// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
/*
 *	Generic address resultion entity
 *
 *	Authors:
 *	net_random Alan Cox
 *	net_ratelimit Andi Kleen
 *	in{4,6}_pton YOSHIFUJI Hideaki, Copyright (C)2006 USAGI/WIDE Project
 *
 *	Created by Alexey Kuznetsov <kuznet@ms2.inr.ac.ru>
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/inet.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/net.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/ratelimit.h>
#include <linux/socket.h>

#include <net/sock.h>
#include <net/net_ratelimit.h>
#include <net/ipv6.h>

#include <asm/byteorder.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>

DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(net_ratelimit_state, 5 * HZ, 10);
/*
 * All net warning printk()s should be guarded by this function.
 */
int net_ratelimit(void)
{
	return __ratelimit(&net_ratelimit_state);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(net_ratelimit);

/*
 * Convert an ASCII string to binary IP.
 * This is outside of net/ipv4/ because various code that uses IP addresses
 * is otherwise not dependent on the TCP/IP stack.
 */

__be32 in_aton(const char *str)
{
	unsigned int l;
	unsigned int val;
	int i;

	l = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)	{
		l <<= 8;
		if (*str != '\0') {
			val = 0;
			while (*str != '\0' && *str != '.' && *str != '\n') {
				val *= 10;
				val += *str - '0';
				str++;
			}
			l |= val;
			if (*str != '\0')
				str++;
		}
	}
	return htonl(l);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(in_aton);

#define IN6PTON_XDIGIT		0x00010000
#define IN6PTON_DIGIT		0x00020000
#define IN6PTON_COLON_MASK	0x00700000
#define IN6PTON_COLON_1		0x00100000	/* single : requested */
#define IN6PTON_COLON_2		0x00200000	/* second : requested */
#define IN6PTON_COLON_1_2	0x00400000	/* :: requested */
#define IN6PTON_DOT		0x00800000	/* . */
#define IN6PTON_DELIM		0x10000000
#define IN6PTON_NULL		0x20000000	/* first/tail */
#define IN6PTON_UNKNOWN		0x40000000

static inline int xdigit2bin(char c, int delim)
{
	int val;

	if (c == delim || c == '\0')
		return IN6PTON_DELIM;
	if (c == ':')
		return IN6PTON_COLON_MASK;
	if (c == '.')
		return IN6PTON_DOT;

	val = hex_to_bin(c);
	if (val >= 0)
		return val | IN6PTON_XDIGIT | (val < 10 ? IN6PTON_DIGIT : 0);

	if (delim == -1)
		return IN6PTON_DELIM;
	return IN6PTON_UNKNOWN;
}

/**
 * in4_pton - convert an IPv4 address from literal to binary representation
 * @src: the start of the IPv4 address string
 * @srclen: the length of the string, -1 means strlen(src)
 * @dst: the binary (u8[4] array) representation of the IPv4 address
 * @delim: the delimiter of the IPv4 address in @src, -1 means no delimiter
 * @end: A pointer to the end of the parsed string will be placed here
 *
 * Return one on success, return zero when any error occurs
 * and @end will point to the end of the parsed string.
 *
 */
int in4_pton(const char *src, int srclen,
	     u8 *dst,
	     int delim, const char **end)
{
	const char *s;
	u8 *d;
	u8 dbuf[4];
	int ret = 0;
	int i;
	int w = 0;

	if (srclen < 0)
		srclen = strlen(src);
	s = src;
	d = dbuf;
	i = 0;
	while (1) {
		int c;
		c = xdigit2bin(srclen > 0 ? *s : '\0', delim);
		if (!(c & (IN6PTON_DIGIT | IN6PTON_DOT | IN6PTON_DELIM | IN6PTON_COLON_MASK))) {
			goto out;
		}
		if (c & (IN6PTON_DOT | IN6PTON_DELIM | IN6PTON_COLON_MASK)) {
			if (w == 0)
				goto out;
			*d++ = w & 0xff;
			w = 0;
			i++;
			if (c & (IN6PTON_DELIM | IN6PTON_COLON_MASK)) {
				if (i != 4)
					goto out;
				break;
			}
			goto cont;
		}
		w = (w * 10) + c;
		if ((w & 0xffff) > 255) {
			goto out;
		}
cont:
		if (i >= 4)
			goto out;
		s++;
		srclen--;
	}
	ret = 1;
	memcpy(dst, dbuf, sizeof(dbuf));
out:
	if (end)
		*end = s;
	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(in4_pton);

/**
 * in6_pton - convert an IPv6 address from literal to binary representation
 * @src: the start of the IPv6 address string
 * @srclen: the length of the string, -1 means strlen(src)
 * @dst: the binary (u8[16] array) representation of the IPv6 address
 * @delim: the delimiter of the IPv6 address in @src, -1 means no delimiter
 * @end: A pointer to the end of the parsed string will be placed here
 *
 * Return one on success, return zero when any error occurs
 * and @end will point to the end of the parsed string.
 *
 */
int in6_pton(const char *src, int srclen,
	     u8 *dst,
	     int delim, const char **end)
{
	const char *s, *tok = NULL;
	u8 *d, *dc = NULL;
	u8 dbuf[16];
	int ret = 0;
	int i;
	int state = IN6PTON_COLON_1_2 | IN6PTON_XDIGIT | IN6PTON_NULL;
	int w = 0;

	memset(dbuf, 0, sizeof(dbuf));

	s = src;
	d = dbuf;
	if (srclen < 0)
		srclen = strlen(src);

	while (1) {
		int c;

		c = xdigit2bin(srclen > 0 ? *s : '\0', delim);
		if (!(c & state))
			goto out;
		if (c & (IN6PTON_DELIM | IN6PTON_COLON_MASK)) {
			/* process one 16-bit word */
			if (!(state & IN6PTON_NULL)) {
				*d++ = (w >> 8) & 0xff;
				*d++ = w & 0xff;
			}
			w = 0;
			if (c & IN6PTON_DELIM) {
				/* We've processed last word */
				break;
			}
			/*
			 * COLON_1 => XDIGIT
			 * COLON_2 => XDIGIT|DELIM
			 * COLON_1_2 => COLON_2
			 */
			switch (state & IN6PTON_COLON_MASK) {
			case IN6PTON_COLON_2:
				dc = d;
				state = IN6PTON_XDIGIT | IN6PTON_DELIM;
				if (dc - dbuf >= sizeof(dbuf))
					state |= IN6PTON_NULL;
				break;
			case IN6PTON_COLON_1|IN6PTON_COLON_1_2:
				state = IN6PTON_XDIGIT | IN6PTON_COLON_2;
				break;
			case IN6PTON_COLON_1:
				state = IN6PTON_XDIGIT;
				break;
			case IN6PTON_COLON_1_2:
				state = IN6PTON_COLON_2;
				break;
			default:
				state = 0;
			}
			tok = s + 1;
			goto cont;
		}

		if (c & IN6PTON_DOT) {
			ret = in4_pton(tok ? tok : s, srclen + (int)(s - tok), d, delim, &s);
			if (ret > 0) {
				d += 4;
				break;
			}
			goto out;
		}

		w = (w << 4) | (0xff & c);
		state = IN6PTON_COLON_1 | IN6PTON_DELIM;
		if (!(w & 0xf000)) {
			state |= IN6PTON_XDIGIT;
		}
		if (!dc && d + 2 < dbuf + sizeof(dbuf)) {
			state |= IN6PTON_COLON_1_2;
			state &= ~IN6PTON_DELIM;
		}
		if (d + 2 >= dbuf + sizeof(dbuf)) {
			state &= ~(IN6PTON_COLON_1|IN6PTON_COLON_1_2);
		}
cont:
		if ((dc && d + 4 < dbuf + sizeof(dbuf)) ||
		    d + 4 == dbuf + sizeof(dbuf)) {
			state |= IN6PTON_DOT;
		}
		if (d >= dbuf + sizeof(dbuf)) {
			state &= ~(IN6PTON_XDIGIT|IN6PTON_COLON_MASK);
		}
		s++;
		srclen--;
	}

	i = 15; d--;

	if (dc) {
		while (d >= dc)
			dst[i--] = *d--;
		while (i >= dc - dbuf)
			dst[i--] = 0;
		while (i >= 0)
			dst[i--] = *d--;
	} else
		memcpy(dst, dbuf, sizeof(dbuf));

	ret = 1;
out:
	if (end)
		*end = s;
	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(in6_pton);

static int inet4_pton(const char *src, u16 port_num,
		struct sockaddr_storage *addr)
{
	struct sockaddr_in *addr4 = (struct sockaddr_in *)addr;
	int srclen = strlen(src);

	if (srclen > INET_ADDRSTRLEN)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (in4_pton(src, srclen, (u8 *)&addr4->sin_addr.s_addr,
		     '\n', NULL) == 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	addr4->sin_family = AF_INET;
	addr4->sin_port = htons(port_num);

	return 0;
}

static int inet6_pton(struct net *net, const char *src, u16 port_num,
		struct sockaddr_storage *addr)
{
	struct sockaddr_in6 *addr6 = (struct sockaddr_in6 *)addr;
	const char *scope_delim;
	int srclen = strlen(src);

	if (srclen > INET6_ADDRSTRLEN)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (in6_pton(src, srclen, (u8 *)&addr6->sin6_addr.s6_addr,
		     '%', &scope_delim) == 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (ipv6_addr_type(&addr6->sin6_addr) & IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL &&
	    src + srclen != scope_delim && *scope_delim == '%') {
		struct net_device *dev;
		char scope_id[16];
		size_t scope_len = min_t(size_t, sizeof(scope_id) - 1,
					 src + srclen - scope_delim - 1);

		memcpy(scope_id, scope_delim + 1, scope_len);
		scope_id[scope_len] = '\0';

		dev = dev_get_by_name(net, scope_id);
		if (dev) {
			addr6->sin6_scope_id = dev->ifindex;
			dev_put(dev);
		} else if (kstrtouint(scope_id, 0, &addr6->sin6_scope_id)) {
			return -EINVAL;
		}
	}

	addr6->sin6_family = AF_INET6;
	addr6->sin6_port = htons(port_num);

	return 0;
}

/**
 * inet_pton_with_scope - convert an IPv4/IPv6 and port to socket address
 * @net: net namespace (used for scope handling)
 * @af: address family, AF_INET, AF_INET6 or AF_UNSPEC for either
 * @src: the start of the address string
 * @port: the start of the port string (or NULL for none)
 * @addr: output socket address
 *
 * Return zero on success, return errno when any error occurs.
 */
int inet_pton_with_scope(struct net *net, __kernel_sa_family_t af,
		const char *src, const char *port, struct sockaddr_storage *addr)
{
	u16 port_num;
	int ret = -EINVAL;

	if (port) {
		if (kstrtou16(port, 0, &port_num))
			return -EINVAL;
	} else {
		port_num = 0;
	}

	switch (af) {
	case AF_INET:
		ret = inet4_pton(src, port_num, addr);
		break;
	case AF_INET6:
		ret = inet6_pton(net, src, port_num, addr);
		break;
	case AF_UNSPEC:
		ret = inet4_pton(src, port_num, addr);
		if (ret)
			ret = inet6_pton(net, src, port_num, addr);
		break;
	default:
		pr_err("unexpected address family %d\n", af);
	}

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(inet_pton_with_scope);

bool inet_addr_is_any(struct sockaddr *addr)
{
	if (addr->sa_family == AF_INET6) {
		struct sockaddr_in6 *in6 = (struct sockaddr_in6 *)addr;
		const struct sockaddr_in6 in6_any =
			{ .sin6_addr = IN6ADDR_ANY_INIT };

		if (!memcmp(in6->sin6_addr.s6_addr,
			    in6_any.sin6_addr.s6_addr, 16))
			return true;
	} else if (addr->sa_family == AF_INET) {
		struct sockaddr_in *in = (struct sockaddr_in *)addr;

		if (in->sin_addr.s_addr == htonl(INADDR_ANY))
			return true;
	} else {
		pr_warn("unexpected address family %u\n", addr->sa_family);
	}

	return false;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(inet_addr_is_any);

void inet_proto_csum_replace4(__sum16 *sum, struct sk_buff *skb,
			      __be32 from, __be32 to, bool pseudohdr)
{
	if (skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_PARTIAL) {
		csum_replace4(sum, from, to);
		if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE && pseudohdr)
			skb->csum = ~csum_add(csum_sub(~(skb->csum),
						       (__force __wsum)from),
					      (__force __wsum)to);
	} else if (pseudohdr)
		*sum = ~csum_fold(csum_add(csum_sub(csum_unfold(*sum),
						    (__force __wsum)from),
					   (__force __wsum)to));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(inet_proto_csum_replace4);

void inet_proto_csum_replace16(__sum16 *sum, struct sk_buff *skb,
			       const __be32 *from, const __be32 *to,
			       bool pseudohdr)
{
	__be32 diff[] = {
		~from[0], ~from[1], ~from[2], ~from[3],
		to[0], to[1], to[2], to[3],
	};
	if (skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_PARTIAL) {
		*sum = csum_fold(csum_partial(diff, sizeof(diff),
				 ~csum_unfold(*sum)));
		if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE && pseudohdr)
			skb->csum = ~csum_partial(diff, sizeof(diff),
						  ~skb->csum);
	} else if (pseudohdr)
		*sum = ~csum_fold(csum_partial(diff, sizeof(diff),
				  csum_unfold(*sum)));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(inet_proto_csum_replace16);

void inet_proto_csum_replace_by_diff(__sum16 *sum, struct sk_buff *skb,
				     __wsum diff, bool pseudohdr)
{
	if (skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_PARTIAL) {
		*sum = csum_fold(csum_add(diff, ~csum_unfold(*sum)));
		if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE && pseudohdr)
			skb->csum = ~csum_add(diff, ~skb->csum);
	} else if (pseudohdr) {
		*sum = ~csum_fold(csum_add(diff, csum_unfold(*sum)));
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL