// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
/*
 * Janz MODULbus VMOD-ICAN3 CAN Interface Driver
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2010 Ira W. Snyder <iws@ovro.caltech.edu>
 */

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/platform_device.h>

#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/can.h>
#include <linux/can/dev.h>
#include <linux/can/skb.h>
#include <linux/can/error.h>

#include <linux/mfd/janz.h>
#include <asm/io.h>

/* the DPM has 64k of memory, organized into 256x 256 byte pages */
#define DPM_NUM_PAGES		256
#define DPM_PAGE_SIZE		256
#define DPM_PAGE_ADDR(p)	((p) * DPM_PAGE_SIZE)

/* JANZ ICAN3 "old-style" host interface queue page numbers */
#define QUEUE_OLD_CONTROL	0
#define QUEUE_OLD_RB0		1
#define QUEUE_OLD_RB1		2
#define QUEUE_OLD_WB0		3
#define QUEUE_OLD_WB1		4

/* Janz ICAN3 "old-style" host interface control registers */
#define MSYNC_PEER		0x00		/* ICAN only */
#define MSYNC_LOCL		0x01		/* host only */
#define TARGET_RUNNING		0x02
#define FIRMWARE_STAMP		0x60		/* big endian firmware stamp */

#define MSYNC_RB0		0x01
#define MSYNC_RB1		0x02
#define MSYNC_RBLW		0x04
#define MSYNC_RB_MASK		(MSYNC_RB0 | MSYNC_RB1)

#define MSYNC_WB0		0x10
#define MSYNC_WB1		0x20
#define MSYNC_WBLW		0x40
#define MSYNC_WB_MASK		(MSYNC_WB0 | MSYNC_WB1)

/* Janz ICAN3 "new-style" host interface queue page numbers */
#define QUEUE_TOHOST		5
#define QUEUE_FROMHOST_MID	6
#define QUEUE_FROMHOST_HIGH	7
#define QUEUE_FROMHOST_LOW	8

/* The first free page in the DPM is #9 */
#define DPM_FREE_START		9

/* Janz ICAN3 "new-style" and "fast" host interface descriptor flags */
#define DESC_VALID		0x80
#define DESC_WRAP		0x40
#define DESC_INTERRUPT		0x20
#define DESC_IVALID		0x10
#define DESC_LEN(len)		(len)

/* Janz ICAN3 Firmware Messages */
#define MSG_CONNECTI		0x02
#define MSG_DISCONNECT		0x03
#define MSG_IDVERS		0x04
#define MSG_MSGLOST		0x05
#define MSG_NEWHOSTIF		0x08
#define MSG_INQUIRY		0x0a
#define MSG_SETAFILMASK		0x10
#define MSG_INITFDPMQUEUE	0x11
#define MSG_HWCONF		0x12
#define MSG_FMSGLOST		0x15
#define MSG_CEVTIND		0x37
#define MSG_CBTRREQ		0x41
#define MSG_COFFREQ		0x42
#define MSG_CONREQ		0x43
#define MSG_CCONFREQ		0x47
#define MSG_NMTS		0xb0
#define MSG_LMTS		0xb4

/*
 * Janz ICAN3 CAN Inquiry Message Types
 *
 * NOTE: there appears to be a firmware bug here. You must send
 * NOTE: INQUIRY_STATUS and expect to receive an INQUIRY_EXTENDED
 * NOTE: response. The controller never responds to a message with
 * NOTE: the INQUIRY_EXTENDED subspec :(
 */
#define INQUIRY_STATUS		0x00
#define INQUIRY_TERMINATION	0x01
#define INQUIRY_EXTENDED	0x04

/* Janz ICAN3 CAN Set Acceptance Filter Mask Message Types */
#define SETAFILMASK_REJECT	0x00
#define SETAFILMASK_FASTIF	0x02

/* Janz ICAN3 CAN Hardware Configuration Message Types */
#define HWCONF_TERMINATE_ON	0x01
#define HWCONF_TERMINATE_OFF	0x00

/* Janz ICAN3 CAN Event Indication Message Types */
#define CEVTIND_EI		0x01
#define CEVTIND_DOI		0x02
#define CEVTIND_LOST		0x04
#define CEVTIND_FULL		0x08
#define CEVTIND_BEI		0x10

#define CEVTIND_CHIP_SJA1000	0x02

#define ICAN3_BUSERR_QUOTA_MAX	255

/* Janz ICAN3 CAN Frame Conversion */
#define ICAN3_SNGL	0x02
#define ICAN3_ECHO	0x10
#define ICAN3_EFF_RTR	0x40
#define ICAN3_SFF_RTR	0x10
#define ICAN3_EFF	0x80

#define ICAN3_CAN_TYPE_MASK	0x0f
#define ICAN3_CAN_TYPE_SFF	0x00
#define ICAN3_CAN_TYPE_EFF	0x01

#define ICAN3_CAN_DLC_MASK	0x0f

/* Janz ICAN3 NMTS subtypes */
#define NMTS_CREATE_NODE_REQ	0x0
#define NMTS_SLAVE_STATE_IND	0x8
#define NMTS_SLAVE_EVENT_IND	0x9

/* Janz ICAN3 LMTS subtypes */
#define LMTS_BUSON_REQ		0x0
#define LMTS_BUSOFF_REQ		0x1
#define LMTS_CAN_CONF_REQ	0x2

/* Janz ICAN3 NMTS Event indications */
#define NE_LOCAL_OCCURRED	0x3
#define NE_LOCAL_RESOLVED	0x2
#define NE_REMOTE_OCCURRED	0xc
#define NE_REMOTE_RESOLVED	0x8

/*
 * SJA1000 Status and Error Register Definitions
 *
 * Copied from drivers/net/can/sja1000/sja1000.h
 */

/* status register content */
#define SR_BS		0x80
#define SR_ES		0x40
#define SR_TS		0x20
#define SR_RS		0x10
#define SR_TCS		0x08
#define SR_TBS		0x04
#define SR_DOS		0x02
#define SR_RBS		0x01

#define SR_CRIT (SR_BS|SR_ES)

/* ECC register */
#define ECC_SEG		0x1F
#define ECC_DIR		0x20
#define ECC_ERR		6
#define ECC_BIT		0x00
#define ECC_FORM	0x40
#define ECC_STUFF	0x80
#define ECC_MASK	0xc0

/* Number of buffers for use in the "new-style" host interface */
#define ICAN3_NEW_BUFFERS	16

/* Number of buffers for use in the "fast" host interface */
#define ICAN3_TX_BUFFERS	512
#define ICAN3_RX_BUFFERS	1024

/* SJA1000 Clock Input */
#define ICAN3_CAN_CLOCK		8000000

/* Janz ICAN3 firmware types */
enum ican3_fwtype {
	ICAN3_FWTYPE_ICANOS,
	ICAN3_FWTYPE_CAL_CANOPEN,
};

/* Driver Name */
#define DRV_NAME "janz-ican3"

/* DPM Control Registers -- starts at offset 0x100 in the MODULbus registers */
struct ican3_dpm_control {
	/* window address register */
	u8 window_address;
	u8 unused1;

	/*
	 * Read access: clear interrupt from microcontroller
	 * Write access: send interrupt to microcontroller
	 */
	u8 interrupt;
	u8 unused2;

	/* write-only: reset all hardware on the module */
	u8 hwreset;
	u8 unused3;

	/* write-only: generate an interrupt to the TPU */
	u8 tpuinterrupt;
};

struct ican3_dev {

	/* must be the first member */
	struct can_priv can;

	/* CAN network device */
	struct net_device *ndev;
	struct napi_struct napi;

	/* module number */
	unsigned int num;

	/* base address of registers and IRQ */
	struct janz_cmodio_onboard_regs __iomem *ctrl;
	struct ican3_dpm_control __iomem *dpmctrl;
	void __iomem *dpm;
	int irq;

	/* CAN bus termination status */
	struct completion termination_comp;
	bool termination_enabled;

	/* CAN bus error status registers */
	struct completion buserror_comp;
	struct can_berr_counter bec;

	/* firmware type */
	enum ican3_fwtype fwtype;
	char fwinfo[32];

	/* old and new style host interface */
	unsigned int iftype;

	/* queue for echo packets */
	struct sk_buff_head echoq;

	/*
	 * Any function which changes the current DPM page must hold this
	 * lock while it is performing data accesses. This ensures that the
	 * function will not be preempted and end up reading data from a
	 * different DPM page than it expects.
	 */
	spinlock_t lock;

	/* new host interface */
	unsigned int rx_int;
	unsigned int rx_num;
	unsigned int tx_num;

	/* fast host interface */
	unsigned int fastrx_start;
	unsigned int fastrx_num;
	unsigned int fasttx_start;
	unsigned int fasttx_num;

	/* first free DPM page */
	unsigned int free_page;
};

struct ican3_msg {
	u8 control;
	u8 spec;
	__le16 len;
	u8 data[252];
};

struct ican3_new_desc {
	u8 control;
	u8 pointer;
};

struct ican3_fast_desc {
	u8 control;
	u8 command;
	u8 data[14];
};

/* write to the window basic address register */
static inline void ican3_set_page(struct ican3_dev *mod, unsigned int page)
{
	BUG_ON(page >= DPM_NUM_PAGES);
	iowrite8(page, &mod->dpmctrl->window_address);
}

/*
 * ICAN3 "old-style" host interface
 */

/*
 * Receive a message from the ICAN3 "old-style" firmware interface
 *
 * LOCKING: must hold mod->lock
 *
 * returns 0 on success, -ENOMEM when no message exists
 */
static int ican3_old_recv_msg(struct ican3_dev *mod, struct ican3_msg *msg)
{
	unsigned int mbox, mbox_page;
	u8 locl, peer, xord;

	/* get the MSYNC registers */
	ican3_set_page(mod, QUEUE_OLD_CONTROL);
	peer = ioread8(mod->dpm + MSYNC_PEER);
	locl = ioread8(mod->dpm + MSYNC_LOCL);
	xord = locl ^ peer;

	if ((xord & MSYNC_RB_MASK) == 0x00) {
		netdev_dbg(mod->ndev, "no mbox for reading\n");
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	/* find the first free mbox to read */
	if ((xord & MSYNC_RB_MASK) == MSYNC_RB_MASK)
		mbox = (xord & MSYNC_RBLW) ? MSYNC_RB0 : MSYNC_RB1;
	else
		mbox = (xord & MSYNC_RB0) ? MSYNC_RB0 : MSYNC_RB1;

	/* copy the message */
	mbox_page = (mbox == MSYNC_RB0) ? QUEUE_OLD_RB0 : QUEUE_OLD_RB1;
	ican3_set_page(mod, mbox_page);
	memcpy_fromio(msg, mod->dpm, sizeof(*msg));

	/*
	 * notify the firmware that the read buffer is available
	 * for it to fill again
	 */
	locl ^= mbox;

	ican3_set_page(mod, QUEUE_OLD_CONTROL);
	iowrite8(locl, mod->dpm + MSYNC_LOCL);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Send a message through the "old-style" firmware interface
 *
 * LOCKING: must hold mod->lock
 *
 * returns 0 on success, -ENOMEM when no free space exists
 */
static int ican3_old_send_msg(struct ican3_dev *mod, struct ican3_msg *msg)
{
	unsigned int mbox, mbox_page;
	u8 locl, peer, xord;

	/* get the MSYNC registers */
	ican3_set_page(mod, QUEUE_OLD_CONTROL);
	peer = ioread8(mod->dpm + MSYNC_PEER);
	locl = ioread8(mod->dpm + MSYNC_LOCL);
	xord = locl ^ peer;

	if ((xord & MSYNC_WB_MASK) == MSYNC_WB_MASK) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "no mbox for writing\n");
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	/* calculate a free mbox to use */
	mbox = (xord & MSYNC_WB0) ? MSYNC_WB1 : MSYNC_WB0;

	/* copy the message to the DPM */
	mbox_page = (mbox == MSYNC_WB0) ? QUEUE_OLD_WB0 : QUEUE_OLD_WB1;
	ican3_set_page(mod, mbox_page);
	memcpy_toio(mod->dpm, msg, sizeof(*msg));

	locl ^= mbox;
	if (mbox == MSYNC_WB1)
		locl |= MSYNC_WBLW;

	ican3_set_page(mod, QUEUE_OLD_CONTROL);
	iowrite8(locl, mod->dpm + MSYNC_LOCL);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * ICAN3 "new-style" Host Interface Setup
 */

static void ican3_init_new_host_interface(struct ican3_dev *mod)
{
	struct ican3_new_desc desc;
	unsigned long flags;
	void __iomem *dst;
	int i;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&mod->lock, flags);

	/* setup the internal datastructures for RX */
	mod->rx_num = 0;
	mod->rx_int = 0;

	/* tohost queue descriptors are in page 5 */
	ican3_set_page(mod, QUEUE_TOHOST);
	dst = mod->dpm;

	/* initialize the tohost (rx) queue descriptors: pages 9-24 */
	for (i = 0; i < ICAN3_NEW_BUFFERS; i++) {
		desc.control = DESC_INTERRUPT | DESC_LEN(1); /* I L=1 */
		desc.pointer = mod->free_page;

		/* set wrap flag on last buffer */
		if (i == ICAN3_NEW_BUFFERS - 1)
			desc.control |= DESC_WRAP;

		memcpy_toio(dst, &desc, sizeof(desc));
		dst += sizeof(desc);
		mod->free_page++;
	}

	/* fromhost (tx) mid queue descriptors are in page 6 */
	ican3_set_page(mod, QUEUE_FROMHOST_MID);
	dst = mod->dpm;

	/* setup the internal datastructures for TX */
	mod->tx_num = 0;

	/* initialize the fromhost mid queue descriptors: pages 25-40 */
	for (i = 0; i < ICAN3_NEW_BUFFERS; i++) {
		desc.control = DESC_VALID | DESC_LEN(1); /* V L=1 */
		desc.pointer = mod->free_page;

		/* set wrap flag on last buffer */
		if (i == ICAN3_NEW_BUFFERS - 1)
			desc.control |= DESC_WRAP;

		memcpy_toio(dst, &desc, sizeof(desc));
		dst += sizeof(desc);
		mod->free_page++;
	}

	/* fromhost hi queue descriptors are in page 7 */
	ican3_set_page(mod, QUEUE_FROMHOST_HIGH);
	dst = mod->dpm;

	/* initialize only a single buffer in the fromhost hi queue (unused) */
	desc.control = DESC_VALID | DESC_WRAP | DESC_LEN(1); /* VW L=1 */
	desc.pointer = mod->free_page;
	memcpy_toio(dst, &desc, sizeof(desc));
	mod->free_page++;

	/* fromhost low queue descriptors are in page 8 */
	ican3_set_page(mod, QUEUE_FROMHOST_LOW);
	dst = mod->dpm;

	/* initialize only a single buffer in the fromhost low queue (unused) */
	desc.control = DESC_VALID | DESC_WRAP | DESC_LEN(1); /* VW L=1 */
	desc.pointer = mod->free_page;
	memcpy_toio(dst, &desc, sizeof(desc));
	mod->free_page++;

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mod->lock, flags);
}

/*
 * ICAN3 Fast Host Interface Setup
 */

static void ican3_init_fast_host_interface(struct ican3_dev *mod)
{
	struct ican3_fast_desc desc;
	unsigned long flags;
	unsigned int addr;
	void __iomem *dst;
	int i;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&mod->lock, flags);

	/* save the start recv page */
	mod->fastrx_start = mod->free_page;
	mod->fastrx_num = 0;

	/* build a single fast tohost queue descriptor */
	memset(&desc, 0, sizeof(desc));
	desc.control = 0x00;
	desc.command = 1;

	/* build the tohost queue descriptor ring in memory */
	addr = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < ICAN3_RX_BUFFERS; i++) {

		/* set the wrap bit on the last buffer */
		if (i == ICAN3_RX_BUFFERS - 1)
			desc.control |= DESC_WRAP;

		/* switch to the correct page */
		ican3_set_page(mod, mod->free_page);

		/* copy the descriptor to the DPM */
		dst = mod->dpm + addr;
		memcpy_toio(dst, &desc, sizeof(desc));
		addr += sizeof(desc);

		/* move to the next page if necessary */
		if (addr >= DPM_PAGE_SIZE) {
			addr = 0;
			mod->free_page++;
		}
	}

	/* make sure we page-align the next queue */
	if (addr != 0)
		mod->free_page++;

	/* save the start xmit page */
	mod->fasttx_start = mod->free_page;
	mod->fasttx_num = 0;

	/* build a single fast fromhost queue descriptor */
	memset(&desc, 0, sizeof(desc));
	desc.control = DESC_VALID;
	desc.command = 1;

	/* build the fromhost queue descriptor ring in memory */
	addr = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < ICAN3_TX_BUFFERS; i++) {

		/* set the wrap bit on the last buffer */
		if (i == ICAN3_TX_BUFFERS - 1)
			desc.control |= DESC_WRAP;

		/* switch to the correct page */
		ican3_set_page(mod, mod->free_page);

		/* copy the descriptor to the DPM */
		dst = mod->dpm + addr;
		memcpy_toio(dst, &desc, sizeof(desc));
		addr += sizeof(desc);

		/* move to the next page if necessary */
		if (addr >= DPM_PAGE_SIZE) {
			addr = 0;
			mod->free_page++;
		}
	}

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mod->lock, flags);
}

/*
 * ICAN3 "new-style" Host Interface Message Helpers
 */

/*
 * LOCKING: must hold mod->lock
 */
static int ican3_new_send_msg(struct ican3_dev *mod, struct ican3_msg *msg)
{
	struct ican3_new_desc desc;
	void __iomem *desc_addr = mod->dpm + (mod->tx_num * sizeof(desc));

	/* switch to the fromhost mid queue, and read the buffer descriptor */
	ican3_set_page(mod, QUEUE_FROMHOST_MID);
	memcpy_fromio(&desc, desc_addr, sizeof(desc));

	if (!(desc.control & DESC_VALID)) {
		netdev_dbg(mod->ndev, "%s: no free buffers\n", __func__);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	/* switch to the data page, copy the data */
	ican3_set_page(mod, desc.pointer);
	memcpy_toio(mod->dpm, msg, sizeof(*msg));

	/* switch back to the descriptor, set the valid bit, write it back */
	ican3_set_page(mod, QUEUE_FROMHOST_MID);
	desc.control ^= DESC_VALID;
	memcpy_toio(desc_addr, &desc, sizeof(desc));

	/* update the tx number */
	mod->tx_num = (desc.control & DESC_WRAP) ? 0 : (mod->tx_num + 1);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * LOCKING: must hold mod->lock
 */
static int ican3_new_recv_msg(struct ican3_dev *mod, struct ican3_msg *msg)
{
	struct ican3_new_desc desc;
	void __iomem *desc_addr = mod->dpm + (mod->rx_num * sizeof(desc));

	/* switch to the tohost queue, and read the buffer descriptor */
	ican3_set_page(mod, QUEUE_TOHOST);
	memcpy_fromio(&desc, desc_addr, sizeof(desc));

	if (!(desc.control & DESC_VALID)) {
		netdev_dbg(mod->ndev, "%s: no buffers to recv\n", __func__);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	/* switch to the data page, copy the data */
	ican3_set_page(mod, desc.pointer);
	memcpy_fromio(msg, mod->dpm, sizeof(*msg));

	/* switch back to the descriptor, toggle the valid bit, write it back */
	ican3_set_page(mod, QUEUE_TOHOST);
	desc.control ^= DESC_VALID;
	memcpy_toio(desc_addr, &desc, sizeof(desc));

	/* update the rx number */
	mod->rx_num = (desc.control & DESC_WRAP) ? 0 : (mod->rx_num + 1);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Message Send / Recv Helpers
 */

static int ican3_send_msg(struct ican3_dev *mod, struct ican3_msg *msg)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&mod->lock, flags);

	if (mod->iftype == 0)
		ret = ican3_old_send_msg(mod, msg);
	else
		ret = ican3_new_send_msg(mod, msg);

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mod->lock, flags);
	return ret;
}

static int ican3_recv_msg(struct ican3_dev *mod, struct ican3_msg *msg)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&mod->lock, flags);

	if (mod->iftype == 0)
		ret = ican3_old_recv_msg(mod, msg);
	else
		ret = ican3_new_recv_msg(mod, msg);

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mod->lock, flags);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * Quick Pre-constructed Messages
 */

static int ican3_msg_connect(struct ican3_dev *mod)
{
	struct ican3_msg msg;

	memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
	msg.spec = MSG_CONNECTI;
	msg.len = cpu_to_le16(0);

	return ican3_send_msg(mod, &msg);
}

static int ican3_msg_disconnect(struct ican3_dev *mod)
{
	struct ican3_msg msg;

	memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
	msg.spec = MSG_DISCONNECT;
	msg.len = cpu_to_le16(0);

	return ican3_send_msg(mod, &msg);
}

static int ican3_msg_newhostif(struct ican3_dev *mod)
{
	struct ican3_msg msg;
	int ret;

	memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
	msg.spec = MSG_NEWHOSTIF;
	msg.len = cpu_to_le16(0);

	/* If we're not using the old interface, switching seems bogus */
	WARN_ON(mod->iftype != 0);

	ret = ican3_send_msg(mod, &msg);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	/* mark the module as using the new host interface */
	mod->iftype = 1;
	return 0;
}

static int ican3_msg_fasthostif(struct ican3_dev *mod)
{
	struct ican3_msg msg;
	unsigned int addr;

	memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
	msg.spec = MSG_INITFDPMQUEUE;
	msg.len = cpu_to_le16(8);

	/* write the tohost queue start address */
	addr = DPM_PAGE_ADDR(mod->fastrx_start);
	msg.data[0] = addr & 0xff;
	msg.data[1] = (addr >> 8) & 0xff;
	msg.data[2] = (addr >> 16) & 0xff;
	msg.data[3] = (addr >> 24) & 0xff;

	/* write the fromhost queue start address */
	addr = DPM_PAGE_ADDR(mod->fasttx_start);
	msg.data[4] = addr & 0xff;
	msg.data[5] = (addr >> 8) & 0xff;
	msg.data[6] = (addr >> 16) & 0xff;
	msg.data[7] = (addr >> 24) & 0xff;

	/* If we're not using the new interface yet, we cannot do this */
	WARN_ON(mod->iftype != 1);

	return ican3_send_msg(mod, &msg);
}

/*
 * Setup the CAN filter to either accept or reject all
 * messages from the CAN bus.
 */
static int ican3_set_id_filter(struct ican3_dev *mod, bool accept)
{
	struct ican3_msg msg;
	int ret;

	/* Standard Frame Format */
	memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
	msg.spec = MSG_SETAFILMASK;
	msg.len = cpu_to_le16(5);
	msg.data[0] = 0x00; /* IDLo LSB */
	msg.data[1] = 0x00; /* IDLo MSB */
	msg.data[2] = 0xff; /* IDHi LSB */
	msg.data[3] = 0x07; /* IDHi MSB */

	/* accept all frames for fast host if, or reject all frames */
	msg.data[4] = accept ? SETAFILMASK_FASTIF : SETAFILMASK_REJECT;

	ret = ican3_send_msg(mod, &msg);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	/* Extended Frame Format */
	memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
	msg.spec = MSG_SETAFILMASK;
	msg.len = cpu_to_le16(13);
	msg.data[0] = 0;    /* MUX = 0 */
	msg.data[1] = 0x00; /* IDLo LSB */
	msg.data[2] = 0x00;
	msg.data[3] = 0x00;
	msg.data[4] = 0x20; /* IDLo MSB */
	msg.data[5] = 0xff; /* IDHi LSB */
	msg.data[6] = 0xff;
	msg.data[7] = 0xff;
	msg.data[8] = 0x3f; /* IDHi MSB */

	/* accept all frames for fast host if, or reject all frames */
	msg.data[9] = accept ? SETAFILMASK_FASTIF : SETAFILMASK_REJECT;

	return ican3_send_msg(mod, &msg);
}

/*
 * Bring the CAN bus online or offline
 */
static int ican3_set_bus_state(struct ican3_dev *mod, bool on)
{
	struct can_bittiming *bt = &mod->can.bittiming;
	struct ican3_msg msg;
	u8 btr0, btr1;
	int res;

	/* This algorithm was stolen from drivers/net/can/sja1000/sja1000.c      */
	/* The bittiming register command for the ICAN3 just sets the bit timing */
	/* registers on the SJA1000 chip directly                                */
	btr0 = ((bt->brp - 1) & 0x3f) | (((bt->sjw - 1) & 0x3) << 6);
	btr1 = ((bt->prop_seg + bt->phase_seg1 - 1) & 0xf) |
		(((bt->phase_seg2 - 1) & 0x7) << 4);
	if (mod->can.ctrlmode & CAN_CTRLMODE_3_SAMPLES)
		btr1 |= 0x80;

	if (mod->fwtype == ICAN3_FWTYPE_ICANOS) {
		if (on) {
			/* set bittiming */
			memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
			msg.spec = MSG_CBTRREQ;
			msg.len = cpu_to_le16(4);
			msg.data[0] = 0x00;
			msg.data[1] = 0x00;
			msg.data[2] = btr0;
			msg.data[3] = btr1;

			res = ican3_send_msg(mod, &msg);
			if (res)
				return res;
		}

		/* can-on/off request */
		memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
		msg.spec = on ? MSG_CONREQ : MSG_COFFREQ;
		msg.len = cpu_to_le16(0);

		return ican3_send_msg(mod, &msg);

	} else if (mod->fwtype == ICAN3_FWTYPE_CAL_CANOPEN) {
		/* bittiming + can-on/off request */
		memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
		msg.spec = MSG_LMTS;
		if (on) {
			msg.len = cpu_to_le16(4);
			msg.data[0] = LMTS_BUSON_REQ;
			msg.data[1] = 0;
			msg.data[2] = btr0;
			msg.data[3] = btr1;
		} else {
			msg.len = cpu_to_le16(2);
			msg.data[0] = LMTS_BUSOFF_REQ;
			msg.data[1] = 0;
		}
		res = ican3_send_msg(mod, &msg);
		if (res)
			return res;

		if (on) {
			/* create NMT Slave Node for error processing
			 *   class 2 (with error capability, see CiA/DS203-1)
			 *   id    1
			 *   name  locnod1 (must be exactly 7 bytes)
			 */
			memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
			msg.spec = MSG_NMTS;
			msg.len = cpu_to_le16(11);
			msg.data[0] = NMTS_CREATE_NODE_REQ;
			msg.data[1] = 0;
			msg.data[2] = 2;                 /* node class */
			msg.data[3] = 1;                 /* node id */
			strcpy(msg.data + 4, "locnod1"); /* node name  */
			return ican3_send_msg(mod, &msg);
		}
		return 0;
	}
	return -ENOTSUPP;
}

static int ican3_set_termination(struct ican3_dev *mod, bool on)
{
	struct ican3_msg msg;

	memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
	msg.spec = MSG_HWCONF;
	msg.len = cpu_to_le16(2);
	msg.data[0] = 0x00;
	msg.data[1] = on ? HWCONF_TERMINATE_ON : HWCONF_TERMINATE_OFF;

	return ican3_send_msg(mod, &msg);
}

static int ican3_send_inquiry(struct ican3_dev *mod, u8 subspec)
{
	struct ican3_msg msg;

	memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
	msg.spec = MSG_INQUIRY;
	msg.len = cpu_to_le16(2);
	msg.data[0] = subspec;
	msg.data[1] = 0x00;

	return ican3_send_msg(mod, &msg);
}

static int ican3_set_buserror(struct ican3_dev *mod, u8 quota)
{
	struct ican3_msg msg;

	if (mod->fwtype == ICAN3_FWTYPE_ICANOS) {
		memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
		msg.spec = MSG_CCONFREQ;
		msg.len = cpu_to_le16(2);
		msg.data[0] = 0x00;
		msg.data[1] = quota;
	} else if (mod->fwtype == ICAN3_FWTYPE_CAL_CANOPEN) {
		memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
		msg.spec = MSG_LMTS;
		msg.len = cpu_to_le16(4);
		msg.data[0] = LMTS_CAN_CONF_REQ;
		msg.data[1] = 0x00;
		msg.data[2] = 0x00;
		msg.data[3] = quota;
	} else {
		return -ENOTSUPP;
	}
	return ican3_send_msg(mod, &msg);
}

/*
 * ICAN3 to Linux CAN Frame Conversion
 */

static void ican3_to_can_frame(struct ican3_dev *mod,
			       struct ican3_fast_desc *desc,
			       struct can_frame *cf)
{
	if ((desc->command & ICAN3_CAN_TYPE_MASK) == ICAN3_CAN_TYPE_SFF) {
		if (desc->data[1] & ICAN3_SFF_RTR)
			cf->can_id |= CAN_RTR_FLAG;

		cf->can_id |= desc->data[0] << 3;
		cf->can_id |= (desc->data[1] & 0xe0) >> 5;
		cf->can_dlc = get_can_dlc(desc->data[1] & ICAN3_CAN_DLC_MASK);
		memcpy(cf->data, &desc->data[2], cf->can_dlc);
	} else {
		cf->can_dlc = get_can_dlc(desc->data[0] & ICAN3_CAN_DLC_MASK);
		if (desc->data[0] & ICAN3_EFF_RTR)
			cf->can_id |= CAN_RTR_FLAG;

		if (desc->data[0] & ICAN3_EFF) {
			cf->can_id |= CAN_EFF_FLAG;
			cf->can_id |= desc->data[2] << 21; /* 28-21 */
			cf->can_id |= desc->data[3] << 13; /* 20-13 */
			cf->can_id |= desc->data[4] << 5;  /* 12-5  */
			cf->can_id |= (desc->data[5] & 0xf8) >> 3;
		} else {
			cf->can_id |= desc->data[2] << 3;  /* 10-3  */
			cf->can_id |= desc->data[3] >> 5;  /* 2-0   */
		}

		memcpy(cf->data, &desc->data[6], cf->can_dlc);
	}
}

static void can_frame_to_ican3(struct ican3_dev *mod,
			       struct can_frame *cf,
			       struct ican3_fast_desc *desc)
{
	/* clear out any stale data in the descriptor */
	memset(desc->data, 0, sizeof(desc->data));

	/* we always use the extended format, with the ECHO flag set */
	desc->command = ICAN3_CAN_TYPE_EFF;
	desc->data[0] |= cf->can_dlc;
	desc->data[1] |= ICAN3_ECHO;

	/* support single transmission (no retries) mode */
	if (mod->can.ctrlmode & CAN_CTRLMODE_ONE_SHOT)
		desc->data[1] |= ICAN3_SNGL;

	if (cf->can_id & CAN_RTR_FLAG)
		desc->data[0] |= ICAN3_EFF_RTR;

	/* pack the id into the correct places */
	if (cf->can_id & CAN_EFF_FLAG) {
		desc->data[0] |= ICAN3_EFF;
		desc->data[2] = (cf->can_id & 0x1fe00000) >> 21; /* 28-21 */
		desc->data[3] = (cf->can_id & 0x001fe000) >> 13; /* 20-13 */
		desc->data[4] = (cf->can_id & 0x00001fe0) >> 5;  /* 12-5  */
		desc->data[5] = (cf->can_id & 0x0000001f) << 3;  /* 4-0   */
	} else {
		desc->data[2] = (cf->can_id & 0x7F8) >> 3; /* bits 10-3 */
		desc->data[3] = (cf->can_id & 0x007) << 5; /* bits 2-0  */
	}

	/* copy the data bits into the descriptor */
	memcpy(&desc->data[6], cf->data, cf->can_dlc);
}

/*
 * Interrupt Handling
 */

/*
 * Handle an ID + Version message response from the firmware. We never generate
 * this message in production code, but it is very useful when debugging to be
 * able to display this message.
 */
static void ican3_handle_idvers(struct ican3_dev *mod, struct ican3_msg *msg)
{
	netdev_dbg(mod->ndev, "IDVERS response: %s\n", msg->data);
}

static void ican3_handle_msglost(struct ican3_dev *mod, struct ican3_msg *msg)
{
	struct net_device *dev = mod->ndev;
	struct net_device_stats *stats = &dev->stats;
	struct can_frame *cf;
	struct sk_buff *skb;

	/*
	 * Report that communication messages with the microcontroller firmware
	 * are being lost. These are never CAN frames, so we do not generate an
	 * error frame for userspace
	 */
	if (msg->spec == MSG_MSGLOST) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "lost %d control messages\n", msg->data[0]);
		return;
	}

	/*
	 * Oops, this indicates that we have lost messages in the fast queue,
	 * which are exclusively CAN messages. Our driver isn't reading CAN
	 * frames fast enough.
	 *
	 * We'll pretend that the SJA1000 told us that it ran out of buffer
	 * space, because there is not a better message for this.
	 */
	skb = alloc_can_err_skb(dev, &cf);
	if (skb) {
		cf->can_id |= CAN_ERR_CRTL;
		cf->data[1] = CAN_ERR_CRTL_RX_OVERFLOW;
		stats->rx_over_errors++;
		stats->rx_errors++;
		netif_rx(skb);
	}
}

/*
 * Handle CAN Event Indication Messages from the firmware
 *
 * The ICAN3 firmware provides the values of some SJA1000 registers when it
 * generates this message. The code below is largely copied from the
 * drivers/net/can/sja1000/sja1000.c file, and adapted as necessary
 */
static int ican3_handle_cevtind(struct ican3_dev *mod, struct ican3_msg *msg)
{
	struct net_device *dev = mod->ndev;
	struct net_device_stats *stats = &dev->stats;
	enum can_state state = mod->can.state;
	u8 isrc, ecc, status, rxerr, txerr;
	struct can_frame *cf;
	struct sk_buff *skb;

	/* we can only handle the SJA1000 part */
	if (msg->data[1] != CEVTIND_CHIP_SJA1000) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "unable to handle errors on non-SJA1000\n");
		return -ENODEV;
	}

	/* check the message length for sanity */
	if (le16_to_cpu(msg->len) < 6) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "error message too short\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	isrc = msg->data[0];
	ecc = msg->data[2];
	status = msg->data[3];
	rxerr = msg->data[4];
	txerr = msg->data[5];

	/*
	 * This hardware lacks any support other than bus error messages to
	 * determine if packet transmission has failed.
	 *
	 * When TX errors happen, one echo skb needs to be dropped from the
	 * front of the queue.
	 *
	 * A small bit of code is duplicated here and below, to avoid error
	 * skb allocation when it will just be freed immediately.
	 */
	if (isrc == CEVTIND_BEI) {
		int ret;
		netdev_dbg(mod->ndev, "bus error interrupt\n");

		/* TX error */
		if (!(ecc & ECC_DIR)) {
			kfree_skb(skb_dequeue(&mod->echoq));
			stats->tx_errors++;
		} else {
			stats->rx_errors++;
		}

		/*
		 * The controller automatically disables bus-error interrupts
		 * and therefore we must re-enable them.
		 */
		ret = ican3_set_buserror(mod, 1);
		if (ret) {
			netdev_err(mod->ndev, "unable to re-enable bus-error\n");
			return ret;
		}

		/* bus error reporting is off, return immediately */
		if (!(mod->can.ctrlmode & CAN_CTRLMODE_BERR_REPORTING))
			return 0;
	}

	skb = alloc_can_err_skb(dev, &cf);
	if (skb == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;

	/* data overrun interrupt */
	if (isrc == CEVTIND_DOI || isrc == CEVTIND_LOST) {
		netdev_dbg(mod->ndev, "data overrun interrupt\n");
		cf->can_id |= CAN_ERR_CRTL;
		cf->data[1] = CAN_ERR_CRTL_RX_OVERFLOW;
		stats->rx_over_errors++;
		stats->rx_errors++;
	}

	/* error warning + passive interrupt */
	if (isrc == CEVTIND_EI) {
		netdev_dbg(mod->ndev, "error warning + passive interrupt\n");
		if (status & SR_BS) {
			state = CAN_STATE_BUS_OFF;
			cf->can_id |= CAN_ERR_BUSOFF;
			mod->can.can_stats.bus_off++;
			can_bus_off(dev);
		} else if (status & SR_ES) {
			if (rxerr >= 128 || txerr >= 128)
				state = CAN_STATE_ERROR_PASSIVE;
			else
				state = CAN_STATE_ERROR_WARNING;
		} else {
			state = CAN_STATE_ERROR_ACTIVE;
		}
	}

	/* bus error interrupt */
	if (isrc == CEVTIND_BEI) {
		mod->can.can_stats.bus_error++;
		cf->can_id |= CAN_ERR_PROT | CAN_ERR_BUSERROR;

		switch (ecc & ECC_MASK) {
		case ECC_BIT:
			cf->data[2] |= CAN_ERR_PROT_BIT;
			break;
		case ECC_FORM:
			cf->data[2] |= CAN_ERR_PROT_FORM;
			break;
		case ECC_STUFF:
			cf->data[2] |= CAN_ERR_PROT_STUFF;
			break;
		default:
			cf->data[3] = ecc & ECC_SEG;
			break;
		}

		if (!(ecc & ECC_DIR))
			cf->data[2] |= CAN_ERR_PROT_TX;

		cf->data[6] = txerr;
		cf->data[7] = rxerr;
	}

	if (state != mod->can.state && (state == CAN_STATE_ERROR_WARNING ||
					state == CAN_STATE_ERROR_PASSIVE)) {
		cf->can_id |= CAN_ERR_CRTL;
		if (state == CAN_STATE_ERROR_WARNING) {
			mod->can.can_stats.error_warning++;
			cf->data[1] = (txerr > rxerr) ?
				CAN_ERR_CRTL_TX_WARNING :
				CAN_ERR_CRTL_RX_WARNING;
		} else {
			mod->can.can_stats.error_passive++;
			cf->data[1] = (txerr > rxerr) ?
				CAN_ERR_CRTL_TX_PASSIVE :
				CAN_ERR_CRTL_RX_PASSIVE;
		}

		cf->data[6] = txerr;
		cf->data[7] = rxerr;
	}

	mod->can.state = state;
	netif_rx(skb);
	return 0;
}

static void ican3_handle_inquiry(struct ican3_dev *mod, struct ican3_msg *msg)
{
	switch (msg->data[0]) {
	case INQUIRY_STATUS:
	case INQUIRY_EXTENDED:
		mod->bec.rxerr = msg->data[5];
		mod->bec.txerr = msg->data[6];
		complete(&mod->buserror_comp);
		break;
	case INQUIRY_TERMINATION:
		mod->termination_enabled = msg->data[6] & HWCONF_TERMINATE_ON;
		complete(&mod->termination_comp);
		break;
	default:
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "received an unknown inquiry response\n");
		break;
	}
}

/* Handle NMTS Slave Event Indication Messages from the firmware */
static void ican3_handle_nmtsind(struct ican3_dev *mod, struct ican3_msg *msg)
{
	u16 subspec;

	subspec = msg->data[0] + msg->data[1] * 0x100;
	if (subspec == NMTS_SLAVE_EVENT_IND) {
		switch (msg->data[2]) {
		case NE_LOCAL_OCCURRED:
		case NE_LOCAL_RESOLVED:
			/* now follows the same message as Raw ICANOS CEVTIND
			 * shift the data at the same place and call this method
			 */
			le16_add_cpu(&msg->len, -3);
			memmove(msg->data, msg->data + 3, le16_to_cpu(msg->len));
			ican3_handle_cevtind(mod, msg);
			break;
		case NE_REMOTE_OCCURRED:
		case NE_REMOTE_RESOLVED:
			/* should not occurre, ignore */
			break;
		default:
			netdev_warn(mod->ndev, "unknown NMTS event indication %x\n",
				    msg->data[2]);
			break;
		}
	} else if (subspec == NMTS_SLAVE_STATE_IND) {
		/* ignore state indications */
	} else {
		netdev_warn(mod->ndev, "unhandled NMTS indication %x\n",
			    subspec);
		return;
	}
}

static void ican3_handle_unknown_message(struct ican3_dev *mod,
					struct ican3_msg *msg)
{
	netdev_warn(mod->ndev, "received unknown message: spec 0x%.2x length %d\n",
			   msg->spec, le16_to_cpu(msg->len));
}

/*
 * Handle a control message from the firmware
 */
static void ican3_handle_message(struct ican3_dev *mod, struct ican3_msg *msg)
{
	netdev_dbg(mod->ndev, "%s: modno %d spec 0x%.2x len %d bytes\n", __func__,
			   mod->num, msg->spec, le16_to_cpu(msg->len));

	switch (msg->spec) {
	case MSG_IDVERS:
		ican3_handle_idvers(mod, msg);
		break;
	case MSG_MSGLOST:
	case MSG_FMSGLOST:
		ican3_handle_msglost(mod, msg);
		break;
	case MSG_CEVTIND:
		ican3_handle_cevtind(mod, msg);
		break;
	case MSG_INQUIRY:
		ican3_handle_inquiry(mod, msg);
		break;
	case MSG_NMTS:
		ican3_handle_nmtsind(mod, msg);
		break;
	default:
		ican3_handle_unknown_message(mod, msg);
		break;
	}
}

/*
 * The ican3 needs to store all echo skbs, and therefore cannot
 * use the generic infrastructure for this.
 */
static void ican3_put_echo_skb(struct ican3_dev *mod, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	skb = can_create_echo_skb(skb);
	if (!skb)
		return;

	/* save this skb for tx interrupt echo handling */
	skb_queue_tail(&mod->echoq, skb);
}

static unsigned int ican3_get_echo_skb(struct ican3_dev *mod)
{
	struct sk_buff *skb = skb_dequeue(&mod->echoq);
	struct can_frame *cf;
	u8 dlc;

	/* this should never trigger unless there is a driver bug */
	if (!skb) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "BUG: echo skb not occupied\n");
		return 0;
	}

	cf = (struct can_frame *)skb->data;
	dlc = cf->can_dlc;

	/* check flag whether this packet has to be looped back */
	if (skb->pkt_type != PACKET_LOOPBACK) {
		kfree_skb(skb);
		return dlc;
	}

	skb->protocol = htons(ETH_P_CAN);
	skb->pkt_type = PACKET_BROADCAST;
	skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY;
	skb->dev = mod->ndev;
	netif_receive_skb(skb);
	return dlc;
}

/*
 * Compare an skb with an existing echo skb
 *
 * This function will be used on devices which have a hardware loopback.
 * On these devices, this function can be used to compare a received skb
 * with the saved echo skbs so that the hardware echo skb can be dropped.
 *
 * Returns true if the skb's are identical, false otherwise.
 */
static bool ican3_echo_skb_matches(struct ican3_dev *mod, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	struct can_frame *cf = (struct can_frame *)skb->data;
	struct sk_buff *echo_skb = skb_peek(&mod->echoq);
	struct can_frame *echo_cf;

	if (!echo_skb)
		return false;

	echo_cf = (struct can_frame *)echo_skb->data;
	if (cf->can_id != echo_cf->can_id)
		return false;

	if (cf->can_dlc != echo_cf->can_dlc)
		return false;

	return memcmp(cf->data, echo_cf->data, cf->can_dlc) == 0;
}

/*
 * Check that there is room in the TX ring to transmit another skb
 *
 * LOCKING: must hold mod->lock
 */
static bool ican3_txok(struct ican3_dev *mod)
{
	struct ican3_fast_desc __iomem *desc;
	u8 control;

	/* check that we have echo queue space */
	if (skb_queue_len(&mod->echoq) >= ICAN3_TX_BUFFERS)
		return false;

	/* copy the control bits of the descriptor */
	ican3_set_page(mod, mod->fasttx_start + (mod->fasttx_num / 16));
	desc = mod->dpm + ((mod->fasttx_num % 16) * sizeof(*desc));
	control = ioread8(&desc->control);

	/* if the control bits are not valid, then we have no more space */
	if (!(control & DESC_VALID))
		return false;

	return true;
}

/*
 * Receive one CAN frame from the hardware
 *
 * CONTEXT: must be called from user context
 */
static int ican3_recv_skb(struct ican3_dev *mod)
{
	struct net_device *ndev = mod->ndev;
	struct net_device_stats *stats = &ndev->stats;
	struct ican3_fast_desc desc;
	void __iomem *desc_addr;
	struct can_frame *cf;
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&mod->lock, flags);

	/* copy the whole descriptor */
	ican3_set_page(mod, mod->fastrx_start + (mod->fastrx_num / 16));
	desc_addr = mod->dpm + ((mod->fastrx_num % 16) * sizeof(desc));
	memcpy_fromio(&desc, desc_addr, sizeof(desc));

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mod->lock, flags);

	/* check that we actually have a CAN frame */
	if (!(desc.control & DESC_VALID))
		return -ENOBUFS;

	/* allocate an skb */
	skb = alloc_can_skb(ndev, &cf);
	if (unlikely(skb == NULL)) {
		stats->rx_dropped++;
		goto err_noalloc;
	}

	/* convert the ICAN3 frame into Linux CAN format */
	ican3_to_can_frame(mod, &desc, cf);

	/*
	 * If this is an ECHO frame received from the hardware loopback
	 * feature, use the skb saved in the ECHO stack instead. This allows
	 * the Linux CAN core to support CAN_RAW_RECV_OWN_MSGS correctly.
	 *
	 * Since this is a confirmation of a successfully transmitted packet
	 * sent from this host, update the transmit statistics.
	 *
	 * Also, the netdevice queue needs to be allowed to send packets again.
	 */
	if (ican3_echo_skb_matches(mod, skb)) {
		stats->tx_packets++;
		stats->tx_bytes += ican3_get_echo_skb(mod);
		kfree_skb(skb);
		goto err_noalloc;
	}

	/* update statistics, receive the skb */
	stats->rx_packets++;
	stats->rx_bytes += cf->can_dlc;
	netif_receive_skb(skb);

err_noalloc:
	/* toggle the valid bit and return the descriptor to the ring */
	desc.control ^= DESC_VALID;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&mod->lock, flags);

	ican3_set_page(mod, mod->fastrx_start + (mod->fastrx_num / 16));
	memcpy_toio(desc_addr, &desc, 1);

	/* update the next buffer pointer */
	mod->fastrx_num = (desc.control & DESC_WRAP) ? 0
						     : (mod->fastrx_num + 1);

	/* there are still more buffers to process */
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mod->lock, flags);
	return 0;
}

static int ican3_napi(struct napi_struct *napi, int budget)
{
	struct ican3_dev *mod = container_of(napi, struct ican3_dev, napi);
	unsigned long flags;
	int received = 0;
	int ret;

	/* process all communication messages */
	while (true) {
		struct ican3_msg msg;
		ret = ican3_recv_msg(mod, &msg);
		if (ret)
			break;

		ican3_handle_message(mod, &msg);
	}

	/* process all CAN frames from the fast interface */
	while (received < budget) {
		ret = ican3_recv_skb(mod);
		if (ret)
			break;

		received++;
	}

	/* We have processed all packets that the adapter had, but it
	 * was less than our budget, stop polling */
	if (received < budget)
		napi_complete_done(napi, received);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&mod->lock, flags);

	/* Wake up the transmit queue if necessary */
	if (netif_queue_stopped(mod->ndev) && ican3_txok(mod))
		netif_wake_queue(mod->ndev);

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mod->lock, flags);

	/* re-enable interrupt generation */
	iowrite8(1 << mod->num, &mod->ctrl->int_enable);
	return received;
}

static irqreturn_t ican3_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
	struct ican3_dev *mod = dev_id;
	u8 stat;

	/*
	 * The interrupt status register on this device reports interrupts
	 * as zeroes instead of using ones like most other devices
	 */
	stat = ioread8(&mod->ctrl->int_disable) & (1 << mod->num);
	if (stat == (1 << mod->num))
		return IRQ_NONE;

	/* clear the MODULbus interrupt from the microcontroller */
	ioread8(&mod->dpmctrl->interrupt);

	/* disable interrupt generation, schedule the NAPI poller */
	iowrite8(1 << mod->num, &mod->ctrl->int_disable);
	napi_schedule(&mod->napi);
	return IRQ_HANDLED;
}

/*
 * Firmware reset, startup, and shutdown
 */

/*
 * Reset an ICAN module to its power-on state
 *
 * CONTEXT: no network device registered
 */
static int ican3_reset_module(struct ican3_dev *mod)
{
	unsigned long start;
	u8 runold, runnew;

	/* disable interrupts so no more work is scheduled */
	iowrite8(1 << mod->num, &mod->ctrl->int_disable);

	/* the first unallocated page in the DPM is #9 */
	mod->free_page = DPM_FREE_START;

	ican3_set_page(mod, QUEUE_OLD_CONTROL);
	runold = ioread8(mod->dpm + TARGET_RUNNING);

	/* reset the module */
	iowrite8(0x00, &mod->dpmctrl->hwreset);

	/* wait until the module has finished resetting and is running */
	start = jiffies;
	do {
		ican3_set_page(mod, QUEUE_OLD_CONTROL);
		runnew = ioread8(mod->dpm + TARGET_RUNNING);
		if (runnew == (runold ^ 0xff))
			return 0;

		msleep(10);
	} while (time_before(jiffies, start + HZ / 2));

	netdev_err(mod->ndev, "failed to reset CAN module\n");
	return -ETIMEDOUT;
}

static void ican3_shutdown_module(struct ican3_dev *mod)
{
	ican3_msg_disconnect(mod);
	ican3_reset_module(mod);
}

/*
 * Startup an ICAN module, bringing it into fast mode
 */
static int ican3_startup_module(struct ican3_dev *mod)
{
	int ret;

	ret = ican3_reset_module(mod);
	if (ret) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "unable to reset module\n");
		return ret;
	}

	/* detect firmware */
	memcpy_fromio(mod->fwinfo, mod->dpm + FIRMWARE_STAMP, sizeof(mod->fwinfo) - 1);
	if (strncmp(mod->fwinfo, "JANZ-ICAN3", 10)) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "ICAN3 not detected (found %s)\n", mod->fwinfo);
		return -ENODEV;
	}
	if (strstr(mod->fwinfo, "CAL/CANopen"))
		mod->fwtype = ICAN3_FWTYPE_CAL_CANOPEN;
	else
		mod->fwtype = ICAN3_FWTYPE_ICANOS;

	/* re-enable interrupts so we can send messages */
	iowrite8(1 << mod->num, &mod->ctrl->int_enable);

	ret = ican3_msg_connect(mod);
	if (ret) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "unable to connect to module\n");
		return ret;
	}

	ican3_init_new_host_interface(mod);
	ret = ican3_msg_newhostif(mod);
	if (ret) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "unable to switch to new-style interface\n");
		return ret;
	}

	/* default to "termination on" */
	ret = ican3_set_termination(mod, true);
	if (ret) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "unable to enable termination\n");
		return ret;
	}

	/* default to "bus errors enabled" */
	ret = ican3_set_buserror(mod, 1);
	if (ret) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "unable to set bus-error\n");
		return ret;
	}

	ican3_init_fast_host_interface(mod);
	ret = ican3_msg_fasthostif(mod);
	if (ret) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "unable to switch to fast host interface\n");
		return ret;
	}

	ret = ican3_set_id_filter(mod, true);
	if (ret) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "unable to set acceptance filter\n");
		return ret;
	}

	return 0;
}

/*
 * CAN Network Device
 */

static int ican3_open(struct net_device *ndev)
{
	struct ican3_dev *mod = netdev_priv(ndev);
	int ret;

	/* open the CAN layer */
	ret = open_candev(ndev);
	if (ret) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "unable to start CAN layer\n");
		return ret;
	}

	/* bring the bus online */
	ret = ican3_set_bus_state(mod, true);
	if (ret) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "unable to set bus-on\n");
		close_candev(ndev);
		return ret;
	}

	/* start up the network device */
	mod->can.state = CAN_STATE_ERROR_ACTIVE;
	netif_start_queue(ndev);

	return 0;
}

static int ican3_stop(struct net_device *ndev)
{
	struct ican3_dev *mod = netdev_priv(ndev);
	int ret;

	/* stop the network device xmit routine */
	netif_stop_queue(ndev);
	mod->can.state = CAN_STATE_STOPPED;

	/* bring the bus offline, stop receiving packets */
	ret = ican3_set_bus_state(mod, false);
	if (ret) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "unable to set bus-off\n");
		return ret;
	}

	/* drop all outstanding echo skbs */
	skb_queue_purge(&mod->echoq);

	/* close the CAN layer */
	close_candev(ndev);
	return 0;
}

static netdev_tx_t ican3_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *ndev)
{
	struct ican3_dev *mod = netdev_priv(ndev);
	struct can_frame *cf = (struct can_frame *)skb->data;
	struct ican3_fast_desc desc;
	void __iomem *desc_addr;
	unsigned long flags;

	if (can_dropped_invalid_skb(ndev, skb))
		return NETDEV_TX_OK;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&mod->lock, flags);

	/* check that we can actually transmit */
	if (!ican3_txok(mod)) {
		netdev_err(mod->ndev, "BUG: no free descriptors\n");
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mod->lock, flags);
		return NETDEV_TX_BUSY;
	}

	/* copy the control bits of the descriptor */
	ican3_set_page(mod, mod->fasttx_start + (mod->fasttx_num / 16));
	desc_addr = mod->dpm + ((mod->fasttx_num % 16) * sizeof(desc));
	memset(&desc, 0, sizeof(desc));
	memcpy_fromio(&desc, desc_addr, 1);

	/* convert the Linux CAN frame into ICAN3 format */
	can_frame_to_ican3(mod, cf, &desc);

	/*
	 * This hardware doesn't have TX-done notifications, so we'll try and
	 * emulate it the best we can using ECHO skbs. Add the skb to the ECHO
	 * stack. Upon packet reception, check if the ECHO skb and received
	 * skb match, and use that to wake the queue.
	 */
	ican3_put_echo_skb(mod, skb);

	/*
	 * the programming manual says that you must set the IVALID bit, then
	 * interrupt, then set the valid bit. Quite weird, but it seems to be
	 * required for this to work
	 */
	desc.control |= DESC_IVALID;
	memcpy_toio(desc_addr, &desc, sizeof(desc));

	/* generate a MODULbus interrupt to the microcontroller */
	iowrite8(0x01, &mod->dpmctrl->interrupt);

	desc.control ^= DESC_VALID;
	memcpy_toio(desc_addr, &desc, sizeof(desc));

	/* update the next buffer pointer */
	mod->fasttx_num = (desc.control & DESC_WRAP) ? 0
						     : (mod->fasttx_num + 1);

	/* if there is no free descriptor space, stop the transmit queue */
	if (!ican3_txok(mod))
		netif_stop_queue(ndev);

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mod->lock, flags);
	return NETDEV_TX_OK;
}

static const struct net_device_ops ican3_netdev_ops = {
	.ndo_open	= ican3_open,
	.ndo_stop	= ican3_stop,
	.ndo_start_xmit	= ican3_xmit,
	.ndo_change_mtu = can_change_mtu,
};

/*
 * Low-level CAN Device
 */

/* This structure was stolen from drivers/net/can/sja1000/sja1000.c */
static const struct can_bittiming_const ican3_bittiming_const = {
	.name = DRV_NAME,
	.tseg1_min = 1,
	.tseg1_max = 16,
	.tseg2_min = 1,
	.tseg2_max = 8,
	.sjw_max = 4,
	.brp_min = 1,
	.brp_max = 64,
	.brp_inc = 1,
};

static int ican3_set_mode(struct net_device *ndev, enum can_mode mode)
{
	struct ican3_dev *mod = netdev_priv(ndev);
	int ret;

	if (mode != CAN_MODE_START)
		return -ENOTSUPP;

	/* bring the bus online */
	ret = ican3_set_bus_state(mod, true);
	if (ret) {
		netdev_err(ndev, "unable to set bus-on\n");
		return ret;
	}

	/* start up the network device */
	mod->can.state = CAN_STATE_ERROR_ACTIVE;

	if (netif_queue_stopped(ndev))
		netif_wake_queue(ndev);

	return 0;
}

static int ican3_get_berr_counter(const struct net_device *ndev,
				  struct can_berr_counter *bec)
{
	struct ican3_dev *mod = netdev_priv(ndev);
	int ret;

	ret = ican3_send_inquiry(mod, INQUIRY_STATUS);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	if (!wait_for_completion_timeout(&mod->buserror_comp, HZ)) {
		netdev_info(mod->ndev, "%s timed out\n", __func__);
		return -ETIMEDOUT;
	}

	bec->rxerr = mod->bec.rxerr;
	bec->txerr = mod->bec.txerr;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Sysfs Attributes
 */

static ssize_t ican3_sysfs_show_term(struct device *dev,
				     struct device_attribute *attr,
				     char *buf)
{
	struct ican3_dev *mod = netdev_priv(to_net_dev(dev));
	int ret;

	ret = ican3_send_inquiry(mod, INQUIRY_TERMINATION);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	if (!wait_for_completion_timeout(&mod->termination_comp, HZ)) {
		netdev_info(mod->ndev, "%s timed out\n", __func__);
		return -ETIMEDOUT;
	}

	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%u\n", mod->termination_enabled);
}

static ssize_t ican3_sysfs_set_term(struct device *dev,
				    struct device_attribute *attr,
				    const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	struct ican3_dev *mod = netdev_priv(to_net_dev(dev));
	unsigned long enable;
	int ret;

	if (kstrtoul(buf, 0, &enable))
		return -EINVAL;

	ret = ican3_set_termination(mod, enable);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	return count;
}

static ssize_t ican3_sysfs_show_fwinfo(struct device *dev,
				       struct device_attribute *attr,
				       char *buf)
{
	struct ican3_dev *mod = netdev_priv(to_net_dev(dev));

	return scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%s\n", mod->fwinfo);
}

static DEVICE_ATTR(termination, 0644, ican3_sysfs_show_term,
		   ican3_sysfs_set_term);
static DEVICE_ATTR(fwinfo, 0444, ican3_sysfs_show_fwinfo, NULL);

static struct attribute *ican3_sysfs_attrs[] = {
	&dev_attr_termination.attr,
	&dev_attr_fwinfo.attr,
	NULL,
};

static const struct attribute_group ican3_sysfs_attr_group = {
	.attrs = ican3_sysfs_attrs,
};

/*
 * PCI Subsystem
 */

static int ican3_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
	struct janz_platform_data *pdata;
	struct net_device *ndev;
	struct ican3_dev *mod;
	struct resource *res;
	struct device *dev;
	int ret;

	pdata = dev_get_platdata(&pdev->dev);
	if (!pdata)
		return -ENXIO;

	dev_dbg(&pdev->dev, "probe: module number %d\n", pdata->modno);

	/* save the struct device for printing */
	dev = &pdev->dev;

	/* allocate the CAN device and private data */
	ndev = alloc_candev(sizeof(*mod), 0);
	if (!ndev) {
		dev_err(dev, "unable to allocate CANdev\n");
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto out_return;
	}

	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, ndev);
	mod = netdev_priv(ndev);
	mod->ndev = ndev;
	mod->num = pdata->modno;
	netif_napi_add(ndev, &mod->napi, ican3_napi, ICAN3_RX_BUFFERS);
	skb_queue_head_init(&mod->echoq);
	spin_lock_init(&mod->lock);
	init_completion(&mod->termination_comp);
	init_completion(&mod->buserror_comp);

	/* setup device-specific sysfs attributes */
	ndev->sysfs_groups[0] = &ican3_sysfs_attr_group;

	/* the first unallocated page in the DPM is 9 */
	mod->free_page = DPM_FREE_START;

	ndev->netdev_ops = &ican3_netdev_ops;
	ndev->flags |= IFF_ECHO;
	SET_NETDEV_DEV(ndev, &pdev->dev);

	mod->can.clock.freq = ICAN3_CAN_CLOCK;
	mod->can.bittiming_const = &ican3_bittiming_const;
	mod->can.do_set_mode = ican3_set_mode;
	mod->can.do_get_berr_counter = ican3_get_berr_counter;
	mod->can.ctrlmode_supported = CAN_CTRLMODE_3_SAMPLES
				    | CAN_CTRLMODE_BERR_REPORTING
				    | CAN_CTRLMODE_ONE_SHOT;

	/* find our IRQ number */
	mod->irq = platform_get_irq(pdev, 0);
	if (mod->irq < 0) {
		ret = -ENODEV;
		goto out_free_ndev;
	}

	ndev->irq = mod->irq;

	/* get access to the MODULbus registers for this module */
	res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
	if (!res) {
		dev_err(dev, "MODULbus registers not found\n");
		ret = -ENODEV;
		goto out_free_ndev;
	}

	mod->dpm = ioremap(res->start, resource_size(res));
	if (!mod->dpm) {
		dev_err(dev, "MODULbus registers not ioremap\n");
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto out_free_ndev;
	}

	mod->dpmctrl = mod->dpm + DPM_PAGE_SIZE;

	/* get access to the control registers for this module */
	res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 1);
	if (!res) {
		dev_err(dev, "CONTROL registers not found\n");
		ret = -ENODEV;
		goto out_iounmap_dpm;
	}

	mod->ctrl = ioremap(res->start, resource_size(res));
	if (!mod->ctrl) {
		dev_err(dev, "CONTROL registers not ioremap\n");
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto out_iounmap_dpm;
	}

	/* disable our IRQ, then hookup the IRQ handler */
	iowrite8(1 << mod->num, &mod->ctrl->int_disable);
	ret = request_irq(mod->irq, ican3_irq, IRQF_SHARED, DRV_NAME, mod);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(dev, "unable to request IRQ\n");
		goto out_iounmap_ctrl;
	}

	/* reset and initialize the CAN controller into fast mode */
	napi_enable(&mod->napi);
	ret = ican3_startup_module(mod);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(dev, "%s: unable to start CANdev\n", __func__);
		goto out_free_irq;
	}

	/* register with the Linux CAN layer */
	ret = register_candev(ndev);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(dev, "%s: unable to register CANdev\n", __func__);
		goto out_free_irq;
	}

	netdev_info(mod->ndev, "module %d: registered CAN device\n", pdata->modno);
	return 0;

out_free_irq:
	napi_disable(&mod->napi);
	iowrite8(1 << mod->num, &mod->ctrl->int_disable);
	free_irq(mod->irq, mod);
out_iounmap_ctrl:
	iounmap(mod->ctrl);
out_iounmap_dpm:
	iounmap(mod->dpm);
out_free_ndev:
	free_candev(ndev);
out_return:
	return ret;
}

static int ican3_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
	struct net_device *ndev = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
	struct ican3_dev *mod = netdev_priv(ndev);

	/* unregister the netdevice, stop interrupts */
	unregister_netdev(ndev);
	napi_disable(&mod->napi);
	iowrite8(1 << mod->num, &mod->ctrl->int_disable);
	free_irq(mod->irq, mod);

	/* put the module into reset */
	ican3_shutdown_module(mod);

	/* unmap all registers */
	iounmap(mod->ctrl);
	iounmap(mod->dpm);

	free_candev(ndev);

	return 0;
}

static struct platform_driver ican3_driver = {
	.driver		= {
		.name	= DRV_NAME,
	},
	.probe		= ican3_probe,
	.remove		= ican3_remove,
};

module_platform_driver(ican3_driver);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Ira W. Snyder <iws@ovro.caltech.edu>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Janz MODULbus VMOD-ICAN3 Driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_ALIAS("platform:janz-ican3"