123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233343536373839404142434445464748495051525354555657585960616263646566676869707172737475767778798081828384858687888990919293949596979899100101102103104105106107108109110111112113114115116117118119120121122123124125126127128129130131132133134135136137138139140141142143144145146147148149150151152153154155156157158159160161162163164165166167168169170171172173174175176177178179180181182183184185186187188189190191192193194195196197198199200201202203204205206207208209210211212213214215216217218219220221222223224225226227228229230231232233234235236237238239240241242243244245246247248249250251252253254255256257258259260261262263264265266267268269270271272273274275276277278279280281282283284285286287288289290291292293294295296297298299300301302303304305306307308309310311312313314315316317318319320321322323324325326327328329330331332333334335336337338339340341342343344345346347348349350351352353354355356357358359360361362363364365366367368369370371372373374375376377378379380381382383384385386387388389390391392393394395396397398399400401402403404405406407408409410411412413414415416417418419420421422423424425426427428429430431432433434435436437438439440441442443444445446447448449450451452453454455456457458459460461462463464465466467468469470471472473474475476477478479480481482483484485486487488489490491492493494495496497498/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
 * include/linux/backing-dev.h
 *
 * low-level device information and state which is propagated up through
 * to high-level code.
 */

#ifndef _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H
#define _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/blk-cgroup.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev-defs.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>

static inline struct backing_dev_info *bdi_get(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	kref_get(&bdi->refcnt);
	return bdi;
}

void bdi_put(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);

__printf(2, 3)
int bdi_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, const char *fmt, ...);
int bdi_register_va(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, const char *fmt,
		    va_list args);
int bdi_register_owner(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct device *owner);
void bdi_unregister(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);

struct backing_dev_info *bdi_alloc_node(gfp_t gfp_mask, int node_id);
static inline struct backing_dev_info *bdi_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
	return bdi_alloc_node(gfp_mask, NUMA_NO_NODE);
}

void wb_start_background_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb);
void wb_workfn(struct work_struct *work);
void wb_wakeup_delayed(struct bdi_writeback *wb);

extern spinlock_t bdi_lock;
extern struct list_head bdi_list;

extern struct workqueue_struct *bdi_wq;

static inline bool wb_has_dirty_io(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
	return test_bit(WB_has_dirty_io, &wb->state);
}

static inline bool bdi_has_dirty_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	/*
	 * @bdi->tot_write_bandwidth is guaranteed to be > 0 if there are
	 * any dirty wbs.  See wb_update_write_bandwidth().
	 */
	return atomic_long_read(&bdi->tot_write_bandwidth);
}

static inline void __add_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
				 enum wb_stat_item item, s64 amount)
{
	percpu_counter_add_batch(&wb->stat[item], amount, WB_STAT_BATCH);
}

static inline void inc_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item)
{
	__add_wb_stat(wb, item, 1);
}

static inline void dec_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item)
{
	__add_wb_stat(wb, item, -1);
}

static inline s64 wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item)
{
	return percpu_counter_read_positive(&wb->stat[item]);
}

static inline s64 wb_stat_sum(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item)
{
	return percpu_counter_sum_positive(&wb->stat[item]);
}

extern void wb_writeout_inc(struct bdi_writeback *wb);

/*
 * maximal error of a stat counter.
 */
static inline unsigned long wb_stat_error(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	return nr_cpu_ids * WB_STAT_BATCH;
#else
	return 1;
#endif
}

int bdi_set_min_ratio(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, unsigned int min_ratio);
int bdi_set_max_ratio(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, unsigned int max_ratio);

/*
 * Flags in backing_dev_info::capability
 *
 * The first three flags control whether dirty pages will contribute to the
 * VM's accounting and whether writepages() should be called for dirty pages
 * (something that would not, for example, be appropriate for ramfs)
 *
 * WARNING: these flags are closely related and should not normally be
 * used separately.  The BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_AND_WRITEBACK combines these
 * three flags into a single convenience macro.
 *
 * BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_DIRTY:  Dirty pages shouldn't contribute to accounting
 * BDI_CAP_NO_WRITEBACK:   Don't write pages back
 * BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_WB:     Don't automatically account writeback pages
 * BDI_CAP_STRICTLIMIT:    Keep number of dirty pages below bdi threshold.
 *
 * BDI_CAP_CGROUP_WRITEBACK: Supports cgroup-aware writeback.
 * BDI_CAP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO: Device is so fast that asynchronous IO would be
 *			   inefficient.
 */
#define BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_DIRTY	0x00000001
#define BDI_CAP_NO_WRITEBACK	0x00000002
#define BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_WB	0x00000004
#define BDI_CAP_STABLE_WRITES	0x00000008
#define BDI_CAP_STRICTLIMIT	0x00000010
#define BDI_CAP_CGROUP_WRITEBACK 0x00000020
#define BDI_CAP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO	0x00000040

#define BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_AND_WRITEBACK \
	(BDI_CAP_NO_WRITEBACK | BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_DIRTY | BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_WB)

extern struct backing_dev_info noop_backing_dev_info;

/**
 * writeback_in_progress - determine whether there is writeback in progress
 * @wb: bdi_writeback of interest
 *
 * Determine whether there is writeback waiting to be handled against a
 * bdi_writeback.
 */
static inline bool writeback_in_progress(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
	return test_bit(WB_writeback_running, &wb->state);
}

static inline struct backing_dev_info *inode_to_bdi(struct inode *inode)
{
	struct super_block *sb;

	if (!inode)
		return &noop_backing_dev_info;

	sb = inode->i_sb;
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
	if (sb_is_blkdev_sb(sb))
		return I_BDEV(inode)->bd_bdi;
#endif
	return sb->s_bdi;
}

static inline int wb_congested(struct bdi_writeback *wb, int cong_bits)
{
	struct backing_dev_info *bdi = wb->bdi;

	if (bdi->congested_fn)
		return bdi->congested_fn(bdi->congested_data, cong_bits);
	return wb->congested->state & cong_bits;
}

long congestion_wait(int sync, long timeout);
long wait_iff_congested(struct pglist_data *pgdat, int sync, long timeout);

static inline bool bdi_cap_synchronous_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	return bdi->capabilities & BDI_CAP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO;
}

static inline bool bdi_cap_stable_pages_required(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	return bdi->capabilities & BDI_CAP_STABLE_WRITES;
}

static inline bool bdi_cap_writeback_dirty(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	return !(bdi->capabilities & BDI_CAP_NO_WRITEBACK);
}

static inline bool bdi_cap_account_dirty(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	return !(bdi->capabilities & BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_DIRTY);
}

static inline bool bdi_cap_account_writeback(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	/* Paranoia: BDI_CAP_NO_WRITEBACK implies BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_WB */
	return !(bdi->capabilities & (BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_WB |
				      BDI_CAP_NO_WRITEBACK));
}

static inline bool mapping_cap_writeback_dirty(struct address_space *mapping)
{
	return bdi_cap_writeback_dirty(inode_to_bdi(mapping->host));
}

static inline bool mapping_cap_account_dirty(struct address_space *mapping)
{
	return bdi_cap_account_dirty(inode_to_bdi(mapping->host));
}

static inline int bdi_sched_wait(void *word)
{
	schedule();
	return 0;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK

struct bdi_writeback_congested *
wb_congested_get_create(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int blkcg_id, gfp_t gfp);
void wb_congested_put(struct bdi_writeback_congested *congested);
struct bdi_writeback *wb_get_create(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
				    struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css,
				    gfp_t gfp);
void wb_memcg_offline(struct mem_cgroup *memcg);
void wb_blkcg_offline(struct blkcg *blkcg);
int inode_congested(struct inode *inode, int cong_bits);

/**
 * inode_cgwb_enabled - test whether cgroup writeback is enabled on an inode
 * @inode: inode of interest
 *
 * cgroup writeback requires support from both the bdi and filesystem.
 * Also, both memcg and iocg have to be on the default hierarchy.  Test
 * whether all conditions are met.
 *
 * Note that the test result may change dynamically on the same inode
 * depending on how memcg and iocg are configured.
 */
static inline bool inode_cgwb_enabled(struct inode *inode)
{
	struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode);

	return cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(memory_cgrp_subsys) &&
		cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(io_cgrp_subsys) &&
		bdi_cap_account_dirty(bdi) &&
		(bdi->capabilities & BDI_CAP_CGROUP_WRITEBACK) &&
		(inode->i_sb->s_iflags & SB_I_CGROUPWB);
}

/**
 * wb_find_current - find wb for %current on a bdi
 * @bdi: bdi of interest
 *
 * Find the wb of @bdi which matches both the memcg and blkcg of %current.
 * Must be called under rcu_read_lock() which protects the returend wb.
 * NULL if not found.
 */
static inline struct bdi_writeback *wb_find_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css;
	struct bdi_writeback *wb;

	memcg_css = task_css(current, memory_cgrp_id);
	if (!memcg_css->parent)
		return &bdi->wb;

	wb = radix_tree_lookup(&bdi->cgwb_tree, memcg_css->id);

	/*
	 * %current's blkcg equals the effective blkcg of its memcg.  No
	 * need to use the relatively expensive cgroup_get_e_css().
	 */
	if (likely(wb && wb->blkcg_css == task_css(current, io_cgrp_id)))
		return wb;
	return NULL;
}

/**
 * wb_get_create_current - get or create wb for %current on a bdi
 * @bdi: bdi of interest
 * @gfp: allocation mask
 *
 * Equivalent to wb_get_create() on %current's memcg.  This function is
 * called from a relatively hot path and optimizes the common cases using
 * wb_find_current().
 */
static inline struct bdi_writeback *
wb_get_create_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, gfp_t gfp)
{
	struct bdi_writeback *wb;

	rcu_read_lock();
	wb = wb_find_current(bdi);
	if (wb && unlikely(!wb_tryget(wb)))
		wb = NULL;
	rcu_read_unlock();

	if (unlikely(!wb)) {
		struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css;

		memcg_css = task_get_css(current, memory_cgrp_id);
		wb = wb_get_create(bdi, memcg_css, gfp);
		css_put(memcg_css);
	}
	return wb;
}

/**
 * inode_to_wb_is_valid - test whether an inode has a wb associated
 * @inode: inode of interest
 *
 * Returns %true if @inode has a wb associated.  May be called without any
 * locking.
 */
static inline bool inode_to_wb_is_valid(struct inode *inode)
{
	return inode->i_wb;
}

/**
 * inode_to_wb - determine the wb of an inode
 * @inode: inode of interest
 *
 * Returns the wb @inode is currently associated with.  The caller must be
 * holding either @inode->i_lock, @inode->i_mapping->tree_lock, or the
 * associated wb's list_lock.
 */
static inline struct bdi_writeback *inode_to_wb(struct inode *inode)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
	WARN_ON_ONCE(debug_locks &&
		     (!lockdep_is_held(&inode->i_lock) &&
		      !lockdep_is_held(&inode->i_mapping->tree_lock) &&
		      !lockdep_is_held(&inode->i_wb->list_lock)));
#endif
	return inode->i_wb;
}

/**
 * unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin - begin unlocked inode wb access transaction
 * @inode: target inode
 * @lockedp: temp bool output param, to be passed to the end function
 *
 * The caller wants to access the wb associated with @inode but isn't
 * holding inode->i_lock, mapping->tree_lock or wb->list_lock.  This
 * function determines the wb associated with @inode and ensures that the
 * association doesn't change until the transaction is finished with
 * unlocked_inode_to_wb_end().
 *
 * The caller must call unlocked_inode_to_wb_end() with *@lockdep
 * afterwards and can't sleep during transaction.  IRQ may or may not be
 * disabled on return.
 */
static inline struct bdi_writeback *
unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin(struct inode *inode, bool *lockedp)
{
	rcu_read_lock();

	/*
	 * Paired with store_release in inode_switch_wb_work_fn() and
	 * ensures that we see the new wb if we see cleared I_WB_SWITCH.
	 */
	*lockedp = smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_state) & I_WB_SWITCH;

	if (unlikely(*lockedp))
		spin_lock_irq(&inode->i_mapping->tree_lock);

	/*
	 * Protected by either !I_WB_SWITCH + rcu_read_lock() or tree_lock.
	 * inode_to_wb() will bark.  Deref directly.
	 */
	return inode->i_wb;
}

/**
 * unlocked_inode_to_wb_end - end inode wb access transaction
 * @inode: target inode
 * @locked: *@lockedp from unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin()
 */
static inline void unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(struct inode *inode, bool locked)
{
	if (unlikely(locked))
		spin_unlock_irq(&inode->i_mapping->tree_lock);

	rcu_read_unlock();
}

#else	/* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */

static inline bool inode_cgwb_enabled(struct inode *inode)
{
	return false;
}

static inline struct bdi_writeback_congested *
wb_congested_get_create(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int blkcg_id, gfp_t gfp)
{
	atomic_inc(&bdi->wb_congested->refcnt);
	return bdi->wb_congested;
}

static inline void wb_congested_put(struct bdi_writeback_congested *congested)
{
	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&congested->refcnt))
		kfree(congested);
}

static inline struct bdi_writeback *wb_find_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	return &bdi->wb;
}

static inline struct bdi_writeback *
wb_get_create_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, gfp_t gfp)
{
	return &bdi->wb;
}

static inline bool inode_to_wb_is_valid(struct inode *inode)
{
	return true;
}

static inline struct bdi_writeback *inode_to_wb(struct inode *inode)
{
	return &inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb;
}

static inline struct bdi_writeback *
unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin(struct inode *inode, bool *lockedp)
{
	return inode_to_wb(inode);
}

static inline void unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(struct inode *inode, bool locked)
{
}

static inline void wb_memcg_offline(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
{
}

static inline void wb_blkcg_offline(struct blkcg *blkcg)
{
}

static inline int inode_congested(struct inode *inode, int cong_bits)
{
	return wb_congested(&inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb, cong_bits);
}

#endif	/* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */

static inline int inode_read_congested(struct inode *inode)
{
	return inode_congested(inode, 1 << WB_sync_congested);
}

static inline int inode_write_congested(struct inode *inode)
{
	return inode_congested(inode, 1 << WB_async_congested);
}

static inline int inode_rw_congested(struct inode *inode)
{
	return inode_congested(inode, (1 << WB_sync_congested) |
				      (1 << WB_async_congested));
}

static inline int bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int cong_bits)
{
	return wb_congested(&bdi->wb, cong_bits);
}

static inline int bdi_read_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	return bdi_congested(bdi, 1 << WB_sync_congested);
}

static inline int bdi_write_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	return bdi_congested(bdi, 1 << WB_async_congested);
}

static inline int bdi_rw_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
	return bdi_congested(bdi, (1 << WB_sync_congested) |
				  (1 << WB_async_congested));
}

#endif	/* _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H */