123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233343536373839404142434445464748495051525354555657585960616263646566676869707172737475767778798081828384858687888990919293949596979899100101102103104105106107108109110111112113114115116117118119120121122123124125126127128129130131132133134135136137138139140141142143144145146147148149150151152153154155156157158159160161162163164165166167168169170171172173174175176177178179180181182183184185186187188189190191192193194195196197198199200201202203204205206207208209210211212213214215216217218219220221222223224225226227/* Integer base 2 logarithm calculation
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2006 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
 * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
 * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 */

#ifndef _LINUX_LOG2_H
#define _LINUX_LOG2_H

#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>

/*
 * non-constant log of base 2 calculators
 * - the arch may override these in asm/bitops.h if they can be implemented
 *   more efficiently than using fls() and fls64()
 * - the arch is not required to handle n==0 if implementing the fallback
 */
#ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_ILOG2_U32
static inline __attribute__((const))
int __ilog2_u32(u32 n)
{
	return fls(n) - 1;
}
#endif

#ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_ILOG2_U64
static inline __attribute__((const))
int __ilog2_u64(u64 n)
{
	return fls64(n) - 1;
}
#endif

/**
 * is_power_of_2() - check if a value is a power of two
 * @n: the value to check
 *
 * Determine whether some value is a power of two, where zero is
 * *not* considered a power of two.
 * Return: true if @n is a power of 2, otherwise false.
 */
static inline __attribute__((const))
bool is_power_of_2(unsigned long n)
{
	return (n != 0 && ((n & (n - 1)) == 0));
}

/**
 * __roundup_pow_of_two() - round up to nearest power of two
 * @n: value to round up
 */
static inline __attribute__((const))
unsigned long __roundup_pow_of_two(unsigned long n)
{
	return 1UL << fls_long(n - 1);
}

/**
 * __rounddown_pow_of_two() - round down to nearest power of two
 * @n: value to round down
 */
static inline __attribute__((const))
unsigned long __rounddown_pow_of_two(unsigned long n)
{
	return 1UL << (fls_long(n) - 1);
}

/**
 * const_ilog2 - log base 2 of 32-bit or a 64-bit constant unsigned value
 * @n: parameter
 *
 * Use this where sparse expects a true constant expression, e.g. for array
 * indices.
 */
#define const_ilog2(n)				\
(						\
	__builtin_constant_p(n) ? (		\
		(n) < 2 ? 0 :			\
		(n) & (1ULL << 63) ? 63 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 62) ? 62 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 61) ? 61 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 60) ? 60 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 59) ? 59 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 58) ? 58 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 57) ? 57 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 56) ? 56 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 55) ? 55 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 54) ? 54 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 53) ? 53 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 52) ? 52 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 51) ? 51 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 50) ? 50 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 49) ? 49 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 48) ? 48 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 47) ? 47 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 46) ? 46 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 45) ? 45 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 44) ? 44 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 43) ? 43 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 42) ? 42 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 41) ? 41 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 40) ? 40 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 39) ? 39 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 38) ? 38 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 37) ? 37 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 36) ? 36 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 35) ? 35 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 34) ? 34 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 33) ? 33 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 32) ? 32 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 31) ? 31 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 30) ? 30 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 29) ? 29 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 28) ? 28 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 27) ? 27 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 26) ? 26 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 25) ? 25 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 24) ? 24 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 23) ? 23 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 22) ? 22 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 21) ? 21 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 20) ? 20 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 19) ? 19 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 18) ? 18 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 17) ? 17 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 16) ? 16 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 15) ? 15 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 14) ? 14 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 13) ? 13 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 12) ? 12 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 11) ? 11 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL << 10) ? 10 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL <<  9) ?  9 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL <<  8) ?  8 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL <<  7) ?  7 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL <<  6) ?  6 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL <<  5) ?  5 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL <<  4) ?  4 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL <<  3) ?  3 :	\
		(n) & (1ULL <<  2) ?  2 :	\
		1) :				\
	-1)

/**
 * ilog2 - log base 2 of 32-bit or a 64-bit unsigned value
 * @n: parameter
 *
 * constant-capable log of base 2 calculation
 * - this can be used to initialise global variables from constant data, hence
 * the massive ternary operator construction
 *
 * selects the appropriately-sized optimised version depending on sizeof(n)
 */
#define ilog2(n) \
( \
	__builtin_constant_p(n) ?	\
	const_ilog2(n) :		\
	(sizeof(n) <= 4) ?		\
	__ilog2_u32(n) :		\
	__ilog2_u64(n)			\
 )

/**
 * roundup_pow_of_two - round the given value up to nearest power of two
 * @n: parameter
 *
 * round the given value up to the nearest power of two
 * - the result is undefined when n == 0
 * - this can be used to initialise global variables from constant data
 */
#define roundup_pow_of_two(n)			\
(						\
	__builtin_constant_p(n) ? (		\
		(n == 1) ? 1 :			\
		(1UL << (ilog2((n) - 1) + 1))	\
				   ) :		\
	__roundup_pow_of_two(n)			\
 )

/**
 * rounddown_pow_of_two - round the given value down to nearest power of two
 * @n: parameter
 *
 * round the given value down to the nearest power of two
 * - the result is undefined when n == 0
 * - this can be used to initialise global variables from constant data
 */
#define rounddown_pow_of_two(n)			\
(						\
	__builtin_constant_p(n) ? (		\
		(1UL << ilog2(n))) :		\
	__rounddown_pow_of_two(n)		\
 )

static inline __attribute_const__
int __order_base_2(unsigned long n)
{
	return n > 1 ? ilog2(n - 1) + 1 : 0;
}

/**
 * order_base_2 - calculate the (rounded up) base 2 order of the argument
 * @n: parameter
 *
 * The first few values calculated by this routine:
 *  ob2(0) = 0
 *  ob2(1) = 0
 *  ob2(2) = 1
 *  ob2(3) = 2
 *  ob2(4) = 2
 *  ob2(5) = 3
 *  ... and so on.
 */
#define order_base_2(n)				\
(						\
	__builtin_constant_p(n) ? (		\
		((n) == 0 || (n) == 1) ? 0 :	\
		ilog2((n) - 1) + 1) :		\
	__order_base_2(n)			\
)
#endif /* _LINUX_LOG2_H */