/*
 * Copyright © 2015-2016 Intel Corporation
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
 * copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
 * to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
 * the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
 * and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
 * Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice (including the next
 * paragraph) shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the
 * Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.  IN NO EVENT SHALL
 * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
 * FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS
 * IN THE SOFTWARE.
 *
 * Authors:
 *   Robert Bragg <robert@sixbynine.org>
 */


/**
 * DOC: i915 Perf Overview
 *
 * Gen graphics supports a large number of performance counters that can help
 * driver and application developers understand and optimize their use of the
 * GPU.
 *
 * This i915 perf interface enables userspace to configure and open a file
 * descriptor representing a stream of GPU metrics which can then be read() as
 * a stream of sample records.
 *
 * The interface is particularly suited to exposing buffered metrics that are
 * captured by DMA from the GPU, unsynchronized with and unrelated to the CPU.
 *
 * Streams representing a single context are accessible to applications with a
 * corresponding drm file descriptor, such that OpenGL can use the interface
 * without special privileges. Access to system-wide metrics requires root
 * privileges by default, unless changed via the dev.i915.perf_event_paranoid
 * sysctl option.
 *
 */

/**
 * DOC: i915 Perf History and Comparison with Core Perf
 *
 * The interface was initially inspired by the core Perf infrastructure but
 * some notable differences are:
 *
 * i915 perf file descriptors represent a "stream" instead of an "event"; where
 * a perf event primarily corresponds to a single 64bit value, while a stream
 * might sample sets of tightly-coupled counters, depending on the
 * configuration.  For example the Gen OA unit isn't designed to support
 * orthogonal configurations of individual counters; it's configured for a set
 * of related counters. Samples for an i915 perf stream capturing OA metrics
 * will include a set of counter values packed in a compact HW specific format.
 * The OA unit supports a number of different packing formats which can be
 * selected by the user opening the stream. Perf has support for grouping
 * events, but each event in the group is configured, validated and
 * authenticated individually with separate system calls.
 *
 * i915 perf stream configurations are provided as an array of u64 (key,value)
 * pairs, instead of a fixed struct with multiple miscellaneous config members,
 * interleaved with event-type specific members.
 *
 * i915 perf doesn't support exposing metrics via an mmap'd circular buffer.
 * The supported metrics are being written to memory by the GPU unsynchronized
 * with the CPU, using HW specific packing formats for counter sets. Sometimes
 * the constraints on HW configuration require reports to be filtered before it
 * would be acceptable to expose them to unprivileged applications - to hide
 * the metrics of other processes/contexts. For these use cases a read() based
 * interface is a good fit, and provides an opportunity to filter data as it
 * gets copied from the GPU mapped buffers to userspace buffers.
 *
 *
 * Issues hit with first prototype based on Core Perf
 * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 *
 * The first prototype of this driver was based on the core perf
 * infrastructure, and while we did make that mostly work, with some changes to
 * perf, we found we were breaking or working around too many assumptions baked
 * into perf's currently cpu centric design.
 *
 * In the end we didn't see a clear benefit to making perf's implementation and
 * interface more complex by changing design assumptions while we knew we still
 * wouldn't be able to use any existing perf based userspace tools.
 *
 * Also considering the Gen specific nature of the Observability hardware and
 * how userspace will sometimes need to combine i915 perf OA metrics with
 * side-band OA data captured via MI_REPORT_PERF_COUNT commands; we're
 * expecting the interface to be used by a platform specific userspace such as
 * OpenGL or tools. This is to say; we aren't inherently missing out on having
 * a standard vendor/architecture agnostic interface by not using perf.
 *
 *
 * For posterity, in case we might re-visit trying to adapt core perf to be
 * better suited to exposing i915 metrics these were the main pain points we
 * hit:
 *
 * - The perf based OA PMU driver broke some significant design assumptions:
 *
 *   Existing perf pmus are used for profiling work on a cpu and we were
 *   introducing the idea of _IS_DEVICE pmus with different security
 *   implications, the need to fake cpu-related data (such as user/kernel
 *   registers) to fit with perf's current design, and adding _DEVICE records
 *   as a way to forward device-specific status records.
 *
 *   The OA unit writes reports of counters into a circular buffer, without
 *   involvement from the CPU, making our PMU driver the first of a kind.
 *
 *   Given the way we were periodically forward data from the GPU-mapped, OA
 *   buffer to perf's buffer, those bursts of sample writes looked to perf like
 *   we were sampling too fast and so we had to subvert its throttling checks.
 *
 *   Perf supports groups of counters and allows those to be read via
 *   transactions internally but transactions currently seem designed to be
 *   explicitly initiated from the cpu (say in response to a userspace read())
 *   and while we could pull a report out of the OA buffer we can't
 *   trigger a report from the cpu on demand.
 *
 *   Related to being report based; the OA counters are configured in HW as a
 *   set while perf generally expects counter configurations to be orthogonal.
 *   Although counters can be associated with a group leader as they are
 *   opened, there's no clear precedent for being able to provide group-wide
 *   configuration attributes (for example we want to let userspace choose the
 *   OA unit report format used to capture all counters in a set, or specify a
 *   GPU context to filter metrics on). We avoided using perf's grouping
 *   feature and forwarded OA reports to userspace via perf's 'raw' sample
 *   field. This suited our userspace well considering how coupled the counters
 *   are when dealing with normalizing. It would be inconvenient to split
 *   counters up into separate events, only to require userspace to recombine
 *   them. For Mesa it's also convenient to be forwarded raw, periodic reports
 *   for combining with the side-band raw reports it captures using
 *   MI_REPORT_PERF_COUNT commands.
 *
 *   - As a side note on perf's grouping feature; there was also some concern
 *     that using PERF_FORMAT_GROUP as a way to pack together counter values
 *     would quite drastically inflate our sample sizes, which would likely
 *     lower the effective sampling resolutions we could use when the available
 *     memory bandwidth is limited.
 *
 *     With the OA unit's report formats, counters are packed together as 32
 *     or 40bit values, with the largest report size being 256 bytes.
 *
 *     PERF_FORMAT_GROUP values are 64bit, but there doesn't appear to be a
 *     documented ordering to the values, implying PERF_FORMAT_ID must also be
 *     used to add a 64bit ID before each value; giving 16 bytes per counter.
 *
 *   Related to counter orthogonality; we can't time share the OA unit, while
 *   event scheduling is a central design idea within perf for allowing
 *   userspace to open + enable more events than can be configured in HW at any
 *   one time.  The OA unit is not designed to allow re-configuration while in
 *   use. We can't reconfigure the OA unit without losing internal OA unit
 *   state which we can't access explicitly to save and restore. Reconfiguring
 *   the OA unit is also relatively slow, involving ~100 register writes. From
 *   userspace Mesa also depends on a stable OA configuration when emitting
 *   MI_REPORT_PERF_COUNT commands and importantly the OA unit can't be
 *   disabled while there are outstanding MI_RPC commands lest we hang the
 *   command streamer.
 *
 *   The contents of sample records aren't extensible by device drivers (i.e.
 *   the sample_type bits). As an example; Sourab Gupta had been looking to
 *   attach GPU timestamps to our OA samples. We were shoehorning OA reports
 *   into sample records by using the 'raw' field, but it's tricky to pack more
 *   than one thing into this field because events/core.c currently only lets a
 *   pmu give a single raw data pointer plus len which will be copied into the
 *   ring buffer. To include more than the OA report we'd have to copy the
 *   report into an intermediate larger buffer. I'd been considering allowing a
 *   vector of data+len values to be specified for copying the raw data, but
 *   it felt like a kludge to being using the raw field for this purpose.
 *
 * - It felt like our perf based PMU was making some technical compromises
 *   just for the sake of using perf:
 *
 *   perf_event_open() requires events to either relate to a pid or a specific
 *   cpu core, while our device pmu related to neither.  Events opened with a
 *   pid will be automatically enabled/disabled according to the scheduling of
 *   that process - so not appropriate for us. When an event is related to a
 *   cpu id, perf ensures pmu methods will be invoked via an inter process
 *   interrupt on that core. To avoid invasive changes our userspace opened OA
 *   perf events for a specific cpu. This was workable but it meant the
 *   majority of the OA driver ran in atomic context, including all OA report
 *   forwarding, which wasn't really necessary in our case and seems to make
 *   our locking requirements somewhat complex as we handled the interaction
 *   with the rest of the i915 driver.
 */

#include <linux/anon_inodes.h>
#include <linux/sizes.h>
#include <linux/uuid.h>

#include "gem/i915_gem_context.h"
#include "gem/i915_gem_pm.h"
#include "gt/intel_lrc_reg.h"

#include "i915_drv.h"
#include "i915_perf.h"
#include "oa/i915_oa_hsw.h"
#include "oa/i915_oa_bdw.h"
#include "oa/i915_oa_chv.h"
#include "oa/i915_oa_sklgt2.h"
#include "oa/i915_oa_sklgt3.h"
#include "oa/i915_oa_sklgt4.h"
#include "oa/i915_oa_bxt.h"
#include "oa/i915_oa_kblgt2.h"
#include "oa/i915_oa_kblgt3.h"
#include "oa/i915_oa_glk.h"
#include "oa/i915_oa_cflgt2.h"
#include "oa/i915_oa_cflgt3.h"
#include "oa/i915_oa_cnl.h"
#include "oa/i915_oa_icl.h"

/* HW requires this to be a power of two, between 128k and 16M, though driver
 * is currently generally designed assuming the largest 16M size is used such
 * that the overflow cases are unlikely in normal operation.
 */
#define OA_BUFFER_SIZE		SZ_16M

#define OA_TAKEN(tail, head)	((tail - head) & (OA_BUFFER_SIZE - 1))

/**
 * DOC: OA Tail Pointer Race
 *
 * There's a HW race condition between OA unit tail pointer register updates and
 * writes to memory whereby the tail pointer can sometimes get ahead of what's
 * been written out to the OA buffer so far (in terms of what's visible to the
 * CPU).
 *
 * Although this can be observed explicitly while copying reports to userspace
 * by checking for a zeroed report-id field in tail reports, we want to account
 * for this earlier, as part of the oa_buffer_check to avoid lots of redundant
 * read() attempts.
 *
 * In effect we define a tail pointer for reading that lags the real tail
 * pointer by at least %OA_TAIL_MARGIN_NSEC nanoseconds, which gives enough
 * time for the corresponding reports to become visible to the CPU.
 *
 * To manage this we actually track two tail pointers:
 *  1) An 'aging' tail with an associated timestamp that is tracked until we
 *     can trust the corresponding data is visible to the CPU; at which point
 *     it is considered 'aged'.
 *  2) An 'aged' tail that can be used for read()ing.
 *
 * The two separate pointers let us decouple read()s from tail pointer aging.
 *
 * The tail pointers are checked and updated at a limited rate within a hrtimer
 * callback (the same callback that is used for delivering EPOLLIN events)
 *
 * Initially the tails are marked invalid with %INVALID_TAIL_PTR which
 * indicates that an updated tail pointer is needed.
 *
 * Most of the implementation details for this workaround are in
 * oa_buffer_check_unlocked() and _append_oa_reports()
 *
 * Note for posterity: previously the driver used to define an effective tail
 * pointer that lagged the real pointer by a 'tail margin' measured in bytes
 * derived from %OA_TAIL_MARGIN_NSEC and the configured sampling frequency.
 * This was flawed considering that the OA unit may also automatically generate
 * non-periodic reports (such as on context switch) or the OA unit may be
 * enabled without any periodic sampling.
 */
#define OA_TAIL_MARGIN_NSEC	100000ULL
#define INVALID_TAIL_PTR	0xffffffff

/* frequency for checking whether the OA unit has written new reports to the
 * circular OA buffer...
 */
#define POLL_FREQUENCY 200
#define POLL_PERIOD (NSEC_PER_SEC / POLL_FREQUENCY)

/* for sysctl proc_dointvec_minmax of dev.i915.perf_stream_paranoid */
static u32 i915_perf_stream_paranoid = true;

/* The maximum exponent the hardware accepts is 63 (essentially it selects one
 * of the 64bit timestamp bits to trigger reports from) but there's currently
 * no known use case for sampling as infrequently as once per 47 thousand years.
 *
 * Since the timestamps included in OA reports are only 32bits it seems
 * reasonable to limit the OA exponent where it's still possible to account for
 * overflow in OA report timestamps.
 */
#define OA_EXPONENT_MAX 31

#define INVALID_CTX_ID 0xffffffff

/* On Gen8+ automatically triggered OA reports include a 'reason' field... */
#define OAREPORT_REASON_MASK           0x3f
#define OAREPORT_REASON_SHIFT          19
#define OAREPORT_REASON_TIMER          (1<<0)
#define OAREPORT_REASON_CTX_SWITCH     (1<<3)
#define OAREPORT_REASON_CLK_RATIO      (1<<5)


/* For sysctl proc_dointvec_minmax of i915_oa_max_sample_rate
 *
 * The highest sampling frequency we can theoretically program the OA unit
 * with is always half the timestamp frequency: E.g. 6.25Mhz for Haswell.
 *
 * Initialized just before we register the sysctl parameter.
 */
static int oa_sample_rate_hard_limit;

/* Theoretically we can program the OA unit to sample every 160ns but don't
 * allow that by default unless root...
 *
 * The default threshold of 100000Hz is based on perf's similar
 * kernel.perf_event_max_sample_rate sysctl parameter.
 */
static u32 i915_oa_max_sample_rate = 100000;

/* XXX: beware if future OA HW adds new report formats that the current
 * code assumes all reports have a power-of-two size and ~(size - 1) can
 * be used as a mask to align the OA tail pointer.
 */
static const struct i915_oa_format hsw_oa_formats[I915_OA_FORMAT_MAX] = {
	[I915_OA_FORMAT_A13]	    = { 0, 64 },
	[I915_OA_FORMAT_A29]	    = { 1, 128 },
	[I915_OA_FORMAT_A13_B8_C8]  = { 2, 128 },
	/* A29_B8_C8 Disallowed as 192 bytes doesn't factor into buffer size */
	[I915_OA_FORMAT_B4_C8]	    = { 4, 64 },
	[I915_OA_FORMAT_A45_B8_C8]  = { 5, 256 },
	[I915_OA_FORMAT_B4_C8_A16]  = { 6, 128 },
	[I915_OA_FORMAT_C4_B8]	    = { 7, 64 },
};

static const struct i915_oa_format gen8_plus_oa_formats[I915_OA_FORMAT_MAX] = {
	[I915_OA_FORMAT_A12]		    = { 0, 64 },
	[I915_OA_FORMAT_A12_B8_C8]	    = { 2, 128 },
	[I915_OA_FORMAT_A32u40_A4u32_B8_C8] = { 5, 256 },
	[I915_OA_FORMAT_C4_B8]		    = { 7, 64 },
};

#define SAMPLE_OA_REPORT      (1<<0)

/**
 * struct perf_open_properties - for validated properties given to open a stream
 * @sample_flags: `DRM_I915_PERF_PROP_SAMPLE_*` properties are tracked as flags
 * @single_context: Whether a single or all gpu contexts should be monitored
 * @ctx_handle: A gem ctx handle for use with @single_context
 * @metrics_set: An ID for an OA unit metric set advertised via sysfs
 * @oa_format: An OA unit HW report format
 * @oa_periodic: Whether to enable periodic OA unit sampling
 * @oa_period_exponent: The OA unit sampling period is derived from this
 *
 * As read_properties_unlocked() enumerates and validates the properties given
 * to open a stream of metrics the configuration is built up in the structure
 * which starts out zero initialized.
 */
struct perf_open_properties {
	u32 sample_flags;

	u64 single_context:1;
	u64 ctx_handle;

	/* OA sampling state */
	int metrics_set;
	int oa_format;
	bool oa_periodic;
	int oa_period_exponent;
};

static enum hrtimer_restart oa_poll_check_timer_cb(struct hrtimer *hrtimer);

static void free_oa_config(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv,
			   struct i915_oa_config *oa_config)
{
	if (!PTR_ERR(oa_config->flex_regs))
		kfree(oa_config->flex_regs);
	if (!PTR_ERR(oa_config->b_counter_regs))
		kfree(oa_config->b_counter_regs);
	if (!PTR_ERR(oa_config->mux_regs))
		kfree(oa_config->mux_regs);
	kfree(oa_config);
}

static void put_oa_config(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv,
			  struct i915_oa_config *oa_config)
{
	if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&oa_config->ref_count))
		return;

	free_oa_config(dev_priv, oa_config);
}

static int get_oa_config(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv,
			 int metrics_set,
			 struct i915_oa_config **out_config)
{
	int ret;

	if (metrics_set == 1) {
		*out_config = &dev_priv->perf.test_config;
		atomic_inc(&dev_priv->perf.test_config.ref_count);
		return 0;
	}

	ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev_priv->perf.metrics_lock);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	*out_config = idr_find(&dev_priv->perf.metrics_idr, metrics_set);
	if (!*out_config)
		ret = -EINVAL;
	else
		atomic_inc(&(*out_config)->ref_count);

	mutex_unlock(&dev_priv->perf.metrics_lock);

	return ret;
}

static u32 gen8_oa_hw_tail_read(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;

	return I915_READ(GEN8_OATAILPTR) & GEN8_OATAILPTR_MASK;
}

static u32 gen7_oa_hw_tail_read(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	u32 oastatus1 = I915_READ(GEN7_OASTATUS1);

	return oastatus1 & GEN7_OASTATUS1_TAIL_MASK;
}

/**
 * oa_buffer_check_unlocked - check for data and update tail ptr state
 * @stream: i915 stream instance
 *
 * This is either called via fops (for blocking reads in user ctx) or the poll
 * check hrtimer (atomic ctx) to check the OA buffer tail pointer and check
 * if there is data available for userspace to read.
 *
 * This function is central to providing a workaround for the OA unit tail
 * pointer having a race with respect to what data is visible to the CPU.
 * It is responsible for reading tail pointers from the hardware and giving
 * the pointers time to 'age' before they are made available for reading.
 * (See description of OA_TAIL_MARGIN_NSEC above for further details.)
 *
 * Besides returning true when there is data available to read() this function
 * also has the side effect of updating the oa_buffer.tails[], .aging_timestamp
 * and .aged_tail_idx state used for reading.
 *
 * Note: It's safe to read OA config state here unlocked, assuming that this is
 * only called while the stream is enabled, while the global OA configuration
 * can't be modified.
 *
 * Returns: %true if the OA buffer contains data, else %false
 */
static bool oa_buffer_check_unlocked(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	int report_size = stream->oa_buffer.format_size;
	unsigned long flags;
	unsigned int aged_idx;
	u32 head, hw_tail, aged_tail, aging_tail;
	u64 now;

	/* We have to consider the (unlikely) possibility that read() errors
	 * could result in an OA buffer reset which might reset the head,
	 * tails[] and aged_tail state.
	 */
	spin_lock_irqsave(&stream->oa_buffer.ptr_lock, flags);

	/* NB: The head we observe here might effectively be a little out of
	 * date (between head and tails[aged_idx].offset if there is currently
	 * a read() in progress.
	 */
	head = stream->oa_buffer.head;

	aged_idx = stream->oa_buffer.aged_tail_idx;
	aged_tail = stream->oa_buffer.tails[aged_idx].offset;
	aging_tail = stream->oa_buffer.tails[!aged_idx].offset;

	hw_tail = dev_priv->perf.ops.oa_hw_tail_read(stream);

	/* The tail pointer increases in 64 byte increments,
	 * not in report_size steps...
	 */
	hw_tail &= ~(report_size - 1);

	now = ktime_get_mono_fast_ns();

	/* Update the aged tail
	 *
	 * Flip the tail pointer available for read()s once the aging tail is
	 * old enough to trust that the corresponding data will be visible to
	 * the CPU...
	 *
	 * Do this before updating the aging pointer in case we may be able to
	 * immediately start aging a new pointer too (if new data has become
	 * available) without needing to wait for a later hrtimer callback.
	 */
	if (aging_tail != INVALID_TAIL_PTR &&
	    ((now - stream->oa_buffer.aging_timestamp) >
	     OA_TAIL_MARGIN_NSEC)) {

		aged_idx ^= 1;
		stream->oa_buffer.aged_tail_idx = aged_idx;

		aged_tail = aging_tail;

		/* Mark that we need a new pointer to start aging... */
		stream->oa_buffer.tails[!aged_idx].offset = INVALID_TAIL_PTR;
		aging_tail = INVALID_TAIL_PTR;
	}

	/* Update the aging tail
	 *
	 * We throttle aging tail updates until we have a new tail that
	 * represents >= one report more data than is already available for
	 * reading. This ensures there will be enough data for a successful
	 * read once this new pointer has aged and ensures we will give the new
	 * pointer time to age.
	 */
	if (aging_tail == INVALID_TAIL_PTR &&
	    (aged_tail == INVALID_TAIL_PTR ||
	     OA_TAKEN(hw_tail, aged_tail) >= report_size)) {
		struct i915_vma *vma = stream->oa_buffer.vma;
		u32 gtt_offset = i915_ggtt_offset(vma);

		/* Be paranoid and do a bounds check on the pointer read back
		 * from hardware, just in case some spurious hardware condition
		 * could put the tail out of bounds...
		 */
		if (hw_tail >= gtt_offset &&
		    hw_tail < (gtt_offset + OA_BUFFER_SIZE)) {
			stream->oa_buffer.tails[!aged_idx].offset =
				aging_tail = hw_tail;
			stream->oa_buffer.aging_timestamp = now;
		} else {
			DRM_ERROR("Ignoring spurious out of range OA buffer tail pointer = %u\n",
				  hw_tail);
		}
	}

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&stream->oa_buffer.ptr_lock, flags);

	return aged_tail == INVALID_TAIL_PTR ?
		false : OA_TAKEN(aged_tail, head) >= report_size;
}

/**
 * append_oa_status - Appends a status record to a userspace read() buffer.
 * @stream: An i915-perf stream opened for OA metrics
 * @buf: destination buffer given by userspace
 * @count: the number of bytes userspace wants to read
 * @offset: (inout): the current position for writing into @buf
 * @type: The kind of status to report to userspace
 *
 * Writes a status record (such as `DRM_I915_PERF_RECORD_OA_REPORT_LOST`)
 * into the userspace read() buffer.
 *
 * The @buf @offset will only be updated on success.
 *
 * Returns: 0 on success, negative error code on failure.
 */
static int append_oa_status(struct i915_perf_stream *stream,
			    char __user *buf,
			    size_t count,
			    size_t *offset,
			    enum drm_i915_perf_record_type type)
{
	struct drm_i915_perf_record_header header = { type, 0, sizeof(header) };

	if ((count - *offset) < header.size)
		return -ENOSPC;

	if (copy_to_user(buf + *offset, &header, sizeof(header)))
		return -EFAULT;

	(*offset) += header.size;

	return 0;
}

/**
 * append_oa_sample - Copies single OA report into userspace read() buffer.
 * @stream: An i915-perf stream opened for OA metrics
 * @buf: destination buffer given by userspace
 * @count: the number of bytes userspace wants to read
 * @offset: (inout): the current position for writing into @buf
 * @report: A single OA report to (optionally) include as part of the sample
 *
 * The contents of a sample are configured through `DRM_I915_PERF_PROP_SAMPLE_*`
 * properties when opening a stream, tracked as `stream->sample_flags`. This
 * function copies the requested components of a single sample to the given
 * read() @buf.
 *
 * The @buf @offset will only be updated on success.
 *
 * Returns: 0 on success, negative error code on failure.
 */
static int append_oa_sample(struct i915_perf_stream *stream,
			    char __user *buf,
			    size_t count,
			    size_t *offset,
			    const u8 *report)
{
	int report_size = stream->oa_buffer.format_size;
	struct drm_i915_perf_record_header header;
	u32 sample_flags = stream->sample_flags;

	header.type = DRM_I915_PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE;
	header.pad = 0;
	header.size = stream->sample_size;

	if ((count - *offset) < header.size)
		return -ENOSPC;

	buf += *offset;
	if (copy_to_user(buf, &header, sizeof(header)))
		return -EFAULT;
	buf += sizeof(header);

	if (sample_flags & SAMPLE_OA_REPORT) {
		if (copy_to_user(buf, report, report_size))
			return -EFAULT;
	}

	(*offset) += header.size;

	return 0;
}

/**
 * Copies all buffered OA reports into userspace read() buffer.
 * @stream: An i915-perf stream opened for OA metrics
 * @buf: destination buffer given by userspace
 * @count: the number of bytes userspace wants to read
 * @offset: (inout): the current position for writing into @buf
 *
 * Notably any error condition resulting in a short read (-%ENOSPC or
 * -%EFAULT) will be returned even though one or more records may
 * have been successfully copied. In this case it's up to the caller
 * to decide if the error should be squashed before returning to
 * userspace.
 *
 * Note: reports are consumed from the head, and appended to the
 * tail, so the tail chases the head?... If you think that's mad
 * and back-to-front you're not alone, but this follows the
 * Gen PRM naming convention.
 *
 * Returns: 0 on success, negative error code on failure.
 */
static int gen8_append_oa_reports(struct i915_perf_stream *stream,
				  char __user *buf,
				  size_t count,
				  size_t *offset)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	int report_size = stream->oa_buffer.format_size;
	u8 *oa_buf_base = stream->oa_buffer.vaddr;
	u32 gtt_offset = i915_ggtt_offset(stream->oa_buffer.vma);
	u32 mask = (OA_BUFFER_SIZE - 1);
	size_t start_offset = *offset;
	unsigned long flags;
	unsigned int aged_tail_idx;
	u32 head, tail;
	u32 taken;
	int ret = 0;

	if (WARN_ON(!stream->enabled))
		return -EIO;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&stream->oa_buffer.ptr_lock, flags);

	head = stream->oa_buffer.head;
	aged_tail_idx = stream->oa_buffer.aged_tail_idx;
	tail = stream->oa_buffer.tails[aged_tail_idx].offset;

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&stream->oa_buffer.ptr_lock, flags);

	/*
	 * An invalid tail pointer here means we're still waiting for the poll
	 * hrtimer callback to give us a pointer
	 */
	if (tail == INVALID_TAIL_PTR)
		return -EAGAIN;

	/*
	 * NB: oa_buffer.head/tail include the gtt_offset which we don't want
	 * while indexing relative to oa_buf_base.
	 */
	head -= gtt_offset;
	tail -= gtt_offset;

	/*
	 * An out of bounds or misaligned head or tail pointer implies a driver
	 * bug since we validate + align the tail pointers we read from the
	 * hardware and we are in full control of the head pointer which should
	 * only be incremented by multiples of the report size (notably also
	 * all a power of two).
	 */
	if (WARN_ONCE(head > OA_BUFFER_SIZE || head % report_size ||
		      tail > OA_BUFFER_SIZE || tail % report_size,
		      "Inconsistent OA buffer pointers: head = %u, tail = %u\n",
		      head, tail))
		return -EIO;


	for (/* none */;
	     (taken = OA_TAKEN(tail, head));
	     head = (head + report_size) & mask) {
		u8 *report = oa_buf_base + head;
		u32 *report32 = (void *)report;
		u32 ctx_id;
		u32 reason;

		/*
		 * All the report sizes factor neatly into the buffer
		 * size so we never expect to see a report split
		 * between the beginning and end of the buffer.
		 *
		 * Given the initial alignment check a misalignment
		 * here would imply a driver bug that would result
		 * in an overrun.
		 */
		if (WARN_ON((OA_BUFFER_SIZE - head) < report_size)) {
			DRM_ERROR("Spurious OA head ptr: non-integral report offset\n");
			break;
		}

		/*
		 * The reason field includes flags identifying what
		 * triggered this specific report (mostly timer
		 * triggered or e.g. due to a context switch).
		 *
		 * This field is never expected to be zero so we can
		 * check that the report isn't invalid before copying
		 * it to userspace...
		 */
		reason = ((report32[0] >> OAREPORT_REASON_SHIFT) &
			  OAREPORT_REASON_MASK);
		if (reason == 0) {
			if (__ratelimit(&dev_priv->perf.spurious_report_rs))
				DRM_NOTE("Skipping spurious, invalid OA report\n");
			continue;
		}

		ctx_id = report32[2] & stream->specific_ctx_id_mask;

		/*
		 * Squash whatever is in the CTX_ID field if it's marked as
		 * invalid to be sure we avoid false-positive, single-context
		 * filtering below...
		 *
		 * Note: that we don't clear the valid_ctx_bit so userspace can
		 * understand that the ID has been squashed by the kernel.
		 */
		if (!(report32[0] & dev_priv->perf.gen8_valid_ctx_bit))
			ctx_id = report32[2] = INVALID_CTX_ID;

		/*
		 * NB: For Gen 8 the OA unit no longer supports clock gating
		 * off for a specific context and the kernel can't securely
		 * stop the counters from updating as system-wide / global
		 * values.
		 *
		 * Automatic reports now include a context ID so reports can be
		 * filtered on the cpu but it's not worth trying to
		 * automatically subtract/hide counter progress for other
		 * contexts while filtering since we can't stop userspace
		 * issuing MI_REPORT_PERF_COUNT commands which would still
		 * provide a side-band view of the real values.
		 *
		 * To allow userspace (such as Mesa/GL_INTEL_performance_query)
		 * to normalize counters for a single filtered context then it
		 * needs be forwarded bookend context-switch reports so that it
		 * can track switches in between MI_REPORT_PERF_COUNT commands
		 * and can itself subtract/ignore the progress of counters
		 * associated with other contexts. Note that the hardware
		 * automatically triggers reports when switching to a new
		 * context which are tagged with the ID of the newly active
		 * context. To avoid the complexity (and likely fragility) of
		 * reading ahead while parsing reports to try and minimize
		 * forwarding redundant context switch reports (i.e. between
		 * other, unrelated contexts) we simply elect to forward them
		 * all.
		 *
		 * We don't rely solely on the reason field to identify context
		 * switches since it's not-uncommon for periodic samples to
		 * identify a switch before any 'context switch' report.
		 */
		if (!dev_priv->perf.exclusive_stream->ctx ||
		    stream->specific_ctx_id == ctx_id ||
		    stream->oa_buffer.last_ctx_id == stream->specific_ctx_id ||
		    reason & OAREPORT_REASON_CTX_SWITCH) {

			/*
			 * While filtering for a single context we avoid
			 * leaking the IDs of other contexts.
			 */
			if (dev_priv->perf.exclusive_stream->ctx &&
			    stream->specific_ctx_id != ctx_id) {
				report32[2] = INVALID_CTX_ID;
			}

			ret = append_oa_sample(stream, buf, count, offset,
					       report);
			if (ret)
				break;

			stream->oa_buffer.last_ctx_id = ctx_id;
		}

		/*
		 * The above reason field sanity check is based on
		 * the assumption that the OA buffer is initially
		 * zeroed and we reset the field after copying so the
		 * check is still meaningful once old reports start
		 * being overwritten.
		 */
		report32[0] = 0;
	}

	if (start_offset != *offset) {
		spin_lock_irqsave(&stream->oa_buffer.ptr_lock, flags);

		/*
		 * We removed the gtt_offset for the copy loop above, indexing
		 * relative to oa_buf_base so put back here...
		 */
		head += gtt_offset;

		I915_WRITE(GEN8_OAHEADPTR, head & GEN8_OAHEADPTR_MASK);
		stream->oa_buffer.head = head;

		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&stream->oa_buffer.ptr_lock, flags);
	}

	return ret;
}

/**
 * gen8_oa_read - copy status records then buffered OA reports
 * @stream: An i915-perf stream opened for OA metrics
 * @buf: destination buffer given by userspace
 * @count: the number of bytes userspace wants to read
 * @offset: (inout): the current position for writing into @buf
 *
 * Checks OA unit status registers and if necessary appends corresponding
 * status records for userspace (such as for a buffer full condition) and then
 * initiate appending any buffered OA reports.
 *
 * Updates @offset according to the number of bytes successfully copied into
 * the userspace buffer.
 *
 * NB: some data may be successfully copied to the userspace buffer
 * even if an error is returned, and this is reflected in the
 * updated @offset.
 *
 * Returns: zero on success or a negative error code
 */
static int gen8_oa_read(struct i915_perf_stream *stream,
			char __user *buf,
			size_t count,
			size_t *offset)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	u32 oastatus;
	int ret;

	if (WARN_ON(!stream->oa_buffer.vaddr))
		return -EIO;

	oastatus = I915_READ(GEN8_OASTATUS);

	/*
	 * We treat OABUFFER_OVERFLOW as a significant error:
	 *
	 * Although theoretically we could handle this more gracefully
	 * sometimes, some Gens don't correctly suppress certain
	 * automatically triggered reports in this condition and so we
	 * have to assume that old reports are now being trampled
	 * over.
	 *
	 * Considering how we don't currently give userspace control
	 * over the OA buffer size and always configure a large 16MB
	 * buffer, then a buffer overflow does anyway likely indicate
	 * that something has gone quite badly wrong.
	 */
	if (oastatus & GEN8_OASTATUS_OABUFFER_OVERFLOW) {
		ret = append_oa_status(stream, buf, count, offset,
				       DRM_I915_PERF_RECORD_OA_BUFFER_LOST);
		if (ret)
			return ret;

		DRM_DEBUG("OA buffer overflow (exponent = %d): force restart\n",
			  stream->period_exponent);

		dev_priv->perf.ops.oa_disable(stream);
		dev_priv->perf.ops.oa_enable(stream);

		/*
		 * Note: .oa_enable() is expected to re-init the oabuffer and
		 * reset GEN8_OASTATUS for us
		 */
		oastatus = I915_READ(GEN8_OASTATUS);
	}

	if (oastatus & GEN8_OASTATUS_REPORT_LOST) {
		ret = append_oa_status(stream, buf, count, offset,
				       DRM_I915_PERF_RECORD_OA_REPORT_LOST);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
		I915_WRITE(GEN8_OASTATUS,
			   oastatus & ~GEN8_OASTATUS_REPORT_LOST);
	}

	return gen8_append_oa_reports(stream, buf, count, offset);
}

/**
 * Copies all buffered OA reports into userspace read() buffer.
 * @stream: An i915-perf stream opened for OA metrics
 * @buf: destination buffer given by userspace
 * @count: the number of bytes userspace wants to read
 * @offset: (inout): the current position for writing into @buf
 *
 * Notably any error condition resulting in a short read (-%ENOSPC or
 * -%EFAULT) will be returned even though one or more records may
 * have been successfully copied. In this case it's up to the caller
 * to decide if the error should be squashed before returning to
 * userspace.
 *
 * Note: reports are consumed from the head, and appended to the
 * tail, so the tail chases the head?... If you think that's mad
 * and back-to-front you're not alone, but this follows the
 * Gen PRM naming convention.
 *
 * Returns: 0 on success, negative error code on failure.
 */
static int gen7_append_oa_reports(struct i915_perf_stream *stream,
				  char __user *buf,
				  size_t count,
				  size_t *offset)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	int report_size = stream->oa_buffer.format_size;
	u8 *oa_buf_base = stream->oa_buffer.vaddr;
	u32 gtt_offset = i915_ggtt_offset(stream->oa_buffer.vma);
	u32 mask = (OA_BUFFER_SIZE - 1);
	size_t start_offset = *offset;
	unsigned long flags;
	unsigned int aged_tail_idx;
	u32 head, tail;
	u32 taken;
	int ret = 0;

	if (WARN_ON(!stream->enabled))
		return -EIO;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&stream->oa_buffer.ptr_lock, flags);

	head = stream->oa_buffer.head;
	aged_tail_idx = stream->oa_buffer.aged_tail_idx;
	tail = stream->oa_buffer.tails[aged_tail_idx].offset;

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&stream->oa_buffer.ptr_lock, flags);

	/* An invalid tail pointer here means we're still waiting for the poll
	 * hrtimer callback to give us a pointer
	 */
	if (tail == INVALID_TAIL_PTR)
		return -EAGAIN;

	/* NB: oa_buffer.head/tail include the gtt_offset which we don't want
	 * while indexing relative to oa_buf_base.
	 */
	head -= gtt_offset;
	tail -= gtt_offset;

	/* An out of bounds or misaligned head or tail pointer implies a driver
	 * bug since we validate + align the tail pointers we read from the
	 * hardware and we are in full control of the head pointer which should
	 * only be incremented by multiples of the report size (notably also
	 * all a power of two).
	 */
	if (WARN_ONCE(head > OA_BUFFER_SIZE || head % report_size ||
		      tail > OA_BUFFER_SIZE || tail % report_size,
		      "Inconsistent OA buffer pointers: head = %u, tail = %u\n",
		      head, tail))
		return -EIO;


	for (/* none */;
	     (taken = OA_TAKEN(tail, head));
	     head = (head + report_size) & mask) {
		u8 *report = oa_buf_base + head;
		u32 *report32 = (void *)report;

		/* All the report sizes factor neatly into the buffer
		 * size so we never expect to see a report split
		 * between the beginning and end of the buffer.
		 *
		 * Given the initial alignment check a misalignment
		 * here would imply a driver bug that would result
		 * in an overrun.
		 */
		if (WARN_ON((OA_BUFFER_SIZE - head) < report_size)) {
			DRM_ERROR("Spurious OA head ptr: non-integral report offset\n");
			break;
		}

		/* The report-ID field for periodic samples includes
		 * some undocumented flags related to what triggered
		 * the report and is never expected to be zero so we
		 * can check that the report isn't invalid before
		 * copying it to userspace...
		 */
		if (report32[0] == 0) {
			if (__ratelimit(&dev_priv->perf.spurious_report_rs))
				DRM_NOTE("Skipping spurious, invalid OA report\n");
			continue;
		}

		ret = append_oa_sample(stream, buf, count, offset, report);
		if (ret)
			break;

		/* The above report-id field sanity check is based on
		 * the assumption that the OA buffer is initially
		 * zeroed and we reset the field after copying so the
		 * check is still meaningful once old reports start
		 * being overwritten.
		 */
		report32[0] = 0;
	}

	if (start_offset != *offset) {
		spin_lock_irqsave(&stream->oa_buffer.ptr_lock, flags);

		/* We removed the gtt_offset for the copy loop above, indexing
		 * relative to oa_buf_base so put back here...
		 */
		head += gtt_offset;

		I915_WRITE(GEN7_OASTATUS2,
			   ((head & GEN7_OASTATUS2_HEAD_MASK) |
			    GEN7_OASTATUS2_MEM_SELECT_GGTT));
		stream->oa_buffer.head = head;

		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&stream->oa_buffer.ptr_lock, flags);
	}

	return ret;
}

/**
 * gen7_oa_read - copy status records then buffered OA reports
 * @stream: An i915-perf stream opened for OA metrics
 * @buf: destination buffer given by userspace
 * @count: the number of bytes userspace wants to read
 * @offset: (inout): the current position for writing into @buf
 *
 * Checks Gen 7 specific OA unit status registers and if necessary appends
 * corresponding status records for userspace (such as for a buffer full
 * condition) and then initiate appending any buffered OA reports.
 *
 * Updates @offset according to the number of bytes successfully copied into
 * the userspace buffer.
 *
 * Returns: zero on success or a negative error code
 */
static int gen7_oa_read(struct i915_perf_stream *stream,
			char __user *buf,
			size_t count,
			size_t *offset)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	u32 oastatus1;
	int ret;

	if (WARN_ON(!stream->oa_buffer.vaddr))
		return -EIO;

	oastatus1 = I915_READ(GEN7_OASTATUS1);

	/* XXX: On Haswell we don't have a safe way to clear oastatus1
	 * bits while the OA unit is enabled (while the tail pointer
	 * may be updated asynchronously) so we ignore status bits
	 * that have already been reported to userspace.
	 */
	oastatus1 &= ~dev_priv->perf.gen7_latched_oastatus1;

	/* We treat OABUFFER_OVERFLOW as a significant error:
	 *
	 * - The status can be interpreted to mean that the buffer is
	 *   currently full (with a higher precedence than OA_TAKEN()
	 *   which will start to report a near-empty buffer after an
	 *   overflow) but it's awkward that we can't clear the status
	 *   on Haswell, so without a reset we won't be able to catch
	 *   the state again.
	 *
	 * - Since it also implies the HW has started overwriting old
	 *   reports it may also affect our sanity checks for invalid
	 *   reports when copying to userspace that assume new reports
	 *   are being written to cleared memory.
	 *
	 * - In the future we may want to introduce a flight recorder
	 *   mode where the driver will automatically maintain a safe
	 *   guard band between head/tail, avoiding this overflow
	 *   condition, but we avoid the added driver complexity for
	 *   now.
	 */
	if (unlikely(oastatus1 & GEN7_OASTATUS1_OABUFFER_OVERFLOW)) {
		ret = append_oa_status(stream, buf, count, offset,
				       DRM_I915_PERF_RECORD_OA_BUFFER_LOST);
		if (ret)
			return ret;

		DRM_DEBUG("OA buffer overflow (exponent = %d): force restart\n",
			  stream->period_exponent);

		dev_priv->perf.ops.oa_disable(stream);
		dev_priv->perf.ops.oa_enable(stream);

		oastatus1 = I915_READ(GEN7_OASTATUS1);
	}

	if (unlikely(oastatus1 & GEN7_OASTATUS1_REPORT_LOST)) {
		ret = append_oa_status(stream, buf, count, offset,
				       DRM_I915_PERF_RECORD_OA_REPORT_LOST);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
		dev_priv->perf.gen7_latched_oastatus1 |=
			GEN7_OASTATUS1_REPORT_LOST;
	}

	return gen7_append_oa_reports(stream, buf, count, offset);
}

/**
 * i915_oa_wait_unlocked - handles blocking IO until OA data available
 * @stream: An i915-perf stream opened for OA metrics
 *
 * Called when userspace tries to read() from a blocking stream FD opened
 * for OA metrics. It waits until the hrtimer callback finds a non-empty
 * OA buffer and wakes us.
 *
 * Note: it's acceptable to have this return with some false positives
 * since any subsequent read handling will return -EAGAIN if there isn't
 * really data ready for userspace yet.
 *
 * Returns: zero on success or a negative error code
 */
static int i915_oa_wait_unlocked(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	/* We would wait indefinitely if periodic sampling is not enabled */
	if (!stream->periodic)
		return -EIO;

	return wait_event_interruptible(stream->poll_wq,
					oa_buffer_check_unlocked(stream));
}

/**
 * i915_oa_poll_wait - call poll_wait() for an OA stream poll()
 * @stream: An i915-perf stream opened for OA metrics
 * @file: An i915 perf stream file
 * @wait: poll() state table
 *
 * For handling userspace polling on an i915 perf stream opened for OA metrics,
 * this starts a poll_wait with the wait queue that our hrtimer callback wakes
 * when it sees data ready to read in the circular OA buffer.
 */
static void i915_oa_poll_wait(struct i915_perf_stream *stream,
			      struct file *file,
			      poll_table *wait)
{
	poll_wait(file, &stream->poll_wq, wait);
}

/**
 * i915_oa_read - just calls through to &i915_oa_ops->read
 * @stream: An i915-perf stream opened for OA metrics
 * @buf: destination buffer given by userspace
 * @count: the number of bytes userspace wants to read
 * @offset: (inout): the current position for writing into @buf
 *
 * Updates @offset according to the number of bytes successfully copied into
 * the userspace buffer.
 *
 * Returns: zero on success or a negative error code
 */
static int i915_oa_read(struct i915_perf_stream *stream,
			char __user *buf,
			size_t count,
			size_t *offset)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;

	return dev_priv->perf.ops.read(stream, buf, count, offset);
}

static struct intel_context *oa_pin_context(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct i915_gem_engines_iter it;
	struct drm_i915_private *i915 = stream->dev_priv;
	struct i915_gem_context *ctx = stream->ctx;
	struct intel_context *ce;
	int err;

	err = i915_mutex_lock_interruptible(&i915->drm);
	if (err)
		return ERR_PTR(err);

	for_each_gem_engine(ce, i915_gem_context_lock_engines(ctx), it) {
		if (ce->engine->class != RENDER_CLASS)
			continue;

		/*
		 * As the ID is the gtt offset of the context's vma we
		 * pin the vma to ensure the ID remains fixed.
		 */
		err = intel_context_pin(ce);
		if (err == 0) {
			stream->pinned_ctx = ce;
			break;
		}
	}
	i915_gem_context_unlock_engines(ctx);

	mutex_unlock(&i915->drm.struct_mutex);
	if (err)
		return ERR_PTR(err);

	return stream->pinned_ctx;
}

/**
 * oa_get_render_ctx_id - determine and hold ctx hw id
 * @stream: An i915-perf stream opened for OA metrics
 *
 * Determine the render context hw id, and ensure it remains fixed for the
 * lifetime of the stream. This ensures that we don't have to worry about
 * updating the context ID in OACONTROL on the fly.
 *
 * Returns: zero on success or a negative error code
 */
static int oa_get_render_ctx_id(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *i915 = stream->dev_priv;
	struct intel_context *ce;

	ce = oa_pin_context(stream);
	if (IS_ERR(ce))
		return PTR_ERR(ce);

	switch (INTEL_GEN(i915)) {
	case 7: {
		/*
		 * On Haswell we don't do any post processing of the reports
		 * and don't need to use the mask.
		 */
		stream->specific_ctx_id = i915_ggtt_offset(ce->state);
		stream->specific_ctx_id_mask = 0;
		break;
	}

	case 8:
	case 9:
	case 10:
		if (USES_GUC_SUBMISSION(i915)) {
			/*
			 * When using GuC, the context descriptor we write in
			 * i915 is read by GuC and rewritten before it's
			 * actually written into the hardware. The LRCA is
			 * what is put into the context id field of the
			 * context descriptor by GuC. Because it's aligned to
			 * a page, the lower 12bits are always at 0 and
			 * dropped by GuC. They won't be part of the context
			 * ID in the OA reports, so squash those lower bits.
			 */
			stream->specific_ctx_id =
				lower_32_bits(ce->lrc_desc) >> 12;

			/*
			 * GuC uses the top bit to signal proxy submission, so
			 * ignore that bit.
			 */
			stream->specific_ctx_id_mask =
				(1U << (GEN8_CTX_ID_WIDTH - 1)) - 1;
		} else {
			stream->specific_ctx_id_mask =
				(1U << GEN8_CTX_ID_WIDTH) - 1;
			stream->specific_ctx_id =
				upper_32_bits(ce->lrc_desc);
			stream->specific_ctx_id &=
				stream->specific_ctx_id_mask;
		}
		break;

	case 11: {
		stream->specific_ctx_id_mask =
			((1U << GEN11_SW_CTX_ID_WIDTH) - 1) << (GEN11_SW_CTX_ID_SHIFT - 32) |
			((1U << GEN11_ENGINE_INSTANCE_WIDTH) - 1) << (GEN11_ENGINE_INSTANCE_SHIFT - 32) |
			((1 << GEN11_ENGINE_CLASS_WIDTH) - 1) << (GEN11_ENGINE_CLASS_SHIFT - 32);
		stream->specific_ctx_id = upper_32_bits(ce->lrc_desc);
		stream->specific_ctx_id &=
			stream->specific_ctx_id_mask;
		break;
	}

	default:
		MISSING_CASE(INTEL_GEN(i915));
	}

	DRM_DEBUG_DRIVER("filtering on ctx_id=0x%x ctx_id_mask=0x%x\n",
			 stream->specific_ctx_id,
			 stream->specific_ctx_id_mask);

	return 0;
}

/**
 * oa_put_render_ctx_id - counterpart to oa_get_render_ctx_id releases hold
 * @stream: An i915-perf stream opened for OA metrics
 *
 * In case anything needed doing to ensure the context HW ID would remain valid
 * for the lifetime of the stream, then that can be undone here.
 */
static void oa_put_render_ctx_id(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	struct intel_context *ce;

	stream->specific_ctx_id = INVALID_CTX_ID;
	stream->specific_ctx_id_mask = 0;

	ce = fetch_and_zero(&stream->pinned_ctx);
	if (ce) {
		mutex_lock(&dev_priv->drm.struct_mutex);
		intel_context_unpin(ce);
		mutex_unlock(&dev_priv->drm.struct_mutex);
	}
}

static void
free_oa_buffer(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *i915 = stream->dev_priv;

	mutex_lock(&i915->drm.struct_mutex);

	i915_vma_unpin_and_release(&stream->oa_buffer.vma,
				   I915_VMA_RELEASE_MAP);

	mutex_unlock(&i915->drm.struct_mutex);

	stream->oa_buffer.vaddr = NULL;
}

static void i915_oa_stream_destroy(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;

	BUG_ON(stream != dev_priv->perf.exclusive_stream);

	/*
	 * Unset exclusive_stream first, it will be checked while disabling
	 * the metric set on gen8+.
	 */
	mutex_lock(&dev_priv->drm.struct_mutex);
	dev_priv->perf.exclusive_stream = NULL;
	dev_priv->perf.ops.disable_metric_set(stream);
	mutex_unlock(&dev_priv->drm.struct_mutex);

	free_oa_buffer(stream);

	intel_uncore_forcewake_put(&dev_priv->uncore, FORCEWAKE_ALL);
	intel_runtime_pm_put(&dev_priv->runtime_pm, stream->wakeref);

	if (stream->ctx)
		oa_put_render_ctx_id(stream);

	put_oa_config(dev_priv, stream->oa_config);

	if (dev_priv->perf.spurious_report_rs.missed) {
		DRM_NOTE("%d spurious OA report notices suppressed due to ratelimiting\n",
			 dev_priv->perf.spurious_report_rs.missed);
	}
}

static void gen7_init_oa_buffer(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	u32 gtt_offset = i915_ggtt_offset(stream->oa_buffer.vma);
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&stream->oa_buffer.ptr_lock, flags);

	/* Pre-DevBDW: OABUFFER must be set with counters off,
	 * before OASTATUS1, but after OASTATUS2
	 */
	I915_WRITE(GEN7_OASTATUS2,
		   gtt_offset | GEN7_OASTATUS2_MEM_SELECT_GGTT); /* head */
	stream->oa_buffer.head = gtt_offset;

	I915_WRITE(GEN7_OABUFFER, gtt_offset);

	I915_WRITE(GEN7_OASTATUS1, gtt_offset | OABUFFER_SIZE_16M); /* tail */

	/* Mark that we need updated tail pointers to read from... */
	stream->oa_buffer.tails[0].offset = INVALID_TAIL_PTR;
	stream->oa_buffer.tails[1].offset = INVALID_TAIL_PTR;

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&stream->oa_buffer.ptr_lock, flags);

	/* On Haswell we have to track which OASTATUS1 flags we've
	 * already seen since they can't be cleared while periodic
	 * sampling is enabled.
	 */
	dev_priv->perf.gen7_latched_oastatus1 = 0;

	/* NB: although the OA buffer will initially be allocated
	 * zeroed via shmfs (and so this memset is redundant when
	 * first allocating), we may re-init the OA buffer, either
	 * when re-enabling a stream or in error/reset paths.
	 *
	 * The reason we clear the buffer for each re-init is for the
	 * sanity check in gen7_append_oa_reports() that looks at the
	 * report-id field to make sure it's non-zero which relies on
	 * the assumption that new reports are being written to zeroed
	 * memory...
	 */
	memset(stream->oa_buffer.vaddr, 0, OA_BUFFER_SIZE);

	/* Maybe make ->pollin per-stream state if we support multiple
	 * concurrent streams in the future.
	 */
	stream->pollin = false;
}

static void gen8_init_oa_buffer(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	u32 gtt_offset = i915_ggtt_offset(stream->oa_buffer.vma);
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&stream->oa_buffer.ptr_lock, flags);

	I915_WRITE(GEN8_OASTATUS, 0);
	I915_WRITE(GEN8_OAHEADPTR, gtt_offset);
	stream->oa_buffer.head = gtt_offset;

	I915_WRITE(GEN8_OABUFFER_UDW, 0);

	/*
	 * PRM says:
	 *
	 *  "This MMIO must be set before the OATAILPTR
	 *  register and after the OAHEADPTR register. This is
	 *  to enable proper functionality of the overflow
	 *  bit."
	 */
	I915_WRITE(GEN8_OABUFFER, gtt_offset |
		   OABUFFER_SIZE_16M | GEN8_OABUFFER_MEM_SELECT_GGTT);
	I915_WRITE(GEN8_OATAILPTR, gtt_offset & GEN8_OATAILPTR_MASK);

	/* Mark that we need updated tail pointers to read from... */
	stream->oa_buffer.tails[0].offset = INVALID_TAIL_PTR;
	stream->oa_buffer.tails[1].offset = INVALID_TAIL_PTR;

	/*
	 * Reset state used to recognise context switches, affecting which
	 * reports we will forward to userspace while filtering for a single
	 * context.
	 */
	stream->oa_buffer.last_ctx_id = INVALID_CTX_ID;

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&stream->oa_buffer.ptr_lock, flags);

	/*
	 * NB: although the OA buffer will initially be allocated
	 * zeroed via shmfs (and so this memset is redundant when
	 * first allocating), we may re-init the OA buffer, either
	 * when re-enabling a stream or in error/reset paths.
	 *
	 * The reason we clear the buffer for each re-init is for the
	 * sanity check in gen8_append_oa_reports() that looks at the
	 * reason field to make sure it's non-zero which relies on
	 * the assumption that new reports are being written to zeroed
	 * memory...
	 */
	memset(stream->oa_buffer.vaddr, 0, OA_BUFFER_SIZE);

	/*
	 * Maybe make ->pollin per-stream state if we support multiple
	 * concurrent streams in the future.
	 */
	stream->pollin = false;
}

static int alloc_oa_buffer(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_gem_object *bo;
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	struct i915_vma *vma;
	int ret;

	if (WARN_ON(stream->oa_buffer.vma))
		return -ENODEV;

	ret = i915_mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev_priv->drm);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	BUILD_BUG_ON_NOT_POWER_OF_2(OA_BUFFER_SIZE);
	BUILD_BUG_ON(OA_BUFFER_SIZE < SZ_128K || OA_BUFFER_SIZE > SZ_16M);

	bo = i915_gem_object_create_shmem(dev_priv, OA_BUFFER_SIZE);
	if (IS_ERR(bo)) {
		DRM_ERROR("Failed to allocate OA buffer\n");
		ret = PTR_ERR(bo);
		goto unlock;
	}

	i915_gem_object_set_cache_coherency(bo, I915_CACHE_LLC);

	/* PreHSW required 512K alignment, HSW requires 16M */
	vma = i915_gem_object_ggtt_pin(bo, NULL, 0, SZ_16M, 0);
	if (IS_ERR(vma)) {
		ret = PTR_ERR(vma);
		goto err_unref;
	}
	stream->oa_buffer.vma = vma;

	stream->oa_buffer.vaddr =
		i915_gem_object_pin_map(bo, I915_MAP_WB);
	if (IS_ERR(stream->oa_buffer.vaddr)) {
		ret = PTR_ERR(stream->oa_buffer.vaddr);
		goto err_unpin;
	}

	DRM_DEBUG_DRIVER("OA Buffer initialized, gtt offset = 0x%x, vaddr = %p\n",
			 i915_ggtt_offset(stream->oa_buffer.vma),
			 stream->oa_buffer.vaddr);

	goto unlock;

err_unpin:
	__i915_vma_unpin(vma);

err_unref:
	i915_gem_object_put(bo);

	stream->oa_buffer.vaddr = NULL;
	stream->oa_buffer.vma = NULL;

unlock:
	mutex_unlock(&dev_priv->drm.struct_mutex);
	return ret;
}

static void config_oa_regs(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv,
			   const struct i915_oa_reg *regs,
			   u32 n_regs)
{
	u32 i;

	for (i = 0; i < n_regs; i++) {
		const struct i915_oa_reg *reg = regs + i;

		I915_WRITE(reg->addr, reg->value);
	}
}

static void delay_after_mux(void)
{
	/*
	 * It apparently takes a fairly long time for a new MUX
	 * configuration to be be applied after these register writes.
	 * This delay duration was derived empirically based on the
	 * render_basic config but hopefully it covers the maximum
	 * configuration latency.
	 *
	 * As a fallback, the checks in _append_oa_reports() to skip
	 * invalid OA reports do also seem to work to discard reports
	 * generated before this config has completed - albeit not
	 * silently.
	 *
	 * Unfortunately this is essentially a magic number, since we
	 * don't currently know of a reliable mechanism for predicting
	 * how long the MUX config will take to apply and besides
	 * seeing invalid reports we don't know of a reliable way to
	 * explicitly check that the MUX config has landed.
	 *
	 * It's even possible we've miss characterized the underlying
	 * problem - it just seems like the simplest explanation why
	 * a delay at this location would mitigate any invalid reports.
	 */
	usleep_range(15000, 20000);
}

static int hsw_enable_metric_set(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	const struct i915_oa_config *oa_config = stream->oa_config;

	/*
	 * PRM:
	 *
	 * OA unit is using “crclk” for its functionality. When trunk
	 * level clock gating takes place, OA clock would be gated,
	 * unable to count the events from non-render clock domain.
	 * Render clock gating must be disabled when OA is enabled to
	 * count the events from non-render domain. Unit level clock
	 * gating for RCS should also be disabled.
	 */
	I915_WRITE(GEN7_MISCCPCTL, (I915_READ(GEN7_MISCCPCTL) &
				    ~GEN7_DOP_CLOCK_GATE_ENABLE));
	I915_WRITE(GEN6_UCGCTL1, (I915_READ(GEN6_UCGCTL1) |
				  GEN6_CSUNIT_CLOCK_GATE_DISABLE));

	config_oa_regs(dev_priv, oa_config->mux_regs, oa_config->mux_regs_len);
	delay_after_mux();

	config_oa_regs(dev_priv, oa_config->b_counter_regs,
		       oa_config->b_counter_regs_len);

	return 0;
}

static void hsw_disable_metric_set(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;

	I915_WRITE(GEN6_UCGCTL1, (I915_READ(GEN6_UCGCTL1) &
				  ~GEN6_CSUNIT_CLOCK_GATE_DISABLE));
	I915_WRITE(GEN7_MISCCPCTL, (I915_READ(GEN7_MISCCPCTL) |
				    GEN7_DOP_CLOCK_GATE_ENABLE));

	I915_WRITE(GDT_CHICKEN_BITS, (I915_READ(GDT_CHICKEN_BITS) &
				      ~GT_NOA_ENABLE));
}

static u32 oa_config_flex_reg(const struct i915_oa_config *oa_config,
			      i915_reg_t reg)
{
	u32 mmio = i915_mmio_reg_offset(reg);
	int i;

	/*
	 * This arbitrary default will select the 'EU FPU0 Pipeline
	 * Active' event. In the future it's anticipated that there
	 * will be an explicit 'No Event' we can select, but not yet...
	 */
	if (!oa_config)
		return 0;

	for (i = 0; i < oa_config->flex_regs_len; i++) {
		if (i915_mmio_reg_offset(oa_config->flex_regs[i].addr) == mmio)
			return oa_config->flex_regs[i].value;
	}

	return 0;
}
/*
 * NB: It must always remain pointer safe to run this even if the OA unit
 * has been disabled.
 *
 * It's fine to put out-of-date values into these per-context registers
 * in the case that the OA unit has been disabled.
 */
static void
gen8_update_reg_state_unlocked(struct i915_perf_stream *stream,
			       struct intel_context *ce,
			       u32 *reg_state,
			       const struct i915_oa_config *oa_config)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *i915 = ce->engine->i915;
	u32 ctx_oactxctrl = i915->perf.ctx_oactxctrl_offset;
	u32 ctx_flexeu0 = i915->perf.ctx_flexeu0_offset;
	/* The MMIO offsets for Flex EU registers aren't contiguous */
	i915_reg_t flex_regs[] = {
		EU_PERF_CNTL0,
		EU_PERF_CNTL1,
		EU_PERF_CNTL2,
		EU_PERF_CNTL3,
		EU_PERF_CNTL4,
		EU_PERF_CNTL5,
		EU_PERF_CNTL6,
	};
	int i;

	CTX_REG(reg_state, ctx_oactxctrl, GEN8_OACTXCONTROL,
		(stream->period_exponent << GEN8_OA_TIMER_PERIOD_SHIFT) |
		(stream->periodic ? GEN8_OA_TIMER_ENABLE : 0) |
		GEN8_OA_COUNTER_RESUME);

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(flex_regs); i++) {
		CTX_REG(reg_state, ctx_flexeu0 + i * 2, flex_regs[i],
			oa_config_flex_reg(oa_config, flex_regs[i]));
	}

	CTX_REG(reg_state,
		CTX_R_PWR_CLK_STATE, GEN8_R_PWR_CLK_STATE,
		intel_sseu_make_rpcs(i915, &ce->sseu));
}

struct flex {
	i915_reg_t reg;
	u32 offset;
	u32 value;
};

static int
gen8_store_flex(struct i915_request *rq,
		struct intel_context *ce,
		const struct flex *flex, unsigned int count)
{
	u32 offset;
	u32 *cs;

	cs = intel_ring_begin(rq, 4 * count);
	if (IS_ERR(cs))
		return PTR_ERR(cs);

	offset = i915_ggtt_offset(ce->state) + LRC_STATE_PN * PAGE_SIZE;
	do {
		*cs++ = MI_STORE_DWORD_IMM_GEN4 | MI_USE_GGTT;
		*cs++ = offset + (flex->offset + 1) * sizeof(u32);
		*cs++ = 0;
		*cs++ = flex->value;
	} while (flex++, --count);

	intel_ring_advance(rq, cs);

	return 0;
}

static int
gen8_load_flex(struct i915_request *rq,
	       struct intel_context *ce,
	       const struct flex *flex, unsigned int count)
{
	u32 *cs;

	GEM_BUG_ON(!count || count > 63);

	cs = intel_ring_begin(rq, 2 * count + 2);
	if (IS_ERR(cs))
		return PTR_ERR(cs);

	*cs++ = MI_LOAD_REGISTER_IMM(count);
	do {
		*cs++ = i915_mmio_reg_offset(flex->reg);
		*cs++ = flex->value;
	} while (flex++, --count);
	*cs++ = MI_NOOP;

	intel_ring_advance(rq, cs);

	return 0;
}

static int gen8_modify_context(struct intel_context *ce,
			       const struct flex *flex, unsigned int count)
{
	struct i915_request *rq;
	int err;

	lockdep_assert_held(&ce->pin_mutex);

	rq = i915_request_create(ce->engine->kernel_context);
	if (IS_ERR(rq))
		return PTR_ERR(rq);

	/* Serialise with the remote context */
	err = intel_context_prepare_remote_request(ce, rq);
	if (err == 0)
		err = gen8_store_flex(rq, ce, flex, count);

	i915_request_add(rq);
	return err;
}

static int gen8_modify_self(struct intel_context *ce,
			    const struct flex *flex, unsigned int count)
{
	struct i915_request *rq;
	int err;

	rq = i915_request_create(ce);
	if (IS_ERR(rq))
		return PTR_ERR(rq);

	err = gen8_load_flex(rq, ce, flex, count);

	i915_request_add(rq);
	return err;
}

static int gen8_configure_context(struct i915_gem_context *ctx,
				  struct flex *flex, unsigned int count)
{
	struct i915_gem_engines_iter it;
	struct intel_context *ce;
	int err = 0;

	for_each_gem_engine(ce, i915_gem_context_lock_engines(ctx), it) {
		GEM_BUG_ON(ce == ce->engine->kernel_context);

		if (ce->engine->class != RENDER_CLASS)
			continue;

		err = intel_context_lock_pinned(ce);
		if (err)
			break;

		flex->value = intel_sseu_make_rpcs(ctx->i915, &ce->sseu);

		/* Otherwise OA settings will be set upon first use */
		if (intel_context_is_pinned(ce))
			err = gen8_modify_context(ce, flex, count);

		intel_context_unlock_pinned(ce);
		if (err)
			break;
	}
	i915_gem_context_unlock_engines(ctx);

	return err;
}

/*
 * Manages updating the per-context aspects of the OA stream
 * configuration across all contexts.
 *
 * The awkward consideration here is that OACTXCONTROL controls the
 * exponent for periodic sampling which is primarily used for system
 * wide profiling where we'd like a consistent sampling period even in
 * the face of context switches.
 *
 * Our approach of updating the register state context (as opposed to
 * say using a workaround batch buffer) ensures that the hardware
 * won't automatically reload an out-of-date timer exponent even
 * transiently before a WA BB could be parsed.
 *
 * This function needs to:
 * - Ensure the currently running context's per-context OA state is
 *   updated
 * - Ensure that all existing contexts will have the correct per-context
 *   OA state if they are scheduled for use.
 * - Ensure any new contexts will be initialized with the correct
 *   per-context OA state.
 *
 * Note: it's only the RCS/Render context that has any OA state.
 */
static int gen8_configure_all_contexts(struct i915_perf_stream *stream,
				       const struct i915_oa_config *oa_config)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *i915 = stream->dev_priv;
	/* The MMIO offsets for Flex EU registers aren't contiguous */
	const u32 ctx_flexeu0 = i915->perf.ctx_flexeu0_offset;
#define ctx_flexeuN(N) (ctx_flexeu0 + 2 * (N))
	struct flex regs[] = {
		{
			GEN8_R_PWR_CLK_STATE,
			CTX_R_PWR_CLK_STATE,
		},
		{
			GEN8_OACTXCONTROL,
			i915->perf.ctx_oactxctrl_offset,
			((stream->period_exponent << GEN8_OA_TIMER_PERIOD_SHIFT) |
			 (stream->periodic ? GEN8_OA_TIMER_ENABLE : 0) |
			 GEN8_OA_COUNTER_RESUME)
		},
		{ EU_PERF_CNTL0, ctx_flexeuN(0) },
		{ EU_PERF_CNTL1, ctx_flexeuN(1) },
		{ EU_PERF_CNTL2, ctx_flexeuN(2) },
		{ EU_PERF_CNTL3, ctx_flexeuN(3) },
		{ EU_PERF_CNTL4, ctx_flexeuN(4) },
		{ EU_PERF_CNTL5, ctx_flexeuN(5) },
		{ EU_PERF_CNTL6, ctx_flexeuN(6) },
	};
#undef ctx_flexeuN
	struct intel_engine_cs *engine;
	struct i915_gem_context *ctx;
	int i;

	for (i = 2; i < ARRAY_SIZE(regs); i++)
		regs[i].value = oa_config_flex_reg(oa_config, regs[i].reg);

	lockdep_assert_held(&i915->drm.struct_mutex);

	/*
	 * The OA register config is setup through the context image. This image
	 * might be written to by the GPU on context switch (in particular on
	 * lite-restore). This means we can't safely update a context's image,
	 * if this context is scheduled/submitted to run on the GPU.
	 *
	 * We could emit the OA register config through the batch buffer but
	 * this might leave small interval of time where the OA unit is
	 * configured at an invalid sampling period.
	 *
	 * Note that since we emit all requests from a single ring, there
	 * is still an implicit global barrier here that may cause a high
	 * priority context to wait for an otherwise independent low priority
	 * context. Contexts idle at the time of reconfiguration are not
	 * trapped behind the barrier.
	 */
	list_for_each_entry(ctx, &i915->contexts.list, link) {
		int err;

		if (ctx == i915->kernel_context)
			continue;

		err = gen8_configure_context(ctx, regs, ARRAY_SIZE(regs));
		if (err)
			return err;
	}

	/*
	 * After updating all other contexts, we need to modify ourselves.
	 * If we don't modify the kernel_context, we do not get events while
	 * idle.
	 */
	for_each_uabi_engine(engine, i915) {
		struct intel_context *ce = engine->kernel_context;
		int err;

		if (engine->class != RENDER_CLASS)
			continue;

		regs[0].value = intel_sseu_make_rpcs(i915, &ce->sseu);

		err = gen8_modify_self(ce, regs, ARRAY_SIZE(regs));
		if (err)
			return err;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int gen8_enable_metric_set(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	const struct i915_oa_config *oa_config = stream->oa_config;
	int ret;

	/*
	 * We disable slice/unslice clock ratio change reports on SKL since
	 * they are too noisy. The HW generates a lot of redundant reports
	 * where the ratio hasn't really changed causing a lot of redundant
	 * work to processes and increasing the chances we'll hit buffer
	 * overruns.
	 *
	 * Although we don't currently use the 'disable overrun' OABUFFER
	 * feature it's worth noting that clock ratio reports have to be
	 * disabled before considering to use that feature since the HW doesn't
	 * correctly block these reports.
	 *
	 * Currently none of the high-level metrics we have depend on knowing
	 * this ratio to normalize.
	 *
	 * Note: This register is not power context saved and restored, but
	 * that's OK considering that we disable RC6 while the OA unit is
	 * enabled.
	 *
	 * The _INCLUDE_CLK_RATIO bit allows the slice/unslice frequency to
	 * be read back from automatically triggered reports, as part of the
	 * RPT_ID field.
	 */
	if (IS_GEN_RANGE(dev_priv, 9, 11)) {
		I915_WRITE(GEN8_OA_DEBUG,
			   _MASKED_BIT_ENABLE(GEN9_OA_DEBUG_DISABLE_CLK_RATIO_REPORTS |
					      GEN9_OA_DEBUG_INCLUDE_CLK_RATIO));
	}

	/*
	 * Update all contexts prior writing the mux configurations as we need
	 * to make sure all slices/subslices are ON before writing to NOA
	 * registers.
	 */
	ret = gen8_configure_all_contexts(stream, oa_config);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	config_oa_regs(dev_priv, oa_config->mux_regs, oa_config->mux_regs_len);
	delay_after_mux();

	config_oa_regs(dev_priv, oa_config->b_counter_regs,
		       oa_config->b_counter_regs_len);

	return 0;
}

static void gen8_disable_metric_set(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;

	/* Reset all contexts' slices/subslices configurations. */
	gen8_configure_all_contexts(stream, NULL);

	I915_WRITE(GDT_CHICKEN_BITS, (I915_READ(GDT_CHICKEN_BITS) &
				      ~GT_NOA_ENABLE));
}

static void gen10_disable_metric_set(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;

	/* Reset all contexts' slices/subslices configurations. */
	gen8_configure_all_contexts(stream, NULL);

	/* Make sure we disable noa to save power. */
	I915_WRITE(RPM_CONFIG1,
		   I915_READ(RPM_CONFIG1) & ~GEN10_GT_NOA_ENABLE);
}

static void gen7_oa_enable(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	struct i915_gem_context *ctx = stream->ctx;
	u32 ctx_id = stream->specific_ctx_id;
	bool periodic = stream->periodic;
	u32 period_exponent = stream->period_exponent;
	u32 report_format = stream->oa_buffer.format;

	/*
	 * Reset buf pointers so we don't forward reports from before now.
	 *
	 * Think carefully if considering trying to avoid this, since it
	 * also ensures status flags and the buffer itself are cleared
	 * in error paths, and we have checks for invalid reports based
	 * on the assumption that certain fields are written to zeroed
	 * memory which this helps maintains.
	 */
	gen7_init_oa_buffer(stream);

	I915_WRITE(GEN7_OACONTROL,
		   (ctx_id & GEN7_OACONTROL_CTX_MASK) |
		   (period_exponent <<
		    GEN7_OACONTROL_TIMER_PERIOD_SHIFT) |
		   (periodic ? GEN7_OACONTROL_TIMER_ENABLE : 0) |
		   (report_format << GEN7_OACONTROL_FORMAT_SHIFT) |
		   (ctx ? GEN7_OACONTROL_PER_CTX_ENABLE : 0) |
		   GEN7_OACONTROL_ENABLE);
}

static void gen8_oa_enable(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	u32 report_format = stream->oa_buffer.format;

	/*
	 * Reset buf pointers so we don't forward reports from before now.
	 *
	 * Think carefully if considering trying to avoid this, since it
	 * also ensures status flags and the buffer itself are cleared
	 * in error paths, and we have checks for invalid reports based
	 * on the assumption that certain fields are written to zeroed
	 * memory which this helps maintains.
	 */
	gen8_init_oa_buffer(stream);

	/*
	 * Note: we don't rely on the hardware to perform single context
	 * filtering and instead filter on the cpu based on the context-id
	 * field of reports
	 */
	I915_WRITE(GEN8_OACONTROL, (report_format <<
				    GEN8_OA_REPORT_FORMAT_SHIFT) |
				   GEN8_OA_COUNTER_ENABLE);
}

/**
 * i915_oa_stream_enable - handle `I915_PERF_IOCTL_ENABLE` for OA stream
 * @stream: An i915 perf stream opened for OA metrics
 *
 * [Re]enables hardware periodic sampling according to the period configured
 * when opening the stream. This also starts a hrtimer that will periodically
 * check for data in the circular OA buffer for notifying userspace (e.g.
 * during a read() or poll()).
 */
static void i915_oa_stream_enable(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;

	dev_priv->perf.ops.oa_enable(stream);

	if (stream->periodic)
		hrtimer_start(&stream->poll_check_timer,
			      ns_to_ktime(POLL_PERIOD),
			      HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED);
}

static void gen7_oa_disable(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct intel_uncore *uncore = &stream->dev_priv->uncore;

	intel_uncore_write(uncore, GEN7_OACONTROL, 0);
	if (intel_wait_for_register(uncore,
				    GEN7_OACONTROL, GEN7_OACONTROL_ENABLE, 0,
				    50))
		DRM_ERROR("wait for OA to be disabled timed out\n");
}

static void gen8_oa_disable(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct intel_uncore *uncore = &stream->dev_priv->uncore;

	intel_uncore_write(uncore, GEN8_OACONTROL, 0);
	if (intel_wait_for_register(uncore,
				    GEN8_OACONTROL, GEN8_OA_COUNTER_ENABLE, 0,
				    50))
		DRM_ERROR("wait for OA to be disabled timed out\n");
}

/**
 * i915_oa_stream_disable - handle `I915_PERF_IOCTL_DISABLE` for OA stream
 * @stream: An i915 perf stream opened for OA metrics
 *
 * Stops the OA unit from periodically writing counter reports into the
 * circular OA buffer. This also stops the hrtimer that periodically checks for
 * data in the circular OA buffer, for notifying userspace.
 */
static void i915_oa_stream_disable(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;

	dev_priv->perf.ops.oa_disable(stream);

	if (stream->periodic)
		hrtimer_cancel(&stream->poll_check_timer);
}

static const struct i915_perf_stream_ops i915_oa_stream_ops = {
	.destroy = i915_oa_stream_destroy,
	.enable = i915_oa_stream_enable,
	.disable = i915_oa_stream_disable,
	.wait_unlocked = i915_oa_wait_unlocked,
	.poll_wait = i915_oa_poll_wait,
	.read = i915_oa_read,
};

/**
 * i915_oa_stream_init - validate combined props for OA stream and init
 * @stream: An i915 perf stream
 * @param: The open parameters passed to `DRM_I915_PERF_OPEN`
 * @props: The property state that configures stream (individually validated)
 *
 * While read_properties_unlocked() validates properties in isolation it
 * doesn't ensure that the combination necessarily makes sense.
 *
 * At this point it has been determined that userspace wants a stream of
 * OA metrics, but still we need to further validate the combined
 * properties are OK.
 *
 * If the configuration makes sense then we can allocate memory for
 * a circular OA buffer and apply the requested metric set configuration.
 *
 * Returns: zero on success or a negative error code.
 */
static int i915_oa_stream_init(struct i915_perf_stream *stream,
			       struct drm_i915_perf_open_param *param,
			       struct perf_open_properties *props)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	int format_size;
	int ret;

	/* If the sysfs metrics/ directory wasn't registered for some
	 * reason then don't let userspace try their luck with config
	 * IDs
	 */
	if (!dev_priv->perf.metrics_kobj) {
		DRM_DEBUG("OA metrics weren't advertised via sysfs\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (!(props->sample_flags & SAMPLE_OA_REPORT)) {
		DRM_DEBUG("Only OA report sampling supported\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (!dev_priv->perf.ops.enable_metric_set) {
		DRM_DEBUG("OA unit not supported\n");
		return -ENODEV;
	}

	/* To avoid the complexity of having to accurately filter
	 * counter reports and marshal to the appropriate client
	 * we currently only allow exclusive access
	 */
	if (dev_priv->perf.exclusive_stream) {
		DRM_DEBUG("OA unit already in use\n");
		return -EBUSY;
	}

	if (!props->oa_format) {
		DRM_DEBUG("OA report format not specified\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	stream->sample_size = sizeof(struct drm_i915_perf_record_header);

	format_size = dev_priv->perf.oa_formats[props->oa_format].size;

	stream->sample_flags |= SAMPLE_OA_REPORT;
	stream->sample_size += format_size;

	stream->oa_buffer.format_size = format_size;
	if (WARN_ON(stream->oa_buffer.format_size == 0))
		return -EINVAL;

	stream->oa_buffer.format =
		dev_priv->perf.oa_formats[props->oa_format].format;

	stream->periodic = props->oa_periodic;
	if (stream->periodic)
		stream->period_exponent = props->oa_period_exponent;

	if (stream->ctx) {
		ret = oa_get_render_ctx_id(stream);
		if (ret) {
			DRM_DEBUG("Invalid context id to filter with\n");
			return ret;
		}
	}

	ret = get_oa_config(dev_priv, props->metrics_set, &stream->oa_config);
	if (ret) {
		DRM_DEBUG("Invalid OA config id=%i\n", props->metrics_set);
		goto err_config;
	}

	/* PRM - observability performance counters:
	 *
	 *   OACONTROL, performance counter enable, note:
	 *
	 *   "When this bit is set, in order to have coherent counts,
	 *   RC6 power state and trunk clock gating must be disabled.
	 *   This can be achieved by programming MMIO registers as
	 *   0xA094=0 and 0xA090[31]=1"
	 *
	 *   In our case we are expecting that taking pm + FORCEWAKE
	 *   references will effectively disable RC6.
	 */
	stream->wakeref = intel_runtime_pm_get(&dev_priv->runtime_pm);
	intel_uncore_forcewake_get(&dev_priv->uncore, FORCEWAKE_ALL);

	ret = alloc_oa_buffer(stream);
	if (ret)
		goto err_oa_buf_alloc;

	ret = i915_mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev_priv->drm);
	if (ret)
		goto err_lock;

	stream->ops = &i915_oa_stream_ops;
	dev_priv->perf.exclusive_stream = stream;

	ret = dev_priv->perf.ops.enable_metric_set(stream);
	if (ret) {
		DRM_DEBUG("Unable to enable metric set\n");
		goto err_enable;
	}

	mutex_unlock(&dev_priv->drm.struct_mutex);

	hrtimer_init(&stream->poll_check_timer,
		     CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
	stream->poll_check_timer.function = oa_poll_check_timer_cb;
	init_waitqueue_head(&stream->poll_wq);
	spin_lock_init(&stream->oa_buffer.ptr_lock);

	return 0;

err_enable:
	dev_priv->perf.exclusive_stream = NULL;
	dev_priv->perf.ops.disable_metric_set(stream);
	mutex_unlock(&dev_priv->drm.struct_mutex);

err_lock:
	free_oa_buffer(stream);

err_oa_buf_alloc:
	put_oa_config(dev_priv, stream->oa_config);

	intel_uncore_forcewake_put(&dev_priv->uncore, FORCEWAKE_ALL);
	intel_runtime_pm_put(&dev_priv->runtime_pm, stream->wakeref);

err_config:
	if (stream->ctx)
		oa_put_render_ctx_id(stream);

	return ret;
}

void i915_oa_init_reg_state(struct intel_engine_cs *engine,
			    struct intel_context *ce,
			    u32 *regs)
{
	struct i915_perf_stream *stream;

	if (engine->class != RENDER_CLASS)
		return;

	stream = engine->i915->perf.exclusive_stream;
	if (stream)
		gen8_update_reg_state_unlocked(stream, ce, regs, stream->oa_config);
}

/**
 * i915_perf_read_locked - &i915_perf_stream_ops->read with error normalisation
 * @stream: An i915 perf stream
 * @file: An i915 perf stream file
 * @buf: destination buffer given by userspace
 * @count: the number of bytes userspace wants to read
 * @ppos: (inout) file seek position (unused)
 *
 * Besides wrapping &i915_perf_stream_ops->read this provides a common place to
 * ensure that if we've successfully copied any data then reporting that takes
 * precedence over any internal error status, so the data isn't lost.
 *
 * For example ret will be -ENOSPC whenever there is more buffered data than
 * can be copied to userspace, but that's only interesting if we weren't able
 * to copy some data because it implies the userspace buffer is too small to
 * receive a single record (and we never split records).
 *
 * Another case with ret == -EFAULT is more of a grey area since it would seem
 * like bad form for userspace to ask us to overrun its buffer, but the user
 * knows best:
 *
 *   http://yarchive.net/comp/linux/partial_reads_writes.html
 *
 * Returns: The number of bytes copied or a negative error code on failure.
 */
static ssize_t i915_perf_read_locked(struct i915_perf_stream *stream,
				     struct file *file,
				     char __user *buf,
				     size_t count,
				     loff_t *ppos)
{
	/* Note we keep the offset (aka bytes read) separate from any
	 * error status so that the final check for whether we return
	 * the bytes read with a higher precedence than any error (see
	 * comment below) doesn't need to be handled/duplicated in
	 * stream->ops->read() implementations.
	 */
	size_t offset = 0;
	int ret = stream->ops->read(stream, buf, count, &offset);

	return offset ?: (ret ?: -EAGAIN);
}

/**
 * i915_perf_read - handles read() FOP for i915 perf stream FDs
 * @file: An i915 perf stream file
 * @buf: destination buffer given by userspace
 * @count: the number of bytes userspace wants to read
 * @ppos: (inout) file seek position (unused)
 *
 * The entry point for handling a read() on a stream file descriptor from
 * userspace. Most of the work is left to the i915_perf_read_locked() and
 * &i915_perf_stream_ops->read but to save having stream implementations (of
 * which we might have multiple later) we handle blocking read here.
 *
 * We can also consistently treat trying to read from a disabled stream
 * as an IO error so implementations can assume the stream is enabled
 * while reading.
 *
 * Returns: The number of bytes copied or a negative error code on failure.
 */
static ssize_t i915_perf_read(struct file *file,
			      char __user *buf,
			      size_t count,
			      loff_t *ppos)
{
	struct i915_perf_stream *stream = file->private_data;
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	ssize_t ret;

	/* To ensure it's handled consistently we simply treat all reads of a
	 * disabled stream as an error. In particular it might otherwise lead
	 * to a deadlock for blocking file descriptors...
	 */
	if (!stream->enabled)
		return -EIO;

	if (!(file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)) {
		/* There's the small chance of false positives from
		 * stream->ops->wait_unlocked.
		 *
		 * E.g. with single context filtering since we only wait until
		 * oabuffer has >= 1 report we don't immediately know whether
		 * any reports really belong to the current context
		 */
		do {
			ret = stream->ops->wait_unlocked(stream);
			if (ret)
				return ret;

			mutex_lock(&dev_priv->perf.lock);
			ret = i915_perf_read_locked(stream, file,
						    buf, count, ppos);
			mutex_unlock(&dev_priv->perf.lock);
		} while (ret == -EAGAIN);
	} else {
		mutex_lock(&dev_priv->perf.lock);
		ret = i915_perf_read_locked(stream, file, buf, count, ppos);
		mutex_unlock(&dev_priv->perf.lock);
	}

	/* We allow the poll checking to sometimes report false positive EPOLLIN
	 * events where we might actually report EAGAIN on read() if there's
	 * not really any data available. In this situation though we don't
	 * want to enter a busy loop between poll() reporting a EPOLLIN event
	 * and read() returning -EAGAIN. Clearing the oa.pollin state here
	 * effectively ensures we back off until the next hrtimer callback
	 * before reporting another EPOLLIN event.
	 */
	if (ret >= 0 || ret == -EAGAIN) {
		/* Maybe make ->pollin per-stream state if we support multiple
		 * concurrent streams in the future.
		 */
		stream->pollin = false;
	}

	return ret;
}

static enum hrtimer_restart oa_poll_check_timer_cb(struct hrtimer *hrtimer)
{
	struct i915_perf_stream *stream =
		container_of(hrtimer, typeof(*stream), poll_check_timer);

	if (oa_buffer_check_unlocked(stream)) {
		stream->pollin = true;
		wake_up(&stream->poll_wq);
	}

	hrtimer_forward_now(hrtimer, ns_to_ktime(POLL_PERIOD));

	return HRTIMER_RESTART;
}

/**
 * i915_perf_poll_locked - poll_wait() with a suitable wait queue for stream
 * @dev_priv: i915 device instance
 * @stream: An i915 perf stream
 * @file: An i915 perf stream file
 * @wait: poll() state table
 *
 * For handling userspace polling on an i915 perf stream, this calls through to
 * &i915_perf_stream_ops->poll_wait to call poll_wait() with a wait queue that
 * will be woken for new stream data.
 *
 * Note: The &drm_i915_private->perf.lock mutex has been taken to serialize
 * with any non-file-operation driver hooks.
 *
 * Returns: any poll events that are ready without sleeping
 */
static __poll_t i915_perf_poll_locked(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv,
					  struct i915_perf_stream *stream,
					  struct file *file,
					  poll_table *wait)
{
	__poll_t events = 0;

	stream->ops->poll_wait(stream, file, wait);

	/* Note: we don't explicitly check whether there's something to read
	 * here since this path may be very hot depending on what else
	 * userspace is polling, or on the timeout in use. We rely solely on
	 * the hrtimer/oa_poll_check_timer_cb to notify us when there are
	 * samples to read.
	 */
	if (stream->pollin)
		events |= EPOLLIN;

	return events;
}

/**
 * i915_perf_poll - call poll_wait() with a suitable wait queue for stream
 * @file: An i915 perf stream file
 * @wait: poll() state table
 *
 * For handling userspace polling on an i915 perf stream, this ensures
 * poll_wait() gets called with a wait queue that will be woken for new stream
 * data.
 *
 * Note: Implementation deferred to i915_perf_poll_locked()
 *
 * Returns: any poll events that are ready without sleeping
 */
static __poll_t i915_perf_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)
{
	struct i915_perf_stream *stream = file->private_data;
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	__poll_t ret;

	mutex_lock(&dev_priv->perf.lock);
	ret = i915_perf_poll_locked(dev_priv, stream, file, wait);
	mutex_unlock(&dev_priv->perf.lock);

	return ret;
}

/**
 * i915_perf_enable_locked - handle `I915_PERF_IOCTL_ENABLE` ioctl
 * @stream: A disabled i915 perf stream
 *
 * [Re]enables the associated capture of data for this stream.
 *
 * If a stream was previously enabled then there's currently no intention
 * to provide userspace any guarantee about the preservation of previously
 * buffered data.
 */
static void i915_perf_enable_locked(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	if (stream->enabled)
		return;

	/* Allow stream->ops->enable() to refer to this */
	stream->enabled = true;

	if (stream->ops->enable)
		stream->ops->enable(stream);
}

/**
 * i915_perf_disable_locked - handle `I915_PERF_IOCTL_DISABLE` ioctl
 * @stream: An enabled i915 perf stream
 *
 * Disables the associated capture of data for this stream.
 *
 * The intention is that disabling an re-enabling a stream will ideally be
 * cheaper than destroying and re-opening a stream with the same configuration,
 * though there are no formal guarantees about what state or buffered data
 * must be retained between disabling and re-enabling a stream.
 *
 * Note: while a stream is disabled it's considered an error for userspace
 * to attempt to read from the stream (-EIO).
 */
static void i915_perf_disable_locked(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	if (!stream->enabled)
		return;

	/* Allow stream->ops->disable() to refer to this */
	stream->enabled = false;

	if (stream->ops->disable)
		stream->ops->disable(stream);
}

/**
 * i915_perf_ioctl - support ioctl() usage with i915 perf stream FDs
 * @stream: An i915 perf stream
 * @cmd: the ioctl request
 * @arg: the ioctl data
 *
 * Note: The &drm_i915_private->perf.lock mutex has been taken to serialize
 * with any non-file-operation driver hooks.
 *
 * Returns: zero on success or a negative error code. Returns -EINVAL for
 * an unknown ioctl request.
 */
static long i915_perf_ioctl_locked(struct i915_perf_stream *stream,
				   unsigned int cmd,
				   unsigned long arg)
{
	switch (cmd) {
	case I915_PERF_IOCTL_ENABLE:
		i915_perf_enable_locked(stream);
		return 0;
	case I915_PERF_IOCTL_DISABLE:
		i915_perf_disable_locked(stream);
		return 0;
	}

	return -EINVAL;
}

/**
 * i915_perf_ioctl - support ioctl() usage with i915 perf stream FDs
 * @file: An i915 perf stream file
 * @cmd: the ioctl request
 * @arg: the ioctl data
 *
 * Implementation deferred to i915_perf_ioctl_locked().
 *
 * Returns: zero on success or a negative error code. Returns -EINVAL for
 * an unknown ioctl request.
 */
static long i915_perf_ioctl(struct file *file,
			    unsigned int cmd,
			    unsigned long arg)
{
	struct i915_perf_stream *stream = file->private_data;
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;
	long ret;

	mutex_lock(&dev_priv->perf.lock);
	ret = i915_perf_ioctl_locked(stream, cmd, arg);
	mutex_unlock(&dev_priv->perf.lock);

	return ret;
}

/**
 * i915_perf_destroy_locked - destroy an i915 perf stream
 * @stream: An i915 perf stream
 *
 * Frees all resources associated with the given i915 perf @stream, disabling
 * any associated data capture in the process.
 *
 * Note: The &drm_i915_private->perf.lock mutex has been taken to serialize
 * with any non-file-operation driver hooks.
 */
static void i915_perf_destroy_locked(struct i915_perf_stream *stream)
{
	if (stream->enabled)
		i915_perf_disable_locked(stream);

	if (stream->ops->destroy)
		stream->ops->destroy(stream);

	list_del(&stream->link);

	if (stream->ctx)
		i915_gem_context_put(stream->ctx);

	kfree(stream);
}

/**
 * i915_perf_release - handles userspace close() of a stream file
 * @inode: anonymous inode associated with file
 * @file: An i915 perf stream file
 *
 * Cleans up any resources associated with an open i915 perf stream file.
 *
 * NB: close() can't really fail from the userspace point of view.
 *
 * Returns: zero on success or a negative error code.
 */
static int i915_perf_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	struct i915_perf_stream *stream = file->private_data;
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = stream->dev_priv;

	mutex_lock(&dev_priv->perf.lock);
	i915_perf_destroy_locked(stream);
	mutex_unlock(&dev_priv->perf.lock);

	/* Release the reference the perf stream kept on the driver. */
	drm_dev_put(&dev_priv->drm);

	return 0;
}


static const struct file_operations fops = {
	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
	.llseek		= no_llseek,
	.release	= i915_perf_release,
	.poll		= i915_perf_poll,
	.read		= i915_perf_read,
	.unlocked_ioctl	= i915_perf_ioctl,
	/* Our ioctl have no arguments, so it's safe to use the same function
	 * to handle 32bits compatibility.
	 */
	.compat_ioctl   = i915_perf_ioctl,
};


/**
 * i915_perf_open_ioctl_locked - DRM ioctl() for userspace to open a stream FD
 * @dev_priv: i915 device instance
 * @param: The open parameters passed to 'DRM_I915_PERF_OPEN`
 * @props: individually validated u64 property value pairs
 * @file: drm file
 *
 * See i915_perf_ioctl_open() for interface details.
 *
 * Implements further stream config validation and stream initialization on
 * behalf of i915_perf_open_ioctl() with the &drm_i915_private->perf.lock mutex
 * taken to serialize with any non-file-operation driver hooks.
 *
 * Note: at this point the @props have only been validated in isolation and
 * it's still necessary to validate that the combination of properties makes
 * sense.
 *
 * In the case where userspace is interested in OA unit metrics then further
 * config validation and stream initialization details will be handled by
 * i915_oa_stream_init(). The code here should only validate config state that
 * will be relevant to all stream types / backends.
 *
 * Returns: zero on success or a negative error code.
 */
static int
i915_perf_open_ioctl_locked(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv,
			    struct drm_i915_perf_open_param *param,
			    struct perf_open_properties *props,
			    struct drm_file *file)
{
	struct i915_gem_context *specific_ctx = NULL;
	struct i915_perf_stream *stream = NULL;
	unsigned long f_flags = 0;
	bool privileged_op = true;
	int stream_fd;
	int ret;

	if (props->single_context) {
		u32 ctx_handle = props->ctx_handle;
		struct drm_i915_file_private *file_priv = file->driver_priv;

		specific_ctx = i915_gem_context_lookup(file_priv, ctx_handle);
		if (!specific_ctx) {
			DRM_DEBUG("Failed to look up context with ID %u for opening perf stream\n",
				  ctx_handle);
			ret = -ENOENT;
			goto err;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * On Haswell the OA unit supports clock gating off for a specific
	 * context and in this mode there's no visibility of metrics for the
	 * rest of the system, which we consider acceptable for a
	 * non-privileged client.
	 *
	 * For Gen8+ the OA unit no longer supports clock gating off for a
	 * specific context and the kernel can't securely stop the counters
	 * from updating as system-wide / global values. Even though we can
	 * filter reports based on the included context ID we can't block
	 * clients from seeing the raw / global counter values via
	 * MI_REPORT_PERF_COUNT commands and so consider it a privileged op to
	 * enable the OA unit by default.
	 */
	if (IS_HASWELL(dev_priv) && specific_ctx)
		privileged_op = false;

	/* Similar to perf's kernel.perf_paranoid_cpu sysctl option
	 * we check a dev.i915.perf_stream_paranoid sysctl option
	 * to determine if it's ok to access system wide OA counters
	 * without CAP_SYS_ADMIN privileges.
	 */
	if (privileged_op &&
	    i915_perf_stream_paranoid && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) {
		DRM_DEBUG("Insufficient privileges to open system-wide i915 perf stream\n");
		ret = -EACCES;
		goto err_ctx;
	}

	stream = kzalloc(sizeof(*stream), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!stream) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto err_ctx;
	}

	stream->dev_priv = dev_priv;
	stream->ctx = specific_ctx;

	ret = i915_oa_stream_init(stream, param, props);
	if (ret)
		goto err_alloc;

	/* we avoid simply assigning stream->sample_flags = props->sample_flags
	 * to have _stream_init check the combination of sample flags more
	 * thoroughly, but still this is the expected result at this point.
	 */
	if (WARN_ON(stream->sample_flags != props->sample_flags)) {
		ret = -ENODEV;
		goto err_flags;
	}

	list_add(&stream->link, &dev_priv->perf.streams);

	if (param->flags & I915_PERF_FLAG_FD_CLOEXEC)
		f_flags |= O_CLOEXEC;
	if (param->flags & I915_PERF_FLAG_FD_NONBLOCK)
		f_flags |= O_NONBLOCK;

	stream_fd = anon_inode_getfd("[i915_perf]", &fops, stream, f_flags);
	if (stream_fd < 0) {
		ret = stream_fd;
		goto err_open;
	}

	if (!(param->flags & I915_PERF_FLAG_DISABLED))
		i915_perf_enable_locked(stream);

	/* Take a reference on the driver that will be kept with stream_fd
	 * until its release.
	 */
	drm_dev_get(&dev_priv->drm);

	return stream_fd;

err_open:
	list_del(&stream->link);
err_flags:
	if (stream->ops->destroy)
		stream->ops->destroy(stream);
err_alloc:
	kfree(stream);
err_ctx:
	if (specific_ctx)
		i915_gem_context_put(specific_ctx);
err:
	return ret;
}

static u64 oa_exponent_to_ns(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv, int exponent)
{
	return div64_u64(1000000000ULL * (2ULL << exponent),
			 1000ULL * RUNTIME_INFO(dev_priv)->cs_timestamp_frequency_khz);
}

/**
 * read_properties_unlocked - validate + copy userspace stream open properties
 * @dev_priv: i915 device instance
 * @uprops: The array of u64 key value pairs given by userspace
 * @n_props: The number of key value pairs expected in @uprops
 * @props: The stream configuration built up while validating properties
 *
 * Note this function only validates properties in isolation it doesn't
 * validate that the combination of properties makes sense or that all
 * properties necessary for a particular kind of stream have been set.
 *
 * Note that there currently aren't any ordering requirements for properties so
 * we shouldn't validate or assume anything about ordering here. This doesn't
 * rule out defining new properties with ordering requirements in the future.
 */
static int read_properties_unlocked(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv,
				    u64 __user *uprops,
				    u32 n_props,
				    struct perf_open_properties *props)
{
	u64 __user *uprop = uprops;
	u32 i;

	memset(props, 0, sizeof(struct perf_open_properties));

	if (!n_props) {
		DRM_DEBUG("No i915 perf properties given\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* Considering that ID = 0 is reserved and assuming that we don't
	 * (currently) expect any configurations to ever specify duplicate
	 * values for a particular property ID then the last _PROP_MAX value is
	 * one greater than the maximum number of properties we expect to get
	 * from userspace.
	 */
	if (n_props >= DRM_I915_PERF_PROP_MAX) {
		DRM_DEBUG("More i915 perf properties specified than exist\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	for (i = 0; i < n_props; i++) {
		u64 oa_period, oa_freq_hz;
		u64 id, value;
		int ret;

		ret = get_user(id, uprop);
		if (ret)
			return ret;

		ret = get_user(value, uprop + 1);
		if (ret)
			return ret;

		if (id == 0 || id >= DRM_I915_PERF_PROP_MAX) {
			DRM_DEBUG("Unknown i915 perf property ID\n");
			return -EINVAL;
		}

		switch ((enum drm_i915_perf_property_id)id) {
		case DRM_I915_PERF_PROP_CTX_HANDLE:
			props->single_context = 1;
			props->ctx_handle = value;
			break;
		case DRM_I915_PERF_PROP_SAMPLE_OA:
			if (value)
				props->sample_flags |= SAMPLE_OA_REPORT;
			break;
		case DRM_I915_PERF_PROP_OA_METRICS_SET:
			if (value == 0) {
				DRM_DEBUG("Unknown OA metric set ID\n");
				return -EINVAL;
			}
			props->metrics_set = value;
			break;
		case DRM_I915_PERF_PROP_OA_FORMAT:
			if (value == 0 || value >= I915_OA_FORMAT_MAX) {
				DRM_DEBUG("Out-of-range OA report format %llu\n",
					  value);
				return -EINVAL;
			}
			if (!dev_priv->perf.oa_formats[value].size) {
				DRM_DEBUG("Unsupported OA report format %llu\n",
					  value);
				return -EINVAL;
			}
			props->oa_format = value;
			break;
		case DRM_I915_PERF_PROP_OA_EXPONENT:
			if (value > OA_EXPONENT_MAX) {
				DRM_DEBUG("OA timer exponent too high (> %u)\n",
					 OA_EXPONENT_MAX);
				return -EINVAL;
			}

			/* Theoretically we can program the OA unit to sample
			 * e.g. every 160ns for HSW, 167ns for BDW/SKL or 104ns
			 * for BXT. We don't allow such high sampling
			 * frequencies by default unless root.
			 */

			BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(oa_period) != 8);
			oa_period = oa_exponent_to_ns(dev_priv, value);

			/* This check is primarily to ensure that oa_period <=
			 * UINT32_MAX (before passing to do_div which only
			 * accepts a u32 denominator), but we can also skip
			 * checking anything < 1Hz which implicitly can't be
			 * limited via an integer oa_max_sample_rate.
			 */
			if (oa_period <= NSEC_PER_SEC) {
				u64 tmp = NSEC_PER_SEC;
				do_div(tmp, oa_period);
				oa_freq_hz = tmp;
			} else
				oa_freq_hz = 0;

			if (oa_freq_hz > i915_oa_max_sample_rate &&
			    !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) {
				DRM_DEBUG("OA exponent would exceed the max sampling frequency (sysctl dev.i915.oa_max_sample_rate) %uHz without root privileges\n",
					  i915_oa_max_sample_rate);
				return -EACCES;
			}

			props->oa_periodic = true;
			props->oa_period_exponent = value;
			break;
		case DRM_I915_PERF_PROP_MAX:
			MISSING_CASE(id);
			return -EINVAL;
		}

		uprop += 2;
	}

	return 0;
}

/**
 * i915_perf_open_ioctl - DRM ioctl() for userspace to open a stream FD
 * @dev: drm device
 * @data: ioctl data copied from userspace (unvalidated)
 * @file: drm file
 *
 * Validates the stream open parameters given by userspace including flags
 * and an array of u64 key, value pair properties.
 *
 * Very little is assumed up front about the nature of the stream being
 * opened (for instance we don't assume it's for periodic OA unit metrics). An
 * i915-perf stream is expected to be a suitable interface for other forms of
 * buffered data written by the GPU besides periodic OA metrics.
 *
 * Note we copy the properties from userspace outside of the i915 perf
 * mutex to avoid an awkward lockdep with mmap_sem.
 *
 * Most of the implementation details are handled by
 * i915_perf_open_ioctl_locked() after taking the &drm_i915_private->perf.lock
 * mutex for serializing with any non-file-operation driver hooks.
 *
 * Return: A newly opened i915 Perf stream file descriptor or negative
 * error code on failure.
 */
int i915_perf_open_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev, void *data,
			 struct drm_file *file)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = dev->dev_private;
	struct drm_i915_perf_open_param *param = data;
	struct perf_open_properties props;
	u32 known_open_flags;
	int ret;

	if (!dev_priv->perf.initialized) {
		DRM_DEBUG("i915 perf interface not available for this system\n");
		return -ENOTSUPP;
	}

	known_open_flags = I915_PERF_FLAG_FD_CLOEXEC |
			   I915_PERF_FLAG_FD_NONBLOCK |
			   I915_PERF_FLAG_DISABLED;
	if (param->flags & ~known_open_flags) {
		DRM_DEBUG("Unknown drm_i915_perf_open_param flag\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	ret = read_properties_unlocked(dev_priv,
				       u64_to_user_ptr(param->properties_ptr),
				       param->num_properties,
				       &props);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	mutex_lock(&dev_priv->perf.lock);
	ret = i915_perf_open_ioctl_locked(dev_priv, param, &props, file);
	mutex_unlock(&dev_priv->perf.lock);

	return ret;
}

/**
 * i915_perf_register - exposes i915-perf to userspace
 * @dev_priv: i915 device instance
 *
 * In particular OA metric sets are advertised under a sysfs metrics/
 * directory allowing userspace to enumerate valid IDs that can be
 * used to open an i915-perf stream.
 */
void i915_perf_register(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv)
{
	int ret;

	if (!dev_priv->perf.initialized)
		return;

	/* To be sure we're synchronized with an attempted
	 * i915_perf_open_ioctl(); considering that we register after
	 * being exposed to userspace.
	 */
	mutex_lock(&dev_priv->perf.lock);

	dev_priv->perf.metrics_kobj =
		kobject_create_and_add("metrics",
				       &dev_priv->drm.primary->kdev->kobj);
	if (!dev_priv->perf.metrics_kobj)
		goto exit;

	sysfs_attr_init(&dev_priv->perf.test_config.sysfs_metric_id.attr);

	if (INTEL_GEN(dev_priv) >= 11) {
		i915_perf_load_test_config_icl(dev_priv);
	} else if (IS_CANNONLAKE(dev_priv)) {
		i915_perf_load_test_config_cnl(dev_priv);
	} else if (IS_COFFEELAKE(dev_priv)) {
		if (IS_CFL_GT2(dev_priv))
			i915_perf_load_test_config_cflgt2(dev_priv);
		if (IS_CFL_GT3(dev_priv))
			i915_perf_load_test_config_cflgt3(dev_priv);
	} else if (IS_GEMINILAKE(dev_priv)) {
		i915_perf_load_test_config_glk(dev_priv);
	} else if (IS_KABYLAKE(dev_priv)) {
		if (IS_KBL_GT2(dev_priv))
			i915_perf_load_test_config_kblgt2(dev_priv);
		else if (IS_KBL_GT3(dev_priv))
			i915_perf_load_test_config_kblgt3(dev_priv);
	} else if (IS_BROXTON(dev_priv)) {
		i915_perf_load_test_config_bxt(dev_priv);
	} else if (IS_SKYLAKE(dev_priv)) {
		if (IS_SKL_GT2(dev_priv))
			i915_perf_load_test_config_sklgt2(dev_priv);
		else if (IS_SKL_GT3(dev_priv))
			i915_perf_load_test_config_sklgt3(dev_priv);
		else if (IS_SKL_GT4(dev_priv))
			i915_perf_load_test_config_sklgt4(dev_priv);
	} else if (IS_CHERRYVIEW(dev_priv)) {
		i915_perf_load_test_config_chv(dev_priv);
	} else if (IS_BROADWELL(dev_priv)) {
		i915_perf_load_test_config_bdw(dev_priv);
	} else if (IS_HASWELL(dev_priv)) {
		i915_perf_load_test_config_hsw(dev_priv);
}

	if (dev_priv->perf.test_config.id == 0)
		goto sysfs_error;

	ret = sysfs_create_group(dev_priv->perf.metrics_kobj,
				 &dev_priv->perf.test_config.sysfs_metric);
	if (ret)
		goto sysfs_error;

	atomic_set(&dev_priv->perf.test_config.ref_count, 1);

	goto exit;

sysfs_error:
	kobject_put(dev_priv->perf.metrics_kobj);
	dev_priv->perf.metrics_kobj = NULL;

exit:
	mutex_unlock(&dev_priv->perf.lock);
}

/**
 * i915_perf_unregister - hide i915-perf from userspace
 * @dev_priv: i915 device instance
 *
 * i915-perf state cleanup is split up into an 'unregister' and
 * 'deinit' phase where the interface is first hidden from
 * userspace by i915_perf_unregister() before cleaning up
 * remaining state in i915_perf_fini().
 */
void i915_perf_unregister(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv)
{
	if (!dev_priv->perf.metrics_kobj)
		return;

	sysfs_remove_group(dev_priv->perf.metrics_kobj,
			   &dev_priv->perf.test_config.sysfs_metric);

	kobject_put(dev_priv->perf.metrics_kobj);
	dev_priv->perf.metrics_kobj = NULL;
}

static bool gen8_is_valid_flex_addr(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv, u32 addr)
{
	static const i915_reg_t flex_eu_regs[] = {
		EU_PERF_CNTL0,
		EU_PERF_CNTL1,
		EU_PERF_CNTL2,
		EU_PERF_CNTL3,
		EU_PERF_CNTL4,
		EU_PERF_CNTL5,
		EU_PERF_CNTL6,
	};
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(flex_eu_regs); i++) {
		if (i915_mmio_reg_offset(flex_eu_regs[i]) == addr)
			return true;
	}
	return false;
}

static bool gen7_is_valid_b_counter_addr(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv, u32 addr)
{
	return (addr >= i915_mmio_reg_offset(OASTARTTRIG1) &&
		addr <= i915_mmio_reg_offset(OASTARTTRIG8)) ||
		(addr >= i915_mmio_reg_offset(OAREPORTTRIG1) &&
		 addr <= i915_mmio_reg_offset(OAREPORTTRIG8)) ||
		(addr >= i915_mmio_reg_offset(OACEC0_0) &&
		 addr <= i915_mmio_reg_offset(OACEC7_1));
}

static bool gen7_is_valid_mux_addr(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv, u32 addr)
{
	return addr == i915_mmio_reg_offset(HALF_SLICE_CHICKEN2) ||
		(addr >= i915_mmio_reg_offset(MICRO_BP0_0) &&
		 addr <= i915_mmio_reg_offset(NOA_WRITE)) ||
		(addr >= i915_mmio_reg_offset(OA_PERFCNT1_LO) &&
		 addr <= i915_mmio_reg_offset(OA_PERFCNT2_HI)) ||
		(addr >= i915_mmio_reg_offset(OA_PERFMATRIX_LO) &&
		 addr <= i915_mmio_reg_offset(OA_PERFMATRIX_HI));
}

static bool gen8_is_valid_mux_addr(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv, u32 addr)
{
	return gen7_is_valid_mux_addr(dev_priv, addr) ||
		addr == i915_mmio_reg_offset(WAIT_FOR_RC6_EXIT) ||
		(addr >= i915_mmio_reg_offset(RPM_CONFIG0) &&
		 addr <= i915_mmio_reg_offset(NOA_CONFIG(8)));
}

static bool gen10_is_valid_mux_addr(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv, u32 addr)
{
	return gen8_is_valid_mux_addr(dev_priv, addr) ||
		addr == i915_mmio_reg_offset(GEN10_NOA_WRITE_HIGH) ||
		(addr >= i915_mmio_reg_offset(OA_PERFCNT3_LO) &&
		 addr <= i915_mmio_reg_offset(OA_PERFCNT4_HI));
}

static bool hsw_is_valid_mux_addr(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv, u32 addr)
{
	return gen7_is_valid_mux_addr(dev_priv, addr) ||
		(addr >= 0x25100 && addr <= 0x2FF90) ||
		(addr >= i915_mmio_reg_offset(HSW_MBVID2_NOA0) &&
		 addr <= i915_mmio_reg_offset(HSW_MBVID2_NOA9)) ||
		addr == i915_mmio_reg_offset(HSW_MBVID2_MISR0);
}

static bool chv_is_valid_mux_addr(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv, u32 addr)
{
	return gen7_is_valid_mux_addr(dev_priv, addr) ||
		(addr >= 0x182300 && addr <= 0x1823A4);
}

static u32 mask_reg_value(u32 reg, u32 val)
{
	/* HALF_SLICE_CHICKEN2 is programmed with a the
	 * WaDisableSTUnitPowerOptimization workaround. Make sure the value
	 * programmed by userspace doesn't change this.
	 */
	if (i915_mmio_reg_offset(HALF_SLICE_CHICKEN2) == reg)
		val = val & ~_MASKED_BIT_ENABLE(GEN8_ST_PO_DISABLE);

	/* WAIT_FOR_RC6_EXIT has only one bit fullfilling the function
	 * indicated by its name and a bunch of selection fields used by OA
	 * configs.
	 */
	if (i915_mmio_reg_offset(WAIT_FOR_RC6_EXIT) == reg)
		val = val & ~_MASKED_BIT_ENABLE(HSW_WAIT_FOR_RC6_EXIT_ENABLE);

	return val;
}

static struct i915_oa_reg *alloc_oa_regs(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv,
					 bool (*is_valid)(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv, u32 addr),
					 u32 __user *regs,
					 u32 n_regs)
{
	struct i915_oa_reg *oa_regs;
	int err;
	u32 i;

	if (!n_regs)
		return NULL;

	if (!access_ok(regs, n_regs * sizeof(u32) * 2))
		return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);

	/* No is_valid function means we're not allowing any register to be programmed. */
	GEM_BUG_ON(!is_valid);
	if (!is_valid)
		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);

	oa_regs = kmalloc_array(n_regs, sizeof(*oa_regs), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!oa_regs)
		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);

	for (i = 0; i < n_regs; i++) {
		u32 addr, value;

		err = get_user(addr, regs);
		if (err)
			goto addr_err;

		if (!is_valid(dev_priv, addr)) {
			DRM_DEBUG("Invalid oa_reg address: %X\n", addr);
			err = -EINVAL;
			goto addr_err;
		}

		err = get_user(value, regs + 1);
		if (err)
			goto addr_err;

		oa_regs[i].addr = _MMIO(addr);
		oa_regs[i].value = mask_reg_value(addr, value);

		regs += 2;
	}

	return oa_regs;

addr_err:
	kfree(oa_regs);
	return ERR_PTR(err);
}

static ssize_t show_dynamic_id(struct device *dev,
			       struct device_attribute *attr,
			       char *buf)
{
	struct i915_oa_config *oa_config =
		container_of(attr, typeof(*oa_config), sysfs_metric_id);

	return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", oa_config->id);
}

static int create_dynamic_oa_sysfs_entry(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv,
					 struct i915_oa_config *oa_config)
{
	sysfs_attr_init(&oa_config->sysfs_metric_id.attr);
	oa_config->sysfs_metric_id.attr.name = "id";
	oa_config->sysfs_metric_id.attr.mode = S_IRUGO;
	oa_config->sysfs_metric_id.show = show_dynamic_id;
	oa_config->sysfs_metric_id.store = NULL;

	oa_config->attrs[0] = &oa_config->sysfs_metric_id.attr;
	oa_config->attrs[1] = NULL;

	oa_config->sysfs_metric.name = oa_config->uuid;
	oa_config->sysfs_metric.attrs = oa_config->attrs;

	return sysfs_create_group(dev_priv->perf.metrics_kobj,
				  &oa_config->sysfs_metric);
}

/**
 * i915_perf_add_config_ioctl - DRM ioctl() for userspace to add a new OA config
 * @dev: drm device
 * @data: ioctl data (pointer to struct drm_i915_perf_oa_config) copied from
 *        userspace (unvalidated)
 * @file: drm file
 *
 * Validates the submitted OA register to be saved into a new OA config that
 * can then be used for programming the OA unit and its NOA network.
 *
 * Returns: A new allocated config number to be used with the perf open ioctl
 * or a negative error code on failure.
 */
int i915_perf_add_config_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev, void *data,
			       struct drm_file *file)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = dev->dev_private;
	struct drm_i915_perf_oa_config *args = data;
	struct i915_oa_config *oa_config, *tmp;
	int err, id;

	if (!dev_priv->perf.initialized) {
		DRM_DEBUG("i915 perf interface not available for this system\n");
		return -ENOTSUPP;
	}

	if (!dev_priv->perf.metrics_kobj) {
		DRM_DEBUG("OA metrics weren't advertised via sysfs\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (i915_perf_stream_paranoid && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) {
		DRM_DEBUG("Insufficient privileges to add i915 OA config\n");
		return -EACCES;
	}

	if ((!args->mux_regs_ptr || !args->n_mux_regs) &&
	    (!args->boolean_regs_ptr || !args->n_boolean_regs) &&
	    (!args->flex_regs_ptr || !args->n_flex_regs)) {
		DRM_DEBUG("No OA registers given\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	oa_config = kzalloc(sizeof(*oa_config), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!oa_config) {
		DRM_DEBUG("Failed to allocate memory for the OA config\n");
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	atomic_set(&oa_config->ref_count, 1);

	if (!uuid_is_valid(args->uuid)) {
		DRM_DEBUG("Invalid uuid format for OA config\n");
		err = -EINVAL;
		goto reg_err;
	}

	/* Last character in oa_config->uuid will be 0 because oa_config is
	 * kzalloc.
	 */
	memcpy(oa_config->uuid, args->uuid, sizeof(args->uuid));

	oa_config->mux_regs_len = args->n_mux_regs;
	oa_config->mux_regs =
		alloc_oa_regs(dev_priv,
			      dev_priv->perf.ops.is_valid_mux_reg,
			      u64_to_user_ptr(args->mux_regs_ptr),
			      args->n_mux_regs);

	if (IS_ERR(oa_config->mux_regs)) {
		DRM_DEBUG("Failed to create OA config for mux_regs\n");
		err = PTR_ERR(oa_config->mux_regs);
		goto reg_err;
	}

	oa_config->b_counter_regs_len = args->n_boolean_regs;
	oa_config->b_counter_regs =
		alloc_oa_regs(dev_priv,
			      dev_priv->perf.ops.is_valid_b_counter_reg,
			      u64_to_user_ptr(args->boolean_regs_ptr),
			      args->n_boolean_regs);

	if (IS_ERR(oa_config->b_counter_regs)) {
		DRM_DEBUG("Failed to create OA config for b_counter_regs\n");
		err = PTR_ERR(oa_config->b_counter_regs);
		goto reg_err;
	}

	if (INTEL_GEN(dev_priv) < 8) {
		if (args->n_flex_regs != 0) {
			err = -EINVAL;
			goto reg_err;
		}
	} else {
		oa_config->flex_regs_len = args->n_flex_regs;
		oa_config->flex_regs =
			alloc_oa_regs(dev_priv,
				      dev_priv->perf.ops.is_valid_flex_reg,
				      u64_to_user_ptr(args->flex_regs_ptr),
				      args->n_flex_regs);

		if (IS_ERR(oa_config->flex_regs)) {
			DRM_DEBUG("Failed to create OA config for flex_regs\n");
			err = PTR_ERR(oa_config->flex_regs);
			goto reg_err;
		}
	}

	err = mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev_priv->perf.metrics_lock);
	if (err)
		goto reg_err;

	/* We shouldn't have too many configs, so this iteration shouldn't be
	 * too costly.
	 */
	idr_for_each_entry(&dev_priv->perf.metrics_idr, tmp, id) {
		if (!strcmp(tmp->uuid, oa_config->uuid)) {
			DRM_DEBUG("OA config already exists with this uuid\n");
			err = -EADDRINUSE;
			goto sysfs_err;
		}
	}

	err = create_dynamic_oa_sysfs_entry(dev_priv, oa_config);
	if (err) {
		DRM_DEBUG("Failed to create sysfs entry for OA config\n");
		goto sysfs_err;
	}

	/* Config id 0 is invalid, id 1 for kernel stored test config. */
	oa_config->id = idr_alloc(&dev_priv->perf.metrics_idr,
				  oa_config, 2,
				  0, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (oa_config->id < 0) {
		DRM_DEBUG("Failed to create sysfs entry for OA config\n");
		err = oa_config->id;
		goto sysfs_err;
	}

	mutex_unlock(&dev_priv->perf.metrics_lock);

	DRM_DEBUG("Added config %s id=%i\n", oa_config->uuid, oa_config->id);

	return oa_config->id;

sysfs_err:
	mutex_unlock(&dev_priv->perf.metrics_lock);
reg_err:
	put_oa_config(dev_priv, oa_config);
	DRM_DEBUG("Failed to add new OA config\n");
	return err;
}

/**
 * i915_perf_remove_config_ioctl - DRM ioctl() for userspace to remove an OA config
 * @dev: drm device
 * @data: ioctl data (pointer to u64 integer) copied from userspace
 * @file: drm file
 *
 * Configs can be removed while being used, the will stop appearing in sysfs
 * and their content will be freed when the stream using the config is closed.
 *
 * Returns: 0 on success or a negative error code on failure.
 */
int i915_perf_remove_config_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev, void *data,
				  struct drm_file *file)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = dev->dev_private;
	u64 *arg = data;
	struct i915_oa_config *oa_config;
	int ret;

	if (!dev_priv->perf.initialized) {
		DRM_DEBUG("i915 perf interface not available for this system\n");
		return -ENOTSUPP;
	}

	if (i915_perf_stream_paranoid && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) {
		DRM_DEBUG("Insufficient privileges to remove i915 OA config\n");
		return -EACCES;
	}

	ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev_priv->perf.metrics_lock);
	if (ret)
		goto lock_err;

	oa_config = idr_find(&dev_priv->perf.metrics_idr, *arg);
	if (!oa_config) {
		DRM_DEBUG("Failed to remove unknown OA config\n");
		ret = -ENOENT;
		goto config_err;
	}

	GEM_BUG_ON(*arg != oa_config->id);

	sysfs_remove_group(dev_priv->perf.metrics_kobj,
			   &oa_config->sysfs_metric);

	idr_remove(&dev_priv->perf.metrics_idr, *arg);

	DRM_DEBUG("Removed config %s id=%i\n", oa_config->uuid, oa_config->id);

	put_oa_config(dev_priv, oa_config);

config_err:
	mutex_unlock(&dev_priv->perf.metrics_lock);
lock_err:
	return ret;
}

static struct ctl_table oa_table[] = {
	{
	 .procname = "perf_stream_paranoid",
	 .data = &i915_perf_stream_paranoid,
	 .maxlen = sizeof(i915_perf_stream_paranoid),
	 .mode = 0644,
	 .proc_handler = proc_dointvec_minmax,
	 .extra1 = SYSCTL_ZERO,
	 .extra2 = SYSCTL_ONE,
	 },
	{
	 .procname = "oa_max_sample_rate",
	 .data = &i915_oa_max_sample_rate,
	 .maxlen = sizeof(i915_oa_max_sample_rate),
	 .mode = 0644,
	 .proc_handler = proc_dointvec_minmax,
	 .extra1 = SYSCTL_ZERO,
	 .extra2 = &oa_sample_rate_hard_limit,
	 },
	{}
};

static struct ctl_table i915_root[] = {
	{
	 .procname = "i915",
	 .maxlen = 0,
	 .mode = 0555,
	 .child = oa_table,
	 },
	{}
};

static struct ctl_table dev_root[] = {
	{
	 .procname = "dev",
	 .maxlen = 0,
	 .mode = 0555,
	 .child = i915_root,
	 },
	{}
};

/**
 * i915_perf_init - initialize i915-perf state on module load
 * @dev_priv: i915 device instance
 *
 * Initializes i915-perf state without exposing anything to userspace.
 *
 * Note: i915-perf initialization is split into an 'init' and 'register'
 * phase with the i915_perf_register() exposing state to userspace.
 */
void i915_perf_init(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv)
{
	if (IS_HASWELL(dev_priv)) {
		dev_priv->perf.ops.is_valid_b_counter_reg =
			gen7_is_valid_b_counter_addr;
		dev_priv->perf.ops.is_valid_mux_reg =
			hsw_is_valid_mux_addr;
		dev_priv->perf.ops.is_valid_flex_reg = NULL;
		dev_priv->perf.ops.enable_metric_set = hsw_enable_metric_set;
		dev_priv->perf.ops.disable_metric_set = hsw_disable_metric_set;
		dev_priv->perf.ops.oa_enable = gen7_oa_enable;
		dev_priv->perf.ops.oa_disable = gen7_oa_disable;
		dev_priv->perf.ops.read = gen7_oa_read;
		dev_priv->perf.ops.oa_hw_tail_read =
			gen7_oa_hw_tail_read;

		dev_priv->perf.oa_formats = hsw_oa_formats;
	} else if (HAS_LOGICAL_RING_CONTEXTS(dev_priv)) {
		/* Note: that although we could theoretically also support the
		 * legacy ringbuffer mode on BDW (and earlier iterations of
		 * this driver, before upstreaming did this) it didn't seem
		 * worth the complexity to maintain now that BDW+ enable
		 * execlist mode by default.
		 */
		dev_priv->perf.oa_formats = gen8_plus_oa_formats;

		dev_priv->perf.ops.oa_enable = gen8_oa_enable;
		dev_priv->perf.ops.oa_disable = gen8_oa_disable;
		dev_priv->perf.ops.read = gen8_oa_read;
		dev_priv->perf.ops.oa_hw_tail_read = gen8_oa_hw_tail_read;

		if (IS_GEN_RANGE(dev_priv, 8, 9)) {
			dev_priv->perf.ops.is_valid_b_counter_reg =
				gen7_is_valid_b_counter_addr;
			dev_priv->perf.ops.is_valid_mux_reg =
				gen8_is_valid_mux_addr;
			dev_priv->perf.ops.is_valid_flex_reg =
				gen8_is_valid_flex_addr;

			if (IS_CHERRYVIEW(dev_priv)) {
				dev_priv->perf.ops.is_valid_mux_reg =
					chv_is_valid_mux_addr;
			}

			dev_priv->perf.ops.enable_metric_set = gen8_enable_metric_set;
			dev_priv->perf.ops.disable_metric_set = gen8_disable_metric_set;

			if (IS_GEN(dev_priv, 8)) {
				dev_priv->perf.ctx_oactxctrl_offset = 0x120;
				dev_priv->perf.ctx_flexeu0_offset = 0x2ce;

				dev_priv->perf.gen8_valid_ctx_bit = BIT(25);
			} else {
				dev_priv->perf.ctx_oactxctrl_offset = 0x128;
				dev_priv->perf.ctx_flexeu0_offset = 0x3de;

				dev_priv->perf.gen8_valid_ctx_bit = BIT(16);
			}
		} else if (IS_GEN_RANGE(dev_priv, 10, 11)) {
			dev_priv->perf.ops.is_valid_b_counter_reg =
				gen7_is_valid_b_counter_addr;
			dev_priv->perf.ops.is_valid_mux_reg =
				gen10_is_valid_mux_addr;
			dev_priv->perf.ops.is_valid_flex_reg =
				gen8_is_valid_flex_addr;

			dev_priv->perf.ops.enable_metric_set = gen8_enable_metric_set;
			dev_priv->perf.ops.disable_metric_set = gen10_disable_metric_set;

			if (IS_GEN(dev_priv, 10)) {
				dev_priv->perf.ctx_oactxctrl_offset = 0x128;
				dev_priv->perf.ctx_flexeu0_offset = 0x3de;
			} else {
				dev_priv->perf.ctx_oactxctrl_offset = 0x124;
				dev_priv->perf.ctx_flexeu0_offset = 0x78e;
			}
			dev_priv->perf.gen8_valid_ctx_bit = BIT(16);
		}
	}

	if (dev_priv->perf.ops.enable_metric_set) {
		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev_priv->perf.streams);
		mutex_init(&dev_priv->perf.lock);

		oa_sample_rate_hard_limit = 1000 *
			(RUNTIME_INFO(dev_priv)->cs_timestamp_frequency_khz / 2);
		dev_priv->perf.sysctl_header = register_sysctl_table(dev_root);

		mutex_init(&dev_priv->perf.metrics_lock);
		idr_init(&dev_priv->perf.metrics_idr);

		/* We set up some ratelimit state to potentially throttle any
		 * _NOTES about spurious, invalid OA reports which we don't
		 * forward to userspace.
		 *
		 * We print a _NOTE about any throttling when closing the
		 * stream instead of waiting until driver _fini which no one
		 * would ever see.
		 *
		 * Using the same limiting factors as printk_ratelimit()
		 */
		ratelimit_state_init(&dev_priv->perf.spurious_report_rs,
				     5 * HZ, 10);
		/* Since we use a DRM_NOTE for spurious reports it would be
		 * inconsistent to let __ratelimit() automatically print a
		 * warning for throttling.
		 */
		ratelimit_set_flags(&dev_priv->perf.spurious_report_rs,
				    RATELIMIT_MSG_ON_RELEASE);

		dev_priv->perf.initialized = true;
	}
}

static int destroy_config(int id, void *p, void *data)
{
	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = data;
	struct i915_oa_config *oa_config = p;

	put_oa_config(dev_priv, oa_config);

	return 0;
}

/**
 * i915_perf_fini - Counter part to i915_perf_init()
 * @dev_priv: i915 device instance
 */
void i915_perf_fini(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv)
{
	if (!dev_priv->perf.initialized)
		return;

	idr_for_each(&dev_priv->perf.metrics_idr, destroy_config, dev_priv);
	idr_destroy(&dev_priv->perf.metrics_idr);

	unregister_sysctl_table(dev_priv->perf.sysctl_header);

	memset(&dev_priv->perf.ops, 0, sizeof(dev_priv->perf.ops));

	dev_priv->perf.initialized = false;
}