12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031323334353637383940414243444546474849505152535455565758596061626364656667686970717273747576777879808182838485868788899091929394959697989910010110210310410510610710810911011111211311411511611711811912012112212312412512612712812913013113213313413513613713813914014114214314414514614714814915015115215315415515615715815916016116216316416516616716816917017117217317417517617717817918018118218318418518618718818919019119219319419519619719819920020120220320420520620720820921021121221321421521621721821922022122222322422522622722822923023123223323423523623723823924024124224324424524624724824925025125225325425525625725825926026126226326426526626726826927027127227327427527627727827928028128228328428528628728828929029129229329429529629729829930030130230330430530630730830931031131231331431531631731831932032132232332432532632732832933033133233333433533633733833934034134234334434534634734834935035135235335435535635735835936036136236336436536636736836937037137237337437537637737837938038138238338438538638738838939039139239339439539639739839940040140240340440540640740840941041141241341441541641741841942042142242342442542642742842943043143243343443543643743843944044144244344444544644744844945045145245345445545645745845946046146246346446546646746846947047147247347447547647747847948048148248348448548648748848949049149249349449549649749849950050150250350450550650750850951051151251351451551651751851952052152252352452552652752852953053153253353453553653753853954054154254354454554654754854955055155255355455555655755855956056156256356456556656756856957057157257357457557657757857958058158258358458558658758858959059159259359459559659759859960060160260360460560660760860961061161261361461561661761861962062162262362462562662762862963063163263363463563663763863964064164264364464564664764864965065165265365465565665765865966066166266366466566666766866967067167267367467567667767867968068168268368468568668768868969069169269369469569669769869970070170270370470570670770870971071171271371471571671771871972072172272372472572672772872973073173273373473573673773873974074174274374474574674774874975075175275375475575675775875976076176276376476576676776876977077177277377477577677777877978078178278378478578678778878979079179279379479579679779879980080180280380480580680780880981081181281381481581681781881982082182282382482582682782882983083183283383483583683783883984084184284384484584684784884985085185285385485585685785885986086186286386486586686786886987087187287387487587687787887988088188288388488588688788888989089189289389489589689789889990090190290390490590690790890991091191291391491591691791891992092192292392492592692792892993093193293393493593693793893994094194294394494594694794894995095195295395495595695795895996096196296396496596696796896997097197297397497597697797897998098198298398498598698798898999099199299399499599699799899910001001100210031004100510061007100810091010101110121013101410151016101710181019102010211022102310241025102610271028102910301031103210331034103510361037103810391040104110421043104410451046104710481049105010511052105310541055105610571058105910601061106210631064106510661067106810691070107110721073107410751076107710781079108010811082108310841085108610871088108910901091109210931094109510961097109810991100110111021103110411051106110711081109111011111112111311141115111611171118111911201121112211231124112511261127112811291130113111321133113411351136113711381139114011411142114311441145114611471148114911501151115211531154115511561157115811591160116111621163116411651166116711681169117011711172117311741175117611771178117911801181118211831184118511861187118811891190119111921193119411951196119711981199120012011202120312041205120612071208120912101211121212131214121512161217121812191220122112221223122412251226122712281229123012311232123312341235123612371238123912401241124212431244124512461247124812491250125112521253125412551256125712581259126012611262126312641265126612671268126912701271127212731274127512761277127812791280128112821283128412851286128712881289129012911292129312941295129612971298129913001301130213031304130513061307130813091310131113121313131413151316131713181319132013211322132313241325132613271328132913301331/*
 * Copyright (C) Sistina Software, Inc.  1997-2003 All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (C) 2004-2006 Red Hat, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * This copyrighted material is made available to anyone wishing to use,
 * modify, copy, or redistribute it subject to the terms and conditions
 * of the GNU General Public License version 2.
 */

#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/gfs2_ondisk.h>
#include <linux/falloc.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/crc32.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/dlm.h>
#include <linux/dlm_plock.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>

#include "gfs2.h"
#include "incore.h"
#include "bmap.h"
#include "aops.h"
#include "dir.h"
#include "glock.h"
#include "glops.h"
#include "inode.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "meta_io.h"
#include "quota.h"
#include "rgrp.h"
#include "trans.h"
#include "util.h"

/**
 * gfs2_llseek - seek to a location in a file
 * @file: the file
 * @offset: the offset
 * @whence: Where to seek from (SEEK_SET, SEEK_CUR, or SEEK_END)
 *
 * SEEK_END requires the glock for the file because it references the
 * file's size.
 *
 * Returns: The new offset, or errno
 */

static loff_t gfs2_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence)
{
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(file->f_mapping->host);
	struct gfs2_holder i_gh;
	loff_t error;

	switch (whence) {
	case SEEK_END:
		error = gfs2_glock_nq_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_SHARED, LM_FLAG_ANY,
					   &i_gh);
		if (!error) {
			error = generic_file_llseek(file, offset, whence);
			gfs2_glock_dq_uninit(&i_gh);
		}
		break;

	case SEEK_DATA:
		error = gfs2_seek_data(file, offset);
		break;

	case SEEK_HOLE:
		error = gfs2_seek_hole(file, offset);
		break;

	case SEEK_CUR:
	case SEEK_SET:
		/*
		 * These don't reference inode->i_size and don't depend on the
		 * block mapping, so we don't need the glock.
		 */
		error = generic_file_llseek(file, offset, whence);
		break;
	default:
		error = -EINVAL;
	}

	return error;
}

/**
 * gfs2_readdir - Iterator for a directory
 * @file: The directory to read from
 * @ctx: What to feed directory entries to
 *
 * Returns: errno
 */

static int gfs2_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx)
{
	struct inode *dir = file->f_mapping->host;
	struct gfs2_inode *dip = GFS2_I(dir);
	struct gfs2_holder d_gh;
	int error;

	error = gfs2_glock_nq_init(dip->i_gl, LM_ST_SHARED, 0, &d_gh);
	if (error)
		return error;

	error = gfs2_dir_read(dir, ctx, &file->f_ra);

	gfs2_glock_dq_uninit(&d_gh);

	return error;
}

/**
 * fsflag_gfs2flag
 *
 * The FS_JOURNAL_DATA_FL flag maps to GFS2_DIF_INHERIT_JDATA for directories,
 * and to GFS2_DIF_JDATA for non-directories.
 */
static struct {
	u32 fsflag;
	u32 gfsflag;
} fsflag_gfs2flag[] = {
	{FS_SYNC_FL, GFS2_DIF_SYNC},
	{FS_IMMUTABLE_FL, GFS2_DIF_IMMUTABLE},
	{FS_APPEND_FL, GFS2_DIF_APPENDONLY},
	{FS_NOATIME_FL, GFS2_DIF_NOATIME},
	{FS_INDEX_FL, GFS2_DIF_EXHASH},
	{FS_TOPDIR_FL, GFS2_DIF_TOPDIR},
	{FS_JOURNAL_DATA_FL, GFS2_DIF_JDATA | GFS2_DIF_INHERIT_JDATA},
};

static int gfs2_get_flags(struct file *filp, u32 __user *ptr)
{
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	struct gfs2_holder gh;
	int i, error;
	u32 gfsflags, fsflags = 0;

	gfs2_holder_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_SHARED, 0, &gh);
	error = gfs2_glock_nq(&gh);
	if (error)
		goto out_uninit;

	gfsflags = ip->i_diskflags;
	if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
		gfsflags &= ~GFS2_DIF_JDATA;
	else
		gfsflags &= ~GFS2_DIF_INHERIT_JDATA;
	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(fsflag_gfs2flag); i++)
		if (gfsflags & fsflag_gfs2flag[i].gfsflag)
			fsflags |= fsflag_gfs2flag[i].fsflag;

	if (put_user(fsflags, ptr))
		error = -EFAULT;

	gfs2_glock_dq(&gh);
out_uninit:
	gfs2_holder_uninit(&gh);
	return error;
}

void gfs2_set_inode_flags(struct inode *inode)
{
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	unsigned int flags = inode->i_flags;

	flags &= ~(S_SYNC|S_APPEND|S_IMMUTABLE|S_NOATIME|S_DIRSYNC|S_NOSEC);
	if ((ip->i_eattr == 0) && !is_sxid(inode->i_mode))
		flags |= S_NOSEC;
	if (ip->i_diskflags & GFS2_DIF_IMMUTABLE)
		flags |= S_IMMUTABLE;
	if (ip->i_diskflags & GFS2_DIF_APPENDONLY)
		flags |= S_APPEND;
	if (ip->i_diskflags & GFS2_DIF_NOATIME)
		flags |= S_NOATIME;
	if (ip->i_diskflags & GFS2_DIF_SYNC)
		flags |= S_SYNC;
	inode->i_flags = flags;
}

/* Flags that can be set by user space */
#define GFS2_FLAGS_USER_SET (GFS2_DIF_JDATA|			\
			     GFS2_DIF_IMMUTABLE|		\
			     GFS2_DIF_APPENDONLY|		\
			     GFS2_DIF_NOATIME|			\
			     GFS2_DIF_SYNC|			\
			     GFS2_DIF_TOPDIR|			\
			     GFS2_DIF_INHERIT_JDATA)

/**
 * do_gfs2_set_flags - set flags on an inode
 * @filp: file pointer
 * @reqflags: The flags to set
 * @mask: Indicates which flags are valid
 *
 */
static int do_gfs2_set_flags(struct file *filp, u32 reqflags, u32 mask)
{
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = GFS2_SB(inode);
	struct buffer_head *bh;
	struct gfs2_holder gh;
	int error;
	u32 new_flags, flags;

	error = mnt_want_write_file(filp);
	if (error)
		return error;

	error = gfs2_glock_nq_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_EXCLUSIVE, 0, &gh);
	if (error)
		goto out_drop_write;

	error = -EACCES;
	if (!inode_owner_or_capable(inode))
		goto out;

	error = 0;
	flags = ip->i_diskflags;
	new_flags = (flags & ~mask) | (reqflags & mask);
	if ((new_flags ^ flags) == 0)
		goto out;

	error = -EPERM;
	if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) && (new_flags & GFS2_DIF_IMMUTABLE))
		goto out;
	if (IS_APPEND(inode) && (new_flags & GFS2_DIF_APPENDONLY))
		goto out;
	if (((new_flags ^ flags) & GFS2_DIF_IMMUTABLE) &&
	    !capable(CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE))
		goto out;
	if (!IS_IMMUTABLE(inode)) {
		error = gfs2_permission(inode, MAY_WRITE);
		if (error)
			goto out;
	}
	if ((flags ^ new_flags) & GFS2_DIF_JDATA) {
		if (new_flags & GFS2_DIF_JDATA)
			gfs2_log_flush(sdp, ip->i_gl,
				       GFS2_LOG_HEAD_FLUSH_NORMAL |
				       GFS2_LFC_SET_FLAGS);
		error = filemap_fdatawrite(inode->i_mapping);
		if (error)
			goto out;
		error = filemap_fdatawait(inode->i_mapping);
		if (error)
			goto out;
		if (new_flags & GFS2_DIF_JDATA)
			gfs2_ordered_del_inode(ip);
	}
	error = gfs2_trans_begin(sdp, RES_DINODE, 0);
	if (error)
		goto out;
	error = gfs2_meta_inode_buffer(ip, &bh);
	if (error)
		goto out_trans_end;
	inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode);
	gfs2_trans_add_meta(ip->i_gl, bh);
	ip->i_diskflags = new_flags;
	gfs2_dinode_out(ip, bh->b_data);
	brelse(bh);
	gfs2_set_inode_flags(inode);
	gfs2_set_aops(inode);
out_trans_end:
	gfs2_trans_end(sdp);
out:
	gfs2_glock_dq_uninit(&gh);
out_drop_write:
	mnt_drop_write_file(filp);
	return error;
}

static int gfs2_set_flags(struct file *filp, u32 __user *ptr)
{
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
	u32 fsflags, gfsflags = 0;
	u32 mask;
	int i;

	if (get_user(fsflags, ptr))
		return -EFAULT;

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(fsflag_gfs2flag); i++) {
		if (fsflags & fsflag_gfs2flag[i].fsflag) {
			fsflags &= ~fsflag_gfs2flag[i].fsflag;
			gfsflags |= fsflag_gfs2flag[i].gfsflag;
		}
	}
	if (fsflags || gfsflags & ~GFS2_FLAGS_USER_SET)
		return -EINVAL;

	mask = GFS2_FLAGS_USER_SET;
	if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) {
		mask &= ~GFS2_DIF_JDATA;
	} else {
		/* The GFS2_DIF_TOPDIR flag is only valid for directories. */
		if (gfsflags & GFS2_DIF_TOPDIR)
			return -EINVAL;
		mask &= ~(GFS2_DIF_TOPDIR | GFS2_DIF_INHERIT_JDATA);
	}

	return do_gfs2_set_flags(filp, gfsflags, mask);
}

static int gfs2_getlabel(struct file *filp, char __user *label)
{
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = GFS2_SB(inode);

	if (copy_to_user(label, sdp->sd_sb.sb_locktable, GFS2_LOCKNAME_LEN))
		return -EFAULT;

	return 0;
}

static long gfs2_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
	switch(cmd) {
	case FS_IOC_GETFLAGS:
		return gfs2_get_flags(filp, (u32 __user *)arg);
	case FS_IOC_SETFLAGS:
		return gfs2_set_flags(filp, (u32 __user *)arg);
	case FITRIM:
		return gfs2_fitrim(filp, (void __user *)arg);
	case FS_IOC_GETFSLABEL:
		return gfs2_getlabel(filp, (char __user *)arg);
	}

	return -ENOTTY;
}

/**
 * gfs2_size_hint - Give a hint to the size of a write request
 * @filep: The struct file
 * @offset: The file offset of the write
 * @size: The length of the write
 *
 * When we are about to do a write, this function records the total
 * write size in order to provide a suitable hint to the lower layers
 * about how many blocks will be required.
 *
 */

static void gfs2_size_hint(struct file *filep, loff_t offset, size_t size)
{
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(filep);
	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = GFS2_SB(inode);
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	size_t blks = (size + sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize - 1) >> sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize_shift;
	int hint = min_t(size_t, INT_MAX, blks);

	if (hint > atomic_read(&ip->i_sizehint))
		atomic_set(&ip->i_sizehint, hint);
}

/**
 * gfs2_allocate_page_backing - Use bmap to allocate blocks
 * @page: The (locked) page to allocate backing for
 *
 * We try to allocate all the blocks required for the page in
 * one go. This might fail for various reasons, so we keep
 * trying until all the blocks to back this page are allocated.
 * If some of the blocks are already allocated, thats ok too.
 */

static int gfs2_allocate_page_backing(struct page *page)
{
	struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host;
	struct buffer_head bh;
	unsigned long size = PAGE_SIZE;
	u64 lblock = page->index << (PAGE_SHIFT - inode->i_blkbits);

	do {
		bh.b_state = 0;
		bh.b_size = size;
		gfs2_block_map(inode, lblock, &bh, 1);
		if (!buffer_mapped(&bh))
			return -EIO;
		size -= bh.b_size;
		lblock += (bh.b_size >> inode->i_blkbits);
	} while(size > 0);
	return 0;
}

/**
 * gfs2_page_mkwrite - Make a shared, mmap()ed, page writable
 * @vma: The virtual memory area
 * @vmf: The virtual memory fault containing the page to become writable
 *
 * When the page becomes writable, we need to ensure that we have
 * blocks allocated on disk to back that page.
 */

static vm_fault_t gfs2_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf)
{
	struct page *page = vmf->page;
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(vmf->vma->vm_file);
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = GFS2_SB(inode);
	struct gfs2_alloc_parms ap = { .aflags = 0, };
	unsigned long last_index;
	u64 pos = page->index << PAGE_SHIFT;
	unsigned int data_blocks, ind_blocks, rblocks;
	struct gfs2_holder gh;
	loff_t size;
	int ret;

	sb_start_pagefault(inode->i_sb);

	ret = gfs2_rsqa_alloc(ip);
	if (ret)
		goto out;

	gfs2_size_hint(vmf->vma->vm_file, pos, PAGE_SIZE);

	gfs2_holder_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_EXCLUSIVE, 0, &gh);
	ret = gfs2_glock_nq(&gh);
	if (ret)
		goto out_uninit;

	/* Update file times before taking page lock */
	file_update_time(vmf->vma->vm_file);

	set_bit(GLF_DIRTY, &ip->i_gl->gl_flags);
	set_bit(GIF_SW_PAGED, &ip->i_flags);

	if (!gfs2_write_alloc_required(ip, pos, PAGE_SIZE)) {
		lock_page(page);
		if (!PageUptodate(page) || page->mapping != inode->i_mapping) {
			ret = -EAGAIN;
			unlock_page(page);
		}
		goto out_unlock;
	}

	ret = gfs2_rindex_update(sdp);
	if (ret)
		goto out_unlock;

	gfs2_write_calc_reserv(ip, PAGE_SIZE, &data_blocks, &ind_blocks);
	ap.target = data_blocks + ind_blocks;
	ret = gfs2_quota_lock_check(ip, &ap);
	if (ret)
		goto out_unlock;
	ret = gfs2_inplace_reserve(ip, &ap);
	if (ret)
		goto out_quota_unlock;

	rblocks = RES_DINODE + ind_blocks;
	if (gfs2_is_jdata(ip))
		rblocks += data_blocks ? data_blocks : 1;
	if (ind_blocks || data_blocks) {
		rblocks += RES_STATFS + RES_QUOTA;
		rblocks += gfs2_rg_blocks(ip, data_blocks + ind_blocks);
	}
	ret = gfs2_trans_begin(sdp, rblocks, 0);
	if (ret)
		goto out_trans_fail;

	lock_page(page);
	ret = -EINVAL;
	size = i_size_read(inode);
	last_index = (size - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
	/* Check page index against inode size */
	if (size == 0 || (page->index > last_index))
		goto out_trans_end;

	ret = -EAGAIN;
	/* If truncated, we must retry the operation, we may have raced
	 * with the glock demotion code.
	 */
	if (!PageUptodate(page) || page->mapping != inode->i_mapping)
		goto out_trans_end;

	/* Unstuff, if required, and allocate backing blocks for page */
	ret = 0;
	if (gfs2_is_stuffed(ip))
		ret = gfs2_unstuff_dinode(ip, page);
	if (ret == 0)
		ret = gfs2_allocate_page_backing(page);

out_trans_end:
	if (ret)
		unlock_page(page);
	gfs2_trans_end(sdp);
out_trans_fail:
	gfs2_inplace_release(ip);
out_quota_unlock:
	gfs2_quota_unlock(ip);
out_unlock:
	gfs2_glock_dq(&gh);
out_uninit:
	gfs2_holder_uninit(&gh);
	if (ret == 0) {
		set_page_dirty(page);
		wait_for_stable_page(page);
	}
out:
	sb_end_pagefault(inode->i_sb);
	return block_page_mkwrite_return(ret);
}

static const struct vm_operations_struct gfs2_vm_ops = {
	.fault = filemap_fault,
	.map_pages = filemap_map_pages,
	.page_mkwrite = gfs2_page_mkwrite,
};

/**
 * gfs2_mmap -
 * @file: The file to map
 * @vma: The VMA which described the mapping
 *
 * There is no need to get a lock here unless we should be updating
 * atime. We ignore any locking errors since the only consequence is
 * a missed atime update (which will just be deferred until later).
 *
 * Returns: 0
 */

static int gfs2_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(file->f_mapping->host);

	if (!(file->f_flags & O_NOATIME) &&
	    !IS_NOATIME(&ip->i_inode)) {
		struct gfs2_holder i_gh;
		int error;

		error = gfs2_glock_nq_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_SHARED, LM_FLAG_ANY,
					   &i_gh);
		if (error)
			return error;
		/* grab lock to update inode */
		gfs2_glock_dq_uninit(&i_gh);
		file_accessed(file);
	}
	vma->vm_ops = &gfs2_vm_ops;

	return 0;
}

/**
 * gfs2_open_common - This is common to open and atomic_open
 * @inode: The inode being opened
 * @file: The file being opened
 *
 * This maybe called under a glock or not depending upon how it has
 * been called. We must always be called under a glock for regular
 * files, however. For other file types, it does not matter whether
 * we hold the glock or not.
 *
 * Returns: Error code or 0 for success
 */

int gfs2_open_common(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	struct gfs2_file *fp;
	int ret;

	if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) {
		ret = generic_file_open(inode, file);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
	}

	fp = kzalloc(sizeof(struct gfs2_file), GFP_NOFS);
	if (!fp)
		return -ENOMEM;

	mutex_init(&fp->f_fl_mutex);

	gfs2_assert_warn(GFS2_SB(inode), !file->private_data);
	file->private_data = fp;
	return 0;
}

/**
 * gfs2_open - open a file
 * @inode: the inode to open
 * @file: the struct file for this opening
 *
 * After atomic_open, this function is only used for opening files
 * which are already cached. We must still get the glock for regular
 * files to ensure that we have the file size uptodate for the large
 * file check which is in the common code. That is only an issue for
 * regular files though.
 *
 * Returns: errno
 */

static int gfs2_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	struct gfs2_holder i_gh;
	int error;
	bool need_unlock = false;

	if (S_ISREG(ip->i_inode.i_mode)) {
		error = gfs2_glock_nq_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_SHARED, LM_FLAG_ANY,
					   &i_gh);
		if (error)
			return error;
		need_unlock = true;
	}

	error = gfs2_open_common(inode, file);

	if (need_unlock)
		gfs2_glock_dq_uninit(&i_gh);

	return error;
}

/**
 * gfs2_release - called to close a struct file
 * @inode: the inode the struct file belongs to
 * @file: the struct file being closed
 *
 * Returns: errno
 */

static int gfs2_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);

	kfree(file->private_data);
	file->private_data = NULL;

	if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE))
		return 0;

	gfs2_rsqa_delete(ip, &inode->i_writecount);
	return 0;
}

/**
 * gfs2_fsync - sync the dirty data for a file (across the cluster)
 * @file: the file that points to the dentry
 * @start: the start position in the file to sync
 * @end: the end position in the file to sync
 * @datasync: set if we can ignore timestamp changes
 *
 * We split the data flushing here so that we don't wait for the data
 * until after we've also sent the metadata to disk. Note that for
 * data=ordered, we will write & wait for the data at the log flush
 * stage anyway, so this is unlikely to make much of a difference
 * except in the data=writeback case.
 *
 * If the fdatawrite fails due to any reason except -EIO, we will
 * continue the remainder of the fsync, although we'll still report
 * the error at the end. This is to match filemap_write_and_wait_range()
 * behaviour.
 *
 * Returns: errno
 */

static int gfs2_fsync(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end,
		      int datasync)
{
	struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
	struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
	int sync_state = inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_ALL;
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	int ret = 0, ret1 = 0;

	if (mapping->nrpages) {
		ret1 = filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, start, end);
		if (ret1 == -EIO)
			return ret1;
	}

	if (!gfs2_is_jdata(ip))
		sync_state &= ~I_DIRTY_PAGES;
	if (datasync)
		sync_state &= ~(I_DIRTY_SYNC | I_DIRTY_TIME);

	if (sync_state) {
		ret = sync_inode_metadata(inode, 1);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
		if (gfs2_is_jdata(ip))
			ret = file_write_and_wait(file);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
		gfs2_ail_flush(ip->i_gl, 1);
	}

	if (mapping->nrpages)
		ret = file_fdatawait_range(file, start, end);

	return ret ? ret : ret1;
}

static ssize_t gfs2_file_direct_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to)
{
	struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(file->f_mapping->host);
	size_t count = iov_iter_count(to);
	struct gfs2_holder gh;
	ssize_t ret;

	if (!count)
		return 0; /* skip atime */

	gfs2_holder_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_DEFERRED, 0, &gh);
	ret = gfs2_glock_nq(&gh);
	if (ret)
		goto out_uninit;

	ret = iomap_dio_rw(iocb, to, &gfs2_iomap_ops, NULL);

	gfs2_glock_dq(&gh);
out_uninit:
	gfs2_holder_uninit(&gh);
	return ret;
}

static ssize_t gfs2_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from)
{
	struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
	struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host;
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	size_t len = iov_iter_count(from);
	loff_t offset = iocb->ki_pos;
	struct gfs2_holder gh;
	ssize_t ret;

	/*
	 * Deferred lock, even if its a write, since we do no allocation on
	 * this path. All we need to change is the atime, and this lock mode
	 * ensures that other nodes have flushed their buffered read caches
	 * (i.e. their page cache entries for this inode). We do not,
	 * unfortunately, have the option of only flushing a range like the
	 * VFS does.
	 */
	gfs2_holder_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_DEFERRED, 0, &gh);
	ret = gfs2_glock_nq(&gh);
	if (ret)
		goto out_uninit;

	/* Silently fall back to buffered I/O when writing beyond EOF */
	if (offset + len > i_size_read(&ip->i_inode))
		goto out;

	ret = iomap_dio_rw(iocb, from, &gfs2_iomap_ops, NULL);

out:
	gfs2_glock_dq(&gh);
out_uninit:
	gfs2_holder_uninit(&gh);
	return ret;
}

static ssize_t gfs2_file_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to)
{
	ssize_t ret;

	if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT) {
		ret = gfs2_file_direct_read(iocb, to);
		if (likely(ret != -ENOTBLK))
			return ret;
		iocb->ki_flags &= ~IOCB_DIRECT;
	}
	return generic_file_read_iter(iocb, to);
}

/**
 * gfs2_file_write_iter - Perform a write to a file
 * @iocb: The io context
 * @from: The data to write
 *
 * We have to do a lock/unlock here to refresh the inode size for
 * O_APPEND writes, otherwise we can land up writing at the wrong
 * offset. There is still a race, but provided the app is using its
 * own file locking, this will make O_APPEND work as expected.
 *
 */

static ssize_t gfs2_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from)
{
	struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	ssize_t written = 0, ret;

	ret = gfs2_rsqa_alloc(ip);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	gfs2_size_hint(file, iocb->ki_pos, iov_iter_count(from));

	if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_APPEND) {
		struct gfs2_holder gh;

		ret = gfs2_glock_nq_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_SHARED, 0, &gh);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
		gfs2_glock_dq_uninit(&gh);
	}

	inode_lock(inode);
	ret = generic_write_checks(iocb, from);
	if (ret <= 0)
		goto out;

	/* We can write back this queue in page reclaim */
	current->backing_dev_info = inode_to_bdi(inode);

	ret = file_remove_privs(file);
	if (ret)
		goto out2;

	ret = file_update_time(file);
	if (ret)
		goto out2;

	if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT) {
		struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
		loff_t pos, endbyte;
		ssize_t buffered;

		written = gfs2_file_direct_write(iocb, from);
		if (written < 0 || !iov_iter_count(from))
			goto out2;

		ret = iomap_file_buffered_write(iocb, from, &gfs2_iomap_ops);
		if (unlikely(ret < 0))
			goto out2;
		buffered = ret;

		/*
		 * We need to ensure that the page cache pages are written to
		 * disk and invalidated to preserve the expected O_DIRECT
		 * semantics.
		 */
		pos = iocb->ki_pos;
		endbyte = pos + buffered - 1;
		ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, pos, endbyte);
		if (!ret) {
			iocb->ki_pos += buffered;
			written += buffered;
			invalidate_mapping_pages(mapping,
						 pos >> PAGE_SHIFT,
						 endbyte >> PAGE_SHIFT);
		} else {
			/*
			 * We don't know how much we wrote, so just return
			 * the number of bytes which were direct-written
			 */
		}
	} else {
		ret = iomap_file_buffered_write(iocb, from, &gfs2_iomap_ops);
		if (likely(ret > 0))
			iocb->ki_pos += ret;
	}

out2:
	current->backing_dev_info = NULL;
out:
	inode_unlock(inode);
	if (likely(ret > 0)) {
		/* Handle various SYNC-type writes */
		ret = generic_write_sync(iocb, ret);
	}
	return written ? written : ret;
}

static int fallocate_chunk(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len,
			   int mode)
{
	struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	loff_t end = offset + len;
	struct buffer_head *dibh;
	int error;

	error = gfs2_meta_inode_buffer(ip, &dibh);
	if (unlikely(error))
		return error;

	gfs2_trans_add_meta(ip->i_gl, dibh);

	if (gfs2_is_stuffed(ip)) {
		error = gfs2_unstuff_dinode(ip, NULL);
		if (unlikely(error))
			goto out;
	}

	while (offset < end) {
		struct iomap iomap = { };

		error = gfs2_iomap_get_alloc(inode, offset, end - offset,
					     &iomap);
		if (error)
			goto out;
		offset = iomap.offset + iomap.length;
		if (!(iomap.flags & IOMAP_F_NEW))
			continue;
		error = sb_issue_zeroout(sb, iomap.addr >> inode->i_blkbits,
					 iomap.length >> inode->i_blkbits,
					 GFP_NOFS);
		if (error) {
			fs_err(GFS2_SB(inode), "Failed to zero data buffers\n");
			goto out;
		}
	}
out:
	brelse(dibh);
	return error;
}
/**
 * calc_max_reserv() - Reverse of write_calc_reserv. Given a number of
 *                     blocks, determine how many bytes can be written.
 * @ip:          The inode in question.
 * @len:         Max cap of bytes. What we return in *len must be <= this.
 * @data_blocks: Compute and return the number of data blocks needed
 * @ind_blocks:  Compute and return the number of indirect blocks needed
 * @max_blocks:  The total blocks available to work with.
 *
 * Returns: void, but @len, @data_blocks and @ind_blocks are filled in.
 */
static void calc_max_reserv(struct gfs2_inode *ip, loff_t *len,
			    unsigned int *data_blocks, unsigned int *ind_blocks,
			    unsigned int max_blocks)
{
	loff_t max = *len;
	const struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = GFS2_SB(&ip->i_inode);
	unsigned int tmp, max_data = max_blocks - 3 * (sdp->sd_max_height - 1);

	for (tmp = max_data; tmp > sdp->sd_diptrs;) {
		tmp = DIV_ROUND_UP(tmp, sdp->sd_inptrs);
		max_data -= tmp;
	}

	*data_blocks = max_data;
	*ind_blocks = max_blocks - max_data;
	*len = ((loff_t)max_data - 3) << sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize_shift;
	if (*len > max) {
		*len = max;
		gfs2_write_calc_reserv(ip, max, data_blocks, ind_blocks);
	}
}

static long __gfs2_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len)
{
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = GFS2_SB(inode);
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	struct gfs2_alloc_parms ap = { .aflags = 0, };
	unsigned int data_blocks = 0, ind_blocks = 0, rblocks;
	loff_t bytes, max_bytes, max_blks;
	int error;
	const loff_t pos = offset;
	const loff_t count = len;
	loff_t bsize_mask = ~((loff_t)sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize - 1);
	loff_t next = (offset + len - 1) >> sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize_shift;
	loff_t max_chunk_size = UINT_MAX & bsize_mask;

	next = (next + 1) << sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize_shift;

	offset &= bsize_mask;

	len = next - offset;
	bytes = sdp->sd_max_rg_data * sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize / 2;
	if (!bytes)
		bytes = UINT_MAX;
	bytes &= bsize_mask;
	if (bytes == 0)
		bytes = sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize;

	gfs2_size_hint(file, offset, len);

	gfs2_write_calc_reserv(ip, PAGE_SIZE, &data_blocks, &ind_blocks);
	ap.min_target = data_blocks + ind_blocks;

	while (len > 0) {
		if (len < bytes)
			bytes = len;
		if (!gfs2_write_alloc_required(ip, offset, bytes)) {
			len -= bytes;
			offset += bytes;
			continue;
		}

		/* We need to determine how many bytes we can actually
		 * fallocate without exceeding quota or going over the
		 * end of the fs. We start off optimistically by assuming
		 * we can write max_bytes */
		max_bytes = (len > max_chunk_size) ? max_chunk_size : len;

		/* Since max_bytes is most likely a theoretical max, we
		 * calculate a more realistic 'bytes' to serve as a good
		 * starting point for the number of bytes we may be able
		 * to write */
		gfs2_write_calc_reserv(ip, bytes, &data_blocks, &ind_blocks);
		ap.target = data_blocks + ind_blocks;

		error = gfs2_quota_lock_check(ip, &ap);
		if (error)
			return error;
		/* ap.allowed tells us how many blocks quota will allow
		 * us to write. Check if this reduces max_blks */
		max_blks = UINT_MAX;
		if (ap.allowed)
			max_blks = ap.allowed;

		error = gfs2_inplace_reserve(ip, &ap);
		if (error)
			goto out_qunlock;

		/* check if the selected rgrp limits our max_blks further */
		if (ap.allowed && ap.allowed < max_blks)
			max_blks = ap.allowed;

		/* Almost done. Calculate bytes that can be written using
		 * max_blks. We also recompute max_bytes, data_blocks and
		 * ind_blocks */
		calc_max_reserv(ip, &max_bytes, &data_blocks,
				&ind_blocks, max_blks);

		rblocks = RES_DINODE + ind_blocks + RES_STATFS + RES_QUOTA +
			  RES_RG_HDR + gfs2_rg_blocks(ip, data_blocks + ind_blocks);
		if (gfs2_is_jdata(ip))
			rblocks += data_blocks ? data_blocks : 1;

		error = gfs2_trans_begin(sdp, rblocks,
					 PAGE_SIZE/sdp->sd_sb.sb_bsize);
		if (error)
			goto out_trans_fail;

		error = fallocate_chunk(inode, offset, max_bytes, mode);
		gfs2_trans_end(sdp);

		if (error)
			goto out_trans_fail;

		len -= max_bytes;
		offset += max_bytes;
		gfs2_inplace_release(ip);
		gfs2_quota_unlock(ip);
	}

	if (!(mode & FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) && (pos + count) > inode->i_size) {
		i_size_write(inode, pos + count);
		file_update_time(file);
		mark_inode_dirty(inode);
	}

	if ((file->f_flags & O_DSYNC) || IS_SYNC(file->f_mapping->host))
		return vfs_fsync_range(file, pos, pos + count - 1,
			       (file->f_flags & __O_SYNC) ? 0 : 1);
	return 0;

out_trans_fail:
	gfs2_inplace_release(ip);
out_qunlock:
	gfs2_quota_unlock(ip);
	return error;
}

static long gfs2_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len)
{
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = GFS2_SB(inode);
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
	struct gfs2_holder gh;
	int ret;

	if (mode & ~(FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE | FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE))
		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
	/* fallocate is needed by gfs2_grow to reserve space in the rindex */
	if (gfs2_is_jdata(ip) && inode != sdp->sd_rindex)
		return -EOPNOTSUPP;

	inode_lock(inode);

	gfs2_holder_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_EXCLUSIVE, 0, &gh);
	ret = gfs2_glock_nq(&gh);
	if (ret)
		goto out_uninit;

	if (!(mode & FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) &&
	    (offset + len) > inode->i_size) {
		ret = inode_newsize_ok(inode, offset + len);
		if (ret)
			goto out_unlock;
	}

	ret = get_write_access(inode);
	if (ret)
		goto out_unlock;

	if (mode & FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE) {
		ret = __gfs2_punch_hole(file, offset, len);
	} else {
		ret = gfs2_rsqa_alloc(ip);
		if (ret)
			goto out_putw;

		ret = __gfs2_fallocate(file, mode, offset, len);

		if (ret)
			gfs2_rs_deltree(&ip->i_res);
	}

out_putw:
	put_write_access(inode);
out_unlock:
	gfs2_glock_dq(&gh);
out_uninit:
	gfs2_holder_uninit(&gh);
	inode_unlock(inode);
	return ret;
}

static ssize_t gfs2_file_splice_write(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe,
				      struct file *out, loff_t *ppos,
				      size_t len, unsigned int flags)
{
	int error;
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(out->f_mapping->host);

	error = gfs2_rsqa_alloc(ip);
	if (error)
		return (ssize_t)error;

	gfs2_size_hint(out, *ppos, len);

	return iter_file_splice_write(pipe, out, ppos, len, flags);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_GFS2_FS_LOCKING_DLM

/**
 * gfs2_lock - acquire/release a posix lock on a file
 * @file: the file pointer
 * @cmd: either modify or retrieve lock state, possibly wait
 * @fl: type and range of lock
 *
 * Returns: errno
 */

static int gfs2_lock(struct file *file, int cmd, struct file_lock *fl)
{
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(file->f_mapping->host);
	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = GFS2_SB(file->f_mapping->host);
	struct lm_lockstruct *ls = &sdp->sd_lockstruct;

	if (!(fl->fl_flags & FL_POSIX))
		return -ENOLCK;
	if (__mandatory_lock(&ip->i_inode) && fl->fl_type != F_UNLCK)
		return -ENOLCK;

	if (cmd == F_CANCELLK) {
		/* Hack: */
		cmd = F_SETLK;
		fl->fl_type = F_UNLCK;
	}
	if (unlikely(test_bit(SDF_SHUTDOWN, &sdp->sd_flags))) {
		if (fl->fl_type == F_UNLCK)
			locks_lock_file_wait(file, fl);
		return -EIO;
	}
	if (IS_GETLK(cmd))
		return dlm_posix_get(ls->ls_dlm, ip->i_no_addr, file, fl);
	else if (fl->fl_type == F_UNLCK)
		return dlm_posix_unlock(ls->ls_dlm, ip->i_no_addr, file, fl);
	else
		return dlm_posix_lock(ls->ls_dlm, ip->i_no_addr, file, cmd, fl);
}

static int do_flock(struct file *file, int cmd, struct file_lock *fl)
{
	struct gfs2_file *fp = file->private_data;
	struct gfs2_holder *fl_gh = &fp->f_fl_gh;
	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(file_inode(file));
	struct gfs2_glock *gl;
	unsigned int state;
	u16 flags;
	int error = 0;
	int sleeptime;

	state = (fl->fl_type == F_WRLCK) ? LM_ST_EXCLUSIVE : LM_ST_SHARED;
	flags = (IS_SETLKW(cmd) ? 0 : LM_FLAG_TRY_1CB) | GL_EXACT;

	mutex_lock(&fp->f_fl_mutex);

	if (gfs2_holder_initialized(fl_gh)) {
		if (fl_gh->gh_state == state)
			goto out;
		locks_lock_file_wait(file,
				     &(struct file_lock) {
					     .fl_type = F_UNLCK,
					     .fl_flags = FL_FLOCK
				     });
		gfs2_glock_dq(fl_gh);
		gfs2_holder_reinit(state, flags, fl_gh);
	} else {
		error = gfs2_glock_get(GFS2_SB(&ip->i_inode), ip->i_no_addr,
				       &gfs2_flock_glops, CREATE, &gl);
		if (error)
			goto out;
		gfs2_holder_init(gl, state, flags, fl_gh);
		gfs2_glock_put(gl);
	}
	for (sleeptime = 1; sleeptime <= 4; sleeptime <<= 1) {
		error = gfs2_glock_nq(fl_gh);
		if (error != GLR_TRYFAILED)
			break;
		fl_gh->gh_flags = LM_FLAG_TRY | GL_EXACT;
		fl_gh->gh_error = 0;
		msleep(sleeptime);
	}
	if (error) {
		gfs2_holder_uninit(fl_gh);
		if (error == GLR_TRYFAILED)
			error = -EAGAIN;
	} else {
		error = locks_lock_file_wait(file, fl);
		gfs2_assert_warn(GFS2_SB(&ip->i_inode), !error);
	}

out:
	mutex_unlock(&fp->f_fl_mutex);
	return error;
}

static void do_unflock(struct file *file, struct file_lock *fl)
{
	struct gfs2_file *fp = file->private_data;
	struct gfs2_holder *fl_gh = &fp->f_fl_gh;

	mutex_lock(&fp->f_fl_mutex);
	locks_lock_file_wait(file, fl);
	if (gfs2_holder_initialized(fl_gh)) {
		gfs2_glock_dq(fl_gh);
		gfs2_holder_uninit(fl_gh);
	}
	mutex_unlock(&fp->f_fl_mutex);
}

/**
 * gfs2_flock - acquire/release a flock lock on a file
 * @file: the file pointer
 * @cmd: either modify or retrieve lock state, possibly wait
 * @fl: type and range of lock
 *
 * Returns: errno
 */

static int gfs2_flock(struct file *file, int cmd, struct file_lock *fl)
{
	if (!(fl->fl_flags & FL_FLOCK))
		return -ENOLCK;
	if (fl->fl_type & LOCK_MAND)
		return -EOPNOTSUPP;

	if (fl->fl_type == F_UNLCK) {
		do_unflock(file, fl);
		return 0;
	} else {
		return do_flock(file, cmd, fl);
	}
}

const struct file_operations gfs2_file_fops = {
	.llseek		= gfs2_llseek,
	.read_iter	= gfs2_file_read_iter,
	.write_iter	= gfs2_file_write_iter,
	.unlocked_ioctl	= gfs2_ioctl,
	.mmap		= gfs2_mmap,
	.open		= gfs2_open,
	.release	= gfs2_release,
	.fsync		= gfs2_fsync,
	.lock		= gfs2_lock,
	.flock		= gfs2_flock,
	.splice_read	= generic_file_splice_read,
	.splice_write	= gfs2_file_splice_write,
	.setlease	= simple_nosetlease,
	.fallocate	= gfs2_fallocate,
};

const struct file_operations gfs2_dir_fops = {
	.iterate_shared	= gfs2_readdir,
	.unlocked_ioctl	= gfs2_ioctl,
	.open		= gfs2_open,
	.release	= gfs2_release,
	.fsync		= gfs2_fsync,
	.lock		= gfs2_lock,
	.flock		= gfs2_flock,
	.llseek		= default_llseek,
};

#endif /* CONFIG_GFS2_FS_LOCKING_DLM */

const struct file_operations gfs2_file_fops_nolock = {
	.llseek		= gfs2_llseek,
	.read_iter	= gfs2_file_read_iter,
	.write_iter	= gfs2_file_write_iter,
	.unlocked_ioctl	= gfs2_ioctl,
	.mmap		= gfs2_mmap,
	.open		= gfs2_open,
	.release	= gfs2_release,
	.fsync		= gfs2_fsync,
	.splice_read	= generic_file_splice_read,
	.splice_write	= gfs2_file_splice_write,
	.setlease	= generic_setlease,
	.fallocate	= gfs2_fallocate,
};

const struct file_operations gfs2_dir_fops_nolock = {
	.iterate_shared	= gfs2_readdir,
	.unlocked_ioctl	= gfs2_ioctl,
	.open		= gfs2_open,
	.release	= gfs2_release,
	.fsync		= gfs2_fsync,
	.llseek		= default_llseek,
}