// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
 * Core of Xen paravirt_ops implementation.
 *
 * This file contains the xen_paravirt_ops structure itself, and the
 * implementations for:
 * - privileged instructions
 * - interrupt flags
 * - segment operations
 * - booting and setup
 *
 * Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@xensource.com>, XenSource Inc, 2007
 */

#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/preempt.h>
#include <linux/hardirq.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/start_kernel.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/kprobes.h>
#include <linux/memblock.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/page-flags.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/console.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/edd.h>
#include <linux/objtool.h>

#include <xen/xen.h>
#include <xen/events.h>
#include <xen/interface/xen.h>
#include <xen/interface/version.h>
#include <xen/interface/physdev.h>
#include <xen/interface/vcpu.h>
#include <xen/interface/memory.h>
#include <xen/interface/nmi.h>
#include <xen/interface/xen-mca.h>
#include <xen/features.h>
#include <xen/page.h>
#include <xen/hvc-console.h>
#include <xen/acpi.h>

#include <asm/paravirt.h>
#include <asm/apic.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/xen/pci.h>
#include <asm/xen/hypercall.h>
#include <asm/xen/hypervisor.h>
#include <asm/xen/cpuid.h>
#include <asm/fixmap.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/proto.h>
#include <asm/msr-index.h>
#include <asm/traps.h>
#include <asm/setup.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/reboot.h>
#include <asm/stackprotector.h>
#include <asm/hypervisor.h>
#include <asm/mach_traps.h>
#include <asm/mwait.h>
#include <asm/pci_x86.h>
#include <asm/cpu.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_IOPL_IOPERM
#include <asm/io_bitmap.h>
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI
#include <linux/acpi.h>
#include <asm/acpi.h>
#include <acpi/pdc_intel.h>
#include <acpi/processor.h>
#include <xen/interface/platform.h>
#endif

#include "xen-ops.h"
#include "mmu.h"
#include "smp.h"
#include "multicalls.h"
#include "pmu.h"

#include "../kernel/cpu/cpu.h" /* get_cpu_cap() */

void *xen_initial_gdt;

static int xen_cpu_up_prepare_pv(unsigned int cpu);
static int xen_cpu_dead_pv(unsigned int cpu);

struct tls_descs {
	struct desc_struct desc[3];
};

/*
 * Updating the 3 TLS descriptors in the GDT on every task switch is
 * surprisingly expensive so we avoid updating them if they haven't
 * changed.  Since Xen writes different descriptors than the one
 * passed in the update_descriptor hypercall we keep shadow copies to
 * compare against.
 */
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct tls_descs, shadow_tls_desc);

static void __init xen_banner(void)
{
	unsigned version = HYPERVISOR_xen_version(XENVER_version, NULL);
	struct xen_extraversion extra;
	HYPERVISOR_xen_version(XENVER_extraversion, &extra);

	pr_info("Booting paravirtualized kernel on %s\n", pv_info.name);
	printk(KERN_INFO "Xen version: %d.%d%s%s\n",
	       version >> 16, version & 0xffff, extra.extraversion,
	       xen_feature(XENFEAT_mmu_pt_update_preserve_ad) ? " (preserve-AD)" : "");
}

static void __init xen_pv_init_platform(void)
{
	populate_extra_pte(fix_to_virt(FIX_PARAVIRT_BOOTMAP));

	set_fixmap(FIX_PARAVIRT_BOOTMAP, xen_start_info->shared_info);
	HYPERVISOR_shared_info = (void *)fix_to_virt(FIX_PARAVIRT_BOOTMAP);

	/* xen clock uses per-cpu vcpu_info, need to init it for boot cpu */
	xen_vcpu_info_reset(0);

	/* pvclock is in shared info area */
	xen_init_time_ops();
}

static void __init xen_pv_guest_late_init(void)
{
#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
	/* Setup shared vcpu info for non-smp configurations */
	xen_setup_vcpu_info_placement();
#endif
}

/* Check if running on Xen version (major, minor) or later */
bool
xen_running_on_version_or_later(unsigned int major, unsigned int minor)
{
	unsigned int version;

	if (!xen_domain())
		return false;

	version = HYPERVISOR_xen_version(XENVER_version, NULL);
	if ((((version >> 16) == major) && ((version & 0xffff) >= minor)) ||
		((version >> 16) > major))
		return true;
	return false;
}

static __read_mostly unsigned int cpuid_leaf5_ecx_val;
static __read_mostly unsigned int cpuid_leaf5_edx_val;

static void xen_cpuid(unsigned int *ax, unsigned int *bx,
		      unsigned int *cx, unsigned int *dx)
{
	unsigned maskebx = ~0;

	/*
	 * Mask out inconvenient features, to try and disable as many
	 * unsupported kernel subsystems as possible.
	 */
	switch (*ax) {
	case CPUID_MWAIT_LEAF:
		/* Synthesize the values.. */
		*ax = 0;
		*bx = 0;
		*cx = cpuid_leaf5_ecx_val;
		*dx = cpuid_leaf5_edx_val;
		return;

	case 0xb:
		/* Suppress extended topology stuff */
		maskebx = 0;
		break;
	}

	asm(XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX "cpuid"
		: "=a" (*ax),
		  "=b" (*bx),
		  "=c" (*cx),
		  "=d" (*dx)
		: "0" (*ax), "2" (*cx));

	*bx &= maskebx;
}
STACK_FRAME_NON_STANDARD(xen_cpuid); /* XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX */

static bool __init xen_check_mwait(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI
	struct xen_platform_op op = {
		.cmd			= XENPF_set_processor_pminfo,
		.u.set_pminfo.id	= -1,
		.u.set_pminfo.type	= XEN_PM_PDC,
	};
	uint32_t buf[3];
	unsigned int ax, bx, cx, dx;
	unsigned int mwait_mask;

	/* We need to determine whether it is OK to expose the MWAIT
	 * capability to the kernel to harvest deeper than C3 states from ACPI
	 * _CST using the processor_harvest_xen.c module. For this to work, we
	 * need to gather the MWAIT_LEAF values (which the cstate.c code
	 * checks against). The hypervisor won't expose the MWAIT flag because
	 * it would break backwards compatibility; so we will find out directly
	 * from the hardware and hypercall.
	 */
	if (!xen_initial_domain())
		return false;

	/*
	 * When running under platform earlier than Xen4.2, do not expose
	 * mwait, to avoid the risk of loading native acpi pad driver
	 */
	if (!xen_running_on_version_or_later(4, 2))
		return false;

	ax = 1;
	cx = 0;

	native_cpuid(&ax, &bx, &cx, &dx);

	mwait_mask = (1 << (X86_FEATURE_EST % 32)) |
		     (1 << (X86_FEATURE_MWAIT % 32));

	if ((cx & mwait_mask) != mwait_mask)
		return false;

	/* We need to emulate the MWAIT_LEAF and for that we need both
	 * ecx and edx. The hypercall provides only partial information.
	 */

	ax = CPUID_MWAIT_LEAF;
	bx = 0;
	cx = 0;
	dx = 0;

	native_cpuid(&ax, &bx, &cx, &dx);

	/* Ask the Hypervisor whether to clear ACPI_PDC_C_C2C3_FFH. If so,
	 * don't expose MWAIT_LEAF and let ACPI pick the IOPORT version of C3.
	 */
	buf[0] = ACPI_PDC_REVISION_ID;
	buf[1] = 1;
	buf[2] = (ACPI_PDC_C_CAPABILITY_SMP | ACPI_PDC_EST_CAPABILITY_SWSMP);

	set_xen_guest_handle(op.u.set_pminfo.pdc, buf);

	if ((HYPERVISOR_platform_op(&op) == 0) &&
	    (buf[2] & (ACPI_PDC_C_C1_FFH | ACPI_PDC_C_C2C3_FFH))) {
		cpuid_leaf5_ecx_val = cx;
		cpuid_leaf5_edx_val = dx;
	}
	return true;
#else
	return false;
#endif
}

static bool __init xen_check_xsave(void)
{
	unsigned int cx, xsave_mask;

	cx = cpuid_ecx(1);

	xsave_mask = (1 << (X86_FEATURE_XSAVE % 32)) |
		     (1 << (X86_FEATURE_OSXSAVE % 32));

	/* Xen will set CR4.OSXSAVE if supported and not disabled by force */
	return (cx & xsave_mask) == xsave_mask;
}

static void __init xen_init_capabilities(void)
{
	setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_XENPV);
	setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_DCA);
	setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_APERFMPERF);
	setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_MTRR);
	setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_ACC);
	setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_X2APIC);
	setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_SME);

	/*
	 * Xen PV would need some work to support PCID: CR3 handling as well
	 * as xen_flush_tlb_others() would need updating.
	 */
	setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_PCID);

	if (!xen_initial_domain())
		setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_ACPI);

	if (xen_check_mwait())
		setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_MWAIT);
	else
		setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_MWAIT);

	if (!xen_check_xsave()) {
		setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_XSAVE);
		setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_OSXSAVE);
	}
}

static void xen_set_debugreg(int reg, unsigned long val)
{
	HYPERVISOR_set_debugreg(reg, val);
}

static unsigned long xen_get_debugreg(int reg)
{
	return HYPERVISOR_get_debugreg(reg);
}

static void xen_end_context_switch(struct task_struct *next)
{
	xen_mc_flush();
	paravirt_end_context_switch(next);
}

static unsigned long xen_store_tr(void)
{
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Set the page permissions for a particular virtual address.  If the
 * address is a vmalloc mapping (or other non-linear mapping), then
 * find the linear mapping of the page and also set its protections to
 * match.
 */
static void set_aliased_prot(void *v, pgprot_t prot)
{
	int level;
	pte_t *ptep;
	pte_t pte;
	unsigned long pfn;
	unsigned char dummy;
	void *va;

	ptep = lookup_address((unsigned long)v, &level);
	BUG_ON(ptep == NULL);

	pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep);
	pte = pfn_pte(pfn, prot);

	/*
	 * Careful: update_va_mapping() will fail if the virtual address
	 * we're poking isn't populated in the page tables.  We don't
	 * need to worry about the direct map (that's always in the page
	 * tables), but we need to be careful about vmap space.  In
	 * particular, the top level page table can lazily propagate
	 * entries between processes, so if we've switched mms since we
	 * vmapped the target in the first place, we might not have the
	 * top-level page table entry populated.
	 *
	 * We disable preemption because we want the same mm active when
	 * we probe the target and when we issue the hypercall.  We'll
	 * have the same nominal mm, but if we're a kernel thread, lazy
	 * mm dropping could change our pgd.
	 *
	 * Out of an abundance of caution, this uses __get_user() to fault
	 * in the target address just in case there's some obscure case
	 * in which the target address isn't readable.
	 */

	preempt_disable();

	copy_from_kernel_nofault(&dummy, v, 1);

	if (HYPERVISOR_update_va_mapping((unsigned long)v, pte, 0))
		BUG();

	va = __va(PFN_PHYS(pfn));

	if (va != v && HYPERVISOR_update_va_mapping((unsigned long)va, pte, 0))
		BUG();

	preempt_enable();
}

static void xen_alloc_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries)
{
	const unsigned entries_per_page = PAGE_SIZE / LDT_ENTRY_SIZE;
	int i;

	/*
	 * We need to mark the all aliases of the LDT pages RO.  We
	 * don't need to call vm_flush_aliases(), though, since that's
	 * only responsible for flushing aliases out the TLBs, not the
	 * page tables, and Xen will flush the TLB for us if needed.
	 *
	 * To avoid confusing future readers: none of this is necessary
	 * to load the LDT.  The hypervisor only checks this when the
	 * LDT is faulted in due to subsequent descriptor access.
	 */

	for (i = 0; i < entries; i += entries_per_page)
		set_aliased_prot(ldt + i, PAGE_KERNEL_RO);
}

static void xen_free_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries)
{
	const unsigned entries_per_page = PAGE_SIZE / LDT_ENTRY_SIZE;
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < entries; i += entries_per_page)
		set_aliased_prot(ldt + i, PAGE_KERNEL);
}

static void xen_set_ldt(const void *addr, unsigned entries)
{
	struct mmuext_op *op;
	struct multicall_space mcs = xen_mc_entry(sizeof(*op));

	trace_xen_cpu_set_ldt(addr, entries);

	op = mcs.args;
	op->cmd = MMUEXT_SET_LDT;
	op->arg1.linear_addr = (unsigned long)addr;
	op->arg2.nr_ents = entries;

	MULTI_mmuext_op(mcs.mc, op, 1, NULL, DOMID_SELF);

	xen_mc_issue(PARAVIRT_LAZY_CPU);
}

static void xen_load_gdt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr)
{
	unsigned long va = dtr->address;
	unsigned int size = dtr->size + 1;
	unsigned long pfn, mfn;
	int level;
	pte_t *ptep;
	void *virt;

	/* @size should be at most GDT_SIZE which is smaller than PAGE_SIZE. */
	BUG_ON(size > PAGE_SIZE);
	BUG_ON(va & ~PAGE_MASK);

	/*
	 * The GDT is per-cpu and is in the percpu data area.
	 * That can be virtually mapped, so we need to do a
	 * page-walk to get the underlying MFN for the
	 * hypercall.  The page can also be in the kernel's
	 * linear range, so we need to RO that mapping too.
	 */
	ptep = lookup_address(va, &level);
	BUG_ON(ptep == NULL);

	pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep);
	mfn = pfn_to_mfn(pfn);
	virt = __va(PFN_PHYS(pfn));

	make_lowmem_page_readonly((void *)va);
	make_lowmem_page_readonly(virt);

	if (HYPERVISOR_set_gdt(&mfn, size / sizeof(struct desc_struct)))
		BUG();
}

/*
 * load_gdt for early boot, when the gdt is only mapped once
 */
static void __init xen_load_gdt_boot(const struct desc_ptr *dtr)
{
	unsigned long va = dtr->address;
	unsigned int size = dtr->size + 1;
	unsigned long pfn, mfn;
	pte_t pte;

	/* @size should be at most GDT_SIZE which is smaller than PAGE_SIZE. */
	BUG_ON(size > PAGE_SIZE);
	BUG_ON(va & ~PAGE_MASK);

	pfn = virt_to_pfn(va);
	mfn = pfn_to_mfn(pfn);

	pte = pfn_pte(pfn, PAGE_KERNEL_RO);

	if (HYPERVISOR_update_va_mapping((unsigned long)va, pte, 0))
		BUG();

	if (HYPERVISOR_set_gdt(&mfn, size / sizeof(struct desc_struct)))
		BUG();
}

static inline bool desc_equal(const struct desc_struct *d1,
			      const struct desc_struct *d2)
{
	return !memcmp(d1, d2, sizeof(*d1));
}

static void load_TLS_descriptor(struct thread_struct *t,
				unsigned int cpu, unsigned int i)
{
	struct desc_struct *shadow = &per_cpu(shadow_tls_desc, cpu).desc[i];
	struct desc_struct *gdt;
	xmaddr_t maddr;
	struct multicall_space mc;

	if (desc_equal(shadow, &t->tls_array[i]))
		return;

	*shadow = t->tls_array[i];

	gdt = get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu);
	maddr = arbitrary_virt_to_machine(&gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MIN+i]);
	mc = __xen_mc_entry(0);

	MULTI_update_descriptor(mc.mc, maddr.maddr, t->tls_array[i]);
}

static void xen_load_tls(struct thread_struct *t, unsigned int cpu)
{
	/*
	 * In lazy mode we need to zero %fs, otherwise we may get an
	 * exception between the new %fs descriptor being loaded and
	 * %fs being effectively cleared at __switch_to().
	 */
	if (paravirt_get_lazy_mode() == PARAVIRT_LAZY_CPU)
		loadsegment(fs, 0);

	xen_mc_batch();

	load_TLS_descriptor(t, cpu, 0);
	load_TLS_descriptor(t, cpu, 1);
	load_TLS_descriptor(t, cpu, 2);

	xen_mc_issue(PARAVIRT_LAZY_CPU);
}

static void xen_load_gs_index(unsigned int idx)
{
	if (HYPERVISOR_set_segment_base(SEGBASE_GS_USER_SEL, idx))
		BUG();
}

static void xen_write_ldt_entry(struct desc_struct *dt, int entrynum,
				const void *ptr)
{
	xmaddr_t mach_lp = arbitrary_virt_to_machine(&dt[entrynum]);
	u64 entry = *(u64 *)ptr;

	trace_xen_cpu_write_ldt_entry(dt, entrynum, entry);

	preempt_disable();

	xen_mc_flush();
	if (HYPERVISOR_update_descriptor(mach_lp.maddr, entry))
		BUG();

	preempt_enable();
}

void noist_exc_debug(struct pt_regs *regs);

DEFINE_IDTENTRY_RAW(xenpv_exc_nmi)
{
	/* On Xen PV, NMI doesn't use IST.  The C part is the same as native. */
	exc_nmi(regs);
}

DEFINE_IDTENTRY_RAW_ERRORCODE(xenpv_exc_double_fault)
{
	/* On Xen PV, DF doesn't use IST.  The C part is the same as native. */
	exc_double_fault(regs, error_code);
}

DEFINE_IDTENTRY_RAW(xenpv_exc_debug)
{
	/*
	 * There's no IST on Xen PV, but we still need to dispatch
	 * to the correct handler.
	 */
	if (user_mode(regs))
		noist_exc_debug(regs);
	else
		exc_debug(regs);
}

DEFINE_IDTENTRY_RAW(exc_xen_unknown_trap)
{
	/* This should never happen and there is no way to handle it. */
	pr_err("Unknown trap in Xen PV mode.");
	BUG();
}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_MCE
DEFINE_IDTENTRY_RAW(xenpv_exc_machine_check)
{
	/*
	 * There's no IST on Xen PV, but we still need to dispatch
	 * to the correct handler.
	 */
	if (user_mode(regs))
		noist_exc_machine_check(regs);
	else
		exc_machine_check(regs);
}
#endif

struct trap_array_entry {
	void (*orig)(void);
	void (*xen)(void);
	bool ist_okay;
};

#define TRAP_ENTRY(func, ist_ok) {			\
	.orig		= asm_##func,			\
	.xen		= xen_asm_##func,		\
	.ist_okay	= ist_ok }

#define TRAP_ENTRY_REDIR(func, ist_ok) {		\
	.orig		= asm_##func,			\
	.xen		= xen_asm_xenpv_##func,		\
	.ist_okay	= ist_ok }

static struct trap_array_entry trap_array[] = {
	TRAP_ENTRY_REDIR(exc_debug,			true  ),
	TRAP_ENTRY_REDIR(exc_double_fault,		true  ),
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_MCE
	TRAP_ENTRY_REDIR(exc_machine_check,		true  ),
#endif
	TRAP_ENTRY_REDIR(exc_nmi,			true  ),
	TRAP_ENTRY(exc_int3,				false ),
	TRAP_ENTRY(exc_overflow,			false ),
#ifdef CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION
	{ entry_INT80_compat,          xen_entry_INT80_compat,          false },
#endif
	TRAP_ENTRY(exc_page_fault,			false ),
	TRAP_ENTRY(exc_divide_error,			false ),
	TRAP_ENTRY(exc_bounds,				false ),
	TRAP_ENTRY(exc_invalid_op,			false ),
	TRAP_ENTRY(exc_device_not_available,		false ),
	TRAP_ENTRY(exc_coproc_segment_overrun,		false ),
	TRAP_ENTRY(exc_invalid_tss,			false ),
	TRAP_ENTRY(exc_segment_not_present,		false ),
	TRAP_ENTRY(exc_stack_segment,			false ),
	TRAP_ENTRY(exc_general_protection,		false ),
	TRAP_ENTRY(exc_spurious_interrupt_bug,		false ),
	TRAP_ENTRY(exc_coprocessor_error,		false ),
	TRAP_ENTRY(exc_alignment_check,			false ),
	TRAP_ENTRY(exc_simd_coprocessor_error,		false ),
};

static bool __ref get_trap_addr(void **addr, unsigned int ist)
{
	unsigned int nr;
	bool ist_okay = false;
	bool found = false;

	/*
	 * Replace trap handler addresses by Xen specific ones.
	 * Check for known traps using IST and whitelist them.
	 * The debugger ones are the only ones we care about.
	 * Xen will handle faults like double_fault, so we should never see
	 * them.  Warn if there's an unexpected IST-using fault handler.
	 */
	for (nr = 0; nr < ARRAY_SIZE(trap_array); nr++) {
		struct trap_array_entry *entry = trap_array + nr;

		if (*addr == entry->orig) {
			*addr = entry->xen;
			ist_okay = entry->ist_okay;
			found = true;
			break;
		}
	}

	if (nr == ARRAY_SIZE(trap_array) &&
	    *addr >= (void *)early_idt_handler_array[0] &&
	    *addr < (void *)early_idt_handler_array[NUM_EXCEPTION_VECTORS]) {
		nr = (*addr - (void *)early_idt_handler_array[0]) /
		     EARLY_IDT_HANDLER_SIZE;
		*addr = (void *)xen_early_idt_handler_array[nr];
		found = true;
	}

	if (!found)
		*addr = (void *)xen_asm_exc_xen_unknown_trap;

	if (WARN_ON(found && ist != 0 && !ist_okay))
		return false;

	return true;
}

static int cvt_gate_to_trap(int vector, const gate_desc *val,
			    struct trap_info *info)
{
	unsigned long addr;

	if (val->bits.type != GATE_TRAP && val->bits.type != GATE_INTERRUPT)
		return 0;

	info->vector = vector;

	addr = gate_offset(val);
	if (!get_trap_addr((void **)&addr, val->bits.ist))
		return 0;
	info->address = addr;

	info->cs = gate_segment(val);
	info->flags = val->bits.dpl;
	/* interrupt gates clear IF */
	if (val->bits.type == GATE_INTERRUPT)
		info->flags |= 1 << 2;

	return 1;
}

/* Locations of each CPU's IDT */
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct desc_ptr, idt_desc);

/* Set an IDT entry.  If the entry is part of the current IDT, then
   also update Xen. */
static void xen_write_idt_entry(gate_desc *dt, int entrynum, const gate_desc *g)
{
	unsigned long p = (unsigned long)&dt[entrynum];
	unsigned long start, end;

	trace_xen_cpu_write_idt_entry(dt, entrynum, g);

	preempt_disable();

	start = __this_cpu_read(idt_desc.address);
	end = start + __this_cpu_read(idt_desc.size) + 1;

	xen_mc_flush();

	native_write_idt_entry(dt, entrynum, g);

	if (p >= start && (p + 8) <= end) {
		struct trap_info info[2];

		info[1].address = 0;

		if (cvt_gate_to_trap(entrynum, g, &info[0]))
			if (HYPERVISOR_set_trap_table(info))
				BUG();
	}

	preempt_enable();
}

static void xen_convert_trap_info(const struct desc_ptr *desc,
				  struct trap_info *traps)
{
	unsigned in, out, count;

	count = (desc->size+1) / sizeof(gate_desc);
	BUG_ON(count > 256);

	for (in = out = 0; in < count; in++) {
		gate_desc *entry = (gate_desc *)(desc->address) + in;

		if (cvt_gate_to_trap(in, entry, &traps[out]))
			out++;
	}
	traps[out].address = 0;
}

void xen_copy_trap_info(struct trap_info *traps)
{
	const struct desc_ptr *desc = this_cpu_ptr(&idt_desc);

	xen_convert_trap_info(desc, traps);
}

/* Load a new IDT into Xen.  In principle this can be per-CPU, so we
   hold a spinlock to protect the static traps[] array (static because
   it avoids allocation, and saves stack space). */
static void xen_load_idt(const struct desc_ptr *desc)
{
	static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(lock);
	static struct trap_info traps[257];

	trace_xen_cpu_load_idt(desc);

	spin_lock(&lock);

	memcpy(this_cpu_ptr(&idt_desc), desc, sizeof(idt_desc));

	xen_convert_trap_info(desc, traps);

	xen_mc_flush();
	if (HYPERVISOR_set_trap_table(traps))
		BUG();

	spin_unlock(&lock);
}

/* Write a GDT descriptor entry.  Ignore LDT descriptors, since
   they're handled differently. */
static void xen_write_gdt_entry(struct desc_struct *dt, int entry,
				const void *desc, int type)
{
	trace_xen_cpu_write_gdt_entry(dt, entry, desc, type);

	preempt_disable();

	switch (type) {
	case DESC_LDT:
	case DESC_TSS:
		/* ignore */
		break;

	default: {
		xmaddr_t maddr = arbitrary_virt_to_machine(&dt[entry]);

		xen_mc_flush();
		if (HYPERVISOR_update_descriptor(maddr.maddr, *(u64 *)desc))
			BUG();
	}

	}

	preempt_enable();
}

/*
 * Version of write_gdt_entry for use at early boot-time needed to
 * update an entry as simply as possible.
 */
static void __init xen_write_gdt_entry_boot(struct desc_struct *dt, int entry,
					    const void *desc, int type)
{
	trace_xen_cpu_write_gdt_entry(dt, entry, desc, type);

	switch (type) {
	case DESC_LDT:
	case DESC_TSS:
		/* ignore */
		break;

	default: {
		xmaddr_t maddr = virt_to_machine(&dt[entry]);

		if (HYPERVISOR_update_descriptor(maddr.maddr, *(u64 *)desc))
			dt[entry] = *(struct desc_struct *)desc;
	}

	}
}

static void xen_load_sp0(unsigned long sp0)
{
	struct multicall_space mcs;

	mcs = xen_mc_entry(0);
	MULTI_stack_switch(mcs.mc, __KERNEL_DS, sp0);
	xen_mc_issue(PARAVIRT_LAZY_CPU);
	this_cpu_write(cpu_tss_rw.x86_tss.sp0, sp0);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_IOPL_IOPERM
static void xen_invalidate_io_bitmap(void)
{
	struct physdev_set_iobitmap iobitmap = {
		.bitmap = NULL,
		.nr_ports = 0,
	};

	native_tss_invalidate_io_bitmap();
	HYPERVISOR_physdev_op(PHYSDEVOP_set_iobitmap, &iobitmap);
}

static void xen_update_io_bitmap(void)
{
	struct physdev_set_iobitmap iobitmap;
	struct tss_struct *tss = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_tss_rw);

	native_tss_update_io_bitmap();

	iobitmap.bitmap = (uint8_t *)(&tss->x86_tss) +
			  tss->x86_tss.io_bitmap_base;
	if (tss->x86_tss.io_bitmap_base == IO_BITMAP_OFFSET_INVALID)
		iobitmap.nr_ports = 0;
	else
		iobitmap.nr_ports = IO_BITMAP_BITS;

	HYPERVISOR_physdev_op(PHYSDEVOP_set_iobitmap, &iobitmap);
}
#endif

static void xen_io_delay(void)
{
}

static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, xen_cr0_value);

static unsigned long xen_read_cr0(void)
{
	unsigned long cr0 = this_cpu_read(xen_cr0_value);

	if (unlikely(cr0 == 0)) {
		cr0 = native_read_cr0();
		this_cpu_write(xen_cr0_value, cr0);
	}

	return cr0;
}

static void xen_write_cr0(unsigned long cr0)
{
	struct multicall_space mcs;

	this_cpu_write(xen_cr0_value, cr0);

	/* Only pay attention to cr0.TS; everything else is
	   ignored. */
	mcs = xen_mc_entry(0);

	MULTI_fpu_taskswitch(mcs.mc, (cr0 & X86_CR0_TS) != 0);

	xen_mc_issue(PARAVIRT_LAZY_CPU);
}

static void xen_write_cr4(unsigned long cr4)
{
	cr4 &= ~(X86_CR4_PGE | X86_CR4_PSE | X86_CR4_PCE);

	native_write_cr4(cr4);
}

static u64 xen_read_msr_safe(unsigned int msr, int *err)
{
	u64 val;

	if (pmu_msr_read(msr, &val, err))
		return val;

	val = native_read_msr_safe(msr, err);
	switch (msr) {
	case MSR_IA32_APICBASE:
		val &= ~X2APIC_ENABLE;
		break;
	}
	return val;
}

static int xen_write_msr_safe(unsigned int msr, unsigned low, unsigned high)
{
	int ret;
	unsigned int which;
	u64 base;

	ret = 0;

	switch (msr) {
	case MSR_FS_BASE:		which = SEGBASE_FS; goto set;
	case MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE:	which = SEGBASE_GS_USER; goto set;
	case MSR_GS_BASE:		which = SEGBASE_GS_KERNEL; goto set;

	set:
		base = ((u64)high << 32) | low;
		if (HYPERVISOR_set_segment_base(which, base) != 0)
			ret = -EIO;
		break;

	case MSR_STAR:
	case MSR_CSTAR:
	case MSR_LSTAR:
	case MSR_SYSCALL_MASK:
	case MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS:
	case MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_ESP:
	case MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_EIP:
		/* Fast syscall setup is all done in hypercalls, so
		   these are all ignored.  Stub them out here to stop
		   Xen console noise. */
		break;

	default:
		if (!pmu_msr_write(msr, low, high, &ret))
			ret = native_write_msr_safe(msr, low, high);
	}

	return ret;
}

static u64 xen_read_msr(unsigned int msr)
{
	/*
	 * This will silently swallow a #GP from RDMSR.  It may be worth
	 * changing that.
	 */
	int err;

	return xen_read_msr_safe(msr, &err);
}

static void xen_write_msr(unsigned int msr, unsigned low, unsigned high)
{
	/*
	 * This will silently swallow a #GP from WRMSR.  It may be worth
	 * changing that.
	 */
	xen_write_msr_safe(msr, low, high);
}

/* This is called once we have the cpu_possible_mask */
void __init xen_setup_vcpu_info_placement(void)
{
	int cpu;

	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
		/* Set up direct vCPU id mapping for PV guests. */
		per_cpu(xen_vcpu_id, cpu) = cpu;

		/*
		 * xen_vcpu_setup(cpu) can fail  -- in which case it
		 * falls back to the shared_info version for cpus
		 * where xen_vcpu_nr(cpu) < MAX_VIRT_CPUS.
		 *
		 * xen_cpu_up_prepare_pv() handles the rest by failing
		 * them in hotplug.
		 */
		(void) xen_vcpu_setup(cpu);
	}

	/*
	 * xen_vcpu_setup managed to place the vcpu_info within the
	 * percpu area for all cpus, so make use of it.
	 */
	if (xen_have_vcpu_info_placement) {
		pv_ops.irq.save_fl = __PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(xen_save_fl_direct);
		pv_ops.irq.irq_disable =
			__PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(xen_irq_disable_direct);
		pv_ops.irq.irq_enable =
			__PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(xen_irq_enable_direct);
		pv_ops.mmu.read_cr2 =
			__PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(xen_read_cr2_direct);
	}
}

static const struct pv_info xen_info __initconst = {
	.extra_user_64bit_cs = FLAT_USER_CS64,
	.name = "Xen",
};

static const struct pv_cpu_ops xen_cpu_ops __initconst = {
	.cpuid = xen_cpuid,

	.set_debugreg = xen_set_debugreg,
	.get_debugreg = xen_get_debugreg,

	.read_cr0 = xen_read_cr0,
	.write_cr0 = xen_write_cr0,

	.write_cr4 = xen_write_cr4,

	.wbinvd = native_wbinvd,

	.read_msr = xen_read_msr,
	.write_msr = xen_write_msr,

	.read_msr_safe = xen_read_msr_safe,
	.write_msr_safe = xen_write_msr_safe,

	.read_pmc = xen_read_pmc,

	.iret = xen_iret,

	.load_tr_desc = paravirt_nop,
	.set_ldt = xen_set_ldt,
	.load_gdt = xen_load_gdt,
	.load_idt = xen_load_idt,
	.load_tls = xen_load_tls,
	.load_gs_index = xen_load_gs_index,

	.alloc_ldt = xen_alloc_ldt,
	.free_ldt = xen_free_ldt,

	.store_tr = xen_store_tr,

	.write_ldt_entry = xen_write_ldt_entry,
	.write_gdt_entry = xen_write_gdt_entry,
	.write_idt_entry = xen_write_idt_entry,
	.load_sp0 = xen_load_sp0,

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_IOPL_IOPERM
	.invalidate_io_bitmap = xen_invalidate_io_bitmap,
	.update_io_bitmap = xen_update_io_bitmap,
#endif
	.io_delay = xen_io_delay,

	.start_context_switch = paravirt_start_context_switch,
	.end_context_switch = xen_end_context_switch,
};

static void xen_restart(char *msg)
{
	xen_reboot(SHUTDOWN_reboot);
}

static void xen_machine_halt(void)
{
	xen_reboot(SHUTDOWN_poweroff);
}

static void xen_machine_power_off(void)
{
	if (pm_power_off)
		pm_power_off();
	xen_reboot(SHUTDOWN_poweroff);
}

static void xen_crash_shutdown(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	xen_reboot(SHUTDOWN_crash);
}

static const struct machine_ops xen_machine_ops __initconst = {
	.restart = xen_restart,
	.halt = xen_machine_halt,
	.power_off = xen_machine_power_off,
	.shutdown = xen_machine_halt,
	.crash_shutdown = xen_crash_shutdown,
	.emergency_restart = xen_emergency_restart,
};

static unsigned char xen_get_nmi_reason(void)
{
	unsigned char reason = 0;

	/* Construct a value which looks like it came from port 0x61. */
	if (test_bit(_XEN_NMIREASON_io_error,
		     &HYPERVISOR_shared_info->arch.nmi_reason))
		reason |= NMI_REASON_IOCHK;
	if (test_bit(_XEN_NMIREASON_pci_serr,
		     &HYPERVISOR_shared_info->arch.nmi_reason))
		reason |= NMI_REASON_SERR;

	return reason;
}

static void __init xen_boot_params_init_edd(void)
{
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EDD)
	struct xen_platform_op op;
	struct edd_info *edd_info;
	u32 *mbr_signature;
	unsigned nr;
	int ret;

	edd_info = boot_params.eddbuf;
	mbr_signature = boot_params.edd_mbr_sig_buffer;

	op.cmd = XENPF_firmware_info;

	op.u.firmware_info.type = XEN_FW_DISK_INFO;
	for (nr = 0; nr < EDDMAXNR; nr++) {
		struct edd_info *info = edd_info + nr;

		op.u.firmware_info.index = nr;
		info->params.length = sizeof(info->params);
		set_xen_guest_handle(op.u.firmware_info.u.disk_info.edd_params,
				     &info->params);
		ret = HYPERVISOR_platform_op(&op);
		if (ret)
			break;

#define C(x) info->x = op.u.firmware_info.u.disk_info.x
		C(device);
		C(version);
		C(interface_support);
		C(legacy_max_cylinder);
		C(legacy_max_head);
		C(legacy_sectors_per_track);
#undef C
	}
	boot_params.eddbuf_entries = nr;

	op.u.firmware_info.type = XEN_FW_DISK_MBR_SIGNATURE;
	for (nr = 0; nr < EDD_MBR_SIG_MAX; nr++) {
		op.u.firmware_info.index = nr;
		ret = HYPERVISOR_platform_op(&op);
		if (ret)
			break;
		mbr_signature[nr] = op.u.firmware_info.u.disk_mbr_signature.mbr_signature;
	}
	boot_params.edd_mbr_sig_buf_entries = nr;
#endif
}

/*
 * Set up the GDT and segment registers for -fstack-protector.  Until
 * we do this, we have to be careful not to call any stack-protected
 * function, which is most of the kernel.
 */
static void __init xen_setup_gdt(int cpu)
{
	pv_ops.cpu.write_gdt_entry = xen_write_gdt_entry_boot;
	pv_ops.cpu.load_gdt = xen_load_gdt_boot;

	setup_stack_canary_segment(cpu);
	switch_to_new_gdt(cpu);

	pv_ops.cpu.write_gdt_entry = xen_write_gdt_entry;
	pv_ops.cpu.load_gdt = xen_load_gdt;
}

static void __init xen_dom0_set_legacy_features(void)
{
	x86_platform.legacy.rtc = 1;
}

/* First C function to be called on Xen boot */
asmlinkage __visible void __init xen_start_kernel(void)
{
	struct physdev_set_iopl set_iopl;
	unsigned long initrd_start = 0;
	int rc;

	if (!xen_start_info)
		return;

	xen_domain_type = XEN_PV_DOMAIN;
	xen_start_flags = xen_start_info->flags;

	xen_setup_features();

	/* Install Xen paravirt ops */
	pv_info = xen_info;
	pv_ops.init.patch = paravirt_patch_default;
	pv_ops.cpu = xen_cpu_ops;
	xen_init_irq_ops();

	/*
	 * Setup xen_vcpu early because it is needed for
	 * local_irq_disable(), irqs_disabled(), e.g. in printk().
	 *
	 * Don't do the full vcpu_info placement stuff until we have
	 * the cpu_possible_mask and a non-dummy shared_info.
	 */
	xen_vcpu_info_reset(0);

	x86_platform.get_nmi_reason = xen_get_nmi_reason;

	x86_init.resources.memory_setup = xen_memory_setup;
	x86_init.irqs.intr_mode_select	= x86_init_noop;
	x86_init.irqs.intr_mode_init	= x86_init_noop;
	x86_init.oem.arch_setup = xen_arch_setup;
	x86_init.oem.banner = xen_banner;
	x86_init.hyper.init_platform = xen_pv_init_platform;
	x86_init.hyper.guest_late_init = xen_pv_guest_late_init;

	/*
	 * Set up some pagetable state before starting to set any ptes.
	 */

	xen_setup_machphys_mapping();
	xen_init_mmu_ops();

	/* Prevent unwanted bits from being set in PTEs. */
	__supported_pte_mask &= ~_PAGE_GLOBAL;
	__default_kernel_pte_mask &= ~_PAGE_GLOBAL;

	/*
	 * Prevent page tables from being allocated in highmem, even
	 * if CONFIG_HIGHPTE is enabled.
	 */
	__userpte_alloc_gfp &= ~__GFP_HIGHMEM;

	/* Get mfn list */
	xen_build_dynamic_phys_to_machine();

	/*
	 * Set up kernel GDT and segment registers, mainly so that
	 * -fstack-protector code can be executed.
	 */
	xen_setup_gdt(0);

	/* Work out if we support NX */
	get_cpu_cap(&boot_cpu_data);
	x86_configure_nx();

	/* Determine virtual and physical address sizes */
	get_cpu_address_sizes(&boot_cpu_data);

	/* Let's presume PV guests always boot on vCPU with id 0. */
	per_cpu(xen_vcpu_id, 0) = 0;

	idt_setup_early_handler();

	xen_init_capabilities();

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
	/*
	 * set up the basic apic ops.
	 */
	xen_init_apic();
#endif

	if (xen_feature(XENFEAT_mmu_pt_update_preserve_ad)) {
		pv_ops.mmu.ptep_modify_prot_start =
			xen_ptep_modify_prot_start;
		pv_ops.mmu.ptep_modify_prot_commit =
			xen_ptep_modify_prot_commit;
	}

	machine_ops = xen_machine_ops;

	/*
	 * The only reliable way to retain the initial address of the
	 * percpu gdt_page is to remember it here, so we can go and
	 * mark it RW later, when the initial percpu area is freed.
	 */
	xen_initial_gdt = &per_cpu(gdt_page, 0);

	xen_smp_init();

#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_NUMA
	/*
	 * The pages we from Xen are not related to machine pages, so
	 * any NUMA information the kernel tries to get from ACPI will
	 * be meaningless.  Prevent it from trying.
	 */
	disable_srat();
#endif
	WARN_ON(xen_cpuhp_setup(xen_cpu_up_prepare_pv, xen_cpu_dead_pv));

	local_irq_disable();
	early_boot_irqs_disabled = true;

	xen_raw_console_write("mapping kernel into physical memory\n");
	xen_setup_kernel_pagetable((pgd_t *)xen_start_info->pt_base,
				   xen_start_info->nr_pages);
	xen_reserve_special_pages();

	/*
	 * We used to do this in xen_arch_setup, but that is too late
	 * on AMD were early_cpu_init (run before ->arch_setup()) calls
	 * early_amd_init which pokes 0xcf8 port.
	 */
	set_iopl.iopl = 1;
	rc = HYPERVISOR_physdev_op(PHYSDEVOP_set_iopl, &set_iopl);
	if (rc != 0)
		xen_raw_printk("physdev_op failed %d\n", rc);


	if (xen_start_info->mod_start) {
	    if (xen_start_info->flags & SIF_MOD_START_PFN)
		initrd_start = PFN_PHYS(xen_start_info->mod_start);
	    else
		initrd_start = __pa(xen_start_info->mod_start);
	}

	/* Poke various useful things into boot_params */
	boot_params.hdr.type_of_loader = (9 << 4) | 0;
	boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_image = initrd_start;
	boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_size = xen_start_info->mod_len;
	boot_params.hdr.cmd_line_ptr = __pa(xen_start_info->cmd_line);
	boot_params.hdr.hardware_subarch = X86_SUBARCH_XEN;

	if (!xen_initial_domain()) {
		add_preferred_console("xenboot", 0, NULL);
		if (pci_xen)
			x86_init.pci.arch_init = pci_xen_init;
	} else {
		const struct dom0_vga_console_info *info =
			(void *)((char *)xen_start_info +
				 xen_start_info->console.dom0.info_off);
		struct xen_platform_op op = {
			.cmd = XENPF_firmware_info,
			.interface_version = XENPF_INTERFACE_VERSION,
			.u.firmware_info.type = XEN_FW_KBD_SHIFT_FLAGS,
		};

		x86_platform.set_legacy_features =
				xen_dom0_set_legacy_features;
		xen_init_vga(info, xen_start_info->console.dom0.info_size);
		xen_start_info->console.domU.mfn = 0;
		xen_start_info->console.domU.evtchn = 0;

		if (HYPERVISOR_platform_op(&op) == 0)
			boot_params.kbd_status = op.u.firmware_info.u.kbd_shift_flags;

		/* Make sure ACS will be enabled */
		pci_request_acs();

		xen_acpi_sleep_register();

		/* Avoid searching for BIOS MP tables */
		x86_init.mpparse.find_smp_config = x86_init_noop;
		x86_init.mpparse.get_smp_config = x86_init_uint_noop;

		xen_boot_params_init_edd();

#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI
		/*
		 * Disable selecting "Firmware First mode" for correctable
		 * memory errors, as this is the duty of the hypervisor to
		 * decide.
		 */
		acpi_disable_cmcff = 1;
#endif
	}

	if (!boot_params.screen_info.orig_video_isVGA)
		add_preferred_console("tty", 0, NULL);
	add_preferred_console("hvc", 0, NULL);
	if (boot_params.screen_info.orig_video_isVGA)
		add_preferred_console("tty", 0, NULL);

#ifdef CONFIG_PCI
	/* PCI BIOS service won't work from a PV guest. */
	pci_probe &= ~PCI_PROBE_BIOS;
#endif
	xen_raw_console_write("about to get started...\n");

	/* We need this for printk timestamps */
	xen_setup_runstate_info(0);

	xen_efi_init(&boot_params);

	/* Start the world */
	cr4_init_shadow(); /* 32b kernel does this in i386_start_kernel() */
	x86_64_start_reservations((char *)__pa_symbol(&boot_params));
}

static int xen_cpu_up_prepare_pv(unsigned int cpu)
{
	int rc;

	if (per_cpu(xen_vcpu, cpu) == NULL)
		return -ENODEV;

	xen_setup_timer(cpu);

	rc = xen_smp_intr_init(cpu);
	if (rc) {
		WARN(1, "xen_smp_intr_init() for CPU %d failed: %d\n",
		     cpu, rc);
		return rc;
	}

	rc = xen_smp_intr_init_pv(cpu);
	if (rc) {
		WARN(1, "xen_smp_intr_init_pv() for CPU %d failed: %d\n",
		     cpu, rc);
		return rc;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int xen_cpu_dead_pv(unsigned int cpu)
{
	xen_smp_intr_free(cpu);
	xen_smp_intr_free_pv(cpu);

	xen_teardown_timer(cpu);

	return 0;
}

static uint32_t __init xen_platform_pv(void)
{
	if (xen_pv_domain())
		return xen_cpuid_base();

	return 0;
}

const __initconst struct hypervisor_x86 x86_hyper_xen_pv = {
	.name                   = "Xen PV",
	.detect                 = xen_platform_pv,
	.type			= X86_HYPER_XEN_PV,
	.runtime.pin_vcpu       = xen_pin_vcpu,
	.ignore_nopv		= true,
}