/*
 * CAN bus driver for Bosch C_CAN controller
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2010 ST Microelectronics
 * Bhupesh Sharma <bhupesh.sharma@st.com>
 *
 * Borrowed heavily from the C_CAN driver originally written by:
 * Copyright (C) 2007
 * - Sascha Hauer, Marc Kleine-Budde, Pengutronix <s.hauer@pengutronix.de>
 * - Simon Kallweit, intefo AG <simon.kallweit@intefo.ch>
 *
 * TX and RX NAPI implementation has been borrowed from at91 CAN driver
 * written by:
 * Copyright
 * (C) 2007 by Hans J. Koch <hjk@hansjkoch.de>
 * (C) 2008, 2009 by Marc Kleine-Budde <kernel@pengutronix.de>
 *
 * Bosch C_CAN controller is compliant to CAN protocol version 2.0 part A and B.
 * Bosch C_CAN user manual can be obtained from:
 * http://www.semiconductors.bosch.de/media/en/pdf/ipmodules_1/c_can/
 * users_manual_c_can.pdf
 *
 * This file is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
 * License version 2. This program is licensed "as is" without any
 * warranty of any kind, whether express or implied.
 */

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/if_arp.h>
#include <linux/if_ether.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
#include <linux/pinctrl/consumer.h>

#include <linux/can.h>
#include <linux/can/dev.h>
#include <linux/can/error.h>
#include <linux/can/led.h>

#include "c_can.h"

/* Number of interface registers */
#define IF_ENUM_REG_LEN		11
#define C_CAN_IFACE(reg, iface)	(C_CAN_IF1_##reg + (iface) * IF_ENUM_REG_LEN)

/* control extension register D_CAN specific */
#define CONTROL_EX_PDR		BIT(8)

/* control register */
#define CONTROL_SWR		BIT(15)
#define CONTROL_TEST		BIT(7)
#define CONTROL_CCE		BIT(6)
#define CONTROL_DISABLE_AR	BIT(5)
#define CONTROL_ENABLE_AR	(0 << 5)
#define CONTROL_EIE		BIT(3)
#define CONTROL_SIE		BIT(2)
#define CONTROL_IE		BIT(1)
#define CONTROL_INIT		BIT(0)

#define CONTROL_IRQMSK		(CONTROL_EIE | CONTROL_IE | CONTROL_SIE)

/* test register */
#define TEST_RX			BIT(7)
#define TEST_TX1		BIT(6)
#define TEST_TX2		BIT(5)
#define TEST_LBACK		BIT(4)
#define TEST_SILENT		BIT(3)
#define TEST_BASIC		BIT(2)

/* status register */
#define STATUS_PDA		BIT(10)
#define STATUS_BOFF		BIT(7)
#define STATUS_EWARN		BIT(6)
#define STATUS_EPASS		BIT(5)
#define STATUS_RXOK		BIT(4)
#define STATUS_TXOK		BIT(3)

/* error counter register */
#define ERR_CNT_TEC_MASK	0xff
#define ERR_CNT_TEC_SHIFT	0
#define ERR_CNT_REC_SHIFT	8
#define ERR_CNT_REC_MASK	(0x7f << ERR_CNT_REC_SHIFT)
#define ERR_CNT_RP_SHIFT	15
#define ERR_CNT_RP_MASK		(0x1 << ERR_CNT_RP_SHIFT)

/* bit-timing register */
#define BTR_BRP_MASK		0x3f
#define BTR_BRP_SHIFT		0
#define BTR_SJW_SHIFT		6
#define BTR_SJW_MASK		(0x3 << BTR_SJW_SHIFT)
#define BTR_TSEG1_SHIFT		8
#define BTR_TSEG1_MASK		(0xf << BTR_TSEG1_SHIFT)
#define BTR_TSEG2_SHIFT		12
#define BTR_TSEG2_MASK		(0x7 << BTR_TSEG2_SHIFT)

/* interrupt register */
#define INT_STS_PENDING		0x8000

/* brp extension register */
#define BRP_EXT_BRPE_MASK	0x0f
#define BRP_EXT_BRPE_SHIFT	0

/* IFx command request */
#define IF_COMR_BUSY		BIT(15)

/* IFx command mask */
#define IF_COMM_WR		BIT(7)
#define IF_COMM_MASK		BIT(6)
#define IF_COMM_ARB		BIT(5)
#define IF_COMM_CONTROL		BIT(4)
#define IF_COMM_CLR_INT_PND	BIT(3)
#define IF_COMM_TXRQST		BIT(2)
#define IF_COMM_CLR_NEWDAT	IF_COMM_TXRQST
#define IF_COMM_DATAA		BIT(1)
#define IF_COMM_DATAB		BIT(0)

/* TX buffer setup */
#define IF_COMM_TX		(IF_COMM_ARB | IF_COMM_CONTROL | \
				 IF_COMM_TXRQST |		 \
				 IF_COMM_DATAA | IF_COMM_DATAB)

/* For the low buffers we clear the interrupt bit, but keep newdat */
#define IF_COMM_RCV_LOW		(IF_COMM_MASK | IF_COMM_ARB | \
				 IF_COMM_CONTROL | IF_COMM_CLR_INT_PND | \
				 IF_COMM_DATAA | IF_COMM_DATAB)

/* For the high buffers we clear the interrupt bit and newdat */
#define IF_COMM_RCV_HIGH	(IF_COMM_RCV_LOW | IF_COMM_CLR_NEWDAT)


/* Receive setup of message objects */
#define IF_COMM_RCV_SETUP	(IF_COMM_MASK | IF_COMM_ARB | IF_COMM_CONTROL)

/* Invalidation of message objects */
#define IF_COMM_INVAL		(IF_COMM_ARB | IF_COMM_CONTROL)

/* IFx arbitration */
#define IF_ARB_MSGVAL		BIT(31)
#define IF_ARB_MSGXTD		BIT(30)
#define IF_ARB_TRANSMIT		BIT(29)

/* IFx message control */
#define IF_MCONT_NEWDAT		BIT(15)
#define IF_MCONT_MSGLST		BIT(14)
#define IF_MCONT_INTPND		BIT(13)
#define IF_MCONT_UMASK		BIT(12)
#define IF_MCONT_TXIE		BIT(11)
#define IF_MCONT_RXIE		BIT(10)
#define IF_MCONT_RMTEN		BIT(9)
#define IF_MCONT_TXRQST		BIT(8)
#define IF_MCONT_EOB		BIT(7)
#define IF_MCONT_DLC_MASK	0xf

#define IF_MCONT_RCV		(IF_MCONT_RXIE | IF_MCONT_UMASK)
#define IF_MCONT_RCV_EOB	(IF_MCONT_RCV | IF_MCONT_EOB)

#define IF_MCONT_TX		(IF_MCONT_TXIE | IF_MCONT_EOB)

/*
 * Use IF1 for RX and IF2 for TX
 */
#define IF_RX			0
#define IF_TX			1

/* minimum timeout for checking BUSY status */
#define MIN_TIMEOUT_VALUE	6

/* Wait for ~1 sec for INIT bit */
#define INIT_WAIT_MS		1000

/* napi related */
#define C_CAN_NAPI_WEIGHT	C_CAN_MSG_OBJ_RX_NUM

/* c_can lec values */
enum c_can_lec_type {
	LEC_NO_ERROR = 0,
	LEC_STUFF_ERROR,
	LEC_FORM_ERROR,
	LEC_ACK_ERROR,
	LEC_BIT1_ERROR,
	LEC_BIT0_ERROR,
	LEC_CRC_ERROR,
	LEC_UNUSED,
	LEC_MASK = LEC_UNUSED,
};

/*
 * c_can error types:
 * Bus errors (BUS_OFF, ERROR_WARNING, ERROR_PASSIVE) are supported
 */
enum c_can_bus_error_types {
	C_CAN_NO_ERROR = 0,
	C_CAN_BUS_OFF,
	C_CAN_ERROR_WARNING,
	C_CAN_ERROR_PASSIVE,
};

static const struct can_bittiming_const c_can_bittiming_const = {
	.name = KBUILD_MODNAME,
	.tseg1_min = 2,		/* Time segment 1 = prop_seg + phase_seg1 */
	.tseg1_max = 16,
	.tseg2_min = 1,		/* Time segment 2 = phase_seg2 */
	.tseg2_max = 8,
	.sjw_max = 4,
	.brp_min = 1,
	.brp_max = 1024,	/* 6-bit BRP field + 4-bit BRPE field*/
	.brp_inc = 1,
};

static inline void c_can_pm_runtime_enable(const struct c_can_priv *priv)
{
	if (priv->device)
		pm_runtime_enable(priv->device);
}

static inline void c_can_pm_runtime_disable(const struct c_can_priv *priv)
{
	if (priv->device)
		pm_runtime_disable(priv->device);
}

static inline void c_can_pm_runtime_get_sync(const struct c_can_priv *priv)
{
	if (priv->device)
		pm_runtime_get_sync(priv->device);
}

static inline void c_can_pm_runtime_put_sync(const struct c_can_priv *priv)
{
	if (priv->device)
		pm_runtime_put_sync(priv->device);
}

static inline void c_can_reset_ram(const struct c_can_priv *priv, bool enable)
{
	if (priv->raminit)
		priv->raminit(priv, enable);
}

static void c_can_irq_control(struct c_can_priv *priv, bool enable)
{
	u32 ctrl = priv->read_reg(priv,	C_CAN_CTRL_REG) & ~CONTROL_IRQMSK;

	if (enable)
		ctrl |= CONTROL_IRQMSK;

	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_REG, ctrl);
}

static void c_can_obj_update(struct net_device *dev, int iface, u32 cmd, u32 obj)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	int cnt, reg = C_CAN_IFACE(COMREQ_REG, iface);

	priv->write_reg32(priv, reg, (cmd << 16) | obj);

	for (cnt = MIN_TIMEOUT_VALUE; cnt; cnt--) {
		if (!(priv->read_reg(priv, reg) & IF_COMR_BUSY))
			return;
		udelay(1);
	}
	netdev_err(dev, "Updating object timed out\n");

}

static inline void c_can_object_get(struct net_device *dev, int iface,
				    u32 obj, u32 cmd)
{
	c_can_obj_update(dev, iface, cmd, obj);
}

static inline void c_can_object_put(struct net_device *dev, int iface,
				    u32 obj, u32 cmd)
{
	c_can_obj_update(dev, iface, cmd | IF_COMM_WR, obj);
}

/*
 * Note: According to documentation clearing TXIE while MSGVAL is set
 * is not allowed, but works nicely on C/DCAN. And that lowers the I/O
 * load significantly.
 */
static void c_can_inval_tx_object(struct net_device *dev, int iface, int obj)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);

	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_IFACE(MSGCTRL_REG, iface), 0);
	c_can_object_put(dev, iface, obj, IF_COMM_INVAL);
}

static void c_can_inval_msg_object(struct net_device *dev, int iface, int obj)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);

	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_IFACE(ARB1_REG, iface), 0);
	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_IFACE(ARB2_REG, iface), 0);
	c_can_inval_tx_object(dev, iface, obj);
}

static void c_can_setup_tx_object(struct net_device *dev, int iface,
				  struct can_frame *frame, int idx)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	u16 ctrl = IF_MCONT_TX | frame->can_dlc;
	bool rtr = frame->can_id & CAN_RTR_FLAG;
	u32 arb = IF_ARB_MSGVAL;
	int i;

	if (frame->can_id & CAN_EFF_FLAG) {
		arb |= frame->can_id & CAN_EFF_MASK;
		arb |= IF_ARB_MSGXTD;
	} else {
		arb |= (frame->can_id & CAN_SFF_MASK) << 18;
	}

	if (!rtr)
		arb |= IF_ARB_TRANSMIT;

	/*
	 * If we change the DIR bit, we need to invalidate the buffer
	 * first, i.e. clear the MSGVAL flag in the arbiter.
	 */
	if (rtr != (bool)test_bit(idx, &priv->tx_dir)) {
		u32 obj = idx + C_CAN_MSG_OBJ_TX_FIRST;

		c_can_inval_msg_object(dev, iface, obj);
		change_bit(idx, &priv->tx_dir);
	}

	priv->write_reg32(priv, C_CAN_IFACE(ARB1_REG, iface), arb);

	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_IFACE(MSGCTRL_REG, iface), ctrl);

	if (priv->type == BOSCH_D_CAN) {
		u32 data = 0, dreg = C_CAN_IFACE(DATA1_REG, iface);

		for (i = 0; i < frame->can_dlc; i += 4, dreg += 2) {
			data = (u32)frame->data[i];
			data |= (u32)frame->data[i + 1] << 8;
			data |= (u32)frame->data[i + 2] << 16;
			data |= (u32)frame->data[i + 3] << 24;
			priv->write_reg32(priv, dreg, data);
		}
	} else {
		for (i = 0; i < frame->can_dlc; i += 2) {
			priv->write_reg(priv,
					C_CAN_IFACE(DATA1_REG, iface) + i / 2,
					frame->data[i] |
					(frame->data[i + 1] << 8));
		}
	}
}

static inline void c_can_activate_all_lower_rx_msg_obj(struct net_device *dev,
						       int iface)
{
	int i;

	for (i = C_CAN_MSG_OBJ_RX_FIRST; i <= C_CAN_MSG_RX_LOW_LAST; i++)
		c_can_object_get(dev, iface, i, IF_COMM_CLR_NEWDAT);
}

static int c_can_handle_lost_msg_obj(struct net_device *dev,
				     int iface, int objno, u32 ctrl)
{
	struct net_device_stats *stats = &dev->stats;
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	struct can_frame *frame;
	struct sk_buff *skb;

	ctrl &= ~(IF_MCONT_MSGLST | IF_MCONT_INTPND | IF_MCONT_NEWDAT);
	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_IFACE(MSGCTRL_REG, iface), ctrl);
	c_can_object_put(dev, iface, objno, IF_COMM_CONTROL);

	stats->rx_errors++;
	stats->rx_over_errors++;

	/* create an error msg */
	skb = alloc_can_err_skb(dev, &frame);
	if (unlikely(!skb))
		return 0;

	frame->can_id |= CAN_ERR_CRTL;
	frame->data[1] = CAN_ERR_CRTL_RX_OVERFLOW;

	netif_receive_skb(skb);
	return 1;
}

static int c_can_read_msg_object(struct net_device *dev, int iface, u32 ctrl)
{
	struct net_device_stats *stats = &dev->stats;
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	struct can_frame *frame;
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	u32 arb, data;

	skb = alloc_can_skb(dev, &frame);
	if (!skb) {
		stats->rx_dropped++;
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	frame->can_dlc = get_can_dlc(ctrl & 0x0F);

	arb = priv->read_reg32(priv, C_CAN_IFACE(ARB1_REG, iface));

	if (arb & IF_ARB_MSGXTD)
		frame->can_id = (arb & CAN_EFF_MASK) | CAN_EFF_FLAG;
	else
		frame->can_id = (arb >> 18) & CAN_SFF_MASK;

	if (arb & IF_ARB_TRANSMIT) {
		frame->can_id |= CAN_RTR_FLAG;
	} else {
		int i, dreg = C_CAN_IFACE(DATA1_REG, iface);

		if (priv->type == BOSCH_D_CAN) {
			for (i = 0; i < frame->can_dlc; i += 4, dreg += 2) {
				data = priv->read_reg32(priv, dreg);
				frame->data[i] = data;
				frame->data[i + 1] = data >> 8;
				frame->data[i + 2] = data >> 16;
				frame->data[i + 3] = data >> 24;
			}
		} else {
			for (i = 0; i < frame->can_dlc; i += 2, dreg++) {
				data = priv->read_reg(priv, dreg);
				frame->data[i] = data;
				frame->data[i + 1] = data >> 8;
			}
		}
	}

	stats->rx_packets++;
	stats->rx_bytes += frame->can_dlc;

	netif_receive_skb(skb);
	return 0;
}

static void c_can_setup_receive_object(struct net_device *dev, int iface,
				       u32 obj, u32 mask, u32 id, u32 mcont)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);

	mask |= BIT(29);
	priv->write_reg32(priv, C_CAN_IFACE(MASK1_REG, iface), mask);

	id |= IF_ARB_MSGVAL;
	priv->write_reg32(priv, C_CAN_IFACE(ARB1_REG, iface), id);

	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_IFACE(MSGCTRL_REG, iface), mcont);
	c_can_object_put(dev, iface, obj, IF_COMM_RCV_SETUP);
}

static netdev_tx_t c_can_start_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb,
				    struct net_device *dev)
{
	struct can_frame *frame = (struct can_frame *)skb->data;
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	u32 idx, obj;

	if (can_dropped_invalid_skb(dev, skb))
		return NETDEV_TX_OK;
	/*
	 * This is not a FIFO. C/D_CAN sends out the buffers
	 * prioritized. The lowest buffer number wins.
	 */
	idx = fls(atomic_read(&priv->tx_active));
	obj = idx + C_CAN_MSG_OBJ_TX_FIRST;

	/* If this is the last buffer, stop the xmit queue */
	if (idx == C_CAN_MSG_OBJ_TX_NUM - 1)
		netif_stop_queue(dev);
	/*
	 * Store the message in the interface so we can call
	 * can_put_echo_skb(). We must do this before we enable
	 * transmit as we might race against do_tx().
	 */
	c_can_setup_tx_object(dev, IF_TX, frame, idx);
	priv->dlc[idx] = frame->can_dlc;
	can_put_echo_skb(skb, dev, idx);

	/* Update the active bits */
	atomic_add((1 << idx), &priv->tx_active);
	/* Start transmission */
	c_can_object_put(dev, IF_TX, obj, IF_COMM_TX);

	return NETDEV_TX_OK;
}

static int c_can_wait_for_ctrl_init(struct net_device *dev,
				    struct c_can_priv *priv, u32 init)
{
	int retry = 0;

	while (init != (priv->read_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_REG) & CONTROL_INIT)) {
		udelay(10);
		if (retry++ > 1000) {
			netdev_err(dev, "CCTRL: set CONTROL_INIT failed\n");
			return -EIO;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

static int c_can_set_bittiming(struct net_device *dev)
{
	unsigned int reg_btr, reg_brpe, ctrl_save;
	u8 brp, brpe, sjw, tseg1, tseg2;
	u32 ten_bit_brp;
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	const struct can_bittiming *bt = &priv->can.bittiming;
	int res;

	/* c_can provides a 6-bit brp and 4-bit brpe fields */
	ten_bit_brp = bt->brp - 1;
	brp = ten_bit_brp & BTR_BRP_MASK;
	brpe = ten_bit_brp >> 6;

	sjw = bt->sjw - 1;
	tseg1 = bt->prop_seg + bt->phase_seg1 - 1;
	tseg2 = bt->phase_seg2 - 1;
	reg_btr = brp | (sjw << BTR_SJW_SHIFT) | (tseg1 << BTR_TSEG1_SHIFT) |
			(tseg2 << BTR_TSEG2_SHIFT);
	reg_brpe = brpe & BRP_EXT_BRPE_MASK;

	netdev_info(dev,
		"setting BTR=%04x BRPE=%04x\n", reg_btr, reg_brpe);

	ctrl_save = priv->read_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_REG);
	ctrl_save &= ~CONTROL_INIT;
	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_REG, CONTROL_CCE | CONTROL_INIT);
	res = c_can_wait_for_ctrl_init(dev, priv, CONTROL_INIT);
	if (res)
		return res;

	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_BTR_REG, reg_btr);
	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_BRPEXT_REG, reg_brpe);
	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_REG, ctrl_save);

	return c_can_wait_for_ctrl_init(dev, priv, 0);
}

/*
 * Configure C_CAN message objects for Tx and Rx purposes:
 * C_CAN provides a total of 32 message objects that can be configured
 * either for Tx or Rx purposes. Here the first 16 message objects are used as
 * a reception FIFO. The end of reception FIFO is signified by the EoB bit
 * being SET. The remaining 16 message objects are kept aside for Tx purposes.
 * See user guide document for further details on configuring message
 * objects.
 */
static void c_can_configure_msg_objects(struct net_device *dev)
{
	int i;

	/* first invalidate all message objects */
	for (i = C_CAN_MSG_OBJ_RX_FIRST; i <= C_CAN_NO_OF_OBJECTS; i++)
		c_can_inval_msg_object(dev, IF_RX, i);

	/* setup receive message objects */
	for (i = C_CAN_MSG_OBJ_RX_FIRST; i < C_CAN_MSG_OBJ_RX_LAST; i++)
		c_can_setup_receive_object(dev, IF_RX, i, 0, 0, IF_MCONT_RCV);

	c_can_setup_receive_object(dev, IF_RX, C_CAN_MSG_OBJ_RX_LAST, 0, 0,
				   IF_MCONT_RCV_EOB);
}

static int c_can_software_reset(struct net_device *dev)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	int retry = 0;

	if (priv->type != BOSCH_D_CAN)
		return 0;

	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_REG, CONTROL_SWR | CONTROL_INIT);
	while (priv->read_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_REG) & CONTROL_SWR) {
		msleep(20);
		if (retry++ > 100) {
			netdev_err(dev, "CCTRL: software reset failed\n");
			return -EIO;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Configure C_CAN chip:
 * - enable/disable auto-retransmission
 * - set operating mode
 * - configure message objects
 */
static int c_can_chip_config(struct net_device *dev)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	int err;

	err = c_can_software_reset(dev);
	if (err)
		return err;

	/* enable automatic retransmission */
	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_REG, CONTROL_ENABLE_AR);

	if ((priv->can.ctrlmode & CAN_CTRLMODE_LISTENONLY) &&
	    (priv->can.ctrlmode & CAN_CTRLMODE_LOOPBACK)) {
		/* loopback + silent mode : useful for hot self-test */
		priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_REG, CONTROL_TEST);
		priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_TEST_REG, TEST_LBACK | TEST_SILENT);
	} else if (priv->can.ctrlmode & CAN_CTRLMODE_LOOPBACK) {
		/* loopback mode : useful for self-test function */
		priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_REG, CONTROL_TEST);
		priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_TEST_REG, TEST_LBACK);
	} else if (priv->can.ctrlmode & CAN_CTRLMODE_LISTENONLY) {
		/* silent mode : bus-monitoring mode */
		priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_REG, CONTROL_TEST);
		priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_TEST_REG, TEST_SILENT);
	}

	/* configure message objects */
	c_can_configure_msg_objects(dev);

	/* set a `lec` value so that we can check for updates later */
	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_STS_REG, LEC_UNUSED);

	/* Clear all internal status */
	atomic_set(&priv->tx_active, 0);
	priv->rxmasked = 0;
	priv->tx_dir = 0;

	/* set bittiming params */
	return c_can_set_bittiming(dev);
}

static int c_can_start(struct net_device *dev)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	int err;
	struct pinctrl *p;

	/* basic c_can configuration */
	err = c_can_chip_config(dev);
	if (err)
		return err;

	/* Setup the command for new messages */
	priv->comm_rcv_high = priv->type != BOSCH_D_CAN ?
		IF_COMM_RCV_LOW : IF_COMM_RCV_HIGH;

	priv->can.state = CAN_STATE_ERROR_ACTIVE;

	/* Attempt to use "active" if available else use "default" */
	p = pinctrl_get_select(priv->device, "active");
	if (!IS_ERR(p))
		pinctrl_put(p);
	else
		pinctrl_pm_select_default_state(priv->device);

	return 0;
}

static void c_can_stop(struct net_device *dev)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);

	c_can_irq_control(priv, false);

	/* put ctrl to init on stop to end ongoing transmission */
	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_REG, CONTROL_INIT);

	/* deactivate pins */
	pinctrl_pm_select_sleep_state(dev->dev.parent);
	priv->can.state = CAN_STATE_STOPPED;
}

static int c_can_set_mode(struct net_device *dev, enum can_mode mode)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	int err;

	switch (mode) {
	case CAN_MODE_START:
		err = c_can_start(dev);
		if (err)
			return err;
		netif_wake_queue(dev);
		c_can_irq_control(priv, true);
		break;
	default:
		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int __c_can_get_berr_counter(const struct net_device *dev,
				    struct can_berr_counter *bec)
{
	unsigned int reg_err_counter;
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);

	reg_err_counter = priv->read_reg(priv, C_CAN_ERR_CNT_REG);
	bec->rxerr = (reg_err_counter & ERR_CNT_REC_MASK) >>
				ERR_CNT_REC_SHIFT;
	bec->txerr = reg_err_counter & ERR_CNT_TEC_MASK;

	return 0;
}

static int c_can_get_berr_counter(const struct net_device *dev,
				  struct can_berr_counter *bec)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	int err;

	c_can_pm_runtime_get_sync(priv);
	err = __c_can_get_berr_counter(dev, bec);
	c_can_pm_runtime_put_sync(priv);

	return err;
}

static void c_can_do_tx(struct net_device *dev)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	struct net_device_stats *stats = &dev->stats;
	u32 idx, obj, pkts = 0, bytes = 0, pend, clr;

	clr = pend = priv->read_reg(priv, C_CAN_INTPND2_REG);

	while ((idx = ffs(pend))) {
		idx--;
		pend &= ~(1 << idx);
		obj = idx + C_CAN_MSG_OBJ_TX_FIRST;
		c_can_inval_tx_object(dev, IF_RX, obj);
		can_get_echo_skb(dev, idx);
		bytes += priv->dlc[idx];
		pkts++;
	}

	/* Clear the bits in the tx_active mask */
	atomic_sub(clr, &priv->tx_active);

	if (clr & (1 << (C_CAN_MSG_OBJ_TX_NUM - 1)))
		netif_wake_queue(dev);

	if (pkts) {
		stats->tx_bytes += bytes;
		stats->tx_packets += pkts;
		can_led_event(dev, CAN_LED_EVENT_TX);
	}
}

/*
 * If we have a gap in the pending bits, that means we either
 * raced with the hardware or failed to readout all upper
 * objects in the last run due to quota limit.
 */
static u32 c_can_adjust_pending(u32 pend)
{
	u32 weight, lasts;

	if (pend == RECEIVE_OBJECT_BITS)
		return pend;

	/*
	 * If the last set bit is larger than the number of pending
	 * bits we have a gap.
	 */
	weight = hweight32(pend);
	lasts = fls(pend);

	/* If the bits are linear, nothing to do */
	if (lasts == weight)
		return pend;

	/*
	 * Find the first set bit after the gap. We walk backwards
	 * from the last set bit.
	 */
	for (lasts--; pend & (1 << (lasts - 1)); lasts--);

	return pend & ~((1 << lasts) - 1);
}

static inline void c_can_rx_object_get(struct net_device *dev,
				       struct c_can_priv *priv, u32 obj)
{
		c_can_object_get(dev, IF_RX, obj, priv->comm_rcv_high);
}

static inline void c_can_rx_finalize(struct net_device *dev,
				     struct c_can_priv *priv, u32 obj)
{
	if (priv->type != BOSCH_D_CAN)
		c_can_object_get(dev, IF_RX, obj, IF_COMM_CLR_NEWDAT);
}

static int c_can_read_objects(struct net_device *dev, struct c_can_priv *priv,
			      u32 pend, int quota)
{
	u32 pkts = 0, ctrl, obj;

	while ((obj = ffs(pend)) && quota > 0) {
		pend &= ~BIT(obj - 1);

		c_can_rx_object_get(dev, priv, obj);
		ctrl = priv->read_reg(priv, C_CAN_IFACE(MSGCTRL_REG, IF_RX));

		if (ctrl & IF_MCONT_MSGLST) {
			int n = c_can_handle_lost_msg_obj(dev, IF_RX, obj, ctrl);

			pkts += n;
			quota -= n;
			continue;
		}

		/*
		 * This really should not happen, but this covers some
		 * odd HW behaviour. Do not remove that unless you
		 * want to brick your machine.
		 */
		if (!(ctrl & IF_MCONT_NEWDAT))
			continue;

		/* read the data from the message object */
		c_can_read_msg_object(dev, IF_RX, ctrl);

		c_can_rx_finalize(dev, priv, obj);

		pkts++;
		quota--;
	}

	return pkts;
}

static inline u32 c_can_get_pending(struct c_can_priv *priv)
{
	u32 pend = priv->read_reg(priv, C_CAN_NEWDAT1_REG);

	return pend;
}

/*
 * theory of operation:
 *
 * c_can core saves a received CAN message into the first free message
 * object it finds free (starting with the lowest). Bits NEWDAT and
 * INTPND are set for this message object indicating that a new message
 * has arrived. To work-around this issue, we keep two groups of message
 * objects whose partitioning is defined by C_CAN_MSG_OBJ_RX_SPLIT.
 *
 * We clear the newdat bit right away.
 *
 * This can result in packet reordering when the readout is slow.
 */
static int c_can_do_rx_poll(struct net_device *dev, int quota)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	u32 pkts = 0, pend = 0, toread, n;

	/*
	 * It is faster to read only one 16bit register. This is only possible
	 * for a maximum number of 16 objects.
	 */
	BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(C_CAN_MSG_OBJ_RX_LAST > 16,
			"Implementation does not support more message objects than 16");

	while (quota > 0) {
		if (!pend) {
			pend = c_can_get_pending(priv);
			if (!pend)
				break;
			/*
			 * If the pending field has a gap, handle the
			 * bits above the gap first.
			 */
			toread = c_can_adjust_pending(pend);
		} else {
			toread = pend;
		}
		/* Remove the bits from pend */
		pend &= ~toread;
		/* Read the objects */
		n = c_can_read_objects(dev, priv, toread, quota);
		pkts += n;
		quota -= n;
	}

	if (pkts)
		can_led_event(dev, CAN_LED_EVENT_RX);

	return pkts;
}

static int c_can_handle_state_change(struct net_device *dev,
				enum c_can_bus_error_types error_type)
{
	unsigned int reg_err_counter;
	unsigned int rx_err_passive;
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	struct net_device_stats *stats = &dev->stats;
	struct can_frame *cf;
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	struct can_berr_counter bec;

	switch (error_type) {
	case C_CAN_NO_ERROR:
		priv->can.state = CAN_STATE_ERROR_ACTIVE;
		break;
	case C_CAN_ERROR_WARNING:
		/* error warning state */
		priv->can.can_stats.error_warning++;
		priv->can.state = CAN_STATE_ERROR_WARNING;
		break;
	case C_CAN_ERROR_PASSIVE:
		/* error passive state */
		priv->can.can_stats.error_passive++;
		priv->can.state = CAN_STATE_ERROR_PASSIVE;
		break;
	case C_CAN_BUS_OFF:
		/* bus-off state */
		priv->can.state = CAN_STATE_BUS_OFF;
		priv->can.can_stats.bus_off++;
		break;
	default:
		break;
	}

	/* propagate the error condition to the CAN stack */
	skb = alloc_can_err_skb(dev, &cf);
	if (unlikely(!skb))
		return 0;

	__c_can_get_berr_counter(dev, &bec);
	reg_err_counter = priv->read_reg(priv, C_CAN_ERR_CNT_REG);
	rx_err_passive = (reg_err_counter & ERR_CNT_RP_MASK) >>
				ERR_CNT_RP_SHIFT;

	switch (error_type) {
	case C_CAN_NO_ERROR:
		/* error warning state */
		cf->can_id |= CAN_ERR_CRTL;
		cf->data[1] = CAN_ERR_CRTL_ACTIVE;
		cf->data[6] = bec.txerr;
		cf->data[7] = bec.rxerr;
		break;
	case C_CAN_ERROR_WARNING:
		/* error warning state */
		cf->can_id |= CAN_ERR_CRTL;
		cf->data[1] = (bec.txerr > bec.rxerr) ?
			CAN_ERR_CRTL_TX_WARNING :
			CAN_ERR_CRTL_RX_WARNING;
		cf->data[6] = bec.txerr;
		cf->data[7] = bec.rxerr;

		break;
	case C_CAN_ERROR_PASSIVE:
		/* error passive state */
		cf->can_id |= CAN_ERR_CRTL;
		if (rx_err_passive)
			cf->data[1] |= CAN_ERR_CRTL_RX_PASSIVE;
		if (bec.txerr > 127)
			cf->data[1] |= CAN_ERR_CRTL_TX_PASSIVE;

		cf->data[6] = bec.txerr;
		cf->data[7] = bec.rxerr;
		break;
	case C_CAN_BUS_OFF:
		/* bus-off state */
		cf->can_id |= CAN_ERR_BUSOFF;
		can_bus_off(dev);
		break;
	default:
		break;
	}

	stats->rx_packets++;
	stats->rx_bytes += cf->can_dlc;
	netif_receive_skb(skb);

	return 1;
}

static int c_can_handle_bus_err(struct net_device *dev,
				enum c_can_lec_type lec_type)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	struct net_device_stats *stats = &dev->stats;
	struct can_frame *cf;
	struct sk_buff *skb;

	/*
	 * early exit if no lec update or no error.
	 * no lec update means that no CAN bus event has been detected
	 * since CPU wrote 0x7 value to status reg.
	 */
	if (lec_type == LEC_UNUSED || lec_type == LEC_NO_ERROR)
		return 0;

	if (!(priv->can.ctrlmode & CAN_CTRLMODE_BERR_REPORTING))
		return 0;

	/* common for all type of bus errors */
	priv->can.can_stats.bus_error++;
	stats->rx_errors++;

	/* propagate the error condition to the CAN stack */
	skb = alloc_can_err_skb(dev, &cf);
	if (unlikely(!skb))
		return 0;

	/*
	 * check for 'last error code' which tells us the
	 * type of the last error to occur on the CAN bus
	 */
	cf->can_id |= CAN_ERR_PROT | CAN_ERR_BUSERROR;

	switch (lec_type) {
	case LEC_STUFF_ERROR:
		netdev_dbg(dev, "stuff error\n");
		cf->data[2] |= CAN_ERR_PROT_STUFF;
		break;
	case LEC_FORM_ERROR:
		netdev_dbg(dev, "form error\n");
		cf->data[2] |= CAN_ERR_PROT_FORM;
		break;
	case LEC_ACK_ERROR:
		netdev_dbg(dev, "ack error\n");
		cf->data[3] = CAN_ERR_PROT_LOC_ACK;
		break;
	case LEC_BIT1_ERROR:
		netdev_dbg(dev, "bit1 error\n");
		cf->data[2] |= CAN_ERR_PROT_BIT1;
		break;
	case LEC_BIT0_ERROR:
		netdev_dbg(dev, "bit0 error\n");
		cf->data[2] |= CAN_ERR_PROT_BIT0;
		break;
	case LEC_CRC_ERROR:
		netdev_dbg(dev, "CRC error\n");
		cf->data[3] = CAN_ERR_PROT_LOC_CRC_SEQ;
		break;
	default:
		break;
	}

	stats->rx_packets++;
	stats->rx_bytes += cf->can_dlc;
	netif_receive_skb(skb);
	return 1;
}

static int c_can_poll(struct napi_struct *napi, int quota)
{
	struct net_device *dev = napi->dev;
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	u16 curr, last = priv->last_status;
	int work_done = 0;

	/* Only read the status register if a status interrupt was pending */
	if (atomic_xchg(&priv->sie_pending, 0)) {
		priv->last_status = curr = priv->read_reg(priv, C_CAN_STS_REG);
		/* Ack status on C_CAN. D_CAN is self clearing */
		if (priv->type != BOSCH_D_CAN)
			priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_STS_REG, LEC_UNUSED);
	} else {
		/* no change detected ... */
		curr = last;
	}

	/* handle state changes */
	if ((curr & STATUS_EWARN) && (!(last & STATUS_EWARN))) {
		netdev_dbg(dev, "entered error warning state\n");
		work_done += c_can_handle_state_change(dev, C_CAN_ERROR_WARNING);
	}

	if ((curr & STATUS_EPASS) && (!(last & STATUS_EPASS))) {
		netdev_dbg(dev, "entered error passive state\n");
		work_done += c_can_handle_state_change(dev, C_CAN_ERROR_PASSIVE);
	}

	if ((curr & STATUS_BOFF) && (!(last & STATUS_BOFF))) {
		netdev_dbg(dev, "entered bus off state\n");
		work_done += c_can_handle_state_change(dev, C_CAN_BUS_OFF);
		goto end;
	}

	/* handle bus recovery events */
	if ((!(curr & STATUS_BOFF)) && (last & STATUS_BOFF)) {
		netdev_dbg(dev, "left bus off state\n");
		work_done += c_can_handle_state_change(dev, C_CAN_ERROR_PASSIVE);
	}

	if ((!(curr & STATUS_EPASS)) && (last & STATUS_EPASS)) {
		netdev_dbg(dev, "left error passive state\n");
		work_done += c_can_handle_state_change(dev, C_CAN_ERROR_WARNING);
	}

	if ((!(curr & STATUS_EWARN)) && (last & STATUS_EWARN)) {
		netdev_dbg(dev, "left error warning state\n");
		work_done += c_can_handle_state_change(dev, C_CAN_NO_ERROR);
	}

	/* handle lec errors on the bus */
	work_done += c_can_handle_bus_err(dev, curr & LEC_MASK);

	/* Handle Tx/Rx events. We do this unconditionally */
	work_done += c_can_do_rx_poll(dev, (quota - work_done));
	c_can_do_tx(dev);

end:
	if (work_done < quota) {
		napi_complete_done(napi, work_done);
		/* enable all IRQs if we are not in bus off state */
		if (priv->can.state != CAN_STATE_BUS_OFF)
			c_can_irq_control(priv, true);
	}

	return work_done;
}

static irqreturn_t c_can_isr(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
	struct net_device *dev = (struct net_device *)dev_id;
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	int reg_int;

	reg_int = priv->read_reg(priv, C_CAN_INT_REG);
	if (!reg_int)
		return IRQ_NONE;

	/* save for later use */
	if (reg_int & INT_STS_PENDING)
		atomic_set(&priv->sie_pending, 1);

	/* disable all interrupts and schedule the NAPI */
	c_can_irq_control(priv, false);
	napi_schedule(&priv->napi);

	return IRQ_HANDLED;
}

static int c_can_open(struct net_device *dev)
{
	int err;
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);

	c_can_pm_runtime_get_sync(priv);
	c_can_reset_ram(priv, true);

	/* open the can device */
	err = open_candev(dev);
	if (err) {
		netdev_err(dev, "failed to open can device\n");
		goto exit_open_fail;
	}

	/* register interrupt handler */
	err = request_irq(dev->irq, &c_can_isr, IRQF_SHARED, dev->name,
				dev);
	if (err < 0) {
		netdev_err(dev, "failed to request interrupt\n");
		goto exit_irq_fail;
	}

	/* start the c_can controller */
	err = c_can_start(dev);
	if (err)
		goto exit_start_fail;

	can_led_event(dev, CAN_LED_EVENT_OPEN);

	napi_enable(&priv->napi);
	/* enable status change, error and module interrupts */
	c_can_irq_control(priv, true);
	netif_start_queue(dev);

	return 0;

exit_start_fail:
	free_irq(dev->irq, dev);
exit_irq_fail:
	close_candev(dev);
exit_open_fail:
	c_can_reset_ram(priv, false);
	c_can_pm_runtime_put_sync(priv);
	return err;
}

static int c_can_close(struct net_device *dev)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);

	netif_stop_queue(dev);
	napi_disable(&priv->napi);
	c_can_stop(dev);
	free_irq(dev->irq, dev);
	close_candev(dev);

	c_can_reset_ram(priv, false);
	c_can_pm_runtime_put_sync(priv);

	can_led_event(dev, CAN_LED_EVENT_STOP);

	return 0;
}

struct net_device *alloc_c_can_dev(void)
{
	struct net_device *dev;
	struct c_can_priv *priv;

	dev = alloc_candev(sizeof(struct c_can_priv), C_CAN_MSG_OBJ_TX_NUM);
	if (!dev)
		return NULL;

	priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	netif_napi_add(dev, &priv->napi, c_can_poll, C_CAN_NAPI_WEIGHT);

	priv->dev = dev;
	priv->can.bittiming_const = &c_can_bittiming_const;
	priv->can.do_set_mode = c_can_set_mode;
	priv->can.do_get_berr_counter = c_can_get_berr_counter;
	priv->can.ctrlmode_supported = CAN_CTRLMODE_LOOPBACK |
					CAN_CTRLMODE_LISTENONLY |
					CAN_CTRLMODE_BERR_REPORTING;

	return dev;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(alloc_c_can_dev);

#ifdef CONFIG_PM
int c_can_power_down(struct net_device *dev)
{
	u32 val;
	unsigned long time_out;
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);

	if (!(dev->flags & IFF_UP))
		return 0;

	WARN_ON(priv->type != BOSCH_D_CAN);

	/* set PDR value so the device goes to power down mode */
	val = priv->read_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_EX_REG);
	val |= CONTROL_EX_PDR;
	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_EX_REG, val);

	/* Wait for the PDA bit to get set */
	time_out = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(INIT_WAIT_MS);
	while (!(priv->read_reg(priv, C_CAN_STS_REG) & STATUS_PDA) &&
				time_after(time_out, jiffies))
		cpu_relax();

	if (time_after(jiffies, time_out))
		return -ETIMEDOUT;

	c_can_stop(dev);

	c_can_reset_ram(priv, false);
	c_can_pm_runtime_put_sync(priv);

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(c_can_power_down);

int c_can_power_up(struct net_device *dev)
{
	u32 val;
	unsigned long time_out;
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	int ret;

	if (!(dev->flags & IFF_UP))
		return 0;

	WARN_ON(priv->type != BOSCH_D_CAN);

	c_can_pm_runtime_get_sync(priv);
	c_can_reset_ram(priv, true);

	/* Clear PDR and INIT bits */
	val = priv->read_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_EX_REG);
	val &= ~CONTROL_EX_PDR;
	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_EX_REG, val);
	val = priv->read_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_REG);
	val &= ~CONTROL_INIT;
	priv->write_reg(priv, C_CAN_CTRL_REG, val);

	/* Wait for the PDA bit to get clear */
	time_out = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(INIT_WAIT_MS);
	while ((priv->read_reg(priv, C_CAN_STS_REG) & STATUS_PDA) &&
				time_after(time_out, jiffies))
		cpu_relax();

	if (time_after(jiffies, time_out))
		return -ETIMEDOUT;

	ret = c_can_start(dev);
	if (!ret)
		c_can_irq_control(priv, true);

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(c_can_power_up);
#endif

void free_c_can_dev(struct net_device *dev)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);

	netif_napi_del(&priv->napi);
	free_candev(dev);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(free_c_can_dev);

static const struct net_device_ops c_can_netdev_ops = {
	.ndo_open = c_can_open,
	.ndo_stop = c_can_close,
	.ndo_start_xmit = c_can_start_xmit,
	.ndo_change_mtu = can_change_mtu,
};

int register_c_can_dev(struct net_device *dev)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);
	int err;

	/* Deactivate pins to prevent DRA7 DCAN IP from being
	 * stuck in transition when module is disabled.
	 * Pins are activated in c_can_start() and deactivated
	 * in c_can_stop()
	 */
	pinctrl_pm_select_sleep_state(dev->dev.parent);

	c_can_pm_runtime_enable(priv);

	dev->flags |= IFF_ECHO;	/* we support local echo */
	dev->netdev_ops = &c_can_netdev_ops;

	err = register_candev(dev);
	if (err)
		c_can_pm_runtime_disable(priv);
	else
		devm_can_led_init(dev);

	return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_c_can_dev);

void unregister_c_can_dev(struct net_device *dev)
{
	struct c_can_priv *priv = netdev_priv(dev);

	unregister_candev(dev);

	c_can_pm_runtime_disable(priv);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_c_can_dev);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Bhupesh Sharma <bhupesh.sharma@st.com>");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("CAN bus driver for Bosch C_CAN controller"