// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
/*
 *  Driver for Xceive XC4000 "QAM/8VSB single chip tuner"
 *
 *  Copyright (c) 2007 Xceive Corporation
 *  Copyright (c) 2007 Steven Toth <stoth@linuxtv.org>
 *  Copyright (c) 2009 Devin Heitmueller <dheitmueller@kernellabs.com>
 *  Copyright (c) 2009 Davide Ferri <d.ferri@zero11.it>
 *  Copyright (c) 2010 Istvan Varga <istvan_v@mailbox.hu>
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/videodev2.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/dvb/frontend.h>
#include <linux/i2c.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <asm/unaligned.h>

#include <media/dvb_frontend.h>

#include "xc4000.h"
#include "tuner-i2c.h"
#include "tuner-xc2028-types.h"

static int debug;
module_param(debug, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(debug, "Debugging level (0 to 2, default: 0 (off)).");

static int no_poweroff;
module_param(no_poweroff, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(no_poweroff, "Power management (1: disabled, 2: enabled, 0 (default): use device-specific default mode).");

static int audio_std;
module_param(audio_std, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(audio_std, "Audio standard. XC4000 audio decoder explicitly needs to know what audio standard is needed for some video standards with audio A2 or NICAM. The valid settings are a sum of:\n"
	" 1: use NICAM/B or A2/B instead of NICAM/A or A2/A\n"
	" 2: use A2 instead of NICAM or BTSC\n"
	" 4: use SECAM/K3 instead of K1\n"
	" 8: use PAL-D/K audio for SECAM-D/K\n"
	"16: use FM radio input 1 instead of input 2\n"
	"32: use mono audio (the lower three bits are ignored)");

static char firmware_name[30];
module_param_string(firmware_name, firmware_name, sizeof(firmware_name), 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(firmware_name, "Firmware file name. Allows overriding the default firmware name.");

static DEFINE_MUTEX(xc4000_list_mutex);
static LIST_HEAD(hybrid_tuner_instance_list);

#define dprintk(level, fmt, arg...) if (debug >= level) \
	printk(KERN_INFO "%s: " fmt, "xc4000", ## arg)

/* struct for storing firmware table */
struct firmware_description {
	unsigned int  type;
	v4l2_std_id   id;
	__u16         int_freq;
	unsigned char *ptr;
	unsigned int  size;
};

struct firmware_properties {
	unsigned int	type;
	v4l2_std_id	id;
	v4l2_std_id	std_req;
	__u16		int_freq;
	unsigned int	scode_table;
	int		scode_nr;
};

struct xc4000_priv {
	struct tuner_i2c_props i2c_props;
	struct list_head hybrid_tuner_instance_list;
	struct firmware_description *firm;
	int	firm_size;
	u32	if_khz;
	u32	freq_hz, freq_offset;
	u32	bandwidth;
	u8	video_standard;
	u8	rf_mode;
	u8	default_pm;
	u8	dvb_amplitude;
	u8	set_smoothedcvbs;
	u8	ignore_i2c_write_errors;
	__u16	firm_version;
	struct firmware_properties cur_fw;
	__u16	hwmodel;
	__u16	hwvers;
	struct mutex	lock;
};

#define XC4000_AUDIO_STD_B		 1
#define XC4000_AUDIO_STD_A2		 2
#define XC4000_AUDIO_STD_K3		 4
#define XC4000_AUDIO_STD_L		 8
#define XC4000_AUDIO_STD_INPUT1		16
#define XC4000_AUDIO_STD_MONO		32

#define XC4000_DEFAULT_FIRMWARE "dvb-fe-xc4000-1.4.fw"
#define XC4000_DEFAULT_FIRMWARE_NEW "dvb-fe-xc4000-1.4.1.fw"

/* Misc Defines */
#define MAX_TV_STANDARD			24
#define XC_MAX_I2C_WRITE_LENGTH		64
#define XC_POWERED_DOWN			0x80000000U

/* Signal Types */
#define XC_RF_MODE_AIR			0
#define XC_RF_MODE_CABLE		1

/* Product id */
#define XC_PRODUCT_ID_FW_NOT_LOADED	0x2000
#define XC_PRODUCT_ID_XC4000		0x0FA0
#define XC_PRODUCT_ID_XC4100		0x1004

/* Registers (Write-only) */
#define XREG_INIT         0x00
#define XREG_VIDEO_MODE   0x01
#define XREG_AUDIO_MODE   0x02
#define XREG_RF_FREQ      0x03
#define XREG_D_CODE       0x04
#define XREG_DIRECTSITTING_MODE 0x05
#define XREG_SEEK_MODE    0x06
#define XREG_POWER_DOWN   0x08
#define XREG_SIGNALSOURCE 0x0A
#define XREG_SMOOTHEDCVBS 0x0E
#define XREG_AMPLITUDE    0x10

/* Registers (Read-only) */
#define XREG_ADC_ENV      0x00
#define XREG_QUALITY      0x01
#define XREG_FRAME_LINES  0x02
#define XREG_HSYNC_FREQ   0x03
#define XREG_LOCK         0x04
#define XREG_FREQ_ERROR   0x05
#define XREG_SNR          0x06
#define XREG_VERSION      0x07
#define XREG_PRODUCT_ID   0x08
#define XREG_SIGNAL_LEVEL 0x0A
#define XREG_NOISE_LEVEL  0x0B

/*
   Basic firmware description. This will remain with
   the driver for documentation purposes.

   This represents an I2C firmware file encoded as a
   string of unsigned char. Format is as follows:

   char[0  ]=len0_MSB  -> len = len_MSB * 256 + len_LSB
   char[1  ]=len0_LSB  -> length of first write transaction
   char[2  ]=data0 -> first byte to be sent
   char[3  ]=data1
   char[4  ]=data2
   char[   ]=...
   char[M  ]=dataN  -> last byte to be sent
   char[M+1]=len1_MSB  -> len = len_MSB * 256 + len_LSB
   char[M+2]=len1_LSB  -> length of second write transaction
   char[M+3]=data0
   char[M+4]=data1
   ...
   etc.

   The [len] value should be interpreted as follows:

   len= len_MSB _ len_LSB
   len=1111_1111_1111_1111   : End of I2C_SEQUENCE
   len=0000_0000_0000_0000   : Reset command: Do hardware reset
   len=0NNN_NNNN_NNNN_NNNN   : Normal transaction: number of bytes = {1:32767)
   len=1WWW_WWWW_WWWW_WWWW   : Wait command: wait for {1:32767} ms

   For the RESET and WAIT commands, the two following bytes will contain
   immediately the length of the following transaction.
*/

struct XC_TV_STANDARD {
	const char  *Name;
	u16	    audio_mode;
	u16	    video_mode;
	u16	    int_freq;
};

/* Tuner standards */
#define XC4000_MN_NTSC_PAL_BTSC		0
#define XC4000_MN_NTSC_PAL_A2		1
#define XC4000_MN_NTSC_PAL_EIAJ		2
#define XC4000_MN_NTSC_PAL_Mono		3
#define XC4000_BG_PAL_A2		4
#define XC4000_BG_PAL_NICAM		5
#define XC4000_BG_PAL_MONO		6
#define XC4000_I_PAL_NICAM		7
#define XC4000_I_PAL_NICAM_MONO		8
#define XC4000_DK_PAL_A2		9
#define XC4000_DK_PAL_NICAM		10
#define XC4000_DK_PAL_MONO		11
#define XC4000_DK_SECAM_A2DK1		12
#define XC4000_DK_SECAM_A2LDK3		13
#define XC4000_DK_SECAM_A2MONO		14
#define XC4000_DK_SECAM_NICAM		15
#define XC4000_L_SECAM_NICAM		16
#define XC4000_LC_SECAM_NICAM		17
#define XC4000_DTV6			18
#define XC4000_DTV8			19
#define XC4000_DTV7_8			20
#define XC4000_DTV7			21
#define XC4000_FM_Radio_INPUT2		22
#define XC4000_FM_Radio_INPUT1		23

static struct XC_TV_STANDARD xc4000_standard[MAX_TV_STANDARD] = {
	{"M/N-NTSC/PAL-BTSC",	0x0000, 0x80A0, 4500},
	{"M/N-NTSC/PAL-A2",	0x0000, 0x80A0, 4600},
	{"M/N-NTSC/PAL-EIAJ",	0x0040, 0x80A0, 4500},
	{"M/N-NTSC/PAL-Mono",	0x0078, 0x80A0, 4500},
	{"B/G-PAL-A2",		0x0000, 0x8159, 5640},
	{"B/G-PAL-NICAM",	0x0004, 0x8159, 5740},
	{"B/G-PAL-MONO",	0x0078, 0x8159, 5500},
	{"I-PAL-NICAM",		0x0080, 0x8049, 6240},
	{"I-PAL-NICAM-MONO",	0x0078, 0x8049, 6000},
	{"D/K-PAL-A2",		0x0000, 0x8049, 6380},
	{"D/K-PAL-NICAM",	0x0080, 0x8049, 6200},
	{"D/K-PAL-MONO",	0x0078, 0x8049, 6500},
	{"D/K-SECAM-A2 DK1",	0x0000, 0x8049, 6340},
	{"D/K-SECAM-A2 L/DK3",	0x0000, 0x8049, 6000},
	{"D/K-SECAM-A2 MONO",	0x0078, 0x8049, 6500},
	{"D/K-SECAM-NICAM",	0x0080, 0x8049, 6200},
	{"L-SECAM-NICAM",	0x8080, 0x0009, 6200},
	{"L'-SECAM-NICAM",	0x8080, 0x4009, 6200},
	{"DTV6",		0x00C0, 0x8002,    0},
	{"DTV8",		0x00C0, 0x800B,    0},
	{"DTV7/8",		0x00C0, 0x801B,    0},
	{"DTV7",		0x00C0, 0x8007,    0},
	{"FM Radio-INPUT2",	0x0008, 0x9800, 10700},
	{"FM Radio-INPUT1",	0x0008, 0x9000, 10700}
};

static int xc4000_readreg(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 reg, u16 *val);
static int xc4000_tuner_reset(struct dvb_frontend *fe);
static void xc_debug_dump(struct xc4000_priv *priv);

static int xc_send_i2c_data(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u8 *buf, int len)
{
	struct i2c_msg msg = { .addr = priv->i2c_props.addr,
			       .flags = 0, .buf = buf, .len = len };
	if (i2c_transfer(priv->i2c_props.adap, &msg, 1) != 1) {
		if (priv->ignore_i2c_write_errors == 0) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: I2C write failed (len=%i)\n",
			       len);
			if (len == 4) {
				printk(KERN_ERR "bytes %*ph\n", 4, buf);
			}
			return -EREMOTEIO;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

static int xc4000_tuner_reset(struct dvb_frontend *fe)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	int ret;

	dprintk(1, "%s()\n", __func__);

	if (fe->callback) {
		ret = fe->callback(((fe->dvb) && (fe->dvb->priv)) ?
					   fe->dvb->priv :
					   priv->i2c_props.adap->algo_data,
					   DVB_FRONTEND_COMPONENT_TUNER,
					   XC4000_TUNER_RESET, 0);
		if (ret) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: reset failed\n");
			return -EREMOTEIO;
		}
	} else {
		printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: no tuner reset callback function, fatal\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int xc_write_reg(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 regAddr, u16 i2cData)
{
	u8 buf[4];
	int result;

	buf[0] = (regAddr >> 8) & 0xFF;
	buf[1] = regAddr & 0xFF;
	buf[2] = (i2cData >> 8) & 0xFF;
	buf[3] = i2cData & 0xFF;
	result = xc_send_i2c_data(priv, buf, 4);

	return result;
}

static int xc_load_i2c_sequence(struct dvb_frontend *fe, const u8 *i2c_sequence)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;

	int i, nbytes_to_send, result;
	unsigned int len, pos, index;
	u8 buf[XC_MAX_I2C_WRITE_LENGTH];

	index = 0;
	while ((i2c_sequence[index] != 0xFF) ||
		(i2c_sequence[index + 1] != 0xFF)) {
		len = i2c_sequence[index] * 256 + i2c_sequence[index+1];
		if (len == 0x0000) {
			/* RESET command */
			/* NOTE: this is ignored, as the reset callback was */
			/* already called by check_firmware() */
			index += 2;
		} else if (len & 0x8000) {
			/* WAIT command */
			msleep(len & 0x7FFF);
			index += 2;
		} else {
			/* Send i2c data whilst ensuring individual transactions
			 * do not exceed XC_MAX_I2C_WRITE_LENGTH bytes.
			 */
			index += 2;
			buf[0] = i2c_sequence[index];
			buf[1] = i2c_sequence[index + 1];
			pos = 2;
			while (pos < len) {
				if ((len - pos) > XC_MAX_I2C_WRITE_LENGTH - 2)
					nbytes_to_send =
						XC_MAX_I2C_WRITE_LENGTH;
				else
					nbytes_to_send = (len - pos + 2);
				for (i = 2; i < nbytes_to_send; i++) {
					buf[i] = i2c_sequence[index + pos +
						i - 2];
				}
				result = xc_send_i2c_data(priv, buf,
					nbytes_to_send);

				if (result != 0)
					return result;

				pos += nbytes_to_send - 2;
			}
			index += len;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

static int xc_set_tv_standard(struct xc4000_priv *priv,
	u16 video_mode, u16 audio_mode)
{
	int ret;
	dprintk(1, "%s(0x%04x,0x%04x)\n", __func__, video_mode, audio_mode);
	dprintk(1, "%s() Standard = %s\n",
		__func__,
		xc4000_standard[priv->video_standard].Name);

	/* Don't complain when the request fails because of i2c stretching */
	priv->ignore_i2c_write_errors = 1;

	ret = xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_VIDEO_MODE, video_mode);
	if (ret == 0)
		ret = xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_AUDIO_MODE, audio_mode);

	priv->ignore_i2c_write_errors = 0;

	return ret;
}

static int xc_set_signal_source(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 rf_mode)
{
	dprintk(1, "%s(%d) Source = %s\n", __func__, rf_mode,
		rf_mode == XC_RF_MODE_AIR ? "ANTENNA" : "CABLE");

	if ((rf_mode != XC_RF_MODE_AIR) && (rf_mode != XC_RF_MODE_CABLE)) {
		rf_mode = XC_RF_MODE_CABLE;
		printk(KERN_ERR
			"%s(), Invalid mode, defaulting to CABLE",
			__func__);
	}
	return xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_SIGNALSOURCE, rf_mode);
}

static const struct dvb_tuner_ops xc4000_tuner_ops;

static int xc_set_rf_frequency(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u32 freq_hz)
{
	u16 freq_code;

	dprintk(1, "%s(%u)\n", __func__, freq_hz);

	if ((freq_hz > xc4000_tuner_ops.info.frequency_max_hz) ||
	    (freq_hz < xc4000_tuner_ops.info.frequency_min_hz))
		return -EINVAL;

	freq_code = (u16)(freq_hz / 15625);

	/* WAS: Starting in firmware version 1.1.44, Xceive recommends using the
	   FINERFREQ for all normal tuning (the doc indicates reg 0x03 should
	   only be used for fast scanning for channel lock) */
	/* WAS: XREG_FINERFREQ */
	return xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_RF_FREQ, freq_code);
}

static int xc_get_adc_envelope(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 *adc_envelope)
{
	return xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_ADC_ENV, adc_envelope);
}

static int xc_get_frequency_error(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u32 *freq_error_hz)
{
	int result;
	u16 regData;
	u32 tmp;

	result = xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_FREQ_ERROR, &regData);
	if (result != 0)
		return result;

	tmp = (u32)regData & 0xFFFFU;
	tmp = (tmp < 0x8000U ? tmp : 0x10000U - tmp);
	(*freq_error_hz) = tmp * 15625;
	return result;
}

static int xc_get_lock_status(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 *lock_status)
{
	return xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_LOCK, lock_status);
}

static int xc_get_version(struct xc4000_priv *priv,
	u8 *hw_majorversion, u8 *hw_minorversion,
	u8 *fw_majorversion, u8 *fw_minorversion)
{
	u16 data;
	int result;

	result = xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_VERSION, &data);
	if (result != 0)
		return result;

	(*hw_majorversion) = (data >> 12) & 0x0F;
	(*hw_minorversion) = (data >>  8) & 0x0F;
	(*fw_majorversion) = (data >>  4) & 0x0F;
	(*fw_minorversion) = data & 0x0F;

	return 0;
}

static int xc_get_hsync_freq(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u32 *hsync_freq_hz)
{
	u16 regData;
	int result;

	result = xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_HSYNC_FREQ, &regData);
	if (result != 0)
		return result;

	(*hsync_freq_hz) = ((regData & 0x0fff) * 763)/100;
	return result;
}

static int xc_get_frame_lines(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 *frame_lines)
{
	return xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_FRAME_LINES, frame_lines);
}

static int xc_get_quality(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 *quality)
{
	return xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_QUALITY, quality);
}

static int xc_get_signal_level(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 *signal)
{
	return xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_SIGNAL_LEVEL, signal);
}

static int xc_get_noise_level(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 *noise)
{
	return xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_NOISE_LEVEL, noise);
}

static u16 xc_wait_for_lock(struct xc4000_priv *priv)
{
	u16	lock_state = 0;
	int	watchdog_count = 40;

	while ((lock_state == 0) && (watchdog_count > 0)) {
		xc_get_lock_status(priv, &lock_state);
		if (lock_state != 1) {
			msleep(5);
			watchdog_count--;
		}
	}
	return lock_state;
}

static int xc_tune_channel(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u32 freq_hz)
{
	int	found = 1;
	int	result;

	dprintk(1, "%s(%u)\n", __func__, freq_hz);

	/* Don't complain when the request fails because of i2c stretching */
	priv->ignore_i2c_write_errors = 1;
	result = xc_set_rf_frequency(priv, freq_hz);
	priv->ignore_i2c_write_errors = 0;

	if (result != 0)
		return 0;

	/* wait for lock only in analog TV mode */
	if ((priv->cur_fw.type & (FM | DTV6 | DTV7 | DTV78 | DTV8)) == 0) {
		if (xc_wait_for_lock(priv) != 1)
			found = 0;
	}

	/* Wait for stats to stabilize.
	 * Frame Lines needs two frame times after initial lock
	 * before it is valid.
	 */
	msleep(debug ? 100 : 10);

	if (debug)
		xc_debug_dump(priv);

	return found;
}

static int xc4000_readreg(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 reg, u16 *val)
{
	u8 buf[2] = { reg >> 8, reg & 0xff };
	u8 bval[2] = { 0, 0 };
	struct i2c_msg msg[2] = {
		{ .addr = priv->i2c_props.addr,
			.flags = 0, .buf = &buf[0], .len = 2 },
		{ .addr = priv->i2c_props.addr,
			.flags = I2C_M_RD, .buf = &bval[0], .len = 2 },
	};

	if (i2c_transfer(priv->i2c_props.adap, msg, 2) != 2) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: I2C read failed\n");
		return -EREMOTEIO;
	}

	*val = (bval[0] << 8) | bval[1];
	return 0;
}

#define dump_firm_type(t)	dump_firm_type_and_int_freq(t, 0)
static void dump_firm_type_and_int_freq(unsigned int type, u16 int_freq)
{
	if (type & BASE)
		printk(KERN_CONT "BASE ");
	if (type & INIT1)
		printk(KERN_CONT "INIT1 ");
	if (type & F8MHZ)
		printk(KERN_CONT "F8MHZ ");
	if (type & MTS)
		printk(KERN_CONT "MTS ");
	if (type & D2620)
		printk(KERN_CONT "D2620 ");
	if (type & D2633)
		printk(KERN_CONT "D2633 ");
	if (type & DTV6)
		printk(KERN_CONT "DTV6 ");
	if (type & QAM)
		printk(KERN_CONT "QAM ");
	if (type & DTV7)
		printk(KERN_CONT "DTV7 ");
	if (type & DTV78)
		printk(KERN_CONT "DTV78 ");
	if (type & DTV8)
		printk(KERN_CONT "DTV8 ");
	if (type & FM)
		printk(KERN_CONT "FM ");
	if (type & INPUT1)
		printk(KERN_CONT "INPUT1 ");
	if (type & LCD)
		printk(KERN_CONT "LCD ");
	if (type & NOGD)
		printk(KERN_CONT "NOGD ");
	if (type & MONO)
		printk(KERN_CONT "MONO ");
	if (type & ATSC)
		printk(KERN_CONT "ATSC ");
	if (type & IF)
		printk(KERN_CONT "IF ");
	if (type & LG60)
		printk(KERN_CONT "LG60 ");
	if (type & ATI638)
		printk(KERN_CONT "ATI638 ");
	if (type & OREN538)
		printk(KERN_CONT "OREN538 ");
	if (type & OREN36)
		printk(KERN_CONT "OREN36 ");
	if (type & TOYOTA388)
		printk(KERN_CONT "TOYOTA388 ");
	if (type & TOYOTA794)
		printk(KERN_CONT "TOYOTA794 ");
	if (type & DIBCOM52)
		printk(KERN_CONT "DIBCOM52 ");
	if (type & ZARLINK456)
		printk(KERN_CONT "ZARLINK456 ");
	if (type & CHINA)
		printk(KERN_CONT "CHINA ");
	if (type & F6MHZ)
		printk(KERN_CONT "F6MHZ ");
	if (type & INPUT2)
		printk(KERN_CONT "INPUT2 ");
	if (type & SCODE)
		printk(KERN_CONT "SCODE ");
	if (type & HAS_IF)
		printk(KERN_CONT "HAS_IF_%d ", int_freq);
}

static int seek_firmware(struct dvb_frontend *fe, unsigned int type,
			 v4l2_std_id *id)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	int		i, best_i = -1;
	unsigned int	best_nr_diffs = 255U;

	if (!priv->firm) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Error! firmware not loaded\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (((type & ~SCODE) == 0) && (*id == 0))
		*id = V4L2_STD_PAL;

	/* Seek for generic video standard match */
	for (i = 0; i < priv->firm_size; i++) {
		v4l2_std_id	id_diff_mask =
			(priv->firm[i].id ^ (*id)) & (*id);
		unsigned int	type_diff_mask =
			(priv->firm[i].type ^ type)
			& (BASE_TYPES | DTV_TYPES | LCD | NOGD | MONO | SCODE);
		unsigned int	nr_diffs;

		if (type_diff_mask
		    & (BASE | INIT1 | FM | DTV6 | DTV7 | DTV78 | DTV8 | SCODE))
			continue;

		nr_diffs = hweight64(id_diff_mask) + hweight32(type_diff_mask);
		if (!nr_diffs)	/* Supports all the requested standards */
			goto found;

		if (nr_diffs < best_nr_diffs) {
			best_nr_diffs = nr_diffs;
			best_i = i;
		}
	}

	/* FIXME: Would make sense to seek for type "hint" match ? */
	if (best_i < 0) {
		i = -ENOENT;
		goto ret;
	}

	if (best_nr_diffs > 0U) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING
		       "Selecting best matching firmware (%u bits differ) for type=(%x), id %016llx:\n",
		       best_nr_diffs, type, (unsigned long long)*id);
		i = best_i;
	}

found:
	*id = priv->firm[i].id;

ret:
	if (debug) {
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s firmware for type=",
		       (i < 0) ? "Can't find" : "Found");
		dump_firm_type(type);
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "(%x), id %016llx.\n", type, (unsigned long long)*id);
	}
	return i;
}

static int load_firmware(struct dvb_frontend *fe, unsigned int type,
			 v4l2_std_id *id)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	int                pos, rc;
	unsigned char      *p;

	pos = seek_firmware(fe, type, id);
	if (pos < 0)
		return pos;

	p = priv->firm[pos].ptr;

	/* Don't complain when the request fails because of i2c stretching */
	priv->ignore_i2c_write_errors = 1;

	rc = xc_load_i2c_sequence(fe, p);

	priv->ignore_i2c_write_errors = 0;

	return rc;
}

static int xc4000_fwupload(struct dvb_frontend *fe)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	const struct firmware *fw   = NULL;
	const unsigned char   *p, *endp;
	int                   rc = 0;
	int		      n, n_array;
	char		      name[33];
	const char	      *fname;

	if (firmware_name[0] != '\0') {
		fname = firmware_name;

		dprintk(1, "Reading custom firmware %s\n", fname);
		rc = request_firmware(&fw, fname,
				      priv->i2c_props.adap->dev.parent);
	} else {
		fname = XC4000_DEFAULT_FIRMWARE_NEW;
		dprintk(1, "Trying to read firmware %s\n", fname);
		rc = request_firmware(&fw, fname,
				      priv->i2c_props.adap->dev.parent);
		if (rc == -ENOENT) {
			fname = XC4000_DEFAULT_FIRMWARE;
			dprintk(1, "Trying to read firmware %s\n", fname);
			rc = request_firmware(&fw, fname,
					      priv->i2c_props.adap->dev.parent);
		}
	}

	if (rc < 0) {
		if (rc == -ENOENT)
			printk(KERN_ERR "Error: firmware %s not found.\n", fname);
		else
			printk(KERN_ERR "Error %d while requesting firmware %s\n",
			       rc, fname);

		return rc;
	}
	dprintk(1, "Loading Firmware: %s\n", fname);

	p = fw->data;
	endp = p + fw->size;

	if (fw->size < sizeof(name) - 1 + 2 + 2) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Error: firmware file %s has invalid size!\n",
		       fname);
		goto corrupt;
	}

	memcpy(name, p, sizeof(name) - 1);
	name[sizeof(name) - 1] = '\0';
	p += sizeof(name) - 1;

	priv->firm_version = get_unaligned_le16(p);
	p += 2;

	n_array = get_unaligned_le16(p);
	p += 2;

	dprintk(1, "Loading %d firmware images from %s, type: %s, ver %d.%d\n",
		n_array, fname, name,
		priv->firm_version >> 8, priv->firm_version & 0xff);

	priv->firm = kcalloc(n_array, sizeof(*priv->firm), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (priv->firm == NULL) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Not enough memory to load firmware file.\n");
		rc = -ENOMEM;
		goto done;
	}
	priv->firm_size = n_array;

	n = -1;
	while (p < endp) {
		__u32 type, size;
		v4l2_std_id id;
		__u16 int_freq = 0;

		n++;
		if (n >= n_array) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "More firmware images in file than were expected!\n");
			goto corrupt;
		}

		/* Checks if there's enough bytes to read */
		if (endp - p < sizeof(type) + sizeof(id) + sizeof(size))
			goto header;

		type = get_unaligned_le32(p);
		p += sizeof(type);

		id = get_unaligned_le64(p);
		p += sizeof(id);

		if (type & HAS_IF) {
			int_freq = get_unaligned_le16(p);
			p += sizeof(int_freq);
			if (endp - p < sizeof(size))
				goto header;
		}

		size = get_unaligned_le32(p);
		p += sizeof(size);

		if (!size || size > endp - p) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "Firmware type (%x), id %llx is corrupted (size=%zd, expected %d)\n",
			       type, (unsigned long long)id,
			       endp - p, size);
			goto corrupt;
		}

		priv->firm[n].ptr = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (priv->firm[n].ptr == NULL) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "Not enough memory to load firmware file.\n");
			rc = -ENOMEM;
			goto done;
		}

		if (debug) {
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "Reading firmware type ");
			dump_firm_type_and_int_freq(type, int_freq);
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "(%x), id %llx, size=%d.\n",
			       type, (unsigned long long)id, size);
		}

		memcpy(priv->firm[n].ptr, p, size);
		priv->firm[n].type = type;
		priv->firm[n].id   = id;
		priv->firm[n].size = size;
		priv->firm[n].int_freq = int_freq;

		p += size;
	}

	if (n + 1 != priv->firm_size) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Firmware file is incomplete!\n");
		goto corrupt;
	}

	goto done;

header:
	printk(KERN_ERR "Firmware header is incomplete!\n");
corrupt:
	rc = -EINVAL;
	printk(KERN_ERR "Error: firmware file is corrupted!\n");

done:
	release_firmware(fw);
	if (rc == 0)
		dprintk(1, "Firmware files loaded.\n");

	return rc;
}

static int load_scode(struct dvb_frontend *fe, unsigned int type,
			 v4l2_std_id *id, __u16 int_freq, int scode)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	int		pos, rc;
	unsigned char	*p;
	u8		scode_buf[13];
	u8		indirect_mode[5];

	dprintk(1, "%s called int_freq=%d\n", __func__, int_freq);

	if (!int_freq) {
		pos = seek_firmware(fe, type, id);
		if (pos < 0)
			return pos;
	} else {
		for (pos = 0; pos < priv->firm_size; pos++) {
			if ((priv->firm[pos].int_freq == int_freq) &&
			    (priv->firm[pos].type & HAS_IF))
				break;
		}
		if (pos == priv->firm_size)
			return -ENOENT;
	}

	p = priv->firm[pos].ptr;

	if (priv->firm[pos].size != 12 * 16 || scode >= 16)
		return -EINVAL;
	p += 12 * scode;

	if (debug) {
		tuner_info("Loading SCODE for type=");
		dump_firm_type_and_int_freq(priv->firm[pos].type,
					    priv->firm[pos].int_freq);
		printk(KERN_CONT "(%x), id %016llx.\n", priv->firm[pos].type,
		       (unsigned long long)*id);
	}

	scode_buf[0] = 0x00;
	memcpy(&scode_buf[1], p, 12);

	/* Enter direct-mode */
	rc = xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_DIRECTSITTING_MODE, 0);
	if (rc < 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "failed to put device into direct mode!\n");
		return -EIO;
	}

	rc = xc_send_i2c_data(priv, scode_buf, 13);
	if (rc != 0) {
		/* Even if the send failed, make sure we set back to indirect
		   mode */
		printk(KERN_ERR "Failed to set scode %d\n", rc);
	}

	/* Switch back to indirect-mode */
	memset(indirect_mode, 0, sizeof(indirect_mode));
	indirect_mode[4] = 0x88;
	xc_send_i2c_data(priv, indirect_mode, sizeof(indirect_mode));
	msleep(10);

	return 0;
}

static int check_firmware(struct dvb_frontend *fe, unsigned int type,
			  v4l2_std_id std, __u16 int_freq)
{
	struct xc4000_priv         *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	struct firmware_properties new_fw;
	int			   rc = 0, is_retry = 0;
	u16			   hwmodel;
	v4l2_std_id		   std0;
	u8			   hw_major = 0, hw_minor = 0, fw_major = 0, fw_minor = 0;

	dprintk(1, "%s called\n", __func__);

	if (!priv->firm) {
		rc = xc4000_fwupload(fe);
		if (rc < 0)
			return rc;
	}

retry:
	new_fw.type = type;
	new_fw.id = std;
	new_fw.std_req = std;
	new_fw.scode_table = SCODE;
	new_fw.scode_nr = 0;
	new_fw.int_freq = int_freq;

	dprintk(1, "checking firmware, user requested type=");
	if (debug) {
		dump_firm_type(new_fw.type);
		printk(KERN_CONT "(%x), id %016llx, ", new_fw.type,
		       (unsigned long long)new_fw.std_req);
		if (!int_freq)
			printk(KERN_CONT "scode_tbl ");
		else
			printk(KERN_CONT "int_freq %d, ", new_fw.int_freq);
		printk(KERN_CONT "scode_nr %d\n", new_fw.scode_nr);
	}

	/* No need to reload base firmware if it matches */
	if (priv->cur_fw.type & BASE) {
		dprintk(1, "BASE firmware not changed.\n");
		goto skip_base;
	}

	/* Updating BASE - forget about all currently loaded firmware */
	memset(&priv->cur_fw, 0, sizeof(priv->cur_fw));

	/* Reset is needed before loading firmware */
	rc = xc4000_tuner_reset(fe);
	if (rc < 0)
		goto fail;

	/* BASE firmwares are all std0 */
	std0 = 0;
	rc = load_firmware(fe, BASE, &std0);
	if (rc < 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Error %d while loading base firmware\n", rc);
		goto fail;
	}

	/* Load INIT1, if needed */
	dprintk(1, "Load init1 firmware, if exists\n");

	rc = load_firmware(fe, BASE | INIT1, &std0);
	if (rc == -ENOENT)
		rc = load_firmware(fe, BASE | INIT1, &std0);
	if (rc < 0 && rc != -ENOENT) {
		tuner_err("Error %d while loading init1 firmware\n",
			  rc);
		goto fail;
	}

skip_base:
	/*
	 * No need to reload standard specific firmware if base firmware
	 * was not reloaded and requested video standards have not changed.
	 */
	if (priv->cur_fw.type == (BASE | new_fw.type) &&
	    priv->cur_fw.std_req == std) {
		dprintk(1, "Std-specific firmware already loaded.\n");
		goto skip_std_specific;
	}

	/* Reloading std-specific firmware forces a SCODE update */
	priv->cur_fw.scode_table = 0;

	/* Load the standard firmware */
	rc = load_firmware(fe, new_fw.type, &new_fw.id);

	if (rc < 0)
		goto fail;

skip_std_specific:
	if (priv->cur_fw.scode_table == new_fw.scode_table &&
	    priv->cur_fw.scode_nr == new_fw.scode_nr) {
		dprintk(1, "SCODE firmware already loaded.\n");
		goto check_device;
	}

	/* Load SCODE firmware, if exists */
	rc = load_scode(fe, new_fw.type | new_fw.scode_table, &new_fw.id,
			new_fw.int_freq, new_fw.scode_nr);
	if (rc != 0)
		dprintk(1, "load scode failed %d\n", rc);

check_device:
	if (xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_PRODUCT_ID, &hwmodel) < 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Unable to read tuner registers.\n");
		goto fail;
	}

	if (xc_get_version(priv, &hw_major, &hw_minor, &fw_major,
			   &fw_minor) != 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Unable to read tuner registers.\n");
		goto fail;
	}

	dprintk(1, "Device is Xceive %d version %d.%d, firmware version %d.%d\n",
		hwmodel, hw_major, hw_minor, fw_major, fw_minor);

	/* Check firmware version against what we downloaded. */
	if (priv->firm_version != ((fw_major << 8) | fw_minor)) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING
		       "Incorrect readback of firmware version %d.%d.\n",
		       fw_major, fw_minor);
		goto fail;
	}

	/* Check that the tuner hardware model remains consistent over time. */
	if (priv->hwmodel == 0 &&
	    (hwmodel == XC_PRODUCT_ID_XC4000 ||
	     hwmodel == XC_PRODUCT_ID_XC4100)) {
		priv->hwmodel = hwmodel;
		priv->hwvers = (hw_major << 8) | hw_minor;
	} else if (priv->hwmodel == 0 || priv->hwmodel != hwmodel ||
		   priv->hwvers != ((hw_major << 8) | hw_minor)) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING
		       "Read invalid device hardware information - tuner hung?\n");
		goto fail;
	}

	priv->cur_fw = new_fw;

	/*
	 * By setting BASE in cur_fw.type only after successfully loading all
	 * firmwares, we can:
	 * 1. Identify that BASE firmware with type=0 has been loaded;
	 * 2. Tell whether BASE firmware was just changed the next time through.
	 */
	priv->cur_fw.type |= BASE;

	return 0;

fail:
	memset(&priv->cur_fw, 0, sizeof(priv->cur_fw));
	if (!is_retry) {
		msleep(50);
		is_retry = 1;
		dprintk(1, "Retrying firmware load\n");
		goto retry;
	}

	if (rc == -ENOENT)
		rc = -EINVAL;
	return rc;
}

static void xc_debug_dump(struct xc4000_priv *priv)
{
	u16	adc_envelope;
	u32	freq_error_hz = 0;
	u16	lock_status;
	u32	hsync_freq_hz = 0;
	u16	frame_lines;
	u16	quality;
	u16	signal = 0;
	u16	noise = 0;
	u8	hw_majorversion = 0, hw_minorversion = 0;
	u8	fw_majorversion = 0, fw_minorversion = 0;

	xc_get_adc_envelope(priv, &adc_envelope);
	dprintk(1, "*** ADC envelope (0-1023) = %d\n", adc_envelope);

	xc_get_frequency_error(priv, &freq_error_hz);
	dprintk(1, "*** Frequency error = %d Hz\n", freq_error_hz);

	xc_get_lock_status(priv, &lock_status);
	dprintk(1, "*** Lock status (0-Wait, 1-Locked, 2-No-signal) = %d\n",
		lock_status);

	xc_get_version(priv, &hw_majorversion, &hw_minorversion,
		       &fw_majorversion, &fw_minorversion);
	dprintk(1, "*** HW: V%02x.%02x, FW: V%02x.%02x\n",
		hw_majorversion, hw_minorversion,
		fw_majorversion, fw_minorversion);

	if (priv->video_standard < XC4000_DTV6) {
		xc_get_hsync_freq(priv, &hsync_freq_hz);
		dprintk(1, "*** Horizontal sync frequency = %d Hz\n",
			hsync_freq_hz);

		xc_get_frame_lines(priv, &frame_lines);
		dprintk(1, "*** Frame lines = %d\n", frame_lines);
	}

	xc_get_quality(priv, &quality);
	dprintk(1, "*** Quality (0:<8dB, 7:>56dB) = %d\n", quality);

	xc_get_signal_level(priv, &signal);
	dprintk(1, "*** Signal level = -%ddB (%d)\n", signal >> 8, signal);

	xc_get_noise_level(priv, &noise);
	dprintk(1, "*** Noise level = %ddB (%d)\n", noise >> 8, noise);
}

static int xc4000_set_params(struct dvb_frontend *fe)
{
	struct dtv_frontend_properties *c = &fe->dtv_property_cache;
	u32 delsys = c->delivery_system;
	u32 bw = c->bandwidth_hz;
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	unsigned int type;
	int	ret = -EREMOTEIO;

	dprintk(1, "%s() frequency=%d (Hz)\n", __func__, c->frequency);

	mutex_lock(&priv->lock);

	switch (delsys) {
	case SYS_ATSC:
		dprintk(1, "%s() VSB modulation\n", __func__);
		priv->rf_mode = XC_RF_MODE_AIR;
		priv->freq_offset = 1750000;
		priv->video_standard = XC4000_DTV6;
		type = DTV6;
		break;
	case SYS_DVBC_ANNEX_B:
		dprintk(1, "%s() QAM modulation\n", __func__);
		priv->rf_mode = XC_RF_MODE_CABLE;
		priv->freq_offset = 1750000;
		priv->video_standard = XC4000_DTV6;
		type = DTV6;
		break;
	case SYS_DVBT:
	case SYS_DVBT2:
		dprintk(1, "%s() OFDM\n", __func__);
		if (bw == 0) {
			if (c->frequency < 400000000) {
				priv->freq_offset = 2250000;
			} else {
				priv->freq_offset = 2750000;
			}
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DTV7_8;
			type = DTV78;
		} else if (bw <= 6000000) {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DTV6;
			priv->freq_offset = 1750000;
			type = DTV6;
		} else if (bw <= 7000000) {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DTV7;
			priv->freq_offset = 2250000;
			type = DTV7;
		} else {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DTV8;
			priv->freq_offset = 2750000;
			type = DTV8;
		}
		priv->rf_mode = XC_RF_MODE_AIR;
		break;
	default:
		printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000 delivery system not supported!\n");
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto fail;
	}

	priv->freq_hz = c->frequency - priv->freq_offset;

	dprintk(1, "%s() frequency=%d (compensated)\n",
		__func__, priv->freq_hz);

	/* Make sure the correct firmware type is loaded */
	if (check_firmware(fe, type, 0, priv->if_khz) != 0)
		goto fail;

	priv->bandwidth = c->bandwidth_hz;

	ret = xc_set_signal_source(priv, priv->rf_mode);
	if (ret != 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: xc_set_signal_source(%d) failed\n",
		       priv->rf_mode);
		goto fail;
	} else {
		u16	video_mode, audio_mode;
		video_mode = xc4000_standard[priv->video_standard].video_mode;
		audio_mode = xc4000_standard[priv->video_standard].audio_mode;
		if (type == DTV6 && priv->firm_version != 0x0102)
			video_mode |= 0x0001;
		ret = xc_set_tv_standard(priv, video_mode, audio_mode);
		if (ret != 0) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: xc_set_tv_standard failed\n");
			/* DJH - do not return when it fails... */
			/* goto fail; */
		}
	}

	if (xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_D_CODE, 0) == 0)
		ret = 0;
	if (priv->dvb_amplitude != 0) {
		if (xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_AMPLITUDE,
				 (priv->firm_version != 0x0102 ||
				  priv->dvb_amplitude != 134 ?
				  priv->dvb_amplitude : 132)) != 0)
			ret = -EREMOTEIO;
	}
	if (priv->set_smoothedcvbs != 0) {
		if (xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_SMOOTHEDCVBS, 1) != 0)
			ret = -EREMOTEIO;
	}
	if (ret != 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: setting registers failed\n");
		/* goto fail; */
	}

	xc_tune_channel(priv, priv->freq_hz);

	ret = 0;

fail:
	mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);

	return ret;
}

static int xc4000_set_analog_params(struct dvb_frontend *fe,
	struct analog_parameters *params)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	unsigned int type = 0;
	int	ret = -EREMOTEIO;

	if (params->mode == V4L2_TUNER_RADIO) {
		dprintk(1, "%s() frequency=%d (in units of 62.5Hz)\n",
			__func__, params->frequency);

		mutex_lock(&priv->lock);

		params->std = 0;
		priv->freq_hz = params->frequency * 125L / 2;

		if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_INPUT1) {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_FM_Radio_INPUT1;
			type = FM | INPUT1;
		} else {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_FM_Radio_INPUT2;
			type = FM | INPUT2;
		}

		goto tune_channel;
	}

	dprintk(1, "%s() frequency=%d (in units of 62.5khz)\n",
		__func__, params->frequency);

	mutex_lock(&priv->lock);

	/* params->frequency is in units of 62.5khz */
	priv->freq_hz = params->frequency * 62500;

	params->std &= V4L2_STD_ALL;
	/* if std is not defined, choose one */
	if (!params->std)
		params->std = V4L2_STD_PAL_BG;

	if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_MONO)
		type = MONO;

	if (params->std & V4L2_STD_MN) {
		params->std = V4L2_STD_MN;
		if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_MONO) {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_MN_NTSC_PAL_Mono;
		} else if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_A2) {
			params->std |= V4L2_STD_A2;
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_MN_NTSC_PAL_A2;
		} else {
			params->std |= V4L2_STD_BTSC;
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_MN_NTSC_PAL_BTSC;
		}
		goto tune_channel;
	}

	if (params->std & V4L2_STD_PAL_BG) {
		params->std = V4L2_STD_PAL_BG;
		if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_MONO) {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_BG_PAL_MONO;
		} else if (!(audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_A2)) {
			if (!(audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_B)) {
				params->std |= V4L2_STD_NICAM_A;
				priv->video_standard = XC4000_BG_PAL_NICAM;
			} else {
				params->std |= V4L2_STD_NICAM_B;
				priv->video_standard = XC4000_BG_PAL_NICAM;
			}
		} else {
			if (!(audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_B)) {
				params->std |= V4L2_STD_A2_A;
				priv->video_standard = XC4000_BG_PAL_A2;
			} else {
				params->std |= V4L2_STD_A2_B;
				priv->video_standard = XC4000_BG_PAL_A2;
			}
		}
		goto tune_channel;
	}

	if (params->std & V4L2_STD_PAL_I) {
		/* default to NICAM audio standard */
		params->std = V4L2_STD_PAL_I | V4L2_STD_NICAM;
		if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_MONO)
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_I_PAL_NICAM_MONO;
		else
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_I_PAL_NICAM;
		goto tune_channel;
	}

	if (params->std & V4L2_STD_PAL_DK) {
		params->std = V4L2_STD_PAL_DK;
		if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_MONO) {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DK_PAL_MONO;
		} else if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_A2) {
			params->std |= V4L2_STD_A2;
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DK_PAL_A2;
		} else {
			params->std |= V4L2_STD_NICAM;
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DK_PAL_NICAM;
		}
		goto tune_channel;
	}

	if (params->std & V4L2_STD_SECAM_DK) {
		/* default to A2 audio standard */
		params->std = V4L2_STD_SECAM_DK | V4L2_STD_A2;
		if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_L) {
			type = 0;
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DK_SECAM_NICAM;
		} else if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_MONO) {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DK_SECAM_A2MONO;
		} else if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_K3) {
			params->std |= V4L2_STD_SECAM_K3;
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DK_SECAM_A2LDK3;
		} else {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DK_SECAM_A2DK1;
		}
		goto tune_channel;
	}

	if (params->std & V4L2_STD_SECAM_L) {
		/* default to NICAM audio standard */
		type = 0;
		params->std = V4L2_STD_SECAM_L | V4L2_STD_NICAM;
		priv->video_standard = XC4000_L_SECAM_NICAM;
		goto tune_channel;
	}

	if (params->std & V4L2_STD_SECAM_LC) {
		/* default to NICAM audio standard */
		type = 0;
		params->std = V4L2_STD_SECAM_LC | V4L2_STD_NICAM;
		priv->video_standard = XC4000_LC_SECAM_NICAM;
		goto tune_channel;
	}

tune_channel:
	/* FIXME: it could be air. */
	priv->rf_mode = XC_RF_MODE_CABLE;

	if (check_firmware(fe, type, params->std,
			   xc4000_standard[priv->video_standard].int_freq) != 0)
		goto fail;

	ret = xc_set_signal_source(priv, priv->rf_mode);
	if (ret != 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR
		       "xc4000: xc_set_signal_source(%d) failed\n",
		       priv->rf_mode);
		goto fail;
	} else {
		u16	video_mode, audio_mode;
		video_mode = xc4000_standard[priv->video_standard].video_mode;
		audio_mode = xc4000_standard[priv->video_standard].audio_mode;
		if (priv->video_standard < XC4000_BG_PAL_A2) {
			if (type & NOGD)
				video_mode &= 0xFF7F;
		} else if (priv->video_standard < XC4000_I_PAL_NICAM) {
			if (priv->firm_version == 0x0102)
				video_mode &= 0xFEFF;
			if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_B)
				video_mode |= 0x0080;
		}
		ret = xc_set_tv_standard(priv, video_mode, audio_mode);
		if (ret != 0) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: xc_set_tv_standard failed\n");
			goto fail;
		}
	}

	if (xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_D_CODE, 0) == 0)
		ret = 0;
	if (xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_AMPLITUDE, 1) != 0)
		ret = -EREMOTEIO;
	if (priv->set_smoothedcvbs != 0) {
		if (xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_SMOOTHEDCVBS, 1) != 0)
			ret = -EREMOTEIO;
	}
	if (ret != 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: setting registers failed\n");
		goto fail;
	}

	xc_tune_channel(priv, priv->freq_hz);

	ret = 0;

fail:
	mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);

	return ret;
}

static int xc4000_get_signal(struct dvb_frontend *fe, u16 *strength)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	u16 value = 0;
	int rc;

	mutex_lock(&priv->lock);
	rc = xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_SIGNAL_LEVEL, &value);
	mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);

	if (rc < 0)
		goto ret;

	/* Information from real testing of DVB-T and radio part,
	   coefficient for one dB is 0xff.
	 */
	tuner_dbg("Signal strength: -%ddB (%05d)\n", value >> 8, value);

	/* all known digital modes */
	if ((priv->video_standard == XC4000_DTV6) ||
	    (priv->video_standard == XC4000_DTV7) ||
	    (priv->video_standard == XC4000_DTV7_8) ||
	    (priv->video_standard == XC4000_DTV8))
		goto digital;

	/* Analog mode has NOISE LEVEL important, signal
	   depends only on gain of antenna and amplifiers,
	   but it doesn't tell anything about real quality
	   of reception.
	 */
	mutex_lock(&priv->lock);
	rc = xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_NOISE_LEVEL, &value);
	mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);

	tuner_dbg("Noise level: %ddB (%05d)\n", value >> 8, value);

	/* highest noise level: 32dB */
	if (value >= 0x2000) {
		value = 0;
	} else {
		value = (~value << 3) & 0xffff;
	}

	goto ret;

	/* Digital mode has SIGNAL LEVEL important and real
	   noise level is stored in demodulator registers.
	 */
digital:
	/* best signal: -50dB */
	if (value <= 0x3200) {
		value = 0xffff;
	/* minimum: -114dB - should be 0x7200 but real zero is 0x713A */
	} else if (value >= 0x713A) {
		value = 0;
	} else {
		value = ~(value - 0x3200) << 2;
	}

ret:
	*strength = value;

	return rc;
}

static int xc4000_get_frequency(struct dvb_frontend *fe, u32 *freq)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;

	*freq = priv->freq_hz + priv->freq_offset;

	if (debug) {
		mutex_lock(&priv->lock);
		if ((priv->cur_fw.type
		     & (BASE | FM | DTV6 | DTV7 | DTV78 | DTV8)) == BASE) {
			u16	snr = 0;
			if (xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_SNR, &snr) == 0) {
				mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);
				dprintk(1, "%s() freq = %u, SNR = %d\n",
					__func__, *freq, snr);
				return 0;
			}
		}
		mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);
	}

	dprintk(1, "%s()\n", __func__);

	return 0;
}

static int xc4000_get_bandwidth(struct dvb_frontend *fe, u32 *bw)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	dprintk(1, "%s()\n", __func__);

	*bw = priv->bandwidth;
	return 0;
}

static int xc4000_get_status(struct dvb_frontend *fe, u32 *status)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	u16	lock_status = 0;

	mutex_lock(&priv->lock);

	if (priv->cur_fw.type & BASE)
		xc_get_lock_status(priv, &lock_status);

	*status = (lock_status == 1 ?
		   TUNER_STATUS_LOCKED | TUNER_STATUS_STEREO : 0);
	if (priv->cur_fw.type & (DTV6 | DTV7 | DTV78 | DTV8))
		*status &= (~TUNER_STATUS_STEREO);

	mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);

	dprintk(2, "%s() lock_status = %d\n", __func__, lock_status);

	return 0;
}

static int xc4000_sleep(struct dvb_frontend *fe)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	int	ret = 0;

	dprintk(1, "%s()\n", __func__);

	mutex_lock(&priv->lock);

	/* Avoid firmware reload on slow devices */
	if ((no_poweroff == 2 ||
	     (no_poweroff == 0 && priv->default_pm != 0)) &&
	    (priv->cur_fw.type & BASE) != 0) {
		/* force reset and firmware reload */
		priv->cur_fw.type = XC_POWERED_DOWN;

		if (xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_POWER_DOWN, 0) != 0) {
			printk(KERN_ERR
			       "xc4000: %s() unable to shutdown tuner\n",
			       __func__);
			ret = -EREMOTEIO;
		}
		msleep(20);
	}

	mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);

	return ret;
}

static int xc4000_init(struct dvb_frontend *fe)
{
	dprintk(1, "%s()\n", __func__);

	return 0;
}

static void xc4000_release(struct dvb_frontend *fe)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;

	dprintk(1, "%s()\n", __func__);

	mutex_lock(&xc4000_list_mutex);

	if (priv)
		hybrid_tuner_release_state(priv);

	mutex_unlock(&xc4000_list_mutex);

	fe->tuner_priv = NULL;
}

static const struct dvb_tuner_ops xc4000_tuner_ops = {
	.info = {
		.name              = "Xceive XC4000",
		.frequency_min_hz  =    1 * MHz,
		.frequency_max_hz  = 1023 * MHz,
		.frequency_step_hz =   50 * kHz,
	},

	.release	   = xc4000_release,
	.init		   = xc4000_init,
	.sleep		   = xc4000_sleep,

	.set_params	   = xc4000_set_params,
	.set_analog_params = xc4000_set_analog_params,
	.get_frequency	   = xc4000_get_frequency,
	.get_rf_strength   = xc4000_get_signal,
	.get_bandwidth	   = xc4000_get_bandwidth,
	.get_status	   = xc4000_get_status
};

struct dvb_frontend *xc4000_attach(struct dvb_frontend *fe,
				   struct i2c_adapter *i2c,
				   struct xc4000_config *cfg)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = NULL;
	int	instance;
	u16	id = 0;

	dprintk(1, "%s(%d-%04x)\n", __func__,
		i2c ? i2c_adapter_id(i2c) : -1,
		cfg ? cfg->i2c_address : -1);

	mutex_lock(&xc4000_list_mutex);

	instance = hybrid_tuner_request_state(struct xc4000_priv, priv,
					      hybrid_tuner_instance_list,
					      i2c, cfg->i2c_address, "xc4000");
	switch (instance) {
	case 0:
		goto fail;
	case 1:
		/* new tuner instance */
		priv->bandwidth = 6000000;
		/* set default configuration */
		priv->if_khz = 4560;
		priv->default_pm = 0;
		priv->dvb_amplitude = 134;
		priv->set_smoothedcvbs = 1;
		mutex_init(&priv->lock);
		fe->tuner_priv = priv;
		break;
	default:
		/* existing tuner instance */
		fe->tuner_priv = priv;
		break;
	}

	if (cfg->if_khz != 0) {
		/* copy configuration if provided by the caller */
		priv->if_khz = cfg->if_khz;
		priv->default_pm = cfg->default_pm;
		priv->dvb_amplitude = cfg->dvb_amplitude;
		priv->set_smoothedcvbs = cfg->set_smoothedcvbs;
	}

	/* Check if firmware has been loaded. It is possible that another
	   instance of the driver has loaded the firmware.
	 */

	if (instance == 1) {
		if (xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_PRODUCT_ID, &id) != 0)
			goto fail;
	} else {
		id = ((priv->cur_fw.type & BASE) != 0 ?
		      priv->hwmodel : XC_PRODUCT_ID_FW_NOT_LOADED);
	}

	switch (id) {
	case XC_PRODUCT_ID_XC4000:
	case XC_PRODUCT_ID_XC4100:
		printk(KERN_INFO
			"xc4000: Successfully identified at address 0x%02x\n",
			cfg->i2c_address);
		printk(KERN_INFO
			"xc4000: Firmware has been loaded previously\n");
		break;
	case XC_PRODUCT_ID_FW_NOT_LOADED:
		printk(KERN_INFO
			"xc4000: Successfully identified at address 0x%02x\n",
			cfg->i2c_address);
		printk(KERN_INFO
			"xc4000: Firmware has not been loaded previously\n");
		break;
	default:
		printk(KERN_ERR
			"xc4000: Device not found at addr 0x%02x (0x%x)\n",
			cfg->i2c_address, id);
		goto fail;
	}

	mutex_unlock(&xc4000_list_mutex);

	memcpy(&fe->ops.tuner_ops, &xc4000_tuner_ops,
		sizeof(struct dvb_tuner_ops));

	if (instance == 1) {
		int	ret;
		mutex_lock(&priv->lock);
		ret = xc4000_fwupload(fe);
		mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);
		if (ret != 0)
			goto fail2;
	}

	return fe;
fail:
	mutex_unlock(&xc4000_list_mutex);
fail2:
	xc4000_release(fe);
	return NULL;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(xc4000_attach);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Steven Toth, Davide Ferri");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Xceive xc4000 silicon tuner driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_FIRMWARE(XC4000_DEFAULT_FIRMWARE_NEW);
MODULE_FIRMWARE(XC4000_DEFAULT_FIRMWARE