// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
/*

 * l1oip.c  low level driver for tunneling layer 1 over IP
 *
 * NOTE: It is not compatible with TDMoIP nor "ISDN over IP".
 *
 * Author	Andreas Eversberg (jolly@eversberg.eu)
 */

/* module parameters:
 * type:
 Value 1	= BRI
 Value 2	= PRI
 Value 3 = BRI (multi channel frame, not supported yet)
 Value 4 = PRI (multi channel frame, not supported yet)
 A multi channel frame reduces overhead to a single frame for all
 b-channels, but increases delay.
 (NOTE: Multi channel frames are not implemented yet.)

 * codec:
 Value 0 = transparent (default)
 Value 1 = transfer ALAW
 Value 2 = transfer ULAW
 Value 3 = transfer generic 4 bit compression.

 * ulaw:
 0 = we use a-Law (default)
 1 = we use u-Law

 * limit:
 limitation of B-channels to control bandwidth (1...126)
 BRI: 1 or 2
 PRI: 1-30, 31-126 (126, because dchannel ist not counted here)
 Also limited ressources are used for stack, resulting in less channels.
 It is possible to have more channels than 30 in PRI mode, this must
 be supported by the application.

 * ip:
 byte representation of remote ip address (127.0.0.1 -> 127,0,0,1)
 If not given or four 0, no remote address is set.
 For multiple interfaces, concat ip addresses. (127,0,0,1,127,0,0,1)

 * port:
 port number (local interface)
 If not given or 0, port 931 is used for fist instance, 932 for next...
 For multiple interfaces, different ports must be given.

 * remoteport:
 port number (remote interface)
 If not given or 0, remote port equals local port
 For multiple interfaces on equal sites, different ports must be given.

 * ondemand:
 0 = fixed (always transmit packets, even when remote side timed out)
 1 = on demand (only transmit packets, when remote side is detected)
 the default is 0
 NOTE: ID must also be set for on demand.

 * id:
 optional value to identify frames. This value must be equal on both
 peers and should be random. If omitted or 0, no ID is transmitted.

 * debug:
 NOTE: only one debug value must be given for all cards
 enable debugging (see l1oip.h for debug options)


 Special mISDN controls:

 op = MISDN_CTRL_SETPEER*
 p1 = bytes 0-3 : remote IP address in network order (left element first)
 p2 = bytes 1-2 : remote port in network order (high byte first)
 optional:
 p2 = bytes 3-4 : local port in network order (high byte first)

 op = MISDN_CTRL_UNSETPEER*

 * Use l1oipctrl for comfortable setting or removing ip address.
 (Layer 1 Over IP CTRL)


 L1oIP-Protocol
 --------------

 Frame Header:

 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
 +---------------+
 |Ver|T|I|Coding |
 +---------------+
 |  ID byte 3 *  |
 +---------------+
 |  ID byte 2 *  |
 +---------------+
 |  ID byte 1 *  |
 +---------------+
 |  ID byte 0 *  |
 +---------------+
 |M|   Channel   |
 +---------------+
 |    Length *   |
 +---------------+
 | Time Base MSB |
 +---------------+
 | Time Base LSB |
 +---------------+
 | Data....	|

 ...

 |               |
 +---------------+
 |M|   Channel   |
 +---------------+
 |    Length *   |
 +---------------+
 | Time Base MSB |
 +---------------+
 | Time Base LSB |
 +---------------+
 | Data....	|

 ...


 * Only included in some cases.

 - Ver = Version
 If version is missmatch, the frame must be ignored.

 - T = Type of interface
 Must be 0 for S0 or 1 for E1.

 - I = Id present
 If bit is set, four ID bytes are included in frame.

 - ID = Connection ID
 Additional ID to prevent Denial of Service attacs. Also it prevents hijacking
 connections with dynamic IP. The ID should be random and must not be 0.

 - Coding = Type of codec
 Must be 0 for no transcoding. Also for D-channel and other HDLC frames.
 1 and 2 are reserved for explicitly use of a-LAW or u-LAW codec.
 3 is used for generic table compressor.

 - M = More channels to come. If this flag is 1, the following byte contains
 the length of the channel data. After the data block, the next channel will
 be defined. The flag for the last channel block (or if only one channel is
 transmitted), must be 0 and no length is given.

 - Channel = Channel number
 0 reserved
 1-3 channel data for S0 (3 is D-channel)
 1-31 channel data for E1 (16 is D-channel)
 32-127 channel data for extended E1 (16 is D-channel)

 - The length is used if the M-flag is 1. It is used to find the next channel
 inside frame.
 NOTE: A value of 0 equals 256 bytes of data.
 -> For larger data blocks, a single frame must be used.
 -> For larger streams, a single frame or multiple blocks with same channel ID
 must be used.

 - Time Base = Timestamp of first sample in frame
 The "Time Base" is used to rearange packets and to detect packet loss.
 The 16 bits are sent in network order (MSB first) and count 1/8000 th of a
 second. This causes a wrap around each 8,192 seconds. There is no requirement
 for the initial "Time Base", but 0 should be used for the first packet.
 In case of HDLC data, this timestamp counts the packet or byte number.


 Two Timers:

 After initialisation, a timer of 15 seconds is started. Whenever a packet is
 transmitted, the timer is reset to 15 seconds again. If the timer expires, an
 empty packet is transmitted. This keep the connection alive.

 When a valid packet is received, a timer 65 seconds is started. The interface
 become ACTIVE. If the timer expires, the interface becomes INACTIVE.


 Dynamic IP handling:

 To allow dynamic IP, the ID must be non 0. In this case, any packet with the
 correct port number and ID will be accepted. If the remote side changes its IP
 the new IP is used for all transmitted packets until it changes again.


 On Demand:

 If the ondemand parameter is given, the remote IP is set to 0 on timeout.
 This will stop keepalive traffic to remote. If the remote is online again,
 traffic will continue to the remote address. This is useful for road warriors.
 This feature only works with ID set, otherwhise it is highly unsecure.


 Socket and Thread
 -----------------

 The complete socket opening and closing is done by a thread.
 When the thread opened a socket, the hc->socket descriptor is set. Whenever a
 packet shall be sent to the socket, the hc->socket must be checked wheter not
 NULL. To prevent change in socket descriptor, the hc->socket_lock must be used.
 To change the socket, a recall of l1oip_socket_open() will safely kill the
 socket process and create a new one.

*/

#define L1OIP_VERSION	0	/* 0...3 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/mISDNif.h>
#include <linux/mISDNhw.h>
#include <linux/mISDNdsp.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/in.h>
#include <linux/inet.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/sched/signal.h>

#include <net/sock.h>
#include "core.h"
#include "l1oip.h"

static const char *l1oip_revision = "2.00";

static int l1oip_cnt;
static spinlock_t l1oip_lock;
static struct list_head l1oip_ilist;

#define MAX_CARDS	16
static u_int type[MAX_CARDS];
static u_int codec[MAX_CARDS];
static u_int ip[MAX_CARDS * 4];
static u_int port[MAX_CARDS];
static u_int remoteport[MAX_CARDS];
static u_int ondemand[MAX_CARDS];
static u_int limit[MAX_CARDS];
static u_int id[MAX_CARDS];
static int debug;
static int ulaw;

MODULE_AUTHOR("Andreas Eversberg");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
module_param_array(type, uint, NULL, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
module_param_array(codec, uint, NULL, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
module_param_array(ip, uint, NULL, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
module_param_array(port, uint, NULL, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
module_param_array(remoteport, uint, NULL, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
module_param_array(ondemand, uint, NULL, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
module_param_array(limit, uint, NULL, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
module_param_array(id, uint, NULL, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
module_param(ulaw, uint, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
module_param(debug, uint, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);

/*
 * send a frame via socket, if open and restart timer
 */
static int
l1oip_socket_send(struct l1oip *hc, u8 localcodec, u8 channel, u32 chanmask,
		  u16 timebase, u8 *buf, int len)
{
	u8 *p;
	u8 frame[MAX_DFRAME_LEN_L1 + 32];
	struct socket *socket = NULL;

	if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: sending data to socket (len = %d)\n",
		       __func__, len);

	p = frame;

	/* restart timer */
	if (time_before(hc->keep_tl.expires, jiffies + 5 * HZ))
		mod_timer(&hc->keep_tl, jiffies + L1OIP_KEEPALIVE * HZ);
	else
		hc->keep_tl.expires = jiffies + L1OIP_KEEPALIVE * HZ;

	if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: resetting timer\n", __func__);

	/* drop if we have no remote ip or port */
	if (!hc->sin_remote.sin_addr.s_addr || !hc->sin_remote.sin_port) {
		if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG)
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: dropping frame, because remote "
			       "IP is not set.\n", __func__);
		return len;
	}

	/* assemble frame */
	*p++ = (L1OIP_VERSION << 6) /* version and coding */
		| (hc->pri ? 0x20 : 0x00) /* type */
		| (hc->id ? 0x10 : 0x00) /* id */
		| localcodec;
	if (hc->id) {
		*p++ = hc->id >> 24; /* id */
		*p++ = hc->id >> 16;
		*p++ = hc->id >> 8;
		*p++ = hc->id;
	}
	*p++ =  0x00 + channel; /* m-flag, channel */
	*p++ = timebase >> 8; /* time base */
	*p++ = timebase;

	if (buf && len) { /* add data to frame */
		if (localcodec == 1 && ulaw)
			l1oip_ulaw_to_alaw(buf, len, p);
		else if (localcodec == 2 && !ulaw)
			l1oip_alaw_to_ulaw(buf, len, p);
		else if (localcodec == 3)
			len = l1oip_law_to_4bit(buf, len, p,
						&hc->chan[channel].codecstate);
		else
			memcpy(p, buf, len);
	}
	len += p - frame;

	/* check for socket in safe condition */
	spin_lock(&hc->socket_lock);
	if (!hc->socket) {
		spin_unlock(&hc->socket_lock);
		return 0;
	}
	/* seize socket */
	socket = hc->socket;
	hc->socket = NULL;
	spin_unlock(&hc->socket_lock);
	/* send packet */
	if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: sending packet to socket (len "
		       "= %d)\n", __func__, len);
	hc->sendiov.iov_base = frame;
	hc->sendiov.iov_len  = len;
	len = kernel_sendmsg(socket, &hc->sendmsg, &hc->sendiov, 1, len);
	/* give socket back */
	hc->socket = socket; /* no locking required */

	return len;
}


/*
 * receive channel data from socket
 */
static void
l1oip_socket_recv(struct l1oip *hc, u8 remotecodec, u8 channel, u16 timebase,
		  u8 *buf, int len)
{
	struct sk_buff *nskb;
	struct bchannel *bch;
	struct dchannel *dch;
	u8 *p;
	u32 rx_counter;

	if (len == 0) {
		if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG)
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: received empty keepalive data, "
			       "ignoring\n", __func__);
		return;
	}

	if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: received data, sending to mISDN (%d)\n",
		       __func__, len);

	if (channel < 1 || channel > 127) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: packet error - channel %d out of "
		       "range\n", __func__, channel);
		return;
	}
	dch = hc->chan[channel].dch;
	bch = hc->chan[channel].bch;
	if (!dch && !bch) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: packet error - channel %d not in "
		       "stack\n", __func__, channel);
		return;
	}

	/* prepare message */
	nskb = mI_alloc_skb((remotecodec == 3) ? (len << 1) : len, GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!nskb) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "%s: No mem for skb.\n", __func__);
		return;
	}
	p = skb_put(nskb, (remotecodec == 3) ? (len << 1) : len);

	if (remotecodec == 1 && ulaw)
		l1oip_alaw_to_ulaw(buf, len, p);
	else if (remotecodec == 2 && !ulaw)
		l1oip_ulaw_to_alaw(buf, len, p);
	else if (remotecodec == 3)
		len = l1oip_4bit_to_law(buf, len, p);
	else
		memcpy(p, buf, len);

	/* send message up */
	if (dch && len >= 2) {
		dch->rx_skb = nskb;
		recv_Dchannel(dch);
	}
	if (bch) {
		/* expand 16 bit sequence number to 32 bit sequence number */
		rx_counter = hc->chan[channel].rx_counter;
		if (((s16)(timebase - rx_counter)) >= 0) {
			/* time has changed forward */
			if (timebase >= (rx_counter & 0xffff))
				rx_counter =
					(rx_counter & 0xffff0000) | timebase;
			else
				rx_counter = ((rx_counter & 0xffff0000) + 0x10000)
					| timebase;
		} else {
			/* time has changed backwards */
			if (timebase < (rx_counter & 0xffff))
				rx_counter =
					(rx_counter & 0xffff0000) | timebase;
			else
				rx_counter = ((rx_counter & 0xffff0000) - 0x10000)
					| timebase;
		}
		hc->chan[channel].rx_counter = rx_counter;

#ifdef REORDER_DEBUG
		if (hc->chan[channel].disorder_flag) {
			swap(hc->chan[channel].disorder_skb, nskb);
			swap(hc->chan[channel].disorder_cnt, rx_counter);
		}
		hc->chan[channel].disorder_flag ^= 1;
		if (nskb)
#endif
			queue_ch_frame(&bch->ch, PH_DATA_IND, rx_counter, nskb);
	}
}


/*
 * parse frame and extract channel data
 */
static void
l1oip_socket_parse(struct l1oip *hc, struct sockaddr_in *sin, u8 *buf, int len)
{
	u32			packet_id;
	u8			channel;
	u8			remotecodec;
	u16			timebase;
	int			m, mlen;
	int			len_start = len; /* initial frame length */
	struct dchannel		*dch = hc->chan[hc->d_idx].dch;

	if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: received frame, parsing... (%d)\n",
		       __func__, len);

	/* check length */
	if (len < 1 + 1 + 2) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: packet error - length %d below "
		       "4 bytes\n", __func__, len);
		return;
	}

	/* check version */
	if (((*buf) >> 6) != L1OIP_VERSION) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: packet error - unknown version %d\n",
		       __func__, buf[0]>>6);
		return;
	}

	/* check type */
	if (((*buf) & 0x20) && !hc->pri) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: packet error - received E1 packet "
		       "on S0 interface\n", __func__);
		return;
	}
	if (!((*buf) & 0x20) && hc->pri) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: packet error - received S0 packet "
		       "on E1 interface\n", __func__);
		return;
	}

	/* get id flag */
	packet_id = (*buf >> 4) & 1;

	/* check coding */
	remotecodec = (*buf) & 0x0f;
	if (remotecodec > 3) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: packet error - remotecodec %d "
		       "unsupported\n", __func__, remotecodec);
		return;
	}
	buf++;
	len--;

	/* check packet_id */
	if (packet_id) {
		if (!hc->id) {
			printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: packet error - packet has id "
			       "0x%x, but we have not\n", __func__, packet_id);
			return;
		}
		if (len < 4) {
			printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: packet error - packet too "
			       "short for ID value\n", __func__);
			return;
		}
		packet_id = (*buf++) << 24;
		packet_id += (*buf++) << 16;
		packet_id += (*buf++) << 8;
		packet_id += (*buf++);
		len -= 4;

		if (packet_id != hc->id) {
			printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: packet error - ID mismatch, "
			       "got 0x%x, we 0x%x\n",
			       __func__, packet_id, hc->id);
			return;
		}
	} else {
		if (hc->id) {
			printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: packet error - packet has no "
			       "ID, but we have\n", __func__);
			return;
		}
	}

multiframe:
	if (len < 1) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: packet error - packet too short, "
		       "channel expected at position %d.\n",
		       __func__, len-len_start + 1);
		return;
	}

	/* get channel and multiframe flag */
	channel = *buf & 0x7f;
	m = *buf >> 7;
	buf++;
	len--;

	/* check length on multiframe */
	if (m) {
		if (len < 1) {
			printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: packet error - packet too "
			       "short, length expected at position %d.\n",
			       __func__, len_start - len - 1);
			return;
		}

		mlen = *buf++;
		len--;
		if (mlen == 0)
			mlen = 256;
		if (len < mlen + 3) {
			printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: packet error - length %d at "
			       "position %d exceeds total length %d.\n",
			       __func__, mlen, len_start-len - 1, len_start);
			return;
		}
		if (len == mlen + 3) {
			printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: packet error - length %d at "
			       "position %d will not allow additional "
			       "packet.\n",
			       __func__, mlen, len_start-len + 1);
			return;
		}
	} else
		mlen = len - 2; /* single frame, subtract timebase */

	if (len < 2) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: packet error - packet too short, time "
		       "base expected at position %d.\n",
		       __func__, len-len_start + 1);
		return;
	}

	/* get time base */
	timebase = (*buf++) << 8;
	timebase |= (*buf++);
	len -= 2;

	/* if inactive, we send up a PH_ACTIVATE and activate */
	if (!test_bit(FLG_ACTIVE, &dch->Flags)) {
		if (debug & (DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG | DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET))
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: interface become active due to "
			       "received packet\n", __func__);
		test_and_set_bit(FLG_ACTIVE, &dch->Flags);
		_queue_data(&dch->dev.D, PH_ACTIVATE_IND, MISDN_ID_ANY, 0,
			    NULL, GFP_ATOMIC);
	}

	/* distribute packet */
	l1oip_socket_recv(hc, remotecodec, channel, timebase, buf, mlen);
	buf += mlen;
	len -= mlen;

	/* multiframe */
	if (m)
		goto multiframe;

	/* restart timer */
	if (time_before(hc->timeout_tl.expires, jiffies + 5 * HZ) || !hc->timeout_on) {
		hc->timeout_on = 1;
		mod_timer(&hc->timeout_tl, jiffies + L1OIP_TIMEOUT * HZ);
	} else /* only adjust timer */
		hc->timeout_tl.expires = jiffies + L1OIP_TIMEOUT * HZ;

	/* if ip or source port changes */
	if ((hc->sin_remote.sin_addr.s_addr != sin->sin_addr.s_addr)
	    || (hc->sin_remote.sin_port != sin->sin_port)) {
		if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET)
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: remote address changes from "
			       "0x%08x to 0x%08x (port %d to %d)\n", __func__,
			       ntohl(hc->sin_remote.sin_addr.s_addr),
			       ntohl(sin->sin_addr.s_addr),
			       ntohs(hc->sin_remote.sin_port),
			       ntohs(sin->sin_port));
		hc->sin_remote.sin_addr.s_addr = sin->sin_addr.s_addr;
		hc->sin_remote.sin_port = sin->sin_port;
	}
}


/*
 * socket stuff
 */
static int
l1oip_socket_thread(void *data)
{
	struct l1oip *hc = (struct l1oip *)data;
	int ret = 0;
	struct sockaddr_in sin_rx;
	struct kvec iov;
	struct msghdr msg = {.msg_name = &sin_rx,
			     .msg_namelen = sizeof(sin_rx)};
	unsigned char *recvbuf;
	size_t recvbuf_size = 1500;
	int recvlen;
	struct socket *socket = NULL;
	DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(wait);

	/* allocate buffer memory */
	recvbuf = kmalloc(recvbuf_size, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!recvbuf) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "%s: Failed to alloc recvbuf.\n", __func__);
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto fail;
	}

	iov.iov_base = recvbuf;
	iov.iov_len = recvbuf_size;

	/* make daemon */
	allow_signal(SIGTERM);

	/* create socket */
	if (sock_create(PF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, IPPROTO_UDP, &socket)) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "%s: Failed to create socket.\n", __func__);
		ret = -EIO;
		goto fail;
	}

	/* set incoming address */
	hc->sin_local.sin_family = AF_INET;
	hc->sin_local.sin_addr.s_addr = INADDR_ANY;
	hc->sin_local.sin_port = htons((unsigned short)hc->localport);

	/* set outgoing address */
	hc->sin_remote.sin_family = AF_INET;
	hc->sin_remote.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(hc->remoteip);
	hc->sin_remote.sin_port = htons((unsigned short)hc->remoteport);

	/* bind to incoming port */
	if (socket->ops->bind(socket, (struct sockaddr *)&hc->sin_local,
			      sizeof(hc->sin_local))) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "%s: Failed to bind socket to port %d.\n",
		       __func__, hc->localport);
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto fail;
	}

	/* check sk */
	if (socket->sk == NULL) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "%s: socket->sk == NULL\n", __func__);
		ret = -EIO;
		goto fail;
	}

	/* build send message */
	hc->sendmsg.msg_name = &hc->sin_remote;
	hc->sendmsg.msg_namelen = sizeof(hc->sin_remote);
	hc->sendmsg.msg_control = NULL;
	hc->sendmsg.msg_controllen = 0;

	/* give away socket */
	spin_lock(&hc->socket_lock);
	hc->socket = socket;
	spin_unlock(&hc->socket_lock);

	/* read loop */
	if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: socket created and open\n",
		       __func__);
	while (!signal_pending(current)) {
		iov_iter_kvec(&msg.msg_iter, READ, &iov, 1, recvbuf_size);
		recvlen = sock_recvmsg(socket, &msg, 0);
		if (recvlen > 0) {
			l1oip_socket_parse(hc, &sin_rx, recvbuf, recvlen);
		} else {
			if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET)
				printk(KERN_WARNING
				       "%s: broken pipe on socket\n", __func__);
		}
	}

	/* get socket back, check first if in use, maybe by send function */
	spin_lock(&hc->socket_lock);
	/* if hc->socket is NULL, it is in use until it is given back */
	while (!hc->socket) {
		spin_unlock(&hc->socket_lock);
		schedule_timeout(HZ / 10);
		spin_lock(&hc->socket_lock);
	}
	hc->socket = NULL;
	spin_unlock(&hc->socket_lock);

	if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: socket thread terminating\n",
		       __func__);

fail:
	/* free recvbuf */
	kfree(recvbuf);

	/* close socket */
	if (socket)
		sock_release(socket);

	/* if we got killed, signal completion */
	complete(&hc->socket_complete);
	hc->socket_thread = NULL; /* show termination of thread */

	if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: socket thread terminated\n",
		       __func__);
	return ret;
}

static void
l1oip_socket_close(struct l1oip *hc)
{
	struct dchannel *dch = hc->chan[hc->d_idx].dch;

	/* kill thread */
	if (hc->socket_thread) {
		if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET)
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: socket thread exists, "
			       "killing...\n", __func__);
		send_sig(SIGTERM, hc->socket_thread, 0);
		wait_for_completion(&hc->socket_complete);
	}

	/* if active, we send up a PH_DEACTIVATE and deactivate */
	if (test_bit(FLG_ACTIVE, &dch->Flags)) {
		if (debug & (DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG | DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET))
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: interface become deactivated "
			       "due to timeout\n", __func__);
		test_and_clear_bit(FLG_ACTIVE, &dch->Flags);
		_queue_data(&dch->dev.D, PH_DEACTIVATE_IND, MISDN_ID_ANY, 0,
			    NULL, GFP_ATOMIC);
	}
}

static int
l1oip_socket_open(struct l1oip *hc)
{
	/* in case of reopen, we need to close first */
	l1oip_socket_close(hc);

	init_completion(&hc->socket_complete);

	/* create receive process */
	hc->socket_thread = kthread_run(l1oip_socket_thread, hc, "l1oip_%s",
					hc->name);
	if (IS_ERR(hc->socket_thread)) {
		int err = PTR_ERR(hc->socket_thread);
		printk(KERN_ERR "%s: Failed (%d) to create socket process.\n",
		       __func__, err);
		hc->socket_thread = NULL;
		sock_release(hc->socket);
		return err;
	}
	if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: socket thread created\n", __func__);

	return 0;
}


static void
l1oip_send_bh(struct work_struct *work)
{
	struct l1oip *hc = container_of(work, struct l1oip, workq);

	if (debug & (DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG | DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET))
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: keepalive timer expired, sending empty "
		       "frame on dchannel\n", __func__);

	/* send an empty l1oip frame at D-channel */
	l1oip_socket_send(hc, 0, hc->d_idx, 0, 0, NULL, 0);
}


/*
 * timer stuff
 */
static void
l1oip_keepalive(struct timer_list *t)
{
	struct l1oip *hc = from_timer(hc, t, keep_tl);

	schedule_work(&hc->workq);
}

static void
l1oip_timeout(struct timer_list *t)
{
	struct l1oip			*hc = from_timer(hc, t,
								  timeout_tl);
	struct dchannel		*dch = hc->chan[hc->d_idx].dch;

	if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: timeout timer expired, turn layer one "
		       "down.\n", __func__);

	hc->timeout_on = 0; /* state that timer must be initialized next time */

	/* if timeout, we send up a PH_DEACTIVATE and deactivate */
	if (test_bit(FLG_ACTIVE, &dch->Flags)) {
		if (debug & (DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG | DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET))
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: interface become deactivated "
			       "due to timeout\n", __func__);
		test_and_clear_bit(FLG_ACTIVE, &dch->Flags);
		_queue_data(&dch->dev.D, PH_DEACTIVATE_IND, MISDN_ID_ANY, 0,
			    NULL, GFP_ATOMIC);
	}

	/* if we have ondemand set, we remove ip address */
	if (hc->ondemand) {
		if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG)
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: on demand causes ip address to "
			       "be removed\n", __func__);
		hc->sin_remote.sin_addr.s_addr = 0;
	}
}


/*
 * message handling
 */
static int
handle_dmsg(struct mISDNchannel *ch, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	struct mISDNdevice	*dev = container_of(ch, struct mISDNdevice, D);
	struct dchannel		*dch = container_of(dev, struct dchannel, dev);
	struct l1oip			*hc = dch->hw;
	struct mISDNhead	*hh = mISDN_HEAD_P(skb);
	int			ret = -EINVAL;
	int			l, ll;
	unsigned char		*p;

	switch (hh->prim) {
	case PH_DATA_REQ:
		if (skb->len < 1) {
			printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: skb too small\n",
			       __func__);
			break;
		}
		if (skb->len > MAX_DFRAME_LEN_L1 || skb->len > L1OIP_MAX_LEN) {
			printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: skb too large\n",
			       __func__);
			break;
		}
		/* send frame */
		p = skb->data;
		l = skb->len;
		while (l) {
			/*
			 * This is technically bounded by L1OIP_MAX_PERFRAME but
			 * MAX_DFRAME_LEN_L1 < L1OIP_MAX_PERFRAME
			 */
			ll = (l < MAX_DFRAME_LEN_L1) ? l : MAX_DFRAME_LEN_L1;
			l1oip_socket_send(hc, 0, dch->slot, 0,
					  hc->chan[dch->slot].tx_counter++, p, ll);
			p += ll;
			l -= ll;
		}
		skb_trim(skb, 0);
		queue_ch_frame(ch, PH_DATA_CNF, hh->id, skb);
		return 0;
	case PH_ACTIVATE_REQ:
		if (debug & (DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG | DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET))
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: PH_ACTIVATE channel %d (1..%d)\n"
			       , __func__, dch->slot, hc->b_num + 1);
		skb_trim(skb, 0);
		if (test_bit(FLG_ACTIVE, &dch->Flags))
			queue_ch_frame(ch, PH_ACTIVATE_IND, hh->id, skb);
		else
			queue_ch_frame(ch, PH_DEACTIVATE_IND, hh->id, skb);
		return 0;
	case PH_DEACTIVATE_REQ:
		if (debug & (DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG | DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET))
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: PH_DEACTIVATE channel %d "
			       "(1..%d)\n", __func__, dch->slot,
			       hc->b_num + 1);
		skb_trim(skb, 0);
		if (test_bit(FLG_ACTIVE, &dch->Flags))
			queue_ch_frame(ch, PH_ACTIVATE_IND, hh->id, skb);
		else
			queue_ch_frame(ch, PH_DEACTIVATE_IND, hh->id, skb);
		return 0;
	}
	if (!ret)
		dev_kfree_skb(skb);
	return ret;
}

static int
channel_dctrl(struct dchannel *dch, struct mISDN_ctrl_req *cq)
{
	int	ret = 0;
	struct l1oip	*hc = dch->hw;

	switch (cq->op) {
	case MISDN_CTRL_GETOP:
		cq->op = MISDN_CTRL_SETPEER | MISDN_CTRL_UNSETPEER
			| MISDN_CTRL_GETPEER;
		break;
	case MISDN_CTRL_SETPEER:
		hc->remoteip = (u32)cq->p1;
		hc->remoteport = cq->p2 & 0xffff;
		hc->localport = cq->p2 >> 16;
		if (!hc->remoteport)
			hc->remoteport = hc->localport;
		if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET)
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: got new ip address from user "
			       "space.\n", __func__);
		l1oip_socket_open(hc);
		break;
	case MISDN_CTRL_UNSETPEER:
		if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET)
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: removing ip address.\n",
			       __func__);
		hc->remoteip = 0;
		l1oip_socket_open(hc);
		break;
	case MISDN_CTRL_GETPEER:
		if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET)
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: getting ip address.\n",
			       __func__);
		cq->p1 = hc->remoteip;
		cq->p2 = hc->remoteport | (hc->localport << 16);
		break;
	default:
		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: unknown Op %x\n",
		       __func__, cq->op);
		ret = -EINVAL;
		break;
	}
	return ret;
}

static int
open_dchannel(struct l1oip *hc, struct dchannel *dch, struct channel_req *rq)
{
	if (debug & DEBUG_HW_OPEN)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: dev(%d) open from %p\n", __func__,
		       dch->dev.id, __builtin_return_address(0));
	if (rq->protocol == ISDN_P_NONE)
		return -EINVAL;
	if ((dch->dev.D.protocol != ISDN_P_NONE) &&
	    (dch->dev.D.protocol != rq->protocol)) {
		if (debug & DEBUG_HW_OPEN)
			printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: change protocol %x to %x\n",
			       __func__, dch->dev.D.protocol, rq->protocol);
	}
	if (dch->dev.D.protocol != rq->protocol)
		dch->dev.D.protocol = rq->protocol;

	if (test_bit(FLG_ACTIVE, &dch->Flags)) {
		_queue_data(&dch->dev.D, PH_ACTIVATE_IND, MISDN_ID_ANY,
			    0, NULL, GFP_KERNEL);
	}
	rq->ch = &dch->dev.D;
	if (!try_module_get(THIS_MODULE))
		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s:cannot get module\n", __func__);
	return 0;
}

static int
open_bchannel(struct l1oip *hc, struct dchannel *dch, struct channel_req *rq)
{
	struct bchannel	*bch;
	int		ch;

	if (!test_channelmap(rq->adr.channel, dch->dev.channelmap))
		return -EINVAL;
	if (rq->protocol == ISDN_P_NONE)
		return -EINVAL;
	ch = rq->adr.channel; /* BRI: 1=B1 2=B2  PRI: 1..15,17.. */
	bch = hc->chan[ch].bch;
	if (!bch) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "%s:internal error ch %d has no bch\n",
		       __func__, ch);
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	if (test_and_set_bit(FLG_OPEN, &bch->Flags))
		return -EBUSY; /* b-channel can be only open once */
	bch->ch.protocol = rq->protocol;
	rq->ch = &bch->ch;
	if (!try_module_get(THIS_MODULE))
		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s:cannot get module\n", __func__);
	return 0;
}

static int
l1oip_dctrl(struct mISDNchannel *ch, u_int cmd, void *arg)
{
	struct mISDNdevice	*dev = container_of(ch, struct mISDNdevice, D);
	struct dchannel		*dch = container_of(dev, struct dchannel, dev);
	struct l1oip			*hc = dch->hw;
	struct channel_req	*rq;
	int			err = 0;

	if (dch->debug & DEBUG_HW)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: cmd:%x %p\n",
		       __func__, cmd, arg);
	switch (cmd) {
	case OPEN_CHANNEL:
		rq = arg;
		switch (rq->protocol) {
		case ISDN_P_TE_S0:
		case ISDN_P_NT_S0:
			if (hc->pri) {
				err = -EINVAL;
				break;
			}
			err = open_dchannel(hc, dch, rq);
			break;
		case ISDN_P_TE_E1:
		case ISDN_P_NT_E1:
			if (!hc->pri) {
				err = -EINVAL;
				break;
			}
			err = open_dchannel(hc, dch, rq);
			break;
		default:
			err = open_bchannel(hc, dch, rq);
		}
		break;
	case CLOSE_CHANNEL:
		if (debug & DEBUG_HW_OPEN)
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: dev(%d) close from %p\n",
			       __func__, dch->dev.id,
			       __builtin_return_address(0));
		module_put(THIS_MODULE);
		break;
	case CONTROL_CHANNEL:
		err = channel_dctrl(dch, arg);
		break;
	default:
		if (dch->debug & DEBUG_HW)
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: unknown command %x\n",
			       __func__, cmd);
		err = -EINVAL;
	}
	return err;
}

static int
handle_bmsg(struct mISDNchannel *ch, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	struct bchannel		*bch = container_of(ch, struct bchannel, ch);
	struct l1oip			*hc = bch->hw;
	int			ret = -EINVAL;
	struct mISDNhead	*hh = mISDN_HEAD_P(skb);
	int			l, ll;
	unsigned char		*p;

	switch (hh->prim) {
	case PH_DATA_REQ:
		if (skb->len <= 0) {
			printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: skb too small\n",
			       __func__);
			break;
		}
		if (skb->len > MAX_DFRAME_LEN_L1 || skb->len > L1OIP_MAX_LEN) {
			printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: skb too large\n",
			       __func__);
			break;
		}
		/* check for AIS / ulaw-silence */
		l = skb->len;
		if (!memchr_inv(skb->data, 0xff, l)) {
			if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG)
				printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: got AIS, not sending, "
				       "but counting\n", __func__);
			hc->chan[bch->slot].tx_counter += l;
			skb_trim(skb, 0);
			queue_ch_frame(ch, PH_DATA_CNF, hh->id, skb);
			return 0;
		}
		/* check for silence */
		l = skb->len;
		if (!memchr_inv(skb->data, 0x2a, l)) {
			if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG)
				printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: got silence, not sending"
				       ", but counting\n", __func__);
			hc->chan[bch->slot].tx_counter += l;
			skb_trim(skb, 0);
			queue_ch_frame(ch, PH_DATA_CNF, hh->id, skb);
			return 0;
		}

		/* send frame */
		p = skb->data;
		l = skb->len;
		while (l) {
			/*
			 * This is technically bounded by L1OIP_MAX_PERFRAME but
			 * MAX_DFRAME_LEN_L1 < L1OIP_MAX_PERFRAME
			 */
			ll = (l < MAX_DFRAME_LEN_L1) ? l : MAX_DFRAME_LEN_L1;
			l1oip_socket_send(hc, hc->codec, bch->slot, 0,
					  hc->chan[bch->slot].tx_counter, p, ll);
			hc->chan[bch->slot].tx_counter += ll;
			p += ll;
			l -= ll;
		}
		skb_trim(skb, 0);
		queue_ch_frame(ch, PH_DATA_CNF, hh->id, skb);
		return 0;
	case PH_ACTIVATE_REQ:
		if (debug & (DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG | DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET))
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: PH_ACTIVATE channel %d (1..%d)\n"
			       , __func__, bch->slot, hc->b_num + 1);
		hc->chan[bch->slot].codecstate = 0;
		test_and_set_bit(FLG_ACTIVE, &bch->Flags);
		skb_trim(skb, 0);
		queue_ch_frame(ch, PH_ACTIVATE_IND, hh->id, skb);
		return 0;
	case PH_DEACTIVATE_REQ:
		if (debug & (DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG | DEBUG_L1OIP_SOCKET))
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: PH_DEACTIVATE channel %d "
			       "(1..%d)\n", __func__, bch->slot,
			       hc->b_num + 1);
		test_and_clear_bit(FLG_ACTIVE, &bch->Flags);
		skb_trim(skb, 0);
		queue_ch_frame(ch, PH_DEACTIVATE_IND, hh->id, skb);
		return 0;
	}
	if (!ret)
		dev_kfree_skb(skb);
	return ret;
}

static int
channel_bctrl(struct bchannel *bch, struct mISDN_ctrl_req *cq)
{
	int			ret = 0;
	struct dsp_features	*features =
		(struct dsp_features *)(*((u_long *)&cq->p1));

	switch (cq->op) {
	case MISDN_CTRL_GETOP:
		cq->op = MISDN_CTRL_HW_FEATURES_OP;
		break;
	case MISDN_CTRL_HW_FEATURES: /* fill features structure */
		if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_MSG)
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: HW_FEATURE request\n",
			       __func__);
		/* create confirm */
		features->unclocked = 1;
		features->unordered = 1;
		break;
	default:
		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: unknown Op %x\n",
		       __func__, cq->op);
		ret = -EINVAL;
		break;
	}
	return ret;
}

static int
l1oip_bctrl(struct mISDNchannel *ch, u_int cmd, void *arg)
{
	struct bchannel	*bch = container_of(ch, struct bchannel, ch);
	int		err = -EINVAL;

	if (bch->debug & DEBUG_HW)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: cmd:%x %p\n",
		       __func__, cmd, arg);
	switch (cmd) {
	case CLOSE_CHANNEL:
		test_and_clear_bit(FLG_OPEN, &bch->Flags);
		test_and_clear_bit(FLG_ACTIVE, &bch->Flags);
		ch->protocol = ISDN_P_NONE;
		ch->peer = NULL;
		module_put(THIS_MODULE);
		err = 0;
		break;
	case CONTROL_CHANNEL:
		err = channel_bctrl(bch, arg);
		break;
	default:
		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: unknown prim(%x)\n",
		       __func__, cmd);
	}
	return err;
}


/*
 * cleanup module and stack
 */
static void
release_card(struct l1oip *hc)
{
	int	ch;

	if (timer_pending(&hc->keep_tl))
		del_timer(&hc->keep_tl);

	if (timer_pending(&hc->timeout_tl))
		del_timer(&hc->timeout_tl);

	cancel_work_sync(&hc->workq);

	if (hc->socket_thread)
		l1oip_socket_close(hc);

	if (hc->registered && hc->chan[hc->d_idx].dch)
		mISDN_unregister_device(&hc->chan[hc->d_idx].dch->dev);
	for (ch = 0; ch < 128; ch++) {
		if (hc->chan[ch].dch) {
			mISDN_freedchannel(hc->chan[ch].dch);
			kfree(hc->chan[ch].dch);
		}
		if (hc->chan[ch].bch) {
			mISDN_freebchannel(hc->chan[ch].bch);
			kfree(hc->chan[ch].bch);
#ifdef REORDER_DEBUG
			if (hc->chan[ch].disorder_skb)
				dev_kfree_skb(hc->chan[ch].disorder_skb);
#endif
		}
	}

	spin_lock(&l1oip_lock);
	list_del(&hc->list);
	spin_unlock(&l1oip_lock);

	kfree(hc);
}

static void
l1oip_cleanup(void)
{
	struct l1oip *hc, *next;

	list_for_each_entry_safe(hc, next, &l1oip_ilist, list)
		release_card(hc);

	l1oip_4bit_free();
}


/*
 * module and stack init
 */
static int
init_card(struct l1oip *hc, int pri, int bundle)
{
	struct dchannel	*dch;
	struct bchannel	*bch;
	int		ret;
	int		i, ch;

	spin_lock_init(&hc->socket_lock);
	hc->idx = l1oip_cnt;
	hc->pri = pri;
	hc->d_idx = pri ? 16 : 3;
	hc->b_num = pri ? 30 : 2;
	hc->bundle = bundle;
	if (hc->pri)
		sprintf(hc->name, "l1oip-e1.%d", l1oip_cnt + 1);
	else
		sprintf(hc->name, "l1oip-s0.%d", l1oip_cnt + 1);

	switch (codec[l1oip_cnt]) {
	case 0: /* as is */
	case 1: /* alaw */
	case 2: /* ulaw */
	case 3: /* 4bit */
		break;
	default:
		printk(KERN_ERR "Codec(%d) not supported.\n",
		       codec[l1oip_cnt]);
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	hc->codec = codec[l1oip_cnt];
	if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_INIT)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: using codec %d\n",
		       __func__, hc->codec);

	if (id[l1oip_cnt] == 0) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING "Warning: No 'id' value given or "
		       "0, this is highly unsecure. Please use 32 "
		       "bit random number 0x...\n");
	}
	hc->id = id[l1oip_cnt];
	if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_INIT)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: using id 0x%x\n", __func__, hc->id);

	hc->ondemand = ondemand[l1oip_cnt];
	if (hc->ondemand && !hc->id) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "%s: ondemand option only allowed in "
		       "conjunction with non 0 ID\n", __func__);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (limit[l1oip_cnt])
		hc->b_num = limit[l1oip_cnt];
	if (!pri && hc->b_num > 2) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Maximum limit for BRI interface is 2 "
		       "channels.\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	if (pri && hc->b_num > 126) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Maximum limit for PRI interface is 126 "
		       "channels.\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	if (pri && hc->b_num > 30) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING "Maximum limit for BRI interface is 30 "
		       "channels.\n");
		printk(KERN_WARNING "Your selection of %d channels must be "
		       "supported by application.\n", hc->limit);
	}

	hc->remoteip = ip[l1oip_cnt << 2] << 24
		| ip[(l1oip_cnt << 2) + 1] << 16
		| ip[(l1oip_cnt << 2) + 2] << 8
		| ip[(l1oip_cnt << 2) + 3];
	hc->localport = port[l1oip_cnt]?:(L1OIP_DEFAULTPORT + l1oip_cnt);
	if (remoteport[l1oip_cnt])
		hc->remoteport = remoteport[l1oip_cnt];
	else
		hc->remoteport = hc->localport;
	if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_INIT)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: using local port %d remote ip "
		       "%d.%d.%d.%d port %d ondemand %d\n", __func__,
		       hc->localport, hc->remoteip >> 24,
		       (hc->remoteip >> 16) & 0xff,
		       (hc->remoteip >> 8) & 0xff, hc->remoteip & 0xff,
		       hc->remoteport, hc->ondemand);

	dch = kzalloc(sizeof(struct dchannel), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!dch)
		return -ENOMEM;
	dch->debug = debug;
	mISDN_initdchannel(dch, MAX_DFRAME_LEN_L1, NULL);
	dch->hw = hc;
	if (pri)
		dch->dev.Dprotocols = (1 << ISDN_P_TE_E1) | (1 << ISDN_P_NT_E1);
	else
		dch->dev.Dprotocols = (1 << ISDN_P_TE_S0) | (1 << ISDN_P_NT_S0);
	dch->dev.Bprotocols = (1 << (ISDN_P_B_RAW & ISDN_P_B_MASK)) |
		(1 << (ISDN_P_B_HDLC & ISDN_P_B_MASK));
	dch->dev.D.send = handle_dmsg;
	dch->dev.D.ctrl = l1oip_dctrl;
	dch->dev.nrbchan = hc->b_num;
	dch->slot = hc->d_idx;
	hc->chan[hc->d_idx].dch = dch;
	i = 1;
	for (ch = 0; ch < dch->dev.nrbchan; ch++) {
		if (ch == 15)
			i++;
		bch = kzalloc(sizeof(struct bchannel), GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!bch) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "%s: no memory for bchannel\n",
			       __func__);
			return -ENOMEM;
		}
		bch->nr = i + ch;
		bch->slot = i + ch;
		bch->debug = debug;
		mISDN_initbchannel(bch, MAX_DATA_MEM, 0);
		bch->hw = hc;
		bch->ch.send = handle_bmsg;
		bch->ch.ctrl = l1oip_bctrl;
		bch->ch.nr = i + ch;
		list_add(&bch->ch.list, &dch->dev.bchannels);
		hc->chan[i + ch].bch = bch;
		set_channelmap(bch->nr, dch->dev.channelmap);
	}
	/* TODO: create a parent device for this driver */
	ret = mISDN_register_device(&dch->dev, NULL, hc->name);
	if (ret)
		return ret;
	hc->registered = 1;

	if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_INIT)
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: Setting up network card(%d)\n",
		       __func__, l1oip_cnt + 1);
	ret = l1oip_socket_open(hc);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	timer_setup(&hc->keep_tl, l1oip_keepalive, 0);
	hc->keep_tl.expires = jiffies + 2 * HZ; /* two seconds first time */
	add_timer(&hc->keep_tl);

	timer_setup(&hc->timeout_tl, l1oip_timeout, 0);
	hc->timeout_on = 0; /* state that we have timer off */

	return 0;
}

static int __init
l1oip_init(void)
{
	int		pri, bundle;
	struct l1oip		*hc;
	int		ret;

	printk(KERN_INFO "mISDN: Layer-1-over-IP driver Rev. %s\n",
	       l1oip_revision);

	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&l1oip_ilist);
	spin_lock_init(&l1oip_lock);

	if (l1oip_4bit_alloc(ulaw))
		return -ENOMEM;

	l1oip_cnt = 0;
	while (l1oip_cnt < MAX_CARDS && type[l1oip_cnt]) {
		switch (type[l1oip_cnt] & 0xff) {
		case 1:
			pri = 0;
			bundle = 0;
			break;
		case 2:
			pri = 1;
			bundle = 0;
			break;
		case 3:
			pri = 0;
			bundle = 1;
			break;
		case 4:
			pri = 1;
			bundle = 1;
			break;
		default:
			printk(KERN_ERR "Card type(%d) not supported.\n",
			       type[l1oip_cnt] & 0xff);
			l1oip_cleanup();
			return -EINVAL;
		}

		if (debug & DEBUG_L1OIP_INIT)
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: interface %d is %s with %s.\n",
			       __func__, l1oip_cnt, pri ? "PRI" : "BRI",
			       bundle ? "bundled IP packet for all B-channels" :
			       "separate IP packets for every B-channel");

		hc = kzalloc(sizeof(struct l1oip), GFP_ATOMIC);
		if (!hc) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "No kmem for L1-over-IP driver.\n");
			l1oip_cleanup();
			return -ENOMEM;
		}
		INIT_WORK(&hc->workq, (void *)l1oip_send_bh);

		spin_lock(&l1oip_lock);
		list_add_tail(&hc->list, &l1oip_ilist);
		spin_unlock(&l1oip_lock);

		ret = init_card(hc, pri, bundle);
		if (ret) {
			l1oip_cleanup();
			return ret;
		}

		l1oip_cnt++;
	}
	printk(KERN_INFO "%d virtual devices registered\n", l1oip_cnt);
	return 0;
}

module_init(l1oip_init);
module_exit