123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233343536373839404142434445464748495051525354555657585960616263646566676869707172737475767778798081828384858687888990919293949596979899100101102103104105106107108109110111112113114115116117118119120121122123124125126127128129130131132133134135136137138139140141142143144145146147148149150151152153154155156157158159160161162163164165166167168169170171172173174175176177178179180181182183184185186187188189190191192193194195196197198199200201202203204205206207208209210211212213214215216217218219220221222223224225226227228229230231232233234235236237238239240241242243244245246247248249250251252253254255256257258259260261262263264265266267268269270271272273274275276277278279280281282283284285286287288289290291292293294295296297298299300301302303304305306307308309310311312313314315316317318319320321322323324325326327328329330331332333334335336337338339340341342343344345346347348349350351352353354355356357358359360361362363364365366367368369370371372373374375376377378379380381382383384385386387388389390391392393394395396397398399400401402403404405406407408409410411412413414415416417418419420421422423424425426427428429430431432433434435436437438439440441442443444445446447448449450451452453454455456457458459460461462463464465466467468469470471472473474475476477478479480481482483484485486487488489490491492493494495496497498499500501502503504505506507508509510511512513514515516517518519520521522523524525526527528/* Handle fileserver selection and rotation.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2017 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
 * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
 * 2 of the Licence, or (at your option) any later version.
 */

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
#include "internal.h"
#include "afs_fs.h"

/*
 * Initialise a filesystem server cursor for iterating over FS servers.
 */
static void afs_init_fs_cursor(struct afs_fs_cursor *fc, struct afs_vnode *vnode)
{
	memset(fc, 0, sizeof(*fc));
}

/*
 * Begin an operation on the fileserver.
 *
 * Fileserver operations are serialised on the server by vnode, so we serialise
 * them here also using the io_lock.
 */
bool afs_begin_vnode_operation(struct afs_fs_cursor *fc, struct afs_vnode *vnode,
			       struct key *key)
{
	afs_init_fs_cursor(fc, vnode);
	fc->vnode = vnode;
	fc->key = key;
	fc->ac.error = SHRT_MAX;

	if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&vnode->io_lock) < 0) {
		fc->ac.error = -EINTR;
		fc->flags |= AFS_FS_CURSOR_STOP;
		return false;
	}

	if (vnode->lock_state != AFS_VNODE_LOCK_NONE)
		fc->flags |= AFS_FS_CURSOR_CUR_ONLY;
	return true;
}

/*
 * Begin iteration through a server list, starting with the vnode's last used
 * server if possible, or the last recorded good server if not.
 */
static bool afs_start_fs_iteration(struct afs_fs_cursor *fc,
				   struct afs_vnode *vnode)
{
	struct afs_cb_interest *cbi;
	int i;

	read_lock(&vnode->volume->servers_lock);
	fc->server_list = afs_get_serverlist(vnode->volume->servers);
	read_unlock(&vnode->volume->servers_lock);

	cbi = vnode->cb_interest;
	if (cbi) {
		/* See if the vnode's preferred record is still available */
		for (i = 0; i < fc->server_list->nr_servers; i++) {
			if (fc->server_list->servers[i].cb_interest == cbi) {
				fc->start = i;
				goto found_interest;
			}
		}

		/* If we have a lock outstanding on a server that's no longer
		 * serving this vnode, then we can't switch to another server
		 * and have to return an error.
		 */
		if (fc->flags & AFS_FS_CURSOR_CUR_ONLY) {
			fc->ac.error = -ESTALE;
			return false;
		}

		/* Note that the callback promise is effectively broken */
		write_seqlock(&vnode->cb_lock);
		ASSERTCMP(cbi, ==, vnode->cb_interest);
		vnode->cb_interest = NULL;
		if (test_and_clear_bit(AFS_VNODE_CB_PROMISED, &vnode->flags))
			vnode->cb_break++;
		write_sequnlock(&vnode->cb_lock);

		afs_put_cb_interest(afs_v2net(vnode), cbi);
		cbi = NULL;
	} else {
		fc->start = READ_ONCE(fc->server_list->index);
	}

found_interest:
	fc->index = fc->start;
	return true;
}

/*
 * Post volume busy note.
 */
static void afs_busy(struct afs_volume *volume, u32 abort_code)
{
	const char *m;

	switch (abort_code) {
	case VOFFLINE:		m = "offline";		break;
	case VRESTARTING:	m = "restarting";	break;
	case VSALVAGING:	m = "being salvaged";	break;
	default:		m = "busy";		break;
	}

	pr_notice("kAFS: Volume %u '%s' is %s\n", volume->vid, volume->name, m);
}

/*
 * Sleep and retry the operation to the same fileserver.
 */
static bool afs_sleep_and_retry(struct afs_fs_cursor *fc)
{
	msleep_interruptible(1000);
	if (signal_pending(current)) {
		fc->ac.error = -ERESTARTSYS;
		return false;
	}

	return true;
}

/*
 * Select the fileserver to use.  May be called multiple times to rotate
 * through the fileservers.
 */
bool afs_select_fileserver(struct afs_fs_cursor *fc)
{
	struct afs_addr_list *alist;
	struct afs_server *server;
	struct afs_vnode *vnode = fc->vnode;

	_enter("%u/%u,%u/%u,%d,%d",
	       fc->index, fc->start,
	       fc->ac.index, fc->ac.start,
	       fc->ac.error, fc->ac.abort_code);

	if (fc->flags & AFS_FS_CURSOR_STOP) {
		_leave(" = f [stopped]");
		return false;
	}

	/* Evaluate the result of the previous operation, if there was one. */
	switch (fc->ac.error) {
	case SHRT_MAX:
		goto start;

	case 0:
	default:
		/* Success or local failure.  Stop. */
		fc->flags |= AFS_FS_CURSOR_STOP;
		_leave(" = f [okay/local %d]", fc->ac.error);
		return false;

	case -ECONNABORTED:
		/* The far side rejected the operation on some grounds.  This
		 * might involve the server being busy or the volume having been moved.
		 */
		switch (fc->ac.abort_code) {
		case VNOVOL:
			/* This fileserver doesn't know about the volume.
			 * - May indicate that the VL is wrong - retry once and compare
			 *   the results.
			 * - May indicate that the fileserver couldn't attach to the vol.
			 */
			if (fc->flags & AFS_FS_CURSOR_VNOVOL) {
				fc->ac.error = -EREMOTEIO;
				goto next_server;
			}

			write_lock(&vnode->volume->servers_lock);
			fc->server_list->vnovol_mask |= 1 << fc->index;
			write_unlock(&vnode->volume->servers_lock);

			set_bit(AFS_VOLUME_NEEDS_UPDATE, &vnode->volume->flags);
			fc->ac.error = afs_check_volume_status(vnode->volume, fc->key);
			if (fc->ac.error < 0)
				goto failed;

			if (test_bit(AFS_VOLUME_DELETED, &vnode->volume->flags)) {
				fc->ac.error = -ENOMEDIUM;
				goto failed;
			}

			/* If the server list didn't change, then assume that
			 * it's the fileserver having trouble.
			 */
			if (vnode->volume->servers == fc->server_list) {
				fc->ac.error = -EREMOTEIO;
				goto next_server;
			}

			/* Try again */
			fc->flags |= AFS_FS_CURSOR_VNOVOL;
			_leave(" = t [vnovol]");
			return true;

		case VSALVAGE: /* TODO: Should this return an error or iterate? */
		case VVOLEXISTS:
		case VNOSERVICE:
		case VONLINE:
		case VDISKFULL:
		case VOVERQUOTA:
			fc->ac.error = afs_abort_to_error(fc->ac.abort_code);
			goto next_server;

		case VOFFLINE:
			if (!test_and_set_bit(AFS_VOLUME_OFFLINE, &vnode->volume->flags)) {
				afs_busy(vnode->volume, fc->ac.abort_code);
				clear_bit(AFS_VOLUME_BUSY, &vnode->volume->flags);
			}
			if (fc->flags & AFS_FS_CURSOR_NO_VSLEEP) {
				fc->ac.error = -EADV;
				goto failed;
			}
			if (fc->flags & AFS_FS_CURSOR_CUR_ONLY) {
				fc->ac.error = -ESTALE;
				goto failed;
			}
			goto busy;

		case VSALVAGING:
		case VRESTARTING:
		case VBUSY:
			/* Retry after going round all the servers unless we
			 * have a file lock we need to maintain.
			 */
			if (fc->flags & AFS_FS_CURSOR_NO_VSLEEP) {
				fc->ac.error = -EBUSY;
				goto failed;
			}
			if (!test_and_set_bit(AFS_VOLUME_BUSY, &vnode->volume->flags)) {
				afs_busy(vnode->volume, fc->ac.abort_code);
				clear_bit(AFS_VOLUME_OFFLINE, &vnode->volume->flags);
			}
		busy:
			if (fc->flags & AFS_FS_CURSOR_CUR_ONLY) {
				if (!afs_sleep_and_retry(fc))
					goto failed;

				 /* Retry with same server & address */
				_leave(" = t [vbusy]");
				return true;
			}

			fc->flags |= AFS_FS_CURSOR_VBUSY;
			goto next_server;

		case VMOVED:
			/* The volume migrated to another server.  We consider
			 * consider all locks and callbacks broken and request
			 * an update from the VLDB.
			 *
			 * We also limit the number of VMOVED hops we will
			 * honour, just in case someone sets up a loop.
			 */
			if (fc->flags & AFS_FS_CURSOR_VMOVED) {
				fc->ac.error = -EREMOTEIO;
				goto failed;
			}
			fc->flags |= AFS_FS_CURSOR_VMOVED;

			set_bit(AFS_VOLUME_WAIT, &vnode->volume->flags);
			set_bit(AFS_VOLUME_NEEDS_UPDATE, &vnode->volume->flags);
			fc->ac.error = afs_check_volume_status(vnode->volume, fc->key);
			if (fc->ac.error < 0)
				goto failed;

			/* If the server list didn't change, then the VLDB is
			 * out of sync with the fileservers.  This is hopefully
			 * a temporary condition, however, so we don't want to
			 * permanently block access to the file.
			 *
			 * TODO: Try other fileservers if we can.
			 *
			 * TODO: Retry a few times with sleeps.
			 */
			if (vnode->volume->servers == fc->server_list) {
				fc->ac.error = -ENOMEDIUM;
				goto failed;
			}

			goto restart_from_beginning;

		default:
			clear_bit(AFS_VOLUME_OFFLINE, &vnode->volume->flags);
			clear_bit(AFS_VOLUME_BUSY, &vnode->volume->flags);
			fc->ac.error = afs_abort_to_error(fc->ac.abort_code);
			goto failed;
		}

	case -ENETUNREACH:
	case -EHOSTUNREACH:
	case -ECONNREFUSED:
	case -ETIMEDOUT:
	case -ETIME:
		_debug("no conn");
		goto iterate_address;

	case -ECONNRESET:
		_debug("call reset");
		goto failed;
	}

restart_from_beginning:
	_debug("restart");
	afs_end_cursor(&fc->ac);
	afs_put_cb_interest(afs_v2net(vnode), fc->cbi);
	fc->cbi = NULL;
	afs_put_serverlist(afs_v2net(vnode), fc->server_list);
	fc->server_list = NULL;
start:
	_debug("start");
	/* See if we need to do an update of the volume record.  Note that the
	 * volume may have moved or even have been deleted.
	 */
	fc->ac.error = afs_check_volume_status(vnode->volume, fc->key);
	if (fc->ac.error < 0)
		goto failed;

	if (!afs_start_fs_iteration(fc, vnode))
		goto failed;

use_server:
	_debug("use");
	/* We're starting on a different fileserver from the list.  We need to
	 * check it, create a callback intercept, find its address list and
	 * probe its capabilities before we use it.
	 */
	ASSERTCMP(fc->ac.alist, ==, NULL);
	server = fc->server_list->servers[fc->index].server;

	if (!afs_check_server_record(fc, server))
		goto failed;

	_debug("USING SERVER: %pU", &server->uuid);

	/* Make sure we've got a callback interest record for this server.  We
	 * have to link it in before we send the request as we can be sent a
	 * break request before we've finished decoding the reply and
	 * installing the vnode.
	 */
	fc->ac.error = afs_register_server_cb_interest(vnode, fc->server_list,
						       fc->index);
	if (fc->ac.error < 0)
		goto failed;

	fc->cbi = afs_get_cb_interest(vnode->cb_interest);

	read_lock(&server->fs_lock);
	alist = rcu_dereference_protected(server->addresses,
					  lockdep_is_held(&server->fs_lock));
	afs_get_addrlist(alist);
	read_unlock(&server->fs_lock);

	memset(&fc->ac, 0, sizeof(fc->ac));

	/* Probe the current fileserver if we haven't done so yet. */
	if (!test_bit(AFS_SERVER_FL_PROBED, &server->flags)) {
		fc->ac.alist = afs_get_addrlist(alist);

		if (!afs_probe_fileserver(fc)) {
			switch (fc->ac.error) {
			case -ENOMEM:
			case -ERESTARTSYS:
			case -EINTR:
				goto failed;
			default:
				goto next_server;
			}
		}
	}

	if (!fc->ac.alist)
		fc->ac.alist = alist;
	else
		afs_put_addrlist(alist);

	fc->ac.start = READ_ONCE(alist->index);
	fc->ac.index = fc->ac.start;

iterate_address:
	ASSERT(fc->ac.alist);
	_debug("iterate %d/%d", fc->ac.index, fc->ac.alist->nr_addrs);
	/* Iterate over the current server's address list to try and find an
	 * address on which it will respond to us.
	 */
	if (!afs_iterate_addresses(&fc->ac))
		goto next_server;

	_leave(" = t");
	return true;

next_server:
	_debug("next");
	afs_end_cursor(&fc->ac);
	afs_put_cb_interest(afs_v2net(vnode), fc->cbi);
	fc->cbi = NULL;
	fc->index++;
	if (fc->index >= fc->server_list->nr_servers)
		fc->index = 0;
	if (fc->index != fc->start)
		goto use_server;

	/* That's all the servers poked to no good effect.  Try again if some
	 * of them were busy.
	 */
	if (fc->flags & AFS_FS_CURSOR_VBUSY)
		goto restart_from_beginning;

	fc->ac.error = -EDESTADDRREQ;
	goto failed;

failed:
	fc->flags |= AFS_FS_CURSOR_STOP;
	afs_end_cursor(&fc->ac);
	_leave(" = f [failed %d]", fc->ac.error);
	return false;
}

/*
 * Select the same fileserver we used for a vnode before and only that
 * fileserver.  We use this when we have a lock on that file, which is backed
 * only by the fileserver we obtained it from.
 */
bool afs_select_current_fileserver(struct afs_fs_cursor *fc)
{
	struct afs_vnode *vnode = fc->vnode;
	struct afs_cb_interest *cbi = vnode->cb_interest;
	struct afs_addr_list *alist;

	_enter("");

	switch (fc->ac.error) {
	case SHRT_MAX:
		if (!cbi) {
			fc->ac.error = -ESTALE;
			fc->flags |= AFS_FS_CURSOR_STOP;
			return false;
		}

		fc->cbi = afs_get_cb_interest(vnode->cb_interest);

		read_lock(&cbi->server->fs_lock);
		alist = rcu_dereference_protected(cbi->server->addresses,
						  lockdep_is_held(&cbi->server->fs_lock));
		afs_get_addrlist(alist);
		read_unlock(&cbi->server->fs_lock);
		if (!alist) {
			fc->ac.error = -ESTALE;
			fc->flags |= AFS_FS_CURSOR_STOP;
			return false;
		}

		memset(&fc->ac, 0, sizeof(fc->ac));
		fc->ac.alist = alist;
		fc->ac.start = READ_ONCE(alist->index);
		fc->ac.index = fc->ac.start;
		goto iterate_address;

	case 0:
	default:
		/* Success or local failure.  Stop. */
		fc->flags |= AFS_FS_CURSOR_STOP;
		_leave(" = f [okay/local %d]", fc->ac.error);
		return false;

	case -ECONNABORTED:
		fc->flags |= AFS_FS_CURSOR_STOP;
		_leave(" = f [abort]");
		return false;

	case -ENETUNREACH:
	case -EHOSTUNREACH:
	case -ECONNREFUSED:
	case -ETIMEDOUT:
	case -ETIME:
		_debug("no conn");
		goto iterate_address;
	}

iterate_address:
	/* Iterate over the current server's address list to try and find an
	 * address on which it will respond to us.
	 */
	if (afs_iterate_addresses(&fc->ac)) {
		_leave(" = t");
		return true;
	}

	afs_end_cursor(&fc->ac);
	return false;
}

/*
 * Tidy up a filesystem cursor and unlock the vnode.
 */
int afs_end_vnode_operation(struct afs_fs_cursor *fc)
{
	struct afs_net *net = afs_v2net(fc->vnode);
	int ret;

	mutex_unlock(&fc->vnode->io_lock);

	afs_end_cursor(&fc->ac);
	afs_put_cb_interest(net, fc->cbi);
	afs_put_serverlist(net, fc->server_list);

	ret = fc->ac.error;
	if (ret == -ECONNABORTED)
		afs_abort_to_error(fc->ac.abort_code);

	return fc->ac.error;
}