.len = 1,
				.buf = &buf
			},
		};

		xfer = i2c_transfer(client->adapter, msgs, 2);
		if (xfer != 2) {
			dev_err(&client->dev,
				"%s: could not read register %x\n",
				__func__, probe_zero_pattern[i]);

			return -EIO;
		}

		if ((buf & probe_zero_pattern[i+1]) != 0) {
			dev_err(&client->dev,
				"%s: register=%02x, zero pattern=%d, value=%x\n",
				__func__, probe_zero_pattern[i], i, buf);

			return -ENODEV;
		}
	}

	/* check limits (only registers with bcd values) */
	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(probe_limits_pattern); i++) {
		unsigned char reg, value;

		unsigned char addr[2] = { 0, probe_limits_pattern[i].reg };

		struct i2c_msg msgs[2] = {
			{
				.addr = client->addr,
				.len = 2,
				.buf = addr
			},
			{
				.addr = client->addr,
				.flags = I2C_M_RD,
				.len = 1,
				.buf = &reg
			},
		};

		xfer = i2c_transfer(client->adapter, msgs, 2);
		if (xfer != 2) {
			dev_err(&client->dev,
				"%s: could not read register %x\n",
				__func__, probe_limits_pattern[i].reg);

			return -EIO;
		}

		value = bcd2bin(reg & probe_limits_pattern[i].mask);

		if (value > probe_limits_pattern[i].max ||
			value < probe_limits_pattern[i].min) {
			dev_dbg(&client->dev,
				"%s: register=%x, lim pattern=%d, value=%d\n",
				__func__, probe_limits_pattern[i].reg,
				i, value);

			return -ENODEV;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

static int x1205_rtc_read_alarm(struct device *dev, struct rtc_wkalrm *alrm)
{
	int err;
	unsigned char intreg, status;
	static unsigned char int_addr[2] = { 0, X1205_REG_INT };
	struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev);
	struct i2c_msg msgs[] = {
		{ /* setup read ptr */
			.addr = client->addr,
			.len = 2,
			.buf = int_addr
		},
		{/* read INT register */

			.addr = client->addr,
			.flags = I2C_M_RD,
			.len = 1,
			.buf = &intreg
		},
	};

	/* read interrupt register and status register */
	if (i2c_transfer(client->adapter, &msgs[0], 2) != 2) {
		dev_err(&client->dev, "%s: read error\n", __func__);
		return -EIO;
	}
	err = x1205_get_status(client, &status);
	if (err == 0) {
		alrm->pending = (status & X1205_SR_AL0) ? 1 : 0;
		alrm->enabled = (intreg & X1205_INT_AL0E) ? 1 : 0;
		err = x1205_get_datetime(client, &alrm->time, X1205_ALM0_BASE);
	}
	return err;
}

static int x1205_rtc_set_alarm(struct device *dev, struct rtc_wkalrm *alrm)
{
	return x1205_set_datetime(to_i2c_client(dev),
		&alrm->time, X1205_ALM0_BASE, alrm->enabled);
}

static int x1205_rtc_read_time(struct device *dev, struct rtc_time *tm)
{
	return x1205_get_datetime(to_i2c_client(dev),
		tm, X1205_CCR_BASE);
}

static int x1205_rtc_set_time(struct device *dev, struct rtc_time *tm)
{
	return x1205_set_datetime(to_i2c_client(dev),
		tm, X1205_CCR_BASE, 0);
}

static int x1205_rtc_proc(struct device *dev, struct seq_file *seq)
{
	int err, dtrim, atrim;

	err = x1205_get_dtrim(to_i2c_client(dev), &dtrim);
	if (!err)
		seq_printf(seq, "digital_trim\t: %d ppm\n", dtrim);

	err = x1205_get_atrim(to_i2c_client(dev), &atrim);
	if (!err)
		seq_printf(seq, "analog_trim\t: %d.%02d pF\n",
			atrim / 1000, atrim % 1000);
	return 0;
}

static const struct rtc_class_ops x1205_rtc_ops = {
	.proc		= x1205_rtc_proc,
	.read_time	= x1205_rtc_read_time,
	.set_time	= x1205_rtc_set_time,
	.read_alarm	= x1205_rtc_read_alarm,
	.set_alarm	= x1205_rtc_set_alarm,
};

static ssize_t x1205_sysfs_show_atrim(struct device *dev,
				struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	int err, atrim;

	err = x1205_get_atrim(to_i2c_client(dev), &atrim);
	if (err)
		return err;

	return sprintf(buf, "%d.%02d pF\n", atrim / 1000, atrim % 1000);
}
static DEVICE_ATTR(atrim, S_IRUGO, x1205_sysfs_show_atrim, NULL);

static ssize_t x1205_sysfs_show_dtrim(struct device *dev,
				struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	int err, dtrim;

	err = x1205_get_dtrim(to_i2c_client(dev), &dtrim);
	if (err)
		return err;

	return sprintf(buf, "%d ppm\n", dtrim);
}
static DEVICE_ATTR(dtrim, S_IRUGO, x1205_sysfs_show_dtrim, NULL);

static int x1205_sysfs_register(struct device *dev)
{
	int err;

	err = device_create_file(dev, &dev_attr_atrim);
	if (err)
		return err;

	err = device_create_file(dev, &dev_attr_dtrim);
	if (err)
		device_remove_file(dev, &dev_attr_atrim);

	return err;
}

static void x1205_sysfs_unregister(struct device *dev)
{
	device_remove_file(dev, &dev_attr_atrim);
	device_remove_file(dev, &dev_attr_dtrim);
}


static int x1205_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
			const struct i2c_device_id *id)
{
	int err = 0;
	unsigned char sr;
	struct rtc_device *rtc;

	dev_dbg(&client->dev, "%s\n", __func__);

	if (!i2c_check_functionality(client->adapter, I2C_FUNC_I2C))
		return -ENODEV;

	if (x1205_validate_client(client) < 0)
		return -ENODEV;

	rtc = devm_rtc_device_register(&client->dev, x1205_driver.driver.name,
					&x1205_rtc_ops, THIS_MODULE);

	if (IS_ERR(rtc))
		return PTR_ERR(rtc);

	i2c_set_clientdata(client, rtc);

	/* Check for power failures and eventually enable the osc */
	err = x1205_get_status(client, &sr);
	if (!err) {
		if (sr & X1205_SR_RTCF) {
			dev_err(&client->dev,
				"power failure detected, "
				"please set the clock\n");
			udelay(50);
			x1205_fix_osc(client);
		}
	} else {
		dev_err(&client->dev, "couldn't read status\n");
	}

	err = x1205_sysfs_register(&client->dev);
	if (err)
		dev_err(&client->dev, "Unable to create sysfs entries\n");

	return 0;
}

static int x1205_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
{
	x1205_sysfs_unregister(&client->dev);
	return 0;
}

static const struct i2c_device_id x1205_id[] = {
	{ "x1205", 0 },
	{ }
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, x1205_id);

static struct i2c_driver x1205_driver = {
	.driver		= {
		.name	= "rtc-x1205",
	},
	.probe		= x1205_probe,
	.remove		= x1205_remove,
	.id_table	= x1205_id,
};

module_i2c_driver(x1205_driver);

MODULE_AUTHOR(
	"Karen Spearel <kas111 at gmail dot com>, "
	"Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Xicor/Intersil X1205 RTC driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL"