/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __DRBD_PROTOCOL_H
#define __DRBD_PROTOCOL_H

enum drbd_packet {
	/* receiver (data socket) */
	P_DATA		      = 0x00,
	P_DATA_REPLY	      = 0x01, /* Response to P_DATA_REQUEST */
	P_RS_DATA_REPLY	      = 0x02, /* Response to P_RS_DATA_REQUEST */
	P_BARRIER	      = 0x03,
	P_BITMAP	      = 0x04,
	P_BECOME_SYNC_TARGET  = 0x05,
	P_BECOME_SYNC_SOURCE  = 0x06,
	P_UNPLUG_REMOTE	      = 0x07, /* Used at various times to hint the peer */
	P_DATA_REQUEST	      = 0x08, /* Used to ask for a data block */
	P_RS_DATA_REQUEST     = 0x09, /* Used to ask for a data block for resync */
	P_SYNC_PARAM	      = 0x0a,
	P_PROTOCOL	      = 0x0b,
	P_UUIDS		      = 0x0c,
	P_SIZES		      = 0x0d,
	P_STATE		      = 0x0e,
	P_SYNC_UUID	      = 0x0f,
	P_AUTH_CHALLENGE      = 0x10,
	P_AUTH_RESPONSE	      = 0x11,
	P_STATE_CHG_REQ	      = 0x12,

	/* (meta socket) */
	P_PING		      = 0x13,
	P_PING_ACK	      = 0x14,
	P_RECV_ACK	      = 0x15, /* Used in protocol B */
	P_WRITE_ACK	      = 0x16, /* Used in protocol C */
	P_RS_WRITE_ACK	      = 0x17, /* Is a P_WRITE_ACK, additionally call set_in_sync(). */
	P_SUPERSEDED	      = 0x18, /* Used in proto C, two-primaries conflict detection */
	P_NEG_ACK	      = 0x19, /* Sent if local disk is unusable */
	P_NEG_DREPLY	      = 0x1a, /* Local disk is broken... */
	P_NEG_RS_DREPLY	      = 0x1b, /* Local disk is broken... */
	P_BARRIER_ACK	      = 0x1c,
	P_STATE_CHG_REPLY     = 0x1d,

	/* "new" commands, no longer fitting into the ordering scheme above */

	P_OV_REQUEST	      = 0x1e, /* data socket */
	P_OV_REPLY	      = 0x1f,
	P_OV_RESULT	      = 0x20, /* meta socket */
	P_CSUM_RS_REQUEST     = 0x21, /* data socket */
	P_RS_IS_IN_SYNC	      = 0x22, /* meta socket */
	P_SYNC_PARAM89	      = 0x23, /* data socket, protocol version 89 replacement for P_SYNC_PARAM */
	P_COMPRESSED_BITMAP   = 0x24, /* compressed or otherwise encoded bitmap transfer */
	/* P_CKPT_FENCE_REQ      = 0x25, * currently reserved for protocol D */
	/* P_CKPT_DISABLE_REQ    = 0x26, * currently reserved for protocol D */
	P_DELAY_PROBE         = 0x27, /* is used on BOTH sockets */
	P_OUT_OF_SYNC         = 0x28, /* Mark as out of sync (Outrunning), data socket */
	P_RS_CANCEL           = 0x29, /* meta: Used to cancel RS_DATA_REQUEST packet by SyncSource */
	P_CONN_ST_CHG_REQ     = 0x2a, /* data sock: Connection wide state request */
	P_CONN_ST_CHG_REPLY   = 0x2b, /* meta sock: Connection side state req reply */
	P_RETRY_WRITE	      = 0x2c, /* Protocol C: retry conflicting write request */
	P_PROTOCOL_UPDATE     = 0x2d, /* data sock: is used in established connections */
        /* 0x2e to 0x30 reserved, used in drbd 9 */

	/* REQ_OP_DISCARD. We used "discard" in different contexts before,
	 * which is why I chose TRIM here, to disambiguate. */
	P_TRIM                = 0x31,

	/* Only use these two if both support FF_THIN_RESYNC */
	P_RS_THIN_REQ         = 0x32, /* Request a block for resync or reply P_RS_DEALLOCATED */
	P_RS_DEALLOCATED      = 0x33, /* Contains only zeros on sync source node */

	/* REQ_WRITE_SAME.
	 * On a receiving side without REQ_WRITE_SAME,
	 * we may fall back to an opencoded loop instead. */
	P_WSAME               = 0x34,

	/* 0x35 already claimed in DRBD 9 */
	P_ZEROES              = 0x36, /* data sock: zero-out, WRITE_ZEROES */

	/* 0x40 .. 0x48 already claimed in DRBD 9 */

	P_MAY_IGNORE	      = 0x100, /* Flag to test if (cmd > P_MAY_IGNORE) ... */
	P_MAX_OPT_CMD	      = 0x101,

	/* special command ids for handshake */

	P_INITIAL_META	      = 0xfff1, /* First Packet on the MetaSock */
	P_INITIAL_DATA	      = 0xfff2, /* First Packet on the Socket */

	P_CONNECTION_FEATURES = 0xfffe	/* FIXED for the next century! */
};

#ifndef __packed
#define __packed __attribute__((packed))
#endif

/* This is the layout for a packet on the wire.
 * The byteorder is the network byte order.
 *     (except block_id and barrier fields.
 *	these are pointers to local structs
 *	and have no relevance for the partner,
 *	which just echoes them as received.)
 *
 * NOTE that the payload starts at a long aligned offset,
 * regardless of 32 or 64 bit arch!
 */
struct p_header80 {
	u32	  magic;
	u16	  command;
	u16	  length;	/* bytes of data after this header */
} __packed;

/* Header for big packets, Used for data packets exceeding 64kB */
struct p_header95 {
	u16	  magic;	/* use DRBD_MAGIC_BIG here */
	u16	  command;
	u32	  length;
} __packed;

struct p_header100 {
	u32	  magic;
	u16	  volume;
	u16	  command;
	u32	  length;
	u32	  pad;
} __packed;

/* These defines must not be changed without changing the protocol version.
 * New defines may only be introduced together with protocol version bump or
 * new protocol feature flags.
 */
#define DP_HARDBARRIER	      1 /* no longer used */
#define DP_RW_SYNC	      2 /* equals REQ_SYNC    */
#define DP_MAY_SET_IN_SYNC    4
#define DP_UNPLUG             8 /* not used anymore   */
#define DP_FUA               16 /* equals REQ_FUA     */
#define DP_FLUSH             32 /* equals REQ_PREFLUSH   */
#define DP_DISCARD           64 /* equals REQ_OP_DISCARD */
#define DP_SEND_RECEIVE_ACK 128 /* This is a proto B write request */
#define DP_SEND_WRITE_ACK   256 /* This is a proto C write request */
#define DP_WSAME            512 /* equiv. REQ_WRITE_SAME */
#define DP_ZEROES          1024 /* equiv. REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES */

/* possible combinations:
 * REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES:  DP_DISCARD | DP_ZEROES
 * REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES + REQ_NOUNMAP: DP_ZEROES
 */

struct p_data {
	u64	    sector;    /* 64 bits sector number */
	u64	    block_id;  /* to identify the request in protocol B&C */
	u32	    seq_num;
	u32	    dp_flags;
} __packed;

struct p_trim {
	struct p_data p_data;
	u32	    size;	/* == bio->bi_size */
} __packed;

struct p_wsame {
	struct p_data p_data;
	u32           size;     /* == bio->bi_size */
} __packed;

/*
 * commands which share a struct:
 *  p_block_ack:
 *   P_RECV_ACK (proto B), P_WRITE_ACK (proto C),
 *   P_SUPERSEDED (proto C, two-primaries conflict detection)
 *  p_block_req:
 *   P_DATA_REQUEST, P_RS_DATA_REQUEST
 */
struct p_block_ack {
	u64	    sector;
	u64	    block_id;
	u32	    blksize;
	u32	    seq_num;
} __packed;

struct p_block_req {
	u64 sector;
	u64 block_id;
	u32 blksize;
	u32 pad;	/* to multiple of 8 Byte */
} __packed;

/*
 * commands with their own struct for additional fields:
 *   P_CONNECTION_FEATURES
 *   P_BARRIER
 *   P_BARRIER_ACK
 *   P_SYNC_PARAM
 *   ReportParams
 */

/* supports TRIM/DISCARD on the "wire" protocol */
#define DRBD_FF_TRIM 1

/* Detect all-zeros during resync, and rather TRIM/UNMAP/DISCARD those blocks
 * instead of fully allocate a supposedly thin volume on initial resync */
#define DRBD_FF_THIN_RESYNC 2

/* supports REQ_WRITE_SAME on the "wire" protocol.
 * Note: this flag is overloaded,
 * its presence also
 *   - indicates support for 128 MiB "batch bios",
 *     max discard size of 128 MiB
 *     instead of 4M before that.
 *   - indicates that we exchange additional settings in p_sizes
 *     drbd_send_sizes()/receive_sizes()
 */
#define DRBD_FF_WSAME 4

/* supports REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES on the "wire" protocol.
 *
 * We used to map that to "discard" on the sending side, and if we cannot
 * guarantee that discard zeroes data, the receiving side would map discard
 * back to zero-out.
 *
 * With the introduction of REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES,
 * we started to use that for both WRITE_ZEROES and DISCARDS,
 * hoping that WRITE_ZEROES would "do what we want",
 * UNMAP if possible, zero-out the rest.
 *
 * The example scenario is some LVM "thin" backend.
 *
 * While an un-allocated block on dm-thin reads as zeroes, on a dm-thin
 * with "skip_block_zeroing=true", after a partial block write allocated
 * that block, that same block may well map "undefined old garbage" from
 * the backends on LBAs that have not yet been written to.
 *
 * If we cannot distinguish between zero-out and discard on the receiving
 * side, to avoid "undefined old garbage" to pop up randomly at later times
 * on supposedly zero-initialized blocks, we'd need to map all discards to
 * zero-out on the receiving side.  But that would potentially do a full
 * alloc on thinly provisioned backends, even when the expectation was to
 * unmap/trim/discard/de-allocate.
 *
 * We need to distinguish on the protocol level, whether we need to guarantee
 * zeroes (and thus use zero-out, potentially doing the mentioned full-alloc),
 * or if we want to put the emphasis on discard, and only do a "best effort
 * zeroing" (by "discarding" blocks aligned to discard-granularity, and zeroing
 * only potential unaligned head and tail clippings), to at least *try* to
 * avoid "false positives" in an online-verify later, hoping that someone
 * set skip_block_zeroing=false.
 */
#define DRBD_FF_WZEROES 8


struct p_connection_features {
	u32 protocol_min;
	u32 feature_flags;
	u32 protocol_max;

	/* should be more than enough for future enhancements
	 * for now, feature_flags and the reserved array shall be zero.
	 */

	u32 _pad;
	u64 reserved[7];
} __packed;

struct p_barrier {
	u32 barrier;	/* barrier number _handle_ only */
	u32 pad;	/* to multiple of 8 Byte */
} __packed;

struct p_barrier_ack {
	u32 barrier;
	u32 set_size;
} __packed;

struct p_rs_param {
	u32 resync_rate;

	      /* Since protocol version 88 and higher. */
	char verify_alg[];
} __packed;

struct p_rs_param_89 {
	u32 resync_rate;
	/* protocol version 89: */
	char verify_alg[SHARED_SECRET_MAX];
	char csums_alg[SHARED_SECRET_MAX];
} __packed;

struct p_rs_param_95 {
	u32 resync_rate;
	char verify_alg[SHARED_SECRET_MAX];
	char csums_alg[SHARED_SECRET_MAX];
	u32 c_plan_ahead;
	u32 c_delay_target;
	u32 c_fill_target;
	u32 c_max_rate;
} __packed;

enum drbd_conn_flags {
	CF_DISCARD_MY_DATA = 1,
	CF_DRY_RUN = 2,
};

struct p_protocol {
	u32 protocol;
	u32 after_sb_0p;
	u32 after_sb_1p;
	u32 after_sb_2p;
	u32 conn_flags;
	u32 two_primaries;

	/* Since protocol version 87 and higher. */
	char integrity_alg[];

} __packed;

struct p_uuids {
	u64 uuid[UI_EXTENDED_SIZE];
} __packed;

struct p_rs_uuid {
	u64	    uuid;
} __packed;

/* optional queue_limits if (agreed_features & DRBD_FF_WSAME)
 * see also struct queue_limits, as of late 2015 */
struct o_qlim {
	/* we don't need it yet, but we may as well communicate it now */
	u32 physical_block_size;

	/* so the original in struct queue_limits is unsigned short,
	 * but I'd have to put in padding anyways. */
	u32 logical_block_size;

	/* One incoming bio becomes one DRBD request,
	 * which may be translated to several bio on the receiving side.
	 * We don't need to communicate chunk/boundary/segment ... limits.
	 */

	/* various IO hints may be useful with "diskless client" setups */
	u32 alignment_offset;
	u32 io_min;
	u32 io_opt;

	/* We may need to communicate integrity stuff at some point,
	 * but let's not get ahead of ourselves. */

	/* Backend discard capabilities.
	 * Receiving side uses "blkdev_issue_discard()", no need to communicate
	 * more specifics.  If the backend cannot do discards, the DRBD peer
	 * may fall back to blkdev_issue_zeroout().
	 */
	u8 discard_enabled;
	u8 discard_zeroes_data;
	u8 write_same_capable;
	u8 _pad;
} __packed;

struct p_sizes {
	u64	    d_size;  /* size of disk */
	u64	    u_size;  /* user requested size */
	u64	    c_size;  /* current exported size */
	u32	    max_bio_size;  /* Maximal size of a BIO */
	u16	    queue_order_type;  /* not yet implemented in DRBD*/
	u16	    dds_flags; /* use enum dds_flags here. */

	/* optional queue_limits if (agreed_features & DRBD_FF_WSAME) */
	struct o_qlim qlim[];
} __packed;

struct p_state {
	u32	    state;
} __packed;

struct p_req_state {
	u32	    mask;
	u32	    val;
} __packed;

struct p_req_state_reply {
	u32	    retcode;
} __packed;

struct p_drbd06_param {
	u64	  size;
	u32	  state;
	u32	  blksize;
	u32	  protocol;
	u32	  version;
	u32	  gen_cnt[5];
	u32	  bit_map_gen[5];
} __packed;

struct p_block_desc {
	u64 sector;
	u32 blksize;
	u32 pad;	/* to multiple of 8 Byte */
} __packed;

/* Valid values for the encoding field.
 * Bump proto version when changing this. */
enum drbd_bitmap_code {
	/* RLE_VLI_Bytes = 0,
	 * and other bit variants had been defined during
	 * algorithm evaluation. */
	RLE_VLI_Bits = 2,
};

struct p_compressed_bm {
	/* (encoding & 0x0f): actual encoding, see enum drbd_bitmap_code
	 * (encoding & 0x80): polarity (set/unset) of first runlength
	 * ((encoding >> 4) & 0x07): pad_bits, number of trailing zero bits
	 * used to pad up to head.length bytes
	 */
	u8 encoding;

	u8 code[];
} __packed;

struct p_delay_probe93 {
	u32     seq_num; /* sequence number to match the two probe packets */
	u32     offset;  /* usecs the probe got sent after the reference time point */
} __packed;

/*
 * Bitmap packets need to fit within a single page on the sender and receiver,
 * so we are limited to 4 KiB (and not to PAGE_SIZE, which can be bigger).
 */
#define DRBD_SOCKET_BUFFER_SIZE 4096

#endif  /* __DRBD_PROTOCOL_H */