1234567891011121314151617181920212223242526272829303132333435363738394041424344454647484950515253545556575859606162636465666768697071727374757677787980818283848586878889909192939495969798991001011021031041051061071081091101111121131141151161171181191201211221231241251261271281291301311321331341351361371381391401411421431441451461471481491501511521531541551561571581591601611621631641651661671681691701711721731741751761771781791801811821831841851861871881891901911921931941951961971981992002012022032042052062072082092102112122132142152162172182192202212222232242252262272282292302312322332342352362372382392402412422432442452462472482492502512522532542552562572582592602612622632642652662672682692702712722732742752762772782792802812822832842852862872882892902912922932942952962972982993003013023033043053063073083093103113123133143153163173183193203213223233243253263273283293303313323333343353363373383393403413423433443453463473483493503513523533543553563573583593603613623633643653663673683693703713723733743753763773783793803813823833843853863873883893903913923933943953963973983994004014024034044054064074084094104114124134144154164174184194204214224234244254264274284294304314324334344354364374384394404414424434444454464474484494504514524534544554564574584594604614624634644654664674684694704714724734744754764774784794804814824834844854864874884894904914924934944954964974984995005015025035045055065075085095105115125135145155165175185195205215225235245255265275285295305315325335345355365375385395405415425435445455465475485495505515525535545555565575585595605615625635645655665675685695705715725735745755765775785795805815825835845855865875885895905915925935945955965975985996006016026036046056066076086096106116126136146156166176186196206216226236246256266276286296306316326336346356366376386396406416426436446456466476486496506516526536546556566576586596606616626636646656666676686696706716726736746756766776786796806816826836846856866876886896906916926936946956966976986997007017027037047057067077087097107117127137147157167177187197207217227237247257267277287297307317327337347357367377387397407417427437447457467477487497507517527537547557567577587597607617627637647657667677687697707717727737747757767777787797807817827837847857867877887897907917927937947957967977987998008018028038048058068078088098108118128138148158168178188198208218228238248258268278288298308318328338348358368378388398408418428438448458468478488498508518528538548558568578588598608618628638648658668678688698708718728738748758768778788798808818828838848858868878888898908918928938948958968978988999009019029039049059069079089099109119129139149159169179189199209219229239249259269279289299309319329339349359369379389399409419429439449459469479489499509519529539549559569579589599609619629639649659669679689699709719729739749759769779789799809819829839849859869879889899909919929939949959969979989991000100110021003100410051006100710081009101010111012101310141015101610171018101910201021102210231024102510261027102810291030103110321033103410351036103710381039104010411042104310441045104610471048104910501051105210531054105510561057105810591060106110621063106410651066106710681069107010711072107310741075107610771078107910801081108210831084108510861087108810891090109110921093109410951096109710981099110011011102110311041105110611071108110911101111111211131114111511161117111811191120112111221123112411251126112711281129113011311132113311341135113611371138113911401141114211431144114511461147114811491150115111521153115411551156115711581159116011611162116311641165116611671168116911701171117211731174117511761177117811791180118111821183118411851186118711881189119011911192119311941195119611971198119912001201120212031204120512061207120812091210121112121213121412151216121712181219122012211222122312241225122612271228122912301231123212331234123512361237123812391240124112421243124412451246124712481249125012511252125312541255125612571258125912601261126212631264126512661267126812691270127112721273127412751276127712781279128012811282128312841285128612871288128912901291129212931294129512961297129812991300130113021303130413051306130713081309131013111312131313141315131613171318131913201321132213231324132513261327132813291330133113321333133413351336133713381339134013411342134313441345134613471348134913501351135213531354135513561357135813591360136113621363136413651366136713681369137013711372137313741375137613771378137913801381138213831384138513861387138813891390139113921393139413951396139713981399140014011402140314041405140614071408140914101411141214131414141514161417141814191420142114221423142414251426142714281429143014311432143314341435143614371438143914401441144214431444144514461447144814491450145114521453145414551456145714581459146014611462146314641465146614671468146914701471147214731474147514761477147814791480148114821483148414851486148714881489149014911492149314941495149614971498149915001501150215031504150515061507150815091510151115121513151415151516151715181519152015211522152315241525152615271528152915301531153215331534153515361537153815391540154115421543154415451546154715481549155015511552155315541555155615571558155915601561156215631564156515661567156815691570157115721573157415751576157715781579158015811582158315841585158615871588158915901591159215931594159515961597159815991600160116021603160416051606160716081609161016111612161316141615161616171618161916201621162216231624162516261627162816291630163116321633163416351636163716381639164016411642164316441645164616471648164916501651165216531654165516561657165816591660166116621663166416651666166716681669167016711672167316741675167616771678167916801681168216831684168516861687168816891690169116921693169416951696169716981699170017011702170317041705170617071708170917101711171217131714171517161717171817191720172117221723172417251726172717281729173017311732173317341735173617371738173917401741174217431744174517461747174817491750175117521753175417551756175717581759176017611762176317641765176617671768176917701771177217731774177517761777177817791780178117821783178417851786178717881789179017911792179317941795179617971798179918001801180218031804180518061807180818091810181118121813181418151816181718181819182018211822182318241825182618271828182918301831183218331834183518361837183818391840184118421843184418451846184718481849185018511852185318541855185618571858185918601861186218631864186518661867186818691870187118721873187418751876187718781879188018811882188318841885188618871888188918901891189218931894189518961897189818991900190119021903190419051906190719081909191019111912191319141915191619171918191919201921192219231924192519261927192819291930193119321933193419351936193719381939194019411942194319441945194619471948194919501951195219531954195519561957195819591960196119621963196419651966196719681969197019711972197319741975197619771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011/*
 * Copyright (C) 2011-2012 Red Hat, Inc.
 *
 * This file is released under the GPL.
 */

#include "dm-thin-metadata.h"
#include "persistent-data/dm-btree.h"
#include "persistent-data/dm-space-map.h"
#include "persistent-data/dm-space-map-disk.h"
#include "persistent-data/dm-transaction-manager.h"

#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/device-mapper.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>

/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * As far as the metadata goes, there is:
 *
 * - A superblock in block zero, taking up fewer than 512 bytes for
 *   atomic writes.
 *
 * - A space map managing the metadata blocks.
 *
 * - A space map managing the data blocks.
 *
 * - A btree mapping our internal thin dev ids onto struct disk_device_details.
 *
 * - A hierarchical btree, with 2 levels which effectively maps (thin
 *   dev id, virtual block) -> block_time.  Block time is a 64-bit
 *   field holding the time in the low 24 bits, and block in the top 48
 *   bits.
 *
 * BTrees consist solely of btree_nodes, that fill a block.  Some are
 * internal nodes, as such their values are a __le64 pointing to other
 * nodes.  Leaf nodes can store data of any reasonable size (ie. much
 * smaller than the block size).  The nodes consist of the header,
 * followed by an array of keys, followed by an array of values.  We have
 * to binary search on the keys so they're all held together to help the
 * cpu cache.
 *
 * Space maps have 2 btrees:
 *
 * - One maps a uint64_t onto a struct index_entry.  Which points to a
 *   bitmap block, and has some details about how many free entries there
 *   are etc.
 *
 * - The bitmap blocks have a header (for the checksum).  Then the rest
 *   of the block is pairs of bits.  With the meaning being:
 *
 *   0 - ref count is 0
 *   1 - ref count is 1
 *   2 - ref count is 2
 *   3 - ref count is higher than 2
 *
 * - If the count is higher than 2 then the ref count is entered in a
 *   second btree that directly maps the block_address to a uint32_t ref
 *   count.
 *
 * The space map metadata variant doesn't have a bitmaps btree.  Instead
 * it has one single blocks worth of index_entries.  This avoids
 * recursive issues with the bitmap btree needing to allocate space in
 * order to insert.  With a small data block size such as 64k the
 * metadata support data devices that are hundreds of terrabytes.
 *
 * The space maps allocate space linearly from front to back.  Space that
 * is freed in a transaction is never recycled within that transaction.
 * To try and avoid fragmenting _free_ space the allocator always goes
 * back and fills in gaps.
 *
 * All metadata io is in THIN_METADATA_BLOCK_SIZE sized/aligned chunks
 * from the block manager.
 *--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

#define DM_MSG_PREFIX   "thin metadata"

#define THIN_SUPERBLOCK_MAGIC 27022010
#define THIN_SUPERBLOCK_LOCATION 0
#define THIN_VERSION 2
#define SECTOR_TO_BLOCK_SHIFT 3

/*
 * For btree insert:
 *  3 for btree insert +
 *  2 for btree lookup used within space map
 * For btree remove:
 *  2 for shadow spine +
 *  4 for rebalance 3 child node
 */
#define THIN_MAX_CONCURRENT_LOCKS 6

/* This should be plenty */
#define SPACE_MAP_ROOT_SIZE 128

/*
 * Little endian on-disk superblock and device details.
 */
struct thin_disk_superblock {
	__le32 csum;	/* Checksum of superblock except for this field. */
	__le32 flags;
	__le64 blocknr;	/* This block number, dm_block_t. */

	__u8 uuid[16];
	__le64 magic;
	__le32 version;
	__le32 time;

	__le64 trans_id;

	/*
	 * Root held by userspace transactions.
	 */
	__le64 held_root;

	__u8 data_space_map_root[SPACE_MAP_ROOT_SIZE];
	__u8 metadata_space_map_root[SPACE_MAP_ROOT_SIZE];

	/*
	 * 2-level btree mapping (dev_id, (dev block, time)) -> data block
	 */
	__le64 data_mapping_root;

	/*
	 * Device detail root mapping dev_id -> device_details
	 */
	__le64 device_details_root;

	__le32 data_block_size;		/* In 512-byte sectors. */

	__le32 metadata_block_size;	/* In 512-byte sectors. */
	__le64 metadata_nr_blocks;

	__le32 compat_flags;
	__le32 compat_ro_flags;
	__le32 incompat_flags;
} __packed;

struct disk_device_details {
	__le64 mapped_blocks;
	__le64 transaction_id;		/* When created. */
	__le32 creation_time;
	__le32 snapshotted_time;
} __packed;

struct dm_pool_metadata {
	struct hlist_node hash;

	struct block_device *bdev;
	struct dm_block_manager *bm;
	struct dm_space_map *metadata_sm;
	struct dm_space_map *data_sm;
	struct dm_transaction_manager *tm;
	struct dm_transaction_manager *nb_tm;

	/*
	 * Two-level btree.
	 * First level holds thin_dev_t.
	 * Second level holds mappings.
	 */
	struct dm_btree_info info;

	/*
	 * Non-blocking version of the above.
	 */
	struct dm_btree_info nb_info;

	/*
	 * Just the top level for deleting whole devices.
	 */
	struct dm_btree_info tl_info;

	/*
	 * Just the bottom level for creating new devices.
	 */
	struct dm_btree_info bl_info;

	/*
	 * Describes the device details btree.
	 */
	struct dm_btree_info details_info;

	struct rw_semaphore root_lock;
	uint32_t time;
	dm_block_t root;
	dm_block_t details_root;
	struct list_head thin_devices;
	uint64_t trans_id;
	unsigned long flags;
	sector_t data_block_size;

	/*
	 * Set if a transaction has to be aborted but the attempt to roll back
	 * to the previous (good) transaction failed.  The only pool metadata
	 * operation possible in this state is the closing of the device.
	 */
	bool fail_io:1;

	/*
	 * Reading the space map roots can fail, so we read it into these
	 * buffers before the superblock is locked and updated.
	 */
	__u8 data_space_map_root[SPACE_MAP_ROOT_SIZE];
	__u8 metadata_space_map_root[SPACE_MAP_ROOT_SIZE];
};

struct dm_thin_device {
	struct list_head list;
	struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd;
	dm_thin_id id;

	int open_count;
	bool changed:1;
	bool aborted_with_changes:1;
	uint64_t mapped_blocks;
	uint64_t transaction_id;
	uint32_t creation_time;
	uint32_t snapshotted_time;
};

/*----------------------------------------------------------------
 * superblock validator
 *--------------------------------------------------------------*/

#define SUPERBLOCK_CSUM_XOR 160774

static void sb_prepare_for_write(struct dm_block_validator *v,
				 struct dm_block *b,
				 size_t block_size)
{
	struct thin_disk_superblock *disk_super = dm_block_data(b);

	disk_super->blocknr = cpu_to_le64(dm_block_location(b));
	disk_super->csum = cpu_to_le32(dm_bm_checksum(&disk_super->flags,
						      block_size - sizeof(__le32),
						      SUPERBLOCK_CSUM_XOR));
}

static int sb_check(struct dm_block_validator *v,
		    struct dm_block *b,
		    size_t block_size)
{
	struct thin_disk_superblock *disk_super = dm_block_data(b);
	__le32 csum_le;

	if (dm_block_location(b) != le64_to_cpu(disk_super->blocknr)) {
		DMERR("sb_check failed: blocknr %llu: "
		      "wanted %llu", le64_to_cpu(disk_super->blocknr),
		      (unsigned long long)dm_block_location(b));
		return -ENOTBLK;
	}

	if (le64_to_cpu(disk_super->magic) != THIN_SUPERBLOCK_MAGIC) {
		DMERR("sb_check failed: magic %llu: "
		      "wanted %llu", le64_to_cpu(disk_super->magic),
		      (unsigned long long)THIN_SUPERBLOCK_MAGIC);
		return -EILSEQ;
	}

	csum_le = cpu_to_le32(dm_bm_checksum(&disk_super->flags,
					     block_size - sizeof(__le32),
					     SUPERBLOCK_CSUM_XOR));
	if (csum_le != disk_super->csum) {
		DMERR("sb_check failed: csum %u: wanted %u",
		      le32_to_cpu(csum_le), le32_to_cpu(disk_super->csum));
		return -EILSEQ;
	}

	return 0;
}

static struct dm_block_validator sb_validator = {
	.name = "superblock",
	.prepare_for_write = sb_prepare_for_write,
	.check = sb_check
};

/*----------------------------------------------------------------
 * Methods for the btree value types
 *--------------------------------------------------------------*/

static uint64_t pack_block_time(dm_block_t b, uint32_t t)
{
	return (b << 24) | t;
}

static void unpack_block_time(uint64_t v, dm_block_t *b, uint32_t *t)
{
	*b = v >> 24;
	*t = v & ((1 << 24) - 1);
}

static void data_block_inc(void *context, const void *value_le)
{
	struct dm_space_map *sm = context;
	__le64 v_le;
	uint64_t b;
	uint32_t t;

	memcpy(&v_le, value_le, sizeof(v_le));
	unpack_block_time(le64_to_cpu(v_le), &b, &t);
	dm_sm_inc_block(sm, b);
}

static void data_block_dec(void *context, const void *value_le)
{
	struct dm_space_map *sm = context;
	__le64 v_le;
	uint64_t b;
	uint32_t t;

	memcpy(&v_le, value_le, sizeof(v_le));
	unpack_block_time(le64_to_cpu(v_le), &b, &t);
	dm_sm_dec_block(sm, b);
}

static int data_block_equal(void *context, const void *value1_le, const void *value2_le)
{
	__le64 v1_le, v2_le;
	uint64_t b1, b2;
	uint32_t t;

	memcpy(&v1_le, value1_le, sizeof(v1_le));
	memcpy(&v2_le, value2_le, sizeof(v2_le));
	unpack_block_time(le64_to_cpu(v1_le), &b1, &t);
	unpack_block_time(le64_to_cpu(v2_le), &b2, &t);

	return b1 == b2;
}

static void subtree_inc(void *context, const void *value)
{
	struct dm_btree_info *info = context;
	__le64 root_le;
	uint64_t root;

	memcpy(&root_le, value, sizeof(root_le));
	root = le64_to_cpu(root_le);
	dm_tm_inc(info->tm, root);
}

static void subtree_dec(void *context, const void *value)
{
	struct dm_btree_info *info = context;
	__le64 root_le;
	uint64_t root;

	memcpy(&root_le, value, sizeof(root_le));
	root = le64_to_cpu(root_le);
	if (dm_btree_del(info, root))
		DMERR("btree delete failed");
}

static int subtree_equal(void *context, const void *value1_le, const void *value2_le)
{
	__le64 v1_le, v2_le;
	memcpy(&v1_le, value1_le, sizeof(v1_le));
	memcpy(&v2_le, value2_le, sizeof(v2_le));

	return v1_le == v2_le;
}

/*----------------------------------------------------------------*/

static int superblock_lock_zero(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd,
				struct dm_block **sblock)
{
	return dm_bm_write_lock_zero(pmd->bm, THIN_SUPERBLOCK_LOCATION,
				     &sb_validator, sblock);
}

static int superblock_lock(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd,
			   struct dm_block **sblock)
{
	return dm_bm_write_lock(pmd->bm, THIN_SUPERBLOCK_LOCATION,
				&sb_validator, sblock);
}

static int __superblock_all_zeroes(struct dm_block_manager *bm, int *result)
{
	int r;
	unsigned i;
	struct dm_block *b;
	__le64 *data_le, zero = cpu_to_le64(0);
	unsigned block_size = dm_bm_block_size(bm) / sizeof(__le64);

	/*
	 * We can't use a validator here - it may be all zeroes.
	 */
	r = dm_bm_read_lock(bm, THIN_SUPERBLOCK_LOCATION, NULL, &b);
	if (r)
		return r;

	data_le = dm_block_data(b);
	*result = 1;
	for (i = 0; i < block_size; i++) {
		if (data_le[i] != zero) {
			*result = 0;
			break;
		}
	}

	dm_bm_unlock(b);

	return 0;
}

static void __setup_btree_details(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	pmd->info.tm = pmd->tm;
	pmd->info.levels = 2;
	pmd->info.value_type.context = pmd->data_sm;
	pmd->info.value_type.size = sizeof(__le64);
	pmd->info.value_type.inc = data_block_inc;
	pmd->info.value_type.dec = data_block_dec;
	pmd->info.value_type.equal = data_block_equal;

	memcpy(&pmd->nb_info, &pmd->info, sizeof(pmd->nb_info));
	pmd->nb_info.tm = pmd->nb_tm;

	pmd->tl_info.tm = pmd->tm;
	pmd->tl_info.levels = 1;
	pmd->tl_info.value_type.context = &pmd->bl_info;
	pmd->tl_info.value_type.size = sizeof(__le64);
	pmd->tl_info.value_type.inc = subtree_inc;
	pmd->tl_info.value_type.dec = subtree_dec;
	pmd->tl_info.value_type.equal = subtree_equal;

	pmd->bl_info.tm = pmd->tm;
	pmd->bl_info.levels = 1;
	pmd->bl_info.value_type.context = pmd->data_sm;
	pmd->bl_info.value_type.size = sizeof(__le64);
	pmd->bl_info.value_type.inc = data_block_inc;
	pmd->bl_info.value_type.dec = data_block_dec;
	pmd->bl_info.value_type.equal = data_block_equal;

	pmd->details_info.tm = pmd->tm;
	pmd->details_info.levels = 1;
	pmd->details_info.value_type.context = NULL;
	pmd->details_info.value_type.size = sizeof(struct disk_device_details);
	pmd->details_info.value_type.inc = NULL;
	pmd->details_info.value_type.dec = NULL;
	pmd->details_info.value_type.equal = NULL;
}

static int save_sm_roots(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	int r;
	size_t len;

	r = dm_sm_root_size(pmd->metadata_sm, &len);
	if (r < 0)
		return r;

	r = dm_sm_copy_root(pmd->metadata_sm, &pmd->metadata_space_map_root, len);
	if (r < 0)
		return r;

	r = dm_sm_root_size(pmd->data_sm, &len);
	if (r < 0)
		return r;

	return dm_sm_copy_root(pmd->data_sm, &pmd->data_space_map_root, len);
}

static void copy_sm_roots(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd,
			  struct thin_disk_superblock *disk)
{
	memcpy(&disk->metadata_space_map_root,
	       &pmd->metadata_space_map_root,
	       sizeof(pmd->metadata_space_map_root));

	memcpy(&disk->data_space_map_root,
	       &pmd->data_space_map_root,
	       sizeof(pmd->data_space_map_root));
}

static int __write_initial_superblock(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	int r;
	struct dm_block *sblock;
	struct thin_disk_superblock *disk_super;
	sector_t bdev_size = i_size_read(pmd->bdev->bd_inode) >> SECTOR_SHIFT;

	if (bdev_size > THIN_METADATA_MAX_SECTORS)
		bdev_size = THIN_METADATA_MAX_SECTORS;

	r = dm_sm_commit(pmd->data_sm);
	if (r < 0)
		return r;

	r = dm_tm_pre_commit(pmd->tm);
	if (r < 0)
		return r;

	r = save_sm_roots(pmd);
	if (r < 0)
		return r;

	r = superblock_lock_zero(pmd, &sblock);
	if (r)
		return r;

	disk_super = dm_block_data(sblock);
	disk_super->flags = 0;
	memset(disk_super->uuid, 0, sizeof(disk_super->uuid));
	disk_super->magic = cpu_to_le64(THIN_SUPERBLOCK_MAGIC);
	disk_super->version = cpu_to_le32(THIN_VERSION);
	disk_super->time = 0;
	disk_super->trans_id = 0;
	disk_super->held_root = 0;

	copy_sm_roots(pmd, disk_super);

	disk_super->data_mapping_root = cpu_to_le64(pmd->root);
	disk_super->device_details_root = cpu_to_le64(pmd->details_root);
	disk_super->metadata_block_size = cpu_to_le32(THIN_METADATA_BLOCK_SIZE);
	disk_super->metadata_nr_blocks = cpu_to_le64(bdev_size >> SECTOR_TO_BLOCK_SHIFT);
	disk_super->data_block_size = cpu_to_le32(pmd->data_block_size);

	return dm_tm_commit(pmd->tm, sblock);
}

static int __format_metadata(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	int r;

	r = dm_tm_create_with_sm(pmd->bm, THIN_SUPERBLOCK_LOCATION,
				 &pmd->tm, &pmd->metadata_sm);
	if (r < 0) {
		DMERR("tm_create_with_sm failed");
		return r;
	}

	pmd->data_sm = dm_sm_disk_create(pmd->tm, 0);
	if (IS_ERR(pmd->data_sm)) {
		DMERR("sm_disk_create failed");
		r = PTR_ERR(pmd->data_sm);
		goto bad_cleanup_tm;
	}

	pmd->nb_tm = dm_tm_create_non_blocking_clone(pmd->tm);
	if (!pmd->nb_tm) {
		DMERR("could not create non-blocking clone tm");
		r = -ENOMEM;
		goto bad_cleanup_data_sm;
	}

	__setup_btree_details(pmd);

	r = dm_btree_empty(&pmd->info, &pmd->root);
	if (r < 0)
		goto bad_cleanup_nb_tm;

	r = dm_btree_empty(&pmd->details_info, &pmd->details_root);
	if (r < 0) {
		DMERR("couldn't create devices root");
		goto bad_cleanup_nb_tm;
	}

	r = __write_initial_superblock(pmd);
	if (r)
		goto bad_cleanup_nb_tm;

	return 0;

bad_cleanup_nb_tm:
	dm_tm_destroy(pmd->nb_tm);
bad_cleanup_data_sm:
	dm_sm_destroy(pmd->data_sm);
bad_cleanup_tm:
	dm_tm_destroy(pmd->tm);
	dm_sm_destroy(pmd->metadata_sm);

	return r;
}

static int __check_incompat_features(struct thin_disk_superblock *disk_super,
				     struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	uint32_t features;

	features = le32_to_cpu(disk_super->incompat_flags) & ~THIN_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP;
	if (features) {
		DMERR("could not access metadata due to unsupported optional features (%lx).",
		      (unsigned long)features);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/*
	 * Check for read-only metadata to skip the following RDWR checks.
	 */
	if (get_disk_ro(pmd->bdev->bd_disk))
		return 0;

	features = le32_to_cpu(disk_super->compat_ro_flags) & ~THIN_FEATURE_COMPAT_RO_SUPP;
	if (features) {
		DMERR("could not access metadata RDWR due to unsupported optional features (%lx).",
		      (unsigned long)features);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int __open_metadata(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	int r;
	struct dm_block *sblock;
	struct thin_disk_superblock *disk_super;

	r = dm_bm_read_lock(pmd->bm, THIN_SUPERBLOCK_LOCATION,
			    &sb_validator, &sblock);
	if (r < 0) {
		DMERR("couldn't read superblock");
		return r;
	}

	disk_super = dm_block_data(sblock);

	/* Verify the data block size hasn't changed */
	if (le32_to_cpu(disk_super->data_block_size) != pmd->data_block_size) {
		DMERR("changing the data block size (from %u to %llu) is not supported",
		      le32_to_cpu(disk_super->data_block_size),
		      (unsigned long long)pmd->data_block_size);
		r = -EINVAL;
		goto bad_unlock_sblock;
	}

	r = __check_incompat_features(disk_super, pmd);
	if (r < 0)
		goto bad_unlock_sblock;

	r = dm_tm_open_with_sm(pmd->bm, THIN_SUPERBLOCK_LOCATION,
			       disk_super->metadata_space_map_root,
			       sizeof(disk_super->metadata_space_map_root),
			       &pmd->tm, &pmd->metadata_sm);
	if (r < 0) {
		DMERR("tm_open_with_sm failed");
		goto bad_unlock_sblock;
	}

	pmd->data_sm = dm_sm_disk_open(pmd->tm, disk_super->data_space_map_root,
				       sizeof(disk_super->data_space_map_root));
	if (IS_ERR(pmd->data_sm)) {
		DMERR("sm_disk_open failed");
		r = PTR_ERR(pmd->data_sm);
		goto bad_cleanup_tm;
	}

	pmd->nb_tm = dm_tm_create_non_blocking_clone(pmd->tm);
	if (!pmd->nb_tm) {
		DMERR("could not create non-blocking clone tm");
		r = -ENOMEM;
		goto bad_cleanup_data_sm;
	}

	__setup_btree_details(pmd);
	dm_bm_unlock(sblock);

	return 0;

bad_cleanup_data_sm:
	dm_sm_destroy(pmd->data_sm);
bad_cleanup_tm:
	dm_tm_destroy(pmd->tm);
	dm_sm_destroy(pmd->metadata_sm);
bad_unlock_sblock:
	dm_bm_unlock(sblock);

	return r;
}

static int __open_or_format_metadata(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd, bool format_device)
{
	int r, unformatted;

	r = __superblock_all_zeroes(pmd->bm, &unformatted);
	if (r)
		return r;

	if (unformatted)
		return format_device ? __format_metadata(pmd) : -EPERM;

	return __open_metadata(pmd);
}

static int __create_persistent_data_objects(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd, bool format_device)
{
	int r;

	pmd->bm = dm_block_manager_create(pmd->bdev, THIN_METADATA_BLOCK_SIZE << SECTOR_SHIFT,
					  THIN_MAX_CONCURRENT_LOCKS);
	if (IS_ERR(pmd->bm)) {
		DMERR("could not create block manager");
		return PTR_ERR(pmd->bm);
	}

	r = __open_or_format_metadata(pmd, format_device);
	if (r)
		dm_block_manager_destroy(pmd->bm);

	return r;
}

static void __destroy_persistent_data_objects(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	dm_sm_destroy(pmd->data_sm);
	dm_sm_destroy(pmd->metadata_sm);
	dm_tm_destroy(pmd->nb_tm);
	dm_tm_destroy(pmd->tm);
	dm_block_manager_destroy(pmd->bm);
}

static int __begin_transaction(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	int r;
	struct thin_disk_superblock *disk_super;
	struct dm_block *sblock;

	/*
	 * We re-read the superblock every time.  Shouldn't need to do this
	 * really.
	 */
	r = dm_bm_read_lock(pmd->bm, THIN_SUPERBLOCK_LOCATION,
			    &sb_validator, &sblock);
	if (r)
		return r;

	disk_super = dm_block_data(sblock);
	pmd->time = le32_to_cpu(disk_super->time);
	pmd->root = le64_to_cpu(disk_super->data_mapping_root);
	pmd->details_root = le64_to_cpu(disk_super->device_details_root);
	pmd->trans_id = le64_to_cpu(disk_super->trans_id);
	pmd->flags = le32_to_cpu(disk_super->flags);
	pmd->data_block_size = le32_to_cpu(disk_super->data_block_size);

	dm_bm_unlock(sblock);
	return 0;
}

static int __write_changed_details(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	int r;
	struct dm_thin_device *td, *tmp;
	struct disk_device_details details;
	uint64_t key;

	list_for_each_entry_safe(td, tmp, &pmd->thin_devices, list) {
		if (!td->changed)
			continue;

		key = td->id;

		details.mapped_blocks = cpu_to_le64(td->mapped_blocks);
		details.transaction_id = cpu_to_le64(td->transaction_id);
		details.creation_time = cpu_to_le32(td->creation_time);
		details.snapshotted_time = cpu_to_le32(td->snapshotted_time);
		__dm_bless_for_disk(&details);

		r = dm_btree_insert(&pmd->details_info, pmd->details_root,
				    &key, &details, &pmd->details_root);
		if (r)
			return r;

		if (td->open_count)
			td->changed = 0;
		else {
			list_del(&td->list);
			kfree(td);
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

static int __commit_transaction(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	int r;
	struct thin_disk_superblock *disk_super;
	struct dm_block *sblock;

	/*
	 * We need to know if the thin_disk_superblock exceeds a 512-byte sector.
	 */
	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct thin_disk_superblock) > 512);

	r = __write_changed_details(pmd);
	if (r < 0)
		return r;

	r = dm_sm_commit(pmd->data_sm);
	if (r < 0)
		return r;

	r = dm_tm_pre_commit(pmd->tm);
	if (r < 0)
		return r;

	r = save_sm_roots(pmd);
	if (r < 0)
		return r;

	r = superblock_lock(pmd, &sblock);
	if (r)
		return r;

	disk_super = dm_block_data(sblock);
	disk_super->time = cpu_to_le32(pmd->time);
	disk_super->data_mapping_root = cpu_to_le64(pmd->root);
	disk_super->device_details_root = cpu_to_le64(pmd->details_root);
	disk_super->trans_id = cpu_to_le64(pmd->trans_id);
	disk_super->flags = cpu_to_le32(pmd->flags);

	copy_sm_roots(pmd, disk_super);

	return dm_tm_commit(pmd->tm, sblock);
}

struct dm_pool_metadata *dm_pool_metadata_open(struct block_device *bdev,
					       sector_t data_block_size,
					       bool format_device)
{
	int r;
	struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd;

	pmd = kmalloc(sizeof(*pmd), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!pmd) {
		DMERR("could not allocate metadata struct");
		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
	}

	init_rwsem(&pmd->root_lock);
	pmd->time = 0;
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pmd->thin_devices);
	pmd->fail_io = false;
	pmd->bdev = bdev;
	pmd->data_block_size = data_block_size;

	r = __create_persistent_data_objects(pmd, format_device);
	if (r) {
		kfree(pmd);
		return ERR_PTR(r);
	}

	r = __begin_transaction(pmd);
	if (r < 0) {
		if (dm_pool_metadata_close(pmd) < 0)
			DMWARN("%s: dm_pool_metadata_close() failed.", __func__);
		return ERR_PTR(r);
	}

	return pmd;
}

int dm_pool_metadata_close(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	int r;
	unsigned open_devices = 0;
	struct dm_thin_device *td, *tmp;

	down_read(&pmd->root_lock);
	list_for_each_entry_safe(td, tmp, &pmd->thin_devices, list) {
		if (td->open_count)
			open_devices++;
		else {
			list_del(&td->list);
			kfree(td);
		}
	}
	up_read(&pmd->root_lock);

	if (open_devices) {
		DMERR("attempt to close pmd when %u device(s) are still open",
		       open_devices);
		return -EBUSY;
	}

	if (!dm_bm_is_read_only(pmd->bm) && !pmd->fail_io) {
		r = __commit_transaction(pmd);
		if (r < 0)
			DMWARN("%s: __commit_transaction() failed, error = %d",
			       __func__, r);
	}

	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		__destroy_persistent_data_objects(pmd);

	kfree(pmd);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * __open_device: Returns @td corresponding to device with id @dev,
 * creating it if @create is set and incrementing @td->open_count.
 * On failure, @td is undefined.
 */
static int __open_device(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd,
			 dm_thin_id dev, int create,
			 struct dm_thin_device **td)
{
	int r, changed = 0;
	struct dm_thin_device *td2;
	uint64_t key = dev;
	struct disk_device_details details_le;

	/*
	 * If the device is already open, return it.
	 */
	list_for_each_entry(td2, &pmd->thin_devices, list)
		if (td2->id == dev) {
			/*
			 * May not create an already-open device.
			 */
			if (create)
				return -EEXIST;

			td2->open_count++;
			*td = td2;
			return 0;
		}

	/*
	 * Check the device exists.
	 */
	r = dm_btree_lookup(&pmd->details_info, pmd->details_root,
			    &key, &details_le);
	if (r) {
		if (r != -ENODATA || !create)
			return r;

		/*
		 * Create new device.
		 */
		changed = 1;
		details_le.mapped_blocks = 0;
		details_le.transaction_id = cpu_to_le64(pmd->trans_id);
		details_le.creation_time = cpu_to_le32(pmd->time);
		details_le.snapshotted_time = cpu_to_le32(pmd->time);
	}

	*td = kmalloc(sizeof(**td), GFP_NOIO);
	if (!*td)
		return -ENOMEM;

	(*td)->pmd = pmd;
	(*td)->id = dev;
	(*td)->open_count = 1;
	(*td)->changed = changed;
	(*td)->aborted_with_changes = false;
	(*td)->mapped_blocks = le64_to_cpu(details_le.mapped_blocks);
	(*td)->transaction_id = le64_to_cpu(details_le.transaction_id);
	(*td)->creation_time = le32_to_cpu(details_le.creation_time);
	(*td)->snapshotted_time = le32_to_cpu(details_le.snapshotted_time);

	list_add(&(*td)->list, &pmd->thin_devices);

	return 0;
}

static void __close_device(struct dm_thin_device *td)
{
	--td->open_count;
}

static int __create_thin(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd,
			 dm_thin_id dev)
{
	int r;
	dm_block_t dev_root;
	uint64_t key = dev;
	struct disk_device_details details_le;
	struct dm_thin_device *td;
	__le64 value;

	r = dm_btree_lookup(&pmd->details_info, pmd->details_root,
			    &key, &details_le);
	if (!r)
		return -EEXIST;

	/*
	 * Create an empty btree for the mappings.
	 */
	r = dm_btree_empty(&pmd->bl_info, &dev_root);
	if (r)
		return r;

	/*
	 * Insert it into the main mapping tree.
	 */
	value = cpu_to_le64(dev_root);
	__dm_bless_for_disk(&value);
	r = dm_btree_insert(&pmd->tl_info, pmd->root, &key, &value, &pmd->root);
	if (r) {
		dm_btree_del(&pmd->bl_info, dev_root);
		return r;
	}

	r = __open_device(pmd, dev, 1, &td);
	if (r) {
		dm_btree_remove(&pmd->tl_info, pmd->root, &key, &pmd->root);
		dm_btree_del(&pmd->bl_info, dev_root);
		return r;
	}
	__close_device(td);

	return r;
}

int dm_pool_create_thin(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd, dm_thin_id dev)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		r = __create_thin(pmd, dev);
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

static int __set_snapshot_details(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd,
				  struct dm_thin_device *snap,
				  dm_thin_id origin, uint32_t time)
{
	int r;
	struct dm_thin_device *td;

	r = __open_device(pmd, origin, 0, &td);
	if (r)
		return r;

	td->changed = 1;
	td->snapshotted_time = time;

	snap->mapped_blocks = td->mapped_blocks;
	snap->snapshotted_time = time;
	__close_device(td);

	return 0;
}

static int __create_snap(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd,
			 dm_thin_id dev, dm_thin_id origin)
{
	int r;
	dm_block_t origin_root;
	uint64_t key = origin, dev_key = dev;
	struct dm_thin_device *td;
	struct disk_device_details details_le;
	__le64 value;

	/* check this device is unused */
	r = dm_btree_lookup(&pmd->details_info, pmd->details_root,
			    &dev_key, &details_le);
	if (!r)
		return -EEXIST;

	/* find the mapping tree for the origin */
	r = dm_btree_lookup(&pmd->tl_info, pmd->root, &key, &value);
	if (r)
		return r;
	origin_root = le64_to_cpu(value);

	/* clone the origin, an inc will do */
	dm_tm_inc(pmd->tm, origin_root);

	/* insert into the main mapping tree */
	value = cpu_to_le64(origin_root);
	__dm_bless_for_disk(&value);
	key = dev;
	r = dm_btree_insert(&pmd->tl_info, pmd->root, &key, &value, &pmd->root);
	if (r) {
		dm_tm_dec(pmd->tm, origin_root);
		return r;
	}

	pmd->time++;

	r = __open_device(pmd, dev, 1, &td);
	if (r)
		goto bad;

	r = __set_snapshot_details(pmd, td, origin, pmd->time);
	__close_device(td);

	if (r)
		goto bad;

	return 0;

bad:
	dm_btree_remove(&pmd->tl_info, pmd->root, &key, &pmd->root);
	dm_btree_remove(&pmd->details_info, pmd->details_root,
			&key, &pmd->details_root);
	return r;
}

int dm_pool_create_snap(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd,
				 dm_thin_id dev,
				 dm_thin_id origin)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		r = __create_snap(pmd, dev, origin);
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

static int __delete_device(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd, dm_thin_id dev)
{
	int r;
	uint64_t key = dev;
	struct dm_thin_device *td;

	/* TODO: failure should mark the transaction invalid */
	r = __open_device(pmd, dev, 0, &td);
	if (r)
		return r;

	if (td->open_count > 1) {
		__close_device(td);
		return -EBUSY;
	}

	list_del(&td->list);
	kfree(td);
	r = dm_btree_remove(&pmd->details_info, pmd->details_root,
			    &key, &pmd->details_root);
	if (r)
		return r;

	r = dm_btree_remove(&pmd->tl_info, pmd->root, &key, &pmd->root);
	if (r)
		return r;

	return 0;
}

int dm_pool_delete_thin_device(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd,
			       dm_thin_id dev)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		r = __delete_device(pmd, dev);
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_pool_set_metadata_transaction_id(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd,
					uint64_t current_id,
					uint64_t new_id)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);

	if (pmd->fail_io)
		goto out;

	if (pmd->trans_id != current_id) {
		DMERR("mismatched transaction id");
		goto out;
	}

	pmd->trans_id = new_id;
	r = 0;

out:
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_pool_get_metadata_transaction_id(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd,
					uint64_t *result)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_read(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io) {
		*result = pmd->trans_id;
		r = 0;
	}
	up_read(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

static int __reserve_metadata_snap(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	int r, inc;
	struct thin_disk_superblock *disk_super;
	struct dm_block *copy, *sblock;
	dm_block_t held_root;

	/*
	 * We commit to ensure the btree roots which we increment in a
	 * moment are up to date.
	 */
	__commit_transaction(pmd);

	/*
	 * Copy the superblock.
	 */
	dm_sm_inc_block(pmd->metadata_sm, THIN_SUPERBLOCK_LOCATION);
	r = dm_tm_shadow_block(pmd->tm, THIN_SUPERBLOCK_LOCATION,
			       &sb_validator, &copy, &inc);
	if (r)
		return r;

	BUG_ON(!inc);

	held_root = dm_block_location(copy);
	disk_super = dm_block_data(copy);

	if (le64_to_cpu(disk_super->held_root)) {
		DMWARN("Pool metadata snapshot already exists: release this before taking another.");

		dm_tm_dec(pmd->tm, held_root);
		dm_tm_unlock(pmd->tm, copy);
		return -EBUSY;
	}

	/*
	 * Wipe the spacemap since we're not publishing this.
	 */
	memset(&disk_super->data_space_map_root, 0,
	       sizeof(disk_super->data_space_map_root));
	memset(&disk_super->metadata_space_map_root, 0,
	       sizeof(disk_super->metadata_space_map_root));

	/*
	 * Increment the data structures that need to be preserved.
	 */
	dm_tm_inc(pmd->tm, le64_to_cpu(disk_super->data_mapping_root));
	dm_tm_inc(pmd->tm, le64_to_cpu(disk_super->device_details_root));
	dm_tm_unlock(pmd->tm, copy);

	/*
	 * Write the held root into the superblock.
	 */
	r = superblock_lock(pmd, &sblock);
	if (r) {
		dm_tm_dec(pmd->tm, held_root);
		return r;
	}

	disk_super = dm_block_data(sblock);
	disk_super->held_root = cpu_to_le64(held_root);
	dm_bm_unlock(sblock);
	return 0;
}

int dm_pool_reserve_metadata_snap(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		r = __reserve_metadata_snap(pmd);
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

static int __release_metadata_snap(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	int r;
	struct thin_disk_superblock *disk_super;
	struct dm_block *sblock, *copy;
	dm_block_t held_root;

	r = superblock_lock(pmd, &sblock);
	if (r)
		return r;

	disk_super = dm_block_data(sblock);
	held_root = le64_to_cpu(disk_super->held_root);
	disk_super->held_root = cpu_to_le64(0);

	dm_bm_unlock(sblock);

	if (!held_root) {
		DMWARN("No pool metadata snapshot found: nothing to release.");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	r = dm_tm_read_lock(pmd->tm, held_root, &sb_validator, &copy);
	if (r)
		return r;

	disk_super = dm_block_data(copy);
	dm_btree_del(&pmd->info, le64_to_cpu(disk_super->data_mapping_root));
	dm_btree_del(&pmd->details_info, le64_to_cpu(disk_super->device_details_root));
	dm_sm_dec_block(pmd->metadata_sm, held_root);

	dm_tm_unlock(pmd->tm, copy);

	return 0;
}

int dm_pool_release_metadata_snap(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		r = __release_metadata_snap(pmd);
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

static int __get_metadata_snap(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd,
			       dm_block_t *result)
{
	int r;
	struct thin_disk_superblock *disk_super;
	struct dm_block *sblock;

	r = dm_bm_read_lock(pmd->bm, THIN_SUPERBLOCK_LOCATION,
			    &sb_validator, &sblock);
	if (r)
		return r;

	disk_super = dm_block_data(sblock);
	*result = le64_to_cpu(disk_super->held_root);

	dm_bm_unlock(sblock);

	return 0;
}

int dm_pool_get_metadata_snap(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd,
			      dm_block_t *result)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_read(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		r = __get_metadata_snap(pmd, result);
	up_read(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_pool_open_thin_device(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd, dm_thin_id dev,
			     struct dm_thin_device **td)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		r = __open_device(pmd, dev, 0, td);
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_pool_close_thin_device(struct dm_thin_device *td)
{
	down_write(&td->pmd->root_lock);
	__close_device(td);
	up_write(&td->pmd->root_lock);

	return 0;
}

dm_thin_id dm_thin_dev_id(struct dm_thin_device *td)
{
	return td->id;
}

/*
 * Check whether @time (of block creation) is older than @td's last snapshot.
 * If so then the associated block is shared with the last snapshot device.
 * Any block on a device created *after* the device last got snapshotted is
 * necessarily not shared.
 */
static bool __snapshotted_since(struct dm_thin_device *td, uint32_t time)
{
	return td->snapshotted_time > time;
}

static void unpack_lookup_result(struct dm_thin_device *td, __le64 value,
				 struct dm_thin_lookup_result *result)
{
	uint64_t block_time = 0;
	dm_block_t exception_block;
	uint32_t exception_time;

	block_time = le64_to_cpu(value);
	unpack_block_time(block_time, &exception_block, &exception_time);
	result->block = exception_block;
	result->shared = __snapshotted_since(td, exception_time);
}

static int __find_block(struct dm_thin_device *td, dm_block_t block,
			int can_issue_io, struct dm_thin_lookup_result *result)
{
	int r;
	__le64 value;
	struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd = td->pmd;
	dm_block_t keys[2] = { td->id, block };
	struct dm_btree_info *info;

	if (can_issue_io) {
		info = &pmd->info;
	} else
		info = &pmd->nb_info;

	r = dm_btree_lookup(info, pmd->root, keys, &value);
	if (!r)
		unpack_lookup_result(td, value, result);

	return r;
}

int dm_thin_find_block(struct dm_thin_device *td, dm_block_t block,
		       int can_issue_io, struct dm_thin_lookup_result *result)
{
	int r;
	struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd = td->pmd;

	down_read(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (pmd->fail_io) {
		up_read(&pmd->root_lock);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	r = __find_block(td, block, can_issue_io, result);

	up_read(&pmd->root_lock);
	return r;
}

static int __find_next_mapped_block(struct dm_thin_device *td, dm_block_t block,
					  dm_block_t *vblock,
					  struct dm_thin_lookup_result *result)
{
	int r;
	__le64 value;
	struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd = td->pmd;
	dm_block_t keys[2] = { td->id, block };

	r = dm_btree_lookup_next(&pmd->info, pmd->root, keys, vblock, &value);
	if (!r)
		unpack_lookup_result(td, value, result);

	return r;
}

static int __find_mapped_range(struct dm_thin_device *td,
			       dm_block_t begin, dm_block_t end,
			       dm_block_t *thin_begin, dm_block_t *thin_end,
			       dm_block_t *pool_begin, bool *maybe_shared)
{
	int r;
	dm_block_t pool_end;
	struct dm_thin_lookup_result lookup;

	if (end < begin)
		return -ENODATA;

	r = __find_next_mapped_block(td, begin, &begin, &lookup);
	if (r)
		return r;

	if (begin >= end)
		return -ENODATA;

	*thin_begin = begin;
	*pool_begin = lookup.block;
	*maybe_shared = lookup.shared;

	begin++;
	pool_end = *pool_begin + 1;
	while (begin != end) {
		r = __find_block(td, begin, true, &lookup);
		if (r) {
			if (r == -ENODATA)
				break;
			else
				return r;
		}

		if ((lookup.block != pool_end) ||
		    (lookup.shared != *maybe_shared))
			break;

		pool_end++;
		begin++;
	}

	*thin_end = begin;
	return 0;
}

int dm_thin_find_mapped_range(struct dm_thin_device *td,
			      dm_block_t begin, dm_block_t end,
			      dm_block_t *thin_begin, dm_block_t *thin_end,
			      dm_block_t *pool_begin, bool *maybe_shared)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;
	struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd = td->pmd;

	down_read(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io) {
		r = __find_mapped_range(td, begin, end, thin_begin, thin_end,
					pool_begin, maybe_shared);
	}
	up_read(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

static int __insert(struct dm_thin_device *td, dm_block_t block,
		    dm_block_t data_block)
{
	int r, inserted;
	__le64 value;
	struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd = td->pmd;
	dm_block_t keys[2] = { td->id, block };

	value = cpu_to_le64(pack_block_time(data_block, pmd->time));
	__dm_bless_for_disk(&value);

	r = dm_btree_insert_notify(&pmd->info, pmd->root, keys, &value,
				   &pmd->root, &inserted);
	if (r)
		return r;

	td->changed = 1;
	if (inserted)
		td->mapped_blocks++;

	return 0;
}

int dm_thin_insert_block(struct dm_thin_device *td, dm_block_t block,
			 dm_block_t data_block)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_write(&td->pmd->root_lock);
	if (!td->pmd->fail_io)
		r = __insert(td, block, data_block);
	up_write(&td->pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

static int __remove(struct dm_thin_device *td, dm_block_t block)
{
	int r;
	struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd = td->pmd;
	dm_block_t keys[2] = { td->id, block };

	r = dm_btree_remove(&pmd->info, pmd->root, keys, &pmd->root);
	if (r)
		return r;

	td->mapped_blocks--;
	td->changed = 1;

	return 0;
}

static int __remove_range(struct dm_thin_device *td, dm_block_t begin, dm_block_t end)
{
	int r;
	unsigned count, total_count = 0;
	struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd = td->pmd;
	dm_block_t keys[1] = { td->id };
	__le64 value;
	dm_block_t mapping_root;

	/*
	 * Find the mapping tree
	 */
	r = dm_btree_lookup(&pmd->tl_info, pmd->root, keys, &value);
	if (r)
		return r;

	/*
	 * Remove from the mapping tree, taking care to inc the
	 * ref count so it doesn't get deleted.
	 */
	mapping_root = le64_to_cpu(value);
	dm_tm_inc(pmd->tm, mapping_root);
	r = dm_btree_remove(&pmd->tl_info, pmd->root, keys, &pmd->root);
	if (r)
		return r;

	/*
	 * Remove leaves stops at the first unmapped entry, so we have to
	 * loop round finding mapped ranges.
	 */
	while (begin < end) {
		r = dm_btree_lookup_next(&pmd->bl_info, mapping_root, &begin, &begin, &value);
		if (r == -ENODATA)
			break;

		if (r)
			return r;

		if (begin >= end)
			break;

		r = dm_btree_remove_leaves(&pmd->bl_info, mapping_root, &begin, end, &mapping_root, &count);
		if (r)
			return r;

		total_count += count;
	}

	td->mapped_blocks -= total_count;
	td->changed = 1;

	/*
	 * Reinsert the mapping tree.
	 */
	value = cpu_to_le64(mapping_root);
	__dm_bless_for_disk(&value);
	return dm_btree_insert(&pmd->tl_info, pmd->root, keys, &value, &pmd->root);
}

int dm_thin_remove_block(struct dm_thin_device *td, dm_block_t block)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_write(&td->pmd->root_lock);
	if (!td->pmd->fail_io)
		r = __remove(td, block);
	up_write(&td->pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_thin_remove_range(struct dm_thin_device *td,
			 dm_block_t begin, dm_block_t end)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_write(&td->pmd->root_lock);
	if (!td->pmd->fail_io)
		r = __remove_range(td, begin, end);
	up_write(&td->pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_pool_block_is_used(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd, dm_block_t b, bool *result)
{
	int r;
	uint32_t ref_count;

	down_read(&pmd->root_lock);
	r = dm_sm_get_count(pmd->data_sm, b, &ref_count);
	if (!r)
		*result = (ref_count != 0);
	up_read(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_pool_inc_data_range(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd, dm_block_t b, dm_block_t e)
{
	int r = 0;

	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	for (; b != e; b++) {
		r = dm_sm_inc_block(pmd->data_sm, b);
		if (r)
			break;
	}
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_pool_dec_data_range(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd, dm_block_t b, dm_block_t e)
{
	int r = 0;

	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	for (; b != e; b++) {
		r = dm_sm_dec_block(pmd->data_sm, b);
		if (r)
			break;
	}
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

bool dm_thin_changed_this_transaction(struct dm_thin_device *td)
{
	int r;

	down_read(&td->pmd->root_lock);
	r = td->changed;
	up_read(&td->pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

bool dm_pool_changed_this_transaction(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	bool r = false;
	struct dm_thin_device *td, *tmp;

	down_read(&pmd->root_lock);
	list_for_each_entry_safe(td, tmp, &pmd->thin_devices, list) {
		if (td->changed) {
			r = td->changed;
			break;
		}
	}
	up_read(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

bool dm_thin_aborted_changes(struct dm_thin_device *td)
{
	bool r;

	down_read(&td->pmd->root_lock);
	r = td->aborted_with_changes;
	up_read(&td->pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_pool_alloc_data_block(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd, dm_block_t *result)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		r = dm_sm_new_block(pmd->data_sm, result);
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_pool_commit_metadata(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (pmd->fail_io)
		goto out;

	r = __commit_transaction(pmd);
	if (r <= 0)
		goto out;

	/*
	 * Open the next transaction.
	 */
	r = __begin_transaction(pmd);
out:
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	return r;
}

static void __set_abort_with_changes_flags(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	struct dm_thin_device *td;

	list_for_each_entry(td, &pmd->thin_devices, list)
		td->aborted_with_changes = td->changed;
}

int dm_pool_abort_metadata(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (pmd->fail_io)
		goto out;

	__set_abort_with_changes_flags(pmd);
	__destroy_persistent_data_objects(pmd);
	r = __create_persistent_data_objects(pmd, false);
	if (r)
		pmd->fail_io = true;

out:
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_pool_get_free_block_count(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd, dm_block_t *result)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_read(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		r = dm_sm_get_nr_free(pmd->data_sm, result);
	up_read(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_pool_get_free_metadata_block_count(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd,
					  dm_block_t *result)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_read(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		r = dm_sm_get_nr_free(pmd->metadata_sm, result);
	up_read(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_pool_get_metadata_dev_size(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd,
				  dm_block_t *result)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_read(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		r = dm_sm_get_nr_blocks(pmd->metadata_sm, result);
	up_read(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_pool_get_data_dev_size(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd, dm_block_t *result)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_read(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		r = dm_sm_get_nr_blocks(pmd->data_sm, result);
	up_read(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_thin_get_mapped_count(struct dm_thin_device *td, dm_block_t *result)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;
	struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd = td->pmd;

	down_read(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io) {
		*result = td->mapped_blocks;
		r = 0;
	}
	up_read(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

static int __highest_block(struct dm_thin_device *td, dm_block_t *result)
{
	int r;
	__le64 value_le;
	dm_block_t thin_root;
	struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd = td->pmd;

	r = dm_btree_lookup(&pmd->tl_info, pmd->root, &td->id, &value_le);
	if (r)
		return r;

	thin_root = le64_to_cpu(value_le);

	return dm_btree_find_highest_key(&pmd->bl_info, thin_root, result);
}

int dm_thin_get_highest_mapped_block(struct dm_thin_device *td,
				     dm_block_t *result)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;
	struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd = td->pmd;

	down_read(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		r = __highest_block(td, result);
	up_read(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

static int __resize_space_map(struct dm_space_map *sm, dm_block_t new_count)
{
	int r;
	dm_block_t old_count;

	r = dm_sm_get_nr_blocks(sm, &old_count);
	if (r)
		return r;

	if (new_count == old_count)
		return 0;

	if (new_count < old_count) {
		DMERR("cannot reduce size of space map");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	return dm_sm_extend(sm, new_count - old_count);
}

int dm_pool_resize_data_dev(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd, dm_block_t new_count)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		r = __resize_space_map(pmd->data_sm, new_count);
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_pool_resize_metadata_dev(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd, dm_block_t new_count)
{
	int r = -EINVAL;

	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		r = __resize_space_map(pmd->metadata_sm, new_count);
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

void dm_pool_metadata_read_only(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	dm_bm_set_read_only(pmd->bm);
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);
}

void dm_pool_metadata_read_write(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	dm_bm_set_read_write(pmd->bm);
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);
}

int dm_pool_register_metadata_threshold(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd,
					dm_block_t threshold,
					dm_sm_threshold_fn fn,
					void *context)
{
	int r;

	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	r = dm_sm_register_threshold_callback(pmd->metadata_sm, threshold, fn, context);
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);

	return r;
}

int dm_pool_metadata_set_needs_check(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	int r;
	struct dm_block *sblock;
	struct thin_disk_superblock *disk_super;

	down_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	pmd->flags |= THIN_METADATA_NEEDS_CHECK_FLAG;

	r = superblock_lock(pmd, &sblock);
	if (r) {
		DMERR("couldn't read superblock");
		goto out;
	}

	disk_super = dm_block_data(sblock);
	disk_super->flags = cpu_to_le32(pmd->flags);

	dm_bm_unlock(sblock);
out:
	up_write(&pmd->root_lock);
	return r;
}

bool dm_pool_metadata_needs_check(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	bool needs_check;

	down_read(&pmd->root_lock);
	needs_check = pmd->flags & THIN_METADATA_NEEDS_CHECK_FLAG;
	up_read(&pmd->root_lock);

	return needs_check;
}

void dm_pool_issue_prefetches(struct dm_pool_metadata *pmd)
{
	down_read(&pmd->root_lock);
	if (!pmd->fail_io)
		dm_tm_issue_prefetches(pmd->tm);
	up_read(&pmd->root_lock);
}